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Full text of "Agricultural statistics"



Agricultural 

Statistics 

1970 




United States Department of Agriculture 



Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practice 



1 7 



KtrtRLiSOC iiuum 



UNITED STATES 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



AGRICULTURAL 
STATISTICS 



1970 

y, §, mi of j«yiTO 

JAN 19 1971 

fSsSfe^MBR SEMI BECOBOS 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON: 1970 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2.75 (paper cover) 



Agricultural Statistics, 1970 



Prepared under the direction of the Yearbook Statistical Committee : 
JAMES R. KENDALL, Chairman; EVELYN L. WOOD, Secretary; 
FLOYD F. HEDLUND, LAWRENCE A. JONES, CHARLES N. 
LANE, EARL E. MILLER, MARTIN P. PLANTING, ALEXANDER 
SWANTZ, RAYMOND E. VICKERY, and RAY F. VOELKEL. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction Ill 

Weights, measures, and conversion factors VI 

I — Grains: 

Food grains: 

Wheat 1 

Rye... 16 

Rice 21 

Feed grains: 

Corn 28 

Oats 35 

Barley 41 

Sorghums 50 

Grain consumption 48 

Feedstuff's 55 

II — Cotton, sugar, and tobacco: 

Cotton 59- 

Other fibers 73 

Sugar plants and sugar 77 

Sirups 92 

Honey and beeswax 96 

Tobacco..., 100 

III — Oilseeds, fats, and oils: 

Cottonseed 114 

Flaxseed 118 

Peanuts 124 

Soybeans 131 

Tung nuts 138 

Olive oil 137 

Margarine 139 

Shortening 140 

Fats and oils 141 

IV — Vegetables and melons: 

Vegetables and melons 151 

Seasonal groupings of commercial 

vegetable crops for fresh market 152 

Vegetable shipments 197 

Vegetable consumption 200 

Commercial pack 203 

V — Fruits, tree nuts, and beverage crops: 

Fruits and berries 207 

Tree nuts 259 

Tea, cacao beans, and coffee 263 

VI — Hay, seeds, and minor field crops: 

Hay 266 

Pasture and range 272 

Seeds 273 

Rates of seeding 283 

Beans, dry edible 284 

Peas, dry field 291 

Broomcorn 295 

Cowpeas 296 

Hops 297 

Mung beans 298 



Page 
VI — Hay, seeds, and minor field crops — Continued 

Popcorn 299 

Peppermint and spearmint 300 

VII — Cattle, hogs, and sheep: 

Cattle and calves 301 

Hogs 314 

Sheep and lambs 325 

Wool 338 

Goats and mohair 346 

Meats and meat products 348 

Hides 355 

Livestock index numbers 358 

Animal units 358 

VIII — Dairy and poultry products: 

Cows and dairy products 362 

Chickens 400 

Turkeys 414 

Eggs 420 

IX — Farm resources, income, and expenses: 

Farm property 426 

Population and employment 440 

Farm production and distribution 444 

Prices and income 459 

Costs and expenses 477 

X — Taxes, insurance, cooperatives, and credit: 

Taxes and insurance 484 

Credit and loan programs 493 

Rural electrification and telephones 515 

XI — Stabilization and price-support programs: 

Price support 522 

Allotments and acreage diversion 538 

Marketing agreements and orders 544 

XII — Agricultural conservation and forestry 
statistics: 

Agricultural conservation programs 545 

Soil conservation programs 550 

Forestry 558 

Turpentine and rosin 571 

XIII — Consumption and family living: 

Population 574 

Food consumption 574 

Food and nutrition programs 580 

Prices at retail levels 583 

XIV — Miscellaneous statistics: 

Agricultural imports and exports 585 

Weather statistics '. 599 

Commodity futures 601 

Fishery statistics 603 

Refrigeration statistics 608 

Alaska and Hawaii statistics 009 

Index 611 



II 



Introduction 

Agricultural Statistics is published each year to meet the diverse 
needs for a reliable reference book on agricultural production, sup- 
plies, consumption, facilities, costs, and returns. Its tables of annual 
data cover a wide variety of facts in forms suited to most common use. 

Inquiries concerning more current or more detailed data, past and 
prospective revisions, or the statistical methodology used should be 
addressed directly to the agency credited with preparing the table. 
Most of the data were prepared or compiled in the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. A few tables were prepared in other Government 
agencies. 

The historical series in this volume have been generally limited to 
data beginning with 1954 or 1955 or the most recent 10 years. How- 
ever, many of the series carry a reference in the source note to the 
table in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, where comparable data for 
earlier years can be found. In the 1967 issue, historical tables showing 
totals for the United States begin with 1866 for the principal crops 
and with 1867 for January 1 livestock numbers, and most other basic 
tables showing national totals begin with 1929, 1934, 1939, or 1944 
(livestock and poultry tables 1 year later) depending in part on the 
relative need for a long series. 

These two publications should provide data for enough years to meet 
the needs of most users. 

Agricultural data for Alaska and Hawaii are included in the ap- 
propriate tables, where available. Certain statistics for these two 
States are found in chapter XIV. 

U.S. foreign agricultural trade statistics include Government as 
well as non-Government shipments of merchandise from the United 
States and Territories to foreign countries. They do not include U.S. 
shipments to the U.S. Armed Forces abroad for their own use or 
shipments between the States and U.S. Territories. The world sum- 
maries of production and trade of major farm products are prepared 
by the U.S. Department of Agriculture from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce, official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches 
and Foreign Service Officers, and the result of office research. 

Three types of data are included in this volume. Statistics presented 
in many of the tables represent actual counts of the items covered. 
Most of the statistics relating to foreign trade and to Government 
programs, such as numbers and amounts of loans made to farmers, 
and amounts of loans made by the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
etc., are data of this type. A large number of other tables, however, 
contain data that are estimates made by the Department of Agricul- 
ture, which in many cases are supplemented by a third type of data 
obtained in census enumerations. 

The estimates for crops, livestock, and poultry made by the U.S. De- 
partment of Agriculture are prepared mainly to give timely current 
State and national totals and averages. They are based on data obtained 

III 



IV AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 

by sample surveys of farmers and of people who do business with 
farmers. The survey data are supplemented by information from the 
Censuses of Agriculture taken every 5 years and check data from 
various sources. Being estimates, they are subject to revisions as more 
data become available from commercial or Government sources. Unless 
otherwise indicated, the totals for the United States shown in the 
various tables on acreage, production, numbers, price, value, supplies, 
and disposition are based on official Department estimates. They ex- 
clude States for which no official estimates are compiled. 

For census years, many tables carry both Bureau of the Census 
totals and Department of Agriculture estimates. Generally, where 
there are appreciable differences between the Census totals and the 
Department's final estimates, the processes of checking and revising 
estimates have indicated that some sources provide more nearly 
complete information about some items than the Bureau of the Census 
has been able to obtain. For example, estimates of tobacco are often 
more precise than Census totals because the estimates are based on 
actual sales recorded by the USDA Agricultural Stabilization and 
Conservation Service, and State Departments of Agriculture. Sugar- 
beet and sugarcane production and acreage estimates are adjusted 
to quantities actually reported by sugar factories. Check information 
on peanuts and rice is available from processors for areas sometimes 
including several States. In a number of other instances allowances 
have been made for known incompleteness of coverage by the Census 
Bureau. 

For livestock and poultry, the Department's estimates of inventory 
numbers relate to January 1. Most recent censuses have not enumer- 
ated numbers on that date. The 1945 Census was taken as of January 1, 
but with the trying wartime conditions, was delayed over a consider- 
able length of time in a number of States with the result that reported 
inventory numbers did not always represent the actual January 1 
inventory. The 1950 Census was taken as of April 1, the 1954 and 
1959 Censuses were taken in October and November, and the 1964 
Census was taken in November and December. These situations have 
made it necessary to adjust census totals to a January 1 equivalent 
basis, taking into account changes that occurred between the Jan- 
uary 1 date and the actual date of enumeration. 

DEFINITIONS 

"Farm value" as applied to crops in the various tables, is derived 
by multiplying production by the estimated season average price 
received by farmers for that portion of the commodity actually sold. 
In the case of fruits and vegetables, however, quantities not harvested 
because of low prices or other economic factors are excluded from the 
computation of farm value. The term is used in the inventory tables 
on livestock and poultry to mean value of the number of head on 
farms on January 1. It is derived by multiplying the number of head 
by an estimated value per head as of that date. 

The word "Year" (alone) in a column heading means calendar 
year. "Ton" when used in this book without qualifications means a 
short ton of 2,000 pounds. 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 V 

WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND CONVERSION FACTORS 

The following table on weights, measures, and conversion factors 
covers the most important agricultural products, or the products for 
which such information is most frequently asked of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. It does not cover all farm products nor all con- 
tainers for any one product. 

The information has been assembled from various sources within 
the Department and from State schedules of legal weights. For most 
products, particularly fruits and vegetables, there is a considerable 
variation in weight per unit of volume due to differences in variety or 
size of commodity, condition and tightness of pack, degree to which 
the container is neaped, etc. Effort has been made to select the most 
representative and fairest average for each product. For those com- 
modities which develop considerable shrinkage, the point of origin 
weight or weight at harvest has been used. 

The approximate or average weights as given in this table do not 
necessarily have official standing as a basis for packing or as grounds 
for settling disputes. Not all of them are recognized as legal weight. 
The table was prepared chiefly for use of workers in the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture who have need of conversion factors in statistical 
computations. 



VI 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 



WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND CONVERSION FACTORS 

(See explanatory text just preceding this table) 
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 



Commodity 


Unit « 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 


Commodity 


Unit » 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 






Pounds 
60 
48 
44 

37-44 

24 
26 

20 
50 
30 
12-15 
40 
48 

56 

60 

100 

28-32 

28-32 

50 
45 

380 

425 

450 

36 

14-30 

20-25 

! 

333 

44-50 

25 

48 

64 

50 

50 

80 

83 

50 
50 
41 

10 8 

50-60 

23-35 

60 
16 
20 
60 

i 3 70 

56 

50 

10 7 7 

11.72 
45-50 
40-60 
"500 
"480 
15 32 
107 7 

60 

100 
25 


Cream, 40-percent 


Gallon 


Pounds 




f ...do 


8 38 




Northwest box 2 

1 Fiberboard box, 




Bushel 

24-quart crate 

Bushel 

Case, 30 dozen 

Bushel 

Box, single layer 17 . . . 
Bushel 


48 










36 
33 








Lug (Brentwood) 3 . . . 
4-basket crate 4 


Eggs : average size 


47 




25 


Artichokes: 


1 Figs, fresh 


6 






56 




Bushel 


Flour, various 

Grapefruit: 

Florida and Texas 

Florida 


Bag 

C }4-box mesh bag .... 
^1-3,5-bushelbox.... 
ll-2./5-bushelbox.... 

{Box 18 


100 








Lug 5 

Fiber folding box 6 . . . 
Bushel 


40 




85 


Barlev 


Texas 

California Desert 
Valleys and 


80 


Beans: 


do 






f....do 


19 64 




\Sack 


(Carton 20 . . 






California, other 
than Desert 
Valleys 


32 




Bushel 


/Box " 




Snap 








do 


67 






33M 

6 


Bunched 

Berries, frozen pack: 


Wirebound crate .... 

50-gallon barrel 

. . do 


Grapes: 


f4-quart climax 


3+1 pack 




12-quart basket 


18-20 


2+1 pack 


... do 


28 




24-quart crate 

Bushel 


\4-basket crate 22 

Bushel 








20 




44 




Wirebound crate .... 
Bale 




do 


50 






Gallon 


11.84 




Honeydew melons 


Jumbo crate 23 


44 




Bushel 


200 






Horseradish roots 

Hungarian millet 


/Bushel 


35 




Bushel 


1 Barrel 


100 


Butter 


Box 


Bushel 






CO pen mesh bag 

\ Wirebound crate 7 . . . 

{ Western crate s 

Jumbo crate s 

/Bushel 

{Open mesh bag 

Bushel 

Gallon 

fW.G.A.crate 

| Fiberboard box, 
1 wrapper leaves 
I removed, film- 
wrapped, 2 
[ layers 

Crate u 


48 and 50 




Kale 


.. . do 


18 






do .. 


35-40 








375 


Carrots: 


Lemons: 

California and 


(Box 19 










(Carton 20 












Bushel 


60 






Fiberboard box, 






Lettuce , hothouse 


38-55 




24-quart basket 

Box 


10 










Gallon 


10 7.7 




Malt.... 


Bushel . 


34 


Celery 




11.03 




/Lug (Campbell) 12 ... 
\Lug 


Meadow fescue seed 

Milk 


Bushel 

Gallon 


24 

8.6 






Bushel 


Millet 


Bushel 


48-50 




Bushel 


Molasses, edible 

Molasses, inedible 


Gallon 


11.72 




. do 


11.74 


Shelled 


.do. 


Bushel 


58-60 


Meal 


do 


Oats 


... do 


32 


Oil 


Gallon 

...do 


Olives 


Lug 21 


25-30 






Gallon 


10 7.6 




/Mesh or paper bag . . 
1 Wrebound crate. . . . 

fBale, gross 

\Bale, net 




Sack 


50 




Onions, green 

bunched 

Onion sets 

Oranges: 
Florida and Texas 

California and 

Arizona 


Crate 

Bushel 

f K-box mesh bag .... 
\Box 25 

/Box 18 




Cotton 


60-65 




28-32 




Bushel 

Gallon 

Bushel 

/Barrel 

\ ^-barrel box 16 






45 


Cowpeas 


90 




19 75 
37^ 









See footnotes on page IX. 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES— Continued 



VII 



Commodity 


Uniti 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 


Commodity 


Unit » 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 


Orehardgrass seed 




Pounds 
14 
107 7 

50 

48 

20 

26 18 

107.7 

17 

21 

25 
25 

48 
50 
40 

28-30 
60 
25-30 
30-34 
37-40 
70 

28-34 

28 

18 70 
56 
46 

60 

165 

50 

100 

48 

50 and 60 

36 

50 and 60 

1 1 . 45 

45 

100 
162 
100 
520 
56 
56 
46 


Shallots 

Sorgo: 
Seed 


Crate (4-7 doz . 
bunches) 

Bushel 

Gallon 

Bushel 


Pounds 


Gallon 


20-35 


Parsnips 


Bushel 

f do 


50 




{ Lug box 21 

[ California fruit box . 
Gallon 


11 55 




Sorghum grain 30 


56 




do 


60 


Peanuts, unshelled: 


Bushel 

.... do 


Soybean oil 

Spelt 


Gallon 

Bushel 

do 


10 7.7 
40 




18-20 




Strawberries 

Sudangrass seed 

Sugarcane sirup 

(sulfured or 

unsulfured) 

Sunflower seed 

Sweetpotatoes 

Tangerines, Florida 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco: 

Maryland 


/24-quart crate 

(,12-pint crate 

Bushel 

Gallon 


36 


Spanish: 

Southeastern 

Southwestern 

Pears: 


do 

do 

do 


9-11 
40 

11.45 


Other 


..do 


24 and 32 




Box 27 


/ ...do 


31 55 




Bushel 

do 


\Crate 


50 


Green, unshelled 

Dry 


4/5-bushel box 

Bushel 


47^ 
45 


Peppers, green 


/ ... do 

\Fiberboard carton. . . 

Bushel 

Crate 28 

4-basket crate 29 

H-bushel basket 

Bushel 

do 


775 




do 


950 






do 


975 




Dark air-cured 

Virginia fire-cured 

Kentucky and 
Tennessee fire- 


do 


1,150 




... do 


1 350 


Other 

Popcorn : 


do 


1,500 


Shelled 






250-365 




do 


\Bale 






Tomatoes 

Tomatoes, hothouse 

Tung oil 

Turnips: 






(Bushel 

1 Barrel 

(Bag 

(....do 

Bushel 

do 


Crate 


60 






32 




(2-layer flat 


21 




12-quart basket 

Gallon 






20 

10 7 8 


Quinces 




50 




24-quart crate 

Bushel 

Gallon 

[Bushel 

iBag 

(Barrel 

Pocket or bag 

Drum , net 

Bushel 

do 


Bunched 

Turpentine 

Velvetbeans (hulled) 

Vetch 


Crate 8 


70-80 






7 23 






60 




do 


60 






do 


50 




Water, 60° F 

Watermelons 

Wheat 

Various commodities 


Gallon 

Melons of average 

or medium size .... 
Bushel 


8.33 


Milled 

Rosin 


25 

60 

2,000 


Rye . . . 


\ Long ton 


2,240 




do . 









See footnotes on page IX. 



VIII 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 
CONVERSION FACTORS 



Commodity 



Unit 



Apples 

Do 

Do 

Applesauce 

Apricots 

Barley 

Barley flour 

Beans , lima 

Beans, snap or wax 

Buckwheat flour 

Calves 

Cattle 

Cane sirup 

Cherries, sour 

Chickens 

Corn 

Corn, shelled 

Corn, sweet 

Cornmeal : 

Degermed 

Nondegermed 

Cotton 

Cottonseed meal 

Cottonseed oil 

Dairv products: 

Butter 

Cheese 

Condensed milk, whole 

Dry cream 

Dry milk, whole 

Evaporated milk, whole 

Malted milk 

Nonfat dry milk 

Ice cream M 

Ice cream K (eliminating fat from 
butter and concentrated milk) . 

Eggs 

Eggs, shell 

Do 

Figs 



Flaxseed 

Grapefruit, Florida. 
Hogs 



Linseed meal 

Linseed oil 

Malt 

Maple sirup 

Nuts: 

Almonds, imported . 

Almonds, California. 



Brazil 

Cashews . . 

Chestnuts . 
Filberts . . 



Pecans: 

Seedling 

Improved 

Pignolias 

Pistachios 

Walnuts: 

Black 

Persian (English) 

Oats 

Oatmeal 

Oranges, Florida 

Peaches, California, freestone. 



Peaches, California, clingstone. 
Peaches, clingstone 

Do 

Peanuts 

Pears 

Pears, Bartlett 

Do 



1 pound dried 

1 pound chops 

1 case canned 32 

do 32 

1 pound dried 

1 metric ton 33 

100 pounds 

1 pound shelled .... 
1 case canned 34 . . . . 

100 pounds 

1 pound live weight. 

do 

1 gallon 

1 case canned 32 . . . . 
1 pound live weight . 

1 metric ton 33 

1 bushel (56 lbs.)... 
1 case canned M . . . . 



100 pounds. . . . 
do 

1 pound ginned . 

1 pound 

do 



...do. 
do. 

....do.. 

do.. 

do.. 

...do.. 

do.. 

do.. 

1 gallon . 



...do 

1 case 

...do 

...do 

1 pound dried 



1 bushel 

1 case canned juice 3 
1 pound live weight . 



1 pound 

...do 

1 busheK34lbs.). 
1 gallon 



1 pound shelled . 
...do 



.do. 



...do 

...do 

1 metric ton ^ 

100 pounds 

1 case canned juice 34 
1 pound dried. ...... 



...do 

1 case canned 32 . 

...do 

1 pound shelled . 
1 pound dried . . 
1 case canned 32 . 



Approximate equivalent 



do 



7 pounds fresh; beginning 1943, 8 pounds fresh 

5 pounds fresh 
1.4 bushels fresh 
1 2 bushels fresh 

6 pounds fresh 
45.9296 bushels 
4.59 bushels barley 
2 pounds unshelled 
.008 ton fresh 

3.47 bushels buckwheat 

0.557 pound dressed weight '1954-63 average) 

0.561 pound dressed weight '1954-63 average) 

5 pounds sugar 

0.023 ton fresh 

0.72 pound readv-to-cook weight 

39.368 bushels 

2 bushels TO pounds) of husked ear corn 

0.030 ton fresh 

3.16 bushels corn, beginning 1946 

2 bushels corn, beginning 1946 

3.26 pounds seed cotton, including trash K 
2.10 pounds cottonseed 
5.88 pounds cottonseed 

21.1 pounds milk 

10 pounds milk 
2.3 pounds milk 
19 pounds milk 
7.6 pounds milk 
2.14 pounds milk 
2.6 pounds milk 

11 pounds liquid skim milk 
15 pounds milk 

12 pounds milk 
47 pounds 

39.5 pounds frozen or liquid whole eggs 
10.3 pounds dried whole eggs 

3 pounds fresh in California; 4 pounds fresh 
elsewhere 

About 2\j gallons oil 

0.64 box fresh fruit 

0.579 pound dressed weight, excluding lard 

a 954-63 average) 
1 .51 pounds flaxseed 

2 .77 pounds flaxseed 

1 bushel barley (48 lbs.) 

8 pounds maple sugar 

3-1/3 pounds unshelled 
2.22 pounds unshelled through 1949; 2 pounds 
thereafter 

2 pounds unshelled 
4.55 pounds unshelled 
1.19 pounds unshelled 

2.22 pounds unshelled through 1949; 2.5 pounds 
thereafter 

2.78 pounds unshelled 
2.50 pounds unshelled 
1.3 pounds unshelled 
2 pounds unshelled 

5.88 pounds unshelled 

2.67 pounds unshelled 

68.8944 bushels 

7.6 bushels oats, beginning 1943 

0.53 box fresh 

5H pounds fresh through 1918; 6 pounds fresh 

for 1919-28; and Q}4 pounds fresh from 1929 

to date 
7H pounds fresh 
1 bushel fresh 
0.0230 ton fresh 
1 Yo pounds unshelled 
6 1 -! pounds fresh 
1.1 bushels fresh 
0.026 ton fresh 



See footnotes on page IX. 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1970 
CONVERSION FACTORS— Continued 



IX 



Commodity 


Unit 


Approximate equivalent 






lYi pounds unshelled 


Do 




0.009 ton fresh (shelled) 












elsewhere 








Rye 

Rye flour 


1 metric ton M 


39.368 bushels 


1 pound live weight 


0.482 pound dressed weight (1954-63 average) 




36.7437 bushels 


Soybean meal 






do 


5.49 pounds soybeans 


Sugar 

Tobacco 

Turkeys 

Wheat 


1 ton raw 

1 pound farm-sales 

weight 

1 case canned 34 

1 pound live weight 


0.9346 ton refined 

Various weights of stemmed and unstemmed , ac- 
cording to aging and the tvpe of tobacco. (See 
circular 435, U.S. Dept. of Agr.) 

0.018 ton fresh 

0.80 pound ready-to-cook weight 

36.7437 bushels 




100 pounds 

1 pound greasy 

do 


2.30 bushels wheat 37 

















1 Standard bushel used in the United States contains 2,150.42 cubic inches; the gallon, 231 cubic inches; the 
cranberry barrel, 5.826 cubic inches; and the standard fruit and vegetable barrel, 7,056 cubic inches. Such 



of a heaped bushel, which would 
This also applies to such products as 



inches, and 13 by 15H by 23 inches. 



large-sized products as apples and potatoes sometimes are sold on the 
exceed somewhat the 2,150.42 cubic inches of a bushel basket level full, 
sweetpotatces, peaches, green beans, green peas, spinach, etc. 

2 Approximate inside dimensions, 10H by UK by 18 inches. 

3 Approximate inside dimensions, 4 % by 12^ by 163^ inches. 

4 Approximate inside dimensions, 4H by 16 by 163 / 8 inches. 

5 Approximate dimensions, 4^ by 133^ by 16J/8 inches. 

6 Approximate inside dimensions, 13 by 12 by 32. 

7 Inside dimensions vary. Common sizes are 13 by 13 by 223 

8 Approximate inside dimensions, 13 by 18 by 21 5^ inches. 

9 Approximate inside dimensions, 13 by 13 by 22 pg inches. 

10 This is the weight commonly used in trade practices, the actual weight varying according to temperature 
conditions. 

11 Approximate inside dimensions, 9% by 16 by 20 inches. 

12 Approximate inside dimensions, 43-ls by llj^ by 14 inches. 

13 The standard weight of 70 pounds is usually recognized as being about 2 measured bushels of corn, husked, 
on the ear, because it requires 70 pounds to yield 1 bushel, or 56 pounds, of shelled corn. 

14 For statistical purposes the bale of cotton is 500 pounds or 480 pounds net weight. Prior to Aug. 1, 1946, 
the net weight was estimated at 478 pounds. Actual bale weights vary considerably, and the customary 
average weights of bales of foreign cotton differ from that of the American square bale. 

15 This is the average weight of cottonseed, although the legal weight in some States varies from this figure of 
32 pounds. 

16 Approximate inside dimensions, 9 34 by 103^ by 15 inches. 

17 Approximate inside dimensions, 1% by 11 by 16M inches. 

18 Approximate inside dimensions, 11H by 11H by 24 inches. 

19 In California and Arizona from 1942 through 1953, the net weights as used by this Department were 77 
pounds for oranges, 79 pounds for lemons, and 65 pounds for Desert Valleys grapefruit. Grapefruit in Cali- 
fornia areas, other than the Desert Valleys, averaged 68 pounds. The new weights effective in 1954 reflect 
the shift from the "box" to the M-box carton as the container used. 

20 Approximate inside dimensions, 1034 by 10 xl /ie by 16% inches for oranges or lemons, and 9% by 10 u /f6 by 
16% inches for grapefruit. 

21 Approximate inside dimensions, 5M by 13H by 163^ inches. 

22 Approximate inside dimensions, 4% by 16 by 16H inches. 

23 Approximate inside dimensions, 1% by 16 by 21 J^ inches. 

24 Approximate inside dimensions, 9% by 13 by 25 inches. 

25 Approximate inside dimensions, 12 by 12 by 24 inches. 

26 Approximate inside dimensions vary. Common size is 4H by 113^ by 163^8 inches. 

27 Approximate inside dimensions, 8H by 113^ by 18 inches. 

28 Approximate inside dimensions, 12 by 103^ by 33 inches. 

29 Inside dimensions vary. Ranges from 4 by 16 by 16H inches to 6 by 16 by 163^ inches. 

30 Includes both sorghum grain (kafir, milo, hegari, etc.) and sweet sorghum varieties. 

31 This average of 55 pounds indicates the usual weight of sweetpotatoes when harvested. Much weight is 
lost in curing or drying and the net weight when sold in terminal markets may be below 55 pounds. 

32 Case of 24 No. 23^ cans. 

33 1 metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds. 

34 Case of 24 No. 303 cans. 

35 Varies widely by method of harvesting. 

36 The milk equivalent of ice cream per gallon is 15 pounds. Reports from plants indicate about 81 percent 
of the butterfat in ice cream is from milk and cream, the remainder being from butter and concentrated milk. 
Thus the milk equivalent of the milk and cream in a gallon of ice cream is about 12 pounds. 

37 This is equivalent to 4.51 bushels of wheat per barrel (196 pounds) of flour and has been used in conversions, 
beginning July 1, 1957. Because of changes in milling processes, the following factors per barrel of flour have 
been used for earlier periods: 1790-1879, 5 bushels; 1880-1908, 4.75 bushels; 1909-17, 4.7 bushels; 1918 and 
1919, 4.5 bushels; 1920, 4.6 bushels; 1921-44, 4.7 bushels; July 1944-Feb. 1946, 4.57 bushels; March 1946-Oct. 
1946, average was about 4.31 bushels; and Nov. 1946-June 1957, 4.57 bushels. 



CHAPTER I 
STATISTICS OF GRAIN 

This chapter contains tables for wheat, rye, rice, corn, oats, barley, sorghum 
grain, and feedstuffs. Estimates are given of acreage, production, farm disposi- 
tion, prices, farm value, stocks, foreign production and trade, and price-support 
operations. The United States tables on acreage, yield, production, value, and 
foreign trade for the most part extend back to 1954. Data on earlier years are 
available from the 1967 Agricultural Statistics. Estimates in greater detail are 
published regularly by the Crop Reporting Board for commodities treated in this 
chapter. Tables on popcorn are placed in chapter VI with "minor field crops." 

Data on shipments of specified corn products by the wet-process industry are 
not available after 1967, and the table has been dropped. 

Table 1. — Wheat : Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 
seeded l 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 

by 

farmers 

( 2 ) 


Farm 
value 


Average price 
per bushel, year 
beginning July, 

at— 


Foreign trade, 

including flour, 

year beginning 

Julys 




Kansas 
City 3 


Minne- 
apolis 4 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 6 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 7 


1954*. . : 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

51,362 

54,356 

47,290 

49,768 

43,754 

53,047 

49,567 

51,716 

51,879 

51,571 

43,688 

45,506 

i7,958 

49,762 

49,560 

49,867 

58,771 

55.262 

47,555 


Bushels 
17.7 
18.1 
19.8 
20.2 
21.8 
27.5 
21.3 
21.6 
26.1 
23.9 
25.0 
25.2 
25.4 
25.8 
26.5 
26.3 
25.9 
28.5 
30.7 


1,000 

bushels 

908,928 

983,900 

935,094 

1,005,397 

955,740 

1,457,435 

1 055 925 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 


62,539 
58,246 
60,655 
49,843 
56,017 


2.12 
1.98 
1.97 
1.93 
1.75 


2,082,485 
1,858,518 
1,976,239 
1,848,437 
2,543,688 


2.37 
2.18 
2.21 
2.15 

1.94 


2.68 
2.48 
2.42 
2.40 
2.24 


274,758 
342,357 
536,960 
383,828 
422,404 


5,052 
9,836 


1956. . . 


7,660 


1957 


10,843 


1958. . . 


8 154 


1959 




1959 . 


56,706 
54,906 
55,707 
49,274 
53,364 


1,117,735 

1,354,709 
1,232,359 
1,091,958 
1,146,821 
1,217,792 
1,283,371 
1,315,613 
1,311,702 
1,522,382 
1,576,251 
1,458,872 


1.76 
1.74 
1.83 
2.04 
1.85 


1,969,546 
2,361,212 
2,254,675 
2,225,738 
2,125,315 


2.00 
1.94 
2.05 
2.25 
1.94 


2.26 
2.16 
2.41 
2.47 
2.34 


485,210 
631,138 
684,741 
603,717 
815,743 


7,408 
8,138 


1960 


1961 

1962 

1963 


5,523 
5,143 
3,587 


1964 




1964 

1965 

1966 


55,672 
57,361 
54,395 
87,796 
62,486 
54,312 


1.37 
1.35 
1.63 
1.39 
1.24 
1.23 


1,756,969 
1,774,537 
2,140,655 
2,110,197 
1,950,462 
1,786,156 


1.57 
1.61 
1.85- 
1.59 
1.46 


1.79 
1.86 
2.01 
1.88 
1.76 


684,874 
832,311 
712,786 
735,573 
519,043 


843 

547 

1,292 


1967 

1968 


461 

485 


1969 9 















1 Includes acreage seeded in preceding fall for harvest in the year shown. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

3 No. 2 Hard and Dark Hard Winter; computed by weighting selling prices by number of oarlots sold, as 
reported in the Kansas City Grain Market Review. 

4 No. 1 Dark Northern Spring; computed by weighting selling prices by number of carlots sold, as reported 
in the Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 

5 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Wheat flour converted to grain equivalent 
on the following basis: 1954 to June 30, 1957, 2.33; July 1, 1957 to June 30, 1964, 2.30; and July 1, 1964 to date, 
2.28 bushels of grain to 100 pounds of flour. 

6 Includes flour milled from imported wheat. Excludes exports for relief or charity by individuals and private 
agencies. 

7 Includes wheat imported for milling in bond and subsequent export. 

8 Excludes some minor producing States and parts of other States where wheat was not asked separately. 

9 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 1. 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 2. — Wheat : Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State and 


Acreage seeded l 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 3 for crop of — 


division 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




1,000 
acres 

268 
61 

505 


1,000 
acres 

230 
56 

414 


1,000 
acres 

196 
48 

344 


1,000 
acres 

250 
50 

480 


1,000 
acres 

212 
43 

394 


1,000 
acres 

182 
34 

327 


1,000 
bushels 

10,000 
1,950 

17,280 


1,000 
bushels 
8,480 
1,505 
12,608 


1,000 
bushels 
7,280 
1,292 
11,608 


Dollars 
1.31 
1.33 
1.31 


Dollars 
1.17 
1.24 
1.14 


Dollars 
1 19 


New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 


1.24 
1.26 




834 


700 


588 


780 


649 


543 


29,230 


22,593 


20,180 
















Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 


1,549 
1,267 
1,897 
1,133 

67 
1,062 

65 
1,912 
8,170 
2,711 
3,583 
13,146 


1,270 

1,039 

1,461 

918 

62 
1,077 

52 
1,434 
8,120 
2,524 
3,332 
11,963 


1,105 

956 

1.359 

679 

47 

852 

52 

1,190 

6,938 

2,184 

2,999 

10,767 


1,514 
1,237 
1,845 
1,120 

63 
1,052 

60 
1,682 
7,962 
2,637 
3,325 
11,081 


1,226 

977 

1,384 

885 

60 

1,031 

51 

1,278 

7,898 

2,418 

3,159 

9,751 


1,067 

899 

1,301 

628 

44 

838 

43 

1,035 

6,782 

1,963 

2,717 

9,849 


51,476 
45,769 
71,955 
40,320 
2,358 
33,795 
1,650 
53,824 

180,258 
73,892 
88,112 

221,620 


45,362 

34,195 

49,824 

31,860 

2,144 

33,953 

1,836 

42,174 

212,756 

65,729 

101,088 

253,526 


39,479 
35,061 
48,137 
25,120 
1,514 
24,607 
1,376 
33,120 

203,561 
42,915 
85,586 

305,319 


1.31 
1.29 
1.39 
1.26 
1.37 
1.52 
1.43 
1.41 
1.51 
1.40 
1.32 
1.35 


1.14 
1.12 
1.21 
1.07 
1.09 
1.39 
1.23 
1.19 
1.39 
1.31 
1.17 
1.22 


1.16 
1.14 
1.18 
1.13 
1.14 
1.44 
1.15 
1.16 
1.37 
1.34 
1.13 
1.16 


North Central . . . 


36,562 


33,252 


29, 128 | 33,578 


30,118 


27,166 


865,029 


874,447 


845,795 
















Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 


29 
165 
213 

24 
281 
120 
148 

50 


26 
145 
190 

19 
247 
110 
130 

65 


22 
126 
175 
17 
227 
88 
98 
54 


28 
153 
194 

20 
239 
112 
130 

40 


' 24 
132 
169 

16 
220 
104 
114 

54 


20 
117 
157 
14 
198 
82 
86 
43 


1,064 
5,967 
6,790 

660 
7,409 
3,024 
3,380 

960 


768 
4,224 
5,746 

456 
8,580 
3,016 
3,192 
1,350 


760 
4,563 
6,751 

420 
8,316 
3,034 
2,924 
1,204 


1.26 
1.23 
1.41 
1.49 
1,47 
1.54 
1.52 
1.54 


1.10 
1.14 
1.20 
1.23 
1.22 
1.24 
1.21 
1.27 


1.19 
1.21 
1.23 
1.26 
1.21 
1.24 
1.27 
1.22 




1,030 


932 


807 


916 


833 


717 


29,254 


27,332 


27,972 
















Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 


300 
328 
130 
562 
705 
165 
6,480 
5,578 


276 
321 
144 
495 
656 
165 
6,091 
4,909 


243 
273 

114 

153 

380 

82 

5,299 

4,124 


231 
294 
112 
462 
661 
100 
5,217 
3,326 


208 

273 

111 

416 

568 

96 

5,321 

3,825 


183 

224 

79 

125 

301 

38 

4,150 

2,869 


7,854 
8,526 
2,688 
13,860 
18,838 
2,600 
88,689 
53,216 


6,240 
7,371 
2,775 
11,232 
14,200 
2,112 
122,383 
84,150 


6,222 

7,168 

2,252 

3,875 

9,030 

874 

118,275 

68,856 


1.38 
1.46 
1.49 
1.44 
1.41 
1.45 
1.47 
1.46 


1.22 
1.24 
1.20 
1.14 
1.16 
1.20 
1.25 
1.26 


1.20 
1.25 
1.21 
1.15 
1.15 


Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


1.17 
1.20 
1.24 


South Central... 


14,248 


13,057 


10,668 


10,403 


10,818 


7,969 


196,271 


250,463 


216,552 
















Montana 


4,825 
1,398 

351 
3,349 

372 
55 

288 

19 

3,002 

1,080 

383 


4,722 
1,338 

327 
3,140 

339 
57 

276 

16 

2,875 

1,045 

410 


3,809 
1,166 

294 
3,115 

288 
81 

242 

13 

2,890 

834 

389 


4,734 
1,300 

310 
1,945 

141 
50 

279 

18 

2,922 

1,045 

350 


4,550 
1,236 

281 
2,019 

305 
52 

261 

13 

2,766 

982 

379 


3,645 
1,051 

242 
2,145 

159 
73 

229 

11 

2,462 

788 

355 


119,136 

57,550 

8,564 

38,029 

3,948 

2,450 

8,649 

1,140 

118,464 

32,950 

11,718 


125,869 

56.364 

8,511 

40,354 

7,625 

2,704 

7,490 

631 

108,975 

30,162 

12,731 


96,794 

47,982 

4,884 

45,045 

5,088 

4,526 

6,072 

630 

95,242 

30,030 

12,080 


1.29 
1.32 
1.22 
1.24 
1.37 
1.52 
1.40 
1.39 
1.42 
1.42 
1.45 


1 16 
1.15 
1.04 
1.12 
1.25 
1.32 
1.26 
1.29 
1.29 
1.28 
1.36 


1.21 
1.24 


Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 


1.08 
1.10 
1.30 
1.49 
1.30 
1.39 
1.26 
1.27 
1.45 




15,122 


14,545 


13,121 


13,094 


12,844 


11,160 


402,598 


401,416 


348,373 
















United States .... 


67,796 


62,486 


54,312 


58,771 


55,262 


47,555 


1,522,382 


1,576,251 


1,458,872 


1.39 


1.24 


1.23 



1 Includes acreage seeded in preceding fall for harvest in the year shown. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



WHEAT 3 

Table 3. — Wheat, by groups : Acreage and production, by States, 1967-69 



State and 
division 



Acreage seeded ' 



1967 1968 



Acreage harvested 



1967 1968 



Production 



1967 



New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

North Atlantic 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . . 
South Dakota . . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

North Central . 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia. . . 
North Carolina . . 
South Carolina . . 

Georgia 

Florida 

South Atlantic 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

South Central . 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Western 

United States . . 



Minnesota.. . . 
North Dakota . 
South Dakota. 

Montana 

California. . . . 



1,000 
acres 

268 
61 

505 



834 



1,549 

1,267 

1,897 

1,133 

48 

30 

65 

1,912 

75 

875 

3,583 

13,146 



25,580 



29 
165 
213 

24 
281 
120 
148 

50 



1,030 



300 
328 
130 
562 
705 
165 
6,480 
5,578 



14,248 



2,877 
1,091 

318 
3,304 

372 
55 

246 

12 

2,783 

1,000 

377 



12,435 



54,127 



United States 

See footnotes at end of table 



Winter wheat 



1,000 
acres 

230 
56 

414 



700 



1,270 

1,039 

1,461 

918 

44 

33 

52 

1,434 

112 

779 

3,332 

11,963 



22,437 



26 
145 
190 

19 
247 
110 
130 

65 



932 



276 
321 
144 
495 
656 
165 
6,091 
4,909 



13,057 



2,877 
1,080 

296 
3,106 

339 
57 

236 

12 

2,755 

980 

403 



12,141 



49,267 



1,000 
acres 



48 
344 



588 



1,105 

956 

1,359 

679 

33 

22 

52 

1,190 

110 

740 

2,999 

10,767 



20,01$ 



175 

17 
227 
88 
98 
54 



243 
273 
114 
153 

380 

82 

5,299 

4,124 



10, 



2,445 

929 

266 

3,075 

288 

81 

208 



774 
383 



11,045 



43,120 



1,000 
acres 

250 
50 

480 



780 



1,514 

1,237 

1,845 

1,120 

45 

29 

60 

1,682 

65 

831 

3,325 

11,081 



22,834 



28 
153 
194 

20 
239 
112 
130 

40 



231 
294 
112 
462 
661 
100 
5,217 
3,326 



10,403 



2,807 
1,000 

281 
1,916 

141 
50 

238 

12 

2,709 

975 

344 



10,473 



45,406 



1,000 

acres 

212 

43 



1,226 

977 

1,384 

885 

43 

27 

51 

1,278 

90 

723 

3,159 

9,751 



),594 



24 
132 
169 

16 
220 
104 
114 

54 



833 



273 

111 

416 

568 

96 

5,321 

3,825 



10,818 



2,751 
990 
256 

1,993 

305 

52 

224 

10 

2,655 
926 
372 



10,534 



42,428 



1,000 
acres 

182 
34 

327 



543 



1,067 

899 

1,301 

628 

31 

20 

43 

1,035 

96 

622 

2,717 

9,849 



18,308 



20 
117 
157 
14 
198 
82 
86 
43 



717 



183 

224 

79 

125 

301 

38 

4,150 

2,869 



7,969 



2,311 
822 
220 

2,113 

159 

73 

197 

5 

2,177 
732 
350 



1,159 



36,696 



1,000 
bushels 

10,000 
1,950 

17,280 



29,230 



51,476 
45,769 
71,955 
40,320 

1,800 
870 

1,650 
53,824 

1,950 

29,916 

88,112 

221,620 



609, J 



1,064 
5,967 
6,790 

660 
7,409 
3,024 
3,380 

960 



29,254 



7,854 
8,526 
2,688 
13,860 
18,838 
2,600 
88,689 
53,216 



196,271 



84,210 

43,000 

7,868 

37,362 

3,948 

2,450 

6,783 

840 

113,778 

31,200 

11,352 



342,791 



1,206,808 



1,000 
bushels 
8,480 
1,505 

12,608 



22,593 



45,362 

34,195 

49,824 

31,860 

1,634 

729 

1,836 

42,174 

2,430 

26,028 

101,088 

253,526 



590, ( 



768 
4,224 
5,746 

456 
8,580 
3,016 
3,192 
1,350 



27,332 



6,240 
7,371 
2,775 
11,232 
14,200 
2,112 
122,383 
84,150 



250,463 



,540 
,936 
,860 
,625 
,704 
,936 
550 
,200 
,706 
,276 



343,989 



1,235,063 



Durum wheat 3 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


bushels 


bushels 


64 


95 


90 


63 


92 


88 


2,205 


3,128 


2,353 


3,012 


2,831 


2,287 


2,927 


2,781 


54,888 


83,420 


160 


186 


244 


158 


179 


234 


4,424 


4,833 


243 


379 


235 


240 


365 


230 


4,560 


7,665 


6 


7 


6 


6 


7 


5 


366 


455 


2,826 


3,679 


3,406 


2,754 


3,570 


3,338 


66,443 


99,501 



4 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 3. — Wheat, by groups : Acreage and production, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 





Other spring wheat 


State and 
division 


Acreage seeded 


Acreage harvested 


Production 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


1,000 
acres 
19 
968 
5,742 
1,676 


1,000 
acres 
18 
949 
4,996 
1,559 


1,000 
acres 
14 
740 
3,997 
1,200 


1,000 
acres 
18 
960 
5,610 
1,648 


1,000 
acres 
17 
912 
4,881 
1,516 


1,000 
acres 
13 
730 
3,905 
1,107 


1,000 
bushels 
558 

30,720 
123,420 

39,552 


1,000 
bushels 
510 

30,096 
126,906 

34,868 


1,000 
bushels 
429 
21,535 
109,340 


South Dakota 


22,140 


North Central 


8,405 


7,522 


5,951 


8,236 


7,326 


5,755 


194,250 


192,380 


153,444 






Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 


1,705 

307 

33 

45 

42 

219 
80 


1,466 

258 

31 

34 

40 

4 

120 

65 


1,129 

237 

28 

40 

34 

300 
60 


1,687 

300 

29 

29 

41 

6 

213 

70 


1,434 
246 
25 
26 
37 
3 
111 
56 


1,104 

229 

22 

32 

32 

6 

285 

56 


30,366 

14,550 

696 

667 

1,866 

300 

4,686 

1,750 


31,548 

10,824 

575 

494 

1,554 

81 

2,775 

1,456 


29,808 

10,992 

484 

672 


Utah 


1,344 


Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 


330 
5,985 
1,848 


Western 


2,438 


2,018 


1,835 


2,375 


1,938 


1,766 


54,881 


49,307 


51,463 




10,843 


9,540 


7,786 


10,611 


9,264 


7,521 


249,131 


241,687 


204,907 







1 Acreage seeded in preceding fall for winter wheat. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Small additional quantities of durum wheat are grown in other than the States shown here but are included 
with "other spring" wheat. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 4. — Wheat, by groups: Acreage, yield, and production, United States, 1960-69 



Year 


Acreage 
seeded ' 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 

seeded 
acre 


Yield 

per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Acreage 
seeded 2 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 

per 

seeded 

acre 


Yield 
per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 




All wheat 


Winter wheat 


1960 

1961 


1.000 

acres 

54,906 

55,707 

49,274 

53,364 

55,672 

57.361 

54,395 

67,795 

62,486 

54,312 


1,000 

acres 

51,879 

51,571 

43,688 

45,506 

49,762 

49,560 

49,867 

58,771 

55,262 

47,555 


Bushels 
24.7 
22.1 
22.2 
21.5 
23.1 
22.9 
24.1 
22.5 
25.2 
26.9 


Bushels 
26.1 
23.9 
25.0 
25.2 
25.8 
26.5 
26.3 
25.9 
28.5 
30.7 


1,000 
bushels 
1,354,709 
1,232,359 
1,091.958 
1,146,821 
1,283,371 
1,315,613 
1,311,702 


1,000 
acres 
42,725 
43,489 
38,895 
42,289 
43,632 
45,142 
42.974 


1,000 
acres 
40,027 
40,754 
33,734 
34,807 
38,075 
37,586 
38,816 
45,406 
42,428 
36,696 


Bushels 
26.0 
24.7 
21.2 
21.6 
23.4 
22,5 
24.7 
22.3 
25.1 
26.6 


Bushels 
27.8 
26.4 
24.4 
26.3 
26.8 
27.1 
27.4 
26.6 
29.1 
31.3 


1,000 

bushels 

1,111,403 

1,074,807 


1962 

1963 


822,887 
914,090 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1,020,987 
1,017,085 
1,062,493 


1967 

1968 


1,522,382 1 54,127 
1,578,251 | 49,267 
1,458,872 ; 43,120 

1 


1,206,808 
1,235,063 


1969 3 


1,147,646 




Durum wheat 4 


Other spring wheat 5 


I960 


1,000 
acres 
1,681 
1,788 
2,434 
2,054 
2,519 
2,361 
2,491 
2,826 
3,679 
3,406 


1,000 
acres 
1,650 
1,624 
2,367 
1,999 
2,467 
2,296 
2,423 
2,754 
3,570 
3,338 


Bushels 
20.4 
11.9 
28.9 
25.0 
27.1 
29.6 
25.1 
23.5 
27.0 
31.2 


Bushels 
20.8 
13.1 
29.7 
25.7 
27.6 
30.4 
25.9 
24.1 
27.9 
31.9 


1,000 
bushels 
34,361 
21,339 
70,260 
51,427 
68,146 
69,866 
62,638 
66,443 
99,501 
106,319 


1,000 
acres 
10,500 
10,430 
7,945 
9,021 
9,521 
9,858 
8,930 
10,843 
9,540 
7,786 


1,000 
acres 
10,202 
9,193 
7.587 
8,700 
9,220 
9,678 
8,628 
10,611 
9,264 
7,521 


Bushels 
19.9 
13.1 
25.0 
20.1 
20.4 
23.2 
20.9 
23.0 
25.3 
26.3 


Bushels 
20.5 
14.8 
26.2 
20.8 
21.1 
23.6 
21.6 
23.5 
26.1 
27.2 


1,000 
bushels 
208,945 


1961 

1962 


136,213 
198,811 


1963 

1964 

1965. . . 


181,304 
194,238 
228,662 


1966 


186,571 


1967 


249,131 


1968 


241,687 


1969 3 


204,907 



See footnotes on page 6. 



WHEAT 



Table 5. — Wheat: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 1 





Acreage s 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 » 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


North America: 

Canada 

Mexico 


1,000 

acres 

26,797 

1,962 

48,481 


1,000 
acres 

29,422 
1,772 

55,262 


1,000 
acres 

24,968 
1,767 

47,555 


Bushels 
20.1 
28.3 
25.2 


Bushels 
22.1 
37.2 
28.5 


Bushels 
27.4 
41.6 
30.7 


1,000 
' metric 
tons 4 
14,651 
1,510 
33,254 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 

17,686 
1,793 

42,899 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 

18,623 
2,000 

39,705 






Total 5 


77,323 


86,550 


74,389 


23.5 


26.5 


29.8 


49,439 


62,412 


60,364 


South America: 


11,651 
1,015 
2,090 
1,107 


14,423 
1,903 
1,836 
1,322 


12,628 

2,471 

1,908 

830 


22.6 

8.6 

21.3 

14.1 


14.6 
13.4 
24.3 
13.1 


19.8 
16.4 
25.0 
17.8 


7,164 
238 

1,213 
424 


5,740 
693 

1,214 
470 


6,800 


Brazil 

Chile 


1,100 
1,300 


Uruguay 


403 


Total 5 


16,960 


20,466 


18,837 


20.4 


15.2 


19.5 


9,425 


8,492 


9.975 






Europe : 


683 

513 

299 

598 

10,459 

3,430 

2,690 

294 

10,996 

326 

21 

1,754 

10,251 

683 

257 

2,064 


755 

502 

237 

596 

10,104 

3,618 

2,538 

222 

10,576 

378 

12 

1,517 

9.760 

605 

245 

2,417 


708 

492 

242 

561 

9,998 

3,692 

2,496 

200 

10,423 

383 

7 

1,317 

9,251 

652 

240 

2,058 


38.3 
57.2 
59.8 
25.9 
41.8 
50.7 
23.5 
43.9 
27.6 
66.8 
38.5 
11.0 
14.8 
46.1 
49.0 
58.6 


50.9 
61.4 
71.9 
44.1 
54.5 
62.9 
21.9 
60.9 
33.5 
66.0 
49.0 
18.1 
20.6 
64.3 
61.0 
52.7 


49.3 
56.8 
65.1 
33.7 
53.4 
59.7 
25.8 
59.7 
33.6 
84.9 
36.7 
10.7 
18.6 
51.8 
56.3 
59.9 


712 
798 
487 
422 
11,906 

4,731 

1,717 
351 

8,259 
593 
22 
526 

4,120 
856 
343 

3,293 


1,045 

839 

464 

716 

14,985 

6,198 

1,515 
368 

9,655 

679 

16 

747 

5,477 

1,059 
407 

3,469 


950 


Belgium 


761 
429 


Finland 


515 


France 


14,535 
6,000 




1.751 


Ireland 

Italy 


325 
9,537 


Netherlands 

Norway 


677 

7 
382 




4,691 




919 




368 


United Kingdom ... 


3,353 


Total Western Europe 5 . . . 


45,366 


44,119 


42,755 


31.7 


39.7 


38.9 


39,181 


47,679 


45,248 




3,057 
1,739 
1,027 
2,594 
3,619 
7,256 
5,135 


2,614 
2,469 
1,408 
3,281 
4,660 
6,961 
4,967 


2,538 
2,607 
1,458 
3,264 
4,967 
6,425 
4,989 


25.2 
35.5 
46.1 
26.2 
28.2 
19.4 
25.9 


35.5 
46.9 
62.0 
37.5 
36.8 
25.6 
32.3 


36.4 
46.2 
54.6 
40.3 
36.3 
24.8 
35.9 


2,100 
1,682 
1,288 
1,849 
2,781 
3,823 
3,618 


2,527 
3,153 
2,377 
3,352 
4,670 
4,848 
4,360 


2,517 




3,280 




2,165 




3,579 


Poland 


4,670 




4,848 




4,360 






Total Eastern Europe 5 . . . . 


24,710 


26,701 


26,588 


25.6 


34.7 


35.7 


17,240 


25,410 


25,410 


Total Europe 5 


70,076 


70,820 


69,343 


29.6 


37.9 


37.6 


56,421 


73,089 


73,089 






U.S.S.R. (Europe and 


160,000 


166,128 

11,861 

4,965 

2,200 

20,015 

61,776 

37,060 

796 

389 

14,977 


163,827 

11,367 
5,162 

20^509 

58,068 

39,432 

709 

15,5il 


11.5 


16.9 


14.6 


50,000 


78,500 


76,600 






Asia: 


4,925 
3,060 
2,750 
19,243 
62,500 
33,123 
1,475 
328 
12,301 


20.4 
8.7 
9.7 
13.3 
12.7 
12.0 
34.4 
30.1 
12.1 


13.6 
10.1 
10.0 
15.4 
12.5 
16.3 
46.7 
32.6 
15.9 


12.6 
8.5 

'"" 14*9 
14.1 
17.4 
39.2 

" "is!9 


2,740 

726 

728 

6,940 

21,600 

10,809 

1,381 

269 

4,065 


4,400 

1,361 

600 

8,400 

21,000 

16,540 

1,012 

345 

6,477 


3,900 




1,189 


Syria 


600 




8,300 


China (Mainland) 


22,300 




18,652 


Japan 


758 




374 




6,711 






Total 5 


147,707 


160,264 


159,791 


13.0 


14.7 


15.4 


52,247 


64,239 


66,867 






Africa: 
Algeria 


4,733 
1,440 
3,905 
2,611 
2,851 


5,630 
1,455 

4,885 
1,606 
3,954 


"4^359 
1,581 
4,201 


10.0 

38.4 

9.7 

6.1 

11.1 


10.0 
38.4 
18.1 

8.8 
11.8 


"i3!o' 
8.1 
11.5 


1,290 

1,504 

1,036 

432 

862 


1,532 
1,518 
2,411 
383 
1,272 








Morocco 


1,613 




350 


South Africa, Republic of . . . . 


1,320 


Total* 


17,542 


19,998 


19,671 


11.9 


14.6 


13.2 


5,680 


7,930 


7,089 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 5. — Wheat: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 1 — Continued 





Acreage 2 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country- 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Aver- 
age 

1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Oceania: 
Australia „ 


1,000 

acres 

15,805 

197 


1,000 

acres 

26,797 

313 


1,000 

acres 

24,200 

274 


Bushels 
19.3 
46.3 


Bushels 
20.3 
52.2 


Bushels 
16.7 
43.9 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 
8,298 
248 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 
14,805 
445 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 
10,995 
327 






Total 


16,002 


27,110 


24,474 


19.6 


20.7 


17.0 


8,546 


15,250 


11,322 


World total 5 


505,610 


551,336 


530,332 


16.8 


20.5 


20.2 


231,758 


308,012 


291,866 



1 Years shown vet%r to years of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere 
countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus the crop 
harvested in the Northern Hemisphere in 1969 is combined with preliminary forecasts for the Southern Hemi- 
sphere harvests which begin late in 1969 and end early in 1970. 

2 Harvested acreage as far as possible. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 A metric ton is approximately 36.7437 bushels. 

5 Estimated totals include allowances for producing countries not shown. 

6 Production estimated. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 6. — Wheat: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Production 


Total 

used for 

seed 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Crop of — 


Used for 
seed 


Fed to 
livestock 


Home 
use x 


Sold from 
farms 


1960 

1961 


1 ,000 bushels 
1,354,709 
1,232,359 
1,091,958 
1,146,821 
1,283,371 
1,315,613 
1,311,702 
1,522,382 
1,576,251 
1,458,872 


1,000 bushels 
64,229 
56,353 
61,440 
64,963 
65,572 
61,870 
78,430 
71,509 
61,334 
55,437 


1 ,000 bushels 
42,183 
37,624 
36,936 
40,523 
41,198 
39,635 
46,822 
46,335 
39,723 
35,160 


1,000 bushels 
24,902 
22,364 
16,087 
15, 242 
31,422 
41,678 
26,089 
42,886 
60,834 
63,680 


1,000 bushels 
976 


1 ,000 bushels 
1,286,648 
1,172,371 


1962 




1,038,935 


1963 




1,091,056 


1964 




1,210,751 


1965 




1,234,300 


1966 




1,238,791 


1967 




1,433,161 


1968 




1,475,694 


1969 2 




1,360,032 



1 Ground at the mill for home use or exchanged for flour. 

2 Preliminary. 



Discontinued after 1960. 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967. table 6. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 4 

1 All wheat acreage seeded includes winter wheat acreage abandoned and later reseeded to spring wheat for 
harvest in the same crop year. 

2 Acreage seeded in preceding fall for winter wheat. 

3 Preliminary- 

4 Includes Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and California. 

5 Includes small quantities of durum wheat grown in States other than those mentioned in footnote 4. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 2. 



WHEAT 7 

Table 7. — Wheat : Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 

(preliminary) 



State 



New York 

New Jersey . . . , 
Pennsylvania. . 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota . 
South Dakota . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia . . 
North Carolina . 
South Carolina . 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico . . . 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington . . . 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



Production 



,000 bushels 

7,280 

1,292 

11,608 

39,479 

35,061 

48,137 

25,120 

1,514 

24,607 

1,376 

33,120 

203,561 

42,915 

85,586 

305,319 

760 

4,563 

6,751 

420 

8,316 

3,034 

2,924 

1,204 

6,222 

7,168 

2,252 

3,875 

9,030 

874 

118,275 

68,856 

96,794 

47,982 

4,884 

45,045 

5,088 

4,526 

6,072 

630 

95,242 

30,030 

12,080 



1,458,872 



Total 
used for 



/ ,000 bushels 

346 

92 

622 

2,018 

1,581 

1,826 

1,182 

77 

1,373 

76 

1,760 

8,261 

2,212 

2,936 

8,625 

44 

238 

306 

32 

340 

146 

176 

76 

350 

411 

189 

306 

650 

140 

4,822 

3,415 



3,024 

1,193 
206 

1,766 

223 

292 

275 

25 

2,347 
800 
658 



55,437 



Disposition on farms where grown 



Used for 
seed 



1 ,000 bushels 

173 

41 

435 

1,372 



107 

1,260 

591 

50 

343 

53 

1,056 

4,544 

1,548 

2,290 

6,986 

26 

126 

190 

24 

228 

66 

109 

32 

224 

222 

76 

122 

247 

70 

3,375 

2,151 

2,026 

537 

124 

1,324 

145 

44 

179 

8 

1,103 

336 

197 



35,160 



Fed to 
livestock 



1 ,000 bushels 

1,310 

90 

3,715 



132 

4,558 

2,407 

3,894 

227 

246 

193 

4,968 

407 

815 

2,396 

9,465 

30 

684 

1,890 

235 

2,578 

394 

643 

120 

560 

1,649 

518 

116 

361 

9 

3,667 

1,377 

1,355 

1,679 

391 

2,207 

102 

136 

607 

38 

1,429 

901 

181 



63,680 



Sold from 
farms 



1 ,000 bushels 

5,797 

1,161 

7,458 

32,975 

29,396 

44,470 

20,635 

1,237 

24,018 

1,130 

27,096 

198,610 

40,552 

80,900 

288,868 

704 

3,753 

4,671 

161 

5,510 

2,574 

2,172 

1,052 

5,438 

5,297 

1,658 

3,637 

8,422 

795 

111,233 

65,328 

93,413 

45,766 

4,369 

41,514 

4,841 

4,346 

5,286 

584 

92,710 

28,793 

11,702 

1,360,032 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated 
purposes on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



8 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 8. — Wheat and wheat flour: United States imports, 1959-68 





Wheat 


Flour (wheat 
equivalent 1 * 2 


Other 

products 

(wheat 

equivalent) 3 


Total 

wheat, flour, 

and other 

products 


Wheat for 


Year beginning July 


Suitable for 
milling 1 


Unfit for 

human 

consumption 


milling in 

bond and 

export as flour 


1959 


1,000 bushels 

1,042 

852 

819 

S02 

710 

96 

4 

892 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 


1,000 bushels 

5,889 

6,908 

4,612 

4,251 

2,877 

747 

543 

400 

461 

485 


1,000 bushels 
162 
136 
92 

90 
88 
74 

103 
87 
40 

101 


1,000 bushels 
211 
184 
203 
208 
246 
229 
284 
375 
438 
484 


1,000 bushels 
7,304 
8,080 
5,726 
5.351 
3,921 
1,146 

934 
1,754 

939 
1,070 


1,000 bushels 
310 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1953 


220 

7 




1964 





1965 

1966 

1967 







1968 










1 Imports of wheat of milling quality have been limited to a Quota of 800,000 bushels per year since May 29, 
1941, of which 795,000 bushels may come from Canada. Quantities in excess of the 800.000-bushel quota 
represent quota-free imports of seed wheat authorized by Presidential Proclamation 2550, April 16, 1942. 
During the war years 1943-44 and 1944-45 this import restriction was waived. 

2 Imports of flour have been limited to a quota of 4,000,000 pounds per year since May 29. 1941, of which 
3,815,000 pounds may come from Canada (total quota is 93,200 bushels, wheat equivalent). Flour for special 
experimental purposes may be imported ex-quota. Excludes flour "free for export." 

3 Consist of macaroni, spaghetti and similar products, and semolina. 

4 Less than 500 bushels. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 8. 



Table 9.- 



- Wheat and wheat flour: United States exports under specified Government 
programs, 1959-68 





Public Law 480 


Mutual 
security 
(AID) " 




Year 


Title I, sales 
for foreign 
currency 


Title II. 

disaster 

relief 
and other 
assistance 1 


Title III 


Title IV, 
long-term 
dollar sales 


Total 
specified 




Foreign 
donations 2 


Barter 3 


programs 


1959 .... 


1.000 bushels 
300,648 
327,214 


1,000 bushels 
8,569 
31,141 
28,218 
24,911 
31,682 
19,905 
32,888 
26,993 
31,006 
38,008 


1,000 bushels 

24,258 
30.358 
35,098 
33,810 
37,394 
36,027 
33,069 
22,206 
18,309 
17,202 


1,000 bushels 
25,662 
34,090 
41,337 
6,493 
35,167 
12,441 
45,522 
67,300 
77,001 
48,150 


1,000 bushels 


1,000 bushels 

13,140 

5,345 

2,492 

1,432 

238 

134 

532 

1,451 

723 

1,736 


1,000 bushels 
372,277 


1960. . . 




428 , 148 


1961 

1962 


379,110 
407,381 


7,286 

5,684 

12,177 

59,202 

77,125 

39,719 

118,819 

111,818 


493,541 
479,711 


1963 5 

1964 

1965 

1986 

1967 

1968 6 


387,925 
441,431 
382,550 
215,152 
225,310 
82,206 


504,583 
569,140 
571,686 
372,821 
471,168 
299,120 



1 Includes emergency relief, economic development, and World Food Program. 

2 Foreign donations are authorized under Sec. 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 as amended, and Sec. 302, 
Title III, P.L. 480. 

3 The barter program is authorized under the Charter Act of the Commodity Credit Corporation; Title III, 
P.L^480; and other legislation. 

4 Sales for foreign currencv and economic aid under the Act for International DeveloDment. P.L. 87-195, and 
Mutual Security Acts, P.L."665 and 165. 

5 Beginning in 1963, includes bulgur and rolled wheat. 
8 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Data for 1954-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 9. 



WHEAT 



Table 10. 



-International Grains Arrangement : Recorded exports of wheat and flour 
(grain equivalent), crop year 1968-69 * 











Member countries exports 








Member countries 
imports 


United 
States 


Argen- 
tina 


Aus- 
tralia 


Canada 


European 
Economic 
Community 


Spain 


Swe- 
den 


Greece 


Others 2 


Total 




Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 
2 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Ttiou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 


Thou- 
sand 
bushels 
( 3 ) 
2 


Thou- 
sand 
bmhels 
2 




37 
3,243 


'3^348 


53 


289 
18 










381 












6,609 












3 


3 




2,936 

2 

3,943 

2,317 

4,809 
11,885 
12,464 
16,449 
















2,936 








23 


189 




21 




80 


315 








3,943 








524 

7,414 

4,283 
13,276 
13,683 












2,841 


European Economic 
Community: 
Belgium 


2,022 

310 

37 

16,230 


262 

1 

1,222 

1 










1 

6 
17 
1 


14,508 










16,485 


Germany 

Italy 


27,016 




1,806 


5 


1,498 


49,668 




5 




14,966 

183 

470 

2,255 

92,147 

8 

456 

10,494 

67,161 

1 

54,608 

1,462 

292 

5 

990 

5,899 

466 

17,983 

4,439 

1,465 

105 

3,897 

1 


3,757 


7,026 


5,507 

639 

71 

26 

26,749 

5 

1,075 

522 

45,967 








31 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 


31,287 








( 3 ) 




822 










1,936 


2,477 














2,281 




4,364 


2,811 










745 

1 

53 


126,816 












14 






937 


3,944 
13 

876 








6,465 










11,029 




650 


43,023 










157,677 










1 


2 






373 

3,166 
314 


1 
23 










54,982 




2,595 

4,725 


839 
110 






( 3 ) 
6 


8,085 


Libya 




357 


5,804 
5 




18 




193 
104 

588 

( 3 ) 

9 

26 

235 

36 


2 










1,203 




65 






1 
799 
( 3 ) 


6,069 


Norway 


486 
' 13^402' 


4,224 

930 

5,705 


2,541 


2,249 




11,353 
18,913 


Peru . . . 










23,555 




2,545 

2,300 

1,158 

267 

1 

3,973 

200 

1,395 

35,456 

31,770 

361 


2,411 
312 






( 8 ) 
55 

( 3 ) 
6 

48 
( 3 ) 

16 


6,447 




426 


616 
2,212 






4,049 








7,303 










274 






134 
107 

12 


104 
5,359 
825 
692 
603 
58,676 

2,438 

475 

2,663 








287 


Switzerland 


2,172 
2,324 
7,615 
273 
7,113 

1,404 


382 




9 




12,002 
3,377 




956 

12,278 
9,859 






10,658 








765 
6,711 


1,921 


183 
432 

795 

7 
( 3 ) 


51,479 


United Kingdom 

United Kingdom 


4,651 


27,978 
4,500 


147,190 
9,498 










482 




23,980 








155 






26,798 
















Total 


382,719 


50,083 


105,607 


193,121 


94,313 


30,727 


\ 9,760 


3,776 


3,289 


873,395 







1 Represents exports during July 1968 through June 1989 under the terms of the International Grains 
Arrangement. 

2 Denmark, 1,513; Finland, 382; Ireland, 50; Japan, 794; Kenya, 1; Norway, 226; and United Kingdom and 
Territories, 323. 

3 Less than 500 bushels. 



Export Marketing Service. Data from International Wheat Council. 



10 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 11. — Wheat: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 




Carryover stocks, July 1 


Production 


Imports 2 




Year beginning July 


Controlled by CCC 


Privately 
held 


Total 


Total 




Owned 


Under 
loan or 
reseal ' 




1959 

1960 


Million 

bushels 

1,146.6 

1,195.4 

1,242.5 

1,096.6 

1,082.5 

828.9 

607.7 

262.1 

123.6 

102.3 

162.7 


Million 

bushels 
96.1 
92.0 
125.4 
95.0 
96.6 
62.6 
74.7 
78.3 

220 ! 9 
453.0 


Million 

bushels 

52. 4 

26.0 

43.4 

130.4 

16.1 

9.9 

134.9 

194.8 

223.7 

216.2 

202.9 


Million 

bushels 

1,295.1 

1,313.4 

1,411.3 

1,322.0 

1,195.2 

901.4 

817.3 

535.2 

425.0 

539.4 

818.6 


Million 

bushels 
1,117.7 
1,354.7 
1,232.4 
1,092.0 
1,146.8 
1,283.4 
1,315.6 
1,311.7 
1,522.4 
1,576.2 
1,458.9 


MiUion 

bushels 
7.3 
8.1 
5.7 
5.3 
4.0 
1.1 

.9 
1.7 

.9 
1.1 
2.9 


MiUion 

bushels 
2,420.1 
2,676 2 


1961 


2,649 4 


1962 


2,419 3 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 s 

1969 s 


2,346.0 
2,185.9 
2,133.8 
1,848.6 
1,948.3 
2,116.7 
2,280.4 




Disappearance 


Year beginning July 


Domestic use 


Exports of wheat, flour, and 
other products 6 


Total 




Food 4 


Seed and 
feed 5 


Total 


Under 
Government 
programs ' 


For dollars 


Total 8 


disap- 
pearance 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


Million 
bushels 
497.3 
497.2 
501.5 
500.3 
503.3 
509.2 
515.4 
501.9 
519.2 
519.8 


Million 

bushels 

99.6 

106.2 

106.5 

80.0 

85.2 

134.4 

215.8 

177.4 

128.6 

234.2 


Million 

bushels 
596.9 
603.4 
608.0 
580.3 
588.5 
643.6 
731.2 
679.3 
647.8 
754.0 


MiUion 

bushels 
374.6 
457.7 
491.1 
485.4 
503.4 
567.3 
569.0 
372.8 
471.2 
299.1 


Million 

bushels 
135.2 
203.8 
228.3 
158.4 
352.7 
157.7 
298.4 
371.5 
289.9 
245.0 


Million 

bushels 
509.8 
661.5 
719.4 
643.8 
856.1 
725.0 
867.4 
744.3 
761.1 
544.1 


MiUion 

bushels 
1,106.7 
1.264.9 
1,327.4 
1,224.1 
1,444.6 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1,368.6 
1,598.6 
1,423.6 


1967 


1,408.9 


1968 s 


1,298.1 







1 Under loan on July 1 from year-earbler crop and under reseal from previous crops. Includes small quantities 
sealed under bond in some years. 

2 Includes full-duty wheat, wheat imported for feed, and dutiable flour and macaroni products in terms of 
wheat. Excludes wheat imported for milling in bond and export as flour. 

s Preliminary. 

4 Includes shipments to U.S. Territories and wheat for military food use at home and abroad. 

5 Includes quantities of less than one million bushels used annually in distilled spirits and beer. Includes the 
quantities, "Totals used for seed," shown in table 6. The residual figure, after taking into account these 2 disap- 
pearance items, is assumed to roughly approximate total use for feed. The quantities, "Fed on farms where 
grown," are shown in table 6. 

6 Includes exports of flour and semolina and macaroni products in terms of wheat. Beginning 1961-62, 
includes bulgur and rolled wheat in terms of wheat. 

7 A breakdown of wheat and flour exports under the various Government programs is shown in table 9. 

8 Adjusted for transshipments of U.S. wheat through Canada, beginning 1961-62. 

Economic Research Service. Foreign trade figures from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce and 
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 11. 



WHEAT 



11 



Table 12. — Wheat : Supply and distribution, by classes, United States, 1959-68 



Item 


1959 








Year beginning July 










1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 > 


All wheat: 


Million 

bushels 

1,295 

1,118 

7 


Million 

bushels 

1,313 

1,355 

8 


Million 

bushels 

1,411 

1,232 

6 


Million 

bushels 

1,322 

1,092 

5 


Million 

bushels 

1,195 

1,147 

4 


Million 

bushels 

901 

1,284 

1 


Million 

bushels 

817 

1,316 

1 


Million 

bushels 

535 

1,312 

2 


Million 

bushels 

425 

1,522 

1 

1,948 


Million 

bushels 

539 


Production 


1,577 






Supply 


2,420 


2,676 


2,649 


2,419 


2,346 


2,186 


2,134 


1,849 


2,117 


Exports 2 

Domestic disappear- 
ance 3 


510 

597 


662 

603 


719 

608 


644 

580 


856 
589 


725 
644 


867 
732 


744 
680 


761 

648 


544 

754 


Stocks, June 30 


1,313 


1,411 


1,322 


1,195 


901 


817 


535 


425 


539 


819 


Hard red winter: 
Stocks, July 1 


936 
620 


1,001 

795 


1,104 
754 


1,085 
535 


936 
544 


670 
635 


532 
673 


267 
678 

945 


257 
706 

963 


328 

811 








1,556 


1,796 


1,858 


1,620 


1,480 


1,305 


1,205 


1,139 






Exports 2 

Domestic disappear- 
ance 3 


290 
265 


432 

260 


486 

287 


437 
247 


562 

248 


498 
275 


595 
343 


377 
311 


373 

262 


268 
324 


Stocks, June 30 


1,001 


1,104 


1,085 


936 


670 


532 


267 


257 


328 


547 


Soft red winter: 


21 
156 


10 
190 


12 

202 


24 
156 


5 

218 


4 
223 


7 
185 


8 
217 


15 
274 


30 




224 






Supply 


177 


200 


214 


180 


223 


227 


192 


225 


289 


254 


Exports 2 

Domestic disappear- 


40 
127 


54 
134 


56* 
134 


41 
134 


84 
135 


80 
140 


45 

139 


68 
142 


121 
138 


50 

171 






Stocks, June 30 


10 


12 


24 


5 


4 


7 


8 


15 


30 


33 


Hard red spring: 


251 
151 

7 


218 

188 

8 


237 

116 

6 


187 

179 

5 


195 

168 

4 


180 
180 

1 


200 
209 

1 


186 

177 

2 


109 
230 

1 


129 


Production 


228 
1 








409 


414 


359 


371 


367 


361 


410 


365 


340 


358 






Exports 2 

Domestic disappear- 
ance 3 


49 
142 


32 

145 


42 
130 


39 
137 


48 
139 


25 

136 


86 
138 


120 
136 


73 
138 


80 
138 


Stocks, June 30 


218 


237 


187 


195 


180 


200 


186 


109 


129 


140 


Durum: 


22 
20 


18 
34 


20 
21 


5 

70 


46 
52 


41 

68 


68 
70 


54 

63 


29 
66 


24 




100 








42 


52 


41 


75 


98 


109 


138 


117 


95 
31 
40 


124 






Exports 2 


1 
23 


6 

26 


16 
20 


4 
25 


29 
28 


10 
31 


34 
50 


47 
41 


46 


Domestic disappear- 
ance 3 


37 


Stocks, June 30 


18 


20 


5 


46 


41 


68 


54 


29 


24 


41 


White: 
Stocks, July 1 


65 
171 


66 
148 


38 
139 


21 
152 


13 
165 


6 

178 


10 
179 


4 20 
177 


4 15 
246 


4 28 


Production 


214 


Supply 


236 


214 


177 


173 


178 


184 


189 


197 


261 


242 






Exports 2 


130 
40 


138 
38 


119 
37 


123 
37 


133 

39 


112 

62 


107 
62 


132 
50 


163 
70 


100 


Domestic disappear- 
ance 3 


84 






Stocks, June 30 


66 


38 


21 


13 


6 


10 


4 20 


4 15 


4 28 


58 



1 Preliminary. 

2 In addition to wheat grain, includes grain equivalent of flour made from U.S. wheat; also, semolina and 
macaroni in terms of wheat. 

3 Wheat for food (including for military use at home and abroad and shipments to U.S. Territories), feed, 
seed, and industry. 

4 Based largely on Pacific Northwest wheat survey, but includes allowance for white wheat in the East and 
other West. 

Economic Research Service. 



12 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 13. — Wheat: Stocks on and off farms, United States, 1960-69 



Year beginning 
October 


On farms 


Off farms 2 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 » 


Oct.l 


Jan. 1 


Apr.l 


July 1 1 










All wheat 








I960 


1,000 
bushels 
550,306 
466,889 
406,364 
410,988 
503,656 
558,292 
540,128 
604,612 
733,402 
751,745 


1,000 

bushels 

421,909 

359,251 

316,600 

310,198 

389,672 

405,314 

408,539 

507,611 

581,287 

608,077 


1,000 
bushels 
258,090 
211,852 
195,353 
153,641 
263,450 
255,582 
238,769 
362,427 
463,416 
454,302 


1,000 
bushels 
137,098 
102,444 
95,544 
75,669 
132,515 
130,771 
145,479 
230,379 
327,835 


1,000 

bushels 

1,794,910 

1,849,986 

1,663,843 

1,532,621 

1,305,855 

1,145,702 

896,351 

954,667 

951,545 

1,118,734 


1,000 

bushels 

1,645,964 

1,623,079 

1,500,038 

1,304,088 

1,059,621 

930,676 

640,577 

704,490 

764,411 

923,375 


1,000 

bushels 

1,448,504 

1,430,357 

1,309,093 

1,052,158 

881,757 

661,743 

461,370 

477,090 

648,973 

740,086 


1,000 
bushels 
1,274,241 


1961 


1,219,562 


1 962 


1,099,679 


1963 


825,716 


1964 

1965 


684,740 
404,399 


1966 


279,525 


1967 

1968 


309,000 
490,739 


1969 3 
















Durum wheat 4 








1961 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
11,588 
48,204 
46,968 
47,873 
57,608 
39,769 
49,015 
64,864 
90,951 


1,000 
bushels 
7,361 
40,587 
10,846 
39,921 
48,993 
28,617 
32,891 
50,664 
70,910 


1,000 
bushels 

1,791 
17,697 

1,791 
19,519 
24,029 
18,349 
18,181 
29,599 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
6,780 
16,967 
32,360 
46,500 
42,402 
24,342 
14,338 
21,030 
20,285 


1,000 
bushels 
5,400 
18,162 
50,614 
42,213 
34,294 
16,646 
13,386 
17,429 
16,569 


1,000 
bushels 
3,411 


1962 


54,117 
52,648 
57,043 
75,997 
61,896 
58,269 
90,798 
106,031 


16,342 
35,649 
47,335 
48,387 
33,806 
19,475 
18,451 
23,187 


28,177 


1963 


39,178 


1964 

1965 

1966 


48,249 
30,388 
10,530 


1967 


6,143 


1968 


11,582 


1969 3 











1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by Com- 
modity Credit Corporation which are in bins, ships, and other storages under CCC control. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Beginning Jan. 1, 1962, reported separately. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 13. 



WHEAT AND FLOUR 



13 



Table 14. — Wheat and flour in terms of grain: International trade, average 1960-64, 

annual 1967 and 1968 





Year beginning July 


Country 


Average 1960-64 


1967 


1968 l 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Principal exporters: 


1,000 

bushels 

404,982 

715,683 

96,529 

223,791 

606 

478 

100,042 

6,169 

4.835 

180 

7,823 

135,268 

1,051 

1,073 

1,411 

3,230 

29 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 

327,473 

742,156 

50,332 

256,251 

37 

15,579 

155,431 

7,998 

44,691 

37,552 

11,865 

186,805 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 

319,695 

539,892 

97,959 

195,769 

1,679 

7,349 

222,213 

12,280 

18,372 

33,069 

13,382 

195,330 


1,000 
bushels 


United States 2 


4,798 


724 


940 
















849 

4,670 
10,831 
34,745 

1,812 
20,142 

4,899 
83,951 
10,823 

7,447 

4,918 
80,358 
19,178 


3,564 

661 

16,920 

34,522 

8,782 

110 

2,069 

77,888 


5,200 


Bulgaria 


8,500 
22,046 


Italy... , 

Romania 


57,775 
5,000 


Sweden 

U.S.S.R 


68 
50,000 










33,327 
10,398 
9,685 
( 4 ) 




44,500 








21,400 




174 


33 


16,370 


Turkey 


( 4 ) 










Total 3 


1,703,180 


289,421 


1,836,344 


198,650 


1,657,022 


231,799 






Principal importers: 




4,388 

4,523 

11,114 

400,582 

72,336 

1,567 

17,305 

2,323 

7,030 

82,000 

469 

7,574 

32,000 

12,183 

11,053 

165,000 

33,955 

59,744 

65,929 

156,868 

2,915 

9,239 

115,302 

19,865 

6,548 

10,613 

49,575 

11,430 




5,512 
3,342 




6,283 
3,044 






10 


15 


Cuba 












111,301 

22,728 

4,887 

19,881 

636 

2,125 

67,292 

204 

8,929 

34,594 

12,328 

14,541 

149,760 

15,407 

102,221 

8,429 

238,202 

( 4 ) 




87,592 


Peru 




6 
213 

8,211 
5 

22^458' 

12,351 

22^377 




20,445 


Austria 


996 

5,545 

1,639 

2,488 

32,526 


16 

6,128 
989 


1,055 
30,813 




207 


Finland 


1,240 




27,622 
2,613 


93,304 




3,210 


Ireland 


1,852 
2,936 


7,572 


Netherlands 


20,793 


47,000 

(4) 


Switzerland 


4 

1,418 

794 

423 


564 




13,183 




134 
184 
500 


168,123 


Yugoslavia 


184 


United Arab Republic 


478 


139,000 
400 










139,486 
( 4 ) 
13,510 










Israel 


217 
2,767 


4^459 


( 4 ) 

148,021 
28,076 
( 4 ) 

11,229 
79,179 
23,977 






3,020 

( 4 ) 

61 


153,700 




35,976 
( 4 ) 




66 
243 


( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 


Malaysia 


( 4 ) 

27,767 








15,752 










Total 3 


53,914 


1,373,430 


71,132 


1,112,801 


62,075 


1,008,846 







1 Preliminary. 

2 United_ States exports exclude exports of flour milled in bond from imported v:heat. 

3 Total for indicated countries only. 

4 Not available. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign govern- 
ments, other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, 
results of office research, and related information. 



14 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 15. — Wheat and flour: 1 United States exports (domestic) by country of desti 
nation, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 



Country of destination 



Wheat: 

Canada 

Central America 

Caribbean 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other Americas 

Total Americas 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Finland 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Total Europe 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea, Republic of . . . 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Syria 

China (Taiwan) 

Turkey 

Other Asia 

Algeria 

Morocco 

South Africa, Repub- 
lic of 

Tunisia 

United Arab Republic 
Other Africa 

World total 

Relief or charity 3 



Year beginning 


July 


Average 


1967 


1968 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


o 


4,034 


9,428 


10,588 


2,589 


6,973 


5,820 


45,703 


47,489 


28,723 


4,944 


4,393 


3,416 


4,486 


4,690 


7,873 


597 


1,990 


2,180 


1,300 


1,363 


1 


5,038 


9,079 


3,778 


9,320 


21,852 


24,140 


240 


4,393 


4,932 


78,251 


111,650 


91,451 


34 






4,886 


5,728 


7,390 


358 


134 


184 


5,651 


9,631 


12,008 


9,431 


12,839 


11,878 


1,733 




435 


442 


369 


81 


13,486 


7,615 


16,513 


17,672 


20,115 


22,332 


2,119 


2,617 


645 


23,466 


858 




5,582 




426 


12,911 






387 


12 




4,876 


2,699 


5,498 


13,649 


10,407 


4,485 


28,272 


10,422 




17,154 


807 


9 


162,109 


84,253 


81,884 


145,014 


206,136 


85,099 


5,605 


1 




8,230 


8,354 


10,211 


46,085 


81,715 


67,365 


17,445 


30,249 


48,145 


323 


2,351 


1,383 


47,619 


76,387 


18,555 


7,843 


21,919 


18,355 


2,088 


698 


28 


10,970 


19,173 


13,619 


20,436 


785 


12,179 


5,642 


7,363 


4,926 


8,561 


10,374 


9,627 


7,753 


16,119 


2,526 


1,044 






7,668 


8,188 


7,531 


28,569 


864 




7,006 


4,349 


6,462 


618,261 


690,928 


479,346 


4,237 


4,571 


3,553 



Country of destination 



Wheat flour, wholly of 
U.S. wheat: 

Central America 

Jamaica 

Trinidad and Tobago. 

Other Caribbean 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Guyana 

Other Americas 

Total Americas 

Greece 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland , 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Total Europe 

Ceylon 

Iran 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea, Republic of . . . 

Lebanon 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

China (Taiwan) 

Vietnam, South 

Other Asia 

Total Asia 

Algeria 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Ghana 

Morocco 

Sudan 

United Arab Republic 
Other Africa 

Total Africa 

Oceania 

World total 

Relief or charity 3 . . . . 



Year beginning July 



Average 
1960-64 



1,000 
bushels 

2,547 

857 

1,305 

1,134 

3,848 

443 

1,266 

755 

1,113 

2,460 



15,728 



1,887 
4,189 
2,070 
862 
702 
1,249 
1,862 
1,131 



13,952 



2,588 
853 
2,309 
3,450 
1,630 
1,181 
792 
3,359 
1,180 
3,143 
8,307 



28,792 



992 
2,079 

409 

2,274 

1,315 

29,183 

2,636 



38,888 



63 



97,423 



28,337 



1967 



1,000 
bushels 

1,056 

1,010 

1 

955 

4,320 
614 
662 
442 
992 

1,059 



11,111 



35 
11 

40(1 
049 
405 
87 
45 
414 



2,196 



5,382 
89 
48 
1,021 
4,815 
2,349 

571 
4,872 

216 
5,654 
5,668 



30,1 



2,423 

865 

1,540 



34 

2,261 



7,123 



11.3 



51,228 



11,455 



1 Flour reported in terms of grain equivalent. 

2 Transshipments through Canada have been included in data for countries of ultimate destination. 

3 Included in world total by country of destination. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



WHEAT AND FLOUR 
Table 16. — Wheat: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 



15 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farmers 


Put under support 2 


Acquired 

by CCC 

under 

support 

program 3 


Owned 
by CCC 

June 30 


Year beginning July 


Per 

bushel 


Percentage 
of parity l 


Quantity 


Percentage 
of produc- 
tion 


1960 


Dollars 

1.78 

1.79 

2.00 

4 2.00 

M.73 

5 1.69 

5 1.84 

5 1.73 

5 1.80 

5 1.90 

5 2.00 


Percent 
75 
76 
83 
80 
69 
66 
72 
66 
68 
69 
71 


Dollars 

1.74 

1.83 

2.04 

1.85 

6 1.37 

6 1.35 

6 1.63 

6 1.39 

6 1.24 

fi7 1.23 


Million 

bushels 
424 
271 
300 
172 
206 
173 
133 
282 
452 
MOO 


Percent 
31.3 
22.0 
27.2 
15.0 
16.1 
13.1 
10.1 
18.5 
28.7 
7 27.4 


Million 

bushels 

261 

120 

245 

85 

88 

11 

3 

19 

62 

'30 


Million 
bushels 
1,243 


1961 


1,097 


1962 

1963 


1,082 
829 


1964 


646 


1965 


340 


1966 


124 


1967 

1968 


102 
163 


1969 




1970 

















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

3 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Includes price-support payment of 18 cents per bushel to program participants. 

5 Represents the total crop average support level to program participants — loan rate of $1.30 for the 1964 crop 
and $1.25 thereafter, plus the average value of marketing certificates. 

6 Does not include the value of marketing certificates. 

7 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 16. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



Table 17. — Wheat and wheat flour: Average price, selected markets and grades, 

1959-68 











Wheat, price per bushel 








Flour, per 
























100 pounds 


Year 






S 












e 








beginning July 


.48 

IS 


o E 

•-= O 

g. Z M 




o £ 




CQ 




1 
|2 


Cvl o 
3£ 




-o c 

eg -4§ 

.-s*l 


«T3 






B ca fa 


a c« 


3 

0-3 


S eS eS 


1* 






'"Si 


aj i- 08 


tie a 


Mil 

.5 is a 




£ 


S 


2 


ai 


M 


6 


% 


O 


o 


m 


s 


§ 




Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


.Dol. 


ZM. 


Dol. 


Z)oJ. 


Do?. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Do*. 


1959 


2.00 
2.04 


2.26 
2.16 


2.46 
2.32 


1.87 
1.84 


2.00 
1.94 


1.90 
1.90 


2.42 
2.46 


2.229 
2.125 


1.70 
1.65 


1.49 
1.51 


5.03 
5.04 


5.44 


1960 


5.36 


1961 


2.10 


2.40 


3.20 


1.95 


2.05 


2.00 


2.60 


2.344 


1.78 


1.61 


5.37 


5.70 


1962 


2.17 


2.47 


2.56 


1.95 


2.25 


2.14 


2.74 


2.406 


1.81 


1.62 


5.65 


5.92 


1963 


2.08 


2.34 


2.35 


1.73 


1.94 


1.84 


2.62 


2.224 


1.85 


1.69 


5.25 


5.52 


1964 


1.51 


1.79 


1.69 


1.43 


1.57 


1.46 


2.08 


1.683 


1.86 


1.60 


5.41 


5.68 


1965 


1.53 


1.86 


1.75 


1.47 


1.61 


1.50 


2.14 


1.747 


1.82 


1.58 


5.66 


6.01 


1966 


1.76 


2.01 


2.09 


1.82 


1.85 


1.82 


2.33 


1.958 


1.94 


1.72 


5.92 


6.46 


1967 


1.62 


1.88 


2.05 


1.39 


1.59 


1.47 


2.08 


1.834 


1.79 


1.66 


5.46 


6.12 


1968 4 


1.47 


1.76 


1.93 




1.46 


1.25 


1.92 


1.762 


1.80 


1.60 


5.62 


6.05 







1 Markets are Chicago, Minneapolis, Kansas City, St. Louis, Omaha, and Duluth. 

2 Basic export selling price of Australian Wheat Board, bulk f.o.b. basis. 

3 Prior to 1960, short patents. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled as follows: Grain Market News (C&MS) ; Minneapolis Daily Market 
Record; St. Louis Daily Market Reporter; Kansas City Grain Market Review; Chicago Board of Trade; New 
York Journal of Commerce; Canadian Grain Statistics; The Wheat Industry of Australia and Bureau of Labor 
Statistics Wholesale Price Bulletin. Minneapolis, St. Louis, Kansas City, and Chicago prices are weighted 
averages. Foreign prices are compiled in original currencies and units. Prices converted to cents per bushel 
of 60 pounds at current monthly rates of exchange as reported by the Federal Reserve Board. Data for 
1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 17. 



16 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 18. — Rye: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1954-69 

















Average 


Foreign trade, 












Season 




price per 


including 


flour and 












average 




bushel 


malt 


, year 




Acreage 


Acreage 


Yield 




price per 




of No. 2 


beginning July 4 


Year 


seeded 


har- 


per har- 


Pro- 


bushel 


Farm 


rye at 










for all 


vested 


vested 


duction 


received 


value 


Minne- 








purposes x 


for grain 


acre 




by 
farmers 2 




apolis, 

year 

beginning 

July 3 


Domestic 
exports 5 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 6 




1,000 


1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 


1,000 




acres 


acres 


Bushels 


bushels 


Dollars 


dollars 


Dollars 


bushels 


bushels 


1954. 7 




1,450 


15.1 


21,844 












1954 


4,178 
5,133 


1,795 
2,049 


14.5 

14.2 


25,963 
29,089 


1.21 

1.06 


31.241 
30,801 


1.32 

1.10 


3.015 
7,029 


3,448 


1955 


3,393 


1956 


4,546 


1,624 


13.1 


21,288 


1.16 


24,853 


1.41 


10,704 


3,420 


1957 


4,415 


1,718 


16.6 


28,516 


1.08 


30,827 


1.30 


3,534 


3,255 


1958 


4,390 


1,797 


18.5 


33,182 


1.02 


34,172 


1.24 


8,465 


3,254 


1959 . 




1,392 
1,457 


15.7 
15.8 


21,809 
23,076 












1959 


4,013 


1.00 


23,354 


1.24 


5,266 


4,222 


1960 


4,111 


1,688 


19.6 


33,108 


.882 


29,683 


1.09 


7,723 


2,678 


1961 


4,157 


1,543 


17.7 


27,336 


1.01 


27,726 


1.25 


7,493 


743 


1962 


4,880 
4,376 


1,981 
1.588 
1,640 


20.5 
18.4 
18.9 


40,698 
29,178 
30,916 


.947 
1.08 


39,040 
31,891 


1.19 
1.31 


20.652 
10,043 


548 


1963 


649 


1964... 




1964 


4,552 


1,696 


19.1 


32,476 


1.04 


34,041 


1.19 


2,111 


2,415 


1965 


4,212 


1,469 


22.6 


33.223 


.975 


32,823 


1.16 


3,814 


1,754 


1966 


3,960 


1,275 


21.8 


27,775 


1.07 


29,881 


1.22 


4.392 


1,627 


1967 


3,663 
3,454 


1,071 
1,014 


22.6 
23.0 


24,154 
23,365 


1.07 
1.02 


26,153 
24,016 


1.17 
1.16 


2,837 
1,246 


547 


1968 


1,114 


1969 8 .... 


4,070 


1,334 


23.5 


31,405 


.983 


31,298 

















1 Includes rye sown in preceding fall and in the spring of year shown. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by Quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

3 Averages of daily prices weighted by carlot sales, as reported in the Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 

4 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Rye malt converted to grain on the basis 
of 1 bushel of grain to 1 bushel of malt. 

5 Rye malt not separately reported. 

6 Includes rye malt. 

7 Excludes some minor producing States and parts of other States where rye was not asked separately. 
s Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 18. 



RYE 



17 



Table 19. — Rye: Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage seeded 1 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 


s for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1963 


1969 2 




1,000 

acres 

130 

95 

69 


1,000 

acres 

129 

87 
48 


1,000 

acres 

134 

90 

60 


1,000 
acres 

14 
9 

18 


1,000 
acres 

15 
9 

12 


1,000 

acres 

18 

10 

16 


1,000 

bushels 

406 

243 

558 


1,000 

bushels 

405 

207 

360 


1,000 

bushels 

540 

220 

512 


Dollars 
0.97 
1.09 
1.07 


Dollars 

1.00 

1.03 

.96 


Dollars 
1.01 




1.14 


Pennsylvania 


1.01 




294 


264 


284 


41 


36 


44 


1,207 


972 


1,272 
















Ohio 


97 

104 

105 

222 

72 

97 

21 

120 

204 

241 

184 

126 


105 

82 

105 

189 

70 

84 

16 

96 

175 

219 

160 

94 


116 

90 

109 

195 

68 

94 

18 

101 

268 

302 

240 

169 


12 
19 
25 
38 
20 
81 
5 
17 
179 
215 
88 
30 


11 

17 
25 
34 
19 
72 
4 
15 
161 
191 
88 
33 


16 

18 

26 

40 

IS 

84 

6 

16 

238 

269 

140 

59 


288 

437 

588 

874 

460 

1,904 

100 

340 

4,117 

6,450 

1,320 

405 


297 

391 

525 

833 

437 

1,800 

92 

300 

4,186 

5,539 

1,320 

512 


448 

414 

611 

1,040 

378 

2,142 

138 

368 

5,355 

7,666 

2,730 

1,121 


.99 

1.10 

1.03 

.93 

1.04 

1.01 

1.09 

1.04 

.90 

.96 

.96 

.95 


.98 

1.02 

.98 

.89 

1.00 

.96 

.96 

1.00 

.87 

.91 

.93 

.93 


1.04 




1.09 


Illinois 

Michigan 


1.04 

.94 

1.00 


Minnesota 


.94 

.97 


Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


1.00 

.83 
.88 
.94 
.86 








1,593 


1,395 


1,770 


729 


670 


930 


17,283 


16,232 


22,411 


















49 
103 
280 
120 

90 
240 


52 
103 
294 
106 

95 
283 


50 
98 
288 
106 
100 
325 


9 

16 
20 
18 
19 
67 


7 

14 
21 

18 
21 

74 


8 

15 
19 
16 
21 
72 


234 
416 
490 
360 
399 
1,240 


161 
336 
514 
378 
452 
1,554 


216 
420 
494 
304 
483 
1,692 


1.18 
1.16 
1.49 
1.57 
1.71 
2.26 


1.17 
1.16 
1.34 
1.33 
1.51 
1.81 


1.21 


Maryland 


1.21 
1.32 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


1.26 
1.42 
1.85 








882 


933 


967 


149 


155 


151 


3,139 


3,395 


3,609 


















86 

58 

237 

248 


74 

52 

204 

263 


66 

52 
249 
329 


8 

5 

43 

25 


7 

6 

40 

33 


7 

6 

49 

38 


192 

95 
559 
350 


175 
114 
680 

528 


175 
120 
980 

684 


1.25 
1.39 
1.01 
1.10 


1.19 
1.34 
1.00 
1.06 


1.28 




1.32 




1.03 




1.09 








629 


593 


696 


81 


86 


100 


1,196 


1,497 


1,959 


















12 
16 

27 
63 
52 
95 


14 
10 

28 
82 
50 
85 


19 
14 
31 
131 

68 
90 


5 
8 
14 
12 
16 
16 


5 

5 
15 
16 
12 
14 


7 
7 

15 
29 
36 
15 


95 
192 
210 
192 
352 
288 


90 
100 
285 
256 
216 
322 


175 
210 
195 
464 
720 
390 


.80 
1.19 
1.02 

.91 

1.17 
1.16 


.72 
1.10 
1.02 

.92 
1.10 
1.12 


.69 




1.06 




.93 




.87 




1.02 




1.08 








265 


269 


353 


71 


67 


109 


1,329 


1,269 


2,154 
















United States 


3,663 


3,454 


4,070 


1,071 


1,014 


1,334 


24,154 


23,365 


31,405 


1.07 


1.02 


.983 



1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of rye sown for all purposes, including spring-sown 
rye and acreage seeded in preceding fall. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



18 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 20. — Rye: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 





Acreage 2 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 

1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


Aver- 
age 

1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

616 

1,699 


1,000 

acres 

679 

1,014 


1,000 

acres 

927 

1,334 


Bushels 
17.9 
19.2 


Bushels 
19.2 
23.0 


Bushels 
17.8 
23.6 


1,000 

metric 

tons* 

274 

827 


1,000 

metric 

tons* 

331 

593 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 
419 


United States 


798 






Total . 


2,315 


1,693 


2,261 


18.7 
12.0 


21.5 
9.5 


21.2 


1,101 


924 


1 217 






South America: 


1,553 


1,492 




474 


360 


347 






Europe: 


451 

114 

356 

230 

620 

2,906 

59 

141 

291 

3 

745 

1,149 

160 

37 

19 


351 

67 

96 

178 

403 

2,377 

25 

104 

185 

2 

591 

917 

168 

42 

10 


364 

54 

96 

183 

390 

2,157 

20 

94 

153 

5 

563 

823 

173 

37 

10 


35.0 
47.3 
46.2 
24.0 
23.7 
43.7 
16.0 
24.9 
47.9 
39.3 
8.6 
13.5 
37.9 
54.3 
41.4 


46.3 
51.1 
53.7 
29.6 
31.9 
52.8 
14.2 
28.4 
50.9 
78.5 
13.3 
15.6 
49.2 
55.3 
43.3 


47.6 
53.2 
51.7 
30.1 
32.2 
52.7 
15.8 
29.7 
53.3 
39.4 
11.5 
16.6 
40.5 
57.5 
43.3 


401 

137 

418 

140 

373 

3,225 

24 

89 

354 

3 

163 

393 

154 

51 

20 


413 

87 

131 

134 

327 

3,189 

9 

75 

239 

4 

199 

364 

210 

59 

11 


440 




73 




126 




140 




319 




2 889 




8 


Italy 


71 




207 




5 




164 




348 




178 




54 


United Kingdom 


11 




7,289 


5,521 


5,124 


32.1 


38.9 


38.7 


5,952 


5,456 


5 037 






Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 


160 

1,071 

2,088 

621 

11,608 

216 

437 


59 
835 
1,816 
469 
10,625 
109 
326 


59 
677 

1,581 

477 

10,625 

111 

304 


15.8 
33.5 
33.6 
17.3 
25.1 
16.6 
16.7 


15.3 
36.3 
42.0 
20.0 
31.6 
17.3 
16.7 


18.7 
39.1 
36.9 
20.6 
32.0 
17.7 
17.5 


64 

911 
1,784 

273 

7,401 

91 

185 


23 
769 
1,936 
238 
8,520 
48 
138 


28 

672 

1,480 


Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

Yugoslavia 


249 

8,640 

50 

135 




16,201 


14,239 


13,834 


26.0 


32.3 


32.0 


10,709 


11,672 


11,254 






Total Europe 5 


23,490 


19,760 


18,958 


27.9 


34.1 


33.8 


16,661 


17,128 


16,291 


U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 6 


40,340 


30,317 


28.416 


13.0 


16.5 


16.1 


13,330 


12,700 


11,870 


Asia: 
Turkey 


1,565 


1,705 


1,730 


17.0 


18.0 


17.5 


672 


780 


770 


World total 5 


69,550 


55,266 


53,139 


18.3 


22.8 


22.7 


32,331 


31,967 


30,581 







1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere 
countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow ; thus the crop harves- 
ted in the Northern Hemisphere in 1969 is combined with preliminary forecasts for the Southern Hemisphere 
harvests, which begin late in 1969 and end early in 1970. 

2 Harvested acreage as far as possible. 
8 Preliminary. 

4 A metric ton is approximately 39.368 bushels. 

5 Estimated totals include allowances for producing countries not shown. 

6 Production estimated. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of office 
research, and related information. 



RYE 



19 



Table 21.- 


-Rye : Stocks on 


and off farms, United States, 1960-69 






On farms 


Off farms 2 




Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 » 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 > 


I960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


1,000 
bushels 
18,186 
14,639 
20,196 
11,189 
17,741 
18,182 
15,527 
12,331 
13,467 
16,329 


1,000 
bushels 

11,660 
7,795 

13,694 
5,608 

11,340 

13,141 
9,566 
8,747 
8,911 

11,129 


1,000 
bushels 
7,473 
4,337 
7,359 
3,458 
9,216 
9,945 
7,547 
6,829 
5,922 
7,650 


1,000 
bushels 
4,583 
1,905 
2,068 
1,712 
2,638 
3,955 
3,588 
3,744 
2,003 


1,000 
bushels 
17,798 
15,209 
12,990 
11,707 
11,495 
17,822 
22,188 
20,998 
18,314 
21,946 


1,000 
bushels 
14,205 
11,685 
9,976 
9,157 
9,643 
15,677 
18,821 
19,010 
15,425 
18,729 


1,000 
bushels 
12,774 
10,334 
7,873 
7,369 
8,150 
14,869 
16,756 
16,407 
14,097 
16,895 


1,000 
bushels 
9,637 
5,983 
4,855 
3,591 
10,215 
15,056 
15,097 


1967 

1968 


14,288 
13,967 


1969 3 











1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by Com- 
modity Credit Corporation which are in bins and other storages under CCC control. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 21. 



Table 22. 


—Rye: 


Supply and distribution, United States, 1959-69 




Year 


Supply 


Domestic disappearance 




beginning 
July 


Carry- 
over, 
Julyl 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Imports 


Total 


Food 1 


Feed 2 


Seed 


Spirits 

and 
alcohol 


Total 


Ex- 
ports 


1959 

1960 


1,000 

bushels 

12,651 

10,499 

14,220 

7,888 

6,923 

5,303 

12,853 

19,011 

18,685 

18,032 

15,970 


1,000 
bushels 
23,076 
33,108 
27,336 
40,698 
29,178 
32,476 
33,223 
27,775 
24,154 
23,365 
31,405 


1,000 

bushels 

4,222 

2,678 

743 

548 

649 

2,415 

1,754 

1,627 

547 

1,114 

415 


1,000 
bushels 
39,949 
46,285 
42.299 
49,134 
36,750 
40,194 
47,830 
48,413 
43,386 
42,511 
47,790 


1,000 
bushels 
4,571 
4,499 
4,550 
4,660 
4,728 
4,939 
5,222 
5,139 
5,734 
5,528 


1,000 

bushels 
8,436 
9,141 

11,279 
7,142 
6,711 

10,514 
9,774 

10,152 
6,979 
9,233 


1,000 
bushels 
5,641 
5,712 
6,596 
6,065 
6,282 
5,976 
5,616 
5,382 
5,060 
5,853 


1,000 
bushels 
5,536 
4,990 
4,493 
3,692 
3,683 
3,801 
4,393 
4,663 
4,744 
4,681 


1,000 
bushels 
24,184 
24,342 
26,918 
21,559 
21,404 
25,230 
25,005 
25,336 
22,517 
25,295 


1,000 
bushels 
5,266 
7,723 


1961 

1962 

1963 


7,493 
20,652 
10,043 


1964 

1965 

1966 


2,111 
3,814 
4,392 


1967 

1968 3 

1969 3 


2,837 
1,246 















1 From reports of U.S. Department of Commerce. 

2 Residual item; roughly approximates total use as feed. 

3 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 22. 



Table 23. — Rye: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Production 


Total 

used for 

seed 


Disposit 


on on farms where grown 


Crop of — 


Used for 
seed 


Fed to 
livestock 


Sold from 
farms 


1960 


1,000 bushels 
33,108 
27,336 
40,698 
29,178 
32,476 
33,223 
27,775 
24,154 
23,365 
31,405 


1,000 bushels 
5,712 
6,596 
6,065 
6,282 
5,976 
5,616 
5,382 
5,060 
5,853 
6,279 


1,000 bushels 
1,775 
1,868 
1,897 
1,855 
1,840 
1,556 
1,444 
1,266 
1,402 
1,575 


1,000 bushels 
5,092 
4,512 
4,345 
3,307 
3,341 
3,331 
3,125 
2,667 
2,486 
3,235 


1,000 bushels 
26,241 
20,956 
34,456 


1961 


1962 


1963 


24 016 


1964 


27,295 


1965 


28,336 


1966 


23,206 


1967 


20,221 


1968 


19,477 


1969 > 


26,595 







1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated purposes 
on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data for 
1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 23. 



20 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 24. — Rye: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 

(preliminary) 





Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Disposition on farms 
where grown 


State 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Disposition on farms 
where grown 


State 


Used 
for 
seed 


Fed 
to 
live- 
stock 


Sold 
from 
farms 


Used 

for 
seed 


Fed 
to 
live- 
stock 


Sold 
from 
farms 


New York 

New Jersey 
Pennsylvania. . . . 
Ohio 


1,000 

bushels 

540 

220 

512 

44S 

414 

611 

1,040 

378 

2,142 

138 

368 

5.355 

7.666 

2.730 

1,121 

216 

420 


1,000 

bushels 

284 

180 

91 
230 
138 
176 
348 

98 
150 

40 
172 
241 
398 
360 
220 

99 
185 


1,000 

bushels 

45 

31 

44 

21 

32 

2S 

63 

16 

92 

6 

28 

164 

255 

126 

62 

19 

35 


1,000 

bushels 

81 

26 

282 

130 

87 

67 

208 

170 

86 

39 

52 

27 

268 

300 

258 

39 

122 


1.000 

bushels 

414 

163 

186 

297 

295 

516 

769 

192 

1.964 , 

93 

288 

5.164 

7.143 

2.304 

S01 

158 

263 


Virginia 

North Carolina . . 
South Carolina. . . 


1,000 
bushels 
494 
304 
4S3 
1,692 
175 
120 
980 
684 
175 
210 
195 
464 
720 
390 


1,000 

bushels 

530 

159 

165 

696 

112 

88 

329 

411 

14 

21 

26 

124 

92 

102 


1,000 

bushels 

48 

37 

35 

132 

17 

11 

86 

53 

5 

8 

S 

29 

21 

IS 


1,000 
bushel* 

114 
79 
68 

152 
21 
29 

167 
89 
24 
32 
35 

107 
29 
47 


1.000 

bushels 

332 

188 

380 

1 408 


Indiana 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Oklahoma 


137 
80 


Michigan 


727 
542 


Minnesota 


1 Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

j Colorado 

Washington 

Oregon 

United States. . . 


146 

170 




152 


North Dakota... 
South Dakota.. . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 


328 
670 
325 


31,405 


8,279 


1,575 


3,235 


26.595 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposition. 
Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated purposes on 
farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



Table 25 


. — Rye: Price-support operations, United States 


, 1960-70 






Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farmers 


Put under support ; 


Acquired 

by CCC 

under 

support 

program 1 


Owned 
by CCC 
June 30 


Year beginning July 


Per 

bushel 


Percentage 
of parity ' 


Quantity 


Percentage 
of pro- 
duction 


1960 


Dollars 
0.90 
1.02 
1.02 
1.07 
1.07 
1.02 
1.02 
1.02 
1.02 
1.02 
1.02 


Percent 
60 
59 
70 
75 
78 
73 
73 
73 
72 
69 
<6S 


Dollars 
0.88 
1.01 

.95 
1.08 
1.04 

.98 
1.07 
1.07 
1.02 
1 .98 


Million 
busheh 
5.1 
1.6 
6.1 
1.5 

e s 

6.9 
2.4 
2.7 
4.6 
<6.0 


Percent 
15.4 

6.0 
15.0 

5.3 
20.9 
20.8 

8.8 

11.2 

19.7 

* 19.1 


MiUion 

bushels 
2.0 

.6 
1.4 

.4 
6.6 
5.2 
1.6 
2.5 
3.0 


MiUion 

bushels 

4.3 


1961 


2.6 


1962 


1.6 


1963. . . 


.8 


1964 

1965 


5.9 
9.2 


1966 


7.3 


1967 


8.0 


1968 


11.5 


1969 




1970 

















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 
"■ Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

J Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 
4 Preliminary. 

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics. 
table 25. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 28 

1 Crop year beginning Aug. 1. Crops harvested in Northern Hemisphere during the latter part of the year 
shown are combined with those harvested in Asia principally from November to May, and in the Southern Hemi- 
sphere harvested during the first part of the following year. 

- Preliminary. 

3 A metric ton is 2,204. 6 pounds. 

* Planted acreage. 

5 Totals include allowances for any missing data for countries shown and for other producing countries not 
shown. 

I Excluding Sabah and Sarawak. 

7 Excluding mainland China, North Korea, and North Vietnam. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of office 
research, and related information. 



RICE 



21 



Table 26. — Rice, rough: Acreage, yield, production, and value, United States, 

1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 
harvested 


Yield 
per acre 


Production 


Season average 

price per cwt. 

received by 

farmers 1 


Farm 
value 


1954 


1 ,000 acres 
2,550 
1,826 
1,569 
1,340 
1,415 
1,586 
1,595 
1,589 
1,773 
1,771 
1,786 
1,793 
1,967 
1,970 
2,353.4 
2,128.4 


Pounds 
2,517 
3,061 
3,151 
3,204 
3 , 164 
3,382 
3,423 
3,411 
3,726 
3,968 
4,098 
4,255 
4,322 
4,537 
4,422 
4,290 


1 ,000 cwt. 
64 , 193 
55,902 
49,459 
42,935 
44,760 
53,647 
54,591 
54,198 
66,045 
70,269 
73,166 
76.281 
85,020 
89,379 
104,075 
91,303 


Dollars 

4.57 
4.81 
4.86 
5.11 
4.68 
4.59 
4.55 
5.14 
5.04 
5.01 
4.90 
4.93 
4.95 
4.97 
5.00 
4.92 


1 ,000 dollars 
293,030 


1955 


268,547 


1956. . . 


240,293 


1957 


219,538 


1958 


209,425 


1959 


246,317 


1960 ... 


248,445 


1961 


278,599 


1962 


332,624 


1963 


352,159 


1964 j. 


358,634 


1965 


376,227 


1966 


421,018 


1967 


443,995 


1968 . 


520,888 


1969 2 


449,162 







1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 26. 

Table 27. — Rice, rough : Acreage, production, and season average price per hundred- 
weight received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage planted 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 


2 for crop of — 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Missouri 


1,000 
acres 
5 2 
56 
482 
567 
510 
362 


1,000 
acres 
6.6 
68 
578 
681 
599 
434 


1,000 
acres 
5.6 
61 
520 
613 
550 
391 


1,000 
acres 
5.1 
55 
477 
565 
508 
360 


1,000 
acres 
6.4 
67 
572 
679 
597 
432 


1,000 
acres 
5.4 
60 
515 
611 
548 
389 


1,000 

cwt. 
235 

2,365 
21,704 
22,035 
25,400 
17,640 


1,000 

cwt. 
288 

2,881 
24,596 
26,142 
27,164 
23,004 


1,000 

cwt. 
248 

2,520 
24,720 
20,774 
21,646 
21,395 


Dollars 
5.09 
5.34 
5.12 
4.91 
4.94 
4.84 


Dollars 
5.08 
5.20 
5.07 
4.83 
4.97 
5.15 


Dollars 
5.10 
5.30 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Texas 

California 


5.10 
4.75 
4.75 
5.00 


United States 


1,982.2 


2,366.6 


2,140.6 


1,970.1 


2,353.4 


2,128.4 


89,379 


104,075 


91,303 


4.97 


5.00 


4.92 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 28.- 



-Rice, rough: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified coun- 
tries, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 1 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

132 

240 

206 

55 

253 

342 

1,703 


1,000 

acres 

150 


1,000 

acres 

105 


Pounds 
1,297 
1,700 
1,284 
1,353 
978 
1,961 
3,738 


Pounds 
1,367 


Pounds 
1,365 


1,000 
metric 
tons z 
62 
185 
120 
34 
112 
304 
2,887 


1,000 
metric 
tons ' 
93 


1,000 
metric 
tons 5 
65 


Cuba 




Dominican Republic 


220 

67 

335 

472 

2,353 


'432 
2,130 


1,814 
2,205 
1,053 
2,125 
4,475 


"U531 
4,233 


181 

67 

160 

445 

4,777 




Nicaragua 4 










300 


United States 


4,090 






Totals 


3,132 


3,966 


3,686 


2,702 


3,332 


3,084 


3,839 


5,994 


5,156 



See footnotes on page 20. 



22 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 28. — Rice, rough: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified coun- 
tries, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 1 — Continued 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


South America: 


1,000 

acres 

135 

9,404 

82 

643 

273 

247 

196 

70 

51 

165 


1,000 

acres 

237 

12,000 

41 

684 

247 

313 

198 


1,000 
acres 

""647 
'"'275' 


Pounds 
3,159 
1,420 
2,440 
1,823 
1,525 
2,000 
3,562 
2,486 
2,841 
1,476 


Pounds 
3,209 
1,360 
2,420 
2,533 
1,785 
1,493 
3,340 


Pounds 

"2^453 
'M84' 


1,000 
metric 
tons 3 
193 
6,058 
91 
532 
189 
224 
317 
79 
66 
111 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 
345 
7,400 
45 
786 
200 
212 
300 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 






Chile . . 






720 








210 


Peru 










84 
311 

14,328 




2,992 
1,921 




114 
245 












Total 5 


11,378 


14,188 


1,541 


1,524 


1,537 


7,955 


9,904 


9,894 






Europe: 


77 
49 

299 
92 

157 


62 
52 

385 
82 

156 


54 

""423 
91 
163 


3,474 
3,704 
4,679 
4,073 
5,460 


3,236 
4,579 
3,659 
4,114 
5,130 


4,287 

"4^430 
4,191 
5,004 


121 
82 
635 
170 
389 


91 
108 
639 
149 
363 


105 






Italy 


850 




177 




370 






Total Western Europe 


674 


737 


783 


4,569 


4,050 


4,522 


1,397 


1,350 


1,610 


Total Eastern Europe 5 


142 


161 


158 


2,282 


2,068 


2,498 


147 


151 


179 


Total Europe 5 


816 


898 


941 


4,171 


3,695 


4,182 


1,544 


1,505 


1,785 






U.S.S.R. (Europe and 


332 


771 


806 


2,068 


2,774 


2,667 


311 


970 


975 






Africa: 


130 
1,025 

614 
1,996 

829 

800 


150 




915 
618 
786 
1,370 
4,745 
895 

1,405 


1,029 




54 

287 

219 

1,240 

1,784 

325 


70 










715 
1,946 
1,250 

750 




1,172 
1,586 
4,145 
1,205 




380 
1,400 
2,350 

410 




















Total 5 


8,176 


8,471 


8,560 


1,640 


1,679 


5,211 


6,302 


6,518 






Asia: 


846 

129 

12,000 

5,731 

1,239 

1,905 

86,359 

17,530 

8,108 

2,837 

1,606 

851 

2,800 

24,955 

7,821 

14,735 

6,054 

197,086 


593 

111 
12,402 
5,820 
1,657 
1,950 
91,343 
20,950 
8,105 
3,000 


618 

142 
12,684 

M50 

91,427 

8^090' 
3,039 


1,861 

2,598 
1,456 
952 
1,714 
3,242 
1,356 
1,600 
4,368 
3,647 
1,020 
2,176 
1,647 
1,467 
1,096 
1,751 
1,841 


3,718 

3,436 
1,439 
853 
1,786 
3,758 
1,441 
1,748 
4,913 
3,197 


3,731 

3,152 
1,452 

'3^556 
1,521 

"ii787 

4,049 


714 

152 

7,925 

2,475 

963 

2,802 

53,105 

12,718 

15,931 

4,693 

740 

840 

2,095 

16,539 

3,883 

10,074 

5,056 


1,000 

173 

8,023 

2,500 

1,342 

3,324 

59,701 

16,615 

18,061 


1,046 


Turkey (Europe and 


203 




8,350 












3,145 


India 4 


63,000 


Japan 4 

Korea, Republic of 


17,568 
5,582 




1,214 

2,814 
27,915 

8.181 
17,865 

5,881 

213,427 


28^562' 
8,180 

18,582 
6,108 

215,548 


2,141 
1,818 
1,586 
1,235 
1,531 
1,649 


1^642 
1,383 
1,661 
1,839 


1,179 

2,321 
20,084 

4,583 
12,410 

4,400 








Pakistan 4 


21,267 
5,131 


Thailand 

Vietnam, South 


14,000 
5,094 


Total 57 


1,586 


1,676 


1,747 


141,787 


162,209 


170,790 






Oceania: 6 
Australia 


56 


84 


97 


5,429 


6,693 


6,387 


138 


255 


281 






Total 5 


86 


84 


97 


4,075 


6,693 


6,387 


159 


255 


281 


World total 57 


221,000 


241,944 


243,915 


1,606 


1,701 


1,763 


161,000 


186,620 


195,082 



See footnotes on page 20. 



RICE 23 

Table 29. — Rice, rough: Supply and distribution, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 


Distribution 


Year 
























begin- 




Carryover stocks 












Disappearance 
















Pro- 
duction 


Total 










Ending 


August 




















stocks 




Farm 


Mills 


Ware- 
houses 


Total 






Seed 


Milled 


Ex- 
ports 


Resid- 
ual 1 


Total 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


1959. . . 


218 


3,645 


3,206 


7,069 


53,647 


60,716 


2,092 


49,525 


385 


901 


52,903 


7,813 


1960. . . 


389 


2,809 


4,615 


7,813 


54,591 


62,404 


2,119 


52,047 


379 


518 


55,063 


7,341 


1961... 


85 


2,940 


4,316 


7,341 


54,198 


61,539 


2,350 


55,387 


79 


583 


58,399 


3,140 


1962... 


201 


1,823 


1,116 


3,140 


66,045 


69,185 


2,383 


60,786 


143 


219 


63,531 


5,654 


1963... 


167 


2,343 


3,144 


5,654 


70,269 


75,923 


2,458 


68,264 


105 


—91 


70,736 


5,187 


1964... 


112 


2,697 


2,378 


5,187 


73,166 


78,353 


2,464 


70,974 


126 


—116 


73,448 


4,905 


1965.. 


141 


2,402 


2,362 


4,905 


76,281 


81,186 


2,702 


70,595 


169 


2,240 


75,706 


5,480 


1966... 


347 


2,167 


2,966 


5,480 


85,020 


90,500 


2,688 


80,210 


161 


1,244 


84,303 


6,197 


1967... 


226 


2,869 


3,102 


6,197 


89,379 


95,576 


3,235 


88,116 


205 


561 


92,117 


3,459 


1968 2 . . 


120 


2,234 


1,105 


3,459 


104,075 


107,534 


2,926 


89,086 


189 


2,838 


95,039 


12,495 


1969 2 


334 


4,295 


7,866 


12,495 


91,303 


103,798 





























1 Includes feed, waste, loss, and shrinkage. 2 Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 29. 

Table 30.— Rice, milled: Supply and distribution, United States, 1959-68 





Supply 


Distribution 


Year 

beginning 

August 


Carry- 
over 

stocks 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Im- 
ports 2 


Total 


Ex- 
ports 2 


Ship- 
ments to 
Terri- 
tories 


Con- 
sumed 
at 
breweries 


Remain- 
ing for 
domestic 
food 


Total 


Ending 
stocks 


1959 


1,000 
cwt. 
5,990 
3,052 
1,943 
1,572 
1,478 
1,692 
1,995 
1,991 
1,684 
2,418 


1,000 
cwt. 
34,896 
36,928 
39,688 
43,276 
49,146 
51,041 
50,942 
58,382 
64,080 
65,240 


1,000 

cwt. 

550 

203 

274 

27 

13 

338 

482 

6 

5 

8 


1,000 
cwt. 
41,436 
40,183 
41,905 
44,875 
50,637 
53,071 
53,419 
60,379 
65,769 
67,666 


1,000 
cwt. 
20,327 
20,643 
20,835 
25,190 
30,020 
30,489 
31,135 
37,432 
41,219 
39,993 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,630 
2,835 
2,551 
2,970 
2,798 
2,820 
2,752 
2,764 
2,605 
3,089 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,488 
3,482 
3,361 
2,911 
2,767 
3,095 
3,391 
3,828 
3,952 
4,214 


1,000 
cwt. 
10,939 
11,280 
13,586 
12,326 
13,360 
14,672 
14,150 
14,671 
15,575 
17,647 


1,000 
cwt. 
38,384 
38,240 
40,333 
43,397 
48,945 
51,076 
51,428 
58,695 
63,351 
64,943 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,052 


1960. . . 


1,943 


1961 


1,572 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


1,478 
1,692 
1,995 
1,991 
1,684 


1967 

1968 


2,418 
2,723 







1 Production of heads, second heads, screenings, and brewers' rice. 

2 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 30. 

Table 31. — Rice: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Produc- 
tion 


Total used 
for seed 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Crop of — 


Used for 
seed 


Fed to 
livestock 1 


Home use l 


Sold from 
farms 


1960 

1961 


1 ,000 cwt. 
54,591 
54,198 
66,045 
70,269 
73,166 
76,281 
85,020 
89,379 
104,075 
91,303 


1 ,000 cwt. 
2,119 
2,350 
2,383 
2,458 
2,464 
2,702 
2,688 
3,235 
2,932 
2,493 


1 ,000 cwt. 
732 
911 
820 
708 
692 
639 
658 
576 
680 
632 


1 ,000 cwt. 
33 
30 


1 ,000 cwt. 
23 


1 ,000 cwt. 
53,803 
53,257 


1962 


65,225 


1963 






69,561 


1964 






72,474 
75,642 


1965 






1966 






84,362 


1967 






88,803 


1968 






103,395 


1969 2 






90,671 









1 Discontinued. 2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposition. 
Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated purposes on 
farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



24 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 32. 



-Rice: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by States, crop of 
1969 (preliminary) 





Produc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Farm disposition 


State 


Produc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Farrn disposition 


State 


Used for 
seed on 
farms 
where 
grown 


Sold 
from 
farms 


Used for 
seed on 
farms 
where 
grown 


Sold 

from 
farms 


Missouri 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 


1.000 
cwt. 

248 

2,520 

24,720 

20,774 


1,000 

cwt. 

7 

73 

667 

729 


1,000 

cwt. 

2 

14 

227 

87 


1,000 

cwt. 
246 

2,506 
24,493 
20,687 


Texas 

California 

United 
States 


1,000 
cwt. 
21,646 
21,395 


1,000 
cwt. 
519 
498 


1,000 
cwt. 
78 
224 


1,000 
cwt. 
21,568 
21,171 


91.303 


2,493 


632 


90,671 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual dis- 
position. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated 
purposes on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 

Table 33. — Rice, milled: United States exports under specified Government pro- 
grams, 1959-68 





Public Law 480 


Mutual 
security 
(AID) * 




Year beginning July 


Title I, 
sales for 

foreign 
currency 


Title II. 

disaster re- 
lief and 
other 

assistance 1 


Title III 


Title IV, 
long-term 
dollar sales 


Total 
specified 




Foreign 
donations 2 


Barter 3 


programs 


1959 


1,000 cwt. 

9,873 
11,873 

8,246 
12.696 
13,634 
11,187 

7,204 
15,498 
12,659 

6,276 


1,000 cwt. 

643 

382 

471 

14 


1,000 cwt. 
1,417 
1,751 


1,000 cwt. 
754 
347 


1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 

163 

94 

499 

345 

123 

66 

4,049 


1,000 cwt. 
12,850 


1960 




14,447 


1961 .. . 




9,216 


1962 






770 

1,072 

759 

716 

2,763 

4,434 

14,343 


13,825 


1963 






14,829 


1964 








12,012 


1965 








11,969 


1966 








18,261 


1967 








546 
89 


17 , 639 


1968 5 


208 






20,916 



1 Includes emergency relief and economic development. 

2 Foreign donations are authorized under Sec. 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 as amended, and Sec. 302, 
Title III, P.L. 480. 

3 The barter program is authorized under the Charter Act of the Commodity Credit Corporation; Title III, 
P.L. 480; and other legislation. 

4 Sales for foreign currency and economic aid under the Act for International Development, P.L. 87-195, and 
Mutual Security Acts, P.L. 665 and 165. 

5 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service Data for 1954-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 31. 

Table 34. — Rice, milled No. 2: Average wholesale price per 100 pounds at selected 

markets, 1959-68 





Medium grains 


Long grains ! 


Short 
grains 2 


August 


New 
Orleans 


Houston 


Stutt- 
gart, 
Ark. 


New 
York 


New 
Orleans 


Houston 


New 
York 


San 
Fran- 
cisco 


1959 


DoUars 
8.25 
8.20 
9.30 
9.35 
8.75 
8.30 
8.20 
8.45 
8.75 
8.45 


Dollars 
8.35 
8.20 
9.40 
9.30 
8.80 
8.35 
8.15 
8.35 
8.65 
8.50 


Dollars 
8.05 
8.05 
9.20 
9.15 
8.55 
8.20 
8.10 
8.20 
8.65 
8.55 


DoUars 
9.65 
9.35 
10.20 
10.25 
9.85 
9.50 
9.55 
9.30 
9.95 
10.25 


DoUars 
9.40 
9.50 
10.15 
10.05 
10.25 
10.15 
10.15 
10.25 
10.25 
9.50 


Dollars 
9.45 
9.55 
10.25 
10.00 
10.30 
10.15 
10.05 
10.00 
10.05 
9.80 


DoUars 
10.95 
10.80 
11.30 
11.25 
11.65 
11.50 
11.45 
11.50 
12.05 
11.80 


DoUars 
8.45 


1960 

1961 

1962 :.. 

1963 


8.85 
9.50 
9.85 
9.90 


1964 

1965 


9.80 
10.00 


1966 


10.05 


1967 


10.25 


1968 


10.55 



1 Formerly Bluebonnet rice. 

2 Formerly California Pearl. 
Consumer and Marketing Service. 



Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 32. 



EICE 



25 



Table 35. — Rice, rough: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 

price 
per cwt. 
received 

farmers 


Put under support 2 


Acquired 

byCCC 

under 

support 

program 3 




Year beginning August 


Per cwt. 


Percentage 

of 

parity x 


Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


by 

CCC 

July 31 4 


I960 


Dollars 
4.42 
4.71 
4.71 
4.71 
4.71 
4.50 
4.50 
4.55 
4.60 
4.72 
s 4.81 


Percent 
75 
78 
76 
73 
74 
68 
66 
66 
66 
65 
5 65 


Dollars 
4.55 
5.14 
5.04 
5.01 
4.90 
4.93 
4.95 
4.97 
5.00 
6 4.92 


Million 

cwt. 

13.1 

6.4 

12.2 

10.0 

7.7 

10.0 

14.4 

16.4 

24.3 

5 22.4 


Percent 
24.0 
11.8 
18.5 
14.3 
10.6 
13.1 
16.8 
18.3 
22.7 
6 24.5 


Million 
cwt. 
4.9 

( 5 ) 

1.8 

.8 

.8 

.4 

.1 

( 5 ) 

6.3 


Million 
cwt. 

4 1 


1961 


3 


1962 


1.9 


1963 


1.4 


1964 


1.0 


1965 

1966 


.6 
.1 


1967 


.1 


1968 

1969 


6.3 


1970 



















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

3 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Includes milled rice in rough rice equivalent. 

5 Less than 50,000 cwt. 
8 Preliminary. 

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 
table 33. 



Table 36. — Rice: United States exports, by country of destination, 1967 and 1968 


Country of destination 


Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Year beginning July 




1967 


1968 


1967 


1968 


Rice, paddy or rough: 


1,000 

pounds 

50 

54 

441 

15,478 


1,000 

pounds 

250 

991 

573 

16,332 




1,000 

pounds 

10 

4,434 

26,165 

21,534 

71,164 

42,043 

37,533 

1,313,154 

2,316 


1,000 

pounds 


Mexico 


Japan 

Kuwait 

Malaysia 

Nansei and Nanpo Islands 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Vietnam, South 

British West Pacific Islands 

Total Asia and Oceania x . . . . 

Cameroon 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Ghana 

Guinea 


4,246 

16,685 

740 






28,758 
97 


World total x 


21,363 


19,775 




14,682 

511,554 

9,371 


Rice, milled, less than 75% 
broken: 


39,865 

291 
10,352 

431 
9,040 

657 

32,743 

8,736 

17,423 

491 


38,985 

165 

217 

40 

9,610 

13,202 

29,801 

6,610 

22,771 

155 




2,162,749 


1,427 623 








1,721 
32,111 
37,989 
13 
30,143 
34,093 
122 
31,029 


1,428 
3,011 
68 640 


Bahamas 


Jamaica 


17,168 
1 176 


Chile 

Peru 


Liberia 


22,501 
32 




South Africa, Republic of 

World total 1 


19,030 




130,470 


130,019 


Hemisphere ' 


2,612,638 


1,820,767 




Rice, milled, 75% and over 
broken: 

Canada 

Jamaica 

Belgium and Luxembourg 

Germany, West 

United Kingdom 

Aden 2 

Nansei and Nanpo Islands 

South Africa, Republic of 

World total l 




Belgium and Luxembourg 


9,182 
23,014 
4,435 
3,938 
27 
4,853 
8,890 
52,876 


5,129 
14,065 
1,200 
10,240 
1,556 
5,547 
8,561 
8,351 


3,881 
14 
8,526 
4,618 
2,784 
1,031 
1,529 
305 






4,079 


Netherlands 


Portugal 


1 936 


Sweden 


6,758 
2,459 
2 101 


Switzerland 




2,318 
99 


Total Europe l 


116,780 


104,750 






India 




110,147 
630,738 


35,966 


73,778 


Indonesia 


383,674 









1 Includes countries not shown. 

2 Name changed to Southern Yemen, effective Jan. 1, 1968. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



26 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 37. — Rice, milled equivalent: 1 International trade, average 1960-64, annual 

1967 and 1968 



Continent and country 


Average 1960-64 


1967 


1968 2 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


North America: 


1,000 

pounds 


1,000 

pounds 

122,406 

159 

3,491 

12,429 

9,681 

8,048 

19,864 

18,005 

299,742 

35,866 

22,764 

47,419 

9,989 

62,330 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
90,046 
4,546 
13,490 
441 
26,131 
( 3 ) 

558 

17,938 

346,126 

11,023 


1,000 

pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
92,588 
2 981 


El Salvador 


896 

1,112 

29,984 

2,939 


29,994 
516 


50,946 
4,588 




15 895 




236 




234 
( 3 ) 

3,970,983 


3,922 
< 3 ) 

4,070,883 


32,787 




( 3 ) 




2,387,041 


498 




16,341 


Cuba ... 








300,690 




4,016 






30 602 












34 

48 
99 




73,290 




52,618 












75 


66,610 


75 


59,763 






Total 


2,426,169 


672,193 


4,001,802 


650,199 


4,130,414 


634,999 






South America: 


13,752 


1,458 
2,991 


40,938 




47,889 












91,401 
134,621 
13,969 
3,231 
45,846 


70,288 
224,018 




313,462 
210,921 














24,702 
19,956 


21,030 
1,102 


30,377 




8,818 




( 4 ) 




22,046 


8,818 


Peru 


43,933 

180 

24 

26,279 




130,095 


105,654 




43,701 
39,719 


54,454 

82,188 
139,151 


72,753 

42,862 


( 3 ) 
























Total 


386,240 


119,523 


619,855 


152,227 


709,933 


144,849 






Europe: 


1 

50,920 

96 


126,403 

188,564 

22,339 

47,940 

228,433 

519,596 

16,761 

5,581 

233,152 

21,065 

40,567 




81,791 

86,706 

14,110 

32,761 

329,591 

276,239 

7,430 

13,669 

132,286 

6,206 

44,571 




130,754 




10,137 


27,939 


98,137 




12,875 








23,671 




55,266 

30,803 

826 

564,839 

82,210 

15 

101 

196,805 

4 

905 


86,318 
47,179 
20,831 
343,480 
37,543 


150,596 
49,862 
19,628 

409,482 
44,423 


298,413 




321,829 




9,475 


Italy 


23,951 




154,996 




5,460 








77,836 




241,078 


221,249 






37,666 
101,682 
191,872 


27,778 

62,358 

223,549 


26,896 








50,486 








273,400 














982,791 


1,781,621 


786,566 


1,339,045 


923,179 


1,508,179 










246,116 
103,078 

34,110 
249,951 

71,297 
112,801 


441 


132,277 
110,231 
55,115 
143,300 
70,548 
21,323 


1,100 


132,277 






110,231 




9,202 
2,832 






39,638 


Poland 






130,073 








66,140 




1,509 






61,923 










U.S.S.R 


176,589 


2,732,400 


1,543 


1,408,029 


2,202 


1,201,682 


Africa: 


1,864 
5,797 


6,661 

1,401 
10,594 
13,490 
39,539 
10,174 

7,046 
93,934 
59,391 
86,781 

8,936 
53.166 




6,834 
4,330 
19,193 
17,637 
51,006 
15,371 
17,637 
88,366 
88,185 
53,056 
4,409 
73,090 






Angola 


6,495 


4,270 




27,243 










( 3 ) 




6 
66 






38,969 








( 3 ) 








( 3 ) 










67,472 










C) 






344 
309 


13 
3,466 


104,115 




297 

7 


6,614 




88,185 











See footnotes at end of table. 



RICE 



27 



Table 37.- 



-Rice, milled equivalent : * International trade, average 1960-64, annual 
1967 and 1968— Continued 





Average 1960-64 


1967 


1968 2 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Africa — Continued 


1,000 
pounds 
66,428 


1,000 

pounds 

13,972 

147,415 

1,456 

197 

3,308 

69,007 

262,592 

48,516 

16,082 

116,657 

7,653 

6,623 

8,510 

4,482 

8,047 

20,390 


1,000 
pounds 
88,253 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
152,785 


1,000 
pounds 

(3) 




147,258 


135,690 




7,406 

5,103 

175 


8,644 
11,698 


15,346 
9,658 


26 










3,265 
88,185 
338,275 
53,416 
38,202 
172,955 
( 4 ) 

5,924 

4,429 
21,605 
18,078 

5,194 


694 








( 3 ) 




121 

165 

4 


342 

82 

2^205 




385,809 






(3) 






( 3 ) 






174,333 








14,927 


Togo 


281 






2,851 






4,359 




612,455 
122 

7 


958,790 


1,256,414 






2,866 




686 


( 3 ) 


33,135 






Total 


700,304 


1,126,020 


1,077,848 


1,335,900 


1,441,952 


1,087,288 






Asia: 
Southern Yemen 5 


41,761 


60,581 

338,344 

34,182 

47,304 

36,641 

6,490 

132,542 

49,664 

15,02.6 

58,643 

122,577 


22,699 

( 3 ) 


62,772 

220,462 

35,274 

50,140 

44,092 

2,205 

2,205 

44,092 

17,637 


12,039 

( 3 ) 


62,702 

(3) 






43,041 










38,872 




445 


( 3 ) 
4,974 


( 3 ) 
3,620 


( 4 ) 
( 3 ) 




52 

8 

1 

1,552 

15 

3,574,287 

610 

1,415,274 

153,169 

89,920 

34,903 

688,403 


(3) 








( 3 ) 








( 3 ) 














136,614 




99,708 




794,312 

6 2, 627^909 

255,439 

16,310 

( 3 ) 

448,453 


738,548 

6 2^259J30 

149,363 

24,939 

5,291 

544,540 






1,088,550 

13,228 

32,134 

887,311 

1,172,559 

64,698 

2,080 

2,338,839 

490,862 

52,216 

39,862 

1,393,713 

674,619 

262,760 

175,578 


781,990 

169,756 

13,228 

927,857 

1,003,544 


815,516 
165,350 








692,273 




984,143 


Cambodia 






39,683 

1,651,262 

675,055 

1,122,995 

306,392 

40,232 

1,227,750 

458,985 

640,335 

( 3 ) 


73,473 




418,690 






1,494,730 








972,238 


Japan 


322 

47,257 


441 


809 
2 


597,157 




544,107 






( 3 ) 




189,122 
251,875 

764 


( 3 ) 
268,964 
3,576 
( 3 ) 
3,192,912 
( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 

176,489 
90,390 

( 3 ) 

2,288,448 

( 3 ) 


1,169,700 


Pakistan 


78,249 


Ryukyu Islands 


( 3 ) 


Thailand 


3,264,993 
32,760 




Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan 


3,977 












Total 


10,206,183 


9,594,980 


7,635,989 


9,674,557 


6,294,208 


7,831,259 






Oceania: 
Australia 


162,976 




216,999 


3,307 
21,06? 


213,174 


2,130 


Fiji Islands 


11,644 
4,332 

52,205 
3,978 
6,811 


14,268 


New Caledonia 










New Guinea and Papua 






55,1 If 

( 3 ) 
11, 02? 




( 3 ) 


New Hebrides 








(3) 


New Zealand 


( 4 ) 






(3) 










Total 


162,976 


78,970 


216,999 


90,50; 


213,174 


16,398 






World total 


15,041,252 


16,105,707 


14,340,602 


14,650,465 


.3,715,062 


12,424,654 







1 Includes milled, semi-milled, broken, and rough rice in terms of milled. 

2 Preliminary. 

x Not available. 

4 Less than 500 pounds. 

5 Formerly Aden. 

6 Returns of importing countries. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



28 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 38. — Corn: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1954-69 





Acre- 
age 
plant- 
ed, all 
pur- 
poses 


Corn for grain 


Corn for silage 


Forage 
acreage 
har- 
vested 


Foreign trade 2 


Year 


Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

bushel ' 


Farm 
value 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Produc- 
tion 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 3 


Imports 
for 
con- 
sump- 
tion 


1954 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
66,793 
68,668 
68,462 
64,877 
63,065 
63,549 
70,065 
72,091 
71,422 
57,634 
55,726 
59,227 
53,751 
55.369 
55,332 
56,933 
60,557 
55,880 
54,573 


Bushels 
39.1 
39.4 
42.0 
47.4 
483 
52.8 
52.8 
53.1 
54.7 
62.4 
64.7 
67.9 
62.5 
62.9 
73.8 
72.3 
78.6 
78.6 
83.9 


1,000 
bushels 
2,612,911 
2,707,913 
2,872,959 
3,075,336 
3,045,355 
3,356,205 
3,697,191 
3,824,598 
3,906,949 
3,597,803 
3,606,311 
4,019,238 
3,361,11^ 
3,484,253 
4,084,342 
4,117,355 
4,760,076 
4,393,273 
4,577,864 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
acres 
6,912 
7,114 
6,961 
6,535 
6,122 
6,284 
6,828 
7,017 
7,176 
6,261 
7,201 
7,692 
8,37.3 
8,620 
8,035 
7,921 
8,343 
7,833 
7,754 


1,000 
ions 
49,425 
52,559 
52,974 
54,571 
54,072 
55,612 
57,067 
59,708 
65,429 
66,064 
76,753 
82,926 
79,340 
83,551 
84,266 
89,257 
94,116 
92,059 
96,312 


1,000 
acres 
4,418 
4,404 
3,944 
3,835 
2,677 
2,391 
2,723 
2,794 
2,080 
1.510 
1,547 
1,398 
1,391 
1.399 
1,198 
974 
1,078 
890 
861 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


82,185 
80,932 
77,828 
73,180 
73,351 


1.43 
1.35 
1.29 
1.11 

1.12 


3.872,433 
3,848,649 
3,967,290 
3,393,496 
3,755,553 


92,563 
108,909 
164,789 
183,628 
214,410 


1,138 
1,100 
920 
1,869 
1,138 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


82,742 
81,425 
65,919 
65,017 
68,771 


1.05 
1.00 
1.10 
1.12 
1.11 


4,013,126 
3,928,779 
3,938,994 
4,025,296 
4,454,048 


211,529 
276,552 
415,674 
397,732 

478,789 


1,152 

1,221 

1,357 

975 

993 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 .. 


65,823 
65,119 
66,306 
71,093 
65,126 
64,257 


1.17 
1.16 
1.24 
1.03 
1.08 
1.13 


4,064,208 
4,731,871 
5,105,667 
4,939,670 
4,763,061 
5,178,781 


552,354 
673,265 
471,336 
619,751 
524,767 


1,045 

885 

849 

915 

1,327 









1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

2 Compiled from reports of the Department of Commerce. Includes cornmeal converted to grain equivalent 
on the basis of 3.16 bushels of grain to 100 pounds of meal. 

3 Includes shipments under the Army Civilian Supply Program. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 38. 



Table 39. — Corn: Stocks on and off farms, United States, 


1960-70 




Year 


On farms 


Off farms 2 




Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 ! 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 » 


1960 

1961 


1,000 
bushels 
2,981,490 
3,055,117 
3,018,577 
2,958,288 
3,209,565 
2,737,488 
3,084,863 
2,898,768 
3,391,263 
3,276,322 
3,320,292 


1,000 
bushels 
2,016,159 
2,093,699 
2,152,828 
2.008,152 
2,269,686 
1,866,473 
2,122,751 
2,043,897 
2,394,728 
2,223,680 
2,221,699 


1,000 
bushels 
1,293,369 
1,454,951 
1,559,048 
1,401,285 
1,513,667 
1,243,125 
1,323,576 
1,337,292 
1,646,440 
1,486,739 


1,000 
bushels 
451,965 
588,107 
578,295 
533,801 
681,101 
581,449 
529,705 
569,155 
781,762 
728,220 


1,000 

bushels 

1,362,051 

1,640,573 

1,472,939 

1,251,748 

1,135,189 

1,137,392 

956,475 

778,619 

865,061 

957,050 

993,137 


1,000 

bushels 

1,319,189 

1,579,538 

1,236,387 

1,039,612 

1,008.777 

938,763 

740,542 

671,090 

809,946 

817,228 

767,693 


1,000 
bushels 
1,228,702 
1,369,483 
923,892 
728,605 
862,813 
650,332 
459,284 
405,683 
530,578 
581,656 


1,000 
bushels 
1,335,001 
1,428,356 


1962 


1,074,257 


1983 .... 


831,334 


1964 

1965 

1966 


855,421 
565,593 
310,538 


1967 

1968 


254,075 
380,493 


1969 . 


385,174 


1970 3 















1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at milk, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by 
Commodity Credit Corporation which are in bins and other storages under CCC control. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 42. 



CORN 



29 



Table 40.— Corn: Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State and 
division 


Acreage planted 
for all purposes 


Acreage harvested 
for grain 


Grain production 


Price 2 for crop 
of— 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 




1,000 

acres 

13 

14 

56 

29 

5 

43 

754 

113 

1,250 


1,000 
acres 
14 
14 
63 
29 
5 
45 

7 S 

1,225 


1,000 

acres 
16 
15 
74 
31 
5 
46 
799 
98 

1,250 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


Dol- 
lars 


Dol- 
lars 


Dol- 
lars 


New Hampshire . . 


































































































New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania .... 


276 

72 

921 


235 
53 
810 


247 

61 

907 


21,252 

6.336 

81,048 


16,920 
3,551 
56,700 


18,525 
4,941 
76,188 


1.14 
1.20 
1.17 


1.20 
1.23 

1 25 


1.31 
1.31 
1.29 


North 


2,277 


2,247 


2,334 


1,269 


1,098 


1,215 


108,636 


77,171 


99,654 
















Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


3,539 
5,571 

11,087 
1,833 
2,770 
6,069 

12,171 
3,357 
729 
3,671 
4,989 
1,366 


3,121 
4,980 

10,379 
1.705 
2,715 
5,400 

10,346 
3,189 
642 
3,194 
4,839 
1,448 


3,022 
4,816 

10,148 
1,671 
2,715 
4,964 

10,219 
2,966 
571 
3,290 
5,106 
1,535 


3,240 
5,382 

10,788 
1,407 
1,703 
4,943 

11,145 
2,929 
140 
2,448 
4,510 
1,060 


2,884 
4,790 
10,088 
1,266 
1,754 
4,548 
9,808 
2,958 
132 
2,399 
4,239 
1,134 


2,740 
4,646 
9,763 
1,266 
1,684 
4,184 
9,416 
2,603 
123 
2.447 
4,663 
1,236 


249,480 

441,324 

1,078,800 

91,455 
136,240 
355,896 
986,332 
202,101 
5.880 

93,024 
333,740 

72,080 


242,256 
407,150 
897,832 

96,216 
163,122 
368,388 
912,144 
245,514 
6,468 
110,354 
313,686 

85,050 


232,900 
446,016 
956,774 

93 , 684 
139,772 
355,640 
922,768 
182,210 
6,765 
139,479 
433,659 

91,464 


1.01 

.99 

1.02 

.97 

1.06 

.98 

1.01 

1.10 

1.00 

1.04 

1.05 

1.06 


1.07 
1.05 
1.10 
1.03 
1.08 
1.02 
1.07 
1.09 
1.02 
1.04 
1.09 
1.06 


1.17 
1.10 
1.14 
1.11 
1.14 
.99 
1.10 


Missouri 

North Dakota. . . 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


1.20 
.97 
1.02 
1.10 
1.15 






North Central.. 


57,152 


51,958 


51,023 


49,695 


46,000 


44,771 


4,046,352 


3,848,180 


4,001,131 








Delaware 

Maryland 


223 
606 
675 
87 

1,551 
452 

1,736 
531 


192 

570 

629 

78 

1,520 
438 

1,701 
457 


184 

559 

613 

81 

1,475 
458 

1,701 
425 


211 
526 
484 
56 

1,381 
391 

1.532 
449 


177 

484 

436 

44 

1,348 
387 

1,455 
373 


170 

479 

432 

49 

1,321 
402 

1,426 
358 


15,403 
43,132 
35,332 
3,584 
104,956 
22,287 
88,856 
22,450 


8,673 
31,944 
30,956 

2,376 
80,880 
17,415 
58,200 
15,666 


13,260 
38,799 
30,264 
3,087 
89,828 
18,894 
47,058 
13,962 


1.10 

1.07 
1.18 
1.24 
1.12 
1.16 
1.11 
1.10 


1.14 
1.10 
1.12 
1.27 
1.12 
1.16 
1.17 
1.19 


1.23 

1.22 
1.27 


West Virginia. . . . 
North Carolina.. . 
South Carolina . . . 


1.35 
1.28 
1.31 
1.36 


Florida 


1.28 






South 


5,861 


5,585 


5,496 


5,030 


4,704 


4,637 


336,000 


246,110 


258,152 
















Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


1,296 
900 
978 
467 

76 
178 

52 
602 


1,192 
792 
802 
430 

59 
162 

75 
602 


1,144 
744 
738 
390 

62 
162 

95 
752 


1,168 
783 
860 
420 

64 
157 

27 
491 


1,051 
658 
688 
370 

52 
143 

53 
501 


998 
605 
619 
318 

47 
134 

58 
571 


93,440 

44,631 

37,840 

17,640 

2,688 

6,280 

1,080 

18,658 


69,366 

30,926 

22,016 

14.430 

1,976 

5,863 

3,392 

26,052 


76,846 

27,830 

17,332 

9,858 

1,504 

3,886 

3,770 

25,124 


1.12 
1.15 
1.16 
1.27 
1.25 
1.30 
1.27 
1.32 


1.17 
1.18 
1.18 
1.24 
1.21 
1.25 
1.15 
1.15 


1.25 
1.33 
1.37 
1.36 
1.26 
1.35 
1.22 
1.30 






South 


4,549 


4,114 


4,087 


3,970 


3,516 


3,350 


222,257 


174,021 


166,150 
















Montana 


70 
82 
56 

501 
45 
32 
46 
6 
54 
36 

326 


70 
83 
61 

506 

50 

29 

46 

3 

62 
32 

280 


65 
91 
67 

541 
52 
31 
54 
4 
72 
35 

305 


7 
22 
20 
259 
16 
21 


4 

24 
20 
267 
17 
17 


6 
28 
18 
283 
17 
16 


476 

1,782 

1,400 

20,720 

800 

777 


300 

1,968 

1,400 

22,428 

1,020 

544 


420 

2,380 

1,170 

25,753 

1,054 

432 


1.30 
1.30 
1.16 
1.15 
1.33 
1.35 


1.26 
1.24 
1.18 
1.15 
1.36 
1.48 


1.27 
1.43 


Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 


1.25 
1.21 
1.40 
1.47 


Utah 
























Washington 


18 

10 

220 


20 

8 

185 


28 
10 
194 


1,656 

740 
18,480 


1,940 

616 

17,575 


2,940 
780 

17,848 


1.33 
1.39 
1.32 


1.30 
1.44 
1.36 


1.37 
1.40 


California 


1.44 


Western 


1,254 


1,222 


1,317 


593 


562 


600 


46,831 


47,791 


52,777 
















United 
States 


71,093 


65,126 


64,257 


60,557 


55,880 


54,573 


4,760,076 


4,393,273 


4,577,864 


1.04 


1.08 


1.13 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



30 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 41. — Corn: Utilization for silage, hogging down, grazing, and forage, by 

States, 1967-69 



State and division 


Acreage harvested for silage 


Silage production 


Hogged, grazed, and forage 




1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 




1,000 

acres 

13 

14 

56 

29 

5 

43 

461 

39 

313 


1,000 

acres 

14 

14 

63 

29 

5 

45 

502 

41 

398 


1,000 

acres 

16 

15 

74 

31 

5 

46 

532 

33 

326 


1,000 

tons 
214 
238 
868 
455 
68 
752 

7,146 
566 

5,008 


1,000 

tons 
203 
221 
895 
415 
65 
698 

6,275 
430 

4,776 


1,000 
tons 

264 

255 
1,110 

527 
78 

782 
7,448 

446 
4,890 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 












































11 

1 
6 


11 
3 

7 


14 




3 




6 








973 


1,111 


1,078 


15,315 


13,978 


15,800 


18 


21 


23 






Ohio 


274 

156 

255 

368 

1,007 

1,059 

528 

203 

456 

1,029 

349 

240 


211 
136 
249 
390 
916 
794 
475 
175 
410 
705 
464 
271 


243 
143 
264 
378 
953 
730 
456 
180 
353 
749 
385 
252 


3,452 
2,028 
3,952 
3,864 
10,574 
9,531 
7,128 
2,233 
2,006 
5,351 
3,839 
3,000 


2,954 
2,040 
3,735 
4,290 
10,809 
8,734 
6,888 
2,100 
2,091 
4,935 
4,408 
3,388 


3,451 
2,288 
3,828 
4,347 
10,483 
7,811 
6,840 
1,980 
1,765 
5,243 
5,582 
3,276 


14 

24 
22 
30 
38 
31 
60 
68 
118 
122 
31 
24 


10 
24 
21 
_23 
23 
27 
42 
35 
93 
63 
40 
12 


9 




13 




20 




18 




29 




25 




40 




37 




89 




66 




27 




14 








5,924 


5,196 


5,086 


56,958 


56,372 


56,894 


582 


413 


387 








9 
74 

176 
28 

127 
34 
50 
13 


12 
80 

178 
32 

135 
22 
65 
14 


12 
74 

165 
29 

116 
26 
57 
11 


108 

1,147 

2,464 

406 

1,714 

476 

625 

156 


132 
960 

2,314 
384 

1,822 
286 
715 
168 


174 

1,073 

2,475 

450 

1,624 

299 

513 

121 


2 
4 

14 
2 

36 

24 
144 

58 


2 
4 

13 
1 

30 

22 
154 

59 


1 




4 




11 




2 




31 




20 




158 


Florida.. . 


46 








511 


538 


490 


7,096 


6,781 


6,729 


284 


285 


273 








96 
81 
48 
32 
7 
9 
21 
55 


119 
102 
43 

41 

3 

7 

19 

77 


126 
102 
37 
38 
5 

10 
30 
114 


1,392 

1,094 

528 

416 

74 

90 

357 

852 


1,606 

1,173 

387 

472 

26 

77 

285 

1,155 


1,764 

1,275 

352 

399 

42 

90 

480 

1,596 


15 

22 

63 

10 

3 

9 

3 

27 


7 

20 

56 

9 

3 

8 

1 

12 


6 




18 




60 




9 




6 




6 




4 


Texas 


23 








349 


411 


462 


4,803 


5,181 


5,998 


152 


116 


132 








50 
57 
32 

203 
27 
10 
43 
6 
34 
22 

102 


43 
56 
31 
209 
29 
10 
44 
3 
40 
21 
91 


44 
60 
42 

223 
29 
13 
52 
4 
42 
22 

107 


750 

1,026 

480 

3,248 

459 

210 

796 

102 

612 

374 

1,887 


580 

1,008 

418 

3,448 

450 

195 

748 

48 

800 

368 

1,684 


550 

1,110 

609 

3,680 

.450 

286 

910 

60 

882 

374 

1,980 


12 
2 
4 

12 
1 
1 
2 


21 
2 

7 
12 
3 
1 
1 


13 




2 


Wyoming 

Colorado 


6 
11 
4 


Arizona 

Utab 


1 
1 






Washington 

Oregon 


2 
2 

4 


2 

2 
4 


2 
2 
4 






Western 


586 


577 


638 


9,944 


9,747 


10,891 


42 


55 


46 


United States 


8,343 


7,833 


7,754 


94,116 


92,059 


96,312 


1,078 


890 


861 







1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service 



CORN 



31 



Table 42. 



-Corn: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 » 







Acreage 


2 




Yield per 


acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


■ Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


North America: 


1,000 
acres 

500 

448 
1,682 

959 
15,416 

353 
59,876 


1,000 
acres 

958 

494 

1,920 

1,018 

18,780 

573 

55,707 


1,000 
acres 

978 

544 

2,050 

17^915 

471 

54,758 


Bushels 

71.0 
17.2 
13.2 
12.5 
15.5 
13.9 
62.5 


Bushels 

84.8 
20.6 
15.1 
15.1 
18.0 
14.2 
78.5 


Bushels 

75.0 
21.7 
14.8 

"l5.9 
14.2 

81.2 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 

903 
196 
570 
303 
6,064 
142 
94,562 


1,000 
metric 
tons* 

2,062 
258 
730 
390 

8,600 

206 

111,121 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 

1 864 


El Salvador 


300 




770 




350 




7,000 
170 






112,883 






Total 5 


80,540 


80,790 


78,970 


50.4 


60.3 


61.7 


103,190 


123,790 


123,800 




South America: 


7,008 

19,308 

183 

1,814 
508 
833 
563 

1,058 


8,834 

22,538 

143 

1,829 
519 
890 
435 

1,347 


24,957 

2^039 
531 


28.4 
20.6 
37.9 
17.5 
11.7 
23.2 
10.3 
17.2 


30.7 
20.1 
49.6 
17.2 
13.7 
26.5 
11.7 
21.5 


"22li" 

"ii'A 

15.6 


4,984 
10,112 
176 
807 
151 
497 
147 
461 


6,900 
11,500 
180 
800 
180 
600 
130 
736 


7,000 
14,000 




Chile 




900 


Ecuador 


210 


Peru 
















Total 5 


32,280 


37,555 


40,250 


21.7 


22.6 


23.8 


17,820 


21,520 


24 330 






Europe: 


130 

2,229 

30 

461 
2,817 
1,208 
1,139 


182 
2,533 
143 
338 
2,389 
1,082 
1,292 


290 
2,800 
200 
357 
2,434 
1,030 
1,359 


61.2 
46.4 
51.2 
24.4 
51.2 
18.3 
37.2 


86.2 
81.2 
79.0 
43.8 
65.7 
19.7 
43.9 


86.2 
77.3 
78.7 
46.5 
72.8 
21.3 
52.0 


202 

2,625 

39 

286 
3,661 

562 
1,075 


399 
5,226 

287 

375 
3,988 

548 
1,440 


634 


France 


5,500 
400 




421 


Italy 


4,500 
557 


Spain 


1 700 






Total Western Europe .... 


8,014 


7,922 


8,470 


41.8 


60.9 


63.7 


8,450 


12,263 


13,712 


Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Hungary 


1,610 
509 
3,226 
8,305 
6,118 


1,376 
331 
3,109 
8,263 
6,079 


1,327 
311 

3,262 
8,253 
5,916 


40.7 
39.4 
40.3 
27.4 
36.4 


49.6 
53.8 
47.7 
33.9 
44.1 


63.8 
57.5 
52.6 
35.3 
50.4 


1,665 
509 
3,304 
5,784 
5,664 


1,731 
452 
3,764 
7,105 
6,810 


2,150 

454 

4 356 


Romania 

Yugoslavia 


7,400 
7,580 


Total Eastern Europe 


19,768 


19,158 


19,069 


33.7 


40.8 


45.3 


16,926 


19,862 


21,940 


Total Europe 


27,782 


27,080 


27,539 


36.0 


46.7 


51.0 


25,376 


32,125 


35,652 




U.S.S.R. (Europe and 
Asia) 6 


15,518 


8,278 


12,355 


24.3 


36.1 


39.8 


9,564 


7,600 


12 500 






Turkey 


1,689 
11,200 
7,156 

100 
1,190 
4,759 

922 


1,656 
14,124 
7,937 
44 
1,531 
5,436 


1,668 
14,085 

40 

1,614 


21.4 
15.5 
15.5 
40.9 
M6.5 
10.2 
30.7 


23.8 
15.9 
14.8 
45.6 
16.2 
10.5 


26.0 
16.8 

39^4 
16.1 


916 
4,402 
2,823 

104 

498 
1,230 

720 


1,000 
5,701 
2,993 
51 
629 
1,450 
1,500 


1 100 


India 


6,000 

3,400 

40 


Indonesia 


Pakistan 


662 




1 630 


Thailand 


1 700 














Total 5 


53,400 


59,850 


59,970 


17.2 


18.0 


18.7 


23,390 


27,400 


28,540 




Africa: 


1,122 
1,793 
1,465 
2,743 
13,106 


1,117 
1,564 


1,149 


11.4 
40.0 
10.9 
18.6 
15.5 


8.4 
57.8 


11.4 


297 
1,823 

409 
1,296 
5,147 


240 
2,297 


333 


United Arab Republic 




Angola 




Kenya 


3,000 
12,805 




20.2 




1,542 
4,953 




South Africa, Republic of . . . . 












TotaP 


35,890 


37,910 


37,970 


17.4 


17.8 


19.9 


15,840 


17,100 


19,240 




Oceania: 


206 

8 


198 
15 


174 


33.6 

77.8 


39.3 
89.3 


36.5 


176 
16 


198 
34 


161 










Total* 


214 


213 


189 


35.3 


42.7 




192 


232 


195 






World total 5 


245,620 


251,680 


257,340 


31.3 


35.9 


37.4 


195,400 


229,770 


244,260 























32 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 43. — Corn: Production and farm disposition. United States, 1960-69 



Crop rf- 



Produc- 

ticn for 

rr^r. 



Disposition on farms 
where grcwn 



Feed 
and seed 



Home 



Scld from 

farmi 



Crop of — 



Produc- 
tion for 
grain 



Disposition en farms 
where grown 



Feed 

and seed 



Home Sold from 



farms 



19613. 
1961. 

:.-: 

1963. 

1964. 



3,597,808 

3.606.311 
4.019.23*. 
3.484,253 



1,000 

fosfefc 

2,127,476 

2.115.351 
3,043,973 

: 144 : 

I ■- ■ 



bushels 
2,425 



bushels 
1.777.04S 
1,482.452 
1,562,338 
1,875,132 
1.7:3.454 



1965. 






bushel; 
4,0S4.342 
4.117.355 
, It '- 
4.393.273 
4,577,864 



| 1,000 
bushels 
2. 077. US 
2,038,496 
2,222.601 
2.066.472 
2,087,783 



1,000 1,000 

bushel; bushels 

2,007.224 

i 2.078,859 

2. 53". 475 

I 2,326.801 

2. 490,081 



1 Beginning 1961. estimates discontinued. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actuai disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used, or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 43. 



Table 44. — Corn : Production and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 (preliminary) 







Disposition on farms 






Dispositio 


:. r. :arr = 




Prodac- 


where 


grown 




?::-:- 


where zrown 


5:a>: 


tion for 
grain 






State 


tion for 




















.-Tt: ?.:.z 


Sold from 






Feed and 


:■ :- 






seed 


farms 






seed 


iarms 




- :■■■- 








.... 


1,006 


1,000 




hufcfe 












: .:■-:.: 


New York 


18,525 






Georgia 


47.058 


24.000 


23.058 


New Jersev 


4.941 


2, 125 


2 , 81C 


Florida 


13.962 


6,562 


7,400 


Peimsvlrar-ii 


76,188 


52.57':' 


23.61S 


Kentnckv 


-■ 84f 


4: : ? 


30.738 


Ohio 


232.900 


109.463 


122.437 


Tennessee 


27,830 


18.090 


9.740 


Indiana 


4, ; ".- 


160.566 


285,450 


Alabama 


17.332 


11.786 


5,546 


:" -- : = 


j5( -- 


27".4-"4 


" 




x = . 


- : "- 


1.479 


Michigan 


a 


52.463 


41,221 


Arkansas . . 


1.504 


978 


526 


Wisconsin 


139.772 


104 825 


34.943 


T /in i si an a 


3.88C 


2 B7C 


1,010 


Minnesota. 


355.640 


181.37C 




Oklahoma 


3.770 


1.S5-: 


1,885 


Iowa 


922,768 


495 I-': 


424.473 


Texas 


25.124 


:i.3 •= 


■-3.515 


Mks mi 


182,21 


114.792 


57,418 


Montana 


420 


325 


92 


North Dakota 


5,765 


4.397 


: :-:• 


Idaho 


: • 


1.380 


1.000 


South t akots 


139.479 


S3 -.„" 


': "-: 


\\ voicing 


1,170 


725 


445 


Nebraska 


-:;: 1 


177,8(K 


255.559 


Colorado 


25.753 


9,014 


16.739 


Kar_si; . . 


- i 


23,781 


-' ■ 


New Mexico . . . . 


1.054 


58a 


369 


Jje.i^rare 


13,260 


: 59: 


11.669 


Arizona 


432 


130 


302 


Maryland 


35.799 


12,41C 


2 5, 3 S3 


Wasbingtoi 


2.940 


735 


2.205 


^ irrlma 


33.264 


: ., 


12.640 


Oregon 


78« 


398 


352 


We>- \ :rsinia 


5 v 


2.655 


432 


California 


17.545 


1.071 


15.777 


N orth Carolina 


;c ... 


: .. 


5" -4 
















;:u:r. _ar:_.r_a 


18,894 


9.255 


9.636 


United States 


4.577.5:4 


2.057.753 


2,490,081 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



FOOTNOTES FOP. TABLE 42 

1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hem is phere coun- 
tries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow: thus the crop harvested 
in the Northern Hemisphere in 1969 is combined with preliminary forecasts for the Southern Hemisphere har- 
vest, which begins late in 1969 and ends early in 1970. 

: Harvested acreage as far as possible. 

1 Preliminary. 

* A metric ton is approximately 39.368 bushels. 

5 Estimated totals include allowances for producing countries not shown. 

s Production estimated. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



CORN 33 

Table 45. — Corn: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 




Carryover stocks, Oct. 1 


Produc- 
tion 


Imports 2 




Year beginning 
October 


Farm 


Terminal 

market, 

interior mill, 

elevator, 

and 
warehouse 


Commodity 
Credit 
Corpo- 
ration l 


Total 


Total 
supply 


1959 


MiUion 

bushels 
325 
452 
588 
579 
534 
681 
581 
530 
569 
782 
728 


MiUion 

bushels 

834 
736 
813 
590 
435 
442 
258 
176 
156 
277 
242 


MiUion 

bushels 

565 
599 
615 
484 
396 
414 
308 
134 
98 
103 
143 


Million 

bushels 
1,524 
1,787 
2,016 
1,653 
1,365 
1,537 
1,147 
840 
823 
1,162 
1,113 


MiUion 

bushels 
3,825 
3,907 
3,598 
3,606 
4,019 
3,484 
4,084 
4,117 
4,760 
4,393 
4,578 


Million 
bushels 


MiUion 
bushels 
5,350 


1960 

1961 


5,695 
5,615 


1962 

1963 


5,260 
5,385 


1964 

1965... 

1966 

1967 

1968 3 

1969 s 


5,022 
5,232 
4,958 
5,584 
5,556 
5,692 





Disappearance 


Year 
begin- 


Processed into food and industrial products 


Seed 


Live- 
stock 
feed 5 


Total 

domestic 

use 


Total 
exports 2 




ning 
October 


Break- 
fast 
foods 


Corn- 
meal 
and 

grits 4 


Wet- 
process 
prod- 
ucts 


Alcohol 

and 
distilled 
spirits 


For 

domestic 

use 


Exports 
of 
prod- 
ucts 


Total 
disap- 
pearance 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


MiUion 
bushels 
16 
16 
17 
18 
19 
19 
20 
21 
21 
22 


Million 
bushels 
95 
96 
102 
105 
111 
109 
111 
117 
117 
114 


MiUion 
bushels 
154 
155 
169 
179 
195 
201 
204 
205 
210 
217 


MiUion 
bushels 
31 
33 
36 
28 
26 
28 
30 
33 
34 
33 


Million 
bushels 
278 
284 
304 
311 
328 
337 
348 
355 
362 
371 


MiUion 
bushels 
18 
16 
20 
19 
23 
20 
17 
21 
20 
15 


Million 
bushels 
12 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
13 
14 
12 
12 


MiUion 
bushels 
3,043 
3,092 
3,212 
3,157 
3,009 
2,957 
3,344 
3,279 
3,415 
3,524 


Million 
bushels 
3,333 
3,387 
3,527 
3,479 
3.348 
3,305 
3,705 
3,648 
3,789 
3.907 


MiUion 
bushels 
230 
292 
435 
416 
500 
570 
687 
487 
633 
536 


MiUion 
bushels 
3,563 
3,679 
3,962 
3,895 
3,848 
3,875 
4,392 
4,135 
4,422 
4,443 



1 Owned by CCC and stored in bins or other storage owned or controlled by CCC. Additional CCC stocks 
are included in other off-farm positions. 

2 Grain and grain equivalent of corn products. Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Estimated quantities used in producing cornmeal (including farm household use), flour, hominy grits, and 
flakes for human food and for the production of fermented malt liquors. Based on reports of the Bureau of 
the Census and the Internal Revenue Service. 

5 Residual; includes minor uses and waste. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 46. 



34 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 46. — Corn and cornmeal: United States exports (domestic) by country of 
destination, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 



Country of destination 



Corn: 

Canada 1 

Other Americas. 



Total Americas. 

Belgium and Lux- 
embourg 

Germany, West . . . 

Greece 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Spain 

United Kingdom. . 
Other Europe 



Total Europe. 



Year beginning July 



Average 
1960-64 



1,000 
bushels 
22,992 
9,472 



32,464 



23,656 

25,458 

5,956 

7,865 
33,598 
67,162 

3,049 
23,304 
90,093 
16,750 



1,000 

bushels 
31,028 
13,368 



196S 



1,000 
bushels 
31,458 
11,025 



Country of destination 



Year beginning July 



Average 
1960-64 



Cornmeal: 
Canada 

Dominican Repub- 



44,396 



22,151 

49,073 

7,398 

3,117 

73,511 

122,178 

2,295 

37.578 

68,583 

32.731 



42, 



India 

Israel 

Japan 

Other Asia and 

Oceania 

United Arab 

Republic. . . 
Other Africa. .. 



World total 



296,891 ! 418.615 



4,097 

6,685 

45,036 

3,983 

9,965 



404,320 



Relief or charity 



1,207 



2,855 

6,392 

89,726 

5,322 



4,183 



20,955 
42,193 
11,393 

755 
60,427 
102,785 

202 

6,603 

65,087 

33,770 



Brazil 

Colombia 

Venezuela 

Other Americas. 



Total Americas . 



Cwt. 

108,740 

126,902 
197,158 
153,169 
50,634 
653,184 



'1,379,787 



1967 



Cwt. 

655,7 



344,403 

67,947 

3,324 

432,555 



1,581,841 



Portugal 

Other Europe . . . 

Total Europe. 



344,170 



48 

3,475 

107,566 

10,641 



2,780 



29,431 
234,501 



263,932 



520,901 



571,489 



511,163 



India 

Korea, Republic 
of . . . 

Philippines 

Vietnam, South. . 

Other Asia and 
Oceania 

Morocco 

Senegal 

South Africa, Re- 
public of 

United Arab Re- 
public 311,402 

Other Africa 559,827 



1,143,705 
241,146 
110,130 

95,572 

2,215 

29,748 

2,215 



9,03/ 



87,005 



163,441 

572,694 

44,975 
452,501 

162,776 

371,504 
159,421 

26,343 

12,981 

379,487 



Cirt. 
589,267 

222,293 
188,086 
38,087 
5,368 
377,283 



1,420,384 



70,497 



70,497 



10,051 

117,364 

45,848 
357,473 



475,867 
65,814 



'0,265 



1,522,919 



216 



World total... 
Relief or charity 



',580 .4,014,969 j 4,226,090 



.4,047,904 



1,898,443 



2,656,472 



1 Transshipments through Canada have been included in data for countries of ultimate destination. 

2 Included in world total by country of destination. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 47. — Corn: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Suppcrt price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farmers 


Put under support 3 


Acquired 
byCCC 

under 
support 
program 4 


Owned 


Year beginning October 


Per 
bushel l 


Percentage 
of parity 2 


Quantity 


Percentage 
of pro- 
duction 


by CCC 
Sept. 30 


1960 


Dollars 

1.06 

1.20 

1.20 

5 1.25 

51.25 

5 1.25 

5 1.30 

5 1.35 

5 1.35 

5 1.35 

51.35 


Percent 
65 
74 
75 
79 
80 
80 
81 
83 
82 
78 
6 76 


Dollars 
1.00 
1.10 
1.12 
1.11 
1.17 
1.16 
1.24 
1.03 
1.08 
6 1.13 


Million 
bushels 
637 
659 
591 
395 
216 
215 
264 
497 
404 
6 385 


Percent 
16.3 
18.3 
16.4 
9.8 
6.2 
5.3 
6.4 
10.4 
9.2 
6 8.4 


Million 

bushels 
407 
619 
450 

18 

17 
8 

12 
163 

11 


Million 
bushels 
1,371 


1961 


867 


1962 


803 


1963 


828 


1964 

1965 


540 
249 


1966. . 


139 


1967 

1968 


182 
295 


1969 




1970. . . 



















1 Support to cooperators; noncooperators not eligible for support. 

2 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

3 Represents loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

4 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

5 Includes price-support payments of 18 cents in 1963, 15 cents in 1964, 20 cents in 1965, and 30 cents in 
1966-70 on a designated portion of the crop; proportions vary from year to year. 

6 Preliminary. 

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 
table 48. 



CORN 35 

Table 48. — Corn: Average price per bushel, selected grades and markets, 1959-68 



Year beginning 
October 






No. 3 Yellow « 


No. 2 

Yellow, 

San 

Fransicso 2 


No. 3 

White, 
Kansas 
City 1 


Chicago 


Kansas 
City 


Minne- 
apolis 


Omaha 


St. Louis 


1959 

1960 


Dollars 
1.17 
1.10 
1.11 
1.19 
1.20 
1.26 
1.27 
1.36 
1.12 
1.17 


Dollars 
1.10 
1.05 
1.10 
1.20 
1.23 
1.30 
1.27 
1.37 
1.18 
1.17 


Dollars 
1.03 
.99 
1.02 
1.11 
1.13 
1.20 
1.22 
1.29 
1.08 
1.14 


Dollars 
1.07 
1.01 
1.03 
1.13 
1.17 
1.26 
1.23 
1.30 
1.11 
1.17 


Dollars 
1.12 
1.07 
1.11 
1.22 
1.24 
1.28 
1.20 
1.42 
1.10 
1.16 


Dollars 
1.52 
1.48 
1.50 
3 1.54 
1.58 
1.61 
1.58 
1.60 
1.46 
1.53 


Dollars 
1.15 
1.23 


1961 

1962 

1963 


1.48 
1.22 
1.32 


1964 


1.55 


1965 

1966 


1.37 
1.49 


1967. . 


1.21 


1968 4 


1.63 



1 Average of daily prices weighted by carlot sales, as reported in trade papers published at the various markets. 

2 Average of bulk-of -sales price for a day each week, compiled by Grain Division, Consumer and Marketing 
Service. 

3 Beginning 1962, prices are quoted at Stockton, California, 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 49. 



Table 49. — Oats: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1954-69 





Acreage 
seeded l 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 
for 
grain 


Yield 
per har- 
vested 

acre 


Production 


Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 

by 
farmers 2 


Farm 
value 


Average 
price per 
bushel 
at Chi- 
cago, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
July 3 


Foreign trade, in- 
cluding meal, year 
beginning July 4 


Year 


Do- 
mestic 
exports 5 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 6 


1954 7 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

37,921 

40,551 

39,027 

33,333 

34,065 

31,247 

26,573 

27,758 

26,588 

23,886 

22,377 

21,308 

18,936 

19,759 

18,479 

17,861 

16,017 

17,533 

18,003 


Bushels 
34.7 
34.8 
38.3 
34.5 
37.9 
44.8 
37.7 
37.8 
43.4 
42.3 
45.2 
45.3 
42.7 
43.1 
50.2 
44.9 
49.3 
53.6 
52.8 


1,000 bushels 

1,314,142 

1,409,601 

1,495,978 

1,151,398 

1,289,880 

1,401,410 

1,001,092 

1,050,051 

1,153,332 

1,010,314 

1,012,197 

965,510 

808,397 

852,257 

926,851 

801,327 

789,196 

939,228 

949,874 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 


Cents 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


46,898 
47,494 
44,205 
41,840 
37,699 


7J.4 
60.0 
68.6 
60.5 

57.8 


1,002,206 
889,985 
792,080 
783,121 
811,033 


79 
65 
78 
69 
70 


15,427 
29,084 
27,293 
28,019 
31,892 


20,024 
3,088 
16,799 
24,532 
3,460 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


35,064 
31,419 
32,314 
29,500 
28,054 


64.6 
59.9 
64.2 
62.4 
62.2 


677,186 
692,694 
649,553 
635,586 
608,219 


76 
69 
71 
70 
66 


45,351 
29,251 
21,075 
24,459 
5,711 


1,987 
1,332 
1,145 
4,357 
3,965 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 8 


25,634 
24,010 
23,301 
20,646 
23,166 
23,636 


63.1 
62.2 
66.5 
65.9 
59.9 
57.4 


540,875 
585,453 
538,421 
525,257 
569,114 
552,923 


72 
75 
77 
76 
64 


4,750 
36,975 
18,851 
10,068 

8,114 


3,806 
3,487 
3,844 
3,205 
2,089 











1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of oats sown for all purposes, including oats sown in 
the preceding fall. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

s Compiled from reports of the Chicago Board of Trade; average of daily quotations for No. 2 white, weighted 
by carlot sales. 

4 Compiled from reports of the Department of Commerce. Oatmeal converted to grain equivalent on the 
basis of a bushel of grain to 13.17 pounds of meal. 

5 Includes shipments under the Army Civilian Supply Program. 

6 Includes "oats, unhulled, ground." 

7 Excludes some minor producing States and parts of other States where oats were not asked separately. 

8 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture re- 
turns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 50. 



36 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 50. — Oats : Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State and 
division 


Acreage seeded l 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 3 for crop of— 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




1,000 

acres 
38 
30 

501 
16 

508 

1,093 


1,000 

acres 

39 

24 

461 

16 

503 

1,043 


1,000 

acres 

41 

18 

410 

16 

488 

973 


1,000 

acres 

31 

8 

429 

11 

450 


1,000 

acres 

32 

7 

420 

11 

477 


1,000 

acres 

34 

6 

365 

10 

444 


1,000 

bushels 

1,395 

296 
22,308 

473 
20,250 


1,000 

bushels 

1,664 

294 
24,780 

517 
26,712 


1,000 

bushels 

1,564 

240 
20,440 

400 
22,644 


Cents 
79 
100 

79 
86 
80 


Cents 
74 
95 
70 

77 
71 


Cents 
65 


Vermont 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 


95 
73 

77 
72 


North Atlantic. . 


929 


947 


859 


44,722 


53,967 


45,288 
















Ohio 

Indiana 


544 
349 

945 

483 

1,838 

3,048 

2,535 

369 

1,910 

2,457 

569 

218 


762 

475 

1,115 

589 

1,838 

3,655 

3.017 

351 

2,254 

2.580 

632 

222 


671 

432 

1,148 

471 

1,764 

3,618 

2,866 

260 

2,660 

2.657 

683 

200 


488 

274 

756 

462 

1.757 

2,885 

1,860 

219 

1,702 

2,311 

483 

161 


683 

359 

756 

559 

1,739 

3,289 

1,804 

243 

2,110 

2,357 

464 

180 


560 

334 

718 

458 

1,687 

3.453 

1,840 

170 

2,490 

2.357 

548 

160 


24.400 
13,152 

43,848 

24,486 
107,177 
157,232 
101,370 
8,541 

62,974 
107,462 

21,010 
5,796 


45,078 
22,617 
49,896 
32,981 
106,079 
197,340 
106,436 
10,935 
103,390 
106,085 
12,760 
6,840 


32,480 

19,706 

43,798 

26,106 

102,907 

193,368 

92,000 

6,290 

139,440 

109,600 

23,838 

6,080 


73 
72 
67 
70 
70 
61 
68 
75 
55 
60 
68 
76 


58 
62 
60 
57 
65 
56 
63 
70 
51 
56 
67 
73 


59 
59 
58 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota .... 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


57 
64 
55 
59 
70 
47 
53 
63 
71 








North Central . . 


15,263 


17,490 


17,430 


13,358 


14,543 


14,775 


677,448 


800,417 


795,613 


















Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina.. . . 

Georgia 

Florida 


4 

32 

112 

32 

273 

191 

208 

26 


3 
35 
108 
30 
265 
162 
200 
26 


4 
33 
104 
23 
252 
152 
200 
27 


3 

25 
55 
15 

142 
95 

100 
11 


2 
31 
55 
16 
131 
81 
90 
11 


3 
28 
49 
12 
131 
83 
94 
11 


132 
1.200 
2.860 

615 
6,532 
3,420 
3,500 

407 


80 

1,674 
2,640 

704 
6,419 
3,200 
3,780 

440 


159 
1,540 
2,401 

504 
6,681 
3 ; 901 
4,888 

495 


73 

74 
78 
87 
75 
82 
82 
88 


70 

70 
75 
79 
71 
76 
79 
82 


72 

72 
70 
83 
70 
76 
79 
82 




878 


829 


795 


446 


417 


411 


18,666 


18,937 


20,569 
















Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama. ........ 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


75 

141 

136 

130 

99 

70 

206 

1,357 


58 

148 

116 

130 

91 

75 

241 

1,628 


55 
148 
116 
100 
117 

62 

287 

1,937 


19 
45 
30 
60 
73 
38 
112 
315 


22 
43 
28 
55 
68 
30 
132 
583 


19 

43 
29 
50 
68 
28 
158 
670 


760 
1,845 
1,050 
3,300 
4,307 
1,558 
3,360 
6,615 


880 
1,763 

980 
3,025 
4,080 
1,140 
4,488 
19,822 


836 
1,892 
1,102 
2,500 
4,556 
1,120 
6,478 
25,460 


75 

84 
84 
73 
75 

78 
78 
82 


74 
82 
80 
73 
76 
75 
74 
74 


73 

84 
79 
69 
70 
76 
69 
69 




2,214 


2,487 


2.822 


692 


961 


1,065 


22,795 


36,178 


43,944 


















Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 


244 

73 

118 

114 

30 

10 

61 

155 

393 


293 

85 

112 

135 

34 

10 

80 

163 

404 


460 
120 
134 
182 
31 
10 
112 
170 
397 


140 
62 
92 
60 
21 
1 
37 
94 
85 


182 
74 
77 
71 
21 
2 
50 

103 
85 


291 
100 

94 
100 

22 
3 

75 
113 

95 


5,180 
2,976 
4,048 
2,610 
1,281 
50 
1,665 
3,760 
3,995 


7,280 
3,848 
3,465 
2,627 
1,092 
80 
2,300 
4,532 
4,505 


14,550 
5,500 
3,478 
4,300 
1,210 
144 
4,200 
6,328 
4,750 


64 

71 
68 
79 
80 
84 
83 
83 
84 


61 
68 
64 
75 
79 
85 
76 
75 
82 


55 

65 
68 
71 
78 
83 
68 
68 
82 




1,198 


1,317 


1,616 


592 


665 


893 


25,565 


29,729 


44,460 
















United States . . . 


20,646 


23,166 


23.635 


16,017 


17,533 


18,003 


789,196 


939,228 


949,874 


65.9 


59.9 


57.4 



1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of oats sown for all purposes, including oats sown in 
the preceding fall. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes allowance for unredeemed^ loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



OATS 



37 



Table 51. — Oats: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 





Acreage 2 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 

1960- 
64 


1968 


1969 s 


Aver- 
age 

1960- 
64 


1968 


1969 s 


Aver- 
age 

1960- 
64 


1968 


1969 s 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

9,210 

213 

22,784 


1,000 
acres 
7,556 
136 
17,533 


1,000 
acres 
7,655 
91 
18,003 


Bush- 
els 
42.7 
23.3 
43.9 


Bush- 
els 
48.0 
15.2 
53.6 


Bush- 
els 
48.5 
15.1 

52.8 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 
6,070 
72 
14,496 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 
5,591 
30 
13,633 


1,000 

metric 
tons* 
5,728 


Mexico 


20 

13,787 






Total 


32,207 


25,225 


25,749 


44.1 


52.6 


52.3 


20,638 


19,254 


19,535 






South America: 


1,502 
275 

204 


1,095 
200 
220 


188' 

185 


34.3 
31.4 

22.0 


30.8 
32.7 

22.9 


' 33!3 

22.3 


748 
125 
65 


490 
95 
73 


381 


Chile 


91 




60 






Total 6 


1,981 


1,515 


1,273 


32.6 


29.9 


28.8 


938 


858 


532 






Europe: 


376 

308 

472 

1,153 

3,254 

1,883 

311 

352 

1,003 

39 

282 

136 

689 

1,347 

1,240 

33 

1,529 


294 

215 

539 

1,208 

2,345 

2,029 

257 

217 

798 

32 

188 

124 

554 

1,265 

1,147 

20 

944 


252 

208 

504 

1,295 

2,147 

2,125 

235 

188 

771 

35 

203 

114 

531 

1,231 

1,127 

25 

944 


61.5 
93.5 

101.2 
50.5 
55.6 
80.9 
33.1 
71.6 
36.1 
65.4 

103.8 
70.4 
7.9 
23.5 
70.7 
89.8 
76.8 


75.9 

100.9 

110.4 

60.7 

74.3 

98.2 

28.0 

86.6 

33.7 

73.2 

116.5 

97.6 

16.1 

28.5 

91.5 

105.0 

89.4 


78.6 
93.7 

104.6 
61.0 
75.4 
96.5 
34.9 
84.0 
43.9 
86.6 

109.3 
69.3 
11.1 
29.8 
67.0 
92.0 
98.5 


336 
418 
693 
846 

2,628 

2,211 
150 
366 
525 
37 
425 
139 
79 
459 

1,272 
43 

1,705 


324 

315 

863 

1,064 

2,528 

2,893 

105 

273 

390 

34 

318 

176 

129 

522 

1,523 

30 

1,225 


288 




283 




765 




1,146 




2,349 




2,376 




119 




230 


Italy 


491 




44 




322 




114 




85 




533 




1,096 




34 




1,350 








14,407 


12,176 


11,935 


59.0 


71.9 


70.6 


12,332 


12,712 


12,225 








373 

1,097 
835 
245 

3,988 
447 
801 


237 
1,011 
633 
133 
3,447 
326 
704 


188 
988 
618 
116 
3,212 
321 
675 


30.3 
54.6 
74.3 
34.9 
46.6 
28.7 
30.1 


20.4 
59.2 
94.0 
35.2 
57.8 
24.1 
28.9 


28 .6 
67.4 
82.7 
46.9 
60.3 
34.6 
31.4 


164 
870 
900 
124 
2,700 
186 
350 


70 

869 
864 
68 
2,891 
114 
295 


78 




967 




742 




79 


Poland 


2,810 




161 




308 








7,786 


6,491 


6,118 


46.8 


54.9 


57.9 


5,294 


5,171 


5,145 






Total Europe 


22,193 


18,667 


18.053 


54.7 


66.0 


66.3 


17,626 


17,883 


17 370 






U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 7 


21,050 


22,239 


22,239 


21.5 


30.0 


30.9 


6,560 


9,700 


9,960 






Asia : 
Turkey 


1,019 

192 


902 
101 


927 

84 


31.3 
54.3 


34.4 
63.4 


35.7 
54.8 


463 
151 


450 
93 


480 




67 






Total 6 


4,849 


4,433 


4,441 


21.3 


21.1 


21.1 


1,502 


1,359 


1,363 






Africa: 


68 
509 


49 
688 


52 


20 2 
15.6 


34.7 
14.5 


21.2 


17 
115 


25 
145 


16 




129 






Total 6 


710 


822 


782 


16.0 


15.9 


14.1 


165 


190 


160 






Oceania: 


3,383 
33 


3,872 
39 


4,800 
38 


25.0 
85.9 


30.4 
90.1 


24.0 
79.8 


1,228 
41 


1,710 
51 


1,669 


New Zealand 


44 






Total 


3,416 


3,911 


4,838 


25.6 


31.0 


24.4 


1,269 


1,761 


1,713 




World total 6 


86,400 


76,800 


77,400 


38.8 


45.6 


45.0 


48,700 


50,800 


50,600 







See footnotes on page 38. 



38 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 52. — Oats: Production and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 







Farm disposition 


Crop of — 


Production 


Farm disposition 


Crop of — 1 Production 


Feed and 
seed 


Sold 

from farms 


Feed and 
seed 


Sold 
from farms 


1960 

1961 


1,000 
bushels 
1,153,332 
1,010,314 
1,012,197 
965,510 
852,257 


1,000 
bushels 
813,298 
729,629 
720,484 
656,936 
570,425 


1,000 

bushels 
340,034 
280,685 
291,713 
308,574 
281,832 


| 1965 

; 1966 


1,000 

bushels 
926,851 
801,327 
789,196 
939,228 
949,874 


1,000 
bushels 
612,966 
525,833 
523,440 
586,071 
577,929 


1,000 

bushels 
313,885 
275 494 


1962 

1963 


! 1967 

1968 


265,756 
353,157 


1964 


| 1969 • 


371,945 









1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 53. 



Table 53. — Oats: Production and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 

(preliminary) 





Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


State 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


State 


Feed 

and seed 


Sold from 
farms 


Feed 
and seed 


Sold from 
farms 




1,000 

bushels 

1,564 

240 

20,440 

400 

22,644 

32,480 

19,706 

43,798 

26,106 

102,907 

193,368 

92,000 

6,290 

139,440 

109.600 

23,838 

6,080 

159 

1,540 

.. 2,401 


1,000 

bushels 

516 

190 

16,148 

312 

18,115 

17,864 

10,247 

23,651 

16,186 

86,442 

96,684 

67,160 

5,472 

69,720 

70,144 

16,687 

4,256 

142 

1,263 

1,801 

471 

4,209 


1,000 
bushel? 
1,048 
50 
4,292 
88 
4,529 
14,616 ! 
9,459 
20,147 ! 
9,920 , 
16,465 : 
96,684 
24,840 
818 
69,720 
39,456 
7,151 I 
1,824 
17 
277 
600 
33 
2,472 | 




1,000 

bushels 

3,901 

4,888 

495 

836 

1,892 

1,102 

2,500 

4,556 

1,120 

6,478 

25,460 

14,550 

5,500 

3,478 

4,300 

1,210 

144 

4,200 

6,328 

4,750 


1,000 
bushels 
2,107 
2,395 

332 

686 
1,343 

793 
1,100 
1,048 

750 
4,340 
12,985 
10,040 
2,365 
2,295 
2,193 

920 

112 
1,470 
2,215 

760 


1,000 
bushels 
1,794 






2,493 






163 






150 






549 


Ohio 




309 






1,400 






3,508 






370 






2,138 






12,475 






4,510 






3,135 






1,183 






2,107 




Utah . 


290 






32 




Washington 

Oregon 

California 


2,730 




4,113 




3,990 


West Virginia 


504 
6,681 




949,874 


577,929 


371,945 









Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 51 

1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere 
countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus the crop har- 
vested in the Northern Hemisphere in 1969 is combined with preliminary forecasts for the Southern Hemisphere 
harvest, which begins late in 1969 and ends early in 1970. 2 Harvested acreage as far as possible. 3 Prelim- 
inary. 4 A metric ton is approximately 68.8944 bushels. 5 Production and yield reported in bushels of 34 
pounds. 6 Estimated totals include allowance for any missing data for countries shown and for other pro- 
ducing countries not shown. ' Production estimated. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches, and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research and related information. 



OATS 39 

Table 54.— Oats: Stocks on and off farms, United States, 1960-69 



Year 




On farms 






Off farms 2 






















October 




















Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 » 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 » 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1960 


960,326 


765,414 


483,528 


267,647 


121,272 


85,124 


74,128 


56,791 


1961 


858,326 


693,432 


431,208 


228,401 


113,169 


80,132 


62,968 


47,878 


1962 


853,700 


688,926 


424,174 


230,201 


109,399 


77,099 


61,523 


42,535 


1963 


820,559 


677,593 


439,798 


249,038 


112,871 


85,382 


71,726 


63,328 


1964 


728,806 


604,466 


389,532 


213,738 


120,316 


87,774- 


71,050 


62,770 


1965 


780,118 


659,865 


448,355 


240,746 


138,613 


102,605 


87,258 


75,460 


1966 


677,685 


556,765 


354,567 


198,940 


156,250 


105,110 


87,895 


71,346 


1967 


646,183 


548,803 


361,671 


206,173 


135,670 


104,378 


83,534 


66,511 


1968 


782,012 


660,692 


442,820 


275,218 


154,655 


123,227 


109,377 


99,949 


1969 3 


829,616 


723,295 


528,779 




193,728 


160,986 


143,390 











1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by 
Commodity Credit Corporation which are in bins and other storages under CCC control. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 55. 

Table 55. — Oats: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 




Carryover stocks, July 1 


Production 


Imports 2 




Year 

beginning 

July 


Farm 


Terminal 
market, 
interior 

mill, 
elevator, 

and 
warehouse 


Commodity 

Credit 
Corporation l 


Total 


Total 
supply 


1959 

1960 


MiUion 
bushels 
297 
227 
268 
228 
230 
249 
214 
241 
199 
206 
275 


MiUion 

bushels 

62 
39 
55 
46 
40 
58 
56 
66 
64 
60 
93 


Million 

bushels 

7 
1 
1 
2 
3 
5 
7 
9 
7 
7 
7 


MiUion 
bushels 
366 
267 
324 
276 
273 
312 
277 
316 
270 
273 
375 


MiUion 

bushels 

1,050 

1,153 

1,010 

1,012 

966 

852 

927 

801 

789 

939 

950 


MiUion 
bushels 
2 
1 
1 
4 
4 
4 
3 
4 
3 
2 
3 


MiUion 

bushels 
1,418 
1,421 


1961 

1962 

1963 


1,335 
1,292 
1,243 


1964 


1,168 


1965 

1966 

1967 


1,207 
1,121 
1,062 
1,214 


1968 3 


1969 3 


1,328 





Disappearance 


Year 

beginning 

July 


Breakfast foods * 


Seed 


Live- 
stock 
feed 5 


Domestic 

disap- 
pearance 


Exports 2 


Total 




Domestic 
use 


Total 


Grain 


Oat 
products 


Total 


disap- 
pearance 


1959 


MiUion 
bushels 
42 
43 
44 
46 
45 
45 
45 
43 
44 
46 


MiUion 
bushels 
44 
45 
46 
47 
46 
46 
46 
46 
48 
50 


MiUion 
bushels 
79 
82 
75 
71 
65 
61 
60 
53 
60 
61 


MiUion 
bushels 
985 
943 
919 
878 
815 
780 
749 
735 
675 
724 


MiUion 

bushels 

1,106 

1,068 

1,038 

995 

925 

886 

854 

831 

779 

831 


MiUion 

bushels 

43 

27 

19 

23 

5 

4 

36 

17 

6 

4 


MiUion 
bushels 
2 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
3 
4 
4 


MiUion 

bushels 

45 

29 

21 

24 

6 

5 

37 

20 

10 

8 


MiUion 
bushels 
1,151 


1960 


1,097 


1961 


1,059 


1962 


1,019 
931 


1963 


1964 


891 


1965 


891 


1966 . . . 


851 


1967 '. 


789 


1968 . . . 


839 







See footnotes on page 40. 



40 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 56.- 



-Oats and oatmeal: United States exports (domestic) by country of 
destination, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 





Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Oats: 

Mexico 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Germany, West 

Italy 

Netherlands 


1,000 
bushels 
53 

948 
2,744 
1,091 
7,854 

791 
1,983 


1,000 
bushels 
122 

568 
1,076 

866 
2,089 

562 

238 


1,000 
bushels 
242 

414 


Oatmeal: 

Mexico 

Central America 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Venezuela 

Other Americas 


1,000 
pounds 
8,382 
6,124 
2,646 
148 
7,549 
1,129 


1,000 
pounds 
5,007 
8.726 
1,200 
1,684 
2,345 

13,860 
565 

43,627 
7,205 


1,000 
pounds 
2.336 
8,336 
3,692 
92 
8,193 


2,333 
509 
290 


16,389 


Other countries 


Vietnam, South 

Other countries 


56 
3,645 


24,721 
16.355 


World total 1 


15,464 


5,521 


3,788 


World total 


29,679 


84,219 


80,114 



1 Transshipments through Canada have been included in data for countries of ultimate destination. 
Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 57. — Oats: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farmers 


Put under support 2 


Acquired 

by CCC 

under 

support 

program 3 


Owned 


Year beginning July 


Per 

bushel 


Percentage 
cf parity l 


Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


by CCC 
June 30 


1960 


Dollars 
0.50 
.62 
.62 
.65 
.65 
.60 
.60 
.63 
.63 
.63 
.63 


Percent 
60 
74 
74 
77 
77 
70 
69 
72 
71 
67 
4 66 


Dollars 
0.599 
.642 
.624 
.622 
.631 
.622 
.665 
.659 
.599 
4 .574 


Million 

bushels 
19.7 
20.6 
32.0 
38.9 
43.1 
44.3 
22.9 
37.1 
94.8 
4 140.0 


Percent 
1.7 
2.0 
3.2 
4.0 
5.1 
4.8 
2.9 
4.7 
10.1 
4 14.7 


Million 

bushels 

0.5 

8.4 

19.0 

31.9 

25.1 

5.5 

1.5 

2.7 

26.2 


Million 
bushels 
10.4 


1961 


16.7 


1962... 


18.6 


1963 


33.2 


1964 


42.2 


1965 

1966 


50.6 
47.2 


1967 

1968 


45.2 
64.3 


1969 . 




1970. . . 



















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

3 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 58. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 55 

1 Owned by CCC and stored in bins or other storage owned or controlled by CCC. Additional CCC stocks 
are included in other off-farm positions. 

2 Includes grain and grain equivalent of oat products. Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 

3 Preliminary. Rough allowance for 1969-70 imports. 

4 Used in production of oatmeal and other cereal preparations. Based on the reports of the Bureau of the 
Census. 

5 Residual; includes other minor uses and waste. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 56. 



BARLEY 



41 



Table 58. 



Barley : Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 
1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 
seeded ' 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 
for 
grain 


Yield 
per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 

by 
farmers 2 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 
bushel at 
Minne- 
apolis, 
year 
beginning 
August 3 


Foreign trade in- 
cluding barley, flour, 
and malt, year 
beginning July 4 




Do- 
mestic 
exports 5 


Imports 
for con- 
sumption 


1954 6 • • ■ • 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

12,556 

13,370 

14,523 

12,852 

14,872 

14,791 

14,199 

14,869 

13,856 

12,806 

12,214 

11,236 

9,805 

10,277 

9,144 

10,205 

9,177 

9,709 

9,388 


Bushels 
28.3 
28.4 
27.8 
29.3 
29.8 
32.3 
28.1 
28.3 
31.0 
30.6 
35.0 
35.0 
36.9 
37.6 
42.9 
38.5 
40.6 
43.6 
44.4 


1,000 
bushels 
354,716 
379,254 
403,065 
376,661 
442,761 
477,368 
398,312 
420,203 
429,005 
392,441 
427,726 
392,833 
362,198 
386,059 
392,279 
393,186 
372,898 
422,959 
417,156 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


14,740 
16,293 
14,732 
16,398 
16,150 


1.09 
.920 
.990 
.887 
.900 


408,828 
369,752 
370,508 
389,461 
426,902 


1.32 
1.15 
1.20 
1.17 
1.15 


43,463 
102,890 
61,842 
91,582 
116,685 


24,109 
28,275 
26,542 
24,387 
14,311 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1984 


16,766 
15,527 
15,623 
14.380 
13,452 


.860 
.840 
.979 
.915 

.897 


357,584 
355,248 
376,112 
385,871 
350,020 


1.09 
1.07 
1.33 
1.11 
1.09 


118,200 
85,702 
84,409 
67,500 
70,650 


17,880 
15,252 
19,543 
5,404 
12,475 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 7 


11,652 
10,099 
11,134 
10,002 
10,477 
10,158 


.947 
1.02 
1.05 
1.00 

.908 
.896 


362,098 
395,389 
408,394 
368,511 
381,227 
370,429 


1.20 
1.32 
1.33 
1.23 
1.16 


60,662 
77,029 
45,241 
31,288 
13,204 


11,954 
7,573 
7,382 
8,305 
9,967 











1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of barley sown for all purposes, including barley sown 
in the preceding fall. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

3 Price of No. 3 barley; average of daily prices weighted by carlot sales, as reported in the Minneapolis Di ily 
Market Record. 

4 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Barley flour converted to grain equivalent 
on the basis of 22.032 pounds of flour to 1 bushel of grain. Barley malt converted to grain equivalent on the 
basis of 1 bushel of grain to 1 bushel of malt. 

5 Includes shipments under the Army Civilian Supply Program. 

6 Excludes some minor producing States and parts of other States where barley was not asked separately, 

7 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture re- 
turns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 59. 



42 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 59. — Barley: Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage seeded l 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 


s for crop of— 
























division 




























1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 










acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


New York 


13 


17 


14 


12 


16 


13 


588 


816 


624 


0.98 


0.87 


0.84 


New Jersey 


38 


42 


42 


18 


22 


20 


1,008 


1,078 


1,100 


1.06 


.90 


.93 


Pennsylvania 


173 


190 


200 


165 


185 


191 


9,900 


9,805 


9,741 


.99 


.84 


.90 




224 


249 


256 


195 


223 


224 


11,496 


11,699 


11,465 
















Ohio 


16 

14 


22 
11 


24 
10 


12 
11 


19 
10 


20 
9 


552 
462 


912 
410 


920 
342 


.87 
.90 


.84 
.83 


.85 


Indiana 


.85 


Illinois 


19 


25 


19 


19 


23 


18 


874 


1,012 


720 


.88 


.86 


.81 


Michigan 


21 


29 


25 


20 


27 


23 


840 


1,269 


1,081 


.90 


.79 


.79 


Wisconsin 


46 


60 


36 


45 


59 


35 


2,250 


3,304 


1,925 


1.13 


.87 


.84 


Minnesota 


760 


1,011 


637 


753 


979 


627 


34,638 


46,013 


28,842 


.99 


.87 


.82 


Iowa 


5 


6 


5 


5 


6 


5 


220 


294 


230 


.92 


.84 


.85 


Missouri 


31 


28 


26 


26 


25 


22 


962 


1,000 


770 


.99 


.94 


.89 


North Dakota .... 


2,751 


2,696 


2,238 


2,653 


2,626 


2,180 


87,549 


106,353 


92,650 


.90 


.80 


.75 


South Dakota 


327 


507 


350 


319 


491 


324 


13,079 


19,149 


11,340 


.94 


.85 


.79 


Nebraska 


29 


41 


33 


25 


35 


25 


875 


1,155 


850 


.95 


.88 


.90 


Kansas 


119 


125 


200 


80 


100 


165 


2,160 


3,700 


6,105 


.98 


.91 


.81 








4,138 


4,561 


3,603 


3,968 
22 


4,400 


3,453 


144,461 


184,571 


145,775 
















Delaware 


29 


26 


29 


20 


20 


1,078 


840 


960 


.92 


.79 


.86 


Maryland 


110 


112 


116 


92 


97 


99 


4,600 


4,365 


4,752 


.95 


.81 


.84 


Virginia 


133 


140 


134 


117 


121 


117 


5,967 


5,566 


5,850 


1.00 


.90 


.89 


West Virginia 


12 


12 


10 


11 


10 


9 


517 


380 


396 


1.01 


.89 


.83 


North Carolina 


79 


74 


70 


66 


65 


61 


2,772 


3,185 


2,989 


1.00 


.90 


.92 


South Carolina 


27 


23 


23 


23 


20 


19 


644 


720 


855 


1.01 


.92 


.96 


Georgia 


11 


7 


6 


9 


6 


5 


279 


228 


230 


.98 


.97 


.95 




401 


394 


388 


340 


339 


330 


15,857 


15,284 


16,032 
















Kentucky 


47 


47 


52 


36 


37 


41 


1,512 


1,517 


2,050 


.99 


.93 


.85 


Tennessee 


23 


22 


25 


15 


17 


17 


465 


527 


612 


1.06 


1.04 


.98 




5 

221 


4 
301 


4 
479 


4 

167 


2 

269 


2 

422 


128 
3,841 


54 

9,684 


62 

14,770 


.98 
1.02 


1.04 
.86 


.88 


Oklahoma 


.81 


Texas 


175 


192 


146 


75 


124 


94 


1,350 


3,348 


3,290 


1.00 


.89 


.86 




471 


566 


706 


297 


449 


576 


7,296 


15,130 


20,784 
















Montana 


1,319 


1,200 


1,680 


1,255 


1,155 


1,617 


37,022 


42,735 


67,914 


.86 


.78 


.75 




542 
111 


537 
118 


596 
132 


529 
96 


508 
108 


584 
116 


25,921 
4,512 


24,384 
5,076 


30,368 
5,916 


.92 

.98 


.89 
.90 


.93 


Wyoming 


.98 


Colorado 


279 


293 


311 


237 


251 


261 


11,494 


10,918 


11,484 


.96 


.93 


.94 


New Mexico 


30 


27 


26 


16 


16 


14 


816 


976 


812 


1.05 


.97 


1.07 


Arizona 


187 


200 


166 


160 


176 


144 


12,000 


12,848 


10,224 


1.17 


1.10 


1.22 


Utah 


130 


136 


135 


125 


129 


128 


7,500 


6,966 


6,912 


1.03 


1.01 


1.07 




19 
235 


18 
273 


20 
393 


17 
226 


15 
255 


19 
370 


986 
9,492 


900 
10,710 


1,102 
17,020 


1.18 
1.05 


1.13 
.97 


1.23 


Washington 


.88 


Oregon 


298 


336 


444 


266 


279 


399 


8,645 


10,462 


17,157 


1.11 


1.01 


.96 


California 


1,618 


1,569 


1,302 


1,450 


1,406 


1,153 


75,400 


70,300 


54,191 


1.13 


1.11 


1.23 




4,768 


4,707 


5,205 


4,377 


4,298 


4,805 


193,788 


196,275 


223,100 
















United States. . . 


10,002 


10,477 


10,158 


9,177 


9,709 


9,388 


372,898 


422,959 


417,156 


1.00 


.908 


.896 



1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of barley sown for all purposes, including barley sown 
in the preceding fall. 

2 Preliminary. 

5 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



BARLEY 



43 



Table 60.- 



-Barley: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 » 





Acreage 2 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


North America: 


1,000 
acres 
5,866 
572 
12,078 


1,000 
acres 
8,836 
556 
9,709 


1,000 
acres 
9,535 
675 
9,388 


Bushels 
29.4 
13.5 
33.8 


Bushels 
36.8 
16.4 
43.6 


Bushels 
39.7 
13.8 
44.4 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 
3,752 
169 
8,831 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 
7,084 
198 
9,209 


1,000 
metric 
tons 4 
8,238 




203 


United States 


9,082 


Total 


18,516 


19,101 


19,598 


31.6 


39.7 


41.1 


12,752 


16,491 


17,523 


South America: 


1,517 
169 
168 
265 
449 
120 


1,332 
109 
106 
264 
444 
99 


"'l2l' 

141 

272 

457 

96 


22.8 
33.2 
29.8 
14.9 
19.0 
13.1 


19.1 
33.7 
30.3 
19.1 
17.6 
22.3 


34L2' 
26.1 
16.9 
17.6 
19.6 


753 
122 
109 

86 
186 

34 


556 
80 
70 
110 
170 
48 


523 


Chile ... 


90 




80 




100 


Peru 


175 


Uruguay 


41 


Total 


2,688 


2,354 


2,337 


22.0 


20.2 


19.8 


1,290 


1,034 


1,009 


Europe: 


517 
305 

2,112 
560 

5,644 

2,735 
456 
396 
516 
227 
407 
305 

3,536 

933 

75 

4,186 


588 

381 

3,099 

887 

6,872 

3,286 

870 

452 

432 

264 

435 

334 

5,058 

1,366 

74 

5,933 


677 

383 

3,222 

993 

7,035 

3,425 

766 

455 

432 

245 

450 

324 

5,347 

1,408 

96 

5,963 


51.2 
69.0 
70.5 
31.8 
50.8 
57.7 
25.0 
58.2 
23.7 
75.7 
47.7 
8.5 
24.6 
51.6 
60.3 
64.6 


60.2 
69.2 
74.8 
40.0 
61.1 
69.5 
25.7 
69.9 
27.4 
67.7 
65.5 
12.9 
33.7 
59.7 
68.9 
64.0 


63.4 

66.8 
74.9 
39.0 
61.0 
68.8 
31.7 
75.6 
31.0 
72.9 
46.2 
8.0 
33.1 
49.9 
64.6 
67.7 


576 

458 

3,241 

387 

6,239 

3,433 

248 

502 

266 

374 

423 

56 

1,893 

1,049 

99 

5,891 


770 

574 

5,047 

774 

9,139 

4,794 

487 

689 

258 

389 

621 

94 

3,708 

1,776 

112 

8,270 


935 




557 




5,255 




842 




9,342 




5,130 




529 




750 


Italy 


292 




389 




454 




56 




3,855 




1,530 




135 




8,788 






Total Western Europe 5 


22,930 


30,366 


31,261 


50.4 


57.1 


57.1 


25,155 


37,729 


38,892 




793 
1,717 
1,029 
1,278 
1,754 
603 
892 


996 
1,759 
1,470 

954 
1,574 

722 

771 


1,028 

1,927 

1,507 

939 

1,890 

741 

741 


37.2 
43.5 
54.2 
34.5 
35.1 
30.3 
27.1 


37.4 
55.2 
66.3 
43.5 
43.6 
37.5 
26.8 


41.1 
59.3 
58.2 
44.3 
42.2 
38.1 
28.5 


643 
1,625 
1,214 

960 
1,342 

398 

527 


810 
2,113 
2,121 

904 
1,494 

590 

450 


919 




2,488 




1,910 
905 




Poland 


1,735 




615 


Yugoslavia 


459 


Total Eastern Europe 


8,066 


8,246 


8,773 


38.2 


47.2 


47.3 


6,709 


8,482 


9,031 


Total Europe 5 


30,996 


38,612 


40,034 


47.2 


55.0 


55.0 


31,864 


46,211 


47,923 


U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 6 


41,513 


48,432 


54,362 


17.8 


22.9 


20.5 


16,117 


24,200 


24,310 


Asia: 
Cyprus 


161 
3,500 
2,590 

165 
1,859 
6,816 
7,765 
1,575 
2,100 

541 






19.1 
12.5 
15.1 
18.0 
13.4 
22.3 
15.6 
46.5 
29.1 
11.6 






67 

950 

851 

65 

542 

3,310 

2,630 

1,593 

1,332 

. 136 


50 
1,270 

750 
25 

300 
3,500 
3,504 
1,021 
2,084 

122 


105 




4,201 


3,954 


13.9 


13 9 


1,200 




Israel 


96 


62 


11.5 


17.7 


25 






Turkey 


6,746 
8,340 

781 
2,417 

490 


6,758 
6,815 

699 
2,422 

455 


23.8 
19.3 
60.0 
39.6 
11.6 


24.5 
16.3 
53.4 
39.2 
11.6 


3,600 

2,424 

812 




Japan 


Korea, Republic of 


2,066 




115 






Total 5 


46,085 


44,246 


42,345 


18.6 


20.3 


19.9 


18,660 


19,526 


18,357 


Africa: 
Algeria 


2,254 

4,254 

1,310 

133 

84 


1,779 

4,685 

840 


852 


11.6 
11.9 

4.8 
49.0 
19.7 


13.9 

21.8 

5.5 


"iile" 

3.8 


569 
1,104 
138 
142 
36 


538 

2,224 
100 




Morocco 


1,309 
70 


Tunisia 


United Arab Republic 




South Africa, Republic of 


125 




12.8 




34 


18 






Total* 


10,410 


9,990 


9,117 


12.2 


17.7 


13.3 


2,764 


3,846 


2,647 


Oceania: 
Australia 


2,263 

82 


3,314 
148 


4,000 

128 


22.3 

54.8 


22.8 
68.0 


21.6 
61.0 


1,097 
98 


1,646 
219 


1 882 


New Zealand 


170 


Total 


2,345 


3,462 


4,128 


23.4 


24.8 


22.8 


1,195 


1,865 


2,052 


World total* 


152,550 


166,200 


171,900 


25.5 


31.3 


30.4 


84,600 


113,200 


113,800 





See footnotes on page 44. 



44 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 61. — Barley: Production and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Crop of — 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Crop of — 


Feed and 
seed 


Sold 

from farms 


Feed and 
seed 


Sold 

from farms 


1960 


1,000 
bushels 
429,005 
392,441 
427,726 
392,833 
386,059 


1,000 
bushels 
136,715 
118,534 
130,358 
110,814 
91,400 


1,000 
bushels 
292,290 
273,907 
297,368 
282,019 
294,059 


1965 


1,000 
bushels 
392,279 
393,186 
372,898 
422,959 
417,156 


1,000 
bushels 
92,529 
103,503 
103,591 
108,866 
112,687 


1,000 
bushels 
299,750 


1961 


1966 


289,683 


1962 

1963 

1964 


1967 

1968 

1969 ! 


269,307 
314,093 
304,469 









1 Preliminary. 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 62. 



Table 62.- 



-Barley: Production and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 
(preliminary) 



State 



New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania . . 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia . . 
North Carolina 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

bushels 

624 

1,100 

9,741 

920 

342 

720 

1,081 

1,925 

28,842 

230 

770 

92,650 

11,340 

850 

6,105 

960 

4,752 

5,850 

396 

2,989 



Farm disposition 



Feed 
and seed 



1,000 
bushels 
474 
539 

7,598 
782 
270 
403 
562 
539 

5,192 

184 

616 

19,456 

5,330 
450 

2,869 
355 

2,519 

3,861 
345 

2.152 



Sold from 
farms 



1,000 

bushels 

150 

561 

2,143 

138 

72 

317 

519 

1,386 

23,650 

46 

154 

73,194 

6,010 

400 

3,236 



233 



51 

837 



State 



South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Kentucky 



Arkansas 
Oklahoma . . . 

Texas 

Montana. . . . 

Idaho 

Wyoming 
Colorado 
New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington . 

Oregon 

California. . . 



United States 417,156 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

bushels 

855 

230 

2,050 

612 

62 

14.770 

3,290 

67,914 

30,368 

5.916 

11,484 

812 

10,224 

6,912 

1,102 

17,020 

17,157 

54,191 



Farm disposition 



Feed 
and seed 



1,000 

bushels 

462 

150 

1,456 

483 

28 

4,874 

822 

12,904 

11,236 

3,135 

3,675 

309 

2,249 

4.562 

584 

2,213 

3,088 

5,961 



112,687 



Sold from 
farms 



1,000 

bushels 

393 

80 

594 

129 

34 

9,896 

2,468 

55,010 

19,132 

2,781 

7,809 

503 

7,975 

2,350 

518 

14,807 

14,069 

48,230 



304,469 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 60 

1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere 
countries are combined with those of Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus the crop harvested 
in the Northern Hemisphere in 1969 is combined with preliminary forecasts for Southern Hemisphere harvests, 
which begin late in 1969 and end early in 1970. 

2 Harvested acreage as far as possible. 
s Preliminary. 

4 A metric ton is approximately 45.9296 bushels. 

5 Estimated totals include allowances for producing countries not shown. 
s Production estimated. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



BARLEY 45 

Table 63. — Barley: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Year 


Supply 




Carryover stocks, July 1 












Terminal 










beginning 




market, 














July 


Farm 


interior 

mill, 
elevator, 
and ware- 
house 


Commodity 

Credit 
Corporation l 


Total 


Production 


Imports 2 


Total 
supply 






Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






bushels 


bushels 


busheh 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1959.. 




66 


110 


20 


196 


420 


18 


634 


1960. . 




56 
65 


98 
74 


13 
13 


167 
152 


429 
392 


15 
20 


611 


1961.. 


i 


564 


1962.. 




48 


68 


7 


123 


428 


5 


556 


1963.. 




67 


70 


9 


146 


393 


13 


552 


1964.. 




59 


60 


13 


132 


386 


12 


530 


1965.. 




38 


55 


7 


100 


392 


8 


500 


1966.. 




46 


54 


5 


105 


393 


7 


505 


1967.. 




57 


61 


4 


122 


373 


8 


503 


1968 3 . 




72 


62 


4 


138 


423 


10 


571 


1969 3 . 




115 


80 


4 


199 


417 


10 


626 





Disappearance 


Year 


Domestic use as malt 


Seed 5 


Live- 
stock 
feed 6 


Domestic 

disap- 
pearance 


Exports 




beginning 
July 


For 
alcohol 

and 
alcoholic 
bever- 
ages 4 


For 
food 
uses 


Grain 


Barley 
products 


Total 


Total 
disap- 
pearance 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965. 


Million 
bushels 
87 
85 
87 
86 
91 
95 
97 
103 
104 
108 


Million 
bushels 
6 
6 
6 
6 
7 
7 
8 
8 
8 
8 


Million 
bushels 
24 
25 
23 
21 
18 
16 
17 
16 
17 
16 


Million 
bushels 
232 
257 
241 
230 
233 
251 
196 
211 
205 
227 


Million 
bushels 
349 
373 
357 
343 
349 
369 
318 
338 
334 
359 


Million 
bushels 
114 
83 
82 
64 
68 
58 
75 
43 
29 
11 


Million 
bushels 
4 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
2 
2 
2 
2 


Million 
bushels 
118 
86 
84 
67 
71 
61 
77 
45 
31 
13 


Million 
bushels 
467 
459 
441 
410 
420 
430 
395 


1966 

1967 

1968 


383 
365 
372 







1 Owned by CCC and stored in bins or other storage owned or controlled by CCC. Additional CCC stocks 
are included in other off-farm positions. 

2 Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 

3 Preliminary. Rough allowance for 1969-70 imports. 

4 Compiled from reports of the Internal Revenue Service. Includes small quantities of barley grain. 

5 Based on acreage seeded to the following crop. 

6 Residual; includes other minor uses and waste. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 64. 



46 GRAINS, 1970 

Table 64.— Barley: Stocks on and off farms, United States, 1960-69 



Year 
beginning 
October 



Oct. 1 



Or. :'i:r/_i 



Of farxs : 



Jan. 1 



July 1 



Oct.l 



Jan. 1 



Apr. 1 



July 1 



1,000 1,000 

bushds bushels 

1960 283,462 204,607 

1961 242. 0S0 179,788 

1962 276 194 211.329 

1963 j 257,340 1 195.061 

1964 '■ 247.152 1S0.7S4 

1965 243,804 i 184.514 

1966 24S.4->3 179. 13S 

1967 232.5*0 154.640 

1968 303,093 247.666 

1969 s 306.635 257.970 



1,000 
bushels 
128.063 

98.269 
125.675 
126.942 
101.466 

99.174 
114.921 
129.092 
183,783 
192.825 



1,000 
bushels 
65.029 
47.695 
66.822 
5S.527 
3S.375 
46.132 
56.974 
71.524 

114. S75 



1,000 
bushels 
188.150 
191.361 

171.741 
163.426 
145.650 
143.530 
139. 99S 
148.900 
151.139 
190.794 



1,000 
bushels 
152.534 
154.293 
130. 6S8 
130. 41S 
119.853 
116. 29S 
115.226 
118.539 
123. S9S 
162.151 



1,000 

bushels 

118.068 

117.754 

102. S57 

101.794 

97.834 

93.961 

92.240 

89,266 

99.034 

134.310 



1,000 

57.357 
75.760 
79.265 
73.043 
61.146 
5S.631 
64.79S 
66.144 



1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by 
Commodity Credit Corporation which are in bins and other storages under CCC control. 

s Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Sendee. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 65. 



Table 65. 



-Barley and malt: United States exports (domestic) by country of 
destination, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 



Country of destination 


Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Yeai 


beginning July 


Average 
1960-64 


.a* 


196S 


Average 
196044 


1967 


1968 


Barley: 
Mexico 


1,000 

bushels 

1,710 

\ 827 

3.553 
14.912 
5,977 

7.955 

6.006 

2.177 

611 

vivo 

1,139 
4.631 

7.561 

904 

4,896 

72.264 


1,000 
bushels 

72 

222 
1.02S 
1.253 
9.264 

344 
1,279 


1,000 

129 

47 
1.121 


Malt: 
Canada 


1,000 

bushels 

79 

148 
48 

120 
80 
92 
29 
77 
14 
14 
62 
1,348 

158 

304 
21 
28 


1,000 
bushels 

33 

61 
27 
164 

5 
111 

65 


1,000 

28 
136 






20 






226 




Panama 


s 


Italy 


2,512 


Dominican Republic 

Jamaica 

Colombia 


99 

93 


Poland 










5 

43 

54 

1.044 

39 

62 
43 
13 


1 










30 




566 


676 


Peru 

Venezuela 


32 




1.186 




5,549 

7.S41 

"2!l2l" 

29.569 


312 
3.226 
1.111 
2.329 

11.463 


29 


Korea. Republic of 

Tunisia 


Congo (Kinshasa' 1 

Japan 


63 
68 




World total 




World total l 


2.622 


1.775 


2.4EC 









1 Transshipments through Canada have been included in data for countries of ultimate destination. 
Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



BARLEY 



47 



Table 66. — Barley : Average price per bushel for specified grades at selected markets, 

1959-68 





Minneapolis x 


Kansas City 2 


San 
Francisco 3 


Chicago 2 


Winnipeg 4 


August 


No. 3 


No. 2 
Malting 


No. 3 


Feed barley 


Feed barley 


No. 3 
Western 


1959 


DoUars 
1.094 
1.073 
1.330 
1.113 
1.091 
1.196 
1.316 
1.328 
1.226 
1.157 


DoUars 
1.162 
1.157 
1.411 
1.181 
1.178 
1.268 
1.321 
1.348 
1.236 
1.153 


DoUars 
0.934 

.927 
1.092 
1.077 
1.042 
1.062 
1.132 
1.146 
1.077 

.952 


DoUars 
1.120 
1.128 
1.130 
1.210 
1.247 
1.231 
1.258 
1.345 
1.192 
1.240 


DoUars 
0.981 

.918 
1.114 
1.042 

.988 
1.016 
1.143 
1.171 
1.007 

.779 


DoUars 

1.017 


1960 

1961 


1.020 
1.293 


1962 

1963 


1.161 
1.074 


1964 


1.170 


1965 

1966 


1.221 
1.251 


1967 

1968 s 


1.132 
.961 







1 Average of daily prices weighted by carlot sales. 

2 Average of daily prices. 

s Beginning 1962, prices are quoted at Stockton, California. 

4 Average spot price in U.S. currency. 

5 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 67. 



Table 67. — Barley: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 

received 

by fanners 


Put under support 2 


Acquired 

byCCC 

under 

support 

program 3 


Owned 


Year beginning July 


Per 
bushel 


Percentage 
of parity ' 


Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


byCCC 
June 30 


1960 

1961 

1962 


DoUars 

0.77 

.93 

.93 

4 .96 

4 .96 

4 .96 

4 1.00 

.90 

.90 

4 1.03 

4 1.03 


Percent 
61 
75 

74 

77 
78 
77 
78 
68 
67 
73 
5 71 


DoUars 
0.840 
.979 
.915 
.897 
.947 
1.02 
1.05 
1.00 
.908 
5 .896 


MiUion 

bushels 
47.3 
44.2 
39.9 
28.2 
15.0 
16.6 
16.5 
48.3 
123.8 
5 75.0 


Percent 
11.0 
11.3 
9.3 
7.2 
3.9 
4.2 
4.2 
13.0 
29.3 
M8. 


MiUion 

bushels 

16.9 

14.0 

26.3 

3.6 

.3 

.5 

.6 

4.0 

38.9 


Million 

bushels 
53.8 
34.1 
47.0 


1963 

1964 

1965 


27.9 
19.5 
10.8 


1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 


5.9 
5.9 

29.8 


1970 



















1 Percentage of the parity prices as of the begmning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

s Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Includes price-support payments of 14 cents in 1963, 12 cents in 1964, 16 cents in 1965, and 20 cents in 
1966, 1969, and 1970. 

5 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 68. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



48 



GRAINS, 1970 



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GRAINS 49 

Table 69. — Grains: Estimated stocks in principal exporting countries, July 1, 1960-69 



Country and year 


Wheat 


Rye 


Barley 


Oats 1 


Corn 


Total 


United States: 
I960 


Million 

bushels 

1,314 

1,411 

1,322 

1,195 

901 

817 

535 

425 

539 

811 

630 
645 
425 
520 
535 
547 
498 
627 
721 
890 

140 
100 
70 
95 
175 
264 
107 
58 
147 
102 

145 
150 
98 
155 
117 
163 
120 
243 
158 
413 

2,229 
2,306 
1,915 
1,965 
1,728 
1,791 
1 260 
1,354 
1 ,565 
2,216 


Million 
bushels 

10 
14 
8 
7 
5 
13 
19 
19 
18 
16 

10 
9 
6 
5 
8 
9 
11 
10 
8 
9 

20 
10 
10 
8 
10 
9 
5 
3 
3 
4 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 5 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

40 
33 
24 
20 
23 
31 
35 
31 
29 
29 


Million 

bushels 
167 
152 
123 
146 
132 
100 
105 
122 
138 
198 

140 
130 

70 
105 
135 

99 
114 
156 
149 
217 

22 
20 
15 
14 
20 
5 
6 
7 
10 
7 

12 
25 
15 
20 
12 
15 
14 
16 
16 
26 

341 
327 
223 
285 
299 
219 
239 
301 
313 
448 


Million 

bushels 
267 
324 
276 
273 
312 
277 
316 
270 
273 
370 

130 
145 
110 
180 
210 
158 
135 
140 
83 
137 

23 
40 
20 
25 
30 
20 
14 
11 
14 
10 

45 
40 
35 
35 
60 
23 
38 
66 
25 
65 

465 
549 
441 
513 
612 
478 
526 
496 
395 
582 


Million 

bushels 
2,522 
2,824 
2,483 
2,130 
2,376 
1,893 
1,783 
1,743 
2,177 
2,053 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

9 

10 
11 
12 
13 

140 
140 
145 
125 
160 
138 
205 
181 
180 
168 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( s ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

2,662 
2,964 
2,628 
2,255 
2,536 
2,040 
1,998 
1,935 
2,369 
2,234 


1,000 
tons 
118,596 


1961 


130,626 


1962 


116,776 


1963 


103,558 


1964 


101,858 


1965 


84,710 


1966 


74,079 


1967 


69,321 


1968 


85,305 


1969 2 


92,919 


Canada: 
I960 


24,750 


1961 


25,187 


1962 


16,468 


1963 . 


21,320 


1964 


23,084 




21,980 


1966 


20,817 




25,512 


1968 


27,179 




34,873 


Argentina: 


9,576 


1961 


8,320 




7,120 


1963 


7,310 


1964 

1965 


10,970 
12,476 


1966 


9,458 


1967 


7,220 




9,985 


1969 2 


8,174 


Australia: 
1960 


5,358 
5,740 


1962 


3,860 


1963 


5,690 


1964 


4.758 


1965 

1966 


5,618 
4,546 


1967 

1968 


8,769 
5,529 




14,077 


Total: 

1960 


158,280 


1961 

1962 

1963 


169,873 
144,224 

137,878 


1964 


140,670 


1965 


124,784 


1966 . . 


108,900 


1967 

1968 

1969 2 


110,822 
127,978 
150,044 



1 Canadian oats in bushels of 34 pounds; data for other countries in bushels of 32 pounds. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Production small, and remaining stocks believed negligible. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. Data for 1954-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 70. 



GRAINS, 1970 



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— IV 



SORGHUM 



51 



Table 71. — Sorghum grain, forage, and silage: Acreage, yield, production, and season 
average price per bushel and per ton received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price 


2 for crop of— 


State 




























1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 




Grain 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Bush- 


Bush- 


Bush- 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 




acres 


acres 


acres 


els 


els 


els 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


lars 3 


lars 3 


lars 3 


Indiana 


11 


11 


11 


65.0 


66.0 


65.0 


715 


726 


715 


0.99 


0.89 


1.01 


Illinois 


8 


10 


7 


55.0 


60.0 


60.0 


440 


600 


420 


.98 


.89 


.98 


Iowa 


47 


48 


36 


65.0 


70.0 


82.0 


3,055 


3,360 


2,952 


.94 


.91 


1.01 


Missouri 


248 


216 


.214 


58.0 


66.0 


64.0 


14,384 


14,256 


13,696 


.98 


.89 


1.03 


South Dakota 


317 


244 


207 


24.0 


34.0 


44.0 


7,608 


8,296 


9,108 


.92 


.88 


.93 


Nebraska 


2,193 


1,754 


1,508 


56.5 


58.0 


76.0 


123,904 


101,732 


114,608 


.89 


.88 


.97 


Kansas 


3,248 


3,475 


3,266 


46.0 


47.0 


56.0 


149,408 


163,325 


182,896 


.94 


.91 


1.02 


Virginia 


8 


9 


14 


50.0 


52.0 


55.0 


400 


468 


770 


1.05 


.99 


1.09 


North Carolina .... 


46 


45 


49 


50.0 


52.0 


56.0 


2,300 


2,340 


2,744 


1.05 


1.02 


1.09 


South Carolina .... 


7 


6 


9 


35.0 


33.0 


36.0 


245 


198 


324 


1.11 


1.04 


1.15 


Georgia 


11 


10 


14 


37.0 


28.0 


40.0 


407 


280 


560 


1.10 


1.05 


1.06 


Kentucky 


8 


8 


8 


57.0 


50.0 


49.0 


456 


400 


392 


.97 


.99 


.98 


Tennessee 


14 


11 


11 


44.0 


47.0 


47.0 


616 


517 


517 


1.06 


.98 


.98 


Alabama 


8 


10 


13 


35.0 


28.0 


33.0 


280 


280 


429 


1.09 


.98 


1.04 


Mississippi 


10 


26 


28 


45.0 


49.0 


48.0 


450 


1,274 


1,344 


1.05 


.96 


1.09 


Arkansas 


47 


50 


72 


43.0 


41.0 


40.0 


2,021 


2,050 


2,880 


1.08 


1.00 


1.04 


Louisiana 


25 


34 


32 


36.0 


40.0 


34.0 


900 


1,360 


1,088 


1.07 


.96 


1.09 


Oklahoma 


679 


638 


542 


38.0 


41.0 


47.0 


25,802 


26,158 


25,474 


1.00 


.95 


1.10 


Texas 


6,735 


6,196 


6,196 


51.0 


55.0 


50.0 


343,485 


340,780 


309,800 


1.01 


.95 


1.10 


Colorado 


345 


324 


305 


36.0 


36.0 


36.0 


12,420 


11,664 


10,980 


.96 


.99 


1.07 


New Mexico 


314 


279 


301 


61.0 


58.0 


56.0 


19,154 


16,182 


16,856 


.99 


.99 


1.18 


Arizona 


246 


231 


199 


81.0 


79.0 


78.0 


19,926 


18,249 


15,522 


1.17 


1.14 


1.33 


California 


424 


360 


421 


65.0 


70.0 


69.0 


27,560 


25,200 


29,049 


1.21 


1.22 


1.32 


United States. . . 


14,999 


13,995 


13,463 


50.4 


52.9 


55!2 


755,936 


739,695 


743,124 


.991 


.949 


1.08 




Forage 4 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 








1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 




acres 


acres 


acres 


Tons 5 


Tons 5 


Tons 5 


tons 5 


tons 5 


tons 5 


lars 


lars 


lars 


Illinois 


7 


8 


9 


3.00 


3.00 




21 


24 




9.00 


9.00 




Iowa 


6 


7 


8 


3.00 


3.50 




18 


24 




9.00 


9.00 




Missouri 


49 


45 


27 


3.00 


3.50 




147 


158 




9.20 


9.40 




North Dakota .... 


8 


5 


6 


1.15 


1.50 




9 


8 




10.50 


11.50 




South Dakota 


124 


125 


129 


1.70 


2.50 




211 


312 




10.50 


11.00 




Nebraska 


130 


133 


198 


2.50 


3.00 




325 


399 




9.80 


11.00 






538 
4 


516 

1 


462 
3 


2.30 
2.00 


2.30 
1.90 




1,237 
8 


1,187 
2 




12.50 
20.00 


12.50 
17.00 




Virginia 




North Carolina .... 


9 


11 


6 


1.80 


2.20 




16 


24 




20.00 


18.50 




South Carolina .... 


10 


10 


7 


1.50 


1.60 




15 


16 




20.00 


20.00 




Georgia 


22 


15 


15 


1.80 


1.70 




40 


26 




22.00 


20.00 




Kentucky 


8 


5 


5 


2.10 


2.20 




17 


11 




15.00 


13.00 




Tennessee 


9 


8 


8 


2.25 


2.00 




20 


16 




15.50 


16.50 




Alabama 


11 


12 


10 


1.80 


1.85 




20 


22 




18.00 


17.00 




Mississippi 


7 


7 


7 


3.00 


3.00 




21 


21 




19.00 


19.00 




Arkansas 


17 


24 


17 


3.10 


2.75 




53 


66 




17.50 


18.00 




Louisiana 


9 


8 


7 


1.80 


2.00 




16 


16 




21.00 


21.00 




Oklahoma 


317 


275 


389 


1.35 


1.50 




428 


412 




18.00 


18.50 




Texas 


777 


1,053 


1,096 


1.40 


2.00 




1,088 


2,106 




24.50 


22.50 




Colorado 


223 


262 


307 


1.10 


1.00 




245 


262 




17.50 


17.50 




New Mexico 


86 


79 


85 


1.90 


1.60 




163 


126 




20.50 


18.50 




Arizona 


1 


1 


1 


4.00 


3.00 




4 


3 




14.50 


15.50 




California 


9 


7 


9 


4.00 


4.00 




36 


28 




20.00 


21.00 




United States. . . 


2,381 


2,617 


2,811 


1.75 


2.01 




4,158 


5,269 




16.80 


17.30 





See footnotes at end of table. 



52 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 71. — Sorghum grain, forage, and silage: Acreage, yield, production, and season 
average price per bushel and per ton received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 — 

Continued 





Silage 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price 2 for crop of— 




1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


'1968 


1969 




1,000 
acres 

9 

5 
13 
29 

1 
83 
133 
432 
10 
16 
14 
12 

3 

4 

20 
38 
20 

5 
46 
78 
30 
11 

4 
15 

1,031 


1,000 
acres 
9 
5 
16 
29 
3 

76 

102 

354 

9 

13 

10 

15 

3 

4 

17 

32 

12 

5 

25 

113 

24 

8 

4 

14 


1,000 

acres 

10 

5 
13 
23 

3 

56 
104 
269 

5 
16 
13 
19 

2 

6 

12 
47 
18 

6 
26 
70 
16 

6 

5 
16 


Tons' 3 
11.0 
12.0 
11.0 
9.0 
2.9 
5.0 
10.0 
10.0 
11.5 
12.0 
9.0 
12.5 
13.0 
10.5 
11.0 
13.0 
11.0 
10.0 
9.0 
9.0 
10.0 
13.0 
20.5 
17.5 


Tons 5 
12.0 
12.0 
12.0 
13.0 

4.5 

7.7 
10.5 
10.5 
11.0 
10.5 

9.5 
11..0 
12.0 
10.0 

9.5 
12.0 
11.0 
12.5 

9.5 
12.0 
11.0 
11.3 
18.0 
18.0 


Tons 5 
13.0 
12.5 
15.0 
11.5 
3.5 
7.5 
12.0 
12.5 
12.0 
13.0 
9.0 
11.0 
14.0 
10.5 
12.0 
13.0 
10.5 
11.0 
10.0 
10.0 
10.0 
11.5 
21.0 
19.0 


1,000 

tons 5 

99 

60 

143 

261 

3 

415 

1,330 

4,320 

115 

192 

126 

150 

39 

42 

220 

494 

220 

50 

414 

702 

300 

143 

82 

262 


1,000 

tons 5 

108 

60 
192 
377 

14 

585 

1,071 

3,717 

99 
136 

95 
165 

36 

40 
162 
384 
132 

62 

238 

1,356 

264 

90 

72 
252 


1,000 

tons 5 

130 

62 
195 
264 

10 

420 

1,248 

3,362 

60 
208 
117 
209 

28 

63 
144 
611 
189 

66 
260 
700 
160 

69 
105 
304 


Dol- 
lars 


Dol- 
lars 


Dol- 
lars 


































South Dakota 
















































































































Texas 


















































902 


766 


9.9 


10.8 


11.7 


10,182 


9,707 


8,984 















1 Preliminary. 

2 For grain, includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average 
loan and purchase rate, by States. For forage, price is based on sales to Dec. 1. 

3 Based on the reported price of grain sorghums. 

4 Beginning in 1969, forage production estimates discontinued. 

5 Dry weight for forage; green weight for silage. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 72. — Sorghum grain: Production and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Crop of — 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Crop of — 


Feed and 
seed 


Sold 

from farms 


Feed and 
seed 


Scld 
from farms 


1960 


1,000 
bushels 
619,954 
480,208 
510,284 
585,394 
489,796 


1,000 

bushels 
154,469 
120,753 
126,127 
135,636 
106,215 


1,000 

bushels 
465,485 
359,455 
384,157 
449,758 
383,581 


1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 l 


1,000 
bushels 
672,698 
714,992 
755,936 


1,000 

bushels 
148,371 
133,420 
152.164 


1,000 
bushels 
524,327 


1961 

1962... 


581,572 
603,722 


1963... 


739,695 ! 141,275 
743,124 159.034 


598,420 


1964 


584,090 













Preliminary. 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 73. 



S0KGHUM GRAIN 



53 



Table 73. — Sorghum grain: Production and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 

(preliminary) 





Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


State 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


State 


Feed 
and seed 


Sold from 
farms 


Feed 
and seed 


Sold from 
farms 


Indiana 


1,000 

bushels 

715 

420 

2,952 

13,696 

9,108 

114,608 

182,896 

770 

2,744 

324 

560 

392 


1,000 

bushels 

343 

218 

1,742 

6,985 

4,827 

30,944 

62,185 

685 

906 

259 

420 

255 


1,000 

bushels 

372 

202 

1,210 

6,711 

4,281 

83,664 

120,711 

85 

1,838 

65 

140 

137 


Tennessee 

Alabama 

M ississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 


1,000 

bushels 

517 

429 

1,344 

2,880 

1,088 

25,474 

309,800 

10,980 

16,856 

15,522 

29,049 


1,000 

bushels 

377 

343 

511 

864 

490 

7,642 

27,882 

2,525 

3,708 

2,018 

2,905 


1,000 
bushels 
140 
86 


Iowa 

Missouri 


833 

2,016 

598 




17,832 


Kansas 


Texas 


281,918 
8,455 






13,148 






13,504 


Georgia 

Kentucky 




26,144 


United States 




743,124 


159,034 


584,090 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 

Table 74. — Sorghum grain: Stocks on and oflF farms, United States, 1960-70 







On farms 






Off farms 2 




Year 




















Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


Julyl 


Oct. 1 » 


Jan. 1 


Apr.l 


Julyl 


Oct.l 1 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


I960 


186,525 


107,112 


44,211 


22,726 


683,152 


636,909 


591,952 


558,495 


1961 


216,907 


108,983 


54,390 


32,414 


815,483 


750,808 


699,580 


669,515 


1962 


148,825 


83,538 


41,585 


24,241 


889,686 


767,816 


704,363 


636,729 


1963 


177,636 


101,716 


50,667 


34,815 


846,514 


725,258 


643,767 


619,811 


1964 


189,625 


110,128 


63,091 


42,347 


833,074 


730,349 


651,776 


606,453 


1965 


154,258 


98,008 


61,564 


47,442 


797,589 


669,893 


595,677 


518,093 


1966 


212,918 


133,587 


71,352 


50,614 


765,142 


590,556 


461,521 


340,587 


1967 


234,168 


133,178 


81,980 


44,414 


586,872 


393,312 


253,553 


199,486 


1968 


213,026 


142,130 


90,719 


58,145 


519,341 


374,907 


277,408 


230,948 


1969 


221,739 


129,823 


83,816 


53,206 


523,364 


413,366 


302,491 


235,040 


1970 3 


188,912 


120,261 






503,506 


385,895 

















1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, commercial stocks at terminals, processors, and those owned by 
Commodity Credit Corporation which are in bins and other storages under CCC control. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data, for 1945-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 75. 



Table 75.— Sorghum grain, No. 2 Yellow: Average market price per 100 pounds at 

selected markets, 1959-68 



Year 


Kansas 


Fort 


Los 


San Fran- 


Year 


Kansas 


Fort 


Los 


San Fran- 


beginning 


City 


Worth 


Angeles 


cisco ' 


beginning 


City 


Worth 


Angeles 


cisco * 


October 










October 












Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 




Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


DoUars 


1959 


1.69 


1.98 


2.15 


2.24 


1964 


2.08 


2.39 


2.58 


2.59 


1960 


1.77 


2.04 


2 23 


2.29 


1965 


1.98 


2.27 


2.45 


2.44 


1961 


1.87 


2.06 


2.31 


2.38 


1966 


2.11 


2.40 


2.56 


2.58 


1962 


1.94 


2.13 


2.36 


2.43 


1967 


1.96 


2.27 


2.45 


2.44 


1963 


2.01 


2.29 


2.47 


2.53 


1968 


1.97 


2.31 


2.53 


2.50 



1 Beginning 1961, prices in Stockton, California. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 77 . 



54 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 76. — Sorghum grain: United States exports (domestic) by country of destina- 
tion, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 





Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Western Hemisphere: 

Canada 

Mexico 

Others 


1,000 
bushels 

212 
2,445 

731 


1,000 
bushels 

573 
3,356 

738 


1,000 
bushels 

835 
1,104 

567 


Asia: 

India 

Israel 

Japan 

Others 

Total Asia and 

Oceania 

Africa: 

Ethiopia 

Senegal 

South Africa, Repub- 


1,000 

bushels 

1,041 

6,729 

21,958 

548 


1,000 
bushels 
36,337 
13,916 
76,858 
45 


1,000 

bushels 

4,969 

15,946 

67,497 

131 


T 4- 1 A 


3,388 


4,667 


2,506 




30,276 


127,156 




Europe: 
Belgium and 
Luxembourg 


16,688 

3,717 

557 

29,111 
1,671 
5,313 
6,222 
3,598 


12,080 
2,742 


2,667 
702 


88,543 


240 
244 

24 
31 
858 


49 
262 

57 

17 

219 






286 


Netherlands 


14,626 
5,121 
2,402 
44 
3,779 


4,538 

593 

1,260 


4 


Poland 




231 




Otbers 


62 


Others 


4,710 




1,397 


604 


583 




66,877 


40,794 


14,470 


World total 




101,938 


173,221 


106,102 









1 Not elsewhere classified. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 77. — Sorghum grain: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
cwt. re- 
ceived by 
farmers 


Put under support 2 


Acquiied 

byCCC 

under 

support 

program 3 


Owned 


Year beginning 
October 


Per cwt. 


Percentage 
of parity 1 


Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


byCCC 
Sept. 30 


1960 


Dollars 

1.52 

1.93 

1.93 

4 2.00 

4 2.00 

4 2.00 

4 2.05 

4 2.14 

4 2.15 

4 2.14 

4 2.14 


Percent 
61 
78 
77 
80 
82 
81 
80 
83 
81 
77 
«73 


Dollars 
1.49 
1.80 
1.82 
1.74 
1.88 
1.76 
1.82 
1.77 
1.69 
«1.93 


MiUion 
cwt. 
113.6 
109.9 
122.8 
78.0 
46.5 
59.4 
15.5 
36.6 
41.3 
6 22.4 


Percent 
32.7 
40.9 
43.0 
23.8 
16.9 
15.8 
3.9 
8.6 
10.0 
«5.4 


Million 
cwt. 
97.7 
108.5 
121.7 
70.0 
37.4 
42.7 
( 5 ) 
2.2 
2.7 


Million 
cwt. 
377.1 


1961 

1962 


362.7 
342.8 


1963 


344.5 


1964 


302.1 


1965 


215.4 


1966 


108.2 


1967 


107.5 


1968 


111.4 


1969 




1970 



















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchases, and purchase agreements entered into. 

s Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Includes price-support payments of 29 cents in 1963, 23 cents in 1964, 35 cents in 1965, and 53 cents in 
1966-69. 

5 Less than 50,000 cwt. 

6 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 78. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



SORGHUM GRAIN; COMMERCIAL FEEDS 55 

Table 78. — Sorghum grain: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 



Year 


Supply 


Disappearance 


beginning 
October 


Carry- 
over 

stocks 


Produc- 
tion 


Total 
supply 


Food and 

industrial 

uses 1 


Seed 


Live- 
stock 
feed 2 


Domestic 

disap- 
pearance 


Exports 3 


Total 
disap- 
pearance 


1959 


Million 
bushels 
510 
581 
702 
661 
655 
649 
566 
391 
244 
289 
288 


M illion 
bushels 
555 
620 
480 
510 
585 
490 
673 
715 
756 
740 
743 


Million 
bushels 
1,065 
1,201 
1,182 
1,171 
1,240 
1,139 
1,239 
1,106 
1,000 
1,029 
1,031 


Million 

bushels 

12 

11 

9 

10 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 


Million 
bushels 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 


Million 
bushels 
372 
415 
411 
391 
471 
412 
569 
601 
532 
622 


Million 
bushels 
386 
428 
422 
403 
484 
■ 425 
582 
614 
545 
635 


Million 
bushels 
98 
71 
99 
113 
107 
148 
266 
248 
166 
106 


Million 
bushels 
484 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


499 
521 
516 
591 
573 
848 


1966 

1967 

1968 4 

1969 4 


862 
711 
741 

















1 Includes an allowance for wet-process products. 

2 Residual; includes small quantities for other uses and waste. 

3 Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 79. 



Table 79. — Commercial feeds : Disappearance for feed, United States, 1959-68 



Year 
beginning 
October 



1959. 
1960. 
1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968 2 



Oilseed cake and meal 



Soy- 


Cotton- 


Linseed 


bean 


seed 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


8,449 


2,330 


304 


8,837 


2,498 


378 


9,232 


2,622 


330 


9,556 


2,585 


320 


9,138 


2,696 


327 


9,236 


2,680 


300 


10,274 


2,562 


284 


10,820 


1,755 


248 


10,753 


1,462 


183 


11,525 


2,086 


196 



Peanut 



1,000 
tons 



Copra 



115 
133 
135 



1,000 
tons 
133 
162 
135 
113 

94 
100 
108 

90 
118 
110 



Total 



1,000 

tons 
11,276 
11,951 
12,372 
12,642 
12,334 
12,415 
13,336 
13,028 
12,649 
14,052 



Animal proteins 



Tankage 
and 
meat 
meal 



1,000 
tons 
1,664 
1,695 
1,760 
1,837 
1,940 
1,932 
1,960 
2,068 
2,059 
2,021 



meal 



1,000 
tons 
444 
542 
622 
663 
737 
619 
638 
827 
1,083 
818 



Dried 

milk 1 



1,000 
tons 
153 
170 
185 
202 
214 
236 
275 
255 
250 
235 



Total 



1,000 
tons 
2,261 
2,407 
2,547 
2,702 
2,891 
2,787 
2,873 
3,150 
3,392 
3,074 



Year 
beginning 
October 



Mill products 1 



Wheat 
mill- 



1959 

1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



1,000 

tons 
4,833 
4,874 
4,932 
4,834 
5,051 
4,716 
4,612 
4,499 
4,<*90 
4,469 



Gluten 

feed and 

meal 



1,000 

tons 
1,142 
1,098 
1,237 
1,285 
1,358 
1,406 
1,481 
1,486 
1,514 
1,550 



Rice 
mill- 
feeds 



Brewers' 
dried 
grains 



1,000 

tons 
268 
284 
315 
347 
373 
395 
395 
451 
476 
494 



1,000 
tons 
239 
249 
266 
261 
276 
295 
304 
324 
336 
333 



Distillers' 
dried 
grains 



Dried 
and 

molasses 
beet 
pulp 4 



1,000 

tons 
359 
352 
380 
362 
381 
410 
427 
425 
447 
437 



1,000 

tons 

746 

790 

892 

1,055 

1.203 

1,289 

1,153 

1,129 

1,130 

1,516 



Alfalfa 
meal 



Total 



1,000 

tons 
1,357 
1,436 
1,513 
1,589 
1,613 
1,633 
1,652 
1,599 
1.550 
1,663 



1,000 
tons 
8,944 
9,083 
9,535 
9,733 
10,265 
10,144 
10,024 
9,913 
9,943 
10,462 



Total 
commer- 
cial feeds 



1,000 
tons 
22,481 
23,441 
24,454 
25,077 
25,490 
25,346 
26,233 
26,091 
25,984 
27,588 



1 Includes dried skim milk, buttermilk, and whey for feed, but does not include any milk products fed on 
farms. 

2 Preliminary. 

s Other mill products that are not listed include screenings, hominy and oats feeds, etc., for which no statistics 
are available. 

4 Does not include wet sugarbeet pulp. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 80. 



56 

Table 80. 



GRAINS, 1970 

-Feed concentrates: Supply, grain-consuming animal units, and supply 
and quantity fed per animal unit, United States, 1954—69 









Supply 






Quan- 
tity 

fed to 
live- 

stock 


Animal 

units 

fed 

annu- 

ally* 


Supply 
per 

animal 
unit 




Year 
beginning 
October i 


Carry- 
over 

stocks of 
feed 

grains 1 


Pro- 
duction 
of feed 
grains 


Other 
grains 
fed 1 


By- 
product 
feeds 4 


Tota 


Quantity 

fed per 

animal 

unit 


1954 


MiUion 
tons 
31.7 
39.1 
43.2 
48.8 
59.0 
67.5 
74.6 
85.0 
72.2 
64.4 
69.3 
54. S 
42.1 
37.1 
48.3 
50.0 


MiUion 
tons 
114.1 
120.8 
119.3 
132.4 
144.1 
149.5 
155.5 
139.8 
141.7 
153. S 
134.2 
157.4 
157.6 
176.0 
168. 9 
174.2 


MiUion 
tons 

2.4 
2.8 
2.5 
2.5 
2.0 
2.0 
2.2 
2.2 
1.6 
2.0 
3.9 
3.9 
4.2 
4.9 
5.8 
4.9 


MiUion 
tons 
23.7 
24.1 
24.5 
25.9 
27.2 
27.8 
28.0 
29.0 
29.7 

30:2 

30.2 
31.1 
31.2 
31.1 
32.9 
33.7 


MiUion 
tons 

171.9 
186.8 
189.5 
209.6 
232.3 
245. S 
260.3 
256.0 
245.2 
250.4 
237.6 
247.2 
235.1 
249.1 
256.4 
262. S 


MiUion 
tons 
116.3 
121.9 
119.7 
129.0 
139.5 
144.7 
149. S 
151.6 
150.3 
148.2 
145.2 
161.0 
160.7 
161.8 
172.2 


MiUions 
102.5 
104.0 
101.6 
100.0 
104.6 
103.6 
104.7 
106.0 
109.0 
108.3 
105.9 
106.3 
111.5 
111.4 
113.9 ! 


Tons 

1.68 
1.80 
1.86 
2.10 
2.21 
2.3S 
2.49 
2.42 
2.25 
2.31 
2.24 
2.33 
2.11 
2.24 
2.25 


Tons 
1.13 


1955 


1.17 


1956 


1.18 


1957. .. 


1.29 


1958 


1.33 


1959 


1.40 


1960 

1961 


1.43 
1 43 


1962 

1963 


1.3S 
1.37 


:;■■;: ■';::: d.;;: 


1.37 
1.51 
1.44 
1.45 
1.51 



1 October-September feeding year for all items except oats and barley carryover and production, which are 
for the July-June marketing year. 

3 Corn and sorghum grain. Oct. 1: oats and barley. July 1. 
1 Imported grains and domestic wheat and rye. 

4 Mill byproducts, oilseed meals, animal protein feeds, and molasses. 

5 Animal units fed during the October-September feeding year. For method of calculation, see National 
and State Livestock-Feed Relationships. U.S. Department of Agriculture Statistical Bulletin No. 446. 

6 Pre limin ary. 

Economic Research Service. 



Table 81. — Feed grains: United States exports under specified Government pro- 
grams, 1959-68 





be zinnias 
July 






Public Law 4S<. 






Mutual 
securitv 

AID * 




Year 


Title I. 
sales for 

foreign 
currency 


Title II, 
disaster 

relief and 
other 

■assistance ' 


Title JJI 


Title FY. 
long-term 
dollar sales 


Total 

specified 

Government 




Foreign 
donations ■ 


Barter 1 


programs 


1959 

1960 


1,000 tons 

1.375 

1.031 

1,038 

»4." 

993 

521 

1.323 

3,242 

1,219 

61 


1,000 tons 
102 
251 

504 
79 

147 
196 

17S 
428 
277 
161 


l,000tons 
271 
327 
335 
372 
354 
255 
274 
2 S3 
808 
155 


1,000- tons 
1,101 ] 

957 
1.193 
741 
277 
3S5 
236 
426 
65S 
932 


1,000 tons 


1,000 tons 

288 

435 
S3 

10 
6 
3 
2 


1,000 tons 

3.137 
3.0O2 


1961 

1962 




3.134 
2 . IMS 


1963 


2 

340 
336 

258 

540 

725 


1.7S1 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1.707 
2.353 
4.640 


3967 


2,904 


196S 5 




2,035 









1 Includes emergency relief, economic development, and World Food Program. 

: Foreign donations are authorized under Sec. 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 as amended, and Sec. 302. 
Title HI. P.L. 480. 

5 The barter program is authorized under the Charter Act of the Commodity Credit Corporation; Title 
III. _P.L. 480:_and other legislation. 

4 Sales for foreign currency and economic aid under the Act for International Development. P.L. 87-195. 
and Mutual Security Acts. P*.L. 665 and 165. 

5 Preliminary - . 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Data for 1954-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 82. 



FEED GRAINS 



57 



Table 82. — Feed grains: Average price per 100 pounds, selected markets and grades, 

1959-68 





Kansas City 


Chicago 


Year beginning 
October 


Corn, No. 3 
Yellow 


Oats, No. 2 
White 


Barley, 
No, 3 


Grain sor- 
ghum, No. 
2 Yellow 


Corn, No. 3 
Yellow 


Oats, No. 2 
White 


Barley, 
feed 


1959 


Dollars 
1.97 
1.88 
1.97 
2.14 
2.20 
2.33 
2.27 
2.44 
2.11 
2.09 


Dollars 
2.25 
2.21 
2.36 
2.27 
2.31 
2.28 
2.46 
2.41 
2.25 
1.90 


Dollars 
1.94 
1.96 
2.26 
2.20 
2.17 
2.23 
2.37 
2.37 
2.22 
1.94 


Dollars 
1.69 
1.77 
1.87 
1.94 
2.01 
2.08 
1.98 
2.11 
1.96 
1.98 


Dollars 
2.09 
1.96 
1.98 
2.12 
2.14 
2.25 
2.27 
2.43 
1.99 
2.09 


Dollars 
2.36 
2.17 
2.19 
2.23 
2.17 
2.34 
2.38 
2.35 
2.25 
2.32 


Dollars 
2.01 


I960 


1.95 


1961 


2.35 


1962 


2.13 


1963 


2.07 


1964 


2.14 


1965 


2.42 


1966 


2.39 


1967 


2.01 


1968 


1.65 








Minneapolis 


Los Angeles 


Year beginning 
October 


Corn, No. 3 
Yellow 


Oats, No. 2 
White 


Bar 

No 


ey, 
.3 


Corn, No. 2 
Yellow 


Barley, 

No. 2 

Western l 


Grain sor- 
ghum, No. 
2 Yellow 


1959 


Dollars 

1.83 
1.77 
1.86 
1.99 
2.02 
2.15 
2.19 
2.31 
1.93 
2.03 


Dollars 
2.12 
1.99 
2.06 
2.10 
2.02 
2.10 
2.18 
2.19 
2.11 
2.03 


Don 


ars 
2.05 
2.14 
2.46 
2.16 
2.06 
2.38 
2.54 
2.54 
2.26 
2.04 


Dollars 
2.79 
2.67 
2.60 
2.76 
2.82 
2.94 
2.89 
2.86 
2.68 
2.79 


Dollars 
2.43 
2.53 
2.58 
2.63 
2.67 
2.73 
2.80 
2.79 
2.52 
2.75 


Dollars 

2.15 


1960 


2.23 


1961 

1962 


2.31 
2.36 


1963 

1964 

1965 


2.47 
2.58 
2.45 


1966 

1967 

1968 


2.56 
2.45 
2 53 

















1 Bulk basis. 

Economic Research Service. Prices of corn and oats at Kansas City, Chicago, and Minneapolis were com- 
puted by weighting selling prices by reported number of carlots sold. Prices of barley and grain sorghum at 
Kansas City and of barley at Chicago and Minneapolis are the average of prices at the close of each day. 
Prices at Los Angeles are the average of prices on one day each week. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Sta- 
tistics, 1967, table 83. 



58 



GRAINS, 1970 



Table 83. — Feedstuffs: Average price per ton, balk, in wholesale lots, at leading 

markets. 1959-68 



Wheat 




Los Kansas 
Angeles City 



DoUan 

1959 i 60.05 

1960 I 64.30 

1961 67.50 

1962 75.20 

1963 75.20 

1964 1 74.60 

1965 v H 

1966 S3. 20 

1967 I 81.40 

196S I 7S.60 



55.55 
60.60 
63.60 
71.30 
71.00 
70.20 
81.50 
78. SO 
76.90 
74.10 



62 15 
60.10 
65.30 
72.00 
6S.40 
63.20 
73.40 
81.30 
77.50 
67.60 



56.25 

56.15 ; 

5?. 20 

66.90 

62.20 I 

59.80 

72.40 

77.50 

77.40 

65.20 



60.10 
54.15 I 

:' ■:■:■ 

67.30 

58.00 1 

61.90 

74.50 

74.40 

76.50 

78.40 



DoUart 
66.30 
52.35 
63.70 
70.50 
67.20 
64.20 
70.60 
70.60 
70.50 
70.00 



Dollar? 
56.90 
56.80 
61.80 
67.40 
62.70 
67.70 
79.50 
82.50 
81.10 
80.00 






Dollars 
71 . 80 
84.20 
86.30 
93.70 

<> :: 

S3. 90 
105.30 
94.00 
88.80 
91.60 



72.20 
84.80 
88.70 
96.40 
92.70 
87.70 
111.00 
9S.10 
92.50 
94.90 



Dollars 
97.35 
101.85 i 
115.70 
115.60 ! 
119.00 ; 
140.60 i 
152.20 ; 
129.00 
117.10 
132.20 i 



Dollars 
31.10 
30.70 
32.50 
36.80 
34.60 
37.70 
39.80 
45.70 
39.70 
40.20 



Year beginning 
October 



Wheat 

- : : - 
iln.cs 



Wheat 
shorts 



Wheat 

mill - 



feed 



21% 

t:::-:::; 



Alfalfa meal 



Hom- 
iny 

feed 



Minne- Kansas Port- Chi- 
apohs J City land | cago 



Uin- 
:az: 



Distil- 
lers' 

-r:ei 
rr:. : ~5 



3z:- 
falo 



Brew- 
ers' 



Mil- 



Dehy- 
drated. 

n 

rrc:-rir. 



KilL^viS 

City 



Feed- 
ing 

-:- 



No.l 
fine, 
sun- 

:u.rri 



Kansas New 
C:v. Orleans 

1 



Index 
num- 
bers 
Oct. 
1957- 
Ser,t. 
1959 = 
100 ! 



1959 33.20 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 



32.45 
M : 
38.40 
35.30 
39.10 
41.90 
45.30 
39.80 
1968 i 39.90 



Dollars ; 
33.65 
32.20 
34.00 j 
38 s: 
36.50 ! 
39.40 
42.00 f 
46.00 
39.70 

4. :: 



_ :.::.z-- 

38.25 

38.00 

-.-. s: 

40.40 
35 8." 
44.60 
47.70 
46.00 
41.80 
41.60 



DoUcrs 


::;;.:■ 


_ .- :;.:-■• 


DoUots 


::;.:--- 


Dollars 


37.65 


39.45 


56.60 


38.35 


47.60 


S7.70 


38.30 


38.55 


62.00 


41.85 


45.15 


36.65 


37.50 


40.10 


60.40 


37.90 


47.60 


38.30 


43.20 


42.70 


64.90 


44.20 


18.40 


39.00 


40.70 


44.00 


61.30 


37.90 


42.20 


38.00 


43.00 


44.60 


64.20 


42.10 


40.30 


37.60 


47.40 


44.20 


65.40 


46.00 


49.70 


40.00 


50.10 


46.00 


69.20 


50.70 


53.40 


43.90 


44.90 


39.00 


63.30 


45.90 


39.10 


37.20 


43.70 


41.10 


65.00 


45.00 


42.40 


38.30 



Dollars 
16.21 I 

23.11 . 
22.71 
35.16 
25.60 
14.92 
19.90 : 
29.29 ! 
25.60 j 
20.20 i 



DoUart 
96.1 
101.7 
106.4 
118.0 
113.7 
113.3 
128.6 
129.5 
121.3 
118.8 



1 Based on prices of the following commodities at leading producing markets, weighted by average consump- 
tion: Soybean, cottonseed, linseed, copra, and peanut meals: bran, middlings, shorts, and millrun; gluten feed 
and meal: hominy feed: brewers' and distillers' dried grains: alfalfa meal: rice bran, and feeding molasses. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-5S in Agricultural Statistics, 19$?. table S4. 



CHAPTER II 
STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 

In addition to tables on cotton, sugar, and tobacco, this chapter includes tables on 
fibers other than cotton, sirups, sugar, honey, and beeswax. Most cottonseed data, 
however, are in the following chapter on oilseeds, fats, and oils. 

Much of the information on cotton lint is given in terms of "running" bales. The 
term "running bale," when applied to weight, is the average weight of a bale as it 
comes from the gin; when applied to number, it is the number of bales actually 
ginned. 

The name "American Pima" was adopted for extra-long-staple cotton, effective 
July 1, 1970, and replaces the name "American-Egyptian" used in earlier volumes. 

Table 84. — Cotton: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1954-69 





Cotton 


Cottonseed 


Year 


Acreage 
planted 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 

per 
har- 
vested 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
pound 
received 

by 
farmers 2 


Farm 
value 


Market 

price 

per 

pound, 

New 

Orleans, 

year 
beginning 
August 3 


Foreign trade, 

year beginning 

August 4 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm 
value 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 5 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 


1954 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
18,858 
19,251 
16,928 
15,615 
13,558 
11,849 
14,618 
15,117 
15,309 
15,634 
15,569 
14,212 
IS, 915 
14,055 
13,615 
9,552 
7,997 
10,160 
11,075 


Lb. 

""34l' 
417 
409 
388 
466 

"461 
446 
438 
457 
517 

'517 
527 
480 
447 
516 
433 


1,000 
bales 
12,921 
13,697 
14,721 
13,310 
10,964 
11,512 
13,880 
14,558 
14.272 
14,318 
14,867 
15,334 
14,733 
15,182 
14,973 
9,575 
7,458 
10,948 
10,015 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 


Cents 


1,000 
bales 


1,000 
bales 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
dollars 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


20,052 
17,991 
17,077 
14,310 
12,379 


33.61 
32.33 
31.75 
29.65 
33.23 


2,301,358 
2,379,030 
2,112,625 
1,625419 
1,912,311 


33.96 
34.28 
33.64 
34.50 
34 31 


3,585 
2,320 
7,916 
5,959 
2,895 


150 
137 
191 
141 
137 


5,709 
6,043 
5,407 
4,609 
4,798 


344,175 
269,262 
288,864 
235,367 
210,262 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


15,833 
16,080 
16,588 
16,293 
14.843 


31.66 
30.19 
32.92 
31.90 
32.23 


2,304,265 
2,154,165 
2,356,309 
2,370,480 
2,469,647 


31.47 
30.55 
33.39 
33.17 
32.82 


7,394 
6,857 
5,056 
3,429 
5,775 


145 
159 
159 
137 
135 


5,991 
5,886 
5,978 
6,139 
6,192 


232,115 

249,977 
305,310 
293,845 
314,219 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 


14,835 
14,152 
10,349 
9,448 
10,912 
11,898 


29.76 
28.14 
20.84 
25.59 
22.15 
7 20.80 


2,258,491 
2,106,088 
997,467 
953,820 
1,212,021 
1,038,964 


30.37 
29.35 
21.91 


4,195 
3,035 
4,832 
4,361 
2,416 


118 
118 
105 
201 
113 


6,237 
6,087 
3,960 
3,210 
4,640 
4,186 


293,366 
284,412 
261,008 
177,406 


1968 




234,492 


1969 6 




172,030 













1 Census of Agriculture figures for all periods are in running bales. U.S. Department of Agriculture figures 
are in 500-pound gross weight bales for all years. 

2 Gross weight price, including bagging and ties, except that extra-long-staple cotton is included at net weight 
Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

3 Prices for middling grade 15 /J6-inch staple through July 1956; 1-inch staple beginning August 1956; discon- 
tinued in 1967 crop year. 

4 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Equivalent bales of 500 pounds, gross weight. 

5 Excluding linters. 

6 Preliminary. 

7 Average price to Apr. 1, 1970, including an allowance for unredeemed loans. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture re- 
turns from the Bureau of the Census. Production figures conform with Census annual ginning enumerations. 
Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 85. 



59 



60 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



y: 









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o 






Table 86. 



COTTON 61 

-Cotton, American upland: Price-support operations, United States, 
1960-70 



Year 


Support price > 


Season 
average 
price per 
pound 
received 
by farmers 


Put under support s 


Acquired by 
' CCC under 
support 
program 4 


Owned by 


beginning 
August 


Per 

pound 


Percentage 
of parity 2 


Quantity 


Percentage of 
production 


CCC 
July 31 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


Cents 

6 28.97 

31.88 

31.88 

31.72 

'32.80 

'32.60 

'29.63 

'31.00 

'31.93 

'34.44 

'36.95 


Percent 
6 75 
82 
81 
78 
j 80 
71 
73 
74 


Cents 
30.08 
32.80 
31.74 
32.02 
29.62 
28.03 
20.64 
25.39 
22.02 
8 21.20 


1,000 bates 5 

8,320 
4,833 
6,809 
7,969 
7,288 
6,926 
3,094 
1,482 
4,415 
9 3,613 


Percent 
58.6 
33.9 
46.2 
52.5 
48.5 
46.7 
32.6 
20.1 
40.7 
9 36.6 


1,000 bales 5 
7,790 
3,243 
4,719 
5,779 
4,824 
5,306 
1,415 
32 
2,776 


1,000 bales* 
1,678 
1,449 
3,750 
4,303 
6,557 


1965 

1966 

1967 


9,715 

6,668 

559 


1968 

1969 


24 


1970. . . 























1 Basis J^-inch Middling through 1960; average of crop for later years. 

2 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

3 Includes loans made and direct purchases. 

4 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

5 Running bales. 

6 For cotton grown by farmers electing Choice A acreage allotments. Corresponding support levels and 
percentages of parity for Choice B were as follows: For 1959, 24.70 cents and 65 percent; and for 1960, 23.18 
cents and 60 percent. 

' Includes price-support payments as follows: 3.50 cents per pound in 1964 and 4.35 cents in 1965 to pro- 
ducers who planted within domestic allotment; and 9.42 cents in 1966, 11.53 cents in 1967, 12.24 cents in 1968, 
14.73 cents in 1969, and 16.80 cents in 1970 to program participants on projected production from farm's 
domestic allotment. 

8 Average price to Dec. 1, 1969. 

9 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 87. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 85 

1 Preliminary. 

2 Bales ginned, as reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce with an allowance made for interstate 
movement of seed cotton for ginning, rounded to thousands, by States. Cotton produced but not ginned is 
not included in production. 

3 Gross weight price, including bagging and ties, except that American Pima cotton is included at net weight. 
Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

4 Average price to Apr. 1, 1970. 

5 Sums of acreage and production for "Other States" rounded for inclusion in U.S. totals. 

6 Included in State and U.S. totals. 



Statistical Reporting Service. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 87 

1 Harvest season beginning Aug. 1. 

2 Preliminary. , 

3 Bales of 480 pounds net. 

4 Includes estimates for minor-producing countries not shown above and allowances for countries where data 
are not yet available. 

5 Formerly Aden. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



62 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 87. — Cotton: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries, average 
1963-67, annual 1968 and 196S ' 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


s 


Continent and country 

I 


Aver- 
age 
1963-67 


1968 


1969 2 


Aver- 
age 
1963-67 


1968 


1969 2 


Aver- 
age 

1963-67 


1968 


1969 2 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

11,887 

195 

231 

31 

1,859 

340 


1.000 

acres 

10,160 

126 

228 

28 

1,780 

325 


1,000 

acres 

11,094 

122 

190 

16 

1,365 

240 


Pounds 
505 
633 
692 
650 
588 
692 


Pounds 
517 
781 
705 
600 
661 
598 


Pounds 
433 
807 
594 
600 
59S 
590 


1,000 

bales 

12,504 

257 

333 

42 

2,277 

490 


1,000 

bales 

10,948 

205 

335 

35 

2,450 

405 


1,000 
bales 
10,014 


El Salvador 


205 
235 




20 


Mexico 

Nicaragua 


1,700 
295 


Total 4 


14,661 


12,773 


13.145 


522 


542 


456 


15,941 


14,414 


12,506 






South America: 

Argentina 

Brazil 


1,042 

5,520 
402 
53 
145 
598 
114 


1,000 
6,500 
575 
50 
125 
440 
120 


1,100 
6,800 
660 
50 
125 
420 
120 


217 
203 
430 
190 

166 
439 
261 


247 
244 
534 
240 
211 
464 
284 


251 
219 
451 
240 

211 
446 
280 


470 
2,330 

360 
21 
50 

547 
62 


515 
3,300 

640 
25 
55 

425 
71 


575 

3,100 

620 




25 




55 


Peru 


390 




70 






Total 4 


7,890 


8,827 


9,293 


234 


274 


251 


3.851 


5,046 


4,853 






Europe: 


388 

33 

507 

122 

24 


340 

20 

336 

106 

30 


375 

20 

340 

115 

28 


476 
262 
355 
287 
240 


473 
192 
500 
235 
224 

419 


627 
192 
353 

313 
240 


385 
18 

375 
73 
12 


335 

8 

350 

52 

14 


490 


Italy 


8 




250 




75 




14 






Total 4 . . . . 


1,134 


892 


938 


375 


439 


SS7 


779 


857 






U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 


6.060 


6,100 


6,200 


692 


732 


693 


8,740 


9,300 


8.950 






Africa: 


91 

183 

281 

730 

220 

146 

70 

43 

884 

820 

66 

80 

1,138 

490 

2,122 

1,790 


125 

250 

280 

750 

250 

175 

80 

35 

800 

900 

200 

110 

1,205 

500 

2,000 

1,520 


135 
265 
300 
750 
250 
150 
80 
45 
800 

1,000 
250 
110 

1.250 
500 

2,000 

1,680 


158 
210 

92 
112 
100 

56 
151 
369 

97 
114 
313 
408 
311 
285 

76 
581 


269 
173 
137 
128 
173 

47 
150 
343 
117 
139 
480 
436 
418 
226 

84 
633 


320 
199 
128 
128 
173 

58 
150 
267 
120 
139 
461 
393 
422 
312 

91 
671 


30 

80 

54 

171 

46 

17 

22 

33 

178 

194 

43 

68 

738 

291 

338 

2,166 


70 

90 

80 

200 

90 

17 

25 

25 

195 

260 

200 

100 

1,050 

235 

350 

2,005 


90 




110 




80 


Chad 


200 




90 




18 




25 




25 




200 




290 




240 




90 




1,100 




325 




380 




2,350 






Total 4 


9.645 


9,921 


10,331 


231 


258 


277 


4,635 


5,325 


5,956 






Asia aod Oceania: 


310 

51 

540 

11,680 

19,906 

910 

72 

46 

52 

3,925 

48 

676 

178 

1,691 


300 

79 

375 

12,300 

19.200 

890 

75 

75 

45 

4.340 

40 

650 

200 

1,760 


300 

80 

375 

12,300 

19.400 

940 

75 

80 

45 

4,325 

40 

650 

80 

1,575 


198 
725 
69 
253 
119 
291 
253 
1,002 
166 
247 
200 
506 
262 
437 


160 
942 
64 
265 
123 
372 
288 
960 
213 
269 
240 
521 
312 
545 


160 
900 
64 
265 
126 
357 
288 
960 
213 
275 
240 
480 
33C 
541 


128 

77 

78 

6,160 

4,920 

551 

38 

96 

18 

2,018 

20 

713 

97 

1,540 


100 

155 

50 

6,800 

4,900 

690 

45 

150 

20 

2,430 

20 

705 

130 

2,000 


100 




150 


Burma 


50 




6,800 




5,100 


Iran 


700 




45 




160 




20 


Pakistan 


2,475 




20 


Syria 


650 


Thailand 


55 


Turkey 


1,775 






Total 4 


40,200 


40,442 


40,378 


197 


216 


216 


16,498 


18,238 


18,143 






World total 4 > 


79,590 
49,697 
18,007 


78,955 

1 50,144 

18,651 


80,285 
50,431 
18,760 


305 
222 
400 


323 
249 

417 


306 
242 
406 


50,552 
23,028 
15,020 


53.102 
25,959 
16,195 


51,265 


Foreign Free World 4 


25,383 




15,868 







See footnotes on page 61 



COTTON 63 

Table 88. — Cotton: Supply and distribution, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 


Distribution 


Year 

beginning 

August 


Carryover, be- 
ginning of season 


Cun- 
nings 
in 
season ' 


Im- 
ports 2 


Total 
supply 


Consumption 


Ex- 
ports 3 


Carryover , 
end of season 




Foreign 


Total 


Foreign 


Total 


Foreign 


Total 


1959 

1960 


1,000 
bales 4 
42 
37 
41 
42 
93 
72 
67 
52 
58 
46 
31 


1,000 
bales 4 
8,885 
7,559 
7,228 
7.831 
11,216 
12,378 
14,291 
16,862 
12,533 
6,448 
6,521 


1,000 
bales 4 
14,554 
14,416 
14,448 
14,889 
15,299 
15,246 
14,860 
9,859 
7,215 
11,030 


1,000 
bales 4 
140 
157 
158 
137 
113 

89 
104 

76 
145 

66 


1,000 

bales 4 

23,579 

22,132 

21,834 

22,857. 

26,628 

27,713 

29,255 

26,797 

19,893 

17,544 


1,000 

bales 4 

107 

93 

112 

103 

99 

89 

91 

87 

95 

75 


1,000 
bales 4 
9,025 
8,279 
8,954 
8,419 
8,609 
9,171 
9,497 
9,485 
8,982 
8,242 


1,000 
bales 4 
7,182 
6,632 
4,915 
3,351 
5,662 
4,060 
2,942 
4,669 
4,206 
2,731 


1,000 
bales 4 
37 
41 
42 
93 
72 
67 
62 
58 
46 
31 


1,000 

bales 4 
7,559 
7,228 


1961 

1982 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


7,831 
11,216 
12,378 
14,291 
16,862 
12,533 
6,448 
6,521 

























1 Ginnings during the 12 months, Aug. 1-July 31. Includes an allowance for "city crop" which consists of 
rebaled samples and pickings from cotton damaged by fire and weather. 

2 Total imports minus re-exports. 

3 Total exports minus re-imports. 

4 Domestic in running bales, and foreign in equivalent bales of 500 pounds. 

5 Preliminary. 



Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 
for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 89. 



Data 



Table 89. — Cotton: Mill consumption, by growths, United States, 1959-68 







Domestic 






Foreign 








Year 
















All 


beginning 


















growths 


August 


Upland J 


American 
Pima 2 


Total 


Egyptian 


Peruvian 


Indian 


Other 


Total 






Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


Bales 3 


1959 


8,862,282 


56,031 


8,918,313 


65,085 


16,080 


17,099 


8,728 


106.992 


9,025,305 


1960 


8,083,942 


75,156 


8,159,098 


60,019 


12,214 


( 4 ) 


21,129 


93,362 


8,252,460 


1961 


8,862,958 


96,563 8,959,521 


57,266 


18,465 


( 4 ) 


35,779 


111,510 


9,071,031 


1962 


8,198,178 


89,898 8,288,076 


49,198 


20,927 


( 4 ) 


32,695 


102,820 


8,390,896 


1963 


8,384.199 


70,965 


8,455,164 


49,661 


19,178 


( 4 ) 


29,914 


98,753 


8,553,917 


1964 


9,009,053 


81,336 


9,081,389 


48.933 


22,037 


( 4 ) 


18,506 


89,476 


9,170,865 


1965 


9,337,728 


67,687 


9,405,415 


47,319 


(*) 


18,201 


25,863 


91,383 


9,496,798 


1966 


9,297,954 


64,077 


9,362,031 


44,826 


( 4 ) 


16,304 


25,872 


86,802 


9,448,833 


1967 


8,923,073 


52,571 


8,975,644 


55,692 


( 4 ) 


19,281 


20,509 


95,482 


9,071,126 


1968 


8,066,550 


73,392 


8,139,942 


- 38,699 


( 4 ) 


22,218 


13,748 


74,665 


8,214,607 





1 Includes sea island cotton. 

2 Name changed from "American-Egyptian", effective July 1, 1970. 

3 Domestic in running bales, counting round as half bales, and foreign in equivalent bales of 500 pounds. 

4 Not reported separately; shown under "Other." 



Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 
for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 90. 



Data 



64 COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 

Table 90. — Cotton, American upland: Carryover, ginnings, supply, and disappear- 
ance, by grade, United States, 1959-69 



Year 

beginning 
August 



Carryover 

1959... 

1960... 

1961... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 

1969... 
Ginnings: 

1959... 

1960. . . 

1961... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 
Supply: 5 

1959. . . 

1960. . . 

1961... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 

Disappear 

ance: 

1959... 

1960... 

1961... 

1962 7 .. 

1963 7 .. 
1964... 
1965 7 .. 
1966... 
1967... 



White 1 



Strict 

Middling 

and 

higher 



1,000 

bales * 

934 

1,332 

801 

1,364 

775 

989 

868 

445 

244 

128 

122 

1,306 

1,099 

1,663 

769 

919 

566 

319 

126 

91 

117 

2,240 

2,431 

2,464 

2,133 

1.694 

1,555 

1,187 

571 

335 

246 



1,630 
1,100 
1,358 
705 
687 
742 
327 
207 
124 



Middling 



1,000 
bales * 
2,759 
2,997 
2,095 
2,861 
2,397 
2,747 
2,787 
1,963 
1,412 
876 
1,237 

4,749 
3,909 
4,676 
3,501 
3,782 
3,124 
2,791 
1,569 
1,378 
1,763 

7,508 
6,906 
6,771 
6,362 
6,179 
5,871 
5,577 
3.532 
2,790 
2,639 



4.511 
4,811 
3,910 
3,965 
3,432 
3,084 
3,613 
2,120 
1,915 
1,402 



Strict 
Low 

Middling 



1,000 
bales* 
1,590 
1,225 
1,084 
1,121 
2,032 
2,080 
3,001 
2,418 
1,934 
1,290 
2,192 

3,959 
3,631 
2,483 
4,055 
4,462 
4,880 
4,931 
2,797 
2,580 
4,315 

5,549 
4,856 
3,567 
5,176 
6,494 
6,960 
7,933 
5,216 
4,515 



4,324 
3,772 
2,446 
3,144 
4,414 
3,959 
5.514 
3,282 
3,222 
3,413 



Low 

Middling 

and 

lower 



1,000 

bales 1 

421 

379 

288 

403 

874 

788 

1;162 

1,214 

595 

486 

843 

1,358 

1,275 

848 

1,502 

1,637 

2,109 

2,050 

920 

680 

1,500 

1,779 
1,654 
1,136 
1,905 
2,511 
2,897 
3,212 
2,134 
1,276 
1,986 



1,400 
1,366 

733 
1,031 
1,723 
1,735 
1,998 
1,538 

790 
1,143 



Light Spotted 



Strict 

Middling 

and 

higher 



1,000 
bales * 
476 
440 
806 
387 
893 
827 



464 
146 
36 

322 

421 

483 

221 

221 

98 

73 

33 

33 

25 



798 
861 



,114 
925 
875 
799 



358 
55 
902 
-285 
287 
123 
109 
336 
351 
135 



Middling 



1,000 
bales * 



1,294 
650 
2,103 
2,093 
2,249 
3,772 
2,685 
1,107 
652 

1,218 

1,649 
1,668 
1,649 
1,989 
1,471 
1,694 
1,060 
973 
1,012 

2,009 

2,118 

962 

299 
092 
5-i4 
943 
832 
658 
119 



1,540 

824 

2,312 

196 

1,999 

1,315 

172 

2,147 

2,550 

1,467 



Strict 
Low 
Middling 
and 
lower 



1,000 

bales 4 

705 

217 

327 

362 

1,340 

1,561 

1,673 

3,828 

2,637 

990 



1,054 
1,366 
1,429 
2,303 
1,576 
1,885 
2,282 
1,911 
1,080 
1,626 

1,789 
1,553 
1,756 
2,665 
2,916 
3,446 
3,956 
5,738 
3,717 
2,616 



1.542 
1,256 
1,394 
1,325 
1,355 
1,773 
128 
3,101 
2,727 
1,849 



All 

Spotted 



1,000 

bales 4 

659 

160 

195 

297 

441 

842 

1,182 

1,857 

1,999 

1,002 

374 



333 
459 
418 
256 
531 
356 
826 
389 
329 

825 

493 

654 

715 

697. 

1.373 

1,538 

2,683 

2,387 

1,331 



298 
357 
274 

—145 
191 

—319 
684 

1,386 
957 



Other 
col- 
ored 2 



1,000 
bales* 
383 
171 
188 
280 
150 
183 
294 
302 
300 
221 
124 

314 
516 
554 
336 
287 
368 
351 
249 
166 
151 

697 
687 
742 
616 
437 
551 
645 
551 
467 
372 



526 



254 
257 
343 
251 
246 
248 



All 
grades ; 



1,000 

bales* 

8,718 

7,390 

7,078 

7,725 

11,005 

12,110 

14,018 

16,565 

12,270 

6,246 

6,347 

14,446 
14,199 
14,263 
14,754 
15,129 
15,032 
14,847 
9,491 
7,370 
10,838 

23,164 
21,589 
21,341 
22,479 
26,134 
27,142 
28,866 
26,056 
19,641 
17,085 



15,774 
14,511 
13,616 
11,474 
14,024 
13,124 
12,300 
13,786 
13,394 
10,738 



1 "Plus" grades of White included with straight grades. 

2 Includes all grades of Tinged, Stained, Light Gray, Gray, and Below Grade. 

3 U.S. Department of Commerce. 

4 Running bales. 

5 Carryover at the beginning of the season plus ginnings. 

6 Supply minus carryover at the end of the season. 

7 Negative disappearance reflected in total. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 91. 



COTTON 



65 



Table 91. — Cotton, American upland: Carryover, ginnings, supply, and disappear- 
ance of American upland, by staple lengths, United States, 1959-69 



Year beginning 
August 



Carryover: 

1959... 

1960. . . . 

1961... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965. . . . 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 

1969... 
Ginnings: 

1959... 

1960. . . . 

1961.... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964.... 

1965. . . . 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 
Supply: 4 

1959... 

1960. . . . 

1961.... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965. . . . 

1966... 

1967... 

1968.... 
Disappear- 
ance: 5 

1959 6 ... 

1960. . . . 

1961.... 

1962.... 

1963.... 

1964.... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967.... 

1968... 



% inch 

and 
shorter l 



1,000 

bales 3 

50 

6 

1 

3 

2 

13 

25 

25 

8 

9 



21 
2 
2 
3 

17 

49 

9 

8 
2 

1 



%and 
% inch 



1,000 

bales 3 

1,491 

185 

45 

198 

633 

1,400 

1,341 

2,074 

1,179 

490 

73 

830 

340 

591 

778 

1,419 

1,196 

1,042 

735 

382 

126 

2,321 

525 

636 

976 

2,053 

2,596 

2,383 

2,808 

1,561 

615 



2,136 
480 
438 
343 
652 

1,255 
310 

1,629 

1,071 
542 



% and 
sl /$2 inch 



1,000 

bales 3 

2,181 

1,239 

552 

1,177 

2,220 

2,273 

2,973 

3,834 

3,733 

1,691 

748 

2,596 
3,031 
3,261 
3,061 
2,436 
2,194 
2,947 
1,814 
1,321 
1,509 

4,777 
4,270 
3,813 
4,238 
4,656 
4,467 
5,920 
5,647 
5,055 
3,200 



3,538 
3,718 
2,636 
2,018 
2,383 
1,494 
2,087 
1,914 
3,364 
2,452 



1 and 
1*6 

inches 



1,000 
bales 3 
2,411 



4,253 
4,576 
5,790 
4,243 
1,641 
1,281 



338 

555 

1,642 

1,109 

1,707 

6,219 
6,374 
6,105 
5,799 
7,388 
8,591 
8,132 
7,433 
5,353 
3,348 



3,940 
3,344 
3,951 
2,610 
3,135 
4,015 
2,340 
3,189 
3,712 
2,067 



1 He and 
1% 
inches 



1,000 
bales 3 
2,347 
3,417 
3,274 
3,798 
4,730 
4,017 
4,829 
4,483 
2,744 
2,002 
3,317 

6,706 
6,222 
6,829 
6,843 
6,707 
6,820 
6,859 
4,888 
3,807 
5,676 

9,053 
9,639 
10,103 
10,641 
11,435 
10,837 
11,688 
9,372 
6,550 
7,680 



5,636 
6,365 
6,305 



,629 
,547 
,363 



IHand 

1% 
inches 



1,000 
bales 3 
224 
240 
166 
373 
219 
142 
258 
343 
323 
372 
898 

479 
503 
491 
408 
332 
430 
418 
346 
672 
1,771 

703 
743 
657 
781 
552 
572 
676 
689 
995 
2,143 



463 
577 
284 
562 
410 
314 
333 
367 
623 
1,245 



1% and 
inches 



1,000 

bales 3 

12 

21 

9 

17 

8 

9 

14 

12 

35 

32 



1 finches 

and 

longer 



1,000 
bales 3 



All 

staple 
lengths 2 



1,000 
bales 3 
8,718 
7,390 
7,078 
7,725 
11,005 
12,110 
14,018 
16,565 
12,270 
6,246 
6,347 

14,446 
14,199 
14,263 
14,754 
15,129 
15,034 
14,849 
9,491 
7,370 
10,838 

23,164 
21,589 
21,341 
22,479 
26,134 
27,142 
28,866 
26,056 
19,641 
17,085 



15,774 
14,511 
13,616 
11,474 
14,024 
13,124 
12,300 
13,786 
13,394 
10,738 



1 Includes "no staple" and "perished staple." 

2 U.S. Department of Commerce. 
5 Running bales. 

4 Carryover at the beginning of the season plus ginnings. 

5 Supply minus carryover at the end of the season. 

6 Negative disappearance reflected in total. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 92. 



66 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 92. — Cotton, American Pima: 1 Carryover and ginnings, by grade and staple 
length, United States, 1959-69 



Year 

beginning 
August 



Grade 



Staple length (inches) 



1 and 2 : 3 and 4 5 and 6 



Carrvover 

1959... 

1960. . . 

1961... 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967 ... 

1968... 

1969... 
Ginnings: 

1959... 

1960. . . 

1961. . 

1962... 

1963... 

1964... 

1965... 

1966... 

1967... 

1968... 

1969 5 .. 



1.000 
bales* 
36.7 
28.4 
15.6 
26.5 
30.8 
25.9 
30.8 
10.6 
36.4 
27.0 
17.6 

19.2 

12.1 

8.7 

17.5 

16.2 

25.0 

11.3 

11.9 

8.2 

5.4 

4.8 



1,000 

bale?* 

79.0 

89.5 

85.1 

34.6 

71.8 

144.1 

146.4 

132.2 

136.3 

101.1 

102.6 

40.6 
47.8 
43.3 
75.6 
113.5 
77.5 
56.9 
46.9 
46.7 
57.7 
46.8 



1,000 

bales* 

5.3 

10.7 

8.4 

1.3 

11.0 

17.1 

21.5 

81.4 

27.8 

21.7 

18.8 

8.3 

5.1 

6.5 

10.9 

20.2 

7.6 

13.4 

9.7 

8.9 

10.4 

20.2 



7 and 8 



1,000 
bales* 
1.7 
2.9 
.3 
1.1 
2.7 
6.0 
4.8 
9.5 
4.3 
4.4 



.6 
1.6 
3.8 
8.6 
4.3 
2.6 
2.1 
2.7 
2.6 
3.6 



and 10 l?i6 and 
shorter 



1.000 

bales* 

0.6 

1.8 

.1 

.6 
1.4 
2.6 
1.6 
1.8 

.3 
1.4 

.7 

.2 
.4 
1.0 
2.0 
2.7 
2.1 
1.1 
.6 
1.8 
2.1 
1.4 



m 



1.000 
bales* 



2.3 

.5 

4.6 

2.0 

15.5 
7.2 

20.9 
8.0 
3.3 
5.8 

1.6 
1.0 
2.7 
4.2 
18.8 
12.7 
7.9 
7.0 
5.5 
4.9 
4.3 



1,000 

bales* 

13.7 

53.8 

38.4 

8.0 

32.4 

151.4 

179.7 

162 4 

151.8 

77.4 

109.1 

26.4 
25.9 

28.4 
76.5 
139.1 
101.0 
74.5 
61.3 
50.0 
56.4 
60.1 



1,000 
bales* 
69.3 
72.3 
61.3 
45.8 
69.8 
24.0 
16.3 
45.6 
13.3 
45.8 
19.1 

40.6 

39.1 

30.0 

29.1 

3.3 

2.8 

2.9 

2.9 

12.8 

16.9 

12.4 



I Afl 

grades 

and all 
lxie and i lengths 
longer | (*) 



1,000 
bales* 

39.5 
4.3 
7.8 
5.4 

13.1 
4.8 
1.4 
6.6 

31.8 



1,000 | 
bales* ; 
0.8 
.6 
1.5 
.3 
.4 
( 4 ) 

.5 
(*) 
.2 
.3 
( 4 ) 



1,000 
bales* 
123.3 
133.3 
109.5 
64.1 
117.7 
195.7 
205.1 
235.5 
205.1 
155.6 
142.5 



66.0 
61.1 
109. S 
161.2 
116.5 
85.3 
71.2 
68.3 
78.2 
76.8 



1 Name changed from "American-Egyptian", effective July 1. 1970. 

S TLS. Department of Commerce. TotaJs include small quantities of sealand and sea island cotton. 

3 Running bales. 

4 Less than 50 bales. 

5 Pre limin ary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 93. 



Table 93. — Cotton, upland: Grade index and average staple length of upland cotton 
ginned, United States, 1954-69 



Year beginning August 


Grade 
index 1 


Average 
staple - 


Year beginning August 


Grade 
index • 


Average 

staple 2 


1954 

1955 


95.6 
93.2 
96.0 
91.7 
96.7 
95.8 
95.4 
95.7 


32.2 
32.6 
32.7 
32.6 
32.8 
32.8 
32.9 
32.9 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


93.9 
94.6 
93.2 
93.0 
92.0 
92.8 
92.6 
91.0 


32.8 
32.7 


1956 

1957 

1958 


32.8 
32.8 
33.0 


1959 

I960 


33.4 
33.9 


1961 


1 1969 s 


33.6 



1 Computed by weighting the quantity in each grade by the 1937-39 average price per pound for such grade of 
15 yi6-inch staple. Converted to an index with Middling White equaling 100. For 1958 and subsequent years, 
constants for Plus, Light Spotted, and Light Gray set at mid-points between full grade weights. _ 

2 Averages calculated on numerical equivalents of the staple-length designation. For example, "yi inch =28, 
15 /i6 inch =29, etc. Averages are in terms of thirty-seconds cf an inch. 

s Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 94. 



COTTON 



67 



Table 94. — Cotton, upland: Grade index and average staple length of upland cotton 

ginned, by States, 1965-69 



State 


Grade index ! 


Average staple 


length (32ds of an inch) 3 




1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




91.6 
98.5 
92.5 
92.7 
90.6 
87.9 
93.9 
93.1 
93.5 
91.7 
93.4 
90.9 
93.0 
96.9 
93.1 
94.0 
92.4 


92.5 
89.9 
91.6 
91.7 
89.8 
91.0 
93.2 
92.2 
94.0 
91.0 
94.3 
89.7 
90.1 
96.6 
91.9 
94.7 
96.2 


90.7 


94.0 


93.3 


33.4 
32.8 
33.4 
33.9 
33.2 
33.1 
33.4 
33.2 
34.0 
33.8 
33.8 
30.4 
30.7 
35.5 
33.6 
34.5 
34.3 


34.6 
33.8 
33.8 
34.0 
33.2 
32.9 
34.0 
33.2 
34.2 
34.5 
33.8 
30.8 
30.8 
36.2 
33.6 
34.4 
35.3 


34.4 


34.7 


34.4 








91.2 
92.2 
91.9 
90.5 
91.0 
89.5 
92.8 
90.1 
94.5 
92.9 
93.0 
96.1 
93.6 
93.6 
95.5 


91.4 
91.3 
91.1 
91.2 
93.9 
93.0 
92.0 
92.7 
93.7 
90.4 
92.2 
96.2 
95.3 
92.4 
96.4 


88.5 
87.4 
86.0 
88.7 
93.2 
91.2 
92.4 
92.4 
94.7 
91.3 
87.0 
94.0 
93.5 
94.5 
96.2 


34.3 

34.6 
33.7 
33.5 
34.1 
33.3 
34.5 
34.4 
34.0 
31.0 
31.7 
36.3 
34.0 
35.1 
36.4 


33.8 
34.5 
33.9 
33.9 
33.8 
33.7 
34.8 
34.6 
34.3 
32.1 
32.2 
36.2 
34.7 
35.7 
35.2 


34.2 




34.5 


Georgia 

Florida 

Tennessee 


33.5 
33.6 
33.7 
33.6 




34.6 


Arkansas 


34.6 
34.2 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


31.5 
31.6 


New Mexico 

Arizona 

California 

All other 


36.1 
34.1 
35.0 
35.0 








93.0 


92.0 


92.8 


92.6 


91.0 


32.8 


33.0 


33.4 


33.9 


33.6 







1 Computed by weighting the quantity in each grade by the 1937-39 average price per pound for such grade 
of 15 /f 6 -inch staple. Converted to an index with Middling White equaling 100. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Average calculated on numerical equivalents of the staple-length designations. For example, J^=28, 
%=29, etc. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 

Table 95. — Cotton: International trade, average 1960-64, crop years 1966-68 x 



Country 


Average 1960-64 


1966 


1967 


1968 2 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Experts 


Imports 


Principal exporting countries: 

Nicaragua 

Mexico 


1,000 

bales 3 

328 

1,606 

5,063 
950 
524 

1,710 

459 

46 

1,399 
610 
480 
573 
535 


1,000 

bales 3 



1 

135 





710 



6 





13 






1,000 

bales 3 

427 

1,392 

4,832 

1,014 

381 

2,400 

729 



1,428 

682 

558 

577 

1,049 


1,000 

bales 3 



2 

105 





700 



30 





10 






1,000 

bales 3 

429 

1,239 

4,361 
836 
283 

2,500 

566 



1,171 
794 
887 
491 

1,040 


1,000 

bales 3 



2 

149 





500 



20 





18 






1,000 

bales 3 

452 

1,631 

2,825 

1,765 

376 

2,200 

460 



1,087 

848 

574 

549 

953 


1,000 

bales 3 

2 
68 







Peru 

U.S.S.R 




600 














Sudan 

Pakistan 

Syria 

Turkey 



1 




Total 


14,283 


865 


15,469 


847 


14,597 


689 


13,720 


671 


Principal importing countries: 

Canada 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxembourg 

France 


3 

5 
5 
60 
8 
6 
1 

' 

37 



2 

11 

1 

240 



385 

120 

385 

1,263 

1,352 

1,005 

365 

617 

342 

180 

105 

197 

1,062 

537 

709 

3,206 




1 
3 

83 
1 

80 



30 




189 



404 

101 

284 

1,270 

1,217 

1,185 

409 

684 

317 

148 

85 

217 

832 

728 

621 

3,556 



1 
3 

2 
73 


95 




60 







171 




361 

99 

298 

1,085 

1,331 

994 

372 

624 

360 

160 

87 

186 

902 

760 

644 

3,499 





6 

85 


40 



3 



137 
6 


347 
96 

302 
1,145 
1,127 


Italy 

Netherlands 


986 
286 
698 


Portugal 

Spain 


426 
300 


Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 


64 
204 

778 




777 


India 


377 
3,131 






Total 


379 


11,830 


387 


12,058 


407 


11,762 


277 


11,044 



1 Crop year beginning Aug. 1. 2 Preliminary. 3 480 pounds net. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



68 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 96. — Cotton: United States exports by country of destination, average 1960-64, 

annual 1967 and 1968 





Year beginning August 


Country of destination 


Year beginning August 


Country of destination 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Austria 


1,000 

bales 1 

24 

124 

15 

18 

330 

277 

356 

113 

13 

131 

22 

76 

83 

77 

251 

117 

17 


1,000 

bales 1 

1 

46 

10 

11 

154 

104 

266 

37 

7 

80 

9 

7 

78 

63 

130 

70 

26 


1,000 
bales 1 


30 

1 

3 
91 
32 
65 
20 

5 
112 

9 

5 
53 
33 
49 
56 

7 


Australia 


1,000 

bales 1 

63 

369 

19 

3 

( J ) 

9 

150 

324 

42 

16 

1,216 

267 

14 

126 

42 

211 

35 

6 

107 


1,000 

bales 1 

18 

151 

1 





23 

310 

355 

73 

5 

1,146 

362 

18 

160 

23 

383 

92 



142 


1,000 
bales 1 

116 




Chile 


( 2 ) 


Finland 

France 


Colombia 

Cuba 

Ethiopia 



9 


Italy 


201 






176 


Norway 


Indonesia 


110 
1 


Portugal 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 


Japan 

Korea, Republic of 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

South Africa, Republic of 


557 
459 

1 
123 

9 
264 




Thailand 

Uruguay 


68 





160 


Total Europe 


2,044 


1,099 


571 




Total 






5,063 


4,361 


2,825 









1 480 pounds net. 

2 Less than 500 bales. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 97. — Cotton and cotton linters: United States imports for consumption, by 
country of origin, average 1960-64, annual 1967 and 1968 





Year beginning August 


Country of origin 


Year beginning August 


Country of origin 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


Cotton, raw: 


Bales 1 
60,853 
13,781 
24,318 

6,596 
22,126 

6,799 


Bales 1 
28,174 
10,482 
38,930 
4,947 
23,776 
42,832 


Bales 1 
17,384 
10,883 
18,255 
5,952 
8,519 
6,590 


Cotton, linters: 
El Salvador 


Bales 1 
9,693 
11,052 
83,383 
2,027 
26,149 
33,329 


Bales i 
5,921 
7,091 
77,712 
13,795 
28,609 
12,286 


Bales 1 
4,202 


India 

Mexico 


Guatemala 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

U.S.S.R.... 


4,836 
98,324 
8,656 


Peru 


7,353 
14,510 




Total 




Total 


134,473 


149,141 


67,583 


165,633 


145,414 


137,881 



1 480 pounds net. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. 



Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 98. — Cotton, American upland: Percentage distribution of micronaire readings, 
by specified groups, United States, 1963-69 



Year beginning 


Micronaire groups 


August 


2.6 and 
below 


2.7to2.9 


3.0to3.2 


3.3to3.4 


3.5to4.9 


5.0to5.2 


5.3 and 
above 


1963 


Percent 
0.8 
.8 
1.7 
2.2 
2.4 
1.1 
.8 


Percent 
2.5 
1.9 
4.0 
4.5 
6.1 
3.3 
1.5 


Percent 
5.1 
4.9 
6.4 
6.6 
9.8 
6.2 
3.1 


Percent 
4.0 
4.5 
4.3 
4.2 
6.5 
4.4 
2.5 


Percent 
80.0 
76.8 
73.6 
66.7 
69.6 
76.5 
76.9 


Percent 
6.0 
7.9 
7.5 

10.9 
4.6 
7.0 

11.5 


Percent 

1.6 


1964 

1965 


3.2 
2.5 


1966 


4.9 


1967 

1968 


1.0 
1.5 


1969 ! 


3.7 







1 Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



COTTON 



69 



Table 99. — Cotton, American upland: Spot prices in cents per pound for specified 
grades of one-inch staple, 1959-68 x 



Year 




White 




Light Spotted 


Spotted 


beginning 

August 


Strict 
Middling 


Middling 


Strict 

Low 

Middling 


Low 
Middling 


Strict 
Middling 


Middling 


Strict 

Low 

Middling 


Strict 
Middling 


Middling 


1959 


Cents 
32.52 
31.51 
34.25 
34.06 
33.64 
31.20 
30.07 
22. 51 1 
25.38 
23.38 


Cents 
31.93 
30.96 
33.67 
33.52 
33.18 
30.73 
29.60 
22.08 
24.83 
22.90 


Cents 
29.16 
28.83 
32.34 
31.93 
31.58 
29.15 
27.94 
20.25 
22.97 
20.73 


Cents 
26.78 
27.31 
31.03 
30.40 
30.02 
27.57 
26.41 
18.71 
21.25 
19.16 


Cents 
30.66 
29.80 
32.99 
32.70 
32.35 
29.90 
28.73 
21.11 
23.90 
21.97 


Cents 
29.12 
28.71 
32.21 
31.88 
31.58 
29.16 
27.97 
20.32 
23.01 
21.00 


Cents 
26.85 
27.32 
31.01 
30.43 
30.13 
27.71 
26.55 
18.93 
21.42 
19.34 


Cents 
28.67 
28.21 
31.42 
30.76 
30.29 
27.78 
26.54 
18.86 
21.25 
19.46 


Cents 
26.51 


1960 . 


26.90 


1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


30.45 
28.78 
29.38 
26.99 
25.81 
18.20 


1967 . 


20.57 


1968 


18.77 



1 Averages for the designated spot markets. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1954-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 100. 



Table 100. — Cotton, American upland: Spot prices in cents per pound for specified 
staple lengths of Middling, 1959-68 x 



Year beginning August 



1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



inch 



Cents 
28.55 
28.16 
31.43 
31.30 
30.88 
28.44 
27.25 
19.22 
19.22 



% 


% 


inch 


inch 


Cents 


Cents 


29.28 


30.26 


28.70 


29.43 


31.89 


32.43 


31.76 


32.26 


31.35 


31.85 


28.91 


29.39 


27.73 


28.19 


19.69 


20.20 


19.71 


20.53 


19.22 


20.09 



inch 



Cents 
31.11 
30.20 
33.02 
32.82 
32.42 
29.96 
28.79 
20.84 
22.06 
21.10 



1 inch 



Cents 
31.93 
30.96 
33.67 
33.52 
33.18 
30.73 
29.60 
22.08 
24.83 
22.90 



m 

inches 



Cents 
32.69 
31.71 
34.46 
34.33 
34.00 
31.69 
30.61 
23.22 
28.22 
24.89 



1V6 

inches 



Cents 
33.46 
32.43 
35.08 
34.93 
34.68 
32.40 
31.46 
24.73 
30.60 
26.93 



. 1% 
inches 



Cents 
33.94 
32.82 
35.44 
35.28 
35.06 
32.94 
32.09 
25.40 
31.48 
27.52 



1 Averages for the designated spot markets. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1954-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 101. 



Table 101. — Cotton, American upland: High, low, and season average spot price per 
pound for the base quality, 1959-68 x 



Season beginning 


Middling 1 inch 


Season beginning 
August 


Middling 1 inch 


August 


Average 


High 


Low 


Average 


High 


Low 


1959 

1960 


Cents 
31.93 
30.96 
33.67 
33.52 
33.18 


Cents 
32.47 
32.91 
34.18 
34.16 
33.42 


Cents 
31.38 
30.09 
32.94 
32.95 
31.78 


1964 

1965 

1966 


Cents 
30.73 
29.60 
22.08 
24.83 
22.90 


Cents 
31.71 
30.27 
22.65 
27.13 
25.11 


Cents 
30.27 
29.41 


1961 


21.82 


1962 


1967 

1968 


22 64 


1963 


21.87 







1 Averages for the designated spot markets. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 102. 



70 



COTTOX. SUGAR. AND TOBACCO. 1970 



Table 102. — Cotton, American upland: Spot price per pound for the base quality in 
designated markets, 1959-68 * 



Market 



1950 



1953 



~.? : -. 



'- '- : : 



Charleston . . 
Augustc, ...... 

Atlanta 

Montgomery . 
New Orleans . 
Little Rock.. 
Memphis. .. 
Greenwood. . 
Galveston . . . 

IE 

Houston 

Lubbock .... 

Phoenix - 

Pfeesoo 



lads 

32.53 
32.54 

:; -' 

32.55 
32.61 
31.47 
31 SS 

32.12 
31.79 
31.50 
31.35 
31.51 
31.30 



31.21 



Cents 

31.47 
31.42 
31.46 
31.23 
31.32 
30.55 I 

30. So 

31. OS 
30.99 I 
30.68 ! 
: »2 
30.54 
30.17 



Cads 

34.23 

:- :s 

34.39 
34.16 
U . ; 
33.39 
33.62 
33.66 
33.63 
33.35 
33 36 
33.27 
32.94 



31.15 33.12 



Cent? | 
34.23 
34.02 r 



. : -: . 

34.12 

34. OS 

33.17 

33.35 

33.46 

3359 

33.31 

33.31 

33.30 

32.98 

32.38 

33.37 



Crr.U 


C-: -. : : 


Cads ' 


Cents 


33.75 


31.29 


I- r. 


;: 28 


33.59 


31.21 


29. SS 


:: : r 


33 . 57 


31. IS 


:.- x 


22.21 


33.58 


31.14 


30.21 I 


22.37 


33 . 57 


31 12 


30.24 


22.31 


32.S2 


30.37 


29.35 


21.91 


33.07 ; 


;■ ; 


29.49 


:: 14 


33.10 j 


: - : 


. - 


22.10 


33.32 


30.86 


2; S 


22.19 


32.93 


30.37 


29.35 


22.02 


32.73 


30.29 


29.25 


21 m 


32. SO 


30.27 


29 35 


21.86 


32.53 


: -_ ; 


29.06 j 


21 ; 4 


32.2S 


29.99 


28.90 


21.55 


33.59 


31.15 


30.01 I 


22.37 



Cents 
25.13 


Cents 

23.55 


25.47 

:' :-s 


23.60 
23.56 
23.55 


:- ' 

25.32 
24-54 


23.19 
23.09 
23.04 


:-. 47 

24.37 

: : -. 


22.34 
22.50 
22.28 



Average 



:: -.: 
j. 



21.95 

:. 25 



31. 93 3J.95 33.57 33.52 33.18 30.73 29. SC 22 ■ 24 53 



1 Year beginning August. Average of monthly averages. 
: Designated August 1962. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



Prices are for Middling 1 inch. 



Table 103.— Cotton: Average cost per 500-pound gross weight bale to farmers for 
ginning cotton (including bagging and ties), by States. 1959-68 * 



Kind of cotton and State 



'.-:- 



:-:» 



Crlar.: 

Missouri 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

i-ir.rssee 

Alabama 

. ~ rippi 

Arkansas 

L - _.s:ana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

California . . . 

Ail upland cotton . 

Air.-::- it: F:~i ; 



_;:;:-: 


. :'.'.:-- 


Dollars 


Dollars 


i :.,:-: 


Dollars 


D-Z-i 


.:.:".:-. 


„:::,-: 


Dollar? 


17 : : 


18.52 


U ; " 


IS " 


19.52 


19.40 


is ; : 


20.70 


: i 


. 73 


9.15 


9.58 

12.45 


12.00 
13.54 


11.99 
13 57 


12.21 
13.73 


:: 38 
14.46 


- 

15.02 


13.25 
14.99 






12. Si- 


15.08 




ll. 73 


12.78 


: : 78 


14.17 


-.4 .5 


14.18 


14 54 


14.95 


15.37 


17.07 


11.23 


12 61 


13.37 


1 '. 


13.50 


13.63 


13.79 


14.08 


13.65 


14.26 


13.94 


13.23 


:-. .4 


13.44 


IS 36 


14 48 


14.04 


14.40 


14.31 


14.34 


13.96 


14.30 


-..- -.: 


15.71 


15.28 


15.50 


15.00 


> -': 


15 42 


17.62 


11.43 


11.79 


12.24 


12.44 


12.72 


:: 77 


13.26 


13.55 


13.36 


14 •: 


13.73 


13.42 


'4 47 


14.69 


14.75 


14.50 


15.19 


15.91 


16.08 


16.07 


15.71 


16.26 


17.57 


17.71 


17.20 


17.62 




18.31 


18.00 


18.49 


:.: :-5 


15.31 


15.89 


16.31 


16.01 


:-: -s 


16.53 


17.29 


." 4: 


17.17 


15.52 


17.26 


19 87 


19.79 


19.20 


20.10 


19.13 


20.70 


19.25 


19.39 


15.94 


- 17 


17.94 


18.27 


18.11 


17.96 


15 54 


1.- -c 


:; -:• 


19.36 


14.01 


14.97 


17.06 




17.65 


17 78 


\' ^4 


2a. 27 


19.21 


19.41 


16.88 


17 • 


-.5 2? 


15 38 


19.48 


: ; ■- 


! 1 " 


20 ' ; 


20.64 


20.08 


15.91 


16.30 


17 54 


IS 56 


18.58 


19.05 


18.82 


19.41 


21.36 


21.44 


:•: : 


15 42 


:: ^ : 


17.08 


-.: ; : 


-.' ~- : 


17.30 


18.25 


18.60 


IS :4 



25.62 25.25 25 75 25.72 27.06 26.30 28.55 27.09 28 



29.23 



1 Crop year beginning Aug. 1. Includes bagging and ties, drying o: seed cotton, and use of lint cleaners. 
: Name cha n ged from " "American -Egyptian" , effective July 1, 1970. 



Consumer and Marketing Service and Economic E.esearch Service. 



COTTON AND COTTON LINTERS 



71 



Table 104.— Cotton: Average spot price per pound in specified foreign countries, 

1962-69 x 



Market and description 



Alexandria, Egypt: Giza 66, G/FG 2 

Alexandria, Egypt: Menoufi, G/FG 2 

Bombay, India: Vidarba, Fine 3 

Karachi, Pakistan: 289F Sind, S.G., Fine. 
Karachi, Pakistan: 4F Punjab R.G., Fine 

Lima, Peru: Tanguis, Type 5 

Lima, Peru: Pima, Type 1 

Sao Paulo, Brazil: Type 5 

Matamoros, Mexico: Middling l!^ 4 



Year beginning August 



1962 1963 1964 1965 



Cents 
29.66 
33.83 
23.91 
22.33 
19.38 
27.58 
32.19 
15.32 
25.06 



Cents 
30.44 
37.15 
25.13 
22.25 
19.62 
29.80 
34.91 
14.89 
25.63 



Cents 
34.70 
41.70 
25.30 
26.54 
23.74 
28.08 
35.37 
19.82 
25.05 



Cents 
29.28 
38.62 
27.28 
24.41 
21.62 
25.39 
33.39 
20.99 
24.09 



Cents 
28.45 
40.00 
22.79 
22.09 
19.15 
28.73 
35.73 
21.08 
24.54 



Cents 
32.13 
44.37 
24.14 
23.37 
18.78 
27.73 
39.00 
25.19 
26.53 



Cents 
36.00 
50.23 
24.58 
26.05 
22.42 
24.18 
40.32 
20.91 
23.46 



Cents 
35.29 
50.42 
26.45 
25.53 
22.34 
24.02 
40.59 
20.65 
23.13 



1 All prices are averages of 52 weekly quotations except 1969 which is for 30 weeks. Export taxes are exclud- 
ed except for Matamoros. 

2 Egyptian Cotton Commission official export selling prices since May 31, 1962. Giza 66 replaced Ashmouni 
Aug. 5, 1965; Menoufi replaced Karnak July 9, 1964. 

3 Jarila Fine prior to Sept. 2, 1965. 

4 Matamoros District cotton in standard density bales ex-warehouse Brownsville, Texas, gross weight basis. 
Tampico-Altamira (M l^e") replaced Matamoros (M l 1 -^*) June 22, 1967. Torreon-Coahuila district cotton 
replaced Tampico-Altamira Nov. 2, 1967. Sinaloa-Sonora replaced Torreon-Coahuila June 6, 1969. Torreon- 
Coahuila replaced Sinaloa-Sonora Nov. 21, 1969. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Data for 1954-61 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 105. 



Table 105. — Cotton linters: Supply, distribution, and season average price. United 

States, 1959-69 





Supply- 


Distribution 


Price per pound 1 


Year 


















beginning 














Felting linters 




August 


Stocks 
Aug. 1 


Produc- 
tion 


Imports 


Total 


Con- 
sumption 


Exports 












grade 
















High 


Medium 


















grade 


grade 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 










bales 2 


bales 2 


bales 2 


bales 2 


bale** 


bales 2 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


1959 


544 


1,665 


164 


2,373 


1,446 


329 


7.83 


5.68 


2.92 


1960 


465 


1,582 


124 


2,171 


1,281 


339 


7.95 


5.28 


3.30 


1961 


468 


1,627 


183 


2,278 


1,338 


250 


8.30 


6.66 


4.92 


1962 


576 


1,646 


113 


2,335 


1,328 


351 


7.59 


6.30 


2.91 


1963 


550 


1,598 


164 


2,312 


1,358 


322 


7.90 


6.24 


2.57 


1964 


601 


1,652 


153 


2,406 


1,386 


301 


7.96 


5.98 


2.52 


1965 


671 


1,580 


193 


2,444 


1,453 


283 


7.77 


5.89 


3.13 


1966 


641 
637 


1,129 
883 


200 
129 


1,969 
1,650 


1,157 
1,090 


179 
176 


9.39 

9.28 


7.89 
7.26 


5.69 


1967 


4.38 


1968 




1,307 


131 


17802 


1,125 


171 


8.34 


5.88 


3.47 


1969 3 


432 





































1 Uncompressed in carload lots, f.o.b. mill points. 

2 Bales are running bales except imports, which are 500-pound bales; includes production at oil mills, gins, 
and other delinting plants. Beginning in 1959, "Supply" items are principally in 600-pound gross weight 
bales and "Distribution" items are in running bales. 

3 Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Supply and distribution figures compiled from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 107. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 106 

1 Estimates for Southern Hemisphere countries include unginned cotton. 

2 Includes cotton destroyed or unaccounted for. 

3 Bales of 480 pounds net (500 pounds gross) . 

4 Running bales except imports, which are in bales of 480 pounds net. 

5 Ginning in season of 10,990,000 running bales plus city crop of 40,000. 

6 Imports for consumption. 

7 Includes 13,000 bales unaccounted for required to balance supply and distribution. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



72 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 
Table 106. — Cotton: Supply and distribution, by countries, 1968-69 



Country 


Beginning 
stocks 
Aug. 1 » 


Produc- 
tion 


Imports 


Total 
supply 


Con- 
sump- 
tion 2 


Exports 


Ending 

stocks 

July 31 » 


Total 
distri- 
bution 


Exporting countries: 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

El Salvador 


1,000 

bales 3 

575 

92 

27 

51 

370 

1,456 

95 

10 

422 

3 


1,000 

bales 3 

2,450 

405 

205 

335 

515 

3,300 

640 

55 

425 

49 

70 

200 

80 

90 

25 

200 

1,050 

350 

2,005 

260 

235 

195 

382 

100 

50 

690 

150 

2,430 

705 

2,000 

87 

335 


1,000 

bales 3 

2 


1,000 

bales 3 

3,027 

497 

241 

386 

970 

4,756 

740 

65 

847 

52 

70 

240 

127 

102 

33 

215 

1,821 

406 

2,249 

300 

262 

359 

446 

148 

60 

742 

187 

2,981 

730 

2,235 

98 

501 


1,000 

bales 3 

712 

32 

50 

35 

450 

1,325 

310 

25 

80 

16 

5 

1 

2 


1,000 

bales 3 

1,631 

452 

107 

325 

1 

1,765 

295 

28 

376 

28 

52 

190 

75 

94 

10 

50 

848 

242 

1,087 

60 

208 

180 

200 

50 

20 

420 

35 

574 

549 

953 

25 

180 


1,000 
bales 3 

684 
13 
84 
26 

519 
1,666 

135 
12 

391 

8 

13 

49 

50 

8 

8 

115 

908 

124 

312 
85 
34 

159 
78 
48 
10 
87 
37 

737 
66 

492 
22 

116 


1,000 
bales 3 
3,027 
497 


9 


241 




386 




85 


970 




4,756 
740 
65 


Colombia 

Paraguay 

Peru 


5 




847 


Other Western Hemisphere 




52 




70 


Chad 


40 
47 
12 
8 
15 

771 
56 

244 
40 
27 

164 
44 
48 
10 
52 
15 

550 
25 

235 
11 
75 




240 


Central African Republic 




127 




102 






15 

50 

65 

40 

850 

155 

20 

20 

168 

50 

30 

235 

115 

1,670 

115 

790 

51 

205 


33 






215 






1 821 


Uganda 




406 




2,249 
300 


Nigeria 






262 


Mozambique 


20 


359 
446 


Afghanistan 


148 




60 






742 


Israel 

Pakistan 

Syria 

Turkey.. 


22 
1 


187 

2,981 

730 




2,235 




98 


Greece 


91 


501 


above 


5,590 
6,448 
1,300 


20,068 


235 


25,893 


7,687 


11,110 


. 7,096 


25,893 


U.S.S.R 


5 11,030 
9,300 


«68 
600 


7 17,559 
11,200 


8,307 
7,800 


2,731 
2,200 


6,521 
1,200 


17,559 
11,200 


Total exporting countries 


13,338 

91 

7 

23 

24 

114 

76 

257 

455 

354 

94 

56 

75 

63 

135 

273 

89 

17 

158 

148 

2,585 

1,176 

93 

30 

215 

172 

9 

129 

38 


40,398 


903 


7 54,652 


23,794 


16,041 


14,817 


54,652 






347 
140 

68 

96 
302 

69 
1,145 
1,127 
986 
286 
406 
275 

64 
204 
778 
450 

66 

11 
777 
377 
3,131 
450 
177 
445 
294 

25 
132 
105 


438 

147 

214 

120 

416 

145 

1,402 

1,582 

1,348 

380 

462 

700 

127 

339 

1,051 

553 

83 

324 

925 

7,862 

4,307 

563 

207 

663 

601 

69 

361 

191 


375 

135 

186 

103 

300 

71 

1,150 

1,125 

1,025 

290 

350 

525 

68 

185 

812 

425 

63 

135 

775 

5,400 

3,500 

430 

180 

400 

480 

60 

225 

126 




63 

12 

26 

17 
112 

74 
246 
372 
323 

48 
112 
175 

56 
154 
239 
128 

20 
170 
150 
2,325 
801 
133 

27 
263 

90 

9 

130 

37 


438 


Chile 






147 


Other Western Hemisphere 


123 


2 


214 
120 


Belgium 




4 


416 




145 






6 

85 


1,402 


Italy 


"s 


1,582 
1 348 


42 


380 


Portugal 

Spain 




462 


350 




700 


3 


127 






339 








1,051 




14 




553 






83 




155 


19 

137' 

6 


324 
925 


Japan 


4,900 


7,862 
4,307 


20 


563 


Philippines 




207 


3 
135 
35 

100 

48 




663 




31 


601 


Ethiopia 

South Africa, Republic of 

Other Africa 


69 


6 

28 


361 
191 


Total "free world countries" 


6,956 


5,891 


12,733 


25,580 


18,899 


369 


6,312 


25,580 


Communist importing countries .... 


1,529 


6,895 


3,178 


11,602 


10,104 




1,498 


11,602 


Total importing countries 


8,485 


12,786 


15,911 


37,182 


29,003 


369 


7,810 


37,182 


Afloat 


400 






400 






400 


400 


World total 


22,223 


53,184 


16,814 


7 92,234 


52,797 


16,410 


23,027 


92,234 


Foreign Free World (all countries) . . 


12,546 


25,959 


12,968 


51,473 


26,586 


11,479 


13,408 


51,473 



See footnotes on page 71. 



COTTON AND OTHER FIBERS 



73 



Table 107. — Cotton: Estimated world stocks, by principal surplus and deficit 

countries, 1965-69 1 



Country 



Surplus countries: 

United States 4 ... 

Mexico 

EI Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Iran 

Pakistan 

Syria 

Turkey 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Peru 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Tanzania, Kenya, 
and Uganda. . . 

United Arab Re- 
public 

Sudan 

Others 5 

Total surplus 
countries .... 





Stocks on hand Aug. 


1 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 2 


1969 2 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bales 3 


bales 3 


bales 3 


bales 3 


bales 3 


14,291 


16,862 


12,533 


6,448 


6,521 


518 


378 


520 


575 


684 


98 


35 


35 


27 


84 


36 


7 


91 


92 


13 


31 


35 


53 


52 


87 


170 


295 


492 


550 


737 


51 


58 


36 


25 


66 


240 


180 


200 


235 


492 


590 


640 


470 


370 


519 


760 


1,070 


856 


1,456 


1,666 


400 


307 


315 


422 


391 


14 


17 


22 


22 


37 


91 


130 


79 


88 


160 


372 


375 


235 


244 


312 


434 


575 


725 


771 


908 


1,942 


2,130 


2,341 


1,961 


2,143 


20,038 


23,094 


19,003 


13,338 


14,820 



Country 



Deficit countries: 

Canada 

Belgium and Lux- 
embourg 

France 

Germany, West. . . 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Portugal 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom . . 

Yugoslavia 

Hong Kong 

India 

Japan 

Korea, Republic of 

Australia 

Others 6 

Total deficit 
countries 

Afloat 

World total 



Stocks on hand Aug. 1 



1965 1966 1967 



1,000 

bales 3 

92 

104 
257 
400 
262 
101 
115 
135 
51 
117 
306 
100 
139 
2,216 
820 
40 
67 
2,136 



7,458 



200 



27,696 



1,000 

bales 3 

126 

114 
252 
322 
293 

87 
105 
200 

46 
101 
260 

88 

130 

2,130 

698 

44 

90 
2,093 



7,179 



200 



30,473 



1,000 

bales 3 

120 

107 

289 

331 

378 

101 

62 

153 

53 

133 

197 

122 

138 

2,112 

1,013 

71 

84 

2,239 



7,703 



400 



27,106 



1,000 
bales 3 



114 

257 

455 

354 

94 

56 

75 

63 

135 

273 

89 

148 

2,585 

1,176 

93 

158 



8,485 



400 



22,223 



1,000 
bales* 



112 
246 
372 
323 
48 
112 
175 
56 
154 
239 
128 
150 

2,325 
801 
133 
170 

2,203 



7,810 



400 



23,030 



1 Estimates for Southern Hemisphere countries include unginned cotton. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 In bales of 480 pounds net except United States, which is in running bales. 

4 Running bales. 

5 Mostly U.S.S.R., Mozambique, and Nigeria. 

6 Mostly China and Eastern Europe. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. Data for 1957-64 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 109. 



Table 108. 



-Cotton, wool, silk, rayon, and other synthetic fibers: Consumption, total 
and per capita, United States, 1954-69 





Total 


Per capita 


Year 


Cotton 


Wooli 


Silk 2 


Rayon 
and 
ace- 
tate 3 


Other 
syn- 
thetic 
fibers 3 


Cotton 


Wool* 


Silk 2 


Rayon 
and 
ace- 
tate 3 


Other 
syn- 
thetic 
fibers 3 


1954 

1955 


Million 
pounds 
4,127.3 
4,382.4 
4,362.6 
4,060.4 
3,866.9 
4,334.5 
4,190.9 
4,081.5 
4,188.0 
4,040.2 
4,244.4 
4,477.5 
4,630.5 
4,423.0 
4,146.5 
3,925.6 


Million 
pounds 
384.1 
413.8 
440.8 
368.8 
331.1 
435.3 
411.0 
412.1 
429.1 
411.7 
356.7 
387.0 
370.2 
312.5 
329.7 
313.9 


Million 
pounds 
8.5 
11.0 
12.7 
8.3 
5.3 
8.0 
6.9 
6.7 
6.5 
6.4 
6.7 
5.8 
4.6 
2.8 
4.0 
2.5 


Million 
pounds 
1,175.1 
1,454.6 
1,224.8 
1,202.7 
1,162.4 
1,293.8 
1,081.7 
1,155.6 
1,291.2 
1,471.0 
1,555.8 
1,593.3 
1,623.2 
1,520.4 
1,710.8 
1,623.8 


Million 

pounds 

333.2 

447.8 

502.5 

589.8 

601.8 

770.9 

796.1 

905.1 

1,127.3 

1,316.8 

1,617.0 

2,027.3 

2,368.8 

2,716.2 

3,585.0 

3,912.7 


Pounds 
25.4 
26.5 
25.9 
23.7 
22.2 
24.5 
23.2 
22.2 
22.4 
21.3 
22.1 
23.0 
23.5 
22.2 
20.6 
19.3 


Pounds 
2.4 
2.5 
2.6 
2.2 
1.9 
2.5 
2.3 
2.2 
2.3 
2.2 
1.9 
2.0 
1.9 
1.6 
1.6 
1.5 


Pounds 

0.1 

.1 

.1 

( 4 ), 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 


Pounds 
7.2 
8.8 
7.3 
7.0 
6.7 
7.3 
6.0 
6.3 
6.9 
7.8 
8.1 
8.2 
8.2 
7.6 
8.5 
8.0 


Pounds 
2.1 
2 7 


1956 

1957 


3.0 
3 4 


1958 

1959 

1960 


3.5 
4.4 
4 4 


1961 


4 9 


1962 


6 


1963 

1964 


7.0 
8 4 


1965 

1966 


10.4 
12 


1967 

1968 5 

1969 5 


13.6 
17.8 
19.3 



1 Apparel and carpet wool, scoured basis. 

2 Imports for consumption. 

3 Domestic shipments plus imports for consumption. Includes producers' waste consumed by mills. 

4 Less than 0.05 pound. 

5 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data on manmade fibers from Textile Organon. Calendar year data divided by 
population on July 1, including Armed Forces overseas, to calculate per capita consumption. Data for 1929-53 
in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 110. 



74 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 109. — Rayon, raw silk, and cotton yarn: Price per pound; production, imports, 
exports, and consumption of rayon; imports of raw silk, United States, 1960-69 



Year 



1961.. 
1962.. 
1963.. 
1964.. 
1965.. 
1966.. 
1967.. 
1968 » 



Produc- 
tion 



Million 

pounds 

1,028.5 

1,095.2 

1,272.1 

1,348.8 

1.431.8 

1,527.0 

1,519.0 

1,388.1 

1,594.3 

1,576.2 



Rayon : 



Imports 
for 
con- 
sump- 
tion 



Million 

pounds 

61.6 

38.8 

53.5 

118.2 

119.7 
84.0 

118.5 
92.7 

139.6 
95.3 





Con- 


Exports 2 


sump- 




tion 3 


Million 


Million 


pounds 


pounds 


26.9 


1,081.7 


35.9 


1,155.6 


48.7 


1,291.2 


44.6 


1,471.0 


36.2 


1,555.8 


30.5 


1,593.3 


24.6 


1,623.2 


22.5 


1,520.4 


23.0 


1,710.8 


21.0 


1,623.8 



Price per pound 



Filament 
yarn 5 



Cents 
82.0 
82.0 
82.0 
82.0 
78.5 
79.5 
80.5 
81.0 
85.2 
89.4 



Staple 
fiber 6 



Cents 
29.9 
27.2 
27.0 
27.2 
28.0 
28.0 
28.0 
28.0 
28.0 
28.0 



Raw silk 



Imports 
for 
con- 
sump- 
tion 



Million 
pounds 



Price 

per 

pound ' 



Dollars 
4.60 
5.20 
6.03 
7.18 
5.72 
6.86 
8.14 

(10) 
(10) 
(10) 



Cotton 
yarn 



Price 

per 

pound* 



Cents 

73.3 

70.7 

71.7 

69.8 

67.9 

66.9 

9 69.6 

9 67.7 

9 71.1 

9 68.1 



1 Includes filament yarn and staple fiber. 

2 Producers' exports. 

3 Domestic shipments plus imports for consumption. Includes producers' waste consumed by mills. 

4 Wholesale prices f.o.b. producer plants. 

5 Viscose, 150 denier, 1st quality. 

6 Viscose, V/i denier. 

7 Japanese silk, white 20/22. 

8 Carded knitted 30/1 on cones or tubes. 

9 Estimated from Bureau of Labor Statistics seasonal indexes. 

10 Not available. 

11 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled as follows: Exports, imports, production, and consumption of rayon 
from the Textile Organon; prices from bulletins of the U.S. Department of Labor and the Textile Organon. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 111. 



Table 110.- 



Rayon and acetate: Production of filament yarn and staple fiber in 
selected countries and world total, 1959-68 



Year 



Filament yarn 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

Staple fiber: 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 







West- 




United 










Other 


United 


Canada 


ern 


Japan 


King- 


Italy 


France 


Nether- 


USSR 


coun- 


States 




Ger- 
many 




dom 






lands 




tries 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


pounds 


vounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


737.7 


46.8 


160.4 


255.9 


177.6 


163.1 


116.4 


69.6 


194.0 


487.5 


654.5 


43.0 


164.4 


314.7 


186.5 


179.6 


121.2 


76.0 


223.0 


530.6 


641.7 


39.8 


166.3 


311.2 


174.5 


184.8 


124.5 


75.0 


231.0 


552.9 


726.1 


45.6 


171.1 


301.1 


176.8 


193.7 


127.9 


71.4 


249.0 


586.0 


709.7 


49.5 


173.4 


293.6 


188.5 


196.1 


129.1 


73.9 


290.0 


610.7 


777.5 


53.2 


172.7 


298.8 


212.5 


201.3 


130.7 


83.4 


335.5 


662.3 


825.0 


58.6 


172.9 


306.9 


216.4 


188.6 


120.8 


86.3 


362.9 


690.6 


799.8 


49.0 


171.8 


311.0 


206.1 


192.4 


123.0 


82.9 


399.7 


701.8 


734.7 


42.0 


144.9 


320.6 


202.8 


199.4 


109.5 


72.8 


422.9 


723.9 


805.2 


46.1 


157.3 


313.6 


214.8 


201.8 


109.5 


78.9 


454.0 


741.0 


429.1 


38.9 


361.0 


590.1 


246.8 


179.7 


125.7 


30.8 


171.0 


954.9 


374.0 


32.3 


371.3 


638.4 


266.1 


176.5 


140.2 


32.6 


209.5 


1,014.7 


453.5 


33.9 


366.9 


664.9 


240.3 


197.5 


147.5 


32.9 


269.0 


1,022.1 


546.0 


42.3 


395.9 


634.9 


258.5 


224.9 


146.0 


30.5 


287.5 


1,099.6 


639.1 


47.4 


437.6 


716.2 


286.9 


245.0 


180.7 


37.3 


296.0 


1,143.3 


654.3 


54.4 


469.9 


763.6 


319.0 


269.3 


192.3 


41.3 


335.2 


1,218.5 


702.0 


55.7 


457.3 


775.4 


302.9 


223.4 


162.8 


42.1 


364.3 


1,244.6 


719.2 


51.6 


430.0 


790.5 


276.4 


205.4 


151.3 


40.9 


398.4 


1,269.2 


653.4 


54.2 


376.5 


809.7 


304.7 


201.1 


128.2 


21.7 


448.0 


1,341.1 


789.1 


55.3 


393.0 


766.1 


356.0 


209.2 


147.4 




480.7 


1,456.8 



World 



Million 
pounds 



2,409 

2,493 

2,501 

2,648.7 

2,714.5 

2,926.9 

3,029.0 

3,037.5 

2,973.5 

3,122.2 



3,128.0 
3,255.6 
3,428.5 
3,666.1 
4,029.5 
4,318.1 
4,330.5 
4,332.9 
4,338.6 
4,653.6 



Economic Research Service. 
tics, 1967, table 112. 



Compiled from the Textile Organon. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statis- 



FIBERS 



75 



Table 111. 



-Silk and vegetable fibers (except cotton): United States imports for 
consumption, by country of origin, 1968 and 1969 



Commodity imported and 
country of origin 


1968 


1 
1969 } 


Commodity imported and 
country of origin 


1968 


1969 l 


Raw silk: 2 


1,000 

pounds 

492 

848 

791 

54 

4 


1,000 

pounds 

282 

761 

798 

56 

9 


Crin vegetal: 


Tons 5 

104 

5 


Tons 5 
50 




Other 







Total 






109 


50 




Abaca or manila: 










19,173 



2,308 



125 

64 






2,189 


1,906 









72 




820 
944 


806 

432 

79 

66 

25 




19,439 













1,804 















75 


Other 


25 









Total 




Total 


1,789 


1,408 


21,670 


21,390 




Sisal and henequen: 






Tons 5 

1,714 

199 

20 

44 




Tons 5 

1,333 

132 

19 

54 




37,468 

6,609 

17,209 

52 

236 

1,234 

625 

191 

8,997 

526 

843 




20,781 




Haiti 


8,480 






15,002 






28 






196 






932 






179 




Angola and Portuguese Guinea 

Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda 


46 
7,089 




1,977 


1,538 




50 


Hemp, unmanufactured: 4 



20 
25 
63 





69 




649 




366 




Total 






73,990 


53,798 




Istle or tampico , unmanufactured: 






510 

72 




Total 6 


108 


69 


399 






1 


Sunn, unmanufactured: 


1,531 
173 


931 
250 


Total 6 




582 


400 




Coir, unmanufactured: 






74 

7 



2,930 

22 

117 

104 




Total 6 


1,704 


1,181 


483 






o 






470 

36,647 

8,211 

3,707 

735 




324 

24,161 

4,990 

3,505 

774 




67 






1,702 






50 






3 




Other 


56 




Total 






3,254 


2,361 




Other vegetable fibers: 7 




Total 


49,770 


33,754 


2,209 

49 

340 

6 

80 

16 

904 



128 

76 






2,929 
59 




14 
1,834 

15,788 



140 




653 

8,607 

20 

518 








77 






36 


Thailand 




230 






166 






561 






25 


Total 


17,776 


9,798 




143 






27 




Total 






3,808 


4,253 









1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes wild or tussah, and raw silk in skeins. 
s Silk waste, noils, and cocoons. 

4 Includes all classes; weight added without conversion to an equivalent fiber basis. 

5 Long tons of 2,240 pounds. 

6 Includes data for countries not shown. 

7 Includes broomroot fiber, rice straw and rice fiber, raffia, maguey or cantala, piassava, other palm and palm- 
type fibers, other unmanufactured fibers, and other crude straw and crude fibrous vegetable substances. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



76 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 112. — Silk and vegetable fibers (except cotton) : Imports for consumption, 

United States, 1960-69 





Silk 


Vegetable fibers, unmanufactured 


Year 


Rawi 


Waste 2 


Flax'* 


Hemp ' i 


Jute 

and jute 

butts 


Abaca 

or 
manila 3 


Sisal 

and 
hene- 
quen s 


Istle 

or 
tam- 
pico s 


Kapok 5 


Other 
fibers 55 


1960 


1,000 
pounds 
6,454 
5,867 
5,277 
4,406 
4,423 
3,639 
3,510 
2,506 
2,189 
1,906 


1,000 

pounds 

429 

824 

1,213 

1,988 

2,272 

2,665 

1,113 

294 

1,789 

1,408 


Tons 6 
2,140 
2,708 
2,541 
2,211 
2,193 
2,536 
2,609 
1,841 
1,977 
1,538 


Tons 6 
65 
61 

139 
34 
40 
64 
88 
59 

108 
69 


Tons 6 
54,599 
22,249 
77,864 
77,307 
72,972 
41,490 
51,058 
43,095 
49,770 
33,754 


Tons 6 
20,804 
28,055 
26,600 
28,026 
26,299 
34,736 
33,406 
27,459 
21,670 
21,390 


Tons 6 

95,979 
103,308 
108,339 
90,992 
82,551 
86,860 
78,369 
67,013 
73,990 
53,798 


Terns 6 

3,535 

276 

3,257 

6,963 

875 

1,260 

341 

495 

582 

400 


Tons 6 
9.450 
10,208 
11,629 
11,966 
13,004 
23,871 
12,984 
14,309 
17,776 
9,798 


Tons 6 
9 265 


1961 

1962 

1963 


4,973 
9,024 
4 679 


1964 

1965 

1966 


4,521 
3,376 
3 928 


1967 

1968 


4,948 
3 808 


1969 7 


4,253 



1 Includes wild or tussah, and raw silk in skeins. 

2 Silk waste, noils, and cocoons. 

5 Beginning 1963, not entirely comparable with preceding years because of change in schedule classification. 

4 Includes weights of all classes added without conversion to an equivalent fiber basis. 

5 Includes crin vegetal, New Zealand or phormium fiber, broornroot, rice straw and rice fiber, coir, and other 
unmanufactured vegetable fiber. 

6 Tons of 2,240 pounds. 

7 Estimated. 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 
1944-59 i n Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 113. 



Data for 



Table 113. — Jute and hard fibers: Imports for consumption in United States, prices 
at New York, and world production, 1960-69 





Jute 


Abaca 


Sisal and henequen 


Year 


Imports for 


Price per 




Price per 




Imports for 






consumption 


pound — raw 


World 


pound — raw 


World 


consumption 


World 




(raw) 


jute at 
New York l 


production 2 


abaca at 
New York 5 


production 


(raw) 


production 




Million 




Million 




Million 


Million 


Million 




pounds 


Cents 


pounds 


Cents 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1960 


122 


18.2 


3,625 


31.7 


234 


216 


1,704 


1961 


50 


23.2 


5,545 


29.5 


194 


231 


1,691 


1962 


174 


17.6 


5,052 


23.2 


222 


243 


1,776 


1963 


173 


15.6 


5,337 


22.7 


262 


204 


1,822 


1964 


163 


15.8 


5,119 


23.5 


247 


185 


1,915 


1965 


93 


17.4 


4,932 


23.1 


263 


195 


1,770 


1966 


114 


18.9 


5,374 


22.1 


239 


173 


1,815 


1967 


97 


17.8 


5,411 


21.5 


209 


150 


1,733 


1968 


111 


16.2 


4,323 


19.3 


180 


165 


1,627 


1969 *. . . . 


76 


17.8 


6,962 


20.3 


168 


120 


1,613 



1 Grade specifications changed from mill firsts to exports firsts, f .o.b. New York, February 1963. 

2 Does not include Communist China, Manchuria, and U.S.S.R. Excludes mesta. 
5 Price for raw abaca Davao Grade I. 

4 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Import data compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce; 
price data from reports of the U.S. Department of Labor. Production data prepared or estimated on the basis 
of official statistics of foreign governments, other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Atta- 
ches and Foreign Service Officers, results of office research, and related information. Data for 1944-59 in 
Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 115. 



SUGARBEETS 



77 



Table 114. — Sugarbeets: Acreage, yield, production, season average price per ton 
received by farmers, value, and products, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage 














Products 












Yield 
per har- 


Produc- 




Farm 




























Year 


Planted 


Har- 


vested 
acre 


tion 


Price 2 


value 


Sugar, 
refined 




Pulp 




Molasses 






vested 










basis s 


Molasses 


Dried 


Wet 






1,000 


1,000 




1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




acres 


acres 


Tons 


tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


gallons 


1954 


964 


876 


16.1 


14,082 


10.80 


152,151 


1,909 


355 


139 


1,823 


52,351 


1955 


798 


740 


16.5 


12,231 


11.16 


136,502 


1,625 


354 


• 108 


1,368 


52,061 


1956 


831 


785 


16.6 


12,995 


11.94 


155,109 


1,837 


428 


106 


1,378 


51,955 


1957 


916 


878 


17.7 


15,505 


11.22 


173,986 


2,045 


480 


138 


1,538 


63,121 


1958 


935 


891 


17.0 


15,150 


11.74 


177.807 


2,056 


484 


158 


1,372 


67,324 


1959 


955 


905 , 


18.8 


17,015 


11.24 


191,186 


2,187 


591 


148 


1,482 


76,920 


1960 


976 


957 


17.2 


16,421 


11.58 


190,109 


2,290 


613 


152 


1,298 


79,079 


1961 


1,129 


1,077 


16.4 


17,704 


11.16 


197,547 


2,247 


712 


131 


1,276 


98,211 


1962 


1,182 


1,103 


16.5 


18,250 


12.78 


233,194 


2,417 


676 


316 


1,141 


96,643 


1963 


1,285 


1,235 


18.9 


23,328 


12.22 


285,011 


2,893 


1,004 


183 


1,560 


124,602 


1964 


1,459 


1,395 


16.8 


23,389 


11.79 


275,660 


3,073 


1,114 


160 


1,769 


143,688 


1965 


1,314 


1,248 


16.8 


20,918 


11.95 


249,875 


2,705 


989 


178 


1,433 


116,589 


1966 


1,240 


1,161 


17.5 


20,342 


12.80 


260,355 


2,643 


933 


186 


1,390 


113,755 


1967 


1,197 


1,122 


17.1 


19,197 


13.55 


260,114 


2,464 


923 


188 


1,035 


99,826 


1968 


1,476 


1,410 


18.0 


25,363 


13.81 


350,207 


3,240 










1969 4 


1,650 


1,575 


18.1 


28,518 


12.90 


367,882 


3,533 





















1 Relates to year of harvest. Includes some acreage harvested the following spring. 

2 Prices do not include Government payments under the Sugar Act. 

3 Calculated on the basis that 1.07 tons of raw sugar is required to produce one ton of refined sugar. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 116. 



Table 115.- 



-Sugarbeets: Acreage, production and season average price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 



Ohio 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

North Dakota . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

Arizona 

Utah 

Washington 

Oregon 

Calif ornia s 

Other States. . . . 

United States 4 



Acreage planted 



Acres 

26,900 

79,300 

129,800 
79,000 
69,300 
25,000 
32,400 
59,500 

157,800 
53,500 

135,800 
13,200 
25,900 
49,800 
20,200 

219,700 
20,100 



1,197,200 



Acres 

36,500 

91,200 

163,700 
88,300 
75,800 
41,200 
40,000 
67,500 

196,300 
64,500 

179,200 
19,600 
30,300 
61,200 
22,300 

263,700 
34, 



1,476,100 



1969 



Acres 

40,000 

93,500 

165,500 
95,800 
92 

49! 500 
49,700 
68,900 

207, 
68,700 

204,900 
33,600 
35,200 
66,500 
25,200 

320,000 
32,900 



1,650,300 



Acreage harvested 



1967 1968 1969 



Acres 

25,000 

72,000 

126,700 
78,300 
62,900 
23,100 
29,800 
57,100 

146,900 
51,200 

127,600 
11,600 
25,300 
47,700 
19,500 

200,800 
16,600 



1,122,100 



Acres 

36,000 

90,000 

161,400 

87,200 

71,800 

39,100 

37,900 

65,700 

182,300 

•62,100 

168,200 

16,900 

29,300 

54,900 

22,000 

254,200 

31,100 



Acres 

38,800 

92,600 

164,300 
95,300 
88,000 
48,300 
46,600 
67,500 

186,900 
67,700 

193,700 
30, 
32,300 
64,600 
23,300 

305,500 
29,000 



1,410,100 1,575,200 19,197 



Production 



1967 1968 



1,000 

tons 
467 

1,256 

1,422 
848 
853 
417 
663 

1,007 

2,912 
849 

2,105 
188 
458 

1,052 



22V) 



1,000 
tons 

684 
1,708 
2,177 
1,125 
1,222 

597 

824 
1,034 
3,288 
1,003 
2,611 

338 

495 
1,383 

523 
6,081 

270 



25,363 



1,000 
tons 

660 
1,500 
2,366 
1,363 
1,707 

850 
1,035 
1,215 
3,383 
1,232 
3,428 

557 

539 
1,628 

552 
6,110 

393 



28,518 



Price 2 for crop of- 



1967 1968 



Dol- 
lars 
12.70 
13.00 
14.50 
14.40 
14.40 
14.10 
12.20 
14.30 
13.30 
14.60 
14.10 
11.40 
13,20 
13.70 
12.30 
13.00 
13.90 



13.55 



Dol- 
lars 
12.90 
10.70 
13.00 
13.20 
15.40 
13.70 
12.70 
15.00 
14.40 
15.40 
14.90 
12.20 
15.00 
14.20 
13.30 
13.70 
14.20 



13.81 



Dol- 
lars 



12.90 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Does not include Government payments under the Sugar Act. See table 120. 

3 Relates to year of harvest. Includes some acreage harvested the following spring. 

4 U.S. total rounded to hundreds for acreage. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



78 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 116. — Sugarbeet seed: Acreage, yield, production, average price per pound 
received by farmers, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 





Acreage 


Yield 

per acre 


duction 


Average 

price 
per pound 

received 
by farmers 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade 


Year 


harvested 


Import- 


Exports l 


1954 


Acres 
3,489 
3,801 
3,334 
3,619 
4,381 
4,157 
4,078 
3,481 
3,174 
3,372 
5,021 
3.296 
4,741 
3,503 
3,100 
5,550 


Pounds 
3,166 
3,004 
2.648 
2,613 
2,507 
2.689 
3.054 
2,745 
2,943 
2,801 
2,661 
2,333 
2,932 
2,438 
2,244 
2,548 


100-pound 
bags 
110,462 
114,187 
88,279 
94,547 
109,832 
111,788 
124,545 


Cents 
14.39 
14.21 
14.13 
14.27 
15.89 
16.22 
17 13 


1,000 

dollars 
1,591 
1,622 
1,247 
1.349 
1,745 
1,813 
2,134 
1,653 
1,342 
1,700 
2,376 
1,693 
2,549 
1,570 
1,299 
2.612 


100-pound 

boos 

300 

33 

62 

17 









3 

20 

226 

1,510 

860 

330 

1,270 

1,590 


100-pound 
bags 
4- 732 


1955 

1956 

1957 


2,531 
149 
453 


1958 


1 393 


1959 

1960 


6,378 
2 491 


1961 

1962 

1963 


95.541 j 17.30 
93.416 i 17.58 
94,447 


5,861 
842 
243 


1964 

1965 

1966 


133,614 
93,363 

139,020 
85,412 
69,553 

141,427 


17.78 
18.13 
18.34 
18.38 
18.68 
18.47 


406 


1967 




1968 




1969 









1 Beginning 1965, not maintained as a separate commodity by the Census Bureau. 

Agricultural Research Service. Data on domestic production compiled from reports furnished by beet sugar 
companies and their subsidiaries engaged in sugarbeet seed production. Data on foreign trade from the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 118. 



Table 117. — Sugarbeet seed: x^creage, yield, and production, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 




1967 


1968 


1969 


1967 


1968 


1969 


1967 


1968 


1969 


Arizona 

Oregon 

Utah 


Acres 
1.265 
2,066 
172 


Acres 
1,367 
1,564 
169 


-4cres 
1,974 
3.302 
274 


Pounds 
2,405 
2,347 
3,773 


Pounds 
3,040 
1,421 
3,420 


Pounds 
2,737 
2,442 
2,469 


100-pound 

bags 

30,427 

48,496 

6,489 


100-pound 

bags 

41,550 

22,223 

5,780 


100-pound 

bags 

54,017 

80,645 

6,765 


Ali States 


3,503 


3,100 


5,550 


2,438 


2,244 


2,548 


85,412 


69,553 


= 141.427 







1 Commercial seed production from fall plantings overwintered in the field. 

: Includes 340 bags of multigerm seed produced on 12 acres, which amounted to only 0.24 percent of total 
production. Monogerm seed amounted to 99.76 percent of total production. 

Agricultural Besearch Service. Compiled from reports furnished by beet sugar companies and their sub- 
sidiaries engaged in sugarbeet seed production. 



SUGARBEETS 



79 



Table 118. — Sugarbeets: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries, aver- 
age 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 2 




Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 » 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 l 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 » 


North America: 
Canada 


1,000 
acres 

90 
1,153 


1,000 
acres 

80 
1,410 


1,000 

acres 

80 

1,575 


Tons 
13.1 

17.2 


Tons 
13.6 
18.0 


Tons 
12.6 

18.1 


1,000 

tons 

1,181 
19,819 


1,000 

Ions 

1,088 
25,363 


1,000 

tons 

1,008 
28,518 






Total 


1,243 


1,490 


1,655 


16.9 


17.7 


17.8 


•21,000 


26,451 


29.526 


South America: 

Chile 

Uruguay 


35 

31 


69 
44 


86 
22 


17.0 
10.5 


17.6 
12.0 


15.1 
11.1 


596 
327 


1,212 

527 


1,295 
245 


Total 


66 


113 


108 


14.0 


15.4 


14.3 


923 


1,739 


1,540 


Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium 

Denmark 

Finland 


108 
151 
142 

44 
956 
734 

78 
573 
200 
357 
114 

15 
431 


109 
222 
129 

37 
912 
745 

64 
756 
256 
420 
101 

22 
469 


114 
222 
128 

35 
823 
754 

60 
726 
25q 
479 

98 

23 
457 


17.9 
19.3 
16.9 
10.5 
16.4 
17.3 
13.0 
14.5 
20.3 
11.1 
15.8 
18.8 
15.6 


19.6 
20.4 
18.5 
14.9 
19.4 
20.6 
18.4 
16.7 
22.1 
11.4 
21.7 
21.6 
16.7 


19.4 
22.3 
18.7 
8.6 
21.4 
19.7 
16.5 
15.5 
22.1 
11.7 
17.8 
20.8 
15.9 


1,936 

2,907 

2,400 

460 

15,723 

12,693 

1,016 

8,304 

4,051 

3,950 

1,797 

282 

6,706 


2,134 

4,528 
2,390 
425 
17,649 
15,377 
1,176 
12,632 
5,651 
4,782 
2.191 
476 
7,847 


2,217 
4,960 
2,397 
300 
17,637 


Germany, West 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 


14,881 
990 

11,243 
5,622 
5,622 


Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 


1,742 

479 

7,280 


Total Western Europe .... 


3,903 


4,242 


4,173 


15.9 


18.2 


18.1 


62,225 


77,258 


75,370 


Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 


175 
620 
560 
316 
1,020 
442 
205 


133 
464 
504 
258 
1,023 
457 
195 


141 
442 
477 
242 
1,013 
469 
235 


9.4 
13.0 
11.3 

10.7 
11.9 

7.2 
12.2 


11.5- 
19.2 
15.3 
14.8 
15.9 
9.5 
16.4 


15.0 
15.0 
10.5 
15.9 
12.3 
8.9 
17.5 


1,643 
8,061 
6,315 
3,387 
12,153 
3,187 
2,511 


1,525 

8,928 
7,714 
3,826 
16,314 
4,339 
3,208 


2,116 
6,649 
4,993 


Hungary 

Poland 


3,841 
12,456 


Romania 

Yugoslavia 


4,189 
4,112 


Total Eastern Europe 


3,338 


3,034 


3,019 


11.2 


15.1 


12.7 


37,257 


45,852 


38,356 




7,241 


7,276 


7,192 


13.7 


16.9 


15.8 


99,482 


123,110 


113,726 






U.S.S.R 


8,495 


8,797 


8,401 


7.2 


11.8 


9.3 


61,208 


103,991 


78,263 


Asia: 

Japan 

Turkey 


116 
388 


133 
309 


146 
250 


10.8 
10.2 


17.2 
18.8 


15.7 
15.7 


1,248 
3,964 


2,284 
5,198 


2,296 
3,930 






Total 


504 


442 


396 


10.3 


16.9 


15.7 


5,212 


7,482 


6,226 








17,549 


18,118 


17,752 


10.7 


14.5 


12.9 


187,825 


262,773 


229,281 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Quantity processed. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of office 
research, and related information. 



80 



COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 119. — Sugarbeets and sugarcane for sugar: Season average price received by 
farmers and Sugar Act payments, per ton, in continental United States, 1960-69 x 



Crop year 





Sugarbeets 




o 
B 


ugarcane for sugar 


Prices 


Sugar Act 




Prices 


Sugar Act 




received by 


pavments 


Total 


received by 


payments 


Total 


farmers 






farmers 






Dollars 


Dollars 


DoUars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


11.58 


2.31 


13.89 


7.41 


1.13 


8.54 


11.16 


2.26 


13.42 


7.71 


1.19 


8.90 


12.78 


2.25 


15.03 


8.40 


1.11 


9.51 


12.22 


2.20 


14.42 


10.20 


1.15 


11.35 


11.79 


2.20 


13.99 


6.93 


1.01 


7.84 


11.95 


2.18 


14.13 


7.90 


1.12 


9.02 


12.80 


2.16 


14.96 


8.49 


1.11 


9.60 


13.55 


2.17 


15.72 


9.38 


1.16 


10.54 


13.81 


2.16 


15.97 


9.29 


1.16 


10.45 


13.30 


2.17 


15.47 


9.96 


1.18 


11.14 



1960 
1961 
1963 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 



1 Payments with respect to crop deficiency and acreage abandonment are not included; see table 741 for these 
data. 

' Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 121. 



Table 120. — Sugarbeets and sugarcane for sugar: Season average price received by 
farmers, and Sugar Act payments, per ton, by States, 1967 and 1968 * 







1967 






1968 




Commodity and State 


Prices 
received by 

farmers 


Sugar Act 

payments 


Total 


Prices 

received by 

farmers 


Sugar Act 
payments 


Total 


SUGARBEETS 


DoUars 
16.00 
14.00 
12.70 
11.30 
13.00 
14.50 
14.70 
14.40 
14.40 
14.10 
12.20 
14.30 
13.30 
14.60 
14.10 
12.00 
11.40 
13.20 
13.70 
12.30 
13.00 

10.00 
8.86 


DoUars 
2.16 
2.14 
2.34 
2.11 
2.22 
2.23 
2.16 
2.29 
2.31 
2.09 
1.93 
2.35 
2.23 
2.36 
2.25 
2.06 
2.06 
2.27 
2.20 
2.17 
1.91 

1.01 
1.28 


DoUars 
18.16 
16.14 
15.04 
13.41 
15.22 
16.73 
16.86 
16.69 
16.71 
16.19 
14.13 
16.65 
15.53 
16.96 
16.35 
14.06 
13.46 
15.47 
15.90 
14.47 
14.91 

11.01 
10.14 


DoUars 
16.10 
13.00 
12.90 


DoUars 
1.72 
2.23 
2.31 


DoUars 
17.82 


New York 


15.23 


Ohio 


15.21 






Michigan 


10.70 
13.00 
12.90 
13.20 
15.40 
13.70 
12.70 
15.00 
14.40 
15.40 
14.90 
12.70 
12.20 
15.00 
14.20 
13.30 
13.70 

9.64 
9.03 


2.22 
2.25 
2.16 
2.30 
2.40 
2.06 
2.01 
2.33 
2.22 
2.39 
2.31 
2.03 
2.02 
2.28 
2.18 
2.12 
1.88 

.96 
1.30 


12.92 




15.25 




15.06 


North Dakota 


15.50 




17.80 




15.76 


Texas 


14.71 




17.33 




16.62 




17.79 




17.21 




14.73 




14.22 


Utah 


17.28 




16.38 




15.42 


California 

SUGARCANE FOR SUGAR 

Florida 


15.58 

10.60 
10.33 







1 Payments with respect to crop deficiency and acreage abandonment are not included: see table 741 for these 
data. 



Statistical Reporting Service. 



SUGARCANE 



81 



Table 121. — Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acreage, yield, production, value, and 
production of cane sugar and molasses, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage harvested 


Yield of cane per 


acre 2 


Production 


Year 2 


For 
sugar 


For seed 


Total 


For 
sugar 


For seed 


For 

sugar 

and seed 


For 
sugar 


For seed 


Total 


1954 


1,000 

acres 
393.1 
373.0 
341.1 
365.3 
337.5 
406.8 
407.5 
441.4 
477.2 
542.8 
655.9 
583.3 
590.2 
596.2 
577.3 
501.2 


1,000 

acres 
19.7 
17.1 
19.1 
18.0 
21.4 
26.0 
29.1 
29.7 
35.9 
33.8 
27.7 
33.7 
35.0 
31.4 
28.5 
30.8 


1,000 

acres 
412.8 
390.1 
360.2 
383.3 
358.9 
432.8 
436.6 
471.1 
513.1 
576.6 
683.6 
617.0 
625.2 
627.6 
605.8 
532.0 


Tons 
41.5 
44.7 
46.7 
43.2 
40.7 
40.0 
38.7 
42.5 
40.2 
42.4 
37.1 
39.1 
• 40.0 
43.1 
41.6 
43.4 


Tons 
23.1 
25.0 
24.6 
23.1 
23.3 
23.3 
24.7 
28.9 
24.0 
31.2 
26.6 
26.1 
26.4 
30.3 
28.1 
28.1 


Tons 
40.6 
43.9 
45.5 
42.3 
39.7 
39.0 
37.7 
41.6 
39.1 
41.8 
36.6 
38.4 
39.2 
42.5 
41.0 
42.5 


1,000 
tons 
16,315 
16,689 
15,924 
15,782 
13,735 
16,260 
15,750 
18,749 
19,178 
23,034 
24,317 
22,785 
23,590 
25,699 
24,025 
21,728 


1,000 

tons 
456 
427 
469 
416 
499 
605 
718 
858 
860 
1,053 
736 
878 
925 
952 
800 
864 


1,000 
tons 
16,771 


1955 


17,116 


1956 


16,393 


1957 


16,198 


1958 


14,234 


1959. . . 


16,865 


1960 


16,468 


1961 


19,607 


1962 


20,038 


1963 


24,087 


1964 


25,053 


1965. . . 


23,663 


1966 


24,515 


1967 . 


26,651 


1968 

1969 s 


24,825 
22,592 





Season 
average 
price per 
ton re- 
ceived by 
farmers 4 


Farm value 


Sugar production 


Molasses made 


Year 2 


Of cane 

used for 

sugar 


Of cane 
used for 

sugar 
and seed 


Raw value 5 


Refined 

basis 6 


Black- 
strap 
(80° Brix) 


Edible 






Total 


Per ton 
of cane 


Total 7 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 


DoUars 
6.95 
6.51 
8.04 
6.90 
7.48 
7.13 
7.41 
7.71 
8.40 
10.20 
6.83 
7.90 
8.49 
9.38 
9.34 
9.67 


1,000 
doUars 
47,846 
44,382 
48,324 
43,732 
46,223 
48,821 
52,919 
70,549 
78,623 
132,975 
94,460 
95,155 
107,199 
137,414 
119,006 
105,962 


1,000 
doUars 
50,935 
47,108 
52,052 
46,558 
49,910 
52,138 
57,160 
75,980 
84,350 
142,092 
98,015 
100,516 
113,410 
144,438 
124,755 
112,598 


1,000 
tons 
1,687 
1,714 
1,661 
1,617 
1,344 
1,591 
1,566 
1,950 
1,972 
2,284 
2,326 
2,322 
2,448 
2,648 
2,447 
2,265 


Pounds 
207 
205 
209 
205 
196 
196 
199 
208 
206 
198 
191 
204 
208 
206 
204 
208 


1,000 

tons 
1,577 
1,602 
1,553 
1,511 
1,256 
1,487 
1,464 
1,822 
1,843 
2,134 
2,174 
2,170 
2,287 
2,475 
2,286 
2,118 


1,000 
gaUons 
98,658 
99,974 
92,931 
94,465 
92,833 
99,391 
97,694 
116,498 
122,594 
145,249 
160,967 
143,111 
142,724 
158,627 
150,057 


1,000 
gaUons 
2,820 
3,193 
2,384 
2,553 
3,084 
2,714 
3,379 
3,075 
2,772 
2,685 
2,648 
2,563 
2,477 
2,466 
2,532 


1,000 
gaUons 
101,478 
103,167 
95,315 
97,018 


1958 

1959 

1960 


95,917 
102,105 
101,073 


1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


119,573 
125,366 
147,934 
163,615 
145,674 


1966. . 


145,201 


1967 

1968 


161,093 
152,589 


1969 s 


135,140 











1 Includes Hawaii for acres harvested, yield per acre, and production of sugarcane for sugar and sugar produc- 
tion; includes molasses production for Hawaii. Also includes Hawaii from 1959 to date for acres harvested, 
yield, and production of sugarcane for seed. Price and value not available for Hawaii. 

2 The growth of 9 months in Louisiana, 12 months in Florida, and 18-24 months in Hawaii. Sugarcane har- 
vest usually ends by December or early January in Louisiana; in Florida, by March following the season of 
growth; and in Hawaii, the harvest takes place throughout the year. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Prices do not include Government payments under the Sugar Act. 

5 Raw value is the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar as denned in the Sugar Act of 1948. 

6 Calculated on the basis that 100 pounds of raw sugar is required to produce 93.46 pounds of refined sugar. 

7 Sirup production not included. See table 136. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Of the total sugar produced in Louisiana about 25 percent consists of direct 
consumption sugar, marketed "as made" without further refining. Data for 1949-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 
1967, table 123. 



82 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 122. — Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acreage, yield, production, season aver- 
age price per ton received by farmers, and production of cane sugar and molasses, 

by States, 1967-69 





Sugarcane for sugar and seed 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield of cane per acre 2 


Cane production 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 1969 ! 

. 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 J 


1967 


1968 


1969 * 


For sugar: 

Florida 

Louisiana 


1,000 
acres 

190.6 
293.8 
111.8 


1,000 
acres 

181.4 
282.4 
113.5 


1,000 
acres 

153.4 

236.0 
111.8 


Tons 

34.3 
27.6 
98.8 


Tons 

29.6 
26.1 
99.4 


Tons 

33.0 
25.0 
96.3 


1,000 
ions 

6,542 
8,111 
11,046 


1,000 
tons 

5,368 
7,377 
11,280 


1,000 
tons 

5.062 
5,900 
10,766 


Dollars 

10.02 
8.86 


Dollars 

9.76 
9.03 


Dollars 

10.00 
9.38 










United States. . 


596.2 


577.3 


501.2 


43.1 


41.6 


43.4 


25,699 24,025 

I 


21,728 
















For seed: 
Florida 


5.7 

20.7 

5.0 


5.7 
17.4 
5.4 


6.6 

19.0 
5.2 


34.3 

27.6 
37.0 


29.6 
26.1 
32.8 


33.0 
25.0 
32.9 


196 
571 

185 


169 
454 

177 


218 
475 
171 








Louisiana 








Hawaii 
















United States . . 


31.4 


28.5 


30.8 


30.3 


28.1 


28.1 


952 


800 


864 
















For sugar and 
seed: 
Florida 


196.3 
314.5 
116.8 


187.1 
299.8 
118.9 


160.0 
255.0 
117.0 


34.3 

27.6 
96.2 


29.6 
26.1 
96.4 


33.0 
25.0 
93.5 


6,738 
8,682 
11,231 


5,537 

7,831 
11,457 


5,280 
6,375 
10,937 


































627.6 


605.8 


532.0 


42.5 


41.0 


42.5 


26,651 


24,825 


22,592 


















Products cf cane harvested for sugar 


State 


Suga 


r per ton of cane 
[raw value 4 ) 


Sugar produced 
(raw value 4 ) 


Equivalent 
refined 5 


Molasses 6 




1967 


1968 


1969 x 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


Florida 

Louisiana 

Hawaii 


Pounds 
219 
182 
216 


Pounds 
203 
181 
218 


Pounds 
213 
183 
220 


1,000 

tons 

717 

740 

1,191 


1,000 
tons 
546 
669 

1,232 


1,000 
tons 
540 
540 

1,185 


1,000 

tons 

670 

692 

1,113 


1,000 
ions 
510 
625 

1,151 


1,000 
tons 
505 
505 

1,108 


1,000 
gallons 
42,547 
57,125 
61,419 


1,000 
gallons 
36,501 
53,152 
62,936 


1,000 
ga Uons 
34,500 
42,500 
58,140 


United States .... 


206 


204 


208 


2,548 


2,447 


2,265 


2,475 


2,286 


2,118 


161,091 


152,589 


135,140 



1 Preliminary. 

2 The growth of 9 months in Louisiana, 12 months in Florida, and 18-24 months in Hawaii. Sugar campaign 
usually ends by December or early January in Louisiana; in Florida, by March following the season of growth: 
and in Hawaii, the harvest takes place throughout the year. Yield of cane for sugar used in computing pro- 
duction for seed in Florida and Louisiana. 

3 Does not include Government payments under the Sugar Act. See table 120. 

4 Raw value is the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar as denned in the Sugar Act of 1948. 

5 Calculated on the basis that 100 pounds of raw sugar is required to produce 93.46 pounds of refined sugar. 

6 Blackstrap (80° Brix), high-test molasses from frozen cane, and edible molasses. 

Statistic ai Reporting Service. 



SUGAR, SUGARCANE, AND MOLASSES 



83 



Table 123. — Sugar, cane and beet: Production, United States and Republic of the 

Philippines, 1954-69 





United States 






Beet sugar 

(raw value 2 ) , 

continental 

United 

States 




Cane sugar 


(raw value 2 ) 




Total 
cane and 
beet sugar 


Republic 
of the 
Philip- 




Continental 
United 
States 


Puerto 
Rico 


Hawaii 


Virgin 
Islands 


pines, 
cane sugar l 


1954 

1955 

1956 


1,000 

tons 
2,043 
1,739 
1,966 
2,188 
2,200 
2,340 
2,450 
2,404 
2,586 
3,096 
3,288 
2,894 
2,828 
2,636 
3,467 
3,350 


1,000 
tons 

610 

572 

557 

531 

578 

615 

830 

858 

852 

1,183 

1,147 

1,104 

1,214 

1,457 

1,209 

1,067 


1,000 

tons 

1,204 

1,166 

1,152 

990 

934 

1,087 

1,019 

1,110 

1,009 

989 

989 

897 

883 

818 

645 

483 


1,000 

tons 

1,077 

1,140 

1,100 

1,085 

765 

975 

936 

1,092 

1,120 

1,101 

1,179 

1,218 

1,234 

1,191 

1,232 

1,182 


1,000 
tons 

10 
10 
13 
15 

6 
12 

7 
17 
11 
16 
16 

4 

5 


1,000 
tons 
4,944 
4,627 
4,788 
4,809 
4,483 
5,029 
5,042 
5,481 
5,578 
6,385 
6,619 
6,117 
6,164 
6,102 
6,553 
6,082 


1,000 

tons 
1,434 
1,372 
1,219 


1957 

1958 


1,143 
1,378 


1959 


1,512 


1960 

1961 


1,529 
1,451 


1962 

1963 

1964 


1,618 
1,714 
1,856 


1965 

1966 

1967 


1,767 
1,590 
1,718 


1968 




1,759 


1969 4 




1.755 









1 Crop year generally coincides with the calendar year except that small proportions of continental U.S. beet 
and cane sugar are processed early in the following year and that the Philippine crop year starts in October of 
the preceding year. 

2 Raw value is the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar, as denned in the Sugar Act of 1948. 

3 Raw sugar, as made. 

4 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 
table 125. 



Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



Table 124. — Sugarcane, sugar, and molasses: Acreage, yield, and production, Puerto 

Rico, 1954-69 



Year 1 


Acreage in cane 


Sugarcane harvested 


Sugar produced 
(raw value 3 ) 


Blackstrap 




Grown 2 


Harvested 


Yield 
per acre 


Total 


Total 


Per ton of 

sugarcane 


produced 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 


1,000 

acres 
424 
439 
407 
389 
387 
383 
372 
362 
343 
338 
329 


1,000 

acres 
367 
361 
353 
361 
328 
345 
328 
328 
309 
303 
303 
288 
273 
263 
237 
180 


Tons 
29.6 
27.3 
29.2 
24.1 
27.7 
29.5 
30.5 
32.8 
31.3 
33.4 
32.3 
30.6 
34.7 
31.0 
27.8 
32.7 


1,000 

tons 

10,880 

9,873 

10,306 

8,709 

9,067 

10,182 

10,001 

10,754 

9,663 

10,123 

9,802 

8,807 

9,465 

8,160 

6,590 

5,897 


1,000 

tons 

1,204 

1,166 

1,152 

990 

934 

1,087 

1,019 

1,100 

1,009 

989 

989 

897 

883 

818 

645 

483 


Pounds 
221 
236 
224 
227 
206 
214 
204 
206 
209 
195 
202 
204 
187 
200 
196 
164 


1,000 

gallons 
61,585 
56,279 
56,900 
52,566 
56,915 
60,961 
58,631 


1961 

1962 

1963 


62,610 
56,204 
61,548 


1964 


64.563 


1965 


57,278 


1966 




60,846 


1967 




52,099 


1968 




43,977 


1969 




41,459 









1 Grinding generally begins in January ; December grindings are included in the following year, 
third of the crop is 18 months' growth; two-thirds is 12 months' growth. 

2 Beginning 1965, data not reported. 

3 Raw value is the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar, as defined in the Sugar Act of 1948. 



About one- 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 
tabie 126. 



Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



84 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 125. — Sugarcane, sugar, and molasses: Acreage, yield, and production in 

Republic of the Philippines, 1954-69 



:ugar produced 



Crop 

year 1 



Acreage 



Production for 
centrifugal sugar 



19.54 
1955 
1956 
1957 
1955 
1959 
1960 
1961 
15^2 
1963 
19-5-4 
1965 
1966 
1967 



Total' 



Harvested 
for centrif- 
ugal sugar 



1,000 
acres 



595 
580 
599 
623 
597 
584 
592 
640 
760 
870 
790 
769 
810 
810 
890 



1.000 
acres 
528 



4^5 
484 
554 
525 
535 



722 
809 
735 



75- 
756 



Yield per 



23.71 
23.23 
22.39 
25.30 
27.82 
27.29 
24.64 
2: '4 
26.99 
24.13 
19.38 
19.92 
21 58 
20.52 
2. 33 



Centrifugal 
as made 



Total * 



1,000 

tons 
12,516 
10.571 
9,941 
11,712 
13,467 
13,754 
12,941 

\i.y.~: 

15,685 
17,421 
15,680 

14.54: 

15,277 
15,512 

15,750 
17,080 



Muscovado 

and 

panocha 



Certtritugti 

sugar made 

per :-::. 



Mtiasses 



1,000 

tons 
1,372 
1,219 
1,143 
1,378 
1.512 
1,529 
1,563 
1,618 
1,714 

: . iy, 

1,717 

1.595 
1,718 
1,759 
1,755 
1,900 



1,000 
tons 







1,000 




Po\rii 


gallons 


58 


219 


62,421 


:■■.' 


224 


4".:5'5 


73 


230 


41,812 


75 


235 


-5. 091 


75 


225 


68,184 


64 


222 


-..^ol 


7'.' 


241 


63,194 


41 


226 


57. .547 


5£ 


219 


83,553 


52 


213 


101,480 


62 


219 


113,882 


-,i 


217 


79,042 


:2 


225 


83,057 


63 


227 


94,192 


68 


223 


103,019 


70 


222 


110,511 



1 Harvesting begins in October, the length of the growing season being about 11 months, 

2 Total harvested acreage includes acreage for both centrifugal and noncentrifugal sugar. 

3 Cane production divided by harvested acreage. 

4 Cane production is reported. 

5 As reported from_1954 to 1957; other years computed. 
- Preliminary- . 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. Data for 1945-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 127. 



Table 126. — Sugar, cane and beet (raw value) : Production, stocks, trade, and supply 
available for consumption in continental United States, 1954—69 





Pr:C':> 
tion 


Vis::'.- 

5.er.:-r.:.t; 
cf period 


Receipts from — 


Com- 
mercial 

exi tns 
and 
ship- 

-er.ts '- 


Deiar:- 
ment of 
Agricul- 
ture net 
purchases 
for 
export 


Domestic disappearance 


Year 


Foreign 
si ~:et 


Terri- 

r tries 


Live- 
-.--■:£. 

feed i-t: 
alcohol 


Miittary 

and 
civilian 

use 


Per 
:it::i 

•--iunt- 

tion 
(refined) 3 


1954 


1,000 
tons 

2,611 
2,387 
2,511 

2.5:5 
2,815 
2,822 
4,512 
4.25 ; 
4,399 
4.5-, 
5,587 
5,371 
5,288 
5,297 
5,628 
5.4*0 


1,000 
tons 

1,539 
1,930 
2,010 
1,905 

1.555 
1,878 
2,083 
2,449 
2,319 
2.377 
2,633 
2.867 
2,857 
2.755 
2,959 
3.555 


1,000 
tons 

3,799 

4.527 
4.256 
4,277 
4.591 
4.5-4 
4 . 5 ; o 
4,407 
4.5-2 
4,594 
3,633 
4,028 
4,495 
4.554 
5,131 
4 "-' 


1,000 

tons 

2,096 

2,155 

2,249 

1.94- 

1,459 

1,947 

903 

996 

915 

891 

809 

834 

717 

705 


1,000 

tons 
20 
37 
44 
30 
60 
57 
46 
55 
66 
30 
21 
89 
65 
72 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
tons 

9 

19 
19 

7 
33 
34 
24 
32 
31 

7 
14 
41 
79 
199 
82 


1,000 
tons 
8,302 

5.515 
5,5 53 

5.-: ; 

9,017 

9,135 

9,434 

9.612 

9,709 

9,791 

9,917 

15.555 

10,258 

10,338 

10.739 


F :■- - i-i 
95.6 


1955 . 


8 
100 


96.3 


1956... 


97.8 


1957 


95.0 


1958 




96.8 


1959. . 




96.4 


1960. . 




97.6 


1961 




97.7 


1962 . 




97.2 


1963 . 




96.6 


1964 . 




96.5 


1965 




96.4 


1966 




97.4 


1967 . 




97.1 


1968... 


504 i 79 
342 82 




99.8 


1969 5 




67 10,835 99.7 




1 







1 Includes sugar used in manufacture of other commodities. 

2 Adjusted for changes in in -visible stocks (estimated) held by manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers. 

3 Preliminary. 



Economic Research Service and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 
Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 128. 



Data for 1944-53 in 



SUGAR 



85 



Table 127. — Sugar: Production in specified countries, average 1960-64, annual 1968 

and 1969 x 



Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 2 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 2 


CENTRIFUGAL SUGAR 

(raw value) 3 
North America (cane): 


1,000 

tons 

155 

1,899 

2,774 

934 
1,122 

999 
12 
33 
91 
79 

137 
29 
97 
42 
5,596 

852 

24 



200 

165 
70 

524 
85 
47 

258 


1,000 

tons 

149 

2,220 

3,510 

1,214 

1,180 

483 



58 

144 

120 

200 

65 

138 

86 

5,200 

920 



15 

156 

164 

60 

432 

35 

39 

265 


1,000 
tons 

139 
2,300 

3,500 

1,100 

1,235 

575 



50 

150 

132 

200 

62 

161 

90 

8,000 

950 

11 

25 

207 

198 

65 

476 

42 

45 

269 


CENTRIFUGAL SUGAR 

(raw value) 3 — Continued 

Africa (cane): 


1,000 

tons 

67 

401 

38 

41 

51 

128 

110 

559 

183 

246 

95 

1,233 

105 

154 


1,000 
tons 

73 
425 

50 
111 

95 
173 
115 
728 
276 
295 
132 
1,659 
170 
543 


1,000 
tons 
80 






450 






50 






100 






100 






175 






120 






689 






300 






275 


El Salvador 




150 




South Africa, Republic of 8 


1,740 




175 


Nicaragua 


Other Africa 10 


576 


Panama 


Total Africa 


3,411 


4,845 


4,980 




Asia (cane unless otherwise 
indicated): 


185 
639 

1,026 

991 

66 

3,694 
708 
229 
225 

1,704 
161 
212 
101 


568 

778 

2,200 
834 
90 

4,640 
750 
457 
451 

1,755 
265 
370 
115 










642 




Turkey (Europe and Asia) 
(beet) 






695 


Haiti 


China : Mainland (cane and 




Jamaica 


2,200 






788 


St. Kitts 




90 


Trinidad and Tobago 




4,978 






800 


Total North America 


16,224 


16,853 


19,982 




456 






509 
1,903 


South America (cane unless 


950 

66 

3,815 

88 

421 

162 

359 

40 

878 

12 

53 

325 


1,019 

125 

4,804 

207 

784 

240 

403 

40 

678 

20 

71 

423 


1,068 
125 
5,048 
188 
818 
300 
420 
45 
827 
20 
37 
518 




otherwise indicated): 




275 


Argentina 


Thailand 


492 




Other Asia (cane and beet) 1J . . . . 
Total Asia 


128 






Brazil 


9,941 


13,273 


13,956 


Cclombia 


Oceania (cane): 


1,806 
266 


3,055 
448 




Ecuador 


2,365 


Guyana 


Fiji 


347 


Paraguay 


Total Oceania 


2,072 


3,503 


2,712 


Surinam 


World total (cane) 


34,374 
26,540 


40,994 
34,452 


44,816 


World total (beet) 


32,646 


Venezuela 


World total (cane and 
beet) 


60,914 


75,446 


77,462 


Total South America 


7,169 


8,814 


9,414 


NON-CENTRIFUGAL SUGAR 

(as produced) 13 
North America: 
Costa Rica 


76 
24 
38 
136 
22 
4 


45 
29 
53 
127 
11 
6 




Europe (beet unless otherwise 
indicated) : 


312 

497 

341 

58 

2,309 

1,980 

30 

156 

1,082 

620 

19 
560 
312 

44 

988 


322 

661 

375 

64 

2,623 

2,174 

105 

178 

1,422 

792 

25 
815 
323 

73 
1,075 


350 

705 

335 

46 

2,741 * 

2,193 

158 

168 

1,498 

797 

25 
952 
252 

74 
1,073 


45 


Belgium and Luxembourg 

Denmark 


El Salvador 


30 




53 


Mexico 


125 


France 




11 


Panama 


6 


Greece 5 


Total 


300 


271 


270 


Ireland 

Italy 


South America: 


683 
38 
26 
53 


728 
44 
13 
42 




Netherlands 

Portugal: 

Azores and Madeira 

Spain (cane and beet) 


716 




44 


Peru 

Venezuela 

Total.. 


14 
42 


Sweden 


800 


827 


816 


United Kingdom 


Asia: 

Burma 

China: Mainland 

Taiwan 

India 


163 
417 

24 

4,995 

334 

24 
768 

51 

15 
148 

36 


160 

800 

30 

6,063 

330 

6 

15 

711 

68 

215 

9 








Total Western Europe 


9,308 


11,027 


11,367 


800 


Albania 

Bulgaria 


14 
207 

1,160 
869 
492 

1,693 
408 
323 


17 
300 

1,005 
815 
500 

1,881 
485 
477 


18 

375 

1,100 

1,000 

600 

1,700 

600 

558 


19 

6,614 

340 


Czechoslovakia 


Germany, East 


Japan 

Pakistan 

Philippines 


7 

15 

672 

70 


Hungary 

Poland. 

Romania 


Yugoslavia 


Thailand 

Vietnam, South 

Total 

Total of above countries 


231 




Total Eastern Europe 


5,166 


5,480 


5,951 


10 


Total Europe 


14,474 


16,507 


17,318 


6,975 


8,407 


8,938 


U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 


7,623 


11,651 


9,100 


8,075 


9,505 


10,024 



See footnotes on page 



86 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 128. — Sugar, cane and beet (raw value) : Imports and domestic marketings, by 
source of supply, continental United States, average 1963-67, annual 1968 and 1S69 x 



Country or area of supply 



Argentina 

Australia 

Brazil 

British West Indies and 

Guyana 

Colombia 

Costa Rica 

Dominican Republic . . . 

Ecuador 

El Salvador 

Fiji Islands 

French West Indies 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

India 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



Aver- 






age 

1963-67 


1968 


1969 2 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


87 


76 


79 


204 


203 


193 


382 


620 


641 


158 


218 


227 


42 


66 


68 


51 


73 


75 


536 


707 


693 


64 


90 


93 


28 


45 


47 


47 


45 


42 


59 


66 


71 


48 


62 


84 


27 


27 


17 


96 


81 


77 


469 


634 


655 


42 


50 


70 


19 


37 


«| 



Country or area of supply 



Peru 

Philippines 

South Africa, Republic of. 

China (Taiwan) 

Other 



1953-67 



1968 1969 2 



Total foreign countries 4, 143 



Domestic areas: 
Mainland (beet). 
Mainland (cane) . 

Hawaii 

Puerto Rico . . . 
Virgin Islands . . . 



2,907 

1,069 

1,147 

783 



1,000 

tons 

493 

1,124 

60 

85 

104 



3,085 

1,204 

1,192 

504 





Total domestic areas 5,914 ! 5,985 

Grand total 



1,000 
tons 

300 

1,125 

57 

80 

132 



4,850 



3,218 

1.170 

1,160 

341 





h,i 



10,057 10,951 i 10,737 



1 Raw value is the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar. Imports and domestic marketings under annual sugar 
requirements determinations and quotas, pursuant to the Sugar Act of 1948, as amended. These comprise all 
sugar marketings except importations for re-export, livestock feed, and alcohol production, which were an aver- 
age 157,326 tons during 1983-67, 137,280 tons in 1968, and 125,388 tons in 1969. 

2 Preliminary. 

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 127 

1 Years shown are crop-harvesting years. Campaigns beginning not earlier than May of year shown, nor later 
than April of following year, are included in the same crop year. The entire season's production of each country 
is credited to the May /April year in which harvesting and sugar production began. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Centrifugal sugar, as distinguished from noncentrifugal, includes cane and beet sugar produced by the cen- 
trifugal process, which is the principal kind moving in international trade. 

4 Includes 3,000 tons each for St. Lucia and St. Vincent in the 1960-64 average. 

5 No sugar produced prior to 1961-62. 

6 Formerly Tanganyika: beginning 1964-65, includes Zanzibar. 

7 Prior to 1964-65, included Malawi and Zambia. 

8 Beginning 1962-63, Swaziland reported separately. 

9 Two-year average; prior to 1962-63, included in South Africa. 

10 "Other Africa" includes Algeria, Afars-Issas, Somali Republic ; Sudan, Angola, Congo (Brazzaville), Liberia, 
Tunisia, Ghana, Malawi, Zambia, Morocco, and Nigeria. 

11 Includes Khandsari. 

12 "Other Asia" includes Afghanistan, Israel, Syria, South Vietnam, Iraq, Lebanon, Ceylon, Nepal, and the 
Republic of Korea. 

iS Noncentrifugal sugar includes all types of sugar produced by other than centrifugal process which is largely 
for consumption in the relatively few areas where produced. The estimates include such kinds known as 
piloncillo, panela, papelon, chancaca, rapadura, jaggery, gur, muscovado, panocha, etc. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



SUGAR 



87 



Table 129. — Sugar, cane (raw) : 1 Refiners' stocks, receipts, meltings and direct 
consumption deliveries, continental United States, 1960-70 



Year 


Jan. 1 stocks 


Receipts 2 


Meltings 


Deliveries 

for direct 

consumption 


I960 


1 ,000 tons 
407 
441 
596 
600 
1,027 
598 
513 
569 
812 
834 
695 


1 ,000 tons 
6,528 
6,791 
7,048 
7,295 
6,165 
6,760 
7,245 
7,629 
7,759 
7,246 


1 ,000 tons 
6,490 
6,622 
7,032 
6,846 
6,584 
6,830 
7,174 
7,370 
7,720 
7,368 


1,000 tons 

4 


1961 


14 


1962 


12 


1963. . . 


22 


1964 


10 


1965 


15 


1966 

1967 


15 

17 


1968 


17 


1969 s 

1970 3 . . . 


17 











1 Expressed in raw value, the equivalent in terms of 96° sugar, as denned in the Sugar Act of 1948. 

2 Includes refiners' total offshore raw sugar receipts in continental U.S. ports, whether entered through the 
customs or held pending availability of quota, and raw cane sugar produced from sugarcane in the conti- 
nental United States. 

3 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 131. 



Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



Table 130. — Sugar, cane and beet (refined) : Stocks, production or receipts, and deliv- 
eries, continental United States, 1960-70 1 



Item and year 


Cane sugar 
refineries 2 


Beet sugar 
factories 


Importers of 

direct 
consumption 

sugar 3 


Mainland 

cane sugar 

mills 4 


Total 


JAN. 1 STOCKS 5 
1960 


1 ,000 tons 
296 
279 
229 
236 
327 
215 
208 
215 
249 
256 
251 

6,074 
6,198 
6,586 
6,423 
6,148 
6,368 
6,6,85 
6,868 
7,209 
6,874 

6,091 
6,247 
6,579 
6,332 
6,260 
6,374 
6,678 
6,834 
7,201 
6,879 


/ ,000 tons 
1,143 
1,400 
1,185 
1,278 
958 
1,585 
1,603 
1,423 
1,335 
1,292 
1,321 

2,281 
2,222 
2,351 
2,450 
3,150 
2,845 
2,647 
2,551 
2,840 
3,034 

2,023 
2,437 
2,258 
2,771 
2,523 
2,827 
2,826 
2,639 
2,883 
3,005 


1 ,000 tons 
37 
67 
58 
26 
40 
23 
24 
16 
32 
11 
9 

594 
303 
281 
211 
200 
207 
180 
302 
193 
147 

564 
312 
313 
197 
219 
206 
187 
286 
214 
148 


1 ,000 tons 


1 ,000 tons 
1,476 


1961 




1,746 


1962. . . 




1,472 


1963 




1,540 


1964 




1,325 


1965 . . 




1,823 


1966 




1,835 


1967 




1,654 


1968 . . 




1,616 


1969 




1,559 


1970 6 




1,581 


PRODUCTION OR RECEIPTS 

1960 




8,949 


1961 




8,723 


1962. . . 




9,218 


1963 




9,084 


1964. 




9,498 


1965 




9,420 


1966 




9,512 


1967. . . 




9,721 


1968 




10,242 


1969 6 




10,055 


DELIVERIES "' 

1960 


38 
55 
46 
50 
58 
65 
55 
54 
48 
49 


8,716 
9,051 


1961 


1962 


9 196 


1963 


9 350 


1964 


9 060 


1965 


9 472 


1966 


9 746 


1967 


9 813 


1968 


10 346 


1969 6 


10,081 





1 All sugars converted to refined basis. 

2 Includes Hawaiian sugar for direct consumption. 

3 Includes Puerto Rican sugar for direct consumption. 

4 Sugar for direct consumption only. Mainland cane sugar mills stocks and production not separately 
reported. 

5 Stocks include sugar in bond and in customs custody and control. 

6 Preliminary. 

7 Includes deliveries for export, for livestock feed, and for use in alcohol. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 132. 



Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



88 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 131. — Sugar, centrifugal (raw value) : Stocks in specified countries, average 
1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Country 



Date 1 



Chile 

Colombia 

South Africa, Re- 
public of 

Argentina 

Australia 

Brazil 

Mauritius 

Ecuador 

Spain 

Greece 

Finland 

Guyana 

Italy 

Turkey 

Canada 

United Kingdom . 

Venezuela 

Yugoslavia 

Austria 

Belgium 

Costa Rica 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, West . . 
Iran 



Apr. 1 
May 1 

May 1 
June 1 
June 1 
June 1 
June 1 
July 1 
July 1 
July 1 
Aug. 1 
Aug. 1 
Aug. 1 
Aug. 1 
Sept. 1 
Sept. 1 
Sept. 1 
Sept. 1 
Oct. 1 
Oct. 1 



Oct. 
Oct. 
Oct, 
Oct. 



Oct. 1 



Sugar-making season 



Aver- 
age 

1960-64 



1,000 

tons 

50 

41 

129 
204 
192 
506 
9 

55 

158 

55 

51 

10 

371 

145 

141 

680 

66 

159 

67 

30 

11 

76 

496 

465 

421 



1,000 

tons 

127 

54 

85 

428 

268 

1,818 

12 

113 

206 

95 

115 

5 

622 

539 

263 

530 

148 

595 

11 

39 

28 

90 

979 

1,170 

512 



1,000 
tons 
168 
53 

61 

341 

198 

1,541 

12 

123 

253 

92 

130 

10 

315 

587 

254 

560 

126 

486 [ 

43 I 

66 

42 

87 

1,078 ! 

923 j 

497 I 

! 



Country 



Ireland 

Japan , 

Netherlands 

Philippines 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United States and 
Insular Areas 

Uruguay 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

India 

Mexico 

Thailand 

United Arab Re- 
public 

Dominican Republic. . 

Barbados 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Nicaragua 

Peru 

Trinidad and Tobago . 

Total 



Date 1 



Oct. 1 

Oct. 1 

Oct, 1 

Oct. 1 

Oct. 1 

Oct. 1 

Oct. 1 
Oct. 1 
Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 

Nov. 1 
Dec. 1 
Jan. 1 
Jan. 1 
Jan. 1 
Jan. 1 



Jan. 
Jan. 



Sugar-making season 



Aver- 
age 

1960-64 



1,000 
tons 
52 
169 
107 
202 
127 
159 

1,220 

3 

2 

4 

704 

316 

108 

105 
71 

5 
14 
13 

5 
85 



1968 



1,000 
tons 
127 
248 
199 
107 
94 
213 

1,576 
23 
69 
22 
572 
536 
21 

27 
10 

3 

1 
15 

5 
73 

3 



12,796 



1,000 
tons 
125 
344 
165 
80 
155 
220 



1,( 



362 



12,957 



1 All stock carryover dates apply to the year indicated at the head of each column, except for Jan. 1 and Apr. 1, 
which apply to the following year. 
3 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



SUGAR 



89 



Table 132. — Sugar, centrifugal (raw value): International trade, average 1960-64, 

annual 1967 and 1968 





Average 1960-64 


1967 


1968 » 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


North America: 


1,000 tons 

27 

19 

32 

18 

31 

1 

512 

43 

8 

5 

23 

161 

5,483 

872 

178 

36 

431 

79 



46 

214 

1 


1,000 tons 

( 2 ) 

789 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

5 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
4,337 



( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 





7 


( 2 ) 

9 


1,000 tons 
61 
23 
52 
35 
62 
11 
606 
53 
33 
1 

5 

215 

6,264 

713 

141 

29 

395 

42 



41 

180 




1,000 tons 
( 2 ) 

984 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 



1 

4,687 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 







7 


( 2 ) 
23 


1,000 tons 

75 

26 

69 

68 

62 

9 

707 

46 

36 

1 

7 

177 

5,085 

672 

132 

28 

430 

39 



40 

226 




1,000 tons 

(2) 




951 




( 2 ) 


El Salvador 


( 2 ) 




( 2 ) 














1 









4,989 


Caribbean: 


( 2 ) 




( 2 ) 


Cuba 















Haiti 

















7 


St. Kitts 







( 2 ) 


Other 3 


13 








8,220 


5,147 


8,962 


5,702 


7,935 


5,961 






South America: 


154 



613 



43 

47 

323 

3 

548 



12 

3 




17 



203 

2 

3 

1 



( 2 ) 

66 



( 2 ) 


77 

10 

1,103 



208 

74 

328 

( 2 ) 

524 



41 

19 






182 


( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 





53 



( 2 ) 


127 

11 

1,189 



262 

77 

348 

( 2 ) 

551 



69 

22 















Chile 


184 









( 2 ) 




( 2 ) 


Paraguay 





Peru 





Uruguay 


61 







Other 3 


( 2 ) 








1,746 


292 


2,384 


235 


2,656 


245 






Europe: 

Austria 


2 
106 

67 



820 

22 



21 
3 


48 


3 

4 
476 


24 

54 

20 

170 

551 

157 

122 

11 

48 

215 

15 

212 

171 

174 

148 

77 

252 

2,584 




174 

53 



519 

22 





19 

( 2 ) 


7 



16 
7 
391 


1 

32 

27 

232 

539 

353 

70 

12 

101 

105 

21 

172 

191 

196 

245 

158 

282 

2,357 




224 

169 



791 

140 





18 

122 



15 







20 

11 

247 


1 




57 


Denmark 


1 


Finland 


246 




415 


Germany, West 


314 




111 


Iceland 


13 


Ireland 


56 


Italy 


57 


Malta 


21 


Netherlands 


220 


Norway 


215 


Portugal 


134 


Spain 4 


348 




123 


Switzerland 


312 


United Kingdom 


2,224 






Total Western Europe 


1,572 


5,005 


1,208 


5,094 


1,757 


4,868 






Bulgaria 


55 

467 
263 
138 
574 
166 
41 


142 
83 

181 


154 
31 

128 


110 
470 
174 

51 
419 
230 

14 


215 
207 
356 
23 
25 

163 


14 
344 
110 

20 
775 

57 

15 


342 




220 


Germany, East 


328 


Hungary 


15 


Poland 


23 




59 


Yugoslavia 


83 






Total Eastern Europe 


1,704 


719 


1,468 


989 


1,335 


1,070 






Total Europe 


3,276 


5,724 


2,676 


6,083 


3,092 


5,938 


See footnotes at end of table. 





90 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 132. — Sugar centrifugal (raw value): International trade, average 1960-64, 
annual 1967 and 1968— Continued 



Continent and country 



Average 1960-64 



Exports Imports 



Exports 



Imports ! Exports 



U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) . . . 

Africa: 

Algeria 

Angola 

Ethiopia s 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Malagasy Republic 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Nigeria 

Reunion 

Rhodesia 

Sierra Leone 

Somali Republic 

South Africa, Republic of ( 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

United Arab Republic . . . 
Other 3 

Total Africa 

Asia: 

Southern Yemen 7 

Afghanistan 

Burma 

Ceylon 

China: Mainland 

Taiwan 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 8 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea, Republic of 

Lebanon 

Malaysia and Singapore . . 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey (Europe and Asia) 

Vietnam, South 

Other 3 

Total Asia 

Oceania: 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other 3 

Total Oceania 

World total 



1,000 tons 
645 



( 2 ) 




37 
5 






61 

551 

11 

126 



222 

29 







1,628 



25 



256 
845 


43 
326 

65 




13 




30 



,174 



33 

183 



59 



3,052 



1,142 
255 
( J ) 





1,397 



19,964 



1,000 tons 
2,387 



1,000 tons 
1,324 



1,000 tons 
2,737 



1,000 tons 
1,541 



( 2 ) 



( = ; 



<-' 



251 

2 
61 

33 
3 

29 


380 

70 


33 
1* 
13 
14 
140 
19 
5 
95 

75 
274 



( 2 ) 







88 

569 

6 
120 



267 

60 




973 





( 2 ) 



364 



3 

72 

21 

4 

103 



331 



( 2 ) 



206 
354 



1,515 



2,213 



1.779 



44 

22 

220 

852 



15 

195 





371 

225 

78 

1,573 

50 

57 

43 

301 

61 



77 



5 







371 

656 



38 

196 









25 





( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 




54 
218 




,040 


16 
94 





291 

613 



18 

130 



42 

230 

387 

106 

,002 

81 

159 

38 

263 





83 

2 



189 

375 



4,505 



2,546 



5,121 



( 2 ) 



142 

18 



( 2 ) 



140 
22 



160 



2,192 



162 



19,730 



22,297 



21,819 



( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 





15 

1 






66 
657 

145 


336 







1,101 



( 2 ) 



1 

32 

68 

55 



2,560 



4 




257 

739 



22 

181 









56 



3 

1 

1 



1,124 



( 2 ) 

32 



110 



2,530 



1,790 
382 

( 2 ) 





5,172 



22,486 



1 Preliminary. 2 Less than 500 tons. 3 Includes trade of other countries not shown separately. 

4 Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla considered provinces of Spain after Jan. 1, 1953. 5 Ethiopian 

calendar year. 6 Beginning 1965, Swaziland is not included. 7 Formerly Aden. 8 Iranian calendar year. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



SUGAR 



91 



Table 133. — Sugar (raw and refined) : Average price per pound at specified markets, 

1960-69 





Wholesale price, cane sugar 


Retail 
price, 
granu- 
lated, 
United 
States 3 


Year 


Wholesale price, cane sugar 




Year 


Raw, 96° centrifugal 


Refined 


Raw, 96° centrifugal 


Refined 


Retail 
price, 




Ha- 
vana, 
Cuba 


New 
York, 
c.i.f. 

basis J 


New 
York, 
duty 
paid 


New 
York 2 


Ha- 
vana, 
Cuba 


New 
York, 

ci.f. 
basis 1 


New 
York, 
duty 
paid 


New 
York 2 


lated, 
United 
States x 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


Cents 
3.14 

4 2.91 
2.98 
8.50 
5.87 


Cents 
5.80 
5.68 
5.82 
7.56 
6.27 


Cents 
6.3 
6.3 
6.4 
8.2 
6.9 


Cents 
9.25 
9.21 
9.41 
11.70 
10.47 


Cents 
11.6 
11.8 
11.7 
13.6 
12.8 


1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 


Cents 
2.12 
1.86 
1.99 
1.98 
3.37 


Cents 
6.12 
6.36 
6.65 
6.90 
7.12 


Cents 
6.8 
7.0 
7.3 
7.5 
7.7 


Cents 
10.02 
10.15 
10.41 
10.60 
11.22 


Cents 
11.8 
12.0 
12.1 
12.2 
12.4 



1 Quotations are on a cost, insurance, and freight basis. 

2 Average net wholesale price per pound. Includes excise tax of 0.535 cents per pound. 

3 Averages of prices reported by urban dealers as of the 15th of the month. Derived from reported price 
for 5-pound container. 

4 Beginning 1961, f.o.b. Caribbean and stowed. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from the following sources: New York Journal of Commerce; U.S. 
Department of Labor retail price series; and reports of the New York Coffee and Sugar Exchange. Data for 
1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 135. 



Table 134. — Sugar, centrifugal (raw value): United States imports by country of 
origin, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 



Country of origin 



North and South America, 
including Caribbean area 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Costa Rica 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Ecuador 

French West Indies 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 



Peru..... 

West Indies and Guyana . 
Other America 



Total 2,623 



Average 


1968 


1969 2 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


49 


108 


57 


289 


626 


695 


37 


115 


79 


29 


74 


68 


447 








529 


695 


679 


39 


92 


89 


51 


61 


59 


27 


69 


52 


34 


27 


17 


448 


625 


645 


41 


47 


59 


9 


36 


42 


410 


483 


285 


162 


224 


218 


22 


139 


112 


2,623 


3,421 


3,156 



Country of origin 



Other countries: 

Australia 

Fiji 

India 

Netherlands 

Philippines 

South Africa, Republic of 

China (Taiwan) 

Other 

Total other countries . . 

World total 



Average 
1960-64 



1,000 

tons 

134 

23 

108 

6 

1,209 

70 

91 

73 



1,714 



4,337 



1968 



1,000 

tons 

206 

43 

81 



1,023 

61 

84 

70 



1,568 



4,989 



1,000 

tons 

216 

41 

65 



1,064 

62 

78 



1,610 



4,766 



1 Includes raw sugar imports and refined sugar imports converted to raw basis. 

2 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



92 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 135.- 



-Sugar, centrifugal (raw value): United States exports by country of 
destination, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 



Country of destination 



North and South America, 
including Caribbean areas 

Canada 

Bermuda 

Netherlands Antilles 

Bahamas 

Mexico 

British Honduras 

Other 

Total 

Europe: 

Iceland 

Germany, West 

Greece 

France 



Average 


1968 


1969 1 


1960-64 






Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


847 


103 


166 


252 


21 


3 


275 


79 


85 


147 


64 


51 


31 


1 


24 


35 





53 


249 


187 


119 


1,836 


455 


501 


284 








12 


204 


8 


12 


6 


2 


17 


20 


30 



Country of destination 



Europe — Continued 
United Kingdom . . 
Other 

Total 

Other countries: 
Korea, Republic of 

Japan 

Liberia 

Pacific Islands 2 . . . 

Morocco ..... 

Vietnam, South. . . 
Other 

Total other 

World total 



4,784 



Average 


1968 


1969 1 


1960-64 






Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


14 


29 


30 


38 


83 


37 


377 


342 


107 


325 





2 


218 


179 


47 


483 


5 





566 


107 


181 


78 








385 


28 


20 


516 


296 


177 


2,571 


615 


427 



1,412 



1,035 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Nansei, Nanpo, and Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 136. — Sugarcane sirup: Acreage, yield, production, price per gallon received 
by farmers, and value, United States, 1954-69 





Acreage 












Acreage 












har- 


Yield 


Pro- 




Farm 




har- 


Yield 


Pro- 




Farm 


Year 


vested 


per 


duc- 


Price 1 


value 


Year 


vested 


per 


duc- 


Price 1 


value 




for 


acre 


tion 








for 


acre 


tion 








sirup 












sirup 












1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




acres 


Gallons 


gallons 


Cents 


dollars 




acres 


Gallons 


gallons 


Cents 


dollars 


1954 


24 


197 


4,730 


104 


5,107 


1962 


10 


284 


2,702 


106 


3,008 


1955 


19 


263 


4,990 


105 


5,444 


1963 


8 


335 


2,814 


123 


3,556 


1956 


18 


220 


3,965 


109 


4,468 


1964 


8 


360 


2,989 


111 


3,415 


1957 


14 


216 


3,135 


115 


3,746 


1965 


8 


352 


2,923 


116 


3,486 


1958 


13 


270 


3,617 


110 


4,163 


1966 


6 


337 


2,121 


122 


2,653 


1959 


13 


274 


3,676 


109 


4,142 


1967 


6 


398 


2,346 


125 


2,962 


1960 


13 


275 


3,519 


108 


3,968 


1968 


7 


386 


2,661 


124 


3,294 


1961 


11 


303 


3,303 


108 


3,745 


1969 2 



























1 Based on sales to Dec. 1. Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 138. 



Table 137. — Sugarcane sirup: Acreage, yield, production, and price per gallon 
received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage harvested 
for sirup 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price 2 




1967 


1968 


1969 J 


1967 


1968 


1969 « 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 




1,000 
acres 
1 
1 
1 
3 


1,000 
acres 
1 
1 
1 
4 


1,000 
acres 


Gal- 
lons 
260 
220 
155 
590 


Gal- 
lons 
280 
190 
150 
515 


Gal- 
lons 


1,000 

gallons 

260 

220 

155 

1,711 


1,000 

gallons 

280 

171 

150 

2,060 


1,000 
gallons 


Cents 
165 
255 
235 

94 


Cents 

175 

285 

240 

95 


Cents 


















United States 


6 


' 


398 


386 




2,346 


2,661 




125 


124 





1 Estimates discontinued. 

2 Based on sales to Dec. 1 for Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Season average price for Louisiana. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



MAPLE SIRUP AND SUGAR 



93 



Table 138. — Maple sirup and sugar: Trees tapped, production, season average price 
received by farmers, value, and imports, United States, 1954-69 







Production 








Imports for consumption 




Trees 
tapped 1 






Yield 
of sirup 


Price 
per gallon 


Farm 
value 5 






Year 














Sirup 2 


In terms 
of sugar 3 


per tree 1 


of sirup 4 




Sirup 6 


Sugar 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




trees 


gallons 


pounds 


Gallons 


Dollars 


dollars 


pounds 


pounds 


1954 


6,391 


1,672 


13,376 


0.26 


4.63 


7,741 


4,096 


6,643 


1955 


6,138 


1,578 


12,624 


.26 


4.68 


7,383 


5,044 


6,024 


1956 


5,666 


1,529 


12,232 


.27 


4.79 


7,328 


7,090 


6,769 


1957 


5,346 


1,697 


13,576 


.32 


4.44 


7,545 


8,348 


4,912 


1958 


4,612 


1,392 


11,136 


.30 


4.51 


6,276 


7,235 


6,006 


1959 


4,517 


1,137 


9,096 


.25 


4.80 


5,456 


7,620 


7,408 


1960 




1,143 


9,144 




4.96 


5,669 


10,009 


5,742 


1961 




1,524 


12,192 




4.78 


7,290 


9,967 


5,979 


1962 




1,460 


11,680 




4.70 


6,865 


10,252 


3,730 


1963 




i 1,143 


9,144 




4.86 


5,559 


11,778 


4,960 


1964 




1,546 


12,368 




5.02 


7,763 


7,349 


5,391 


1965 




1,266 


10,128 




5.04 


6,389 


9,700 


4,688 


1966 




1,476 


11,808 




4.96 


7,319 


10,341 


5,986 


1967 




979 
983 


7,832 
7,864 




5.33 

5.48 


5,213 
5,391 


12,656 
10,893 


1 4,140 


1968 






5,238 


1969 7 




1,032 


8,256 




6.11 


6,303 


13,069 


4,774 











1 Beginning 1960, data discontinued. 

2 Includes sirup later made into sugar. 

3 Assuming that 1 gallon of sirup is equivalent to 8 pounds of sugar. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

5 Includes value of sirup used in production of sugar. 

6 A gallon of sirup weighs about 11 pounds. 

7 Preliminary. 



Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. 
1967, table 140. 



Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 



Table 139.— Maple sirup: Production, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Sirup made 1 


State 


Sirup made > 




1967 


1968 


1969 


1967 


1968 


1969 




1,000 

gallons 

9 

45 

310 

28 

275 

65 

69 


1,000 

gallons 

7 

38 

285 

24 

300 

72 

68 


1,000 

gallons 

8 

44 

290 

29 

348 

86 

84 




1,000 

gallons 

60 

100 

8 

10 


1,000 

gallons 

72 

100 

7 

10 


1,000 
gallons 
78 


New Hampshire 


Wisconsin 


65 

( J ) 


Massachusetts 


Maryland 

United States 


( 2 ) 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


979 


983 


1,032 



1 Includes sirup later made into sugar. Does not include production on nonfarm lands in Somerset County, 
Maine. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



94 COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 

Table 140. — Edible sirups, molasses, and honey : Production, foreign trade, and indi- 
cated domestic consumption, United States, 1954-69 



Year 



Production ] 



Sirups 



Corn 



Cane 



Sor- 
ghum 
C 1 ) 



Maple 



Re- 
finers 



Edible 
: molas- 
ses 



Honey 



Total 



Imports 



Maple 
sirup 



Edible 
molas- 
ses and 
cane 
sirup 3 



Honey 



Total 





1,000 




gallons 


1954 


133,071 


1955 


138.226 


1956 


141,504 


1957 


142,089 


1958 


153,481 


1959 


162,197 


1960 


169,776 


1961 


180,397 


1962 


201,259 


1963 


215,573 


1964 


238,832 


1965 


243 , 682 


1966 


252,337 


1967 


255,860 


1968 




1969 4 





1,000 
gallons 
4,805 
4,730 
4,990 
3,965 
3,135 
3,617 
3,676 
3,519 
3,303 
2,702 
2,814 
2,989 
2,923 
2,121 
2,346 
2,661 



1,000 
gallons 
2,552 
2,405 
3,594 
2,516 
2,282 
2,286 
1,943 



1,000 
gallons 
1,672 
1,578 
1,529 
1,697 
1,392 
1,137 
1,143 
1,524 
1,460 
1,143 
1,546 
1,266 
1,476 
979 
983 
1,032 



1,000 
gallons 
3,814 
3,853 
3,882 
3,620 
4,892 
3,999 
4,134 
3,846 
2,691 
2,769 
2,862 
2,994 
2,493 
2,402 
2,561 
2,235 



1,000 
gallons 
2,958 
2,820 
3.193 
2,384 
2,553 
3,084 
2,714 
3,379 
3,075 
2,772 
2,685 
2,648 
2,563 
2,477 
2,466 
2,532 



1,000 
gallons 
18,372 
21,666 
18,169 
20,477 
22,116 
20,083 
20,611 
21,721 
21,189 
22,647 
21,323 
20,654 
20,916 
18,860 
16,899 
23,925 



1,000 
gallons 
167,244 
175,278 
176,861 
176,748 
189,851 
196,403 
203,997 
214,386 
232,977 
247,606 
270,062 
274,233 
282,708 
282,699 
25,255 
32,385 



1.000 

gallons 
371 
457 
643 
757 
656 
691 
908 
904 
929 

1,068 
666 
879 
938 

1,147 
988 

1,185 



1,000 
gallons 
2,015 
2,305 
2,046 

573 
1,286 
2,138 
1,884 

911 
3,827 
1,706 
2,119 
3.349 
3,061 
1,065 
3,732 
2,266 



1,000 

gallons 

111 

837 

406 

404 

335 

383 

1,049 

768 

604 

221 

417 

1,127 

806 

1,416 

1,427 

1,244 



1,000 



3,163 

3,599 

3,095 

1,734 

2,277 

,212 

,841 

,583 

,360 



3, 

3, 

2, 

5, 

2,995 

3,202 

5,355 

4,805 

3,628 

6,147 

4,695 



Year 



1954 


1,000 

gallons 

3,233 


1955 


3,386 


1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


3,189 
2,745 
2,396 
2,245 


1960 


1,836 


1961 


1,370 


1962 


1,514 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


2,055 
1,632 
1,003 
1,038 


1967 


1,113 


1968 




1969 * 





Exports 



Corn 
sirup 



Edible 



and 
sirup, 
includ- 
ing 
maple 5 



1,000 
gallons 
272 
248 
249 
250 
165 
155 
182 
173 
140 
192 
205 



1,082 
2,334 



Honey 



1,000 

gallons 

2,061 

1,739 

1,548 

1,681 

1,902 

1,062 

797 

607 

1,158 

2,125 

760 

1,166 

1,219 

986 

684 

833 



Total 



1,000 
gallons 
5,566 
5,373 
4,986 
4,676 
4,463 
3,462 
2,815 
2,150 
2,812 
4,372 
2,597 
2,169 
2,257 
2,099 
1,766 
3,167 



Indicated domestic consumption 





Sirups 












Cane 








and 


Honey 






Sor- 


refiners' 




Corn 


Maple 


ghum 1 


sirup, 
and 
edible 


















molasses 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


129,838 


2,043 


2,552 


13,320 


17,088 


134,840 


2,035 


2,405 


13,460 


20,764 


138,315 


2,172 


3,594 


13,862 


17,027 


139,344 


2,454 


2,516 


10.292 


19,200 


151,085 


2,048 


2,282 


11,701 


20,549 


159,952 


1,828 


2,286 


12,683 


19,404 


167,940 


2,051 


1,943 


12,226 


20,863 


179,027 


2,428 




11,482 


21,882 


199,745 


2,389 




12,756 


20,635 


213,518 


2,211 




9,757 


20,743 


237,200 


2,212 




10,275 


20,980 


242,679 


2,145 




11,980 


20,615 


251,299 


2,414 




11,040 


20,503 


254,747 


2,126 




8,065 


19,290 




1,971 




10,023 


17,642 




2,217 




7,360 


24,336 







Total 



1,000 
gallons 
164,841 
173,504 
174,970 
173,806 
187,665 
196,153 
205,023 
214,819 
235,525 
246,229 
270,667 
277,419 
285,256 
284,228 
29,636 
33,913 



1 Production of cane sirup, sorghum sirup, and edible molasses is of the fall of the preceding year. Estimates 
of sorghum discontinued, beginning 1961; corn sirup estimates discontinued, beginning 1968. 

2 Does not include varying quantities produced on nonfarm lands in Somerset County, Maine. 

3 U.S. Department of Commerce molasses and sugar sirups series, less liquid sugar imports reported to Sugar 
Division, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 

4 Preliminary. 

5 Assumed to be largely refiners' sirup. Beginning 1965, data not available because of change in export 
classification. 



Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 142. 



FEED AND INDUSTRIAL MOLASSES 



95 



Table 141. — Feed and industrial molasses: Mainland production, inshipments and 
foreign trade, and total market supplies in the United States, 1954-69 







Production in 


mainland areas 




Shipments from offshore 
















domestic areas 


Year 


Main- 


Do- 


Refiners' 










Puerto 






land 


mestic 


black- 


Citrus 


Hydrol 


Total 


Hawaii 


Rico 


Total 




cane 


beet 


strap 
















1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


gallons 


1954 


46,050 


52,351 


31.6J6 


8,804 


17,873 


156,914 


46,530 


37,558 


84,088 


1955 


49,187 


52,061 


32,954 


8,422 


15,502 


158,126 


50,413 


44,232 


94,645 


1956 


38,067 


51,955 


35,343 


7,878 


16,851 


150,094 


49,401 


34,726 


84,127 


1957 


42,532 


63,171 


32,024 


10,474 


16,249 


164,450 


54,140 


20,439 


74,579 


1958 


40,300 


67,324 


32,233 


6,328 


20,336 


166,521 


43,974 


26,611 


70,585 


1959 


42,826 


76,920 


33,416 


7,669 


21,494 


182,325 


60,239 


24,238 


84,477 


1960 


46,686 


79,079 


32,224 


5,155 


23,324 


186,468 


49,692 


30,289 


79,981 


1961 


60,075 


98,211 


35,620 


5,949 


23,153 


223,008 


50,653 


38,618 


89,271 


1962 


65,274 


96,643 


37,679 


9,581 


23,595 


232,772 


54,911 


27,471 


82,382 


1963 


89,876 


124,602 


35,150 


5,396 


27,939 


282,963 


51,563 


16,590 


68,153 


1964 


103,287 


132,093 


34,898 


4,469 


29,992 


304,739 


52,653 


18,190 


70,843 


1965 


84,722 


116,589 


36,915 


8,564 


26,740 


273,530 


51,861 


21,104 


72,965 


1966 


82,952 


113,755 


39,443 


9,788 


23,125 


269,063 


60,271 


8,124 


68,395 


1967 


97,208 


103,649 


37,936 


17,291 


20,400 


276,484 


55,662 


5,619 


61,281 


1968 


87,127 


135,145 


46,113 


9,063 


21,000 


298,448 


66,157 


7,008 


73,165 


1969 ! 


72,250 


152,000 


42,700 


13,732 


23,000 


303,682 


48,430 


4,778 


53,208 









United States imports from foreign countries 


Mainland 
exports 2 


Total 
market 


Year 


Cuba 


Dominican 
Republic 


Mexico 


Other 


Total 


supplies 
available 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 


1,000 

gallons 

202,940 

232,696 

232,329 

117,471 

188,428 

90,497 

228,643 

12,417 

3 


1,000 

gallons 
23,516 
34,573 
31,652 
21,789 
24,761 
47,426 
62,281 
53,834 
51,705 
42,926 
32,591 
41,329 
47,533 
40,171 
28,914 
44,363 


1,000 

gallons 
37,810 
43,277 
29,820 
40,059 
46,539 
61,651 
75,635 
70,807 
63,987 
93,175 
86,404 
95,564 
99,312 
130,705 
94,335 
112,481 


1,000 

gallons 

76,142 

67,266 

58,288 

52,217 

74,580 

82,563 

83,087 

123,437 

148,368 

134,322 

147,426 

131,123 

167,312 

179,672 

244,842 

204,819 


1,000 

gallons 
340,408 
377,812 
352,089 
231,536 
334,308 
282,137 
449,646 
260,495 
264,063 
270,423 
266,421 
268,016 
314,157 
350,548 
368,091 
361,663 


1,000 

gallons 
4,843 
4,863 
879 
2,545 
2,166 
2,372 
3,032 
2,220 
2,265 
5,475 
4,339 
2,536 
1,586 
996 
3,077 
2,992 


1,000 

gallons 
576,567 
625,720 
585,431 
468,020 
569,248 
546,567 
713,063 


1961 

1962 

1963 


570,554 
576,952 
616,064 
637,664 
611,975 


1964 




1965 




1966 




650,029 
687,317 
736,627 


1967 




1968 




1969 l 




715,561 







1 Preliminary. 2 Does not include exports from Hawaii and Puerto Rico. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 143. 



96 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 142. — Honey: Colonies of bees, yield per colony, production of honey and bees- 
wax, average price per pound received by beekeepers, and foreign trade in honey, 

United States, 1954-69 » 





Number 

of 
colonies 


Honey 
yield 
per 

colony 


Production Prices 


Honey im- 




Year 


Honey 


Beeswax 


All honey 


Beeswax 


inship- 
ments 
for con- 
sumption 2 


domestic 
exports 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 J 


Thousands 
5,461 
5,252 
5,195 
5,199 
5,152 
5,109 
5.005 
4,992 
4,900 
4,849 
4,840 
4,783 
4,772 
4,819 
4,770 
4,762 


Pounds 
39.7 
48.6 
41.2 
46.4 
50.6 
46.3 
48.5 
51.3 
50.9 
55.0 
51.9 
51.1 
51.9 
46.3 
41.9 
59.5 


1,000 
pounds 
216,789 
255.222 
214.035 
241,218 
260,522 
236,578 
242,802 

:-55 . ses 

249,608 
266,778 
251,188 
244,549 
247,642 
223,300 
200,081 
283,268 


1,000 

pounds 
4,018 
4,620 
4.096 
4,452 
4.695 
4,215 
4,372 
4,720 
4,805 
4,828 
4,672 
4,749 
4,739 
4,541 
3,960 
5,460 


Cenis 
17.0 
17.8 
19.0 
18.7 
17.4 
17.0 
17.9 
18.0 
17.4 
18.0 
18.6 
17.8 
17.4 
15.6 
16.9 
17.5 


Cents 
44.1 
51.2 
54.6 
57.0 
46.0 
44.4 
44.0 
44.1 
44.1 
44.2 
44.3 
44.9 
46.6 
58.8 
61.6 
61.1 


1,000 
pounds 
9,152 

4,781 
4.755 
3,947 
4,509 
12,363 
9,042 
7,111 
2,601 
4,917 
13,344 
9,538 
16,767 
16,898 
14,726 


1,000 

pounds 

24,280 

20,458 

18,240 

19,799 

22,409 

12,507 

9,394 

7,151 

13,646 

25,035 

8,949 

13,806 

14,333 

11,674 

8,104 

9,868 



1 Includes Hawaii. 

2 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. 
1967, table 144. 



Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics 



Table 143. — Honey: United States imports for consumption, by country of origin, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and 
country of origin 



:?::-e4 



North America: 

Canada 

Dominican Republic 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Mexico 

Other 

South America: 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Chile 

Other 



1,000 J 
pounds 
105 I 
108 I 
86 
51 
3,872 
21 

2,645 
21 

7 




1968 


1969 * 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


1,834 


871 


10 


9 


42 


203 








11,670 


9.122 


447 


421 


1,988 


3,288 





127 


264 


353 









Continent and 
country of origin 



Aver- 
age 

195-"-e4 



Europe: 

Germany, West. 

Greece 

Ireland 

Italy 

Spain 

United Kingdom 

Other 

Africa, total. 

Asia, total 

Oceania, total 

Total 



1,000 
pounds 
51 
51 
3 
4 



7,207 



1,000 

pounds 

121 

50 

5 

4 



15 

49 



368 

31 



16,895 



1959 : 



1,000 

pounds 

88 

72 

18 

8 

7 

18 

66 



15 

40 



14,726 



1 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 147 



1 Preliminary . 

2 Includes Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 



HONEY 



97 



Table 144. — Honey: Colonies of bees, yield per colony, and production of honey and 
beeswax, by States, 1968 and 1969 





1968 


1969 


State and division 


Number 

of 
colonies 


Honey 

yield per 

colony 


Production 


Number 

of 
colonies 


Honey 

yield per 

colony 


Production 




Honey 


Beeswax 


Honey 


Beeswax 




Thou- 
sands 
5 
5 
8 
10 
2 
10 
157 
35 
110 


Pounds 
16 
15 
16 
22 
20 
21 
42 
35 
28 


1,000 

pounds 

80 

75 

128 

220 

40 

210 

6,594 

1,225 

3,080 


1,000 

pounds 

2 

2 

3 

4 

1 

5 

112 

28 

71 


Thou- 
sands 
5 
5 
7 

10 

2 

9 

149 

35 

108 


Pounds 
25 
19 
42 
32 
22 
17 
58 
47 
31 


1,000 

pounds 

125 

95 

294 

320 

44 

153 

8,642 

1,645 

3,348 


1,000 
pounds 
3 




3 




5 




6 








4 




156 




30 




74 








342 


34 


11,652 


228 


330 


44 


14,666 


282 






Ohio 


146 
95 
88 
120 
139 


31 
32 
42 
75 
55 


4,526 
3,040 
3,696 
9,000 
7,645 


86 
67 
78 
171 
138 


150 
88 
87 
121 
129 


34 
53 
50 
83 
115 


5,100 
4,664 
4,350 
10,043 
14,835 


92 




98 




91 




161 




237 






East North Central 


588 


48 


27,907 


540 


575 


68 


38,992 


679 




183 
142 
99 
55 
104 
103 
49 


57 
70 
40 
90 
107 
70 
45 


10,431 
9,940 
3,960 
4,950 

11,128 
7,210 
2,205 


229 
209 
81 
89 
189 
130 
44 


196 
138 
101 

53 
110 
104 

49 


110 
80 
42 
125 
135 
81 
35 


21,560 
11,040 
4,242 
6,625 
14,850 
8,424 
1,715 


353 




232 




81 




113 




252 




177 




34 






West North Central 


735 


68 


49,824 


971 


751 


90 


68,456 


1,242 




4 
29 

101 
91 

219 
64 

180 

321 


40 
46 
19 
17 
19 
13 
29 
65 


160 
1,334 
1,919 
1,547 
4,161 

832 
5,220 
20,865 


3 

23 
33 
31 
125 
19 
120 
376 


4 

28 
97 
92 
226 
63 
176 
337 


40 
45 
24 
18 
23 
18 
34 
75 


160 
1,260 
2,328 
1,656 
5,198 
1,134 
5,984 
25,275 


3 




25 




44 




41 




156 




26 




102 


Florida 


455 








1,009 


36 


36,038 


730 


1,023 


42 


42,995 


852 








83 
139 
91 
52 
90 
83 
55 
227 


18 
17 
23 
24 
25 
38 
36 
42 


1,494 
2,363 
2,093 
1,248 
2,250 
3,154 
1,980 
9,534 


37 
47 
44 
31 
50 
57 
34 
200 


81 
146 
89 
56 
92 
84 
60 
232 


26 
27 
28 
32 
28 
42 
33 
50 


2,106 
3,942 
2,492 
1,792 
2,576 
3,528 
1,980 
11,600 


42 




79 




60 




54 


Arkansas 


52 
60 




38 


Texas 


325 








820 


29 


24,116 


500 


840 


36 


30,016 


710 






Montana 


80 

220 

32 

46 

15 

83 

50 

8 

97 

74 

565 


85 
46 
51 
41 
61 
57 
21 
65 
39 
32 
29 


6,800 

10,120 

1,632 

1,886 

915 

4,731 

1,050 

520 

3,783 

2,368 

16,385 


136 

201 

31 

41 

18 

90 

24 

9 

95 

43 

295 


77 

218 

32 

45 

15 

75 

49 

7 

90 

71 

559 


125 
54 
78 
70 
48 
42 
50 

105 
39 
53 
83 


9,625 

11,772 

2,496 

3,150 

720 

3,150 

2,450 

735 

3,510 

3,763 

46,397 


183 

188 


Wyoming 

Colorado 


42 
69 
12 


Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 


82 
51 
13 
91 


Oregon 


75 
882 








1,270 


40 


50,190 


983 


1,238 


71 


87,768 


1,688 






48 States 


4,764 


41.9 


199,727 


3,952 


4,757 


59.5 


282,893 


5,453 






Hawaii 


6 


59 


354 


8 


5 


75 


375 


7 






United States 


4,770 


41.9 


200,081 


3,960 


4,762 


59.5 


283,268 


5,460 





Statistical Reporting Service. 



98 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 145. — Honey and beeswax: Average price per pound received by beekeepers, 

by States, 1968 and 1969 











Honey 


prices 










State and division 


Wholesale, extracted, 1969 


Retail, 

ex- 
tracted, 

1969 


All 1 
comb, 
1969 


Alii 

chunk, 

1969 


All honey 


Beeswax 




Bulk 


Pack- 
aged 


All 


1968 


1969 


1969 




Cents 


Cents 
40 
37 
31 
35 
34 
34 
26 
24 
28 
21 
27 
24 
21 
25 
24 
24 
21 
22 
20 
19 
26 
28 
28 
30 
25 
31 
31 
32 
25 
33 
32 
29 
24 
26 
21 
25 
23 
18 
21 
24 
25 
34 
19 
17 
21 
24 
17 
20 


Cents 
40 
36 
31 
35 
34 
34 
15 
21 
18 
16 
17 
18 
15 
16 
18 
15 
17 
14 
14 
14 
15 
28 
28 
20 
22 
18 
25 
13 
16 
25 
20 
14 
15 
21 
12 
22 
14 
14 
14 
15 
17 
12 
12 
17 
15 
15 
14 
13 


Cents 
47 
47 
36 
47 
43 
43 
29 
43 
33 
30 
32 
30 
30 
27 
29 
33 
31 
26 
24 
26 
22 
37 
39 
38 
42 
38 
43 
33 
31 
40 
36 
33 
31 
32 
28 
37 
32 
27 
23 
26 
22 
30 
20 
21 
20 
30 
25 
29 


Cents 
62 
59 
54 
60 
59 
62 
46 
60 
42 
43 


Cents 
55 
56 
48 
57 


Cents 
44.6 
40.8 
34.2 
42.7 
38.8 
39.8 
15.6 
27.4 
21.2 
20.2 
17.6 
19.3 
15.4 
16.0 
17.4 
15.2 
16.7 
13.7 
14.7 
13.8 
16.6 
32.8 
29.8 
28.5 
32.2 
23.2 
29.7 
17.0 
19.0 
32.2 
21.7 
21.6 
21.7 
25.0 
15.4 
26.7 
15.7 
13.2 
13.9 
13.6 
18.1 
11.0 
11.2 
14.7 
14.3 
13.5 
15.2 
12.8 


Cents 
46.6 
42.7 
36.2 
44.8 
40.2 
41.8 
16.5 
28.5 
21.6 
19.5 
19.3 
20.2 
16.2 
16.3 
19.3 
16.3 
18.5 
14.6 
14.6 
14.5 
16.6 
34.6 
31.5 
29.5 
32.0 
23.9 
33.1 
17.0 
20.1 
33.6 
22.4 
22.5 
20.8 
26.4 
14.6 
30.0 
16.8 
14.2 
14.7 
15.6 
18.8 
13.0 
12.2 
17.5 
15.3 
15.4 
15.8 
13.4 


Cents 
59 


New Hampshire 


17 


59 
59 






56 






56 






55 


56 




14 
15 
15 
14 
15 
17 
14 
14 
17 
14 
16 
14 
14 
14 
14 
18 
17 
17 
18 
16 
18 
13 
13 
17 
16 
11 
12 
15 
11 
16 
12 
14 
14 
15 
14 
12 
12 
17 
15 
14 
14 
12 


62 




55 
40 
40 
43 


65 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


63 
61 
62 




42 
44 


61 






62 






62 


Minnesota 


44 
44 
42 


36 
36 


59 
63 




64 






64 








65 








59 




42 
50 
50 
36 
38 
38 
40 


40 
48 
46 
34 
33 
37 
39 
26 
30 
38 
36 
37 
31 
35 


62 


Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 


60 
60 
63 
60 




55 




60 


Georgia 

Florida 


60 




62 


Kentucky 


38 
38 
33 
32 
32 


58 
54 




57 




62 


Arkansas 


67 
62 




44 
41 


39 
40 


67 


Texas 


57 




61 








60 


Wyoming 

Colorado 






66 


45 


34 


60 
58 








58 


Utah 






58 








69 


Washington 






64 


50 




61 






62 










48 States 


13.8 


24.0 


15.2 


31.6 


41.1 


32.3 


16.9 


17.4 


61.1 








13 


25 


16 


31 






15.4 


17.1 


68 










United States 


13.8 


24.0 


15.2 


31.6 


41.1 


32.3 


16.9 


17.4 


61.2 







1 Prices for wholesale and retail comb and chunk honey discontinued. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



HONEY AND BEESWAX 



99 



Table 146. — Honey and beeswax: Average wholesale prices for specified types and 

locations, 1960-69 x 



Item and location 


1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


EXTRACTED HONEY, PER POUND 2 

Florida White to Extra Light Amber 
Orange: 

Florida Points 3 

New York City 4 


Cents 
14.1 
15.8 

12.6 
16.2 

10.0 

12.7 

13.0 

14.5 

Dollars 
9.01 

Cents 
42.6 
42.3 

43.1 


Cents 
14.6 
15.8 

11.9 

17.9 

10.4 
12.9 
12.9 
16.0 

Dollars 

8.84 

Cents 
42.0 
41.6 

41.6 


Cents 
14.0 
15.9 

12.7 
17.5 

10.5 

12.8 

14.7 

14.0 

Dollars 
9.26 

Cents 
44.0 


Cents 
14.5 
17.5 

13.3 
18.1 

14.1 

14.7 

13.5 

15.5 

Dollars 
9.69 

Cents 
42.2 
42.9 

44.5 


Cents 
14.7 
17.2 

13.6 
19.5 

13.0 

14.0 

14.0 


Cents 
13.2 
17.4 

11.6 
18.3 

10.5 

13.2 

13.7 


Cents 
12.5 
16.3 

11.3 
16.7 

10.0 

13.3 

14.0 


Cents 


Cents 
15.5 


Cents 
17.8 
20 7 


California White to Water White 
Orange: 

Southern California Points 3 

New York City 4 


11.7 


12.1 


13.1 


California Light Amber to Extra 

Light Amber Alfalfa: 

Imperial Valley Points 3 

White to Water White Sweetclover 

Alfalfa: 5 


10.5 
13.2 
14.0 


11.3 
13.6 
14.2 


12.3 
15 


White Clover: 

New York and North Central 

States 3 

Northeastern Buckwheat: 

New York and Pennsylvania 


14.8 


COMB HONEY, PER 24-SECTION 
CASE 

White Clover No. 1 and Fancy, 
wrapped: 

New York and North Central 
States 6 


Dollars 
9.77 

Cents 
42.0 
45.2 

46.0 


Dollars 
9.86 

Cents 
43.1 
44.1 

46.0 


Dollars 
9.82 

Cents 
47.0 
46.2 

48.6 


Dollars 
9.95 

Cents 
60.1 
55.1 

57.5 


Dollars 
10.83 

Cents 
61.1 
61.3 

63.2 


Dollars 
10.71 


BEESWAX, PER POUND 7 


Cents 
66.0 




65.3 


White Clover Belt (North Central 


66.3 






Weighted average 


42.7 


41.7 


43.2 


43.2 


44.4 


44.4 


47.2 


57.6 


61.9 


65.8 



1 Simple average of average monthly prices. 

2 Except where otherwise stated, price to beekeepers, f.o.b. shipping point or delivered nearby market. 

3 Price paid beekeepers in large lots, mostly truck lots. 

4 Sales by original receivers to bottlers, confectioners, bakers, or jobbers. 

5 Price paid beekeepers or other shippers, mostly in trucklots or carlots. 

6 Price paid beekeepers for large lots but mostly less than trucklots. 

7 "Average yellow" or lighter beeswax price to beekeepers, f.o.b. shipping point or delivered nearby market. 
Consumer and Marketing Service. 



Table 147.- 



-Beeswax, crude: United States imports for consumption, by country of 
origin, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and 
country of origin 



North America: 

Mexico , 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic . . 

Haiti 

Guatemala 

Canada 

Other 

South America: 

Brazil 

Chile 

Argentina 

Peru 

Other 

Africa: 

Ethiopia 

Angola 

United Arab Republic. 

Morocco 

Other Portuguese West 
Africa 

See footnotes on page 96 



Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 ! 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


614 


878 


837 


139 








457 


350 


323 


96 


94 


68 


82 


7 





39 


235 


207 


27 


46 


48 


743 


128 


602 


641 


686 


610 


102 


15 


22 


16 


16 


7 


10 





3 


633 


755 


806 


519 


600 


569 


139 


56 


110 


79 








26 









Continent and 
country of origin 



Africa — Continued 

Mozambique 

British East Africa 2 

Equatorial Africa 

French West Africa 

South Africa, Republic of. 

Somali Republic 

Other 

Europe: 

Portugal 

Germany, West 

Turkey (Europe and 
Asia) 

Other 

Asia: 

India 

Lebanon 

Other 

Oceania, total 



Total 4,864 4,134 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 

pounds 

2 

59 

4 

5 

3 

17 

70 

115 
14 

176 
32 

1 

1 
3 



1968 



1,000 

pounds 

16 

28 









57 




66 
81 



1969 ] 



1,000 

pounds 



45 





10 





4,436 



100 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 148. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States, 1954-69 





Acreage 

harvested 


Yield per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Season 
average 
price per 

pound 
received 

by 
farmers 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade , 
year beginning July 2 


Year 


Domestic 
exports 


Imports 
for con- 
sumption 


1954 


Acres 

1,557,239 

1,667,500 

1,495,400 

1,363,500 

1,121,800 

1,077,900 

1,108,274 

1,152,780 

1,141,530 

1,174,390 

1,224,080 

1,175,720 

1,025,162 

1,077,810 

976,900 

973,900 

959,800 

880,280 

921 , 890 


Pounds 
1,234 
1,346 
1,466 
1,596 
1,486 
1,611 
1,486 
1,558 
1,703 
1,755 
1,891 
1,994 
1,938 
2,067 
1,898 
1,937 
2,050 
1,943 
1,960 


1,000 
pounds 
1,921,526 
2,243,735 
2,192,852 
2,175,556 
1,667,544 
1,736,418 
1,646,513 
1,796,415 
1,944,175 
2,061,392 
2,314,782 
2,343,799 
1,987,204 
2,227,932 
1,854,568 
1,886,819 
1,967,911 
1,710,398 
1,806,656 


Cents 


1,000 

dollars 


1,000 

pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


51.1 
53.2 
53.7 
56.1 
59.9 


1,146,830 
1,165,643 
1,168,841 
935,992 
1,040,386 


461,550 
577,665 
500,677 
472,824 
473,288 


109,753 
115,336 
121,638 
125,656 
152,038 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 . 


58.3 

60.9 
63.8 
58.9 
57.7 


1,048,043 
1,183,802 
1,314,861 
1,363,822 
1,352,053 


456,647 
504,231 

520,010 
473,294 
532,060 


156,875 
164,206 
165,338 
161 969 


1963. . 


165 613 


1964 




1964 

1965 

1966... 


59.2 
65.1 
66.4 
66.8 
69.5 
71.8 


1,317,943 
1,206,734 
1,252,890 
1,315,500 
1,188,644 
1,296,781 


483,987 
472,184 
626,635 
564,802 
515,610 


183,919 
173,919 
184 898 


1967 

1968 


218,886 
210,716 


1969 3 















1 Production figures are on a farm-sales- weight basis. 

2 Includes all unmanufactured on a declared weight basis. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census. Foreign trade data compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of 
Commerce. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 150. 



Table 149. — Tobacco: Acreage, production, and season average price per pound 
received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 


2 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 * 


Massachusetts 

Connecticut 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio . 


Acres 

2,580 

7,400 

21,000 

9,700 

5,800 

8,300 

2,100 

31,500 

70,100 

1,900 

403,200 

75,500 

72,400 

16,700 

173,000 

57,800 

560 

230 


Acres 

2,660 

7,300 

21,000 

9,450 

5,800 

7,700 

2,200 

30,000 

66,600 

1,950 

358,400 

62,600 

57,350 

15,300 

172,500 

58,740 

520 

210 


Acres 

2,300 

5,600 

20,000 

9,100 

5,900 

7,400 

2,150 

30,000 

73,000 

1,950 

386,400 

68,500 

60,600 

15,650 

173,400 

59,160 

530 

250 


1,000 

pounds 

3,225 

9,020 

38,325 

21,061 

13,833 

16,127 

4,652 

32,445 

131,986 

3,515 

834,675 

165,722 

150,294 

31,590 

400,060 

110,258 

1,008 

115 


1,000 

pounds 

3,531 

9,499 

37,275 

18,779 

13,253 

14,043 

5,434 

31,950 

112,682 

3,305 

667,375 

122,383 

107,731 

26,470 

413,945 

121,691 

884 

168 


1,000 

pounds 

3,166 

7,318 

37,500 

21,890 

14,750 

12,932 

5,203 

30,600 

134,629 

3,578 

715,968 

136,658 

97,890 

26,028 

436,802 

120,797 

800 

140 


Cents 
291.0 
294.0 
28.0 
63.3 
70.0 
34.2 
67.6 
62.4 
63.1 
70.6 
64.1 
64.5 
67.2 
103.0 
70.1 
67.7 
65.5 
75.0 


Cents 
235.9 
231.0 
30.0 
66.0 
73.7 
37.3 
72.3 
69.8 
65.9 
73.0 
66.6 
66.4 
71.8 
115.0 
71.9 
69.9 
58.5 
77.0 


Cents 

325.0 

311.0 

30.0 

64.7 




70.4 




71.4 


Missouri 


70.0 

( 3 ) 




70.2 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 


68.0 
72.1 
72.8 
77.3 


Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Louisiana 


121.2 
68.0 
65.0 
66.0 
79.0 


United States 


959,770 


880,280 


921,890 


1,967,911 


1,710,398 


1,806,656 


66.8 


69.5 


71.8 



1 Preliminary. 

2 For prices on a type basis, see tables 150 and 152. 

3 Evaluated at 75.0 cents per pound, the average auction sales through May 6, 1970, to obtain 1969 farm 
value in table 148. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



TOBACCO 



101 



Table 150. — Tobacco: Acreage, production, and season average price per pound 
received by farmers, by class and type, 1967-69 





Type 

No. 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 




1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Flue-cured: 

Old and Middle Belts 

Eastern North Carolina Belt. . 
N.C. Border and S.C.Beit.... 


11 
12 
13 

14 


Acres 
204,800 
192,000 
128,900 

84,560 


Acres 
186,800 
171,000 
107,100 

68,120 


Acres 
204,000 
185,000 
116,000 

71,830 


1,000 

pounds 

397,572 

409,920 

280,799 

174,868 


1,000 
pounds 
308,848 
334,305 
211,161 
127,227 


1,000 

pounds 

361,220 

350,575 

224,058 

116,952 


Cents 
62.3 
64.9 
65.0 
65.6 


Cents 
64.6 
67.6 
66.7 
68.4 


Cents 
71.5 
72.6 
72.8 
73.5 






Total 


11-14 


610,260 


533,020 


576,830 


1,263,159 


981,541 


1,052,805 


64.2 


66.6 


72.4 






Fire-cured: 
Virginia Belt ., . . 


21 
22 
23 


5,400 
13,200 
4,100 


4,900 
13,700 
4,190 


5,000 
14,300 
4,660 


6,966 

23,035 

6,416 


5,904 

25,329 

7,269 


6,700 

25,819 

8,253 


40.9 
46.9 
43.7 


46.9 
51.5 
50.0 


53.1 

48.4 




47.3 






Total 


21-23 


22,700 


22,790 


23,960 


36,417 


38,502 


40,772 


45.2 


50.5 


48.9 


Air-cured Qight): 
Burley Belt 


31 
32 


237,700 
31,500 


237,550 
30,000 


237,700 
30,000 


540,635 
32,445 


563,367 
31,950 


591,395 
30,600 


71.8 
62.4 


73.7 
69.8 


69.6 


Southern Maryland Belt 


( 2 ) 


Total 


31-32 


269,200 


267,550 


267,700 


573,080 


595,317 


621,995 


71.3 


73.5 


69.9 


Air-cured (dark): 
One Sucker Belt . . 


35 
36 
37 


6,500 
3,000 
1,200 


6,750 
3,100 
1,100 


7,100 
3,000 
1,100 


10,452 
5,025 
1,308 


12,642 
5,394 
1,204 


13,279 
4,830 
1,348 


42.3 
37.9 
45.2 


49.5 
42.7 
53.2 


40.7 


Green River Belt (Ky.) 

Virginia Sun-cured Belt 


39.4 

52.8 


Total 


35-37 


10,700 


10,950 


11,200 


16,785 


19,240 


19,457 


41.2 


47.8 


41.2 


Cigar filler: 

Pennsylvania Seed-leaf 

Ohio Miami Valley types 


41 
42-44 


21,000 
2,300 


21,000 
2,050 


20,000 
1,700 


38,325 
3,634 


37,275 
3,424 


37,500 
2,805 


28.0 
29.0 


30.0 
31.0 


30.0 
32.5 


Total 


41-44 


23,300 


23,050 


21,700 


41,959 


40,699 


40,305 


28.1 


30.1 


30.2 


Cigar binder: 
Connecticut Valley 


51 

52 
54 
55 


1,100 

380 
3,800 
4,500 


1,200 

360 
3,700 
4,000 


1,200 

400 
3,700 
3,700 


1,964 

728 
7,239 
8,888 


2,118 

702 
7,363 
6,680 


1,752 

620 
6,438 
6,494 


55.0 

53.0 
34.4 
34.1 


60.0 

58.0 
36.8 
37.9 


59.0 


Connecticut Valley 


56.0 




40.2 




42.5 






Total 


51-55 


9,780 


9,260 


9,000 


18,819 


16,863 


15,304 


37.1 


41.0 


44.0 


Cigar wrapper: 
Connecticut Valley 

shadegrown 

Georgia-Florida shade- 


61 
62 


8,500 
5,100 


8,400 
5,050 


6,300 
4,950 


9,553 
8,024 


10,210 

7,858 


8,112 
7,766 


360.0 
245.0 


280.0 
270.0 


390.0 
280.0 






Total 


61-62 


13,600 


13,450 


11,250 


17,577 


18,068 


15,878 


308.0 


275.7 


336.2 








41-62 


46,680 


45,760 


41,950 


78,355 


75,630 


71,487 


92.9 


91.2 


101.1 






Miscellaneous: 


72 


230 


210 


250 


115 


168 


140 


75.0 


77.0 


79.0 








All 


959,770 


880,280 


921,890 


1,967,911 


1,710,398 


1,806,656 


66.8 


69.5 


71.8 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Evaluated at 75.0 cents per pound, the average auction sales through May 6, 1970. 

3 Includes fire-cured wrapper. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



102 



COTTON, SUGAR. AND TOBACCO. 1970 



Table 151. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries, average 

1960-64, annual 1968-69 x 



Acreage harvested 



Continent and country 



Aver- 
age 

15 60-? 4 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



Product i 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1969 » 



North America: 

Canada 

Mexico 

"United States 

Puerto Rico 

Costa Rica 

EI Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic. 

Haiti . 

Jamaica 



Total. 



South America: 
Argentina . . . 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Paraguav 

Peru 

Uruguay 
Venezuela . . . 



Total. 



Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxembourg . 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Spain 

Switzerland 



Total Western Europe . 



Germany. East . 

Hunearv 

Poland 

Bulgaria 

Yugoslavia .... 



Total Eastern Europe . 
Total Europe 



U.S.SJR. 'Europe and Asia). 

Africa: 

Algeria 

Libya 

Morocco 

Tunisia 

Angola 

Congo •Kinshasa') 

Rwanda and Burundi 

Cameroon 

Gabon, Central African 
Rep., and Congo CBraz- 
zaville) 

Kenya 

Mauritius 

Malagasy Republic 

Mozambique 



1,000 

acres 

121 

91 

1.159 



5 

11 
3 

2 

m 



1,610 



109 

3 

481 

8 

45 

28 

7 

1 

16 



695 



55 

11 

301 

117 

45 

2 



535 



276 

108 



6S2 



1.217 



355 



4 



1,000 
acres 

135 
58 

880 



1.253 



13S 

2 

535 



SOI 



1 

1 

50 

9 

268 

128 

34 

2 



493 



1,000 

acres 

132 

87 

921 

6 

3 

1 
4 
11 



Pound* 
1,625 
1.058 
1 . ><0 
1,115 
826 

I. '""4 

680 
560 
915 
771 
769 
983 
410 



Pounds 
1.622 
1,761 
1.943 
1,419 
L.050 
1.415 
1,219 
562 
954 



Pounds 
1,799 
1.5- 
1,958 
1,277 
1.059 
1.356 
1,296 
562 
954 



m 



1.064 
405 



1,000 

pounds 

196.295 

96,364 

2,178,400 

31,180 

2,676 

2.311 

3.735 

6.013 

2,417 

1,666 

s: i o: 

61.729 
2.440 

2.450 



1,000 
pounds 

21-. -07 
101.412 
,710,362 
10.756 
3,560 
1,682 
6,834 
6,210 
3,300 

2. '"'■>: 



36.155 
2,500 

10. 500 



s 1.321 



! 

2.674.679 j 5 2.191.108 



146 
2 

471 



974 

748 

698 

1,996 

1,721 

1,081 

874 

564 

1,244 



749 



1 

1 

48 

9 

268 

115 

43 

2 



1,677 
2,299 
1,667 
2,001 
727 
1,072 
1.410 
1,911 



487 



114 
141 



s 744 



1.237 



425 



124 



1,058 

1,060 

1,354 

766 



982 



1,795 
1.654 
1,398 
552 
563 
1,189 



2.345 
1,758 
726 
1,276 
1,629 
2.134 



736 

893 



1.816 
1.645 
1,375 
918 
563 
1.200 



1.644 
2.751 
2,273 
2,116 
667 
1,452 
1,293 
2. 20' j 







1,599 




687 


749 



106,262 

2,165 

336.211 

15,666 

76,950 

30.731 

5,872 

418 

20.075 



594.350 



1,466 

6,024 

92,090 

22,158 

218,741 

125.595 

63.492 

4,037 



533,6 @ 



12.526 
48.192 

127. 753 
211,393 

5^.565 



135,834 

2,206 

334.793 

13,161 

91.4';'": 

44 '092 

7.055 

400 

26.129 



655.1- 



1,393 
4,050 
11- DM 
16.011 
194,368 
163,425 
55,596 
4,145 



556.006 



59.524 
182.9S2 



96.561 



x 581,687 s 725.430 



1,182 |. 



i3 . . . : 



1.323 



53 


53 


431 


2 


2 


889 


4 


4 


1.115 


7 


7 


592 


22 


23 


650 


1 


1 


732 


5 


5 


604 


14 


14 


496 


10 


10 


558 


(*) 


(*) 


( 4 ) 


1 


1 


1.239 


16 


16 


608 


13 


14 


519 



564 
1,961 



646 

660 



590 
( 4 ) 

1,433 
605 
553 



1.323 



564 



625 
660 
555 



592 



1.115.290 



368.206 



16,301 

2.301 
4,126 
2,671 
5.644 
2,503 
3.020 
5,666 



4.250 
1,370 
1.093 

10.562 
5,093 



1,281.436 



562.200 



30.000 
3.406 
3.309 
6.056 

15,000 

320 

3,500 

8.000 



5.700 

225 I 
1,165 ' 
9,921 

7.157 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TOBACCO 



103 



Table 151. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries, average 
1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 1 — Continued 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Aver- 
age 
1960-64 


1968 2 


1969 2 


Africa — Continued 


1,000 

acres 

46 

23 

131 

219 

12 

10 

86 


1,000 
acres 
48 
16 
82 
105 
47 
19 
76 


1,000 
acres 
42 
14 
79 
115 
46 
18 
105 


Pounds 
581 
827 
272 
1,033 
462 
533 
703 


Pounds 
573 
878 
324 

1,261 
490 
562 

1,115 


Pounds 
580 
860 
336 
1,198 
473 
583 
807 


1,000 

pounds 

26,946 

19,126 

35,492 

226,233 

5,651 

5,128 

60,480 


1,000 
pounds 
27,508 
14,748 
32,035 
132,180 
23,000 
10,680 
84,300 


1,000 
pounds 
24,640 




12,038 


Malawi 


26,522 
137,300 




22,000 




10,332 


South Africa, Republic of 


84,500 


Total 


3 665 


3 572 


3 602 








3 451,176 


3 429,688 


3 426,394 












Asia: 


6 

52 

33 

7 

10 

12 

28 

487 

1,603 

118 

18 

20 

1,016 

439 

166 

56 

209 

243 

129 

56 


6 
45 
45 
10 
15 
16 
52 
679 


5 
46 
44 
10 
15 
16 
52 
566 


357 

507 

618 

459 

304 

847 

540 

572 

873 

747 

491 

1,875 

725 

363 

2,014 

1,372 

1,018 

629 

500 

608 


319 
967 
661 
453 
263 
902 
500 
525 


443 
1,074 
660 
468 
259 
905 
500 
567 


2,009 

26,137 

20,639 

3,259 

3,045 

9,795 

15,055 

278,771 

1,399,820 

88,212 

8,839 

38,439 

736,399 

159,569 

333,382 

76,291 

212,912 

152,708 

64,750 

34,035 


1,804 
43,166 
30,000 
4,365 
3,862 
14,771 
26,000 
356,325 


1,997 




49,824 




29,000 




4,630 




3,800 




14,771 




26,000 


Turkey (Europe and Asia) . . . 


321,100 




179 

27 

28 

1,046 

533 

203 

96 

295 

288 

154 

81 


142 

27 

27 

1,019 

530 

187 

105 

288 

257 

159 

83 


665 

582 

1,653 

777 

434 

2,103 

1,600 

1,391 

673 

566 

616 


668 

582 

1,622 

751 

416 

2,077 

1,680 

1,387 

667 

563 

608 


119,048 

16,000 

45,512 

812,836 

231,500 

426,365 

153,654 

410,000 

194,159 

87,014 

49,877 


94,797 




16,000 




44,092 




765,437 




220,500 




389,328 




176,368 




400,000 




171,606 


Thailand 


89,252 


Vietnam, South; Laos; and 


50,500 






Total 


4,708 


3 5,692 


3 5,398 








3,664,066 


3 4, 793, 258 


3 4,599,002 












Oceania: 


27 
5 


23 
5 


23 
5 


1,003 
1,742 


1,076 
1,207 


1,457 
1,300 


26,856 
8,302 


24,721 
6,154 


33,500 




7,000 






Total 


32 


28 


28 








35,158 


30,875 


40,500 












World total 


9,295 


10,008 


9,711 








8,902,925 


9,943,725 


9,896,679 













1 Production harvested within the calendar year specified. Farm-sales weight is about 10 percent above dry 
weight which is normally reported in trade statistics. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes estimates for countries where data are not yet available, and producing countries not shown. 

4 Not available. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 152. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and 
price, by types, United States including Puerto Rico, 1965-69 (farm-sales-weight 
basis) 



Type and crop year 


Acreage 


Yield 
per acre 


Pro- 
duction 


Stocks ' 


Supply 


Disappearance 


Average 
price per 




Total 


Exports 2 


Domestic 


pound to 
growers 


Total flue-cured, types 
11-14: 

1965 

1966 


Acres 

562,300 

607,000 

610,260 

533,020 

575,830 


Pounds 
1,883 
1,825 
2,070 
1,841 
1,829 


1,000 
pounds 
1,058,970 
1,107,861 
1,263,159 
981,541 
1,053,323 


1,000 
pounds 
2,555,353 
2,438,835 
2,272,524 
2,301,535 
2,100,113 


1,000 
pounds 
3,614,323 
3,546,696 
3,535,683 
3,283,076 
3,153,436 


1,000 
pounds 
1,175,488 
1,274,172 
3 1,220,970 
3 1,197,067 


1,000 
pounds 
423,116 
587,116 
533,261 
525,285 


1,000 
pounds 
752,372 
687,056 
3 687,709 
3 671,782 


Cents 
64.6 
66.9 


1967 

1968 


64.2 
66.6 


1969 4 


72.4 



See footnotes on page 107. 



104 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 152. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and 
price, by types, United States including Puerto Rico, 1965-69 (farm-sales-weight 
basis) — Continued 



Type and crop year 



Acreage 


Yield 




per acre 


Acres 


Pounds 


30.85C 


1,497 


26,950 


1,772 


22,700 


1,604 


22,790 


1,689 


23,860 


1,740 


7,600 


1,260 


6,000 


1,255 


5,400 


1,290 


4,900 


1,205 


4,900 


1,300 


23,250 


1,574 


20,950 


1,919 


17,300 


1,702 


17,890 


1,822 


18,960 


1,854 


277,100 


2,116 


240,700 


2,437 


237,700 


2,274 


237,550 


2,372 


237,650 


2,450 


33,500 


1,150 


35,000 


1,030 


31,500 


1,030 


30,000 


1,065 


30,000 


1,050 


13,100 


1,566 


12,100 


1,880 


10,700 


1,569 


10,950 


1,757 


11,300 


1,782 


7,500 


1,585 


7,200 


1,976 


6,500 


1,608 


6,750 


1,873 


7,100 


1,873 


3,800 


1,745 


3,500 


2,010 


3,000 


1,675 


3,100 


1,740 


3,100 


1,800 


1,800 


1,105 


1,400 


1,065 


1,200 


1,090 


1,100 


1,095 


1,100 


1,150 


30,700 


1,848 


26,200 


1,701 


23,300 


1,801 


23,050 


1,766 


21,700 


1,880 


27,000 


1,900 


23,000 


1,675 


21,000 


1,825 


21,000 


1,775 


20,000 


1,900 



Pro- 
duction 



Stocks 1 



Supply 



Disappearance 



Total Exports 2 Domestic 



Average 
price per 
pound to 

growers 



Total fire-cured, types 
21-23: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969* 

Virginia fire-cured, type 
21: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Kentucky and Tennes- 
see fired-cured, types 
22-23: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Burley, type 31: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Maryland, type 32: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969* 

Total dark air-cured, 
types 35-37: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 * 

One Sucker, type 35: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Green River, type 36: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 *.. 

Virginia sun-cured, type 
37: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Total continental cigar 
filler, types 41-44: 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 

Pennsylvania Seedleaf 
filler, type 41: 

1965 

1966 

1967 



1,000 
pounds 
46,18 
47,742 
36,417 
38,502 
41,515 



9,576 

7,530 

6, 

5,904 

6,370 



36,604 
40,212 
29,451 
32,598 
35,145 

586,299 
586,672 
540,635 
563,367 
582,150 

38,525 
36,050 
32,445 
31,950 
31,500 



20,511 
22,754 
16,785 
19,240 
20,140 

11,891 
14,228 
10,452 
12,642 
13,295 

6,631 
7,035 
5,025 
5,394 
5,580 



1,989 
1,491 
1,308 
1,204 
1,265 



56,720 
44,557 
41,959 
40,699 
40,805 



51,300 
38,525 
38,325 
37,275 
38,000 



1,000 
pounds 
120,338 
112, 
106,125 
90,541 
82,522 



15,588 
16,893 
14,839 
11,735 
9,851 



104,750 
95, 

91,286 

78, 

72,671 

1,415,710 
1,395,344 
1,381,539 
1,324,105 
1,316,475 

98,932 
99,741 
95,582 
91,981 
75,246 



66,207 
64,950 
64,656 
62,101 
62,857 

39,594 
37,947 
37,352 
36,434 
38,648 

22,294 
22,695 
23,147 
21,744 
20,418 



4,319 
4,308 
4,157 
3,923 
3,791 



146,390 
143,992 
127,811 
121,606 
116,014 



129,420 
127,747 
112,291 
108,696 
105,075 



1,000 
pounds 
166,518 
160,438 
142,542 
129,043 
124,037 



25,164 

24,423 

21,805 

17, 

16,221 



141,354 
136,015 
120,737 
111,404 
107,816 

2,002,009 
1,982,016 
1,922,174 
1,887,472 
1,898,625 

137,457 
135,791 
128,027 
123,931 
106,746 



86,718 
87,704 
81,441 
81,341 
82,997 

51,485 
52,175 
47,804 
49,076 
51,943 

28,925 
29,730 

28,172 
27,138 
25,998 



6,308 
5,799 
5,465 
5,127 
5,056 



203,110 
188,549 
169,770 
162,305 
156,819 



180,720 
166,272 
150,616 
145,971 
143,075 



1,000 
pounds 
53,822 
54,313 
52,001 
46,521 



1,000 
pounds 
32,857 
31,003 
33,785 
24,299 



8,271 
9,584 
10,070 
7,788 



45,551 
44,729 
41,931 
38,733 



600,477 

598, 

570,997 



37,716 
40,209 
36,046 
48,685 



21,768 
23,048 
19,340 
18,484 



13,538 
14,823 
11,370 
10,428 



6,583 
6,428 
6,720 



2,000 
1,642 
1,542 
1,336 



59,118 
60,738 
48,164 
46,291 



52,973 
53,981 
41,920 
40,896 



1,000 
pounds 
20,965 
23,310 
18,216 
22,222 



5,298 
7,339 
6,677 
4,676 



27,559 
23, 

27,108 
19,623 



57,128 
56,388 
53,376 
54,923 



10,972 
16,47 
15,733 
10,351 



3,921 
4,740 
3,317 
2,302 



2,910 
3,310 
2,387 
1,477 



732 

1,044 

579 

579 



1,784 

1,495 

645 

855 



1,784 

1,495 

645 

855 



2,973 
2,245 
3,393 
3,112 



17,992 

21,065 

14,823 

5 19,110 



549,537 
544, 
544,693 
516,074 



5 26,744 
23,730 
20,313 
38,334 



17,847 
18, 
16,023 
16,182 



10, 
11,513 



8,951 



5.498 
5,; 

5,849 
6,141 



1,721 
1,256 
1,191 
1,090 



57,334 
59,243 
47,519 
45,436 



51,189 
52,486 
41,275 
40,041 



See footnotes on page 107. 



TOBACCO 



105 



Table 152. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and 
price, by types, United States including Puerto Rico, 1965-69 (farm-sales-weight 
basis) — Continued 



Type and crop year 


Acreage 


Yield 
per acre 


Pro- 
duction 


Stocks J 


Supply 


Disappearance 


Average 


Total 


Exports 2 


Domestic 


pound to 
growers 


Miami Valley (Ohio) 
filler, types 42-44: 
1965 


Acres 
3,700 
3,200 
2,300 
2,050 
1,700 

17,000 
9,000 
7,600 
5,950 
5,125 

13,500 
11,120 
9,780 
9,260 
9,010 

1,900 
1,300 
1,100 
1,200 
1,200 

700 
520 
380 
360 
410 

4,700 
3,900 
3,800 
3,700 
3,700 

6,200 
5,400 
4,500 
4,000 
3,700 

15,600 
14,600 
13,600 
13,450 
11,050 

9,300 
8,800 
8,500 
8,400 
6,100 

6,300 
5,800 
5,100 
5,050 
4,950 

993,900 
982,900 
967,370 
886,230 
925,765 


Pounds 
1,465 
1,885 
1,580 
1,670 
1,650 

951 
1,338 
1,419 
1,282 
1,600 

1,793 
1,804 
1,924 
1,817 
1,834 

1,830 
2,075 
1,785 
1,735 
1,850 

2,125 
2,200 
1,915 
1,950 
1,950 

1,805 

1,895 
1,905 
1,990 
1,900 

1,735 
1,635 
1,975 
1,670 
1,750 

1,468 
1,440 
1,292 
1,343 
1,495 

1,567 
1,555 
1,124 
1,215 
1,435 

1,321 
1,265 
1,573 
1,556 
1,569 

1,882 
1,932 
2,045 
1,939 
1,956 


1,000 
pounds 
5,420 
6,032 
3,634 
3,424 
2,805 

16,174 
12,038 
10,786 
7,626 
8,200 

24,206 
20,061 
18,819 
16,827 
16,525 

3,477 
2,698 
1,964 
2,082 
2,220 

1,488 

1,144 

728 

702 

800 

8,484 
7,390 
7,239 
7,363 
7,030 

10,757 
8,829 
8,888 
6,680 
6,475 

22,898 
21,018 
17,577 
18,068 
16,521 

14,576 
13,682 
9,553 
10,210 

8,755 

8,322 
7,336 
8.024 
7,858 
7,766 

1,870,742 
1,898,857 
1,978,697 
1,717,988 
1,810,811 


1,000 
pounds 
16,970 
16,245 
15,520 
12,910 
10,939 

62,634 
51,784 
40,467 
34,350 

25,824 

70,759 
69,908 
66,420 
59,989 
49,251 

14,679 
13,909 
11,846 
8,462 
6,232 

6,591 
5,412 
4,543 
2,751 
2,701 

22,672 
22,423 
20,701 
19,869 
19,591 

26,817 
28,164 
29,330 
28,907 
20,727 

21,557 
24,468 
24,697 
22,783 
21,347 

14,258 
16,283 
16,012 
12,721 
12,142 

7,299 
8,185 
8,685 
10,062 
9,205 

4,558,677 
4,402,546 
4,180,566 
4,109,627 
3,850,210 


1,000 
pounds 
22,390 
22,277 
19,154 
16,334 
13,744 

78,808 
63,822 
51,253 
41,976 
34,024 

94,965 
89,969 
85,239 
76,816 
65,776 

18,156 
16,607 
13,810 
10,544 
8,452 

8,079 
6,556 
5,271 
3,453 
3,501 

31,156 

29,813 
27,940 
27,232 
26,621 

37,574 
36,993 
38,218 
35,587 
27,202 

44,455 
45,486 
42,274 
40,851 
37,868 

28,834 
29,965 
25,565 
22,931 
20,897 

15,621 
15,521 
16,709 
17,920 
16,971 

6,429,419 
6,301,403 
6,159,263 
5,827,615 
5,661,021 


1,000 
pounds 
6,145 
6,757 
6,244 
5,395 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
6,145 
6,757 
6,244 
5,395 


Cents 
26 2 


1966 




28 


1967 




29 


1968 




31 


1969 4 




32 5 


Puerto Rican filler, type 
46: fi 
1965 


27,024 
23,355 
16,903 
16,152 




27,024 
23,355 
16,903 
16,152 


32 1 


1966., 




31 3 


1967 




33 1 


1968. . . 




33 3 


1969 4 






Total cigar binder, types 
51-55: 
1965 


25,057 
23,549 
25,250 
27,565 


2,451 

1,899 

2,555 

753 


22,606 
21,650 
22,695 
26,812 


32.7 


1966 


36 7 


1967 


37 1 


1968.... 


41 


1969 4 


44 


Connecticut Valley 
Broadleaf, type 51: 
1965 


4,247 
4,761 
5,248 
4,312 






46 5 


1966 






52.0 


1967 






55 


1968 






60.0 


1969 4 






59 


vana Seed, type 52: 
1965 


2,667 

2,013 

2,520 

752 






44 5 


1966 






49.5 


1967 






53 


1968 






58 


1969 4 






56 


Southern Wisconsin, 
type 54: 
1965 


8,733 
9,112 
8,071 
7,641 






29 7 


1966 






34.3 


1967 






34.4 


1968 






36 8 


1969 4 






40.2 


type 55: 
1965 


9,410 
7,663 
9,311 
14,860 






28 9 


1966 






32 4 


1967 






34.1 


1968 






37 9 


1969 4 






42 5 


Total cigar wrapper, 
types 61-62: 
1965 


19,987 
20,789 
19,491 
19,504 


5,116 
4,226 
4,935 
3,868 


14,871 
16,563 
14,556 
15,636 


241 


1966 


257 


1967 


308 


1968 


275 7 


1969 4 


336 2 


Connecticut Valley 

shadegrown, type 61: 
1965 


12,551 
13,953 
12,844 
10,789 


3,262 
3,483 
3,287 
1,729 


9,289 
10,470 
9,557 
9,060 


250 


1966 


295 


1967 


360 


1968 


280 


1969 4 


390.0 


Georgia-Florida shade- 
grown, type 62: 
1965 


7,436 
6,836 
6,647 
8,715 


1,854 

743 

1,648 

2,139 


5,582 
6,093 
4,999 
6,576 


225 


1966 


185 


1967 


245 


1968 


270 


1969 4 


280 


Total tobacco, types 
11-72: 7 
1965 


2,026,873 
2,120,837 
2,036,458 
1,991,509 


537,708 
703,599 
647,793 
622,795 


1,489,165 
1,417,238 
1,388,665 
1,368,714 


64.8 


1966 


66 2 


1967 


66.7 


1968 


69 5 


1969 4 


71.8 













See footnotes on page 107. 



106 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 153. — Tobacco: Stocks owned by dealers and manufacturers, by types, United 
States, 1966-70 (farm-sales-weight basis) 1 



Type and year 



Flue-cured, 
types 
11-14: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Virginia fire- 
cured, 
type 21: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Kentucky and 
Tennessee 
fire-cured, 
type 22: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Kentucky and 
Tennessee 
fire-cured, 
type 23: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Burley, type 
31: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Maryland; 
type 32: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

One Sucker, 
type 35: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Green River, 
type 36: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Virginia sun- 
cured, 
type 37: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Pennsylvania 
Seedleaf, 
type 41 : 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 



Jan. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
,941,996 
,819,584 
,843,634 
,611,821 
,461,331 



17,956 
16,251 
14,568 
13,343 
9,754 



69,093 
66,894 
62,946 
56,923 
48,553 



18,334 
19,617 
17,458 
13,734 
11,262 



Apr. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
2,679,523 
2,574,347 
2,588,334 
2,387,964 



21,050 
17,861 
16,489 
14,317 



88,047 
84,177 
80,774 
75,244 



26,436 
25,946 
21,484 
16,596 



676,315 1,694,728 
570,039 1,676,788 
665,768 1,625,801 
606,885 1,607,897 
588,174 



90,146 
89,683 
86,276 
81,520 
66,665 



39,687 
38,301 
38,376 
38,411 
39,715 



23,242 
23,249 
23,078 
21,815 
20,057 



4,613 
4,614 
4,461 
4,341 
3,821 



112,423 
112,276 
100,298 
96,573 
91,780 



81,474 
82,215 
78,560 
69,959 



44,353 

44,263 
41,781 
44,846 



25,237 
26,298 
24,516 
23,672 



5,280 
5,004 
4,771 
4,535 



142,760 
138,280 
129,836 
122,254 



July 1 



1,000 
pounds 
2,438,835 
2,272,524 
2,301,535 
2,100,113 



19,129 
16,525 
14,462 
12,231 



82,064 
78,128 
71,878 
65,218 



24,049 
22,875 
18,673 
15,023 



1,562,890 
1,526,145 
1,480,082 
1,462,720 



108,206 
103,963 
97,135 
83,700 



42,328 
40,401 
39,074 
40,682 



23,753 
24,329 
23,029 
21,796 



4,854 
4,657 
4,385 
4,209 



137,122 
123,246 
120,025 
115,218 



Oct. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
,736,413 
,620,959 
,627,902 
,492,552 



16,893 
14,839 
11,735 
9,851 



74,319 
71,430 
63,225 
58,929 



21,484 
19,856 
15,581 
13,742 



395,344 
381,539 
324,105 
316,475 



99,741 
95,582 
91,981 
75,246 



37,947 
37,352 
36,434 
38,648 



22,695 
23,147 
21,744 
20,418 



4,308 
4,157 
3,923 
3,791 



127,747 
112,291 



105,075 



Type and year 



Miami Vallev 
(Ohio) filler 
types 
42-44: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Puerto Rican 
filler, 
type 46: 2 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Connecticut 
Valley 
Broadleaf, 
type 51: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Connecticut 
Valley 
Havana 
Seed, type 
52: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Southern 

Wisconsin, 
type 54: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Northern 

Wisconsin, 
type 55: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970.. 

Connecticut 
Valley 
shadegrown 
type 61: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Georgia and 
Florida 
shadegrown, 
type 62: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

Perique, type 
72: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 



Jan. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
15,380 
15,549 
14,177 
11,417 
9,600 



56,391 
48,252 
37,144 
29.548 
23,244 



13,666 

13,991 

9,019 

7,011 

6,080 



7,396 
6,018 
4,678 
2,746 
3,014 



20,066 
20,376 
18,468 
18,709 
17,579 



24,956 
27,349 
29,089 
24,586 
19,376 



19,555 
20,690 
19,897 
17,145 
15,590 



10,943 
10,116 
11,651 
9,666 
10,250 



55 'J 



Apr. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
19,244 
18,201 
15,322 
13,674 



59,293 
50,313 
36,559 
30,159 



15,797 

14,335 

11,293 

7,950 



6,571 
5,472 
4,229 
3,058 



26.390 
25,500 
23,515 
23,489 



32,749 
32,354 
34,020 
27,064 



18,825 
17,955 
15,862 
16,039 



11,125 

8,642 



1,027 
871 
754 



July 1 



1,000 
pounds 
17,723 
17,812 
14,476 
11,954 



59,560 
50,640 
38,593 
31,051 



14,738 

13,954 

9,506 

6,986 



5,885 
4,829 
2,930 
2,848 



24,103 
22,976 
21,905 
21,833 



30,032 
30,735 
31,457 
24,069 



16,283 
16,012 
12,721 
12,142 



8,185 
8,685 
8,799 
7,523 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS 



107 



Table 153.- 



-Tobacco: Stocks owned by dealers and manufacturers, by types, United 
States, 1966-70 (farm-sales-weight basis) 1 — Continued 



Type and year 



Foreign-grown 
cigar-leaf, 
types 
81-89: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 



Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


Julyl 


Oct. 1 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


126,470 


122,747 


113,726 


106,549 


96,224 


91,065 


91,710 


84,871 


77,896 


83,122 


97,865 


90,918 


90,948 


93,898 


93,228 


96,075 


94,807 















Type and year 



Foreign-grown 
cigarette 
and smok- 
ing tobacco 
type 90: 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 



Jan. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
289,255 
328,516 
403,337 
416,477 
412,221 



Apr. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
352,963 
392,043 
459,448 
408,160 



Julyl 



1,000 
pounds 
365,028 
404,522 
441,833 
451,246 



Oct. 1 



1,000 
pounds 
324,582 
372,149 
452,542 
423,025 



1 Stocks shown have been converted to a farm-sales-weight basis — the equivalent of weight at the time of sale 
by growers — thereby making these data of leaf-tobacco stocks comparable with data of leaf-tobacco production. 

2 Stocks on the Island of Puerto Rico are included. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



Table 154. — Tobacco products: Cigars, cigarettes, chewing and smoking tobacco, and 
snuff, manufactured in the United States, 1960-69 





Cigars 


Cigarettes 


Chewing tobacco 


Smok- 
ing 
tobacco 


Snuff 


Total 


Year 


Large, 
weighing 
more 
than 3 
pounds 

per 
1.000 1 


Small, 
weighing 
not more 

than 3 

pounds 
per 

1,000 


Large, 
weighing 
more 
than 3 
pounds 
per 
1,000 


Small, 
weighing 
not more 

than 3 . 

pounds 
per 

1.000 2 


Plug 


Twist 


Fine- 
cut 


Scrap 


chew- 
ing, 

smok- 
ing, 
and 

snuff 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 4 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


Millions 
6,991 
6,642 
6,683 
6,716 
8,737 
7,899 
7,165 
6,859 
7,184 
6,937 


Millions 
149 
158 
164 
281 
974 
441 
445 
434 
523 
743 


Millions 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 
1.0 
1.0 


Millions 
506,944 
528,332 
535,496 
550,558 
539,908 
556,896 
567,264 
576,183 
579,493 
557,647 


1,000 
pounds 
26,408 
26,024 
25,990 
24,948 
25,852 
24,651 
24,285 
23,741 
22,926 
23,349 


1,000 
pounds 
3,419 
3,268 
2,903 
2,935 
2,813 
2,850 
2,739 
2,572 
2,567 
2,466 


1,000 
pounds 
3,072 
3,200 
3,255 
3,343 
3,523 
3,710 
3,916 
4,065 
4,268 
4,480 


1,000 
pounds 
31,972 
32,747 
32,541 
34,007 
34,013 
33,918 
34,256 
34,028 
35,666 
39,494 


1,000 
pounds 
73,839 
74,152 
70,935 
70,447 
82,437 
71,782 
67,347 
64,766 
66,275 
63,865 


1,000 
pounds 
34,599 
33,759 
33,170 
31,844 
31,443 
29,710 
29,501 
29,323 
27,057 
27,585 


1,000 

pounds 

173,309 

173,150 

168,794 

167,524 

180,081 

166,621 

162,044 

158,495 

158,759 

161,239 



1 Cigars produced in bonded manufacturing warehouses are included. 

2 "King size" cigarettes included in this category. 

3 Less than 500,000. 

4 Excise tax on chewing and smoking tobacco and snuff discontinued after 1965. Data now reported by Con- 
sumer and Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and are not strictly comparable with prior year. 

5 Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from reports of the Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Treasury 
Department. Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 157. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 152 

1 July 1 for flue-cured types 11-14 and cigar types 61 and 62; Oct. 1 for all other types. 

2 Farm-sales weight of exports is subject to revision. Exports by rehandling trade included in totals of types 
from which they are made. Exports and domestic use not separately available for individual types 51, 52, 54, 
and 55. 

3 Domestic disappearance adjusted for 1967 tobacco still on farms at end of marketing year. 

4 Preliminary. 

5 Includes fire loss of an estimated 4.7 and 2.0 million pounds, respectively. 

6 Puerto Rican crop planted in the fall of the year shown and harvested the following spring. 

7 Includes Perique. 

Economic Research Service. Basic export data from the official reports of the Department of Commerce. 
Data for 1954-64 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 154. 



108 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO.. 1970 



Table 155. — Tobacco products: Consumption, total and per capita (18 years of age 
and orer) in the United States, 1954-69 x 



Year 


Cigarettes 


Cigars 2 


Smoking; chewing, 
and snuff s 


All tobacco products ' 




Total 


Per capita : Total 


Per capita Total '' Per capita 


Total Per capita 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Billions 
387 
396 
406 
422 
449 
467 
484 
503 
508 
524 
511 
529 
541 
549 
546 
529 


X umber 
3.546 
3,597 
3,650 
3.755 
3.953 
4.073 
4,171 
4,266 
4,265 
4,345 
4.194 
4.258 
4,287 
4.280 
4.186 
3,993 


BiUions 
6.0 
6.1 
6.0 
6.2 
6.5 
7.0 
7.1 
7.0 
7.1 
7.3 
9.1 
8.6 
8.3 
8.1 
7.9 
8.0 


X umber 
55 
55 
54 
55 
57 
61 
61 
60 
59 
60 
75 
70 
66 
63 
61 
60 


Million 

pounds 
134 
135 

125 

121 
121 
117 
115 
116 
113 
111 
120 
110 
108 
107 
108 
110 


Pourds 
1.23 
1.22 

1.12 

1.07 

1.07 

1.02 

.99 

.98 

.95 

.92 

.99 

.88 

.86 

.83 

.S3 

.S3 


Million 
pounds 
1.322 
1.322 
1.298 
1.287 
L332 
1,346 
1,372 
1,414 
1,407 
1.421 
1,406 
1.429 
1.404 
1.385 
1,380 
1,338 


Pounds 

12.12 
11.99 
11.65 

11.44 
11.73 
11.73 
11.82 
12.00 
11.80 
11.78 
11.53 
11.51 
11.12 
10.79 
10.59 
10.10 



1 Includes Alaska. Hawaii, and consumption by overseas forces. 

2 Weighing over 3 pounds per 1.000. 

5 Unstemmed-processing weight equivalent. 
4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. No adjustments made for quantities lost, destroyed, bartered, etc., under war 
and postwar conditions, but such adjustments probably would be small in relation to totals. Data for 1949-53 
in Agricultural Statistics. 1967, table 158. 



Table 156.- 



-Cigarettes and cigars: Total output, domestic consumption, tax-exempt 
removals, and exports, United States, 1960—69 





Cigarettes 


Cigars' 


Year 


Total 

output 


Domestic 
consump- 


Tax-exempt removals 2 


Domestic 
Total consump- 
output 4 tion ■ 


Tax-exempt removals 2 




tion 1 


Total 


Exports 


Total | Exports 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 s 


BiUions 
506.9 
52S.3 
535.5 
550.6 
539.9 
556.8 
567.3 
576.2 
579.5 
557.6 


BiUions 

470.1 
4SS.1 
494.5 
509.6 
497.4 
511.5 
522.5 
527. S 
523.0 
510.5 


Billions 
37.0 
39.6 

41.1 
41.1 
42.6 
44.2 
46.1 
49.0 
53.8 
47.1 


BiUions 
20.2 
22.2 
24.1 
23.6 
25.1 
23.1 
23.4 
23.7 
26.5 
25.0 


Millions 
7,187 

6.998 
7,269 
7,344 
9,566 
8,841 
8.243 
8.061 
8.235 
8,025 


MiUions 

6.958 
6.936 
6.950 
7,171 
8.959 
8,513 
8,175 
7.972 
7,827 
7,841 


MiUions 
105 
US 
126 
143 
193 
180 
193 
197 
169 
169 


MiUions 

11 
16 
19 
33 
44 
55 
73 
76 
66 
65 



1 As indicated by taxable removals and imports. 

r In addition to exports, tax-exempt removals include principally shipments to forces overseas, to United 
States possessions, and ships' stores. 

5 Includes cigarillos but excludes small (approximately cigarette-size) cigars. 

4 Includes cigars shipped to mainland United States from Puerto Rico. 

5 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from annual and monthly reports of the Internal Revenue Service, 
U.S. Treasury Department, and the Commerce Department. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 
table 159. 



TOBACCO 109 

Table 157. — Tobacco: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 * 





Flue-cured, types 11-14 


Burley, type 31 


Year 


Support 

price 

per 

pound 


Season 

average 

price 

per pound 
received 

by farmers 


Put under support 2 


Support 

price 

per 

pound 


Season 

average 

price 

per pound 

received 

by farmers 


Put under support 2 




Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


Quantity 


Percentage 

of 
production 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 


Cents 
55.5 
55.5 
56.1 
56.6 
57.2 
57.7 
58.8 
59.9 
61.6 
63.8 
66.6 


Cents 
60.4 
64.3 

j 60.1 
58.0 
58.5 
64.6 
66.9 
64.2 
66.6 
'72.4 


Million 

pounds 

52 

70 

237 

277 

286 

71 

75 

282 

128 

97 


Percent 

4.1 

5.6 

16.8 

20.2 

20.7 

6.8 

6.7 

22.6 

12.9 

9.2 


Cents 
57.2 
57.2 
57.8 
58.3 
58.9 
59.5 
60.6 
61.8 
63.5 
65.8 
68.6 


Cents 
64.3 
66.5 
58.6 
59.2 
60.3 
67.0 
66.9 
71.8 
73.7 
3 69.6 


Million 
pounds 
8 

10 
64 
202 
110 
42 
63 
64 
56. 
155 


Percent 

1.7 
1.8 
9.4 
26.8 
17.8 
7.2 
10.6 
11.9 
10.0 
26.7 

















1 This table does not show support operations for all tobacco. Only burley and flue-cured are shown because 
they are substantially more important in the total tobacco picture than other types which are also supported. 

2 Title to the tobacco obtained under the price-support program is retained in most cases by the Producers' 
Cooperative Association handling price-support loans. 

3 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 
table 156. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



110 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 158. — Tobacco, unmanufactured: International trade, average 1960-64, annual 

1967 and 1968 





Average 1960-64 


1967 J 


1968 » 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


North America: 


1,000 

pounds 

43,135 

497,190 

25 

37 

86 

3,650 

12,604 


1,000 

pounds 

2,769 

165,081 

125 

3,708 

496 

103 

5,894 

500 


1,000 

pounds 

42,909 

571,561 

275 

382 

735 

5,293 

15,601 

778 

30,000 

44,076 

1,021 


1,000 

pounds 

6,503 

197,109 

188 

4,062 

197 

202 

1,323 

697 


1,000 

pounds 

47,377 

598,800 

110 

300 

500 

5,000 

9,899 

584 

30,000 

33,733 

1,400 

2 


1,000 

pounds 
3,926 


United States 


221,471 




175 


El Salvador 


4,000 




200 




200 




1,401 




567 


Cuba 


39,434 

42,941 

491 






116 
1,827 
1,785 


2,108 
2,210 
1,429 


1,861 




2,200 




1,415 










Total 


639,593 


182,404 


712,631 


216,028 


727,705 


237,416 






South America: 


17,709 
99,979 


1,302 

14 

746 

2,032 

10 

2 

"'l97' 
8,708 
1,327 


23,452 
99,921 


1,021 

10 

655 

4,824 

3 

5 

4,012 

294 

9,275 

248 


30,467 
84,932 


2,025 




10 




700 


Chile 








2,939 




23,027 

2 20,553 

217 


26,333 
2 25,490 

1 


23,148 

2 33,084 

551 






2 


Peru 


4,409 




300 










6,691 




153 


252 


13 


88 






Total 


161,638 


14,338 


175,449 


20,347 


172,195 


17,164 






Europe: 


1,040 

3,830 
3 606 
5,950 
2,169 
135,648 


21,766 

64,742 
29,641 
85,698 

253,968 
4 
14,609 
45,100 
91,317 
13,291 
13,378 
56,019 
24,295 
35,339 

325,514 

814 

14,416 

10,476 


406 

2,390 

3 739 

1,737 

12,365 

178,041 


25,790 
82,264 
38,308 
121,621 
333,799 


479 

4,560 

3 589 

2,110 

10,388 

154,777 


30,869 




66,517 




40,715 




105,318 




306,194 




207 




13,255 
22,727 

103,202 
11,940 
13,753 
74,127 
24,418 
43,575 

279,573 

600 

17,402 

647 


17,870 


Italy 


28,778 

3 5,668 

3 302 

M 

34 

60 

124 

3 3,570 


14,832 

3 11,036 

3 562 


15,507 

3 14,136 

3 483 


13,482 




101,830 


Norway 

Portugal 


16,678 
21,128 






66,557 




216 

31 

3 2,990 


79 

28 

3 3,600 


22,998 




47,245 




328,431 


Malta 


700 




3 4 
39,550 


3 23 
42,413 




13,554 




32,555 


134 






Total 


227,334 


1,100,387 


267,781 


1,207,001 


239,291 


1,200,427 


Africa: 


7,489 

408 

106 

75 

2,389 

2,318 

2 

744 

24 

5 

7,901 

1,854 

30 

26,042 

178,730 

17,623 


12,415 

8,318 

5,762 

26,690 

465 

2,021 

14,229 

2,016 

4,988 

2,632 

1,698 

996 

4,456 

52 


3,054 


7,831 

10,231 

3,953 

30,128 

527 

2,000 

30,322 

700 

8,233 

2,584 

1,091 

584 

2,018 

8,849 

8,100 


2,000 


8,000 




9,636 




441 


441 


5,500 




30,000 


Angola. . , 

Cameroon 


5,750 
3,500 

657 
1,000 

187 


6,000 
3,500 

700 
1,000 

100 


500 
2,000 
30,000 




700 




8,000 




3,600 




4,835 
2,703 
567 
32,614 
67,600 
9,707 


5,500 

3,000 

408 

35,506 

56,600 

7,808 


1,012 


Mozambique 

Nigeria 


500 

915 

7,156 












2,061 
4,634 


2,734 

20,482 


2,000 


South Africa, Republic of 


14,208 


19,935 


22,113 


2,810 


Total 


259,948 


93,433 


152,550 


140,367 


144,676 


112,329 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TOBACCO 



111 



Table 158. — Tobacco, unmanufactured: International trade, average 1960-64, annual 

1967 and 1968— Continued 





Average 1960-64 


1967 ! 


1968 » 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Asia: 


1,000 

pounds 

3 5,239 

1,631 

3,744 

147,444 

1,458 

627 


1,000 

pounds 
8,920 
1,280 
564 


1,000 

pounds 

3 2,952 

1,245 

9,296 

202,317 

3,100 

23,913 


1,000 

pounds 
8,076 
1,236 
1,429 


1,000 

pounds 

3 3,000 

2,000 

7,211 

173,202 

2,000 

21,120 

1,300 

6,863 

3 377 

114,812 

35,000 

14,875 

3 '3^018 

9,000 
94,015 
22,992 


1,000 
pounds 
8,000 




1,500 




1,444 


Turkey 






424 

1 
1,049 
2,680 
2,705 

16,182 
1,682 
1,796 

35,374 
934 

19,302 
1,820 
1,879 
9,214 
5,686 


800 

174 

600 

305 

13,837 

15,348 

1,544 


800 


Korea, Republic of 


200 
600 




169 

4,467 

3 553 

129,381 

34,816 

14,588 


942 

6,279 

3 731 

122,880 

35,000 

12,982 


275 




3,624 




10,200 




727 






Japan 


65,277 
2,000 

19,628 
2,000 
5,373 

20,523 

11,557 


60,082 
2,000 


West Malaysia and Singapore 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Thailand 


3 4,434 

240 

46,305 

6,785 
62 


3 2,388 

8,000 

50,073 

18,875 


57,853 

2,000 

7,436 

29,959 

11,000 










Total 


401,943 


111,492 


500,973 


169.707 


510,785 


197,700 


Oceania: 


234 

65 


29,276 
5,649 


858 
100 


23,345 
6,578 


815 
100 


27,900 
7,000 






Total 


299 


34,925 


958 


29,923 


915 


34,900 






World total 


1,690,755 


1,536,979 


1,810,342 


1,783.373 


1,795,567 


1,799,936 







Preliminary. 



2 Inchides manufactured. 



Re-exports. 



Formerly Aden. 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 159.- 



-Tobacco, unmanufactured: United States imports for consumption, by 
country of origin, average 1960-64, annual 1968 anq! 1969 



Classification and 
country of origin 



Cigarette leaf: 

Greece 

Italy 

Yugoslavia 

Cyprus 

Syria 

Lebanon 

Turkey 

Other countries . . 

Total 

Cigar filler: 
Unstemmed: 

Cuba 

Philippines 
Other countries 
Stemmed: 

Cuba 

Philippines . . . 
Other countries 

Total 



Average 


1968 


1969 l 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


31,707 


41,377 


29,231 


1,661 


57 


121 


7,810 


16,029 


14,627 


811 


471 


31? 


595 


383 


217 


1,839 


2,953 


3,179 


78,427 


98,097 


94,210 


1,019 


5,314 


5,909 


123,869 


164,681 


147,812 


2,917 


72 




90 


15a 


101 


1,438 


2,792 


2,224 


3,317 


174 


102 


369 






522 


2,368 


2,355 


8,653 


5,556 


4,782 



Classification and 
country of origin 



Cigar wrapper: 

Cuba 

Honduras 

Indonesia 

Other countries 

Total 

Scrap: 

Canada 

Cuba 

Dominican Republ: 

Colombia 

Philippines 

Other countries 

Total 

Stems: 

Cuba 

Ireland 

United Kingdom . . 
Other countries 

Total 

Grand total... . 



Average 
1960-64 



1,000 

pounds 

412 

10 

5 

29 



456 



266 
7,653 
3,822 
3,611 
11,472 
4,736 



31,560 



543 



165,081 



1968 



1,000 
pounds 



488 
229 
,125 
,793 
,089 
109 



48,833 



1,593 



221,471 



1,000 
pounds 



216 

11 

562 



789 



902 

110 

5,622 

4,654 

22,789 

21,163 



55,240 



54 
75 
963 



209,715 



1 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. 



Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



112 



COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO, 1970 



Table 160. — Tobacco, unmanufactured: United States exports (domestic), by country 
of destination, total and by types, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Type and country 
of destination 



Total unmanufactured: 

Canada 

Mexico 

Chile 

Uruguay 

Austria 

Belgium and 

Luxembourg 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Portugal 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Finland 

Germany, East 

Canary Islands 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Ghana 

Nigeria 

South Africa, Republic of 
United Arab Republic . . . 

Western Africa 2 

Cambodia 

Laos 

Vietnam, South 

Ceylon 

China (Taiwan) 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Japan 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Thailand 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Other countries 

Total 

Flue-cured: 

Canada 

Mexico 

Uruguay 

Austria 

Belgium and 

Luxembourg 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Portugal 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Finland 

Nigeria 

United Arab Republic 

Cambodia 

Laos 

Vietnam, South 

Ceylon 

China (Taiwan) 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 
■pounds 
1,405 
5,155 
1,365 
1,708 
3,647 

17,379 

13,272 

5,953 

79,164 

14,851 

11,326 

32,198 

7,655 

7,338 

1,651 

16,621 

12,971 

138,082 

7,273 

900 

1,017 

2,609 

1,361 

2,629 

98 

11,452 

453 

278 

204 

5,930 

474 

2,683 

B.463 

1,403 

1,415 

26,080 

1,725 

1,800 

9,212 

17,222 

4,454 

18,313 



4v7 



591 

,S2c 
,474 

,740 

,453 

,4"-: 

,546 
,300 

,402 
. 063 
,23? 
,799 
,249 

,134 
,546 
,775 

,559 
711 
,855 
227 
199 

.002 

474 
,653 
,504 
,382 
,291 



1,000 
pounds 
3,180 

569 
1,836 

758 
3,475 

20,130 

19,212 

6.876 

88,635 

15,026 

5,016 

44,034 

9,651 

4,645 

5,532 

16,914 

24,829 

146,697 

5,525 

1,350 

814 

2,561 

3,740 

869 

221 

555 

1,142 

11 

129 

10,439 

359 

6,335 

5,624 

407 

724 

48,762 

1,990 

7,933 

28,859 

19,713 

5,938 

27.755 



1,441 
569 
624 

2,405 

15,278 

12,898 

3,795 

73,521 

13,110 

3,122 

30,011 

5,849 

1,804 

3,922 

6,205 

9,720 

112,194 

3,983 

376 

555 

11 

120 

8,709 

359 

6,333 

3,830 

394 

724 



1,000 

pounds 

1,797 

1,058 
3,604 

17,442 

19,113 

8,628 

101,794 

10,501 

19,546 

33,564 

7,174 

6,333 

4,128 

13,900 

26,352 

134,198 

5,886 

1,304 

473 

2,452 

306 

395 



2,582 

505 

92 

219 

10,809 

257 

9,049 

4,204 

451 

1,050 

10,935 



10,137 

24,260 

20,169 

2,461 

27.9l'> 



577,236 



4S2 



924 
2,952 

12,685 

13,502 

2,642 

79,759 

8,838 

11,642 

18,917 

4,351 

2,381 

3,305 

6,778 

12.987 

111,388 

3,434 

286 

2,429 

92 

219 

8,900 

257 

8,770 

3,230 

446 

1,049 



Type and country 
of destination 



Flue-cured — Continued 

Japan 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Thailand 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Other countries 

Total 

Burley: 

Mexico 

Austria 

Belgium and 

Luxembourg 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, West 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Portugal 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Finland 

Hong Kong 

Philippines 

United Arab Republic 

Australia 

Other countries 

Total 

Dark-fired Kentucky- 
Tennessee: 

Belgium and 
Luxembourg 

Denmark ... 

France 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Portugal 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Canary Islands 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Ghana 

United Arab Republic 

Cambodia 

Japan 

Vietnam, South 

Indonesia 

Other countries 

Total 

Black Fat: 

Ghana 

Nigeria 

Western Africa 2 

Other countries . 

Total 

Dark-fired Virginia and 
sun-cured: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Germany, West 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 
pounds 
25,970 
3,724 
1,716 
1,276 

16,323 
4,262 

12,273 



397,181 



645 

904 
1,379 

546 
9,662 
4,027 
2,129 

774 
2,816 
4,483 

703 

182 
1,530 

918 

511 
2,419 

601 
4,089 



41,554 



190 

955 

14 

176 

51 

10 

432 

103 

,312 



19,224 



1,061 

1,917 

409 

673 



4,000 



16 
517 



1968 



1,000 

pounds 

41,925 

6,108 

1,967 

5,648 

24.120 

16,539 

5,209 

20,160 



443.55^ 



797 

1,746 

3,164 

620 

8,311 
1 , <0- > 
2,647 

875 
1,544 
4,926 
2,908 

106 
1,158 
1,557 
2,211 



964 



42/ 



1,678 
332 

1,473 

552 

132 

4 

9,422 
184 



1,440 

1,849 

50 

68 

1,431 

676 



1,140 



20.520 



944 
1,096 



2,548 



44 

576 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TOBACCO 



113 



Table 160. — Tobacco, unmanufactured: United States exports (domestic), by country 
of destination, total and by types, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 — Con. 



Type and country 
of destination 



Dark-fired Virginia and 
sun-cured — Continued 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

Switzerland , 

United Kingdom 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Other countries 

Total 

Maryland: 
Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

France 

Germany, West 

Netherlands 

Portugal 

Spain 

Switzerland 

Vietnam, South 

Tunisia 

Other countries 

Total 

One sucker: 
Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

France 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Other countries 

Total 

Green River: 
Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Ireland 

United Kingdom 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Other countries 

Total 

Cigar wrapper: 

Canada 

Brazil 

Venezuela 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 

Germany, West 

Netherlands 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Germany, East 

Canary Islands 

Other countries 

Total 

Cigar binder: 

Canada 



Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 1 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


123 


139 


123 


1,744 


2,439 


1,843 


483 


315 


400 


243 


169 


209 


1,085 


575 


517 


93 


80 


15 


44 






368 


614 


587 


4,842 


5,002 


4,383 


1,004 


843 


1,435 


349 






575 


i.oii 


2,172 


922 


120 


73 


1,138 


1,095 


1,250 


155 


386 


221 


6,595 


9,355 


4,918 


135 


35 




219 






272 


441 


346 


11,364 


13,786 


10,415 


347 


311 


106 


10 

78 






87 


115 


117 


644 


214 


552 


1,042 


435 


106 


32 




9 


25 


4 


282 


179 


146 


208 


78 


127 


149 


204 


163 


754 


518 


440 


567 


579 


451 


19 


10 


5 


18 


14 


7 


55 


160 


79 


28 




7 


2,018 


1,530 


835 


162 


35 




67 






49 


191 


50 


244 


655 


127 


610 


199 


43 


342 


579 


298 


261 


613 


320 


4,440 


4,565 


2,222 


8 


34 


2 



Type and country 
of destination 



Cigar binder — Continued 
Dominican Republic . . . 

Venezuela 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 

Germany, West 

Netherlands 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Germany, East 

Canary Islands. 

Other countries 



Total . 



Cigar filler: 

Canada 

France , 

Sweden 

United Kingdom . 
New Zealand . . . 
Vietnam, South. 
Other countries. . 



Total . 



Perique: 

Canada 

Norway 

Denmark 

Germany, West. . 
United Kingdom . 

Australia 

Other countries . . 



Total . 



Trimmings, stems, and 
scrap: 

Canada 

Mexico 

Uruguay 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Canary Islands 

Morocco 

Hong Kong 

Japan 

Jordan 

Australia 

Other countries 



Total. 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 

pounds 

45 

27 

109 

51 

467 

18 

370 

5 

16 

155 

228 

124 



1,623 



3P5 



170 



255 
26 
12 
20 

120 

895 

62 

174 

649 

36 

81 

1,574 

150 

6,291 

112 

180 

8 

83 

194 

5 

133 

11,060 



1,000 

pounds 

21 

5 



26 

404 

270 

1,224 



2,152 



302 



607 



206 



722 



192 

27 
2,679 
2,067 
1,750 
1,302 



4,028 

631 

32,897 



165 
,785 



1,887 
5,948 



,514 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Not elsewhere classified. 

3 Less than 500 pounds. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



CHAPTER III 
STATISTICS OF OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS 

This chapter includes information on cottonseed, flaxseed, olive oil, peanuts, soy- 
Deans, tung nuts, margarine, and fats and oils. Most butter statistics are included in 
the chapter on dairy and poultry statistics. Lard data are mostly in the chapter on 
livestock. 

A table on sales of soap and synthetic detergents was substituted for the table on 
supply and disposition of soap and detergents as data for updating are not avail- 
able. 

Table 161. — Cottonseed: Cotton acreage, cottonseed yield, production, farm disposi- 
tion, season average price per ton received by farmers, and value, United States, 
1954-69 





Harvested 
acreage 
of cotton 






Cottonseed 






Year 


Yield of 

seed per 

harvested 

acre 


Pro- 
duction 


Total 
sales to 
oil mills 


Other » 


Price 2 


Farm 
value 


1954 


1,000 acres 
19,251 
16,928 
15,615 
13,558 
11,849 
15,117 
15,309 
15,634 
15,569 
14,212 
14,055 
13,615 
9,552 
7,997 
10,160 
11,075 


Pounds 
593 
714 
692 
680 
810 
794 
769 
765 
789 
872 
887 
527 
829 
803 
913 
756 


1,000 tons 
5,709 
6,043 
5,407 
4,609 
4,798 
5,991 
5,886 
5,978 
6,139 
6,192 
6,237 
6,087 
3,960 
3,210 
4,640 
4,186 


1,000 tons 
5,229 
5,556 
4.980 
4,274 
4,382 
5,505 
5,402 
5,622 
5,803 
5,851 
5.929 
5.836 
3,743 
3,017 
4,441 
3,981 


1,000 tons 
480 
487 
427 
335 
416 
486 
484 
356 
336 
341 
308 
251 
217 
193 
199 
205 


DoUars 
60.30 
44.60 
53.40 
51.10 
43.80 
38.80 
42.60 
51.10 
47.90 
50.70 
47.10 
46.70 
65.90 
55.20 
50.50 
41.10 


1,000 dollars 
344,175 


1955 


269,262 


1956 

1957 


288,864 
235,367 


1958 


210,262 


1959. . . 


232,115 


I960 


249,977 


1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


305,310 
293,845 
314,219 
293,838 
284,412 
261,008 


1967 


177,406 


1968 

1969 s 


234,492 
172,030 



1 Includes planting seed, some sales between farms, shrinkage, losses, and other uses. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 163. 



114 



COTTONSEED 



115 



Table 162. — Cottonseed: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers and farm disposition, by States, 1967-69 





Production 


Total sales to oil mills 




Other 2 




Price for crop 


of— 


State 




























1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 










tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


North Carolina — 


19 


51 


41 


17 


48 


38 


2 


3 


3 


51.60 


49.30 


40.70 


South Carolina .... 


77 


105 


85 


70 


97 


79 


7 


8 


6 


52.60 


50.00 


40.40 




98 
63 


111 
137 


117 
176 


92 

57 


105 
131 


111 
170 


6 
6 


6 
6 


6 
6 


51.60 
55.10 


49.90 
49.80 


39.20 


Tennessee 


40.10 




86 

26 

460 


166 

84 
645 


191 
137 
549 


78 
23 
420 


156 

79 
608 


181 
131 
510 


8 
3 
40 


10 
5 
37 


10 

6 

39 


51.60 
53.00 
58.30 


48.00 
48.80 
51.90 


40.20 




38.30 


Mississippi 


43.20 




216 

182 
84 


435 
229 
112 


477 
200 
117 


199 
175 

77 


418 
222 
105 


459 
193 
108 


17 

7 
7 


17 

7 
7 


18 
7 
9 


55.60 
55.00 
56.80 


50.00 
50.60 
49.10 


42.10 




41.40 


Oklahoma 


45.30 


Texas 


1,190 


1,490 


1,195 


1,121 


1,420 


1,123 


69 


70 


72 


55.80 


50.50 


41.80 


New Mexico 


68 


74 


64 


65 


71 


61 


3 


3 


3 


59.60 


52.90 


45.50 


Arizona 


194 


307 


263 


189 


302 


258 


5 





5 


53.00 


52.50 


39.80 


California 


442 


685 


565 


429 


671 


551 


13 


14 


14 


53.00 


50.00 


37.70 


Other States 3 


5 


9 


9 


5 


8 


8 




1 


1 


50.30 


49.10 


39.80 


United States. . . 


3,210 


4,640 


4,186 


3,017 


4,441 


3,981 


193 


199 


205 


55.20 


50.50 


41.10 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes planting seed, exports, some sales between farms, shrinkage, 

3 Virginia, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, and Nevada. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



5, and other uses. 



Table 163. — Cottonseed: Quality of cottonseed and number of samples graded, United 

States, 1959-68 x 





Cottonseed quality analysis 2 


Quan- 
tity 3 


Qual- 
ity 4 


Average 
grade 5 




Year beginning 
August 


Oil 


Am- 
monia 


Linters 


Moisture 


Free 
fatty 
acids 


Foreign 
matter 


Samples 
graded 6 


1959 


Percent 
18.8 
18.6 
18.8 
18.2 
18.7 
18.4 
18.0 
18.2 
18.4 
18.0 


Percent 
3.89 
3.98 
3.83 
3.96 
4.05 
3.98 
4.00 
3.97 
3.89 
3.91 


Percent 
10.2 
9.7 
10.1 
10.1 
10.3 
10.4 
10.3 
10.8 
10.7 
11.2 


Percent 
11.4 
11.7 
10.9 
11.1 
9.3 
10.6 
11.1 
10.7 
10.1 
10.6 


Percent 
1.3 
1.6 
0.9 
1.4 
0.7 
0.9 
1.2 
0.9 
0.9 
0.7 


Percent 
0.9 
1.1 
1.2 
1.1 
1.1 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 
1.3 
1.2 


Index 
102.10 
100.70 
101.16 
98.54 
103.55 
102.07 
100.49 
101.84 
101.97 
100.91 


Index 
97.1 
95.7 
98.0 
97.6 
99.2 
98.5 
97.9 
98.8 
98.5 
98.9 


100.0 
96.0 
99.5 
96.5 
103.0 
100.5 
98.5 
101.0 
100.5 
100.0 


Number 

87,772 


1960. . 


83,410 


1961 


92,251 


1962 . 


98,390 


1963 


86,035 


1964 


91,881 


1965 

1966 


108,828 
71,072 


1967 

1968 


45,838 
67,254 



1 United States averages not fully representative of entire crop because of relatively small volume of seed 
graded in some areas. 

2 These basic factors are combined to form indexes of quantity and quality which in turn are used to de- 
termine the official grade of cottonseed in accordance with the United States Official Standards for Grades. 

3 The quantity index measures the oil and cake or meal in the cottonseed, taking into account variations in 
the quantity of oil, protein, and linters. 

4 The quality index measures the deterioration in oil and meal and takes into account the excesses of moisture 
and foreign matter. 

5 The average grade is the product of the quantity index times the quality index. The base grade is 100.0. 

6 Samples graded by licensed chemists under the supervision of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1949-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 165. 



116 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 164. — Cottonseed: Production in specified countries and the world, average 
1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and country 



North America: 

United States 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Other 

Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other 

Total* 

Europe: 

Greece 

Italy 

Spain 

Bulgaria 

Other 

Total 3 

U.S.S.R. (Europe and 
Asia) 

Africa: 

Angola 

Cameroon 



Year beginning August I 


Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 2 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


6,084 


4,640 


4,274 


139 


96 


98 


103 


156 


110 


12 


16 


9 


1,059 


1,176 


830 


175 


207 


158 


16 


22 


20 


7,588 


6,313 


5,499 


269 


253 


230 


1,089 


1,607 


1,704 


163 


312 


340 


26 


27 




295 


198 


198 


19 


34 




9 


20 


21 


1,870 


2,451 


2,551 


192 


171 


230 


11 


4 


4 


208 


170 


146 


32 


26 




21 


18 


17 


464 


389 


435 


3,435 


4,335 


4,100 


12 


34 




29 


49 


54 



Continent and country 



Africa — Continued 

Central African Republic 

Chad 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Malawi 

Mozambique 

Nigeria 

Rhodesia 

South Africa, Republic 

of 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

United Arab Republic. . . 

Uganda 

Other 

Total 3 

Asia and Oceania: 

Afghanistan 

Australia 

Burma 

China (Mainland) 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Pakistan 

Syria , 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other 

Total 3 

World total 3 



Year beginning August ' 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 

tons 

23 

71 

* 36 

11 

80 

106 

4 

24 
311 

91 
926 
140 

63 



1,927 



46 

2,570 

2,532 

241 

17 

35 

807 

320 

34 

446 

57 



7,173 



22,457 



1,000 
tons 
39 
97 
39 
12 
95 
134 
97 

49 
425 
114 
832 
170 
170 



2,356 



51 

72 

27 

3,170 

2,357 

336 

22 

58 

1,193 

343 

69 

772 

44 



,514 



24,358 



1,000 
tons 



39 



97 
140 



158 
915 
170 
171 



'"75 


" 3^075 

2,501 

341 



1,218 
317 

29 
716 

44 



,478 



23,592 



1 Years shown refer to years of harvest. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes estimates for countries for which data are not available. 

4 Including Burundi. 

Foreign Agricultura JService. Data for countries other than the United States, the United Arab Republic, 
and the Sudan were calculated from lint-production estimates. 



Table 165. — Cottonseed: Crushings and output of products, United States, 1959-68 



Year 


Quan- 
tity 
crush- 
ed 


Cottonseed products 


Year 

beginning 

August 


Quan- 
tity 
crush- 
ed 


Cottonseed products 


beginning 
August 


Crude 
oil 


Cake 
and 
meal 


Lint- 
ers 1 


Hulls 


Crude 
oil 


Cake 
and 
meal 


Lint- 
ers 1 


Hulls 


1959 

1960 


1,000 
tons 
5,491 
5,352 
5,539 
5,833 
5,887 


Million 

pounds 

1,861 

1,808 

1,865 

1,942 

1,981 


1,000 
tons 
2,547 
2,505 
2,506 
2,734 
2,790 


1,000 
run- 
ning 
bales 
1,652 
1,582 
1,627 
1,661 
1,597 


1,000 
tons 
1,257 
1,217 
1,325 
1,352 
1,340 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1,000 
tons 
5,926 
5,734 
3,791 
3,107 
4,363 


Million 

pounds 

1,999 

1,896 

1,261 

1,036 

1,424 


1,000 
tons 
2,770 
2,695 
1,801 
1,450 
1,985 


1,000 
run- 
ning 
bales 
1,656 
1,580 
1,103 
935 
1,306 


1,000 

tons 

1,357 

1,299 

867 


1961 


1962 


1967 

1968 2 


734 


1963 


1,025 









1 Production of linters is the output at oil mills only; this is slightly smaller than total output, including that 
at delinting plants. 

2 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from annual reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Data 
for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 167. 



COTTONSEED 



117 



Table 166. — Cottonseed oil and cottonseed cake and meal: United States exports by 
continent and country of destination, years beginning October, 1966-68 





Cottonseed oil l 


Cottonseed cake and meal 


of destination 


1966 


1967 


1968 2 


1966 


1967 


1968 2 


North America: 


1,000 

pounds 

16 

8,396 



1 

1,765 

20 

185 

7 

30 

16 

270 

1,215 


1,000 

pounds 

29 

7,486 



4 

20 

14 



68 

23 

12 

398 

1,232 


1,000 

pounds 

21 

15,442 





10 

5 

1 

2 

6 

7 

198 

952 


Tons 



2,749 











60 

290 

3 



39 


Tons 

2,428 






20 




13 


Tons 






2,445 












Dominican Republic 

Guatemala 









40 


Mexico 


335 








Other ... 


10 






Total 


11,921 


9,286 


16,644 


3,141 


2,461 


2,830 






South America: 


1 

922 


30,872 



24 

23 

287 





34,889 

6 


3 

1 
230 
3 

70,414 
8 











44 





















Peru 















Other 


56 






Total 


31,795 


35,229 


70,659 





44 


56 






Europe : 




25 

3 

8 







18 

621 



1,279 



1,332 



66 



11 

2 

17 

385 





6 
478 


182 

1 
78 


33 



6 
1 

24 

15,319 





17 

10,201 



7,456 

4 

54 

6 








308 

134 





8 



3,525 



9 





112 






143 



89 






18 






Belgium and Luxembourg 













76 


Poland 










Italy 
































21 


Other 









Total 


3,352 


1,193 


33,088 


4,096 


250 


97 






Africa: 


32 

25,508 

104 




8 




17,158 

17 









55 












Other 









Total 


25,644 


8 


17,175 





55 









Asia: 


268 



47 

190 

40 

1,049 

66 

407 



153 

280 



892 


293 





11 



1,843 

68 

149 

10 

133 

233 



334 


73 



12 

7 

18 

316 

127 

144 



122 

49 

185 

301 


18 




0, 






8 


36 





11 





20 


23 


18 






















Japan 


11,975 







Nansei and Nanpo Islands 




o 




o 




24 


Turkey 





Other 


28 






Total 


3,392 


3,074 


1,354 


26 


90 


12 045 






Oceania 


280 


169 


213 


4 












Grand total 


76,384 


48,959 


139,133 


7,267 


2,900 


15,028 





1 Crude and refined oil combined as such. 
Bureau. 

2 Preliminary . 



Includes shipments under P.L. 480 as reported by the Census 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



118 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 167. — Cottonseed oil, meal, and linters: Average price at specified points, 

1959-68 



Year 


Oil, per pound 


Meal, 
per 
ton 3 


Linters 4 


Year 

beginning 

August 


Oil, per pound 


Meal, 
per 
ton 3 




August 


Crude » 


Refined 2 


Crude » 


Refined 2 




1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


Cents 
10.03 
11.79 
12.50 
10.50 
10.00 


Cents 
11.86 
13.64 
14.09 
12.51 
11.58 


Dollars 
55.65 
55.10 
59.25 
65.60 
63.35 


Cents 
3.85 
4.10 
5.25 
3.85 
3.50 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


Cents 
11.60 
13.00 
13.00 
12.80 
11.60 


Cents 
12.99 
14.58 
14.68 
14.14 
12.96 


Dollars 
59.90 
68.80 
77.50 
77.40 
65.20 


Cents 
3.90 
4.20 
6.60 
5.60 
4.60 



1 In tank, f.o.b. southeastern mills. 

2 Nearby futures. Prime summer yellow, bleachable, tank-car deliveries, New York. 

3 On basis of 41 percent protein, bulk, carlots, Memphis. 

4 Weighted average price of linters per pound. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter; and reports of the U.S 
Labor and Agriculture Departments. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 169. 



Table 168. — Flaxseed: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States, 1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 
planted 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per har- 
vested 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel re- 
ceived by 
farmers 1 


Farm 
value 


Average 
price per 
bushel of 
No. 1 flax- 
seed at 
Minne- 
apolis, 
year be- 
ginning 
August 2 


Foreign trade, in- 
cluding linseed oil 
in terms of seed, 
year beginning 
July 3 




Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 


1954. . 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 
5,179 
5,663 
4,914 
5,473 
4,793 
3,679 
2,848 
2,932 
3,342 
2,514 
2,808 
3,172 
2,651 
2,825 
2,775 
2,576 
1,975 
2,098 
2,704 


Bushels 
6.9 
7.3 
8.2 
8.6 
5.2 
10.2 
6.9 
7.2 
9.1 
8.8 
11.5 
9.8 
8.2 
8.6 
12.8 
9.1 
10.1 
12.9 
13.5 


1,000 
bushels 
35,495 
41,274 
40,415 
47,037 
25,113 
37,409 
19,597 
21,237 
30,402 
22,178 
32,230 
31,041 
27,739 
24,401 
35,402 
23,390 
20,036 
27,067 
36,448 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 . 


5.947 
5,148 
5,786 
5,481 
3,862 


3.05 

2.90 
2.99 
2.94 
2.69 


125,937 
117,349 
140,846 
73,744 
100,582 


3.39 
3.19 
3.26 
3.30 
3.01 


24,378 
17,463 

6,373 
13,481 

6,414 


( 4 ) 

1 
1 
4 

( 4 ) 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


3,268 
3,437 
2,975 
3,102 
3,379 


3.00 
2.65 
3.26 
2.83 
2.76 


63.795 
80,533 
72,405 
91,252 
85,702 


3.38 
3.02 
3.57 
3.05 
3.01 


11,129 

8,145 
1,584 
4,765 
4,288 


( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

2 
2 
1 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


2,965 
2,868 
2,679 
2,061 
2,183 
2,762 


2.82 
2.80 
2.89 
2.95 
2.81 
2.63 


68,901 
99,168 
67,620 
59,099 
75,930 
95,999 


3.09 
3.06 
3.19 
3.20 
3.08 


7,517 
9,373 

13,332 
7,576 

13,472 


2 
2 

1 
3 

( 4 ) 











1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

2 Prices are averages of daily prices weighted by carlot sales, compiled from Minneapolis Daily Market 
Record. 

3 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Linseed oil converted to flaxseed equivalent 
on the basis of oil yield per bushel of flaxseed crushed. 

4 Less than 500 bushels. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture re- 
turns from the Bureau of the Census. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 170. 



FLAXSEED 



119 



Table 169. — Flaxseed: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries and the 
world, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 





Harvested acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 2 


North America: 


1,000 
acres 
1,940 
2,932 
57 


1,000 
acres 
1,524 
2,098 
28 


1,000 
acres 
2,441 
2,704 
30 


Bushels 
9.7 
9.6 
12.5 


Bushels 
12.9 
12.9 
13.9 


Bushels 
12.6 
13.5 
13.3 


1,000 
bushels 
18,907 
28,050 
715 


1,000 
bushels 
19,666 
27,067 
394 


1,000 
bushels 
30,748 




36,448 




394 






Total 


4,929 


3,650 


5,175 


9.7 


12.9 


13.1 


47,672 


47,127 


67,590 






South America: 


2,839 

132 

11 

329 


2,000 

110 

2 

202 


1,947 

"'2' 
287 


10.6 
10.5 
13.7 
9.1 


10.0 
10.1 
11.9 
11.0 


11.7 

11.1 


29,956 

1,384 

155 

2,996 


20,078 

1,111 

30 

2,223 


22,833 


Brazil 3 




Chile 3 


26 


Uruguay 3 


3,198 


Total 4 


3,311 


2,314 


2,346 


10.4 


10.1 


11.6 


34,491 


23,442 


27 ,177 






Europe: 
Belgium 5 


80 
2 
154 
16 
63 
18 
2 
2 


36 

( 6 ) 
105 
3 
26 


38 

( 6 ) 

100 

3 

22 


10.1 
15.5 
12.4 
12.6 
15.8 

9.9 
17.2 

4.5 


9.9 
13.6 

9.3 
14.4 
15.5 


10.5 

""9^5' 
14.0 
11.8 


809 

36 

1,899 

202 

1,000 

177 

41 

9 


357 
5 

975 

48 

398 


405 
5 




945 


Italy 5 


43 

260 




















Other 


2 


2 


2.0 


2.0 


4 


4 


Total Western Europe 8 


337 


185 


178 


12.4 


10.2 


9.9 


4,173 


1,887 


1,762 


Germany, East 5 

Hungary 

Poland 5 


125 
54 

17 

286 

84 

1 


91 
27 
33 
288 
164 


"'27' 
32 
297 
161 


4.7 
5.6 

10.7 
8.2 
7.1 

13.0 


6.0 
7.0 
8.9 
8.9 

7.2 


""8.7 

8.0 
8.0 
9.9 


591 
302 

176 

2,348 

598 

13 


551 

186 

398 

2,559 

1,190 


235 
435 

2,360 


Other 


1,585 
















Total Eastern Europe 8 


567 


603 


612 


7.1 


8.1 


8.4 


4,028 


4,884 


5,170 






Total Europe 8 


904 


788 


790 


9.1 


8.6 


8.8 


8,201 


6,771 


6,932 


U.S.S.R. (Europe and Asia) 5 


4,690 


3,914 


3,914 


4.0 


5.3 


5.5 


18,700 


20,668 


21,650 


Africa: 
Ethiopia 9 


255 

28 
16 
28 






7.9 
7.0 
4.3 
15.7 






2,000 

197 

68 

447 








15 


15 


13.3 


10.6 


197 

96 

591 


157 






United Arab Republic 5 


37 




15.9 






Total 4 


327 


339 


342 


8.3 


9.6 


9.4 


2,712 


3,246 


3,214 


Asia: 


17 
27 
75 
4,767 
25 
70 
1 


12 

37 

40 

4,390 

1 

55 

( 6 ) 


15 

40 

4,219 

53 

( 6 ) 


15.9 
8.9 

10.0 
3.5 

4.9 

7.7 
7.0 


15.9 
12.7 
12.4 
3.9 
6.4 
8.2 


15.9 

' "l2A 
3.3 

"'7^9' 


276 
236 

746 

16,683 

124 

536 

7 


197 

472 

492 

17,243 

8 
446 

3 


236 






Turkey (Europe and Asia) 5 


492 
13,858 






Pakistan 9 


418 


Other 


3 










Total 8 


4,982 


4,535 


4,364 


3.7 


4.2 


3.5 


18,608 


18,861 


15,479 






Oceania: 


101 

18 


71 


3 128 


10.1 
20.2 


11.0 


11.6 


1,024 
360 


780 


1,480 




















Total 4 


119 


87 


144 


11.6 


12.6 


12.5 


1,384 


1,100 


1,800 






World total 8 


19,262 


15,627 


17,075 


6.8 


7.8 


8.4 


131,768 


121,215 


143,842 







See footnotes on page 120. 



120 OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 

Table 170. — Flaxseed: Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel re- 
ceived by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage planted l 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Minnesota 

Iowa 

North Dakota. . . . 

South Dakota 

Texas 

Montana 

California 


1,000 

acres 

300 

2 

1,202 

515 

35 

6 

1 


1,000 

acres 

372 

2 

1,190 

551 

58 

8 

2 


1,000 

acres 

435 

1 

1,547 

656 

102 

18 

3 


1,000 

acres 

291 

2 

1,144 

507 

25 

5 

1 


1,000 

acres 

329 

2 

1,155 

548 

55 

7 

2 


1,000 

acres 

418 

1 

1,513 

652 

100 

17 

3 


1,000 

bushels 

3,783 

40 

9,381 

6,591 

150 

40 

51 


1,000 

bushels 

4,606 

38 

13,860 

7,672 

742 

77 

72 


1,000 

bushels 

6,270 

19 

19,064 

9,454 

1,300 

221 

120 


Dollars 
3.01 
2.95 
2.90 
2.99 
2.69 
2.63 
3.39 


Dollars 
2.86 
2.84 
2.78 
2.82 
2.75 
2.53 
3.45 


Dollars 
2.70 
2.75 
2.60 
2.65 
2.65 
2.50 
3.35 


United States . . . 


2,061 


2,183 


2,762 


1,975 


2,098 


2,704 


20,036 


27,067 


36,448 


2.95 


2.81 


2.63 



1 Includes acreage planted in preceding fall. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at the average loan and 
purchase rate, by States. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 171.- 



-Flaxseed: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by States, crop of 
1969 (preliminary) 



State 


Produc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Disposition on 

farms where 

grown 


State 


Produc- 
tion 


Total 
used 
for 
seed 


Disposition on 

farms where 

grown 




Used 
for 
seed 


Sold 
from 

farms 


Used 
for 
seed 


Sold 
from 
farms 


Minnesota 

Iowa 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Texas 


1,000 

bushels 

6,270 

19 

19,064 

9,454 

1,300 


1,000 

bushels 

406 

1 

1,106 

603 

48 


1,000 

bushels 

240 

1 

664 

374 

14 


1,000 
bushels 
6,030 
18 
18,400 
9,080 
1,286 


Montana 

California 

United States 


1,000 

bushels 

221 

120 


1,000 

bushels 

11 

2 


1,000 

bushels 

4 


1,000 
bushels 
217 
120 


36,448 


2,177 


1,297 


35,151 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 169 

1 Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which 
immediately follow; thus the crop harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1969 is combined with 
the Southern Hemisphere harvest which began late in 1969 and ended early in 1970. Estimates do not in- 
clude China where annual production probably varies from 1 to 2 million bushels. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Seeded area. 

4 Includes estimates for the above countries for which data are not available. 

5 Includes fiber flax area and seed production. 

6 Less than 500 acres. 

7 Acreage includes that harvested for seed and that portion of fiber acreage which is harvested for seed as 
well as fiber. Production includes seed from fiber flax. 

8 Includes estimates for the above countries for which data are not available and for minor producing 
countries. 

9 Flaxseed from acreage grown for seed only . 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



FLAXSEED; LINSEED OIL AND MEAL 121 

Table 172. — Flaxseed: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Supply- 


Disappearance 














Farm disposition 








Year 




















Total 


beginning 










Total 










domes- 


July 


Stocks, 


Produc- 


Imports 


Total 


used for 


Used for 




Exports 


Crush- 


tic 




July 1 


tion 






seed 


seed 

on farms 

where 

grown J 


Sold 




ings 2 


disap- 
pear- 
ance 3 




1,000 


1.000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1959 


14,615 


21,237 


( 4 ) 


35,852 


2,398 


1,390 


19,847 


8,326 


23,218 


24,564 


1960 


2,962 


30,402 





33,364 


2,082 


1,278 


29,124 


6,963 


19,953 


21,105 


1961 


5,296 


22,178 


( 4 ) 


27,474 


2,195 


1,272 


20,906 


1,502 


19,046 


22,364 


1962 


3,608 


32,230 


( 4 ) 


35.838 


2,383 


1,379 


30,851 


4,335 


21,010 


23,115 


1963 


8,388 


31,041 





39,429 


2,084 


1,296 


29,745 


3,576 


19,447 


22,737 


1964 


13,116 


24,401 





37,518 


2,023 


1,232 


23,169 


6,524 


20,775 


20,067 


1965 


10,927 


35,402 





46,329 


1,929 


1,183 


34,219 


5,270 


22,714 


25,741 


1966 


15,318 


23,390 


( 4 ) 


38,708 


1,480 


944 


22,446 


7,465 


19,657 


21,990 


1967 


9,254 


20,036 


( 4 ) 


29,290 


1,576 


930 


19,106 


5,044 


15,918 


17,278 


1968 


6,968 


27,067 


( 4 ) 


34,035 


1,958 


1,122 


25,945 


9,736 


14,400 


14,500 


1969 5 . 


9,799 


36,448 


( 4 ) 


46,247 


2,177 


1,297 


35,151 

















1 Included in total used for seed. 

2 From domestic and imported seed. 

3 Total supply minus exports and stocks July 1 of following year. 

4 Less than 500 bushels. 

5 Preliminary. 

Economic Research" Service and Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production re- 
gardless of time of actual disposition. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to 
be used for the designated purposes on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from 
others for such purposes. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 174. 

Table 173.— Flaxseed: Stocks on and off farms, United States, 1960-69 



Year beginning 
October 



1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 



On farms 



Oct. 1 



1,000 

bushels 

12,553 

8,589 

15,165 

12,618 

12,720 

20,487 

9,838 

8,796 

14,796 

19,135 



Jan. 1 



1,000 ■ 

bushels 
9,261 
6,859 

11,407 

10,443 
8,571 

13,953 
7,508 
6,785 
9,065 

13,539 



Apr. 1 July 1 l 



1,000 
bushels 
5,273 
4,379 
7,492 
7,697 
6,540 

10,809 
5,523 
4,324 
5,994 

10,876 



1,000 
bushels 
1,410 
1,328 
1,587 
1,443 
2,467 
3,448 
1,399 
1,304 
2,093 



Off farms 2 



Oct. 1 



1,000 
bushels 
13,555 
9,317 
11,811 
23,070 
18,400 
14,879 
18,856 
14,549 
12,442 
20,918 



Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


1,000 


1,000 


bushels 


bushels 


12,148 


10,041 


8,884 


4,978 


13,037 


11,335 


19,160 


16,509 


14,645 


10,994 


18,812 


15,828 


14,300 


13,369 


11,424 


9,027 


12,449 


9,945 


18,693 


17,757 



1,000 
bushels 



2 280 
6,801 

11,673 
8,460 

11,870 
7,855 
5,664 
7,706 



1 Old crop only. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, and warehouses, at processing plants, and at terminals. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1947-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 175. 



Table 174. — Linseed oil and meal: Average price, New York and Minneapolis, 

1960-69 



Year begin- 
ning July 



1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 



Oil, pei 


pound 


Meal, 


per ton 


New 


Minne- 


New 


Minne- 


York 1 


apolis l 


York 2 


apolis 3 


Cents 


Cents 


Dollars 


Dollars 


14.0 


12.9 


71.35 


53.35 


16.3 


15.2 


80.45 


62.70 


14.1 


13.0 


85.60 


67.50 


14.0 


13.0 


79.90 


61.20 


14.7 


13.7 


75.10 


59.10 



Year begin- 
ning July 



1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 



Oil, per pound 



New 
York 1 



Cents 
14.0 
13.8 
14.2 
13.2 
12.8 



Minne- 
apolis * 



Cents 
12.9 
12.8 
13.1 
12.1 
11.8 



Meal, per ton 



New 
York 2 



Dollars 
86.80 
96.05 
94.35 
91.50 
90.40 



Minne- 
apolis 3 



Dollars 
70.55 
76.40 
75.50 
71.10 
70.05 



See footnotes on page 122. 



122 OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 

Table 175. — Flaxseed: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel re- 
ceived by 
farmers 


Put undei 


support - 


Acquired 

by CCC 

under 

support 

program 5 




Year beginning July 


Per bushel 


Percentage 
of parity 1 


Quantity 


Percentage 
of produc- 
tion 


CCC 
June 30 


1960 

1961 


DoUars 
2.38 
2.80 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.75 
2.50 


Percent 
62 
74 
76 
75 
76 
75 
73 
73 
72 
64 
58 


DoUars 
2.65 
3.26 
2.83 
2.76 
2.82 
2.80 
2.89 
2.95 
2.81 
5 2.63 


1,000 

bushels 

3,136 

914 

7,023 

12,923 

6,394 

11,303 

2,255 

2.707 

6,240 

3 12,051 


Percent 
10.3 

4.1 
21.8 
41.6 
26.2 
31.9 

9.6 

13.5 

23.1 

3 33.1 


1,000 

bushels 
8 

( 4 ) 
5,853 
11,219 
4,028 
9,430 
1,034 
1,207 
4,990 


1,000 
bushels 

1 


1962 

1963 


5,327 

10,616 
2,449 

12,382 
4,553 
2,115 
6 925 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1967 

1968 


1969 




1970 



















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made, purchase agreements entered into, and direct purchases. 

3 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

4 Less than 500 bushels. 

5 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 176. 



Data for 1949- 



Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



Table 176. — Flaxseed and products: Flaxseed crushed; production, imports, and ex- 
ports of linseed oil, cake, and meal; and July 1 stocks of oil, United States, 1959-69 







Flaxseed crushed 






Linseed oil 




Linseed cake and meal 


Year 


























begin- 


























ning 
















Imports 






Imports 




July 


Julv- 


Oct.- 


Jan.- 


Apr.- 


Total 


Stocks, 


Pro- 


for con- 


Ex- 


Pro- 


for con- 


Ex- 




Sept, 


Dec. 


Mar. 


June 




July 1 


duction 


sump- 
tion 


ports 


duction 


sump- 
tion 


ports 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Million 


Million 


MiUion 


Million 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


tons 


tons 


tons 


1959.... 


7,839 


6.539 


5,133 


3,707 


23,218 


97 


465 


C 1 ) 


55 


426 


2 


67 


I960.... 


4,082 


5,467 


4,761 


5,643 


19,953 


90 


399 





24 


378 


2 


39 


1961... 


5,225 


5,282 


4,768 


3,771 


19,046 


94 


391 





2 


358 


2 


16 


1962... 


4.314 


6,029 


5.217 


5,450 


21,010 


105 


428 





9 


388 


1 


54 


1963.... 


3.476 


5,389 


5,068 


5,514 


19,447 


131 


394 





14 


360 


1 


33 


1964.... 


5,614 


5,836 


5.257 


4,06S 


20,775 


144 


418 


(*) 


20 


381 


1 


80 


1965.... 


5,036 


5,861 


5,792 


6,025 


22,714 


198 


463 


(*) 


84 


398 


1 


115 


1966.... 


4,807 


5,539 


4.593 


4,718 


19.657 


241 


405 


C 1 ) 


121 


363 


6 


111 


1967.... 


3,650 


4,811 


4,046 


3,411 


15,918 


196 


331 




53 


293 


( x ) 


92 


1968 2 ... 


3,119 


4,432 


3.714 


3,135 


14,400 


201 


300 




ii 


262 


1 


86 


1969 2 


3,364 


3,882 








131 


300 




25 























1 Less than 500,000 pounds. 

2 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data from the L'.S. Department of Commerce. 
cultural Statistics, 1967, table 178. 



Data for 1944-58 in Agri- 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 174 

1 Raw oil in tank cars. 

2 Bulk, carlots, 34 percent protein. 

! Bulk, carlots, 32 to 37 percent protein. 
4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 177. 



FLAXSEED AND LINSEED OIL, CAKE, AND MEAL 



123 



Table 177. — Flaxseed, linseed oil, and linseed cake and meal: United States exports 
by country of destination, years beginning July 1, 1966-68 





Flaxseed 


Linseed oil 2 


Linseed cake and meal 


of destination 


1966 


1967 


1968 » 


1966 


1967 


1968 1 


1966 


1967 


1968 ! 


North America: 


1,000 

bushels 

490 

1 
( 3 ) 




1,000 
bushels 
683 






1,000 
bushels 
1,085 
6 





1,000 

pounds 

636 

308 

9 



20 


1,000 

pounds 

469 

229 

8 



32 


1,000 

pounds 

804 

5,940 

3 



31 


Tons 
59 

6 





23 


Tons 
63 



5 


Tons 
50 


Mexico 






Trinidad 

Other 



6 






Total 


491 


683 


1,091 


973 


738 


6,778 


88 


68 


56 






South America: 

Colombia 























68 

7 

19 

446 

21 


4 


15 
248 

22 





26 
318 

15 











9 








Peru 







8 


Other 









Total 











561 


289 


359 





9 


8 






Europe: 


942 



2,188 


3,791 



53 




516 



26 

1,257 



2,350 







212 






809 

41 

109 

4,313 



2,430 



505 



85 



354 


22 
2 

13 
9 

35 

92,519 





13 



24,635 




2 



6 

95 

146 

42,569 





25 



7,822 




2 



13 

212 

941 

56,677 





15 



8,640 




680 

386 

3,483 

38,324 

22 

32,527 

6,039 





5,394 

23,662 








4,935 

30,550 



20,638 

7,456 





1,907 

26,598 














2,628 




4,007 


Italy 







76,372 


Poland 

















860 







Other. 


1,513 






Total . . 


6,974 


4,361 


8,646 


117,248 


50,665 


66,500 


110,517 


92,084 


85,380 








( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


1,904 


32 


2,322 















Asia: 






( 3 ) 














16 



55 

25 


35 



114 

36 


28 



106 

208 








9 





54 












Other 









Total 


( 3 ) 








96 


185 


342 





9 


54 


Oceania: 














73 
3 


255 
5 


663 
2 



13 









Other 









Total 











76 


260 


665 


13 














7,465 


5,044 


9,737 


120,858 


52,169 


76,966 


110,618 


92,170 


85,498 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Crude and refined combined as such. 

3 Less than 500 bushels. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



124 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 178. — Peanuts: Acreage, yield, production, season average price per pound 
received by farmers, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 





Acreage 
grown 


Acreage 

not 
harvested 
for nuts 1 


Peanuts harvested for nuts ■ 


Foreign trade, year 
beginning July 4 


Crop of — 


alone 
for all 
pur- 
poses 


Acreage 
harvested 


Yield 

per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 3 


Farm 
value 


Exports 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 


1,0 
acr 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 


00 
es 
824 
882 
834 
746 
702 
576 
526 
524 
507 
498 
487 
517 
488 
472 
493 
504 


1,000 

acres 

494 

244 

478 

296 

210 

163 

151 

140 

120 

115 

90 

82 

70 

71 

57 

56 


1,000 

acres 
1,387 
1,669 
1,384 
1,481 
1,516 
1,435 
1,395 
1,398 
1,400 
1,396 
1,397 
1,435 
1,418 
1,402 
1,436 
1,448 


Pounds 
727 
928 
1,161 
969 
1,197 
1,061 
1,232 
1,185 
1,228 
1,391 
1,502 
1,661 
1,700 
1,765 
1,771 
1,743 


1,000 
pounds 
1,008,495 
1,548,326 
1,607,462 
1,435,549 
1,814,242 
1,523,218 
1,718,011 
1,657,099 
1,719,320 
1,942,088 
2,099,144 
2,383,971 
2,410,391 
2,473,385 
2,542,841 
2,523,399 


Cents 
12.2 
11.7 
11.2 
10.4 
10.6 
9.56 
10.0 
10.9 
11.0 
11.2 
11.2 
11.4 
11.3 
11.4 
11.9 
12.2 


1,000 

dollars 

122,792 

181,985 

179,922 

148,855 

192,979 

145,842 

171,991 

181,543 

189,314 

217,788 

235,006 

272,248 

217,702 

282,661 

302,258 

308,934 


1,000 

pounds 

11,846 

2,251 

100,978 

62,700 

61,374 

84,830 

84,602 

40,593 

42,142 

101,434 

190,672 

281,487 

245,580 

225,041 

124,231 


1,000 

pounds 

126,618 

65,730 

5,900 

2,680 

2,247 

613 

66 


1961 

1962 


2,567 
2 496 


1963. .. 


2,132 


1964 

1965 

1966 


2,261 
1,344 
2,428 


1967 

1968 


2,563 
2,114 


1969 5 
















1 Mostly hogged. 

2 For data on peanut- vine hay, see table 391. 

3 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

4 Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 
shell," converted at ratio of 1 to 1.55. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service . 
1967, table 180. 



Trade data are on the basis of "in the 



Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 



Table 179. — Peanuts, farmers' stock: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 



Year beginning August 


Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
pound 
received by 
farmers 


Put under support 2 3 


Owned by 

CCC 
July 31 3 


Per pound 


Percentage 
of parity • 


Quantity 


Percentage 
of production 


1960 


Cents 
10.062 
11.05 
11.07 
11.2 
11.2 
11.2 
11.35 
11.35 
12.012 
12.375 
12.750 


Percent 

79 
86 
82 
80 
79 
77 
77 
75 
78 
76 
75 


Cents 
10.0 
10.9 
11.0 
11.2 
11.2 
11.4 
11.3 
11.4 
11.9 
5 12.2 


Million 

pounds 
352 
245 
360 
451 
645 
733 
814 
685 
699 
5 626 


Percent 
20.5 
14.8 
20.9 
23.2 
30.7 
30.7 
33.8 
27.7 
36.4 
5 20.2 


Million 
pounds 

103 


1961 

1962 

1963 


70 
105 
106 


1964 

1965 

1966 


64 
88 
114 


1967 

1968 


( 4 ) 

2 


1969 . 




1970 















1 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

2 Includes loans made and direct purchases. 

3 Includes shelled peanuts converted to farmers' stock basis. 

4 Less than 50,000 pounds. 

5 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 189. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



PEANUTS 



125 



Table 180. — Peanuts: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per pound 
received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage grown alone 
for all purposes 


Peanuts harvested for nuts 2 


State and area 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 




1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


Virginia 


1,000 

acres 
103 

172 


1,000 
acres 
103 
170 


1,000 
acres 
103 
167 


1,000 
acres 
102 
167 


1,000 
acres 
102 
167 


1,000 ' 
acres 
102 
164 


Pounds 
2,505 
2,080 


Pounds 
2,320 
2,075 


Pounds 
2,325 
2,060 






Total (Va.-N.C. area) 


275 


273 


270 


269 


269 


266 


2,241 


2,168 


2,162 




11.5 
493 

79 
183 
2.5 


13 
513 

77 

186 

2 


13.5 

518 

77 

192 

2 


11 

478 
49 
176 
2.5 


12.8 
497 
51 

181 
2 


13 

502 
53 

187 
2 


1,870 
2,040 
1,610 
1,340 
650 


1,625 
1,880 
1,680 
1,360 
600 


1,550 




1,885 


Florida 


1,605 
1,525 


Mississippi 


600 


Total (S.E. area) 


769.0 


791 


802.5 


716.5 


743.8 


757 


1,831 


1,732 


1,767 








125 
295 

8.1 


123 

298 
8.1 


123 
301 

7.8 


123 

285 

8 


121 
294 

7.9 


120 
297 

7.7 


1,700 
1,170 
1,990 


1,880 
1,450 
2,240 


1,700 


Texas 

New Mexico 


1,310 
2,270 


Total (S.W. area) 


428.1 


429.1 


431.8 


416 


422.9 


424.7 


1,342 


1,588 


1,438 






United States 


1,472.1 


1,493.1 


1,504.3 


1,401.5 


1,435.7 


1,447.7 


1,765 


1,771 


1,743 





Peanuts harvested for nuts — Continued 


State and area 


Production 3 


Price for crop oi 


- 




1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Virginia 


1,000 

pounds 
255,510 
347,360 


1,000 
pounds 
236,640 
346,525 


1,000 

pounds 
237,150 
337,840 


Cents 

11.8 
11.6 


Cents 
12.1 
12.4 


Cents 
12.9 
12.8 






Total (Va.-N.C. area) 


602,870 


583,165 


574,990 


11.7 


12.3 


12.8 








20,570 
975,120 

78,890 

235,840 

1,625 


20,800 
934,360 

85,680 

246,160 

1,200 


20,150 
946,270 

85,065 

285,175 

1,200 


12.1 
11.5 
11.2 
11.2 
22.0 


12.5 
11.8 
11.4 
11.7 
22.0 


12.5 




12.2 


Florida 


12.0 




11.7 




22.0 






Total (S.E. area) 


1,312,045 


1,288,200 


1,337,860 


11.4 


11.8 


12.1 








209,100 
333,450 

15,920 


227,480 

426,300 

17,696 


204,000 

389,070 

17,479 


10.7 
11.2 
14.2 


11.7 

11.7 
14.0 


12.2 


Texas 


11.8 




14.3 






Total (S.W. area) 


558,470 


671,476 


610,549 


11.1 


11.8 


12.0 








2,473,385 


2,542,841 


2,523,399 


11.4 


11.9 


12.2 







1 Preliminary. 

2 For data on peanut-vine hay, see table 391. 

3 Net weight basis. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



126 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 181. — Peanuts: 1 Acreage and production in specified countries and the world, 
average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 





Harvested acreage 2 


Production 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

1,397 

184 

40 

4 124 

24 


1,000 
acres 
1,436 
96 
37 
126 
26 


1,000 
acres 
1,448 
106 


1,000 

tons 

914 

99 

15 

56 

5 


1,000 

tons 

1,271 

52 

17 

52 

7 


1,000 
tons 
1.262 




61 


Cuba 






5 171 
28 


68 


Other. 








Total p 


1,769 


1,721 


1,790 


1,089 


1,399 


1,431 






South America: 


627 
1,016 
57 
22 
45 


710 

1,498 

57 

6 

58 


606 


342 
598 

23 
7 

26 


312 

831 

19 

1 
25 


239 


Brazil 5 


745 










8 
62 


3 


Other 


28 






Total 6 


1,767 


2,329 


2,434 


996 


1,188 


1,035 






Europe: 

Total (including U.S.S.R.) 


39 


32 


31 


30 


23 


23 


Africa: 


677 

48 

104 

301 

440 

74 

213 

4 150 

545 

4 182 

328 

4 85 

128 

95 

434 

96 

796 

3,000 

4 222 

4 457 

4 379 

4 70 

561 

2,570 

4 124 

561 

719 

274 


810 
52 


895 


251 
44 
30 

123 

150 
12 
59 
50 

146 
26 
90 
25 
31 
34 

171 
49 

201 

1,445 

71 

155 

132 
74 

129 

1,050 

28 

181 

247 
73 


276 
36 




















143 




Chad 
































































7 105 


7 135 
















37 

39 

110 

110 

290 

1,515 






99 






Mali 


519 


132 






120 












3,000 


3,000 


1,655 












144 
39 
29 


105 








134 






83 


84 








Senegal 


2,225 


2,225 


850 


980 




770 
840 
371 


"'846' 
380 








247 
117 


379 


Other 


124 


Total 6 


13,633 


14,159 


14,479 


5,077 


4,999 


5,618 






Asia: 


4 10 

23 

4,135 

4 240 

1,388 

16,922 

909 

153 

58 

55 

224 

226 


7 

32 

4,695 

235 

1,627 

17,522 

988 

146 

169 

73 

5 249 

240 


6 
35 

4,900 


15 

23 

2,065 

112 

414 

5,673 

399 

151 

33 

14 

133 

98 


10 

36 

2,425 

117 

370 

4,934 

408 

135 

116 

17 

149 

128 


10 


Turkey (Europe and Asia) 


36 


China: Mainland 


2,645 








India 




5,732 


Indonesia 


1,112 

147 


512 




148 


Pakistan 5 




Philippines 


69 

5 252 

241 


15 


Thailand 


165 


Other 


128 






Total 6 


24,343 


25,983 


26,827 


9,130 


8,845 


10,036 






Oceania: Australia 


40 


60 


72 


21 


32 


15 


World total 6 


41,591 


44,284 


45,633 


16,343 


16,486 


18,158 



See footnotes on page 127. 



PEANUTS 



127 



Table 182. — Peanuts: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United States, 

1960-69 x 





Production 
harvested 
for nuts 


Total used 
for seed 2 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Crop of — 


For seed 2 


Fed and lost 


Household 
use 


Sold 


1960 

1961 


1,000 pounds 
1,718,011 
1,657,099 
1,719,320 
1,942,088 
2,099,144 
2,383,971 
2,410,391 
2,473,385 
2,542,841 
2,523,399 


1 ,000 pounds 
102.103 
114,095 
119,976 
123,688 
130,791 
137,044 
139,777 
145,645 
153,685 
161,075 


1,000 pounds 
32,915 
32,767 
33,871 
33,580 
33,023 
31,900 
27,339 
26,600 
22,405 
21,869 


1,000 pounds 
2,216 
2,309 
2,201 
2,326 
2,520 
2,825 
2,675 
2,740 
2,275 
1,867 


1 , 000 pounds 
7,340 
6,398 
5,837 
5,123 
4,443 
4,044 
3,463 
3,074 
2,773 
2,699 


1,000 pounds 
1,675,540 
1,615,625 


1962 


1,677,411 


1963 


1,901,059 


1964 

1965 

1966 


2,059,158 
2,345,202 
2,376,914 


1967 

1968 


2,440,971 

2,515,388 


1969 3 


2,496,964 







1 Net weight basis. 

2 Seed used for planting the crop of the following year. The difference between total seed and seed used on 
farms where grown represents peanuts purchased for seed and is duplicated under "Sold." 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 183. 



Table 183.— Peanuts: 



Crushings, and oil and meal stocks, production, and foreign 
trade, United States, 1959-69 





Peanuts 
crushed 
(shelled 
oil stock) 


Peanut oil 


Peanut cake and meal 


Year beginning August 


Stocks 
Aug. 1 l 


Produc- 
tion of 
crude 


Imports 


Exports 2 


Stocks 
Aug. 1 3 


Produc- 
tion 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


1,000 

pounds 
210,813 
258,009 
182,308 
214,568 
268,376 
340.672 
373,547 
418,292 
483,992 
491 ,447 


1,000 

pounds 
21,400 
14,100 
24,200 
18,500 
33,800 
20,500 
19,800 
51,900 
47,800 
34,500 
33,700 


1,000 

pounds 

86,149 

104,439 

70,113 

86,262 

111,287 

141,327 

155,591 

172,840 

199,205 

205,222 


1,000 
pounds 

1 
4,883 
728 

1 
2 
4 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 


1,000 

pounds 

12,106 

11,965 

160 

3,389 

52,565 

86,798 

23,273 

3,536 

5,752 

25,747 


1,000 
pounds 
4,390 
9,644 
6,630 
9,356 
5,341 

11,329 
5,195 
6,360 

19,122 
9,148 
8,876 


1,000 

pounds 
126,561 
153,469 
111,296 
131.067 
154,945 
192,698 
206,610 
232,796 
266.341 
275 210 


1965 

1966 


1967 

1968 


1969 

















1 Crude plus refined. 

2 Reported as edible peanut oil and crude peanut oil; in this tabulation added without converting. 

3 Holding at producing mills only. 

4 Less than 500 pounds. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 
1967, table 184. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 181 

1 Peanuts in the shell. Southern Hemisphere peanut crop, which is harvested from April to June, is com- 
bined with that of the Northern Hemisphere harvested from September through December of the same year. 

2 Harvested areas as far as possible. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Less than 5 years. 

5 Planted area. 

6 Includes estimates for the above countries for which data are not available. 

7 Commercial crop. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



128 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 184. — Peanuts, farmers' stock: Stocks, production, and quantity milled, 

United States, 1960-69 



Year 




Pro- 






Year 




Pro- 






begin- 


Stocks 


duction 


Total 




begin- 


Stocks 


duction 


Total 




ning 


Aug. 1 • 


har- 


supply 


Milled 13 


ning 


Aug. 1 > 


har- 


suri'lv 


Milled 13 


August 




vested for 
nuts 2 






August 




vested for 
nuts 2 








1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




pounds 


pounds 


:;v.2o 


pounds 




pe h tds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1960 


7,204 


1.715.011 


1,725,215 


1.5". 90^ 


1965 


7,444 


2.3$3.'971 


2,391.415 


2,239,764 


1961 


11,040 


1,657,099 


1,688,139 


1,531,270 


1966 


11,515 


2.410 391 


2,421,906 


2,157,124 


1962 


8,161 


1,719,320 


1,727,481 


1,595,394 


1967 


6,514 


2,473,385 


2,470.599 


2,255.972 


1963 


13,994 


1. £42. OSS 


1.950.052 


1,752.550 


1968 


7,359 


2,542,841 


2,550,200 


2,275,008 


1964 


10,652 


2,099,144 


2,109,796 


1,971,510 


1969 4 


9,056 


2.523,3-- 


2,532,455 









1 Beginning Aug. 1, 1966, net weight basis. 

2 Net weight basis. 

3 Excludes peanuts milled for seed. 

4 Preli min ary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 185. 



Table 185. — Shelled peanuts (all grades) : Supply and disposition, United States, 

1959-69 





Supply Disposition 


Year 

beginning 


Stocks, Aug. 1 


Production 


Imports 


Total 


Ex- 
ports 1 


Crush- 
ed 


Edible use 




Edible 


Oil 
stock 


Edible 


Oil 

stock 


Total 


Per 
capita 


1959 


1,000 
pounds 
278,552 

255.5-5 
216.924 
231,082 
235.571 
245,571 
225,965 
249.310 
245,678 
219,717 
226,758 


1,000 
pounds 
14,374 

8,827 
3,155 
1,680 
2,089 

2.720 
3,961 
8,960 

19.090 
2S.017 
23,434 


1,000 

pounds 
816,759 

S5o.50>0 

559,037 

594.119 

951,296 

1,098,481 

1.229.027 

1.170,529 

1,272,713 

1,252,042 


1,000 

155,154 
179,951 

137.405 
151.072 
243. u2 5 
259,299 
31 ".'-I 
361,026 
347,543 
352,057 


1,000 

pounds 



73 

1,415 

570 

214 

501 

383 

577 

557 

1,526 


1,000 
pounds 

1,264.n39 
1,329,856 
1,247,936 
1,309,123 
1,433,498 
1, r.O-5.55: 
1.770,037 
l,-00.7i:5 
1,885,587 
1,853,959 


1,000 
pawn k 

'45.705 
57,172 
24,161 
28,978 
67,594 
122.4-0 
175,221 
166,316 
145.295 
70.023 


1,000 

210,813 
258,009 
182,308 
214,568 

268,376 

34-. 0-2 
373,547 
41^.292 
483,992 
491,447 


1,000 

r-ju-.i-- 
7'40',920 
704,50: 
808,705 
826,617 
-49, 22 5 
913,507 
909. 593 
047.320 
1,004,966 
1,032,697 


P ■:■■--. is 
4.1 


19n0 


4.4 


1961 

1962 


4.4 

4.4 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


4.4 

4.7 
5.0 

4.8 


1967 

1968 


5.0 
5.2 


1969 























1 Includes shipments to Puerto Rico; 1959-64 data include shipments to Virgin Islands. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade from the U.S. Department of 
Commerce. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 186. 



PEANUTS 



129 



Table 183. — Cleaned peanuts (roasting stock) : Supply and disposition, United States, 

1959-69 





Supply 


Disposition 


Year beginning August 


Stocks 
Aug. 1 


Produc- 
tion 


Imports 


Total 


Exports * 


Domestic disappearance 




Total 


Per capita 


1959 


1,000 

pounds 
12,715 
20,142 
19,617 
22,054 
14,982 
17,369 
14,518 
13,707 
13,578 
15,372 
14,865 


1,000 

pounds 
90,774 
80,094 
84,624 
77,600 
86,731 
83,050 
93,837 
92,173 
93,328 

103,380 


1,000 

pounds 

613 

9 

531 

1,455 

1,801 

1,485 

751 

1,512 

1,708 

871 


1,000 
pounds 
104,102 
100,245 
104,772 
101,109 
103,514 
101,904 
109,106 
107,392 
108,614 
119,623 


1,000 

pounds 

4,228 

399 

369 

1,860 

1,981 

9,143 

4,553 

964 

363 

992 


1,000 

pounds 
79,732 
80,229 
82,349 
84,267 
84,164 
78,243 
90,846 
92,850 
92,879 

103,766 


Pounds 
0.45 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


.44 
.44 
.45 
.44 
.40 
.46 
.47 


1967 

1968 

1969 


.46 
.51 

















1 Includes shipments to Puerto Rico; data through 1964 include shipments to Virgin Islands. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade from the U.S. Department of 
Commerce. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 187. 



Table 187. — Peanuts: Average f.o.b. price per pound of cleaned and shelled peanuts 
by approximate crop years, 1959-68 x 



Classification 


1959 


1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


Virginia-North Carolina area (Virginia and 

North Carolina): 
Cleaned Virginias: 

Jumbo 

Fancy 

Shelled Virginias: 

Extra large 

Medium 

No. 1 

No. 2.. 


Cents 
23% 

ny 2 

23H 

19% 
18H 
14% 

n% 

15% 


Cents 
19H 
17^ 

24J4 
21^ 
18H 
15% 

17^ 
15^ 


Cents 
19 
17^ 

23^ 
21^ 
19^ 
16^ 

18H 
17H 


Cents 
2Wt 
18% 

22% 
2Q% 
19% 

w% 

IQ% 


Cents 
21H 
19 

24% 

2iy 8 

19H 

n% 

20 


Cents 
24 
\8% 

25% 
2\% 
\9% 

\m 

2W% 


Cents 
2\% 
18% 

23% 
20% 
19% 
18% 

\9% 


Cents 
23% 
21 

27^ 
22^ 
193/ 2 
18H 

19H 


Cents 
22^ 
19M 

26^ 
24^ 
21 
18H 

20^ 


Cents 
2434 
21^ 

25^ 
243^ 
22J4 
193^ 

21% 


Southeastern area (Georgia, Alabama, and 
Florida): 
Shelled: 






U.S. Splits 2 


17M 
19% 


18^ 
20% 


18% 
19% 


18^ 
19M 


18^ 
20^ 


19% 


Runner, No. 1 

Runner, No. 2 


17H 
U% 


17% 
15^ 


18^ 
17 


18^ 
16^ 


2\y* 


U.S. Splits 2 


17% 

19% 
17% 
\7% 


18H 

20^ 
18^ 
\7V % 


18% 

\9% 

18H 
175^ 


185^ 

19% 

18% 
18 


18^ 

19^ 

18% 
18^ 


19M 
21% 


Southwestern area (Texas and Oklahoma): 
Shelled: 


17 


17H 


18^ 
17H 

n% 


18H 

16% 


Spanish U.S. Splits 2 


19% 
19% 






17 









1 Crop year begins about Oct. 1 in the Virginia- North Carolina area; in August in the Southeastern and the 
Southwestern States. Prices are for prompt shipment. 

2 U.S. Splits replace U.S. No. 2 due to change in marketing practices. No information available for prior 
years. 

8 No U.S. grade standards apply to Valencia peanuts. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



130 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 188. — Peanuts, farmers' stock: Average price per pound to growers, 1960-69 





Vir- 










| 


Vir- 










Crop 


ginia 


South- 


South- 


South- 


New 


Crop 


ginia 


South- 


South- 


South- 


New 


year 2 


type 


eastern 


eastern 


western 


Mexico 


year - 


tvpe 


eastern 


eastern 


western 


Mexico 




7a.- 


Runner 


Spanish 


Spanish 


Valen- 




7a.- 


Runner 


Spanish 


Spanish 


Valen- 




n.c: 








cia? 




N.C.) 








cias 




Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 




Cents 


Cents 


Centi 


Cents 


CenU 


1960 


11.2 


9.2 


10.1 


10.2 


10.8 


1965 


12.1 


11.0 


12.0 


11.3 


12.0 


1961 


12.1 


10.7 


11.5 


11.7 


14.3 


1966 


12.2 


10.6 


11.6 


11.3 


11.4 


1962 


12.2 


10.3 


11.5 


10.6 


12.8 


1967 


11.9 


11.4 


11.8 


10.9 


12.4 


1963 


11.5 


10.9 


12.0 


11.3 


12.3 


1968 


13.0 


11.5 


12.5 


11.8 


13.0 


1964 


12.8 


11.0 


12.0 


11.2 


12.7 


1969 s4 


13.4 


12.4 


12.2 


12.4 


13.6 



1 Prices are based on average quality factors for each crop year as described in USDA peanut price-support 
schedules and summaries of inspections as reported by the Federal-State Inspection Service. 

2 Crop year begins about" Oct. 1 in the Virginia-North Carolina section; in August in the Southeastern and 
in the Southwestern States. 

3 Principal quality factors for the 1969 crop are as follows: Virginia type — 71 percent sound mature kernels 
and 26 percent extra large kernels: Spanish type — Southeast. 68 percent sound mature kernels and Southwest. 
69 percent sound mature kernels; Runner type — 66 percent sound mature kernels: Valencias — 66 percent sound 
mature kernels. 

4 Preliminary. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics. 1967, table 190. 

Table 189. — Peanuts: Shelled (raw basis) by types, used in primary products and ap- 
parent disappearance of peanuts (cleaned in shell), United States, 1959-68 



Type, and year 
beginning August 



Virginia: 

1959.. 

I960.. 

1961.. 

1962.. 

1963.. 

1964.. 

1965.. 

1966.. 

1967.. 

1968.. 
Runner: 

1959.. 

I960.. 

1961.. 

1962.. 

1963.. 

1964.. 

1965.. 

1966.. 

1967.. 

1968.. 
Spanish: 

1959.. 

I960.. 

1961.. 

1962.. 

1963.. 

1964.. 

1965.. 

1966.. 

1967.. 

1968. . 
All types 

1959.. 

I960.. 

1961.. 

1962.. 

1963.. 

1964.. 

1965.. 

1966.. 

1967.. 



?helled uses 



Peanut 
butter 1 



Peanut 

butter 

sandwiches 



Salted 



Candy 



Other 



Total 



1,000 

pounds 
55,014 
57.702 
41,640 
50.343 
51,987 
55.221 
69.871 



48 

38 

172 

219 
239 
226. 
241, 
241. 
235, 
210 
239, 
212, 



144 
152 
151 
168 
183 
194 
201 
225 
273 



,727 

,742 
,986 
,020 
217 
617 
,146 
S13 
443 

,812 
011 

386 
101 
068 
655 
002 
578 
S3G 



421 

433 

428 

462, 

480, 

499, 

480. 

513, 

524, 



111 
440 
768 
430 

075 
093 
490 
387 
728 
750 



1,000 

pounds 
5,313 
5,010 
5,395 
6.191 
6.951 
6,253 ! 
7.565 
7,970 
7,925 
8,548 

7,738 
9,009 
8,542 
9,172 
9,580 
9,988 
9,925 
9,890 
10.335 
9,795 



,503 

■39S 
,751 
,716 
,146 
,024 
,012 
,756 
,133 
,735 



17.554 
17.717 
17,688 
19.079 
20,677 
20.265 
21.502 
22,616 
22,393 
22,078 



1,000 

pounds 
134. 47S 
133.105 
133,905 
139.038 
141,860 i 
141,283 I 
150.476 
163,676 | 
168,652 
173,447 

1,327 
2,225 
2,250 
2,697 
2,930 
4,199 
3,965 
5,116 
5,087 
6,408 

54.491 
54,302 

52.219 
55,265 
54,649 
56,966 
58,918 
59,929 
58,891 
60,168 

190,296 
189.632 
188,384 
197,000 
199,439 
202,448 
213,359 
228,721 
232,630 
240,023 



1,000 

pounds 
43,998 
48,037 
44,069 
40,794 
40.265 
44,870 
51,389 
54,861 
58,815 
57.444 

17,491 
17,995 
25.097 

27,878 
32,601 
29.546 
32.093 
41,144 
51.096 
62.177 

79,797 

78,685 

79,245 

78,123 

76.540 

86,118 

96.577 

102.422 

106,235 

106,751 

141,286 
144,717 
148,411 
146.795 
149.406 | 
160,534 i 
180,059 j 
198,427 
216,146 ] 
226.372 



1,000 
pounds 
2,981 
3,948 
3,651 
3.640 
4,312 
4,200 
5,505 
5,371 
5,-533 
4,940 



6,594 
7,748 
9.770 
7.582 
7,399 



7,703 
8,449 



3.610 
3.729 
3.935 
4,147 
3,361 
4,253 
4.139 
4,325 
3,259 
3,954 

13.580 
14,271 
15.334 
17,557 
15.255 
15.852 
18,313 
17.399 
17,241 
18,502 



Apparent 
disappear- 
ance 
('cleaned 
in shell) 2 



1,000 
pounds 
241,784 


1,000 
pounds 


247,802 




228,660 




240,006 




245,375 




251,827 




284.807 




300.541 




289.510 




282.794 




205,830 




255,550 




283,389 




276,503 




293,713 




292,349 




290.268 




273,999 




314. 2S0 




300,431 




281,213 




284.425 




291.536 




292.352 




307.764 




335,016 




357,648 




373,010 




398,348 




448,500 




728,827 

7S7.777 
803,585 


83,347 
80,619 
81,989 



846,852 
879,192 
932.723 
947.550 
1,002,138 
1,031,725 



84,672 
84,344 
85,901 
94.648 
92.302 
91,534 
103,887 



1 Excludes peanut butter made by manufacturers for own use in candy and/or peanut butter sandwiches. 

2 Apparent disappearance represents stocks beginning of year plus production, minus stocks at end of year. 
Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1949-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 191. 



SOYBEANS 



131 



Table 190. — Soybeans: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States, 1954-69 





Acreage 
grown 
alone 
for all 

purposes 


Acreage 
grazed, 
plowed 
under, 
etc. 1 


Soybeans for beans 


Year 


Acreage 
harvested 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 

by 
farmers 2 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, 

year beginning 

July 




Do- 
mestic 4 
exports 


Imports 


1954 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

16,444 

17,047 

18,620 

20,620 

20,857 

23,993 

22,080 

22,631 

23,655 

27,003 

27,608 

28,615 

29,846 

30,793 

34,449 

36,546 

39,767 

41,104 

40,857 


Bushels 
19.7 
20.0 
20.1 
21.8 
23.2 
24.2 
28.4 
23.5 
23.5 
25.1 
24.2 
24.4 

22^8 
24.5 
25.4 
24.5 
26.8 
27.3 


1,000 
bushels 
324,065 
341,075 
373,682 
449,251 
483,425 
580,250 
515,628 
532,899 
555,085 
678,554 
669,186 
699,165 
669,714 
700,921 
845,608 
928,481 
976,060 
1,103,129 
1,116,876 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1954 

1955 


18,541 
19,674 
21,700 
21,928 
25,108 


949 

656 
854 
885 

885 


2.46 
2.22 
2.18 
2.07 
2.00 


840,767 

830,909 

980,299 

1,002,641 

1,160,112 


51,087 
71,097 
76,686 
87,936 
102,829 


1 
2 


1956 


( s ) 


1957. 


2 


1958 


2 


1959 




1959 


23,349 
24,440 

27,787 
28,418 
29,462 


597 
543 
541 
497 

470 


1.96 
2.13 
2.28 
2.34 
•2.51 


1,046,468 
1,184,910 
1,543,909 
1,564,352 
1,755,076 


131,891 
143,171 
147,473 
171.001 

187,568 


1 


1960 


4 


1961 


( 3 ) 


1962 


( 3 ) 


1963 


1 


1964 




1964 . 


31,605 
35,227 
37,294 
40,776 
42,037 
42,088 


465 


2.62 
2.54 
2.75 
2.49 
2.43 
2.31 


1,836,441 
2,151,305 
2,553,407 
2,432,564 
2,679,210 
2,580,029 


208,666 
256,584 
251,785 
265,237 
290,712 


( 3 ) 


1965 


( 3 ) 


1966 




( 3 ) 


1967 


1,009 

933 

1,231 


( 3 ) 


1968 . 


( 3 ) 


1969 4 











1 For data on soybean hay, see table 391. Beginning in 1965, estimates discontinued. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and pur- 
chases by the Government valued at the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 

3 Less than 500 bushels. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture re- 
turns from the Bureau of the Census. Foreign trade from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Data for 
1924-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 192. 



Table 191. — Soybeans: Price-support operations, United States, 1960-70 





Support price 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel re- 
ceived by 
farmers 


Put under support 3 


Acquired 

by CCC 

under 

support 

program 4 




Year beginning 
September l 


Per bushel 


Percentage 
of parity 2 


Quantity 


Percentage of 
production 


CCC 
Aug. 31 « 


1960 


Dollars 
1.85 
2 30 
2.25 
2.25 
2.25 
2.25 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.25 
2.25 


Percent 

64 
80 
76 
75 
74 
74 
78 
76 
74 
62 
5 60 


Dollars 
2.13 
2.28 
2.34 
2.51 
2.62 
2.54 
2.75 
2.49 
2.43 
5 2.31 


1,000 bushels 

25,617 

132,465 

68,780 

72,835 

28,573 

86,573 

153,849 

201,875 

339,691 

5 178,173 


Percent 

4.6 
19.5 
10.3 
10.4 

4.1 
10.2 
16.6 
20.7 
30.8 
5 16.0 


1,000 bushels 

7 

60,506 

1,186 

12,191 

8 

29 

5 18,055 

5 62,924 

5 135,407 


1,000 bushels 


1961 


42,517 
1 654 


1962 . . 


1963 


3,039 
9 


1964 . . 


1965 


9 


1966. . 


7,340 
29,435 
171 423 


1967 


1968 . 


1969 




1970 



















1 Year beginning October through 1964; CCC-owned stocks as of Sept. 30 through 1965. 

2 Percentage of the parity price as of the beginning of the marketing year. 

5 Includes loans made, purchase agreements entered into, and direct purchases. 

4 Acquisitions from crop harvested in the year indicated and not acquisitions during that year. 

5 Preliminary. 



Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 
table 201. 



Data for 1949-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



132 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 192. — Soybeans: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



Grown alone for all 
purposes 



Soybeans for beans 



Acreage harvested 



Yield per acre 



1967 



19GS 



1969 1 



196; 



196S 



10nO. 



196S 



New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania . . 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota . . 
South Dakota. .. 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina. 
South Carolina. . 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

United States. 



1.000 


1,000 


U 000 


1.000 


1.000 


1.000 








acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


Bushels 


Bushels 


Bushels 


4 


6 


5 


4 


6 


5 


23.0 


22.0 


21.0 


10 


4S 


49 


o- 


45 


46 


26.0 


24.0 


2S.0 


•25 


25 


27 


99 


99 


25 


27.0 


24.0 


30.0 


2.256 


2.2SS 


2. 3 SO 


2,231 


2.276 


2.344 


22.5 


30.5 


29 


2.917 


3.267 


3.300 


2.S9S 


3.246 


3.27S 


24.5 


32.0 


32.0 


6.045 


6,717 


6.710 


6.009 


6.663 


6.596 


31.0 


31.5 


33.5 


522 


480 


52S 


509 


463 


514 


20.0 


26.0 


23.0 


192 


165 


ISO 


1S5 


161 


174 


1S.0 


22.0 


19.0 


3.644 


3.2S6 


3.214 


3 591 


3.232 


3.167 


19.5 


22.0 


24.0 


5.361 


5.576 


5.464 


5.246 


5.561 


5.2S3 


27.5 


32.0 


33.0 


3.519 


3,695 


3.252 


3.423 


3.663 


3.150 


22.0 


2S.0 


26.0 


300 


219 


188 


290 


215 


185 


13.0 


15.5 


16.5 


377 


305 


271 


370 


300 


25 S 


16.5 


17.5 


24.5 


801 


S01 


S25 


7S2 


7*9 


S13 


22 .5 


23.5 


33.0 


S46 


973 


866 


S25 


957 


852 


22.5 


25.0 


23.0 


149 


159 


165 


146 


156 


162 


26.0 


19.0 


29.0 


193 


214 


210 


1S7 


209 


205 


2S.5 


25.0 


33.0 


416 


399 


3S3 


383 


372 


361 


21.5 


19.0 


25.0 


1.264 


1.163 


1.05S 


1.117 


972 


933 


24.5 


17.5 


26.0 


1.077 


1.023 


992 


1.046 


931 


959 


22.5 


12.5 


22.5 


5S3 


525 


514 


542 


472 


467 


24.0 


15.0 


24.0 


102 


145 


174 


100 


143 


169 


28.0 


24.0 


27.0 


420 


491 


520 


3SS 


466 


4S5 


2S.0 


26.5 


28.0 


1,185 


1.26S 


1,268 


1.115 


1.193 


1.193 


25.0 


21.0 


24.0 


512 


594 


6S-3 


4S4 


00, 


641 


27.0 


22.0 


23.0 


2.204 


2.1S2 


2.357 


2.120 


2.120 


2.290 


23.5 


27.0 


22.0 


4.025 


4.025 


4,307 


3.9S9 


3.9S9 


4.22* 


23.0 


22.0 


20.5 


1.353 


1.475 


1.696 


1.306 


1.436 


1,600 


23 


27.0 


19.0 


174 


191 


220 


164 


1S4 


204 


22.0 


21.0 


17.0 


270 


332 


282 


25^ 


312 


262 


26.0 


27.0 


29.0 


40.776 


42.037 


42, OSS 


39.767 


41,104 


40.S57 


24.5 


26. S 


27.3 



Sovbeans for beans — Continued 



Production 



Price : for crop of- 



196S 



196S 



New York 

New Jersey. . . . 
Pennsylvania . . 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota... . 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 



Mississippi . 
Arkansas . . 
Louisiana . . 
Oklahoma. 
Texas 



United States. 



1,000 bushels 


.000 bushels 


r.000 bushels 


Dollar* 


DoU-ars 


Dolkrs 


92 


132 


105 


2.34 | 


2.25 


2.10 


962 


1.0S0 


1 °SS 


2.48 


2.37 


2.35 


594 


52 S 


750 


2 39 


2.32 


2.30 


50.19S 


69.41S 


67.976 


2.52 


2 40 


2.30 


71.001 


103. S72 


104. S96 


9 4S 


2.40 


2.30 


1S6.279 


209, SS4 


220.966 


2.53 


2.4S 


2.35 


10. ISO 


12.03S 


11,822 


2.47 


2.39 


2.30 


3.330 


3.542 


3.306 


2.45 


2.36 


2.30 


70.024 


71.104 


76,008 


2.49 


2.42 


2.25 


144.265 


177.952 


174.339 


2.50 


2.44 


2.25 


75.306 


102,564 


SI. 9 00 


2.47 


2.40 


2.30 


3.770 


3.332 


3,052 


2.40 ! 


2.33 


2.20 


6.105 


5.250 


6.321 


2.44 


2.37 


2.20 


17.595 


IS. 377 


26.S29 


2.44 , 


2.38 


2.20 


IS. 562 


23.925 


19.596 


2.42 


2.30 


2.20 


3.796 


2.964 


4.69S 


2.44 


2.40 


2.30 


5.330 


5.225 


6.765 


2.44 


2.39 


2.30 


S.234 


7.06S 


9.025 


2.44 ! 


2.44 


2.35 


27.366 


17.010 


24.25S 


2.47 


2.44 


2.35 


23.535 


11,638 


21.57S 


2.51 


2.47 


2.35 


13.00S 


7,080 


11,208 


2.46 


2.45 


2.40 


2.SO0 


3.432 


4.563 


2.51 


2.44 


2.35 


10,864 


12.349 


13.5S0 


2.45 


2.39 


2.30 


27.S75 


25.053 


28,632 


2.43 I 


2.39 


2.30 


13,068 


12.254 


14,743 


2.50 


2.42 


2.30 


49 . S20 


57.240 


50. 3 SO 


2.52 


2.45 


2.40 


91.747 


S7.75S 


S6.674 


2.49 


2.45 


2.40 


30.O3S 


3S.772 


30.552 


2.50 ■ 


2.44 


2.35 


3. 60S 


3.S64 


3.46S . 


2.37 


2.29 


2.20 


6. 70S 


8.424 


7.59S 


2.36 


2.33 


2.20 


976.060 


1,103,129 


1,116,876 


2.49 


2.43 


2.31 



1 Preliminary. - Includes allowance for unredeemed loans and purchases by the Government valued at 

the average loan and purchase rate, by States. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



SOYBEANS 



133 



Table 193. — Soybeans: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries and the 
world, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 x 



Continent and country 


Acreage 2 


Yield per acre 




Production 




Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 s 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 3 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 

224 

27,535 

27 

21 

704 
41 

8 

28 
26 

11 

1,820 


1,000 
acres 

295 
41,104 

334 

50 

1,784 

116 

35 

121 
11 


1,000 
acres 

322 
40,857 

395 

70 

2,297 

101 

69 

124 


Bushels 
27.0 
24.0 
26.1 

15.9 
15.1 
23.4 
23.7 

6.5 
17.1 

10.4 

6.4 


Bushels 
30.6 
26.8 
29.7 

16.2 
13.5 
27.5 
14.9 

14.4 
9.6 


Bushels 
23.8 
27.3 
24.2 

16.8 
15.2 
27.2 
15.9 

14.3 


1,000 
bushels 
6,044 
660,582 
699 

338 

10,657 

964 

179 

184 
443 

114 

11,692 

638 

12 

104 

110 


1,000 

bushels 

9,027 

1,103,129 

9,921 

808 

24,048 

3,197 

514 

1,731 

108 


1,000 
bushels 
7,664 


United States 4 


1,116,876 




9,553 


South America: 


1,168 




34,906 




2,756 




1,102 


Europe: 


1,764 




66 


Other Europe (excluding 
U.S.S.R.) 




U.S.S.R. (Europe and 


2,093 
135 


2,095 


10.0 
1.9 


10.2 


20,944 

260 

147 
213 

93 

312 

238,100 

2,682 

294 

12,236 

6,155 

9,012 

46 

808 


21,310 


Africa: 


300 




1 
10 
21 




8.2 
10.2 
5.2 


10 












147 


South Africa, Republic of 5 7 . . 
Asia: 


33 

20 

17 

19,770 

122 

23 

1,483 

302 

775 

4 

547 


33 


6.5 

4.7 

18.1 

12.0 
21.9 
12.5 
8.3 
20.3 
11.6 
12.6 
5 17.0 


9.1 


298 
121 


Turkey (Europe and 


14 

20,660 
130 
29 
1,473 
647 
700 
9 5 
68 


20 

19,770 

124 

25 

1,606 

254 

4' 

5 51 


13.3 

13.4 
14.3 
13.1 

9.2 
19.3 

8.1 

9 14.5 

15.5 


16.7 

12.3 
19.9 
13.4 
10.1 
19.7 

12^5 
5 21.4 


184 

278,000 
1,982 
382 
13,507 
12,478 
5,660 
9 72 
1,060 


331 


China: 
Mainland 


244,000 
2,462 




331 




16,241 




4,986 




8,414 




48 


Thailand 


1,102 






Total, excluding Ro- 
mania, "Other Europe," 
U.S.S.R., mainland 
China, North Korea, 
and North Vietnam 10 


31,896 


46,786 


47,268 


22.5 


25.3 


25.6 


716,779 


1,183,790 


1,209,690 


World total 10 


55,477 


69,780 


70,280 


18.3 


20.8 


21.2 


1,014,991 


1,454,223 


1,486,606 







1 Years shown refer to years of harvest. Southern Hemisphere crops which are harvested in the early part 
of the year are combined with those of the Northern Hemisphere harvested the latter part of the same year. 
2 Harvested acreage as far as possible. 3 Preliminary. 4 Acreage harvested for beans. 5 Planted 
area. 6 Quantities purchased by the Nigerian Marketing Boards for export. 7 European farms only. 
8 Sales. 9 Less than 5 years. 10 Includes estimates for the above countries for which data are not avail- 
able and for minor producing countries. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 

Table 194. — Soybeans for beans: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United 

States, 1960-69 









Disposition on 


farms 








Disposition on farms 






Total 


where grown 






Total 


where grown 


Crop 


Produc- 
tion 


used 
for 






Crop 
of— 


Produc- 
tion 


used 
for 




of- 


















seed 


For 


Fed 


Sold 






seed 


For 


Fed 


Sold 








seed 


to live- 
stock 


from 
farms 








seed 


to live- 
stock 


from 
farms 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1960 


555,085 


32,520 


18,580 


1,267 


535,238 


1965 


845,608 


42,867 


21,890 


866 


822,852 


1961 


678,554 


33,319 


19,303 


1,332 


657,919 


1966 


928,481 


47,057 


23,262 


957 


904,262 


1962 


669,186 


34,614 


19,681 


1,148 


648,357 


1967 


976,060 


47,840 


22,641 


948 


952,471 


1963 


699,165 


36,011 


20,117 


898 


678,150 


1968 


1,103,129 


47,653 


21,671 


846 


1,080,612 


1964 


700,921 


40,285 


21,219 


853 


678,849 


1969 1 


1,116,876 


48,753 


22,114 


940 


1,093,822 



1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced, and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data 
for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 195. 



134 



OILSEEDS. FATS. AND OILS. 1970 



Table 195. 



-Soybeans for beans: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by 
States, crop of 1969 (preliminary) 





Production 


Total 
used for 

seed 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Stafie 


For seed 


Fed to 
livestock 


Sold from 
farms 


New York 


1,000 
bushels 
105 

:.:>■> 

750 

67,976 
104,896 
220,966 

11,822 
3,306 

76,008 
174,339 

81,900 
3,052 
6.321 

26,829 

19,596 
4,698 
6,765 
9,025 

24.258 

21,578 

11,208 
4,563 

13,580 

:>.-.?: 

14,743 
50,380 
86,674 
30,552 
3,468 
7,598 


1,000 

bushels 

8 

92 

53 

3,186 

?.5~4 

" 455 

697 

235 

3,818 

6,623 

? :?.? 

182 

312 

1,030 

1,020 

168 

220 

412 

1,037 

1,032 

529 

181 

686 

1,552 

852 

2,748 

4, "So 

1,764 

209 

338 


1,000 

2 

41 

25 

1,784 

1,905 

4,249 

432 

106 

2,062 

3,047 

1,692 

82 

172 

: "- 

561 

101 

121 

251 

207 

619 

212 

27 

254 

388 

230 

824 

1,914 

88 

84 

57 


1,000 
bushels 

6 
13 
30 
136 
105 


24 
66 
76 
87 




25 
27 
39 

9 

14 
45 
73 
43 
45 

9 

14 
29 
15 






10 




1,000 
bushels 

97 


New Jersey 


1,234 
695 


Ohio 


66,056 




102,886 


Illinois 


216,717 
11 366 




3,134 




73,870 
171.205 

80,208 


Iowa 




2,970 




6 124 


Nebraska 


26,225 
18,996 




i m 




6.630 


\ lrgmia 


8,729 
23 , 978 




20,916 




10,951 


Florida 


4,527 
13,312 
28,215 


Alabama 3 


14.498 




49 . 556 




^,~- 


Louisiana 


30,464 
3,374 


Texas 


7,541 






United States 


1,116,876 


4>.75c 


22,114 


940 


1,093,822 







Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated pur- 
poses on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



Table 196. — Sovbeans: Stocks on and off farms. L'nited States. 1960—70 



- - :'s: 



1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968. 
1969. 
1970 3 



1,000 

196,648 
171,858 
257,700 
225,921 
260,421 
190,728 
284,310 
344.394 
350,634 
409,127 
367,594 



1,000 
bushels 
141,710 

72.392 
164,380 
134.600 
190,607 

98,001 
149,747 
217,410 
235,811 
276,142 
207,092 



July 1 



1,000 
bushels 
41,758 
11,395 
40,688 
36.289 
72.59S 
22,982 
19,155 
84,610 
120.586 
141,138 



Oct. 



1,000 

':■..•-'-,:,'-• 
? 4 4 
1,623 I 
13,753 
3,946 
15.144 
7,568 

4.4:: 

41,626 
71,772 



1,000 
bushels 

255.677 

_4r 45? 

262,168 
303,282 
297.510 

?o4.s:: 

334.554 
377,041 
432.333 

54:.::? 

683.425 



1,000 

bushels 

l--.:4c 

189.252 

191,375 

207,489 

185, S25 

249.035 

::' vvs 

240,500 
301,182 

44^ "4> 
522,728 



1,000 

:-...5.vJ.? 

94,155 

80,905 

111.44: 

101,551 

98,216 

108,465 

114 vt7 

114,170 

1:4.442 

314,153 



1,000 

19,814 

4,368 

43,806 

11,096 

16,767 

22,131 

31,227 

48,511 

105,618 

252,637 



1 Old crop only. Beginning 1965, estimates are for Sept. 1. 

2 Stocks at mills, elevators, and warehouses, at processing plants, commercial stocks at terminals, and those 
owned by Commodity Credit Corporation which are in transit to ports or stored in their own bins. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1942-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 197. 



SOYBEANS 135 

Table 197. — Soybeans: Supply and disappearance, United States, 1959-69 





Supply 


Year 1 


Stocks by position 


Produc- 
tion 




Farm 


Terminal mar- 
ket, interior 
mill, ele- 
vator, and 
warehouse 


Commodity 

Credit 
Corpora- 
tion 2 


Crush- 
ing 
plants 3 


Total 


Total 


1959 


1,000 

bushels 

17,072 

3,404 

1,626 

13,759 

3,959 

15,171 

7,568 

4,412 

41,626 

60,699 

71,772 


1,000 

bushels 

39,922 

13,590 

4,368 

43,547 

11,085 

16,745 

22,131 

31,227 

48,511 

105,589 

252,137 


1,000 

bushels 

873 

843 



259 

11 

22 







29 


1,000 
bushels 
4,217 
5,381 


1,000 

bushels 

62,084 

23,218 

5,994 

57,565 

15,055 

31,938 

29,699 

35,639 

90,137 

166,317 

324,409 


1,000 
bushels 
532,899 
555,085 
678,554 
669,186 
699,165 
700,921 
845,608 
928,481 
976,060 
1,103,129 
1,116,876 


1,000 
bushels 
594,983 


1960 


578,303 


1961 


684,548 


1962 


726,751 


1963 


714,220 


1964 




732 , 859 


1965 

1966 


875,307 
964,120 


1967 

1968 4 


1,066,197 
1,269,446 


1969 4 


1,441,285 











Yeari 


Disappearance 


Seed 


Crushed 5 


Feed and 
residual 


Net exports 6 


Total 


1959 

1960 


1,000 bushels 
29,292 
32,520 
33,319 
34,614 
36,011 
40,285 
42,867 
47,057 
47,840 
49,409 


1,000 bushels 
393,417 
402,217 
438,838 
474,498 
440,917 
473,074 
537,477 
559,403 
576,390 
605,920 


1,000 bushels 
7,670 
7,173 
1,513 
22,411 
13,706 
16,248 
8.733 
5,932 
9,073 
5,421 


1,000 bushels 
141,382 
130,064 
153,154 
180,347 
191,158 
205,879 
250.591 
261,591 
266,577 
286,776 


1 000 bushels 
571,761 
571,974 


1961 

1962 


626,824 
711,870 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


681 , 792 
735,486 
839,668 
873 , 983 


1967 

1968 4 


899,880 
947,526 



1 Marketing year October-September through 1964; beginning 1965, September-August. 

2 Owned by CCC and stored in bins or other storage owned or controlled by CCC. Other CCC-owned grain 
included in the estimates by positions. 

3 Included with "Terminal market, interior mill, elevator, and warehouse," beginning in 1961. 

4 Preliminary. 

5 Reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

6 Imports negligible. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1942-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 199. 



Table 198. — Soybeans: Crushings, and oil and meal stocks, production, and foreign 

trade, United States, 1959-69 



Year 
begin- 
ning 
Octo- 
ber 


Soybeans crushed 


Soybean oil 


Soybean cake and meal 


Oct.- 
Dec. 


Jan.- 
Mar. 


Apr.- 
June 


July- 
Sept. 


Total 


Stocks 
Oct.l 


Pro- 
duction 


Exports 


Stocks 
Oct.l 


Pro- 
duction 


Im- 
ports x 


Exports 


1959... 
1960. . . 
1961... 
1962... 
1963... 
1964... 
1965. . . 
1966... 
1967... 
1968... 
1969 4 .. 


1,000 
bushels 
105,462 
110,801 
113,729 
125,530 
119,137 
131,139 
141,237 
143,653 
152,600 
162,479 
186,968 


1,000 
bushels 
99,877 
108.347 
116,116 
123,507 
104,343 
121,617 
144,717 
142,106 
148,090 
149,442 


1,000 
bushels 
97,761 
99,113 
109,380 
116,044 
106,671 
116,197 
138,699 
145,507 
140,960 
155,465 


1.000 
bushels 
90,317 
83,956 
99,613 
109,417 
110,766 
1.04,121 
117,730 
135,054 
130,777 
147,837 


1,000 
bushels 
393,417 
402,217 
438,838 
474,498 
440,917 
473,074 
542.383 
566,130 
572,427 
615,223 


Million 
pounds 
298 
308 
677 
618 
920 
578 
297 
462 
596 
540 
415 


Million 
pounds 
4,338 
4,420 
4,790 
5,091 
4,822 
5,146 
5,800 
6,076 
6,032 
6,531 


Million 
pounds 

953 
3 721 
3 1,308 
3 1,165 
3 1,106 
3 1,357 

948 
1,105 

993 

899 


1,000 
tons 
58 
83 
78 
94 
159 
122 
106 
132 
138 
145 
157 


1,000 
tons 
9,152 
9,452 
10,342 
11,127 
10,009 
11,286 
12,901 
13,483 
13,660 
14,581 


1,000 
tons 
(') 











1,000 
tons 
649 
590 
1,064 
1,476 
1,478 
2,036 
2,602 
2,657 
2,899 
3,044 























1 Imports for consumption. 2 Less than 500 tons. 

3 Includes estimates of foreign donations, not reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Data for 1944-58 in Agri- 
cultural Statistics, 1967, table 198. 



136 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 199. — Soybeans, soybean oil, and soybean oilseed cake and meal: United States 
exports by country of destination, crop years 1966-68 * 



Continent and country 
of destination 


Soybeans 


Soybean oil s 


Soybean oilseed cake 
and meal 


1966 


1967 


1968 2 


1966 


1967 


1968 * 


1966 


1967 


1968 J 


North America: 


1,000 

bushels 



24,201 

4 



259 






1,000 

bushels 



21,736 



( 4 ) 

308 






1,000 

bushels 



37,856 



( 4 ) 

824 






1,000 

pounds 

3 

21,743 

14,509 

8,459 

116 

1,210 

13,208 


1,000 

pounds 



25,075 

16,604 

9,389 

11,332 

1,439 

10,814 


1,000 

pounds 

10 

29,049 

19,155 

11,589 

4,168 

871 

352 


Tons 

150 

238,399 



4,143 

16,985 

482 

2,536 


Tons 

448 

277,828 



4,219 

2,673 



1,085 


Tons 






262 857 


Haiti . . 







7,325 
870 











1 358 






Total 5 


24,469 


22,044 


38,680 


78,145 


128,483 


98,893 


280,215 


253,220 


285,983 






South America: 


1 





( 4 ) 


1,249 








1,336 








1,650 


819 
14,108 
18,493 
10,055 
13,904 
26 
4,609 


514 
33,237 
8,502 
5,662 
4,878 
24 
2,275 


300 
30,513 
7,514 
8,793 
9,473 
13 
2,724 








99 

275 

108 

105 






2 

50 
64 





Chile 















Peru 







200 




88 






Total 5 


1,252 


1,343 


1,654 


93,233 


77,325 


71,254 


984 


368 


319 






Europe: 
Belgium and Luxembourg 


8,812 

761 

14,843 

2,241 

32,657 

( 4 ) 





18,041 

35,991 

5,730 

1,714 

27,356 

2 

422 

3,840 

362 


8,698 

149 

15,516 

551 

31,966 

1 





14,788 

36,835 

4,959 

1,256 

29,498 

1 

431 

3,919 




10,237 

240 

11,797 

284 

30,515 







16,428 

40,660 

4,247 

1,381 

31,172 

3 

380 

4,840 




174 



94 

233 

57 

23,427 

736 



192 

46 

4 

13,766 

6,288 

194 



9 

114,721 


15 





18 

234 



480 



133 

332 

21 

15,645 

1,491 

20 



48 




11 



33 

50 

121 



45 



113 

309 



4,332 



14 



1,355 

7 


221,447 

16,622 

109,392 

431,484 

458,100 

6,275 

65 

22,697 

192,019 

417,919 



51,225 

8,089 

233 

20,227 

86,113 

159,292 


240,691 

11,574 

66,010 

495,417 

508,191 

2,095 



31,012 

190,507 

546,921 



80,633 

14,974 

527 

9,446 

81,963 

113,676 


166,856 
2,205 




18,267 




471,844 




636,521 




272 









43 , 154 


Italv 


231 901 




515,845 




2 


Poland 


102,994 




96,082 




298 




64,336 




38,539 




143,311 






Total 5 


153,692 


148,568 


152,731 


166,548 


21,897 


7,484 


2,282,859 


2,525,988 


2,639,543 






Africa: 




















13,995 

11,459 

918 

58,226 




54,790 

404 




2,700 

28,136 

131 








21 

832 






27 

497 










South Africa, Republic of 


4 
1,750 






Total 5 








( 4 ) 


196,964 


164,483 


107,277 


7,491 


531 


1,754 






Asia: 


1 

9,434 

60,717 

801 



11 

10,976 




4 

9,515 

73,739 

639 





10,632 






6,541 

69,883 

632 





16,590 




228,760 

32,516 

38 

756 

146,619 

10,469 

12,695 

7,545 


195,813 
49,427 

2,534 
223,728 
3,212 
4,727 
3,139 


327,946 

34,199 

1,512 

2,111 

113,799 

64 



369 


1,335 

66 
2,396 


30,399 




2,351 

47 

16,274 

111 



47,679 






553 




28 




19,931 




3,923 









43,844 


China (Taiwan) 





Turkey 









Total 5 


82,173 


94,617 


93,703 


535,838 


567,171 


582,296 


48,729 


92,258 


91,288 






Oceania: 








1 


33 


9 


72 















Total 5 


5 


5 


6 


5,543 


7,866 


2,358 


36,340 


27,098 


25,441 








261,591 


266,577 


286,774 


1,076,271 


967,225 


869,562 


2,656,618 


2,899,463 


3,044,328 







1 For soybeans, year begins Sept. 1; for soybean oil and oilseed cake and meal, year begins Oct. 1. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Crude and refined oil combined as such. Includes shipments under P.L. 480 as reported by the Census 
Bureau. 

4 Less than 500 bushels. 

5 Includes small quantities exported to countries not shown. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the L'.S. Department of Commerce. 



SOYBEANS; OLIVE OIL 



137 



Table 200. — Soybeans, soybean oil, and meal: Average price at specified markets, 

1959-68 





Soybeans, 


Oil, domestic, 


Meal, 




Soybeans, 


Oil, domestic, 


Meal, 




per 


per pound 


per ton 




per 


per pound 


per ton 




bushel 








bushel 








Year 








Year 
beginning 










beginning 


















October 




Crude, 


Edible, 


44 percent 


October 




Crude, 


Edible, 


44 percent 




No. 2 


tanks, 


drums, 


protein, 




No. 2 


tanks, 


drums, 


protein, 




Yellow, 


mid- 


New 


bulk, 




Yellow, 


mid- 


New 


bulk, 




Chicago ! 


western 
mills 


York 


Decatur 




Chicago 1 


western 
mills 


York 


Decatur 




Dollars 


Cents 


Cents 


Dollars 




Dollars 


Cents 


Cents 


Dollars 


1959 


2.16 


8.3 


2 10.1 


55.55 


1964 


2.82 


11.4 


13.2 


70.20 


1960 


2.17 


11.3 


13.1 


60.60 


1965 


2.63 


11.8 


13.8 


81.50 


1961 


2.43 


9.5 


11.4 


63.60 


1966 


2.92 


10.1 


12.1 


78.80 


1962 


2.54 


8.9 


10.7 


71.25 


1967 


2.64 


8.4 


10.7 


76.90 


1963 


2.74 


8.5 


10.3 


71.00 


1968 


2.56 


8.3 


10.2 


74.10 



1 Prices are weighted by carlot sales. 

2 Beginning January 1959, quotations are price-per-pound tanks. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 202. 



Table 201. — Olive oil: x Production in specified countries and the world, 1966-69 



Country 



Europe: 
France .... 
Greece .... 

Italy 

Portugal . . 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 

Total . . . 

Middle East: 

Israel 

Jordan. . . . 

Syria 

Lebanon . . 
Turkey... 

Total . . . 



1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


metric 


metric 


metric 


metric 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


2 


2 


2 


2 


180 


194 


154 


150 


320 


537 


384 


420 


38 


81 


53 


63 


437 


258 


480 


358 


5 


7 


2 


5 


982 


1,079 


1,075 


998 


1 


3 


2 


2 


7 


18 


12 


18 


23 


22 


22 


21 


5 


12 


5 


7 


110 


60 


126 


50 


146 


115 


167 


98 



Country 



Africa: 

Algeria 

Morocco 

Tunisia 

Libya 

Total 

Others 3 

World total 



1,000 
metric 
tons 
16 
18 
20 
5 



1,201 



1967 



1,000 
metric 
tons 
22 
18 
51 
23 



114 



20 



1,328 



1,000 

metric 

tons 

17 

50 

55 



1,381 



1,000 
metric 
tons 
21 
18 
25 
13 



77 



,190 



1 Production in marketing year beginning Nov. 1; excludes sulfur oil. 

2 Preliminary. 

s Largely Argentina. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



138 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 202. — Tung nuts : Production, season average price per ton received by growers, 
value, tung oil production, stocks, domestic disappearance, and foreign trade, 
United States, 1954-69 





Tung nuts 1 


Tung oil 


Year 


Production 


Price 


Farm 
value 


Production 


Stocks 
Dec. 31 


Domestic 
disappear- 
ance 


Imports 
for con- 
sumption 


Exports 
and re- 
exports 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 2 


Tons 
51,050 
6,200 

103,460 
82,650 

146,700 

110,600 
42,600 

111,540 
22,800 
73,500 

123,300 
33,300 
82,900 
40,100 
17,000 
18,900 


Dollars 
59.40 
64.00 
53.40 
52.30 
53.20 
52.40 
62.50 
87.30 
122.00 
65.50 
61.70 
60.50 
57.90 
66.10 
67.00 
60.50 


1,000 

dollars 
3,032 
397 
5,524 
4,323 
7,810 
5,797 
2,661 
9,741 
2,786 
4,814 
7,607 
2,016 
4,804 
2,650 
1,139 
1,143 


1,000 
pounds 
32,647 
10,224 
13,174 
30,315 
30,751 
40,600 
29,900 
16,000 
28,000 
11,800 
24,500 
26,700 
14,300 
25,400 
5,000 
5,000 


1,000 

pounds 
51,468 
28,537 
20,052 
30,107 
47,900 
39,100 
30,700 
11,800 
17,400 
15,300 
35,700 
52,400 
63,700 
70,700 
60,700 
54,902 


1,000 

pounds 
48,365 
50,601 
51,261 
48,464 
40,882 
48,474 
39,715 
40,358 
33,529 
30,663 
31,290 
32,277 
32,569 
36,754 
37,736 
31,404 


1,000 

pounds 
36,478 
21,054 
31,306 
29,170 
28,352 
23,316 
23,358 
26,894 
21,219 
19,466 
29,149 
23,266 
30,373 
19,934 
16,678 
22,464 


1,000 
pounds 

238 

3,608 

1,704 

966 

426 

24,243 

21,944 

21,436 

10,090 

2,703 

1,959 

988 

802 

1,580 

1,942 

1,848 



1 Data on tung nuts in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana; includes Georgia in 1954-61. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Data on tung oil from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 203. 



Table 203. — Tung nuts: Production and season average price per ton received by 
growers, 4 principal States, 1967-69 



State 


Production • 


Price for crop of — ■ 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Florida 


Tons 

9,500 

700 

25,300 

4,600 


Tons 
12,000 
( 3 ) 
4,100 
900 


Tons 

14,000 

900 

2,000 

2,000 


Dollars 
65.00 
62.00 
67.00 
64.00 


Dollars 
67.00 
( 3 ) 
67.00 
67.00 


Dollars 
65.00 
41.00 


Mississippi 

Louisiana 


49.00 
49.00 


United States 


40 , 100 


17,000 


18,900 


66.10 


67.00 


60.50 



1 Production and price in terms of air-dried nuts in the husk. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Production too small to warrant quantitative estimate. 

Statistical Reporting Service. The yield of oil from unhusked tung nuts varies from year to year but is 
usually estimated at around 16 percent of the weight of the nuts. Production and supply of tung oil appear 
in table 202. 



MARGARINE 



139 



Table 204. — Margarine, actual weight: Supply and disposition, United States, 

1954-69 





Supply 


Disposition 


Year 


Production 


Stocks, 
Jan. 1 


Total 
supply 


Exports 

and 

shipments 


Domestic disappearance 




Military 


Civilian 




Total 


Per capita 


1954 


Million 
pounds 
1,364 
1,334 
1,370 
1,463 
1,573 
1,611 
1,695 
1,724 
1,726 
1,794 
1,857 
1,904 
2,110 
2,114 
2,141 
2,182 


Million 
pounds 
22 
27 
24 
28 
26 
38 
34 
33 
33 
39 
36 
48 
42 
53 
60 
49 


Million 
pounds 
1,386 
1,361 
1,394 
1,490 
1,599 
1,649 
1,729 
1,756 
1,759 
1,833 
1,893 
1,952 
2,152 
2,167 
2,201 
2,231 


Million 

pounds 

8 

8 

9 

10 

9 

10 

10 

8 

9 

9 

9 

8 

14 

15 

10 

12 


Million 

pounds 

5 

6 

4 

8 

3 

2 

11 

7 

2 

2 

2 

11 

46 

47 

12 

13 


Million 
pounds 
1,346 
1,323 
1,354 
1,446 
1,549 
1,604 
1,676 
1,708 
1,709 
1,785 
1,835 
1,891 
2,038 
2,046 
2,130 
2,154 


Pounds 

8.5 


1955 


8.2 


1956 


8.2 


1957 


8.6 


1958 


9.0 


1959 . . . 


9.2 


1960 


9.4 


1961 . 


9.4 


1962 


9.3 


1963 


9.6 


1964 


9.7 


1965 


9.9 


1966 


10.5 


1967 


10.5 


1968 


10.8 


1969 » 


10.8 







1 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Totals and per capita estimates computed from unrounded numbers, 
for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 206. 



Data 



Table 205. — Margarine: Fats and oils used in manufacture, United States, 1960-69 





Vegetable oils 


Animal fats and 
oils 




Year 


Soy- 
bean 
oil 


Cotton- 
seed 
oil 


Peanut 
oil 


Corn 
oil 


Coco- 
nut 
oil 


Safflower 
oil 


Otber 


Lard 


Beef 
fats 


Total 


1960 


Million 
pounds 
1,105 
1,062 
1,058 
1,049 
1,139 
1,112 
1,294 
1,249 
1,240 
1,334 


MiUion 

pounds 

136 

139 

106 

104 

101 

114 

106 

78 

70 

76 


MiUion 
pounds 
4 
3 
4 
4 

10 
4 
6 
5 
4 
3 


MiUion 
pounds 
55 
89 
99 
136 
150 
161 
157 
176 
179 
172 


Million 
pounds 
4 
3 
5 
4 
6 
5 
12 
15 
14 
15 


MiUion 
pounds 


MiUion 

pounds 

1 

11 

37 

36 

5 

14 

1 

4 

3 

3 


MiUion 

pounds 

56 

72 

70 

84 

64 

100 

82 

125 

153 

86 


Million 

pounds 

6 

6 

10 
11 
13 
14 
5 
10 
15 
12 


MiUion 
pounds 
1,367 
1,386 
1 394 


1961 

1962 


'•■ 6' 

22 
12 
10 
46 
42 
42 
43 


1963 


1,451 
1,500 
1,535 
1,710 
1 703 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967.... 


1968 


1720 


1969 > . . 


1 744 







1 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Totals com- 
puted from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 207. 



140 OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 

Table 206. — Shortening: Supply and disposition, United States, 1954-69 





Supply- 


Disposition 


Year 


Factory 

and 

warehouse 

stocks, 

Jan. 1 


Production 


Total 
supply J 


Exports 


Shipments 

to U.S. 
Territories 2 


Domestic disappearance 




Military 


Civilian 


Civilian, 
per person 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Million 

pounds 
94 
120 
143 
122 
120 
127 
115 
120 
123 
165 
119 
121 
117 
119 
139 
143 


Million 

pounds 
1,961 
1,975 
1,842 
1,808 
2,006 
2,252 
2,313 
2,456 
2,689 
2,584 
2,664 
2,792 
3,181 
3,226 
3,312 
3,485 


Million 

pounds 
2,055 
2,095 
1,985 
1,930 
2,126 
2,380 
2,428 
2,576 
2,812 
2,749 
2,783 
2,913 
3,298 
3,345 
3,451 
3,628 


Million 
pounds 
14 
39 
9 

13 

29 

32 

26 

3 87 

3 131 

3 61 

16 

40 

30 

28 

34 

23 


Million 
pounds 
3 
3 
3 
4 
4 
5 
5 
5 
8 
5 
5 
5 
12 
11 
10 
9 


Million 

pounds 
45 
47 
54 
37 
30 
32 
39 
51 
39 
39 
43 
57 
59 
58 
53 
54 


Million 

pounds 
1,870 
1,803 
1,797 
1,756 
1,935 
2,196 
2,238 
2,311 
2,469 
2,525 
2,598 
2,695 
3,079 
3,108 
3,211 
3,404 


Pounds 
11.8 
11.5 
10.9 
10.4 
11.3 
12.6 
12.6 
12.8 
13.4 
13.5 
13.7 
14.0 
15.9 
15.9 
16.2 
17.0 



1 Includes imports, which are negligible. 

2 Shipments to Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands only. 

3 Includes estimates of foreign donations, not reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from reports of the Commerce and Agriculture Departments. Data 
for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 208. 



Table 207. — Shortening: Fats and oils used in manufacture, United States, 1960-69 



Year 



1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



Vegetable oils 



Cotton- 
seed oil 



Million 
pounds 
365 
356 
367 
330 
378 
403 
370 
273 
248 
250 



Soybean 
oil 



Million 
pounds 
1,169 
1,160 
1,362 
1,228 
1,388 
1,471 
1,734 
1,741 
1,842 
2,088 



Ccconut 
oil 



Million 
pounds 
10 
26 
27 
19 
18 
20 
38 
40 
41 
48 



Peanut 


Corn oil 


oil 




Million 


Million 


pounds 


pounds 


2 


4 


3 


14 


1 


7 


3 


3 


5 


8 


3 


8 


14 


8 


24 


12 


21 


10 


16 


13 



Other 



Million 

pounds 

3 

22 

23 

22 

19 

19 

46 

70 

76 

120 



Animal fats and oils 



Lard 



Million 
pounds 
480 
530 
571 
594 
446 
456 
491 
576 
601 
477 



Beef fats 



Million 
pounds 
268 
348 
338 
413 
430 
388 
491 
506 
487 
484 



Total 
primary 
and sec- 
ondary 
fats and 
oils 



Million 
pounds 



459 
696 
611 

693 
768 
192 
243 
326 



1 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 
puted from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 209. 



Totals com- 



FATS AND OILS; DRYING-OIL INDUSTRIES 



141 



Table 208. — Food fats and oils (including fat content of butter) : Supply and disposi- 
tion, United States, 1960-69 x 



Year 


Stocks, 
Jan. 1 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Imports 


Food uses 

of other 

fats and 

oils 3 


Total 
supply 


Ex- 
ports 2 4 


Nonfood 
use 


Net domestic 

disappearance of 

fats and oils 

for food 5 




Total 


Per 

capita 


1960 

1961 


Million 
pounds 
1,313 
1,272 
1,782 
2,018 
2,396 
1,497 
1,041) 
1,363 
1,583 
1,424 


Million 
pounds 
12,321 
12,334 
13,331 
13,681 
14,051 
14,267 
14,504 
14,546 
14,919 
15,818 


Million 
pounds 
71 
84 
90 
49 
72 
49 
65 
78 
91 
62 


Million 
pounds 
224 
279 
336 
307 
307 
347 
488 
587 
552 
600 


Million 
pounds 
13,929 
13,969 
15,538 
16,054 
16,826 
16,160 
16,098 
16,574 
17,145 
17,905 


Million 
pounds 
3,944 
3,358 
4,463 
4,319 
5,633 
5,205 
4,273 
4,579 
4,799 
5,326 


Million 
pounds 
546 
531 
544 
579 
572 
621 
685 
635 
675 
625 


Million 
pounds 
8,168 
8,299 
8,513 
8,759 
9,124 
9,294 
9,821 
9,794 
10,248 
10,479 


Pounds 
45.2 
45.2 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


45.6 
46.3 
47.5 
47.8 


1966 

1967 

1968 


49.9 
49.2 
50.9 


1969 6 


51.6 



cottonseed, peanut, soybean, corn, and olive oils; and 
include margarine, shortening, vegetable stearine, and 



1 Includes butter (fat content), lard, and beef fats; 
minor oils such as sesame. Stocks and exports also 
secondary edible oils. 

2 Production and exports also include oil equivalent of exported soybeans, cottonseed, and peanuts for 
crushing abroad. 

3 Chiefly coconut, palm kernel, and palm oils. 

4 Includes shipments to U.S. Territories. 

5 In some years, disappearance cannot be computed from data contained in this table, as adjustments have 
been made because additional items have been incorporated in stock data. 

6 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from reports of the Commerce and Agriculture Departments. Totals 
and per capita estimates computed from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 
1967, table 210. 



Table 209. — Drying-oil industries: Fats and oils used, United States, 1960-69 



Year 















Other 


Sec- 




Linseed 


Soybean 


Tung 


Fish 


Castor 


Oiticica 


primary 


ondary 


Tall 


oil 


oil 


oil 


oil 


oil 


oil 


fats and 
oils 


fatty 
materials 


oil 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


351 


172 


38 


49 


85 


15 


7 


31 


86 


365 


163 


38 


73 


75 


7 


6 


32 


96 


374 


166 


32 


70 


92 


16 


9 


28 


104 


388 


178 


31 


22 


101 


5 


17 


31 


105 


372 


188 


31 


41 


111 


10 


23 


24 


102 


328 


208 


34 


80 


107 


8 


4 


23 


117 


310 


214 


33 


130 


89 


8 


1 


24 


114 


315 


192 


37 


65 


92 


1 


5 


43 


107 


251 


193 


38 


122 


89 


11 


8 


47 


109 


278 


185 


32 


62 


65 


12 


9 


43 


90 



Total > 



1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968. 
1969 2 



Million 
pounds 
833 
855 
891 
879 
902 
909 
923 
859 
868 
775 



1 Excludes fats and oils used in fatty acids, many of which are used in drying-oil products. 

2 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. These estimates include utilization in paints, varnishes, floor coverings, 
printing inks, core oil, resins, insulation, linings, packings, caulking compounds, oilcloth, and other coated 
fabrics. Compiled from reports of the Commerce and Interior Departments. Totals computed from unround- 
ed numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 211. 



142 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 210. — Total fats and oils (including fat content of butter) : Supply, disposition, 
and utilization, United States, 1960-69 





Supply 


Disposition 


Year 


Production 

from domestic 

materials 1 


Imports and 

production 

from imported 

materials 


Stocks, Jan. 1 


Total 


Exports » 2 


Domestic 
disappearance 


I960 


Million 

pounds 
17,352 
17,611 
18,712 
19,338 
20,672 
20,532 
21,013 
21,004 
21,501 
22,432 


Million 

pounds 

1,075 
1,145 
1,171 
1,104 
1,131 
1,189 
1,359 
1,316 
1,385 
1,410 


Million 

pounds 
3 2.325 
2,138 
2,814 
3,193 
3,599 
2,721 
2,445 
2,794 
2,668 
2,405 


Million 

pounds 
20,752 
20,894 
22,697 
23,635 
25,402 
24,442 
24,817 
25,114 
25,554 
26,247 


Million 

pounds 
5,965 
5,194 
6,007 
6,551 
8,211 
7,481 
6,725 
7,248 
7,356 
7,613 


Million 
pounds 

12,649 


1961 

1962 


12,898 
13,735 


1963 


13,584 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 


14,368 
14,538 
15,312 
15,145 


1968 

1969 


15,799 
16,413 



Year 



Utilization (not adjusted fcr trade and change in stocks of shortening, margarine, soap, and 
secondaries ) 



Food uses 



Butter 


Lard 


Short- 


Mar- 


(fat 


(direct) 


ening 


garine 


content) 








Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1,112 


1,361 


2,302 


1,367 


1,112 


1,398 


2,459 


1,386 


1,131 


1,320 


2,696 


1,394 


1,083 


1,194 


2,611 


1,451 


1,098 


1,197 


2,693 


1,500 


1,040 


1,226 


2,768 


1,535 


911 


1,072 


3,191 


1,710 


881 


1,056 


3,243 


1,704 


957 


1,108 


3,326 


1,720 


908 


1,018 


3,496 


1,744 



Other 



Total 



Nonfood uses 



Soap 



Drving- 
oil 

products 



Other 
indus- 
trial 



Total 



1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 
1969 



Million 
pounds 
2,094 
2,260 
2,534 
2,470 
2.855 
2,955 
2,950 
3,428 
3,481 
3,624 



Million 
pounds 
8,236 
8.614 
9,075 
8,809 
9,343 
9,524 
9,832 
10,312 
10,592 
10,790 



Million 
pounds 
892 
855 
796 
797 
803 
746 
731 
737 
726 
711 



Million 
pounds 
833 
855 
876 
860 



926 
859 
868 
775 



Million 
pounds 
2,694 
2,598 
3,147 
3,186 
3,366 
3,317 
3.749 
3,763 
3,760 
4,038 



Million 
pounds 
4,419 
4,308 



819 
843 

072 
972 
406 

359 

354 

5,524 



1 Includes oil equivalent of cottonseed, soybeans, peanuts, and flaxseed exported for crushing abroad. 

2 Includes commercial exports, voluntary or civilian relief, re-exports, and shipments to U.S. Territories. 

3 Includes General Services Administration stockpile of coconut oil. 

4 Excludes an estimate of oil equivalent of soap used in synthetic rubber. This use is included in "Other 
industrial." 

Economic Research Service. Computed from reports of the Commerce, Interior, and Agriculture Depart- 
ments. Totals computed from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 
212. 



FATS, OILS, AND OILSEEDS 



143 



Table 211. — Fats, oils, and oilseeds (fat or oil equivalent) : World production and ex- 
ports, average 1960-64, annual 1967-69 





World production l 


World exports 


3 


Commodity 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Average 
1960-64 


1967 


1968 2 


Edible vegetable oils: 4 


1,000 

tons 

2,485 

2,857 

4,087 

2,274 

1,262 

601 

154 

7 1,289 

225 


1,000 

tons 

2,390 

3,300 

5,340 

3,595 

1,740 

620 

275 

1,479 

275 


1,000 

tons 

2,415 

3,505 

5,540 

3,975 

1,880 

655 

235 

1,479 

265 


1,000 

tonj 

2,730 

2,955 

5,940 

3,980 

1,840 

600 

185 

1,487 

275 


1,000 
tons 

336 

1,021 

1,574 

5 348 

120 

92 

58 

78 74 

10 


1,000 
tons 

198 

1,214 

2,192 

1,181 

401 

95 

61 

8 77 

9 


1,000 
tons 
202 


Peanut 


1,287 
2,232 




1,250 




438 




99 




40 


Olive 6 . 


8 89 




17 






Total 


15,234 


19,014 


19,949 


19,992 


3,633 


5,428 


5,654 






Palm oils: 9 


2,342 

464 

1,322 

59 


2,314 

380 

1,275 

57 


2,260 

395 

1,480 

60 


2,242 

430 

1,650 

65 


1,412 

416 

608 

2 


1,305 

307 

602 

5 


1,357 




347 


Palm 


736 


Babassu kernel 10 


12 


Total 


4,187 


4,026 


4,195 


4,387 


2,438 


2,219 


2,452 






Industrial oils: 4 


1,101 

319 

16 

"133 


1,030 

400 

2 

156 


865 

395 

39 

134 


1,035 
405 

7 
144 


482 

195 

13 

47 


477 

190 

6 

59 


356 




255 




9 


Tung 


44 






Total 


1,569 


1,588 


1,433 


1,591 


737 


732 


664 






Animals fats: 


4,350 
4,060 
3,841 


4,835 
4,410 
4,595 


5,180 
4,440 
4,655 


5,100 
4,325 
4,645 


501 

451 

1,361 


580 

390 

1,755 


530 


Lard 12 ... 


405 




1,750 






Total 


12,251 


13,840 


14,275 


14,070 


2,313 


2,725 


2,685 






Marine oils: 
Whale 


356 
137 

685 


113 
165 

1,190 


100 

165 

1,230 


90 

165 

1,125 


356 

137 

8 347 


113 
165 

720 


100 




160 




759 






Total 


1,178 


1,468 


1,495 


1,380 


840 


998 


1,019 








34,419 


39,936 


41,347 


41,420 


9,961 


12,102 


12,474 







'Years indicated are those in which the predominant share of the given oil or fat was produced from its 
related raw material. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Exports from producing countries. 

4 Estimates of U.S. oil production include oil produced plus the oil equivalent of exported oilseeds; estimates 
for other countries are based upon the production of various oilseeds times the estimated normal proportions 
crushed for oil. 

5 Includes exports of "edible vegetable oils" from the U.S.S.R. and Romania, believed to be mainly sunflower- 
seed oil. 

6 Excludes sulfur oil. 

7 1960-63 average. 

8 Net exports. 

9 Production estimated on the basis of exports and information available on consumption in the various pro- 
ducing areas. 

10 Mill production only. 

11 Includes revised estimate for mainland China. 

12 Production relates to rendered lard only in most countries. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of office 
research, and related information. 



144 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 212. — Fats, oils, oilseeds, and oilseed cake and meal: Exports of selected items, 

United States, 1959-68 



Year 


Lard 


Inedible 
animal 
tallow, 
greases, 
and oils 1 


Tallow, 
edible 


Oilseeds and nuts 


beginning 
July 


Cotton- 
seed 


Flaxseed 


Peanuts 
unshelled 


Peanuts 
shelled 


Soybeans 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 


1,000 

pounds 
673,600 
490,059 
432,879 
444,276 
668,412 
442,514 
182,505 
168,940 
189,405 
208,941 


1,000 
pounds 
1,721,308 
1,660,256 
1,830,170 
1,664,842 
2,193,907 
2,298,427 
1,985,906 
2,149,508 
2,352,758 
2,113,330 


1,000 
pounds 
16,338 
5,946 
5,624 
4,716 
3,686 
4,952 
3,362 
6,122 
4,756 
9,704 


1,000 

pounds 

17,004 

11,118 

11,868 

22,414 

14,928 

13,792 

18,040 

10,424 

6,528 

7,562 


1,000 
pounds 
466,236 
389,917 
84,089 
242,758 
200,237 
365,358 
295,104 
418,026 
282,456 
545,196 


1,000 

pounds 

4,600 

375 

380 

1,860 

1,013 

8,773 

5,866 

852 

390 

721 


1,000 
pounds 
51,761 
54,340 
25,944 
25,988 
64,788 
117,354 
177,820 
157,889 
144,936 
79,684 


1,000 
pounds 
7,913,440 
8,590,249 
8,848,395 
10,260,086 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


11,254,106 
12,519,947 
15,395,030 
15,107,093 


1967 2 

1968 2 


15,914,237 
17,442,706 



Year 


Vegetable oils 


Oilseed cake and 
meal 


July 


Cocoa 
butter 


Coconut 
oil 


Cotton- 
seed oil 3 


Linseed 
oil 


Marga- 
rine 


Peanut 
oil 


Soybean 
oil 1 


Soybean 


Other 


1959 

I960 


1,000 
pounds 
141 
356 
111 
230 
112 
68 
300 
364 
249 
526 


1,000 
pounds 
8,885 
4,467 
2,114 
986 
5,576 
2,332 
4,502 
4,530 
5,212 
4,770 


1,000 
pounds 
560,870 
404,462 
426,492 
406,823 
475,351 
684,425 
389,210 
76,212 
50,652 
113,701 


1,000 

pounds 

54,949 

23,640 

1,684 

8,770 

14,382 

19,949 

83,702 

120,858 

52,171 

76,966 


1,000 
pounds 
4,326 
3,595 
3,024 
2,904 
2,995 
2,967 
3,509 
3,973 
5,042 
3,754 


1,000 

pounds 

13,051 

10,332 

5 11,016 

2,014 

41,150 

94,539 

21,732 

3,469 

6,172 

11,206 


1,000 

pounds 
1,039,709 

856,879 
1,026,345 
1,292,642 
1,032,454 
1,386,960 
1,009,898 
1,051,727 
1,016,808 

892,027 


Tons 

638,904 
595,063 
966,134 
1,391,469 
1,320,040 
2,124,110 
2,524,447 
2,504,689 
2,856,790 
2,990,221 


Tons 

228,566 

104,506 


1961 

1962 


28,163 
159,566 


1963 


85,389 


1964 

1965 

1966. . . 


234,216 
283,741 
149,296 


1967 i 

1968 2 


154,489 
169,797 



1 Includes inedible tallow, inedible animal oils not otherwise specified, animal greases and fats, neat's-foot oil 
and stock, oleic acid or red oil, and stearic acid, through 1964. Beginning 1965, data include inedible tallow, 
grease (except wool grease), choice white grease, and animal fats and oils, n.e.c. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes the following estimated quantities exported under Title III, P.L. 480 (Foreign Donations) (thou- 
sand pounds): 12,232 in 1960, 69,932 in 1961, 39,207 in 1962, 1,438 in 1963, and 107,705 in 1964. Beginning 
January 1965, donations included as reported by the Census Bureau. 

4 Includes the following estimated quantities exported under Title III, P.L. 480 (Foreign Donations) (thou- 
sand pounds): 18,128 in 1960, 152,781 in 1961, 92,466 in 1962, 18,004 in 1963, and 74,379 in 1964. Beginning 
January 1965, donations included as reported by the Census Bureau. 

5 Includes an estimated 10,192 thousand pounds exported under Title III, P.L. 480 (Foreign Donations). 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the Commerce and Agriculture Departments, 
for 1949-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 214. 



Data 



OILSEEDS, OILS, AND OILSEED CAKE AND MEAL 



145 



Table 213. — Oilseeds, oils, and oilseed cake and meal: Imports of selected items, 

United States, 1959-68 





Year 

beginning 

July 


Oilseeds 




Castor beans 


Copra 


Flaxseed 


Peanuts 
unsbelled 


Peanuts 
shelled 1 


Poppyseed 


1959 


/ , 000 pounds 

11,912 

457 

15,515 

11,005 

2,814 

9 

2,940 

79 

21 

8 


1 , 000 pounds 
724,222 
791,850 
714,805 
631,830 
517,874 
624,234 
580,323 
546,194 
669,772 
590,735 


1,000 pounds 

11 



3 

71 

24 

70 



40 

146 

19 


/ , 000 pounds 

613 
9 

528 
1,458 
1,801 
1,485 

751 
1,512 
1,708 

871 


1,000 pounds 
10 
112 
1,475 
782 
356 
670 
617 
591 
552 
764 


1 , 000 pounds 
8,805 


1960 


7,288 


1961 

1962 

1963 


7,414 
2,703 
6,810 


1964 

1965 

1966 


8,081 
6,573 
6,737 


1967 2 

1968 2 • 


7,139 
7,449 







Year beginning 


Oilseeds — Continued 


Vegetable oils 


July 


Rapeseed 


Sesame 
seed 


Soybeans 


Cocoa 
butter 


Castor 
oil 


Coconut 
oil 


Linseed 
oil 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 


1,000 
pounds 

622 
1,494 

702 
3,282 

513 
1,097 
1,074 

438 
1,756 
1,677 


1,000 

pounds 
15,920 
23,758 
18,036 
24,067 
23,935 
23,746 
28,292 
31,482 
34,899 
35,605 


1,000 

pounds 
28 
260 
30 
25 
33 
16 
28 
24 
46 
12 


1,000 

pounds 
11,650 
13,946 
20,141 
22,449 
12,697 
17,133 
18,385 
22,297 
19,645 
15,899 


1,000 
pounds 
115,421 
106,071 
119,104 
97,935 
86,997 
126,721 
123,376 
93,967 
87,691 
140,232 


1,000 
pounds 
171,915 
137,403 
204,333 
373,051 
415,017 
443,922 
446,694 
501,809 
430,443 
443,094 


1,000 

pounds 

2 

3 

42 

6 


1963 

1964 

1965 


17 
18 
40 


1966 

1967 2 

1968 2 


39 

15 
6 



Year beginning 


Vegetable oils — Continued 


Total oil- 


July 


Olive oil 


Palm oil 


Palm 
kernel oil 


Peanut 
oil 


Rapeseed 
oil 


Tung oil 


seed cake 
and meal 


1959 


1,000 

pounds 
55,108 
54,013 
55,825 
44,115 
54,351 
55,792 
45,558 
56,708 
57,947 
60,237 


1,000 

pounds 

35,681 

51,667 

56,621 

28,800 

7,105 

6,077 

25,923 

95,235 

54,497 

132,303 


1,000 
pounds 
84,050 
81,436 
88,862 
85,542 
74,970 
90,401 
101,935 
106,913 
107,254 
114,147 


1,000 

pounds 



1 

4,882 

728 



1 

2 

4 

7 

33 


1,000 

pounds 
2,313 
3,474 
3,657 
5,025 
4,400 
3,876 
6,291 
8,658 
7,761 
11,410 


1,000 
pounds 
22,201 
22,502 
25,198 
14,980 
26,038 
30,397 
24,612 
26,425 
18,405 
16,703 


1,000 
pounds 
96,403 


1960 


107,320 


1961 

1962 

1963 


200,149 
109,786 
110,374 


1964 

1965 


57,432 
108,685 


1966 


165,566 


1967 2 


103,845 


19682 


76,702 



1 Includes blanched or roasted peanuts. 

2 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 
1949-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 215. 



Data for 



146 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 214. — Inedible animal tallow, greases, and oils: 1 United States exports by 
country of destination, average 1960-64, annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic. 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Honduras 

Jamaica 

Mexico 

Other 



Total 



South America: 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Peru 

Venezuela . . . 
Other 



Total . 



Europe: 
Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

France 

Germany, West . 

Italy 

Netherlands 



Total (European 
Economic Com- 
munity) 



Greece 

Norway 

Portugal 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom . 
Hungary 



Average 


1968 


1969 2 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


28,475 


9,598 


14,111 


3,684 






7,106 


12,701 


17,935 


12,539 


23,228 


24,114 


15,070 


40,200 


11,345 


8,359 


15,490 


13,281 


3,640 


14,254 


8,126 


3,812 


8,389 


8,297 


4,966 


12,338 


43,790 


2,782 


7,471 


14,922 


90,433 


143,669 


155,921 


1,170 


449 


45 


26,920 


56,849 


57,864 


21,063 


41,112 


25,672 


24,313 


33,772 


21,911 


15,219 


22,897 


12,856 


8,901 


2,027 


768 


97,586 


157,106 


119,116 


26,954 


12,136 


12,323 


17,349 


6,323 


5,523 


98,026 


61,592 


45,770 


215,995 


104,656 


50,584 


236,362 


191,231 


89,039 


594,686 


375,938 


203,239 


5,340 


2,580 




2,984 


4,776 


3,294 


6,307 


31,383 


17,335 


89,386 


114,537 


144,462 


27,206 


14,586 


10,539 


33,225 


58,289 


51,083 


2,410 







Continent and country 



Europe — Continued 

Poland 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



Total 



U.S.S.R. (Europe and 
Asia) 



Africa: 

Algeria 

Ghana 

Ivory Coast 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

United Arab Republic . 
South Africa, Republic 

of 

Other 



Total . 



Asia: 

Iran 

Iraq 

China (Taiwan) 

India 

Japan 

Korea, Republic of . . 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Turkey (Europe and 



Other. 



Total 

Oceania 

Grand total . 



Average 
1960-64 



1,000 
pounds 
72,093 
20,688 
5,277 



859,602 



83,802 



3,574 

8,308 

2,846 

20,690 

994 

110 

90,213 

37,375 
6,209 



170,319 



29,489 

6,821 

38,201 

603 

372,676 

32,098 

47,312 

20,451 



3,564 



120 



1,000 
pounds 
44,261 



1,410 



647,760 



28,503 

44,401 

441 

32,380 

6,487 

8,529 

101,689 

33,277 

4,481 



260, 



49,084 
4,826 

49,448 
154,923 
560,391 

73,464 
101,339 

15,686 

14,107 
1,310 



1,024,578 



661 



2,233,962 



1,000 
pounds 
11,545 



5,11 



446,613 



26,246 

47,345 

1,361 

23,515 

2,568 

6,846 

105,593 

23,620 
11,745 



248,839 



28,444 

3,635 

43,734 

193,678 

457,345 

85,348 

46,608 

13,357 

51,152 

848 



1,894,725 



1 Includes inedible tallow, inedible animal greases and fats, and inedible animal oils, n.e.c; beginning in 1965, 
includes choice white grease. 

2 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 215. — Inedible tallow and grease: Supply and disposition, United States, and 
price per pound at Chicago, 1960-69 





Supply 


Disposition 


Price of 


Year 


Stocks, 
Jan. 1 


Apparent 
produc- 
tion 1 


Imports 


Total 


Exports 


Factory consumption 


inedible 
tallow, 
No. 1, at 




Tctal 


Use in 


Other 


Chicago, 
per pound 
















soap 


use 




1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


MiUion 
pounds 
325 
305 
408 
397 
377 
366 
414 
447 
425 
359 


MiUion 
pounds 
3,507 
3,645 
3,745 
4,058 
4,688 
4,383 
4,480 
4,753 
4,745 
4,655 


MiUion 
pounds 
( 2 ) 
1 
2 
3 
2 
2 
1 
6 
6 
6 


MiUion 
pounds 
3,832 
3,951 
4,155 
4,458 
5,067 
4,751 
4,895 
5,206 
5,176 
5,020 


MiUion 
pounds 
1,696 
1,805 
1,596 
1,874 
2,399 
2,127 
1,975 
2,222 
2,237 
1,896 


MiUion 
pounds 
1,832 
1,737 
2,163 
2,206 
2,301 
2,210 
2,473 
2,559 
2,580 
2,779 


MiUion 
pounds 
746 
721 
683 
684 
691 
651 
667 
643 
639 
639 


MiUion 
pounds 
1,086 
1,016 
1,479 
1,522 
1,610 
1,559 
1,806 
1,916 
1,941 
2,140 


Cents 
4.5 
5.4 
4.5 
4.7 
5.9 
7.2 


1966 


6.5 


1967 

1968 


4.6 
4.2 


1969 . . 


6.0 







1 Computed from factory consumption, foreign trade, and stocks; beginning October 1966, production as 
reported by the Census Bureau. 2 Less than 500,000 pounds. 

Economic Research Service. Computed from unrounded numbers. Stocks, consumption, and trade from 
the U.S. Department of Commerce. Prices from the National Provisioner and Wall Street Journal (Chicago 
edition). Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 217. 



FATS AND OILS 



147 



Table 216. — Fats and oils: Use in products for civilian consumption, United States, 

1960-69 



Food products 



Year 



Butter 
(actual weight) 



Lard, excluding 

use in 

margarine, 

shortening, 

and nonfood 

products 



Margarine 
(actual weight) 



Shortening 



Edible oils ' 



All food 
products 2 



Total 



Per 

capita 



Total 



Per 

capita 



Total 



Per 

capita 



Total 



Per 

capita 



Total 



Per 

capita 



Total 



Per 

capita 



1960. 
1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968. 



MiUion 
pounds 
1,332 
1,335 
1,342 
1,281 
1,297 
1,232 
1,099 
1,076 
1,117 
1,081 



Pounds 
7.5 
7.4 
7.3 
6.9 
6.8 
6.4 
5.7 
5.5 
5.7 
5.4 



MiUion 
pounds 
1,358 
1,393 
1,314 
1,190 
1,193 
1,225 
1,071 
1,055 
1,106 
1,017 



Pounds 
7.7 
7.7 
7.2 
6.4 
6.3 
6.4 
5.5 
5.4 
5.6 
5.1 



MiUion 
pounds 
1,676 
1,708 
1,709 
1,785 
1,835 
1,891 
2,038 
2,046 
2,130 
2,154 



Pounds 
9.4 
9.4 
9.3 
9.6 
9.7 
9.9 
10.5 
10.5 
10.8 
10.8 



Million 
pounds 
2,238 
2,311 
2,469 
2,525 
2,598 
2,695 
3,079 
3,108 
3,211 
3,404 



Pounds 
12.6 
12.8 
13.4 
13.5 
13.7 
14.0 
15.9 
15.9 
16.2 
17.0 



MiUion 
pounds 
2,034 
2,022 
2,155 



3,336 



Pounds 
11.5 
11.2 
11.7 
13.1 
14.4 
14.1 
15.3 
15.1 
16.0 
16.7 



MiUion 
pounds 
8,054 
8,173 
8,399 
8,639 
8,994 
9,147 
9,659 
9,632 
10,083 
10,350 



Pounds 
45.2 
45.1 
45.7 
46.3 
47.5 
47.7 
49.8 
49.2 
51.0 
51.8 





Industrial products 


All products 








Drying-oil 


Other 


All 


Weight 






Soap 4 


products 5 


industrial 
products 4 


industrial 
products 








Year 
























Including 


Including 


Per 




















actual 


only fat 


capita 2 






Per 




Per 




Per 




Per 


weight of 


content of 






Total 


capita 


Total 


capita 


Total 


capita 


Total 


capita 


butter and 
margarine 


butter and 
margarine 






Million 




MiUion 




MiUion 




Million 




MiUion 


MiUion 






pounds 


Pounds 


pounds 


Pounds 


pounds 


Pounds 


pounds 


Pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Pounds 


I960.... 


860 


4.8 


821 


4.6 


2,590 


14.5 


4,271 


24.0 


12,911 


12,325 


69.2 


1961 .... 


830 


4.6 


846 


4.7 


2,546 


14.1 


4,223 


23.3 


12,994 


12,399 


68.4 


1962.... 


774 


4.2 


867 


4.7 


3,073 


16.7 


4,714 


25.6 


13,706 


13,117 


71.4 


1963.... 


775 


4.2 


852 


4.6 


3,154 


16.9 


4,780 


25.6 


14,030 


13,422 


71.9 


1964.... 


773 


4.1 


888 


4.7 


3,313 


17.5 


4,972 


26.3 


14,574 


13,969 


73.8 


1965.... 


706 


3.7 


895 


4.6 


3,215 


16.8 


4,816 


25.1 


14,201 


13,963 


72.8 


1966.... 


719 


3.7 


908 


4.7 


3,703 


19.1 


5,329 


27.5 


15,253 


14,988 


77.3 


1967.... 


706 


3.6 


844 


4.3 


3,684 


18.8 


5,234 


26.7 


15,475 


14,868 


76.0 


1968.... 


689 


3.5 


850 


4.3 


3,705 


18.8 


5,245 


26.5 


15,962 


15,327 


77.6 


1969 3 ... 


678 


3.4 


765 


3.8 


3,982 


19.9 


5,425 


27.2 


16,416 


15,774 


79.0 



1 Mainly salad and cooking oils. Includes all food fats and oils used other than butter, lard, margarine, or 
shortening. 

2 Including only the fat content of butter, estimated at 80.5 percent of total weight, and of margarine for 
which the fat content varies slightly each year. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Fat equivalent of soap used in synthetic rubber is included with "Other industrial products." 

5 Paints, varnishes, floor coverings, oilcloth, printing inks, core oils, synthetic resins, insulation, linings, pack- 
ings, coated fabrics (other than oilcloth), caulking, and other protective coatings. 

Economic Research Service. Computed from reports of the Commerce, Interior, and Agriculture Depart- 
ments. Totals and per capita estimates computed from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricul- 
tural Statistics, 1967, table 218. 



148 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 217. — Fats, oils, tall oil, and glycerin: Wholesale price per pound, average 

1957-59, annual 1965-69 



Item and market 



Butter, creamery, Grade A, (92-score) bulk, New York 

Butter, creamery, Grade B, (92 & 93-score) bulk, Chicago. . 
Butter, creamery, Grade A, (92-score) prints, San Francisco . 

Castor oil, dehydrated, tanks, New York 

Castor oil, Nc. 1 tanks, f.o.b. New Jersey mills 

Coconut oil, crude, tank cars, Pacific Coast mills * 

Coconut oil, refined, tanks, New York 

Cod oil, Newfoundland, drums, New York 

Codliver oil, medicinal, U.S.P., barrels, New York 

Corn oil, refined, tanks, New York 



Corn oil, crude, tank cars, f.o.b. midwestern mills 

Cottonseed oil, crude, tank cars, f.o.b. southeastern mills. 
Cottonseed oil, crude, tank cars, f.o.b. Mississippi Valley. 

Cottonseed oil, crude, tank cars, Texas 

Cottonseed oil, p.s.y., bleachable, tank cars, New York 2 . 

Cottonseed oil, refined, tanks, New York 

Degras, lanolin, technical, drums, New York 

Glycerin, soaplye, tanks, New York 3 

Grease, A white, tank cars, delivered Chicago 

Grease, yellow, tank cars, delivered Chicago 



Lard, loose, tank cars, Chicago 

Lard, prime steam, tierces, Chicago 

Lard, refined, 1-pound cartons, Chicago 

Linseed oil, raw, tank cars, Minneapolis 

Linseed oil, raw, tanks, New York 

Margarine, colored, delivered Eastern United States . 

Margarine, yellow quarters, f.o.b. Chicago 

Margarine, white, domestic vegetable, Chicago 

Menhaden oil, light pressed, tanks, New York 

Neat's-foot oil, 30°, drums, carlots, New York 



Oiticica oil, drums, f.o.b. New York 

Oiticica oil, tanks, New York 

Oleo oil, extra, drums, Chicago 

Olive oil, imported, edible, drums, New York 

Palm oil, Congo, drums, f.o.b. New York 

Peanut oil, crude, tank cars, f.o.b. southeastern mills. 

Peanut oil, refined, tanks, New York 

Rapeseed oil, refined (denatured), tanks, New York. . 
Safflower cil, nonbreak tanks, East 
Sesame oil, refined, drums. New York. 



Shortening, all vegetable, hydrogenated, 440-lb. drums, New York. . . 
Shortening, all vegetable, hydrogenated, 3-lb. tins, delivered Eastern 

United States 

Soybean oil, crude, tank cars, f.o.b. midwestern mills 

Soybean cil, refined, tanks, New York 

Sperm oil, natural, 45°, drums, New York 

Tall oil, crude, tanks, works 

Tall oil, refined, tanks, works 

Tallow, edible, loose, Chicago 

Tallow, inedible, packers' prime, tank cars, c.a.f. Chicago 

Tallow, No. 1, inedible, Chicago 



Tung oil, imported, drums, carlots, f.o.b. New York. 
Tung oil, imported, tanks, New Ycrk 



Aver- 
age 
1957-59 



Cents 
60.3 
58.6 
67.9 
26.9 
21.4 
15.7 



10.0 
18.7 
16.0 

13.0 
12.5 
11.6 
12.0 
14.4 
14.5 
21.0 
16.5 
7.0 
6.3 

10.5 
11.4 
15.3 
13.5 
14.9 
26.7 
27.3 
26.0 
10.8 
28.0 

19.4 
17.9 
17.4 
35.1 
14.7 
14.7 
22.2 
15.7 
15.9 
38.0 

20.9 

27.8 
10.6 
13.1 
15.6 
2.7 
5.5 
10.3 
7.0 
6.4 

23.9 
22.4 



1965 



Cents 
61.2 
60.4 
72.0 
24.6 
15.4 
14.9 



12.6 
19.0 
16.8 

14.0 
11.7 
11.6 
11.6 
13.1 
14.2 
39.8 
12.7 
7.8 
7.2 

11.7 
11.7 
17.6 
13.4 
14.5 
26.1 
26.2 
24.2 
11.3 
27.0 

23.8 
21.6 
18.2 
36.8 
15.8 
13.5 
16.2 
15.4 
15.3 
33.0 



26.4 
11.2 
13.4 
14.9 
3.5 
7.5 
11.6 
7.8 
7.2 

27.8 
25.8 



Cents 
67.3 
67.0 
79.8 
25.0 
16.4 
12.2 



11.1 
19.5 
19.2 

16.1 
14.3 
14.1 
14.1 
15.9 
16.9 
28.5 
14.4 
7.8 
6.5 

11.2 
11.2 
17.1 
12.8 
13.8 
26.6 
26.2 
23.2 
11.3 
27.0 

21.4 
19.2 
19.1 
36.8 
15.1 
13.7 
16.4 
15.4 
16.2 
34.8 

21.8 

27.1 
11.7 
13.5 
14.5 
3.2 
7.5 
11.3 
7.0 
6.5 

23.3 

21.0 



1967 



Cents 
67.7 
66.8 
79.8 
27.3 
16.7 
13.5 



9.1 

19.5 
15.4 



12 

11 

11 

11 

13 

14 

22 

16.1 
5.5 
4.6 

7.8 
7.8 
13.6 
12.9 
14.0 
25.7 
25.8 
22.8 
10.7 
27.0 

19.0 
17.0 
19.8 
38.1 
14.8 
11.9 
14.4 
15.2 
14.6 
39.2 

20.7 

26.5 
9.6 
11.8 
14.5 
3.1 
7.5 
7.5 
5.1 
4.6 

16.5 
14.4 



Cents 
67.9 
66.8 
79.9 
31.4 



16.7 
17.3 
8.2 
19.5 
18.5 

15.2 

13.1 
13.0 
12.7 
14.2 
16.4 
22.0 
16.3 
5.0 
4.2 

6.2 
6.2 
12.2 
12.7 
13.8 
25.6 
23.9 
21.2 



13.8 
10.4 



38.7 
14.5 
13.2 
15.9 
14.4 
14.7 
36.0 

20.8 

25.5 
8.2 
10.2 
14.5 
3.4 
7.5 
6.3 
4.6 
4.2 

15.4 

11.8 



Cents 
68.5 
67.4 
81.4 
29.0 



13.6 

15.6 
8.0 
19.5 
17.2 

14.0 
11.0 
10.8 
10.7 
12.6 
15.0 
22.0 
16.2 



9.7 
9.7 
15.4 
12.0 
13.1 
26.0 
17.2 
15.6 
9.5 



38.7 
12.5 
13.7 
16.6 
13.8 
15.6 
35.0 

21.9 

25.9 
9.1 
11.0 
15.5 
3.4 
7.5 
9.3 
6.4 
6.0 

17.1 
15.1 



1 Prices as originally quoted have been adjusted to include the 3-cent-per-pound tax on first domestic pro- 
cessing. Public Law 89-388 suspends the 3-cent tax imposed by section 4511 (as beginning Oct. 1, 1957). 

2 Nearby futures. 

3 Beginning January 1965, average of weekly prices, New York Journal of Commerce. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter; the National Provisioner; The 
Journal of Commerce (New York); Wall Street Journal (Chicago edition); and the U.S. Department of Labor. 
Excise taxes and duties are included where appkcable. 



SOAP AND SYNTHETIC DETERGENTS 



149 



Table 218. — Soap: Fats, oils, rosin, and tall oil used in manufacture, United States, 

1960-69 



Year 


Inedible 
tallow 

and 
greases 


Palm 
oil 


Coconut 
oil 


Palm 

kernel 

oil 


Soft 
oils 1 


Sec- 
ondary 
fats and 

oils 2 


Rosin 


Tall 
oil 


Total 
saponifi- 
able ma- 
terials 


1960 

1961 


Million 

pounds 
746 
721 
683 
684 
691 
651 
667 
643 
639 
639 ' 


Million 

pounds 

10 


Million 
pounds 
145 
140 
141 
152 
158 
145 
150 
146 
154 
151 


Million 

pounds 

12 

14 

5 


Million 
pounds 


Million 
pounds 
23 
23 
19 
14 
19 
16 
13 
17 
10 
8 


Million 

pounds 

3 


Million 

pounds 

15 

12 

10 

8 

8 

9 

9 

8 

9 

4 


Million 
pounds 
953 
911 


1962 


1 
3 


1 


859 


1963 




861 


1964 








875 


1965 










820 


1966 










839 


1967 






813 


1968 










812 


1969 3 










802 















1 Includes the following oils: Soybean, cottonseed, corn, castor, peanut, inedible olive and foots, edible olive, 
neatsfoot, linseed, perilla, sesame, tung, and "other vegetable oils." 

2 Includes inedible animal stearine, grease (lard) oil, tallow oil, foots and other soap stock, red oil, and stearic 
acid and other fatty acids. 

3 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Fats, oils, and tall oil compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Com- 
merce. Totals computed from unrounded numbers. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 
220. 



Table 219.- 



-Soap and synthetic detergents: Estimated sales, total and per capita, 
1954-68 x 





Estimated sales 


Percentage 


Year 


Total 


Per capita 


distribution 




Soap 
(non- 
liquid) 2 


Synthetic 
detergent 3 


Total 


Soap 2 


Synthetic 
detergent 3 


Total 


Soap 


Synthetic 
detergent 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 


Million 
pounds 
1,692 
1,590 
1,540 
1,430 
1,370 
1,250 
1,230 
1,180 
1,210 
1,190 
1,140 
1,110 
1,100 
1,110 
1,110 


Million 
pounds 
2,468 
2,780 
3,230 
3,500 
3,550 
3,820 
3,940 
4,110 
4,420 
4,540 
4,730 
4,870 
5,000 
5,200 
5,350 


Million 

pounds 
4,160 
4,370 
4,770 
4,930 
4,920 
5,070 
5,170 
5,290 
5,630 
5,730 
5,870. 
5,980 
6,100 
6,310 
6,460 


Pounds 
10.4 
9.6 
9.1 
8.3 
7.8 
7.0 
6.8 
6.4 
6.5 
6.3 
5.9 
5.7 
5.6 
5.6 
5.5 


Pounds 
15.1 
16.8 
19.1 
20.3 
20.3 
21.5 
21.8 
22.4 
23.7 
24.0 
24.6 
25.0 
25.4 
26.1 
26.6 


Pounds 
25.5 
26.3 
28.2 
28.7 
28.1 
28.5 
28.6 
28.8 
30.2 
30.3 
30.6 
30.7 
31.0 
31.7 
32.1 


Percent 
41 
36 
32 
29 
28 
25 
24 
22 
22 
21 
19 
19 
18 
18 
17 


Percent 

59 
64 
68 
71 


1958 

1959 

1960. . . 


72 
75 
76 


1961 


78 


1962 

1963 

1964 


78 
79 
81 


1965 

1966 


81 
82 


1967 

1968 4 


82 
83 



1 Estimates of the Soap and Detergent Association. Data are on the built, finished-weight basis. 

2 Excludes scouring cleansers, liquid soaps, and reported exports where possible. 

3 Includes only those solid and liquid with end-uses and characteristics similar to soap, and excludes scouring 
cleaners and shampoos where possible. Liquids converted to pounds on the basis of 8 pounds per gallon. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. 



150 



OILSEEDS, FATS, AND OILS, 1970 



Table 220.— Fats and oils: 



Index numbers of wholesale 
United States, 1954-69 

[1957-1959=100] 



prices, leading markets, 





16 
items, 
ex- 
clud- 
ing 
butter 


17 major fats and oils 




All 
items 


Classified by origin 


Classified by use 


Year 


Ani- 
mal 


Vegetable 


Edible 


Industrial 




Do- 
mestic 
origin 


For- 
eign 
origin 


Butter 


Lard 


Other 


All 
edible 


Soap 
fats 


Dry- 
ing 
oils 


Other 
uses 


All 
indus- 
trial 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 


115.2 
99.5 
104.9 
108.1 
103.3 
88.6 
83.5 
95.0 
82.9 
82.0 
91.7 
108.0 
105.3 
83.4 
75.8 
86.9 


107.7 

97.8 

102.3 

194.6 

101.5 

93.9 

90.8 

98.7 

90.2 

89.3 

96.1 

107.1 

109.5 

95.0 

89.7 

97.9 


107.5 
97.9 
99.6 
104.4 
101.7 
93.9 
92.7 
97.6 
92.0 
91.2 
99.4 
108.7 
111.2 
96.6 
91.4 
106.6 


115.9 

104.2 

115.0 

109.9 

101.1 

89.0 

84.2 

105.3 

87.3 

83.4 

85.6 

100.8 

108.1 

90.4 

84.2 

83.7 


90.2 
79.6 
81.9 
90.7 
98.2 
111.1 
95.5 
87.3 
86.9 
92.5 
95.2 
109.0 
92.6 
100.0 
118.5 
102.5 


99.2 
96.3 
99.3 
100.3 
99.1 
100.6 
99.9 
101.2 
99.5 
98.8 
99.9 
102.5 
113.6 
113.3 
113.4 
114.4 


148.8 

100.7 

104.8 

117.1 

107.7 

75.2 

83.6 

91.0 

82.3 

78.6 

92.2 

110.6 

105.9 

74.1 

58.9 

91.6 


115.0 

104.0 

114.7 

110.3 

101.0 

88.7 

82.4 

101.3 

84.6 

81.6 

85.3 

102.1 

107.5 

88.5 

82.8 

84.0 


110.6 

98.8 
104.6 
105.5 
100.9 
93.7 
92.8 
101.1 
92.7 
90.7 
95.0 
104.9 
113.2 
99.4 
95.0 
100.6 


96.9 

96.6 
92.3 
100.1 
105.1 
94.8 
79.8 
84.5 
73.7 
78.3 
96.7 
113.0 
101.6 
79.1 
71.9 
"87.8 


102.0 

90.2 

100.8 

105.3 

100.1 

94.6 

94.0 

107.3 

105.3 

99.9 

94.4 

99.3 

97.0 

90.8 

85.7 

82.9 


99.7 
95.4 
97.4 

103.4 
99.9 
95.8 
84.2 
87.5 
73.6 
77.4 
87.6 

102.4 
93.7 
83.4 
85.2 
86.8 


98.5 
94.6 
95.3 
102.0 
103.4 
94.6 
84.0 
90.6 
81.5 
84.3 
98.4 
113.0 
103.1 
82.6 
75.4 
89.2 



Economic Research Service. Data for 1947-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 222. 



CHAPTER IV 
STATISTICS OF VEGETABLES AND MELONS 

This chapter contains statistics on potatoes, sweetpotatoes, and commercial vege- 
tables and melons. 

For potatoes and sweetpotatoes, the estimates of acreage, production, value, and 
farm disposition pertain to the total crop and include quantities produced both for 
sale and for use as food, feed, and seed on farms where grown. Potato statistics are 
shown on a within-year seasonal grouping of winter, early spring, late spring, early 
summer, late summer, and fall crops, by States. Some States have production in 
more than one seasonal group. 

For processing vegetables, the estimates of acreage, production, and value for each 
of the 10 crops relate to production used by commercial canners, freezers, and other 
processors, except dehydrators. These estimates include raw products grown by 
processors themselves and those grown under contract or purchased on the open mar- 
ket. This production and the actual or equivalent acreage harvested are not dupli- 
cated in the fresh market estimates for the same commodities. The production of 
those vegetables used for processing for which regular processing estimates are not 
made, is included in the fresh market estimates. 

Beginning in 1969, the Department's regular monthly and annual program of esti- 
mates of commercial vegetables for fresh market includes 22 principal vegetable and 
melon crops in the major producing States. (Lima beans, beets, kale, green peas, 
and shallots were in the program in earlier years.) These estimates relate to crops 
which are grown primarily for sale and they do not include vegetables and melons 
produced in farm and nonfarm gardens. The bulk of the production of the 22 prin- 
cipal vegetable and melon crops is for consumption in the fresh state. However, 
quantities used by processors of artichokes, broccoli, brussels sprouts, carrots, cauli- 
flower, celery, garlic, onions, and green peppers are included, and separate estimates 
of commercial processing are not made for these crops. The commercial estimates 
of the principal crops include local market production from areas near consuming 
centers as well as production from well-recognized commercial areas which specialize 
in producing supplies for shipment to distant markets. 

For fresh market vegetables and melons, value per unit and total value are on a 
f .o.b. basis, except garlic, for which values are reported annually on a field run basis 
at packing-house door. For processed vegetables prior to 1964, value per unit and 
total value refer to average price received by growers at receiving point; beginning 
in 1964, value per unit and total value are at processing plant door. 

Annual estimates of national commercial production of all vegetables are pre- 
sented in table 221. The estimates for fresh market vegetables include production 
for sale of principal fresh market crops in major producing States in the regular 
monthly reporting program, allowances for production of principal crops in minor 
producing States, greenhouse vegetable production, and production of all other vege- 
tables in all States. These figures show that the regular program of releases of com- 
mercial fresh market vegetable estimates for principal crops in major producing 
States account for over four-fifths of the national commercial output of all fresh 
vegetables and melons. The total national commercial production of each of the 
principal vegetable and melon crops and aggregate production of minor vegetables 
is published by the Statistical Reporting Service, but production estimates by States, 
and comparable data on acreage and value, are not available. 

The seasonal nature of the production of vegetables and melons for fresh market 
and their perishability created a need for information on supplies available during 
specific periods of the year to facilitate orderly marketing. Vegetable and melon 
estimates are classified according to the season or period within the season when the 
bulk of each crop is usually harvested. The forecasts and estimates of acreage and 
production therefore provide a measure of supplies available in specific seasonal 
periods. The seasonal groupings used are as follows : 



151 



152 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Seasonal Classifications Used for Vegetable 
and Melon Crops 

Dates refer to period of most active harvest 
Classifications Most Commonly Used 



Winter: January, February, March. 
Spring: April, May, June. 
Early Spring: April 1-May 15. 
Late Spring: May 16-June 30. 
Summer: July, August, September. 



Early Summer: July 1-August 15. 
Late Summer: August 16-September 30. 
Fall: October, November, December. 
Early Fall: October 1-November 15. 
Late Fall: November 16-December 31. 



Classifications Used for Certain Short Season Crops 

Early Spring: April. Early Summer: July. 

Mid- Spring: May. Mid- Summer: August. 

Late Spring: June. Late Summer: September. 

In practice, the beginning and ending of these seasons are not fixed dates but 
approximations. There is necessarily some overlapping in the marketing seasons 
for individual crops, and weather frequently disturbs normal harvesting schedules. 
Consequently, the classifications employed are less precise than the dates indicate. 



Table 221.- 



-Vegetables, commercial: Production of all vegetables, United States, 
1954-69 2 



Year 


For fresh 
market - 


For 
processing 3 


Total 


Year 


For fresh 
market 2 


For 
processing 3 


Total 


1954 

1955 


Tons 
11,857,700 
12,069,900 
12,481.250 
11,964,100 
12,445,300 
12,150,850 
13,057,400 
12,716,450 


Tons 
5,901,000 
6,178,400 
8.376,320 
6,808,540 
7,496,310 
6,935.740 
7,373,080 
8.170,310 


1 
Tons 
17.758,700 i 
18,248,300 ' 
20,857,570 1 
18,772,640 j 
19,941,610 
19.086,590 | 
20,430,480 
20,886,760 


1962 

1963 


Tons 
12,580,600 
12,840,950 
12.475.950 
12,816,350 
12,532,950 
13,059,000 
13,122,300 
13,115,800 


Tons 
9.356.700 
8,021,760 
8,134,840 
8,457,160 
8,940,230 
9,975,440 
12,093,970 
9,388,030 


Tons 
21,937,300 
20 862 710 


1956 

1957 

1958 


1964 

1965 

1966 


20,610,790 
21,273,510 
21,473,180 


1959 


1967 


23,034,440 


I960 4 

1961 


1968 

1969 5 


25,216,270 
22,503,830 



1 Includes Hawaii. 

- Commercial production, including greenhouse production, of all fresh market vegetables and melons in all 
States. Includes the production shown in table 222 for the crops for which regular seasonal estimates are 
prepared. Does not include production for home consumption in farm and nonfarm gardens. Production 
by States, and acreage and value data not available. 

3 Production in all States of the 10 principal vegetables for processing shown in table 224. Production of 
other vegetables processed included in fresh market series of estimates. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Alaska. 

5 Prehminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 223. 



VEGETABLES 



153 



Table 222. — Vegetables, commercial: Acreage, production, and value of principal 
crops, United States, 1954-69 









Acreage 1 


Production 4 


Value 5 


Year 


For fresh 
market 2 


For proc- 
essing 3 


Total 


For fresh 
market 2 


For proc- 
essing 3 


Total 


For fresh 
market 2 


For proc- 
essing 3 


Total 


1954.. 
1955.. 
1956.. 
1957 






Acres 
2,076,280 
2,026,760 
1,978,110 
1,945,300 
1,952,160 
1,861,800 
1,815,670 
1,739,985 
1,700,490 
1,073,035 
1,668,575 
1,646,415 
1,617,015 
1,634,770 
1,636,365 
1,627,550 


Acres 
1,707,660 
1,694,280 
1,811,710 
1,740,540 
1,629,910 
1,572,040 
1,567,700 
1,718,160 
1,714,780 
1,604,820 
1,604,960 
1,644,730 
1,806,650 
1,939,570 
2,011,740 
1,723,320 


Acres 
3,783,940 
3,721,040 
3,789,820 
3,685,840 
3,582,070 
3,433,840 
3,383,370 
3,458,145 
3,415,270 
2,677,855 
3,273,535 
3,291,145 
3,423,665 
3,574,340 
3,648,105 
3,350,870 


Tons 
10,354,550 
10,472,850 
10,731,300 
10,142,850 
10,533,550 
10,321,600 
11,024,800 
10,682,600 
10,679,200 
10,998,150 
10,620,450 
10,991,050 
10,730,200 
11,127,300 
11,293,250 
11.053,200 


Tons 
5,901,000 
6,178,400 
8,376,320 
6,808,540 
7,496,310 
6,935,740 
7,373,080 
8,170,310 
9,356,700 
8,021,760 
8,134,840 
8,457,160 
8,940,230 
9,975,440 
12,093,970 
9,388,030 


Tons 
16,255,550 
16,651,250 
19,107,620 
16,951,390 
18,029,860 
17,257,340 
18,397,880 
18,852,910 
20,035,900 
19,019,910 
18,755,290 
19,448,210 
19,670,430 
21,102,740 
23,387,220 
20,441,230 


1,000 

dollars 

751,705 

808,649 

831,382 

865,278 

786,811 

824,648 

837,459 

873,941 

904,969 

912,838 

961,523 

1,017,892 

1,137,043 

1,151,232 

1,187,991 

1,229,612 


1,000 

dollars 

240,790 

251,447 

317,289 

271,622 

280,173 

259,404 

287,161 

336,175 

362,392 

320,724 

349,444 

405,944 

433,401 

530,446 

599,788 

451,458 


1,000 
dollars 

992,495 
1,060,096 
1,148,671 
1,136,900 


1958. . 






1,066,984 


1959 






1,084,052 


I960 6 . 






1,124,620 


1961.. 
1962.. 
1963 . . 
1964.. 
1965.. 
1966 






1,210,116 
1,267,361 
1,233,562 
1,310,967 
1,423,836 
1,570,444 


1967. . 






1,681,678 


1968.. 
1969 7 . 






1,787,779 
1,681,070 











1 Acreage for fresh market is acreage for harvest. Prior to 1967, includes acreage partially harvested or 
not harvested because of low prices or other economic factors. Acreage for processing is acreage harvested. 

2 Acreage, production, and farm value of the following crops for which regular seasonal estimates are pre- 
pared in major producing States: Artichokes, asparagus, snap beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, can- 
taloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, garlic, honeydew melons, lettuce, 
onions, green peppers, spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons (through 1968, included lima beans, beets, kale, 
green peas, and shallots). 

3 Acreage, production, and farm value of the following 10 crops in all States. Asparagus, lima beans, snap 
beans, beets, cabbage (sauerkraut), sweet corn, cucumbers (pickles), green peas, spinach, and tomatoes. Pro- 
duction of other vegetables processed included in fresh market series of estimates. 

4 Production for fresh market prior to 1967 includes some quantities not marketed because of low prices or 
other economic factors which are excluded in computing value. Production since 1967 is the quantity sold. 

5 Value for all fresh market vegetables, except garlic, on f.o.b. basis. For processed vegetables, beginning 
1964, value at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

6 Beginning 1960, includes Alaska and Hawaii. 

7 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 224. 



154 VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 

Table 223. — Vegetables, commercial: Acreage of principal crops, by States, 1967-69 



State and 


For fresh market 2 


For processing 4 


Total 


division 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 




Acres 

350 

1,800 

14,430 

1,700 

9.430 

70,950 

61,850 

21,630 


Acres 

300 

1,660 

14,630 

1,700 

9,370 

69,800 

60,150 

20,760 


Acres 

(') 

1,400 
13,400 

( 5 ) 

8,820 
63,750 
55,160 
19,480 


Acres 
12,100 
20 
930 


Acres 
13,160 
60 
990 


Acres 
9,500 
70 
1,100 


Acres 

12,450 

1,820 

15,360 

1,700 

9,430 

164,870 

125,270 

56,190 


Acres 

13,460 

1,720 

15,620 

1,700 

9.370 

162,890 

124,820 

61,640 


Acres 
9,500 
1,470 
14.500 

(5) 


New Hampshire. . 
Massachusetts. . . 










8 820 


New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania .... 


93,920 
63,420 
34,560 


93,090 
64,670 
40,880 


82,990 
52,920 
28,770 


146,740 
108,080 
48,250 


North Atlantic . 


182,140 


178,370 


162,010 


204,950 


212,850 


175,350 


387,090 


391,220 


337,360 


Ohio 


26,950 

11,670 

16.950 

41,600 

8,800 

2,850 

680 

11,050 


27,150 
11,420 
16,350 
43,250 
8,200 
2,550 
700 
11,400 


24,350 
12,100 
10,000 
45,750 
7,900 
2,400 
90 
12,000 


35,880 

34,730 

125,550 

67,000 

318,320 

202,150 

9,280 

1,140 


39,220 

36,680 

125,760 

57,920 

337,610 

197,850 

10,510 

1,360 

40 

1,700 

600 

250 


36,040 

31,010 

108,700 

56,620 

311,970 

183,280 

8,510 

690 

40 

940 

420 

130 


62,830 

46,400 

142,500 

108,600 

327,120 

205,000 

9,960 

12,190 


66,370 

48,100 

142,110 

101,170 

345,810 

200,400 

11,210 

12,760 

40 

1,700 

600 

2,050 


60,390 
43 110 






118 700 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


102,370 

319,870 

185,680 

8 600 


Missouri 


12,690 
40 










1,030 
190 

340 


1,030 

190 

2,240 


940 










420 




1,900 


1,800 


( 5 ) 


130 






North Central.. 


122,450 


122,820 


114,590 


795,610 


809,500 


738,350 


918,060 


932,320 


852,940 


Delaware 

Maryland 


1,950 
14,300 
27,770 


2,100 
14,800 
25,430 


3,100 
12,550 
22,270 


50,700 
63,030 
19,040 
60 
38,630 
5,250 
2,900 
23,300 


49,450 
68,210 
16,570 
160 
36,750 
4,950 
1,800 
13,400 


35,900 

55,030 

14,630 

30 

29,940 

4,420 

1,800 

13,160 


52,650 
77,330 
46,810 
60 
83,330 
58,500 
58,900 
292,550 


51,550 
83,010 
42,000 
160 
82,550 
57,950 
62,100 
266,700 


39,000 
67,580 
36,900 




30 


Noith Carolina.. . 
South Carolina . . . 


44,700 

53,250 

56,000 

269,250 


45,800 

53,000 

60,300 

253,300 


44,090 

48,300 

53,000 

271,140 


74,030 
52,720 
54,800 


Florida 


284,300 






South Atlantic . 


467,220 


454,730 


454,450 


202,910 


191,290 


154,910 


670,130 


646,020 


609,360 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


800 

4,000 

28,450 

9,650 

8,900 

12,600 

13,000 

219,700 


800 
4,200 
33,350 
9,850 
9,200 
13,120 
14,000 
200,700 


700 

4,320 

26,400 

10,500 

9,800 

10,700 

11,500 

225,200 


5,850 
16,320 
10,950 

8,900 
13,710 

1,530 

8,100 
32,400 


6,500 
16,490 
12,570 
11,640 
12,930 
1,850 
5,900 
30,800 


4,300 
15,950 

9,080 
12,500 
13,300 

1,340 

5,760 
23,800 


6,650 
20,320 
39,400 
18,550 
22,610 
14,130 
21,100 
252,100 


7,300 
20,690 
45,920 
21,490 
22,130 
14,970 
19,900 
231,500 


5,000 
20,270 
35,480 
23,000 
23,100 
12,040 
17,260 
249,000 


South Central.. 


297,100 


285,220 


299,120 


97,760 


98,680 


86,030 


394,860 


383,900 


385,150 










1,440 

36,520 

1,780 

6,580 

830 

450 

9,300 

170,750 

125,280 

285,410 


1,500 

45,640 

1,300 

8,540 

1,120 

300 

10,520 

172,640 

124,740 

333,120 


1,500 

42,880 

1,220 

6,630 

900 

430 

8,080 

151,720 

115,620 

239,700 


1,440 

39,920 

1,780 

28,190 

12,530 

74,110 

9,900 

186,080 

142,190 

705,710 


1,500 

49,740 

1,300 

31,130 

16,220 

73,450 

11,270 

187,420 

143,500 

776,770 


1,500 


Idaho 


3,400 


4,100 


3,700 


46,580 
1,220 


Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 


21,610 
11,700 
73,660 
600 
15,330 
16,910 
420,300 


22,590 
15,100 
73,150 
750 
14,780 
18,760 
443,650 


19,900 
13,300 
79,250 
900 
11,980 
16,240 
450,900 


26,530 

14,200 

79,680 

8,980 


Washington 

Oregon 

California 


163,700 
131,860 
690,600 


Western 


563,510 


592,880 


596,170 


638,340 


699,420 


568,680 


1,201,850 


1,292,300 


1,164,850 


Total 


1,632,420 


1,634,020 


1,626,340 


1,939,570 


2,011,740 


1,723,320 


3,571,990 


3,645,760 


3,349,660 








120 
2,230 


145 
2,200 


( 5 ) 
1,210 








120 
2,230 


145 
2,200 












1,210 












United States. . 


1,634,770 


1,636,365 


1,627,550 


1,939,570 


2,011,740 


1,723,320 


3,574,340 


3,648,105 


3,350,870 



1 Acreage for fresh market is acreage for harvest. Acreage for processing is acreage harvested. 

2 Acreage of the following crops for which regular seasonal estimates are prepared in major producing States: 
Artichokes, asparagus, snap beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, 
sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, garlic, honeydew melons, lettuce, onions, green peppers, spinach, 
tomatoes, and watermelons (for 1967 and 1968, includes lima beans, beets, kale, green peas, and shallots). 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Acreage of the following 10 crops in all States: Asparagus, lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage (sauer- 
kraut), sweet corn, cucumbers (pickles), green peas, spinach, and tomatoes. Other vegetables processed in- 
cluded in fresh market series of estimates. 

5 Estimates discontinued. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



VEGETABLES 



155 



Table 224. — Vegetables, commercial: Production of principal crops, by States, 

1967-69 





For fresh market J 


For processing s 


Total 


division 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Maine 

New Hampshire. . 
Massachusetts. . . 


Tons 

2,200 

8,050 

70,250 

8,100 

45,250 

556,300 

296,900 

92,200 


Tons 

2,000 

8,400 

71,500 

8,400 

45,500 

548,950 

293,750 

85,050 


Tons 

( 4 ) 
5,250 

61,850 

( 4 ) 

41,450 
494,450 
269,150 

78,750 


Tons 
20,480 
230 
10,830 


Tons 
21,400 
270 
9,940 


Tons 
12,240 
180 
9,900 


Tons 

22,680 

8,280 

81,080 

8,100 

45,250 

1,046,100 

697,990 

314,520 


Tons 

23,400 

8,670 

81,440 

8,400 

45,500 

1,013,810 

695,320 

329,530 


Tons 
12,240 
5,430 
71,750 










41,450 


New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania .... 


489,800 
401,090 
222,320 


464,860 
401,570 
244,480 


372,880 
283,310 
190,020 


867,330 
552,460 
268,770 


North Atlantic . 


1,079,250 


1,063,550 


950,900 


1,144,750 


1,142,520 


868,530 


2,224,000 


2,206,070 


1,819,430 


Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 


152,950 
90,200 
77,700 
336,700 
128,700 
42,400 
5,550 
46,250 


151,800 
80,100 
76,000 
350,900 
125,050 
35,400 
5,300 
52,950 


119,400 
92,600 
49,950 
348,700 
113,850 
37,250 
50 
60,200 


604,310 
349,410 
476,270 
251,110 
850,900 
600,910 
54,630 
1,940 


684,670 

337,060 

454,590 

230,990 

1,022,940 

701,980 

67,690 

3,200 

140 

6,420 

2,440 

2,200 


503,420 

320,870 

387,350 

197,390 

838,710 

624,500 

43,610 

1,490 

160 

3,990 

1,950 

510 


757,260 
439,610 
553,970 
587,810 
979,600 
643,310 
60,180 
48,190 


836,470 

417,160 

530,590 

581,890 

1,147,990 

737,380 

72,990 

56,150 

140 

6,420 

2,440 

8,950 


622,820 

413,470 

437,300 

546,090 

952,560 

661,750 

43,660 

61,690 

160 










2,940 

800 

2,850 


2,940 

800 

9,900 


3,990 










1,950 




7,050 


6,750 


(*j 


510 






North CentraL. 


887,500 


884,250 


822,000 


3,196,070 


3,514,320 


2,923,950 


4,083,570 


4,398,570 


3,745,950 


Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 


12,500 
69,450 
102,200 


15,750 
76,900 
99,600 


12,450 
73,450 
73,400 


90,350 

223,190 

81,530 

900 

98,190 

15,150 

6,580 

132,800 


75,030 
225,330 
93,130 
960 
85,530 
12,690 
4,900 
64,000 


64,250 
174,590 
67,950 
360 
79,370 
10,180 
4,580 
64,380 


102,850 
292,640 
183,730 
900 
271,990 
223,850 
234,030 
1,914,450 


90,780 
302,230 
192,730 
960 
250,030 
175,440 
239,850 
1,655,100 


76,700 

248,040 

141,350 

360 


North Carolina.. . 
South Carolina. . . 

Georgia 

Florida 


173,800 

208,700 

227,450 

1,781,650 


164,500 

162,750 

234,950 

1,591,100 


162,750 

156,550 

195,800 

1,623,300 


242,120 

166,730 

200,380 

1,687,680 






South Atlantic. 


2,575,750 


2,345,550 


2,297,700 


648,690 


561,570 


465,660 


3,224,440 


2,907,120 


2,763,360 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas . 


3,400 
23,500 
101,200 
39,900 
43,400 
41,050 
46,900 
1,057,550 


2,800 
21,750 

107,650 
37,800 
40,800 
44,750 
45,850 

916,400 


3,000 
21,550 
92,200 
36,000 
41,000 
36,000 
46,000 
1,048,250 


18,240 
33,900 
22,640 
24,600 
36,510 
4,080 
19,240 
131,570 


13,540 
30,730 
24,740 
27,700 
36,390 
4,590 
15,740 
144,210 


12,480 
31,440 
17,630 
27,580 
28,640 
3,020 
15,620 
116,740 


21,640 
57,400 
123,840 
64,500 
79,910 
45,130 
66,140 
1,189,120 


16,340 
52,480 
132,390 
65,500 
77,190 
49,340 
61,590 
1,060,610 


15,480 
52,990 
109,830 
63,580 
69,640 
39,020 
61,620 
1,164,990 




South Central.. 


1,356,900 


1,217,800 


1,324,000 


290,780 


297,640 


253,150 


1,647,680 


1,515,440 


1,577,150 










2,410 

133,010 

8,380 

34,700 

8,140 

2,560 

62,110 

495,020 

470,970 

3,477,850 


2,400 

176,200 

5,420 

47,710 

13,120 

1,500 

61,460 

525,900 

545,910 

5,198,300 


2,270 

174,690 

4,620 

36,490 

9,790 

2,240 

54,580 

439,750 

531,810 

3,620,500 


2,410 
201,860 

8,380 
218,650 
165,940 
640,760 
72,610 
629,420 
663,070 
7,301,600 


2,400 
274,600 

5,420 
247,560 
184,320 
619,050 
72,360 
671,450 
797,960 
9,467,450 


2,270 




68,850 


98,400 


84,200 


258,890 




4,620 


Colorado 

New Mexico 


183,950 
157,800 
638,200 
10,500 
134,400 
192,100 
3,823,750 


199,850 
171,200 
617,550 
10,900 
145,550 
252,050 
4,269,150 


184,350 
136,300 
663,650 
13,500 
129,700 
232,750 
4,202,550 


220,840 
146,090 
665,890 


Utah . . 


68 080 


Washington 


569,450 

764,560 

7,823,050 


California 


Western 


5,209,550 


5,764,650 


5,647,000 


4,695,150 


6,577,920 


4,876,740 


9,904,700 


12,342,570 


10,523,740 


Total 


11,108,950 


11,275,800 


11,041,600 


9,975,440 


12,093,970 


9,388,030 


21,084,390 


23,369,770 


20,429,630 




Alaska 


750 
17,600 


900 
16,550 


( 4 ) 
11,600 








750 
17,600 


900 
16,550 




Hawaii 








11,600 












United States. . 


11,127,300 


11,293,250 


11,053,200 


9,975,440 


12,093,970 


9,388,030 


21,102,740 


23,387,220 


20,441,230 



1 Production of the following crops for which regular seasonal estimates are prepared in major producing 
States: Artichokes, asparagus, snap beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, 
celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, garlic, honeydew melons, lettuce, onions, green peppers, 
spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons (for 1967 and 1968, includes lima beans, beets, kale, green peas, and 
shallots) . 

2 Preliminary. 

s Production of the following 10 crops in all States: Asparagus, lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage (sauer- 
kraut), sweet corn, cucumbers (pickles), green peas, spinach, and tomatoes. Other vegetables processed in- 
cluded in fresh market series of estimates. 

4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



156 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 225. 


— Vegetables, commercial: Value of principal crops, by States, 1967-69 


State and 


For fresh market 1 


For processing 3 


Total 


division 


1967 


1968 | 1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Maine 

New Hampshire. . 
Massachusetts . . . 
Rhode Island 


1,000 
dollars 
334 

649 

8,541 
1 .038 


1,000 

dollars 

340 

917 

10,125 

1,212 


1,000 
dollars 

( 4 ) 
504 

8,909 


1,000 
dollars 
1,817 
16 
713 


1,000 
dollars 
1,964 
20 
644 


1,000 
dollars 
1,173 
16 
598 


1,000 

dollars 

2,151 

665 

9,254 

1,038 

6,023 

68,447 

62,373 

19,356 


1,000 

dollars 

2,304 

937 

10,769 

1,212 

7,107 

64,730 

60,477 

20,506 


1,000 
dollars 

1,173 
520 

9,507 


Connecticut 6 - 023 


7,107 1 6-567 








6,567 


New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania .... 


47,430 

35,653 

8,986 


44,562 

35,033 

9,392 


44,893 

33,166 

8,599 


21,017 
26,720 
10,370 


20,168 
25,444 
11,114 


16,853 
19,807 
8,373 


61,746 
52,973 
16,972 


North Atlantic. 


108,654 


108,688 


102.638 


60,653 


59,354 


46,820 


169,307 


168,042 


149,458 


Ohio 


18,925 
7,558 
5,492 

35,852 

7,567 

2,395 

471 

3,689 


18,420 
5,665 
5,483 

29,195 

6,924 

1,646 

309 

3,847 


16,158 
7,184 
4,163 

39,101 

6,681 

1,818 

20 

4,442 


23,307 
14,125 
23.291 
22,554 
40,747 
21,991 
1,852 
187 


25,670 

13,637 

22,595 

18,772 

46,601 

24,157 

2,041 

294 

12 

288 

222 

84 


20,850 

12,781 

19,577 

17,896 

40,701 

21,606 

1,243 

137 

15 

217 

179 

37 


42,232 
21,683 
28,783 
58,406 
48,314 
24,386 
2,323 
3,876 


44,090 37 008 




19,302 

28,078 

47,967 

53,525 

25,803 

2,350 

4,141 

12 

288 

222 

698 


19,965 




23,740 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


56,997 

47,382 

23,424 

1,263 


Missouri 


4,579 
15 










184 
59 
156 


184 
59 
808 


217 










179 




652 


614 


C 4 ) 


37 






North Central.. 


82,601 


72,103 


79,567 


148.453 


154,373 


135,239 


231,054 


226,476 


214,806 


Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 


619 
5,064 
12,659 


1,052 
6,605 
12,063 


1,109 
6,289 
9,662 


9,130 
11,572 
4,986 
36 
8,724 
1.369 
585 
6,578 


7,265 
12.634 
4,559 
41 
8,389 
1,115 
441 
3,050 


5,773 

9,372 

3,392 

14 

7,472 

833 

413 

2,781 


9,749 
16,636 
17,645 
36 
25,351 
20,456 
14,459 
218,922 


8,317 
19,239 
16,622 
41 
24,978 
15,488 
12,846 
236,136 


6,882 

15,661 

13,054 

14 


North Carolina.. . 
South Carolina. . . 


16,627 

19,087 

13,874 

212,344 


16,589 

14,373 

12,405 

233,086 


17,730 

14,337 

9,970 

226,463 


25,202 
15,170 
10,383 


Florida 


229,244 


South Atlantic . 


280,274 


296,173 


285,560 


42,980 | 37,494 


30,050 J 323,254 


333,667 


315,610 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


911 
3,162 
8,944 
1,780 
7,185 
4,396 
1,986 
95,123 


622 
2,874 
9,958 
1,342 
5,036 
5,405 
1,539 
90,452 


726 
3,014 
8,063 
1,110 
4,646 
4,394 
1.932 
95,291 


1,721 
3,179 
1,599 
2,277 
3,018 
388 
1,427 
6,778 


1,290 
2,910 
2.411 
2,266 
2,694 
341 
997 
7,662 


1,236 
2,717 
1,137 
2,418 
2,093 
219 
931 
5,572 


2,632 
6,341 

10,543 
4,057 

10,203 

4,784 

3,413 

101,901 


1,912 
5,784 

12.369 
3,608 
7,730 
5,746 
2,536 

98,114 


1,962 
5,731 
9,200 
3,528 
6,739 
4,613 
2,863 
100,863 


South Central.. 


123,487 


117,228 


119,176 


20,387 


20,571 


16,323 


143,874 


137,799 


135,499 










266 

5,550 

174 

1,999 

322 

227 

2,517 

34,364 

31,035 

181,519 


262 

6,887 

153 

3,166 

466 

108 

2,637 

35,372 

32,149 

246,796 


247 266 


262 
10,737 

153 
18,423 
14,378 
67,959 
3,051 
46,411 
44,794 
711,216 


247 


Idaho 


6,164 


3,850 


6,719 


6,297 

128 

2,308 

338 

161 

2,201 

31,875 

31.656 

147,815 


11,714 

174 
16,148 
15,758 
73,994 
3,305 
46,054 
48,285 
594,179 


13,016 
128 


Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 


14,149 
15,436 
73,767 
788 
11,690 
17,250 
412,660 


15,257 
13,912 
67,851 
414 
11,039 
12 , 645 
464,420 


14,623 

13,789 

88,023 

916 

10,668 
16,922 

488,454 


16,931 
14,127 
88,184 
3,117 
42,543 
48,578 
636,269 


Western 


551,904 589,388 


640,114 


257,973 


327,996 223,026 | 809,877 


917,384 


863,140 


Total 


1,146,920 


1,183,580 


1,227,055 


530,446 


599,788 ! 451,458 11,677,366 


1,783,368 


1,678,513 




184 
4,128 


220 
4,191 


2,557 








184 
4,128 


220 
4,191 












2,557 












United States. . 


1,151,232 


1,187,991 


1,229,612 


530,446 


599,788 


451,458 


1,681,678 


1,787,779 


1,681,070 



1 Value of the following crops for which regular seasonal estimates are prepared in major producing States: 
Artichokes, asparagus, snap beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, 
sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, garlic, honeydew melons, lettuce, onions, green peppers, spinach, 
tomatoes, and watermelons (for 1967 and 1968, includes lima beans, beets, kale, green peas, and shallots). 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Value of the following 10 crops in all States: Asparagus, lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage (sauer- 
kraut), sweet corn, cucumbers (pickles), green peas, spinach, and tomatoes. Other vegetables processed in- 
cluded in fresh market series of estimates. 

4 Estimates discontinued. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



ARTICHOKES; ASPARAGUS 



157 



Table 226. — Artichokes, globe, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value 
per hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 2 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 2 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
9,000 
8,900 
9,400 
9,400 
9,400 
9,400 
9,300 
8,500 


Cwt. 

40 
40 
34 
35 
35 
40 
45 
60 


1,000 
cwt. 
360 
356 
320 
329 
329 
376 
418 
510 


Dollars 
7.60 
8.50 
9.60 
8.64 
10.22 
9.09 
8.88 
8.90 


1,000 
dollars 
2,736 
3,026 
3,072 
2,843 
3,361 
3,419 
3,712 
4,539 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967..- 

1968 

1969 3 


Acres 
8,000 
8,000 
8,700 
9,200 
8,900 
9,600 
9,600 

10,100 


Cwt. 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
76 
60 
65 


1,000 
cwt. 
440 
480 
566 
644 
668 
730 
576 
656 


Dollars 
9.54 
9.85 
10.08 
8.95 
8.76 
8.87 
10.00 
10.60 


1,000 
dollars 
4,197 
4,728 
5,704 
5,761 
5,853 
6,472 
5,772 
6,933 



1 California only. Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 228. 



Table 227. — Asparagus, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





Tctal crop 


For fresh market 


For processing 


Year 








Value 2 




Val 


ue 2 




Value 2 




Acreage 
har- 


Yield 
per 


Produc- 
tion 1 






Produc- 
tion 






Produc- 
tion 1 






















vested 


acre 




Per 
cwt. 


Total 




Per 

cwt. 


Total 




Per 
ton 


Total 








1,000 




1,000 


1,000 




1,000 






1,000 




Acres 


Cwt. 


cwt. 


Dollars 


dollars 


cwt. 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


1954.... 


143,700 


21 


3,067 


12.02 


36,872 


1,025 


13.43 


13,767 


102,140 


226.00 


23,105 


1955.... 


151,340 


24 


3,594 


12.80 


46,806 


1,007 


14.86 


14,967 


129,280 


246.00 


31,839 


1956.... 


152,730 


23 


3,495 


12.23 


42,758 


1,151 


14.19 


16,327 


117,140 


226.00 


26,431 


1957.... 


155,700 


23 


3,623 


10.68 


38,678 


1,333 


12.94 


17,251 


114,470 


187.00 


21,427 


1958.... 


158,090 


22 


3,535 


10.86 


38,385 


1,307 


12.84 


16,778 


111,400 


194.00 


21,607 


1959.... 


161,150 


23 


3,627 


11.22 


40,682 


1,243 


13.66 


16,974 


119,220 


198.86 


23,708 


I960.... 


156,960 


24 


3,762 


11.82 


44,464 


1,230 


13.63 


16,769 


126,600 


218.76 


27,695 


1961.... 


147,650 


25 


3,692 


12.99 


47,948 


1,098 


15.15 


16,634 


129,700 


241.43 


31,314 


1962.... 


145,970 


25 


3,721 


13.39 


49,831 


1,043 


15.80 


16,481 


133,900 


249.07 


33,350 


1963 


145,170 


26 


3,756 


14.01 


52,639 


1,037 


16.33 


16,936 


135,950 


262 . 62 


35,703 


1964... 


144,730 


24 


3,523 


12.72 


44,801 


1,000 


14.77 


14,770 


126,150 


238.06 


30,031 


1965... 


133,230 


26 


3,411 


14.95 


49,213 


1,027 


16.27 


16,713 


119,200 


287.10 


32,500 


1966.... 


130,510 


26 


3,412 


17.44 


57,913 


842 


20.12 


16,939 


128,500 


300.57 


40,974 


1967.... 


129,100 


24 


3,041 


17.80 


54,150 


832 


21.10 


17,324 


110,950 


332.00 


36,826 


1968.... 


125,400 


26 


3,235 


18.80 


60,840 


918 


21.90 


20,097 


115,850 


352.00 


40,743 


1969 s ... 


123,830 


24 


2,917 


19.70 


57,451 


849 


23.50 


19,978 


103,400 


362.00 


37,473 



1 Excludes 44,000 cwt. (2,200 tons) not marketed in 1969. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities 
not marketed which were excluded in computing value: 120,000 cwt. (6,000 tons), in 1965, and 91,000 cwt. 
(4,550 tons) in 1966. 

2 Fresh market on f.o.b. basis. Beginning 1964, processing value at packing plant door; prior to 1964, aver- 
age price received by growers at receiving point. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 229. 



158 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 228. — Asparagus, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 







Acreage ' 






Production 




Value per unit 
























1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 










1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Spring: 
California 


Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


per cwt. 


per cwt. 


per cwt. 


50,200 


46,700 


44,700 


1,406 


1,494 


1,296 


18.60 


19.20 


20.40 


Late spring: 




















Massachusetts. . 


950 


950 


900 


17 


21 


18 


19.70 


24.20 


22.60 


New Jersey 


24,800 


24,300 


22,700 


546 


583 


3 477 


18.20 


19.50 


19.40 


Illinois 


9,900 


8,800 


9,000 


168 


158 


144 


13.70 


15.80 


17.60 


Michigan 


12,700 


13,200 


13,900 


190 


172 


208 


18.80 


20.60 


21.00 


Maryland 


3,800 


3,400 


3,900 


68 


68 


62 


16.70 


18.90 


19.00 


Washington 


16,700 


17,100 


17,400 


451 


530 


505 


16.10 


17.30 


18.00 


Oregon 


1,200 


1,300 


1,300 


32 


31 


30 


15.50 


15.90 


16.70 


Other States 4 ... 


8,850 


9,650 


10,030 


163 


178 


177 


18.30 


18.90 


20.90 


Total or 




















average .... 


78,900 


78,700 


79,130 


1,635 


1,741 


1,621 


17.10 


18.50 


19.10 


United States. 


129,100 


125,400 


123,830 


3,041 


3,235 


2,917 


17.80 


18.80 


19.70 





For fresh market 


For processing 


Season and State 


Production 


Value per unit 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Spring: 
California 


1,000 
cwt. 

526 


1,000 
cwt. 

598 


1,000 
cwt. 

536 


Dol- 
lars 
per 
cwt. 

21.60 


Dol- 
lars 
per 
cwt. 

21.50 


Dol- 
lars 
per 

cwt. 

23.90 


Tons 
44,000 


Tons 
44,800 


Tons 
38,000 


Dol- 
lars 
per 
ton 

336.00 


Dol- 
lars 
per 
ton 

352.00 


Dol- 
lars 
per 
ton 

358.00 


Late spring: 


17 
165 
10 
10 
3 
66 


21 

170 

8 

12 

2 

86 


18 
3 148 
11 
14 
1 
71 


19.70 

19.80 
21.60 
20.20 
19.80 
20.10 


24.20 
22.70 
25.30 
20.50 
21.20 
21.70 


22.60 
22.20 
26.40 
21.00 
21.40 
22.50 














New Jersey 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Maryland 

Washington 


19,050 
7,900 
9,000 
3,250 

19,250 
1,600 
6,900 


20,650 
7,500 
8,000 
3,300 

22,200 
1,550 
7,850 


16,450 
6,650 
9,700 
3,050 

21,700 
1,500 
6,350 


349.00 
264.00 
374.00 
332.00 
309.00 
310.00 
351.00 


363.00 
306.00 
412.00 
376.00 
329.00 
318.00 
363.00 


364.00 
337.00 
420.00 
379.00 
345.00 
333.00 


Other States 5 ... 


25 


21 


50 


22.20 


24.60 


25.40 


382 . 00 


Total or 
average .... 


296 


320 


313 


20.10 


22.60 


22.90 


66,950 


71,050 


65,400 


329.00 


351.00 


365.00 


United States . 


822 


918 


849 


21.10 


21.90 


23.50 


110,950 


115,850 


103,400 


332.00 


352.00 


362.00 



1 Fresh market and processing asparagus is frequently harvested from the same acreage; therefore it is not 
practical to make individual acreage estimates for these segments. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1969 — late spring, New Jersey, 44. 

4 Mostly for processing; includes Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Delaware, Vir- 
ginia, Tennessee, and Arkansas. 

5 Fresh market includes Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, and Delaware. Processing includes Indiana, Minnesota, 
Iowa, Missouri, Delaware, Virginia, Tennessee, and Arkansas. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



LIMA BEANS 



159 



Table 229. — Beans, green lima, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 
hundredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 x 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET 2 

Spring: Florida 


Acres 
900 


Acres 
900 


Acres 


1,000 
cwt. 
27 


1,000 
cwt. 
22 


1,000 
cwt. 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

13.00 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

14.20 


Dollars 
per cwt. 


Summer: 


1,000 
1,000 
1,700 
3,000 
3,300 


900 
1,000 
1,500 
3,000 
3,200 




33 
35 
39 

78 
76 


32 
30 
32 
69 
74 




13.70 
11.80 
11.10 
11.00 
11.40 


10.60 
12.70 
10.70 
11.90 
11.90 


















Georgia 


















10,000 


9,600 




261 


237 




11.60 


11.70 












10,900 


10,500 




288 


259 




11.70 


11.90 












FOR PROCESSING 

Wisconsin 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Washington 

California 

Other States 4 


Acres 
7,600 

21,500 
3,500 
6,600 

30,500 

27,610 


Acres 
8,300 

21,800 
3,900 
6,500 

33,400 

30,810 


Acres 
8,300 

13,400 
3,300 
6,500 

25,500 

25,850 


Tons* 
7,600 

18,600 
2,730 
8,710 

51,850 

26,190 


Tons 5 
8,720 

11,660 
2,380 
6,560 

58,450 

27,350 


Tons 3 
8,380 

11,120 
2,820 
9,620 

40,040 

25,690 


Dollars 
per ton 
165.00 
172.00 
137.00 
169.00 
194.00 
160.00 


Dollars 
per ton 
162.00 
171.00 
174.00 
173.00 
223.00 
159.00 


Dollars 
per ton 
156.00 
144.00 
147.00 
166.00 
211.00 
162.00 




97,310 


104,710 


82,850 


115,680 


115,120 


97,670 


5 178.00 


5 194.00 


5 180.00 








108,210 


115,210 


82,850 


122,880 


121,595 


97,670 


195.00 


209.00 


180 00 







1 Preliminary. 2 Estimates discontinued in 1969. 3 Shelled basis; 2 pounds of lima beans in the shell 
produce approximately 1 pound of shelled beans. 4 New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, 
Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Idaho, Utah, and Ore- 
gon. 5 Derived value per ton on shelled basis. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 230. — Beans, green lima, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value 
per hundredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market x 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 4 




Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 


Acres 

16,520 

15,850 

14,580 

13,300 

13,300 

16,800 

17,150 

16,500 

15,600 

14,900 

13,250 

11,900 

11,200 

10,900 

10,500 


Cwt. 5 
24 
24 
24 
25 
26 
22 
25 
24 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
26 
25 


1,000 

cwt. 5 
398 
375 
356 
333 
345 
374 
437 
399 
387 
374 
333 
303 
279 
288 
259 


Dollars 
8.60 
7.13 
8.73 
8.98 
8.32 
9.72 
8.08 
8.73 
9.07 
8.70 
9.96 
10.35 
11.70 
11.70 
11.90 


1,000 
dollars 
3,423 
2,611 
3,090 
2,963 
2,844 
3,636 
3,530 
3,485 
3,510 
3,238 
3,306 
3,137 
3,263 
3,373 
3,076 


Acres 
113,420 
101,180 
100,440 
90,650 
81,680 
78,510 
91,810 
100,070 
92,030 
71,650 
75,910 
83,970 
96,950 
97,310 
104,710 
82,850 


Pounds 6 
1,838 
1,751 
2,151 
2,044 
2,175 
2,105 
2,247 
2,313 
2,356 
2,368 
2,076 
2,297 
2,155 
2,380 
2.200 
2,360 


Tons 6 

104,250 

88,600 

108,010 

92,650 

88,810 

82,640 

103,150 

115,710 

108,430 

84,850 

78,810 

96,450 

104,450 

115,680 

115,120 

97,670 


Dollars 
149.50 
142.70 
150.10 
141.80 
140.90 
133.33 
143.42 
144.91 
151.06 
148.36 
181.58 
176.75 
174.23 
178.00 
194.00 
180.00 


1,000 
dollars 
15,584 
12,642 
16,217 
13,137 
12,510 
11,018 
14,794 


1961 

1962 


16,768 
16,379 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


12,588 
14,310 
17,048 
18,198 


1967 

1968 


20,543 
22,337 


1969 7 


17,533 

















1 Estimates discontinued in 1969. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight) : 9 in 1955, 2 in 1956, 3 in 1957, 3 in 1958, 2 in 1963, and 1 in 1964. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

5 In the shell. 

6 Shelled basis; 2 pounds of lima beans in the shell produce approximately 1 pound of shelled beans. 

7 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 232. 



160 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 231. — Beans, snap, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 3 




Per cwt. 


Total 


Per ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 4 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


Acres 
152,800 
151,700 
133,380 
126,370 
123,700 
119,300 
121,030 
117,870 
111,110 
106,730 
102,440 
96,930 
97,660 
98,190 
95,140 
89,250 


Cwt. 
34 
36 
35 
37 
36 
36 
37 
38 
37 
38 
39 
40 
37 
39 
37 
38 


1,000 
cwt. 
5,262 
5,527 
4,644 
4,731 
4,410 
4,258 
4,494 
4,484 
4,118 
4,106 
4,005 
3,884 
3,633 
3,797 
3,549 
3,361 


Dollars 
8.18 
7.93 
9.17 
9.21 
8,05 
9.26 
8.74 
8.84 
9.52 
9.67 
10.07 
10.74 
11.97 
11.50 
12.60 
12.80 


1,000 

dollars 

42,888 

42,159 

41,913 

43,177 

34,298 

39,040 

38,951 

38,875 

38,867 

39,272 

38,881 

40,094 

43,464 

43,724 

44,598 

43,138 


Acres 
153,900 
134,490 
137,810 
153,380 
153,360 
162,270 
173,680 
189,260 
182,610 
194,040 
216,930 
230,660 
245,480 
274,010 
267,110 
238,290 


Tons 
2.2 
2.3 
2.5 
2.4 
2.4 
2.3 
2.3 
2.5 
2.5 
2.4 
2.2 
2.3 
2.1 
2.3 
2.3 
2.4 


Tons 
346,430 
305,690 
338,630 
361,310 
365,000 
365,860 
406,970 
478,550 
450,790 
474,430 
469,880 
540,680 
521,920 
636,790 
626,700 
565,530 


Dollars 
119.50 
111.10 
119.00 
117.00 
110.50 
106.55 
108.31 
104.95 
101.81 

99.68 
101.73 

96.63 
100.82 
102.00 

99.80 

99.20 


1,000 
dollars 
41,396 
33,976 
40,282 
42,260 
40,327 
38,982 
44,080 
50,224 
45,895 
47,291 
47,800 
52,244 
52,618 


1967 

1968. . 


64,726 
62,563 


1969 5 


56,082 



1 Excludes 38,000 cwt. not marketed in 1968. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed 
which were excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 18 in 1954, 208 in 1955, 73 in 1956, 43 in 
1957, 150 in 1958, 44 in 1959, 35 in 1960, 85 in 1961, 35 in 1962, 45 in 1963, 143 in 1964, 152 in 1965, and 3 
in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 233. 



Table 232.- 



-Beans, snap, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, and 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


State 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET 


Acres 
17,000 


Acres 
14,900 


Acres 
15,300 


1,000 
cwt. 
612 


1,000 
cwt. 
492 


1,000 
cwt. 
566 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

12.70 


Dollars 

■per cwt. 

15.20 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
13.10 






Early spring: 
Florida 


11,000 
900 


12,900 
900 


12,700 

( 3 ) 


429 
20 


2 438 
19 


419 

( s ) 


11.70 
14.50 


11.30 
12.50 


10.00 


Texas 


( 3 ) 


Total or average 


11,900 


13,800 


12,700 


449 


457 


419 


11.80 


11.40 


10.00 


Mid-spring: 


3,700 

3,000 

700 

2,200 


3,800 

3,000 

700 

2,200 


3,200 

2,600 

650 

2,100 


130 
72 
19 

75 


122 
75 
16 
66 


96 
62 
15 
52 


11.80 
9.80 

11.20 
9.60 


8.60 
9.80 
13.70 
9.90 


12.90 


Georgia 

Alabama 

Louisiana 


12.80 
14.30 
12.10 


Total or average 


9,600 


9,700 


8,550 


296 


279 


225 


10.70 

12.70 
9.20 
12.90 
10.00 
17.00 


9.52 

12.00 
9.30 
8.70 
6.20 

17.50 


12.80 


Late spring: 


3,800 
1,600 
2,600 
3,300 
1,200 


3,500 
1,700 
2,200 
3,500 
1,200 


3,200 
1,400 
2,300 
3,200 
1,100 


133 
53 

78 
116 
96 


122 
51 
88 
122 
126 


134 
45 

87 
96 
104 


12.30 


Maryland 

Virginia . 


10.30 
10.20 
9.90 


California 


15.10 


Total or average 


12,500 


12.100 


11,200 


476 


509 


466 


12.60 


11.10 


11.80 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SNAP BEANS 



161 



Table 232. — Beans, snap, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


State 


1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET- 

continued 

Summer: 


Acres 

130 

800 

140 

650 

7,200 

800 

1,600 

1,200 

2,100 

500 

5,600 

1,300 

900 

800 

650 


Acres 

130 

800 

140 

700 

6,700 

800 

1,600 

1,200 

2,200 

400 

5,600 

1,200 

1,200 

750 

750 


Acres 
( 3 ) 

750 
( 3 ) 

650 
6,100 

800 
1,600 
( 3 ) 
2,600 

400 
5,600 
1,200 
1,500 

750 
( 3 ) 


1,000 

cwt. 

5 

29 

6 

26 

295 

40 

96 

36 

63 

20 

258 

49 

42 

24 

26 


1,000 

cwt. 

5 

28 

6 

24 

281 

40 

96 

31 

84 

12 

269 

44 

54 

22 

33 


1,000 
cwt. 
( 3 ) 

30 
( 3 ) 
26 
274 
48 
80 
( 3 ) 
88 
16 
224 
42 
64 
23 
( 3 ) 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
13.90 
14.80 
15.40 
16.00 
10.30 
11.00 
10.50 
11.60 
11.00 
8.50 
8.40 
12.50 
8.80 
12.30 
11.40 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
17.80 
17.90 
15.50 
18.60 
12.90 
12.30 
10.30 
10.10 
13.80 
10.20 
10.30 
12.00 
9.70 
12.80 
11.80 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

( 3 ) 




17.90 




( 3 ) 




17.80 




13.00 




12.00 


Ohio 


12.30 




( 3 ) 




12.20 


Virginia 


11.40 
12.20 


Georgia 


13.50 
10.60 




15.50 


Colorado 


( 3 ) 


Total or average 


24,370 


24,170 


21,950 


1,015 


1,029 


915 


10.40 


12.00 


12.80 


Early fall: 

New Jersey 

Maryland 


2,200 
800 

4,000 
550 

1,700 
550 

1,500 


2,500 
850 

3,300 
500 

1,400 
500 

1,400 


2,300 
650 

4,000 
600 

1,200 
500 

1,300 


70 
27 

136 
19 
61 
19 

120 


80 
28 

119 
18 
35 
17 

133 


74 
27 

132 
20 
40 
18 

117 


12.70 
9.00 
9.80 

11.00 

10.70 
9.40 

15.00 


11.40 
9.00 
9.80 
9.70 

11.70 
9.90 

16.20 


12.10 
10.60 
12.20 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Louisiana 

California 


11.20 
11.10 
11.90 
16.00 


Total or average 


11,300 


10,450 


10,550 


452 


430 


428 


11.70 


12.20 


13.00 


Late fall: 

Florida 

Texas 


11,000 
400 


9,500 
400 


9,000 

( 3 ) 


473 
10 


332 
9 


342 

( 3 ) 


11.00 
10.60 


16.60 
14.10 


17.20 

( 3 ) 


Total or average 


11,400 


9,900 


9,000 


483 


341 


342 


11.00 


16.50 


17.20 


All groups 


98,070 


95,020 


89,250 


3,783 


3,537 


3,361 


11.50 


12.50 


12.80 


Hawaii 


120 


120 


( 3 ) 


14 


12 


( 3 ) 


26.10 


34.40 


( 3 ) 




98,190 


95,140 


89,250 


3,797 


3,549 


3,361 


11.50 


12.60 


12.80 






FOR PROCESSING 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina 


Acres 

52,600 

8,800 

9,300 

11,900 

3,400 

4,000 

650 

9,300 

10,300 

14,900 

43,000 

11,600 

6,200 

4,100 

5,500 

2,300 

4,700 

29,600 

13,500 

28,360 


Acres 

53,500 
9,800 
9,700 
13,000 
3,000 
3,300 
800 
5,600 
11,000 
10,600 
41,200 
11,300 
6,000 
2,100 
7,000 
2,300 
4,900 
29,000 
13,900 
29,110 


Acres 

48,500 

6,200 

9,100 

8,700 

2,100 

1,400 

400 

5,400 

9,400 

11,200 

45,400 

10,700 

7,200 

2,000 

5,100 

2,100 

3,300 

28,600 

10,600 

20,890 


Tons 

105,200 

18,500 

15,800 

20,200 

4,800 

6,800 

1,700 

18,600 

20,600 

22,400 

90,300 

20,900 

13,000 

7,400 

10,400 

5,800 

15,500 

148,000 

28,400 

62,490 


Tons 

96,300 

17,600 

13,600 

22,100 

6,300 

5,900 

1,500 

8,400 

19,800 

22,300 

90,600 

19,200 

14,400 

4,200 

16,800 

5,800 

17,600 

153,700 

29,200 

61,400 


Tons 

97,000 

12,400 

14,600 

13,900 

3,400 

3,600 

760 

9,200 

23,500 

19,000 

95,300 

19,300 

12,200 

3,800 

9,200 

5,200 

10,900 

140,100 

26,500 

45,670 


Dollars 
per ton 

92.00 
97.70 
. 95.20 
99.20 
138.00 
110.00 
105.00 
111.00 
99.40 
92.40 
' 81.00 
120.00 
102.00 
105.00 
95.40 
84.20 
122.00 
113.00 
122.00 
104.00 


Dollars 
per ton 

91.80 
92.40 
89.50 
97.60 
105.00 
102.00 
109.00 
114.00 
104.00 
89.30 
81.20 
111.00 
95.40 
98.10 
108.00 
87.70 
106.00 
108.00 
133.00 
103.00 


Dollars 
per ton 

88.70 
99.30 
93.40 
93.00 
98.60 
87.20 
81.50 


Florida 

Illinois 


102.00 
98.40 
90.50 


Wisconsin 

Tennessee 

Arkansas 


85.70 
106.00 
91.30 
82.80 


Texas 


99.40 




81.90 


Washington 


113.00 
110.00 




142.00 


Other States 4 . . 


99.00 








274,010 


267,110 


238,290 


636,790 


626,700 


565,530 


102.00 


99.80 


99.20 








372,200 


362,250 


327,540 


826,640 


804,150 


733,580 


5 131.00 


5 133.00 


5 135.00 







1 Preliminary. 2 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic con- 
ditions (1,000 hundredweight): 1968 — early spring, Florida, 38. 3 Estimates discontinued. 4 Maine, 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, South Dakota, Kansas, 
Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, and Utah. 5 Derived value 
per ton. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



162 

Table 233. 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 

Beets, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market ' 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 

per acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 

per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 4 




Per cwt. 


Total 


Per ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 


Acres 
6,220 
5,840 
5,880 
4,450 
4,500 
3,700 
4,000 
3,750 
3,550 
3,150 
2,940 
2,700 
2,800 
2,750 
1,800 


Cut. 
110 
106 
108 
120 
116 
119 
126 
125 
114 
123 
123 
123 
116 
107 
134 


1,000 
cwt. 
685 
620 
634 
536 
523 
439 
505 
469 
404 
388 
361 
331 
326 
294 
241 


Dollars 
4.32 
4.13 
4.34 
4.11 
3.55 
3.72 
4.09 
4.16 
3.75 
4.46 
4.68 
5.23 
4.15 
4.09 
5.22 


1,000 
dollars 
2,820 
2,492 
2,752 
2,178 
1,859 
1,632 
2,067 
1,951 
1,515 
1,729 
1,688 
1,730 
1,352 
1,202 
1,259 


Acres 

16,120 

18,320 

20,720 

17,250 

16,160 

14,190 

14,780 

17,240 

17,120 

18,700 

16,220 

14,530 

17,050 

17,630 

21,160 

17,790 


Tons 

9.3 

7.9 

9.5 

9.5 

9.5 

10.3 

9.9 

10.6 

12.2 

11.3 

11.0 

12.3 

11.4 

11.7 

12.7 

12.1 


Tons 

149,700 
144,300 
196,900 
163,600 
153,200 
146,700 
145,860 
182,560 
208,840 
211,410 
177,790 
178,510 
193,910 
206,350 
269,200 
215,750 


Dollars 
20.60 
20.60 
19.20 
19.10 
17.70 
18.45 
19.24 
18.57 
18.70 
17.21 
19.04 
18.32 
19.98 
20.50 
23.80 
21.90 


1,000 
dollars 
3,078 
2,974 
3,782 
2,127 
2,715 
2,707 
2,806 
3,390 
3,905 
3,638 
3,385 
3,271 
3,874 
4,226 
6,394 
4,728 


1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


1964 

1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 . 


1969 5 















1 Estimates discontinued in 1969. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 32 in 1954, 16 in 1955, and 6 in 1957. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Begirning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 235. 



Table 234. — Beets, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, and 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


State 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 x 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET 2 


Acres 
1,800 


Acres 
900 


Acres 


1,000 
cwt. 
126 


1,000 
cwt. 
94 


1,000 
cwt. 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

4.60 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

6.00 


Dollars 
per cwt. 










Summer: 


700 
250 


650 
250 




116 
52 


107 
40 




3.15 
4.95 


4.55 
5.20 




Pennsylvania 
















950 


900 




168 


147 




3.70 


4.73 














2,750 


1,800 




294 


241 




4.09 


5.22 












FOR PROCESSING 
New York 


Acres 

4,600 
6,400 
3,300 
2,000 
1,330 


Acres 

5,100 

7,700 
4,400 
2,300 
1,660 


Acres 

4,300 
6,600 
2,700 
2,400 
1,790 


Tons 

78,200 
57,600 
26,100 
30,800 
13,650 


Tons 

89,200 
92,400 
26,800 
42,600 
18,200 


Tons 

71,400 
65,300 
18,600 
43,000 
17,450 


Dollars 
per ton 
19.20 
21.40 
19.90 
20.80 
24.30 


Dollars 
per ton 
21.40 
21.80 
26.80 
30.40 
25.20 


Dollars 
per ton 
19.50 


Wisconsin 

Texas 

Oregon 

Other States 3 


20.40 
26.40 
25.50 
23.90 


United States 


17,630 


21,160 


17,790 


206,350 


269,200 


215,750 


20.50 


23.80 


21.90 








20,380 


22,960 


17,790 


221,050 


281,250 


215,750 


4 24.60 


4 27.20 


4 21.90 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued in 1969. 

3 New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Virginia, Colorado, Utah, Washington, and California. 

4 Derived value per ton. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



BROCCOLI 



163 



Table 235. — Broccoli, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 

per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 2 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 2 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 

35,700 
39,660 
44,200 
39,570 
40,580 
41,550 
41,980 
40,950 


Cwt. 

49 
53 
53 
47 
53 
50 
57 
58 


1,000 

cwt. 

1,763 
2,105 
2,356 
1,857 
2,168 
2,065 
2,372 
2,362 


Dollars 

7.82 
7.91 
7.79 
7.36 
7.73 
7.87 
7.92 
8.02 


1,000 
dollars 

13,783 
16,659 
18,357 
13,666 
16,762 
16,252 
18,780 
18,944 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 s 


Acres 

37,350 
41,450 
38,100 
37,470 
39,280 
43,360 
42,950 
36,360 


Cwt. 

55 
59 
61 
59. 

68 
64 
72 
63 


1,000 
cwt. 

2,064 
2,448 
2,323 
2,211 
2,677 
2,782 
3,080 
2,304 


Dollars 

8.22 
7.85 
7.97 
8.31 
8.68 
8.88 
8.93 
10.50 


1,000 
dollars 

16,972 
19,224 
18,522 
18,369 
23,247 
24,696 
27,497 
24,162 



1 Sprouting broccoli only. Does not include broccoli rabe nor heading (cauliflower) broccoli, 
duction for fresh market and processing. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 237. 



Includes pro- 



Table 236. — Broccoli, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 x 





Acreage 


Productiou 


Value per unit 


Season and State 


1967 • 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Winter: 

Texas 

Arizona 


Acres 

3,100 

460 


Acres 

1,300 

650 


Acres 

2,300 
650 


1,000 
cwt. 

68 
30 


1,000 
cwt. 

46 
39 


1,000 
cwt. 

55 
42 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

13.70 
11.70 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

8.15 
12.00 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

10.70 
13.00 


Total or average 


3,560 


1,950 


2,950 


98 


85 


97 


13.10 


9.92 


11.70 


Early spring: 
California 


15,600 


17,300 


11,800 


1,326 


1,557 


885 


8.25 


8.38 


10.40 


Fall: 

New York and New 

Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Washington 


2,100 
100 
800 

3,300 
17,900 


1,450 
100 
750 

3,600 
17,800 


310 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

2,800 
18,500 


108 
5 

76 
185 
984 


79 

5 

63 

223 

1,068 


16 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

196 
1,110 


9.99 
10.30 
7.08 
9,17 
9.26 


9.96 
13.10 
6.76 
9.41 
9.58 


14.10 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
9.43 


California 


10.60 


Total or average 


24,200 


23,700 


21,610 


1,358 


1,438 


1,322 


9.19 


9.47 


10.50 




43,360 


42,950 


36,360 


2,782 


3,080 


2,304 


8.88 


8.93 


10.50 







1 Sprouting broccoli only. Does not include broccoli rabe nor heading (cauliflower) broccoli, 
duction for fresh market and processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Includes pro- 



164 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 237. — Brussels sprouts, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 x 





Acreage 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value - 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Value - 


Year 


for 

harvest 


Per 
cwt. 


Tctal 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 

6,350 
5,000 
6.400 
6,300 
5,050 
5,560 
5,510 
5,700 


Cwt. 

100 
93 
118 
99 
113 
123 
130 
124 


1,000 
cwt. 

633 
467 
755 

622 
573 
686 

716 
706 


DoUars 

7.41 
8.38 
8.29 
6.77 
8.52 
8.30 
8.92 
9.25 


1,000 

doUars 

4,693 
3,915 
6,259 
4,212 
4,882 
5,696 
6,385 
6,533 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 

6,000 
6,200 
6.200 
6,400 
6,900 
6,600 
6.800 
6,600 


Cwt. 

110 
110 
118 
119 
106 
i04 
94 
95 


1,000 
cwt. 

659 
681 
730 
760 
734 
685 
638 
627 


DoUars 

10.36 
10.01 
10.62 
11.98 
11.86 
11.50 
11.60 
11.50 


1,000 

doUars 

6,824 
6,817 
7,752 

7,967 
8,704 
7,874 
7.427 
7,180 



1 Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

5 Includes the following quantity not marketed which is excluded in computing value: 95,000 cwt. in 1965. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1949-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 239. 

Table 238. — Brussels sprouts, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 
hundredweight, by States, 1967-69 x 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Fall: 


Acres 

900 
5,700 


Acres 

1,200 
5,600 


.4cres 

1,100 
5,500 


1,000 
cwt. 

58 
627 


1.000 
cwt. 

78 
560 


1,000 
cwt. 

77 
550 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

8.43 
11.80 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

7.54 
12.20 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

7.92 


California 


11.90 


"United States 


6,600 


6,800 


6,600 


685 


638 


627 


11.50 


11.60 


11.50 







1 Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 239. — Cabbage, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, and 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


State 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 ' 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


TOTAL CROP - 

Winter: 

Florida 


Acres 

15,400 
19,000 
1,600 
5,100 


Acres 

17,000 

12,500 
1,900 
6,200 


Acres 

17,600 

21,000 

1,500 

4,400 


1,000 
cwt. 

3,234 

2,470 

272 

1,148 


1,000 
cwt. 

3,910 

1,875 

276 

1,550 


1,000 
cwt. 

4,048 

2,625 

165 

770 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

3.30 
3.51 
4.30 
2.80 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

3.50 
3.61 
3.75 
3.05 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

2.84 


Texas 


3.65 


Arizona 

California 


4.10 
3.50 


Total or average 


41,100 


37,600 


44,500 


7,124 


7,611 


7,608 


3.33 


3.44 


3.21 


Early spring: 


2,400 
2,500 
650 
700 
2,300 
3,300 


2,000 
2,500 
700 
700 
2,000 
2,700 


1,900 

2,600 
( 3 ) 

500 
2,200 
2,800 


216 
312 
72 
102 
230 
874 


150 
275 
70 
63 
200 
662 


124 
312 
( 3 ) 
40 
242 
672 


4.55 
2.85 
4.25 
2.60 
3.20 
2.40 


3.00 
2.80 
4.45 
2.15 
2.85 
2.85 


... 
3.40 


Georgia 

Alabama 

Mississippi 


2.50 
P) 

2.25 
2.95 


California 


3.15 


Total or average 


11,850 


10,600 


10,000 


1,806 


1,420 


1,390 


2.92 


2.90 


2.97 



See footnotes on page 166. 



CABBAGE 



165 



Table 239.- 



-Cabbage, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


State 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 i 


TOTAL CROP-COn. 

Late spring: 
Ohio 


Acres 

400 

850 

800 

2,000 

1,700 

1,500 


Acres 

400 

800 

750 

1,500 

1,600 

1,300 


Acres 

380 

800 

750 

1,400 

1,500 

1,100 


1,000 
cwt. 
68 
102 
120 
220 
212 
368 


1,000 

cwt. 

90 

72 

112 

4 150 

4 160 

266 


1,000 

cwt. 

80 

92 

120 

4 140 

4 120 

253 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
3.55 
2.95 
2.20 
3.40 
2.30 
1.60 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
2.90 
2.70 
2.40 
2.60 
2.25 
1.53 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
3.20 




3.15 




2.65 




2.75 


North Carolina 


2.05 
1.37 






Total or average 


7,250 


6,350 


5,930 


1,090 


850 

143 
16 
80 
651 
280 
147 


805 

(3 5) 

( 3 ) 
(3 5) 

638 
260 
130 


2.41 

3.20 
2.95 
3.60 
2.65 
2.80 
1.84 


2.21 


2.29 


Early summer: 


600 
80 

430 
3,000 
1,400 

750 


650 
80 

400 
3,100 
1,300 

700 


(3 5) 

( 3 ) 
(3 5) 

2,900 

1,300 

650 


132 
16 
82 
630 
315 
180 


3.95 
3.60 
4.05 
2.90 
3.20 
2.52 


(3 5) 




( S ) 




(3 5) 




2.85 


Ohio . 


3.65 


Virginia 


3.35 


Total or average 


6,260 


6,230 


4,850 


1,355 


1,317 


1,028 


2.69 


3.11 


3.12 


Late summer: 


2,200 
1,200 
2,400 

280 
3,200 

500 
1,900 
1,300 
2,700 


1,800 
1,100 
2,300 

280 
3,200 

500 
2,000 
1,100 
2,400 


1,800 
1,000 
2,000 
( 3 ) 
3,000 

(3 6) 

2,000 

900 

2,500 


484 

282 

480 

38 

4 73S 

55 

4 436 

306 

634 


378 
220 
448 

36 
608 

60 
440 
297 
528 


378 
240 
400 
( 3 ) 
600 

(3 6) 

470 
180 
562 


2.24 
2.30 
2.85 
3.70 
1.54 
3.70 
1.97 
2.96 
2.85 


2.65 
2.77 
3.45 
3.90 
2.24 
3.75 
3.15 
2.79 
3.50 


2.73 




2.47 




3.55 


Iowa 


( 3 ) 
2.41 


Georgia 

Colorado '. 

Washington 

California 


(3 6) 

2.53 
3.87 
2.85 


Total or average 


15,680 


14,680 


13,200 


3,453 


3,015 


2,830 


2.36 


2.97 


2.82 


Early fall: 
New Hampshire 


270 

700 

80 

550 

1,300 
10,150 
2,000 
1,000 
2,200 
3,300 
6,400 
1,000 
1,410 


230 

600 

80 

500 

1,100 
10,200 
2,000 
1,100 
2,000 
3,600 
5,700 
850 
1,470 


( 3 ) 
1,100 

0) 

850 

1,100 
9,800 
2,000 
1,100 
2,000 
4,500 
5,800 
700 
1,750 


51 
136 

16 
110 

4 257 
47 4,060 
400 
240 
825 
693 
1,952 
210 
429 


46 

123 

16 

95 

242 
7 4,131 

380 
253 
610 
702 
1,824 
170 
450 


( 3 ) 

209 
( 3 ) 

153 

226 
7 3,283 
400 
242 
610 
922 
1,827 
140 
592 


2.70 
3.00 
2.75 
3.25 

2.05 
1.45 
2.40 
2.10 
1.14 
2.35 
1.09 
2.65 
2.04 


4.00 
4.30 
4.95 
4.70 

2.95 
2.00 
3.60 
3.25 
1.36 
3.12 
1.55 
3.45 
2.16 


( 3 ) 
4.20 


Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York: 


( 3 ) 
4.45 

3.90 


Upstate 


2.22 
4.20 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 


3.70 
1.55 
3.43 
1.55 
3 80 


Oregon and Idaho 


1.93 


Total or average 


30,360 


29,430 


30,700 


9,379 


9,042 


8,604 


1.60 


2.19 


2.43 


Late fall: 

Virginia 


270 

1,700 

150 


250 

1,700 

100 


300 

1,700 

100 


4 37 

238 

18 


35 
221 

12 


39 

221 

12 


2.80 
1.75 
3.15 


3.65 
2.60 
3.15 


4.80 
3.55 




4.80 






Total or average 


2,120 


2,050 


2,100 


293 


268 


272 


1.97 


2.76 


3.78 


All groups 


114,620 


106,940 


111,280 


24,500 


23,523 


22,537 


2.41 


2.80 


2.82 


Alaska 

Hawaii 


25 

500 


25 
500 


( 3 ) 
420 


2.2 

98 


3.8 
4 97 


( 3 ) 
99 


9.50 
6.30 


10.80 
6.70 


( 3 ) 
5.80 


United States 


115,145 


107,465 


111,700 


24,600 


23,624 


22,636 


2.43 


2.80 


2 84 






FOR SAUERKRAUT 


Acres 
44,00 
1,600 
4,300 
3,980 


Acres 
4,000 
1,400 
3,800 
3,360 


Acres 
4,100 
1,400 
3,900 
3,570 


Tons 
107,800 
32,000 
70,100 
63,200 


Tons 

92,000 

22,500 

64,600 

52,700 


Tons 
77,900 
23,500 
65,500 
56,050 


Dollars 
per ton 
15.60 
16.20 
16.60 
20.30 


Dollars 
per ton 
17.20 
16.20 
18.20 
20.00 


Dollars 
per ton 
18 80 


Ohio.... 


16.30 
18.70 


Other States 8 .. . 


19.80 






United States 


14,280 


12,560 


12,970 


273,100 


231,800 


222,950 


17.00 


18.00 


18.80 







See footnotes on page 166. 



166 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 240. — Cabbage, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, shrinkage and 
loss, value per hundredweight and per ton, total value, and stocks, United States, 
1954-69 





Total crop 


Stocks 4 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 

per acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Shrinkage 
and loss 2 


Value 3 


Dec. 1 


Jan. 1 s 




Per cwt. 


Total 


1954 


Acres 

148,030 

134,160 

138,320 

121,290 

125,840 

122,880 

128,255 

129,365 

122,070 

117,635 

116,290 

115,910 

111,350 

115,145 

107,465 

111,700 


Cwt. 
176 
163 
196 
179 
189 
172 
191 
180 
189 
196 
190 
201 
195 
214 
220 
203 


1,000 
cwt. 
25,983 
21,893 
27,172 
21,732 
23,788 
21,076 
24,514 
23,294 
23,070 
23,019 
22,084 
23,261 
21,714 
24,600 
23,624 
22,636 


1,000 
cwt. 


Dollars 
1.49 
2.25 
1.61 
2.13 
1.97 
2.38 
2.09 
1.89 
2.69 
2.35 
2.52 
2.41 
3.31 
2.43 
2.80 
2.84 


1,000 

dollars 
36,442 
48,059 
42,020 
45,994 
45,722 
48,709 
49,565 
42,845 
61,182 
53,125 
53,905 
54,724 
70,469 
59,317 
66,106 
63,743 


1,000 

cwt. 

1,311 

475 

1,372 

640 

973 

375 

1,000 

1,030 

1,125 

1,150 

910 

1,180 

725 

980 

1,020 

745 


1,000 
cwt. 
617 


1955 




154 
943 


1956 




1957 

1958 




366 
571 


1959 

I960 6 

1961 

1962 

1963 


142 
338 
133 
165 

228 
164 
270 

148 
200 
191 
164 


85 
580 
720 
695 
855 


1964 

1965 

1966 


460 
810 
390 


1967 

1968 

1969 7 


720 
610 

400 





For fresh market 


For sauerkraut 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 3 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 3 




Per cwt. 


Total 


Per ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 


Acres 
132,200 
120,910 
121,950 
109,830 
113,890 
112,010 
114,055 
116,275 
109,940 
106,105 
106,010 
103,160 
100,590 
100,865 
94,905 
98,730 


Cwt. 
165 
154 
180 
167 
173 
162 
176 
163 
171 
179 
177 
179 
180 
190 
200 
184 


1,000 
cwt. 
21,811 
18,679 
21,994 
18,325 
19,728 
18,091 
20,105 
18,949 
18,813 
19,023 
18,802 
18,483 
18,123 
19,132 
18,988 
18,177 


Dollars 
1.68 
2.48 
1.86 
2.38 
2.27 
2.65 
2.40 
2.19 
3.16 
2.71 
2.84 
2.87 
3.77 
2.87 
3.28 
3.29 


1,000 

dollars 

33,937 

45,131 

38,962 

43,438 

43,372 

46,437 

46,146 

40,098 

58,382 

50,556 

51,404 

51,466 

66,873 

54,664 

61,928 

59,561 


Acres 

15,830 

13,250 

16,370 

11,460 

11,950 

10,870 

14,200 

13,090 

12,130 

11,530 

10,280 

12,750 

10,760 

14,280 

12,560 

12,970 


Tons 
13.2 
12.1 
15.8 
14.9 
17.0 
13.7 
15.5 
16.5 
17.4 
17.1 
15.8 
18.7 
16.7 
19.1 
18.5 
17.2 


Tons 

208,600 
160,700 
258,900 
170,000 
203,000 
149,280 
220,460 
215,700 
211,270 
197,260 
162,850 
238,910 
179,560 
273,100 
231,800 
222,950 


Dollars 
12.00 
18.20 
11.80 
15.00 
11.60 
15.22 
15.51 
12.74 
13.25 
13.04 
15.36 
13.64 
20.03 
17.00 
18.00 
18.80 


1,000 
dollars 
2,505 
2,928 
3,058 
2,556 
2,350 


1959 

I960 6 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


2,272 
3,419 
2,747 
2,800 
2,572 
2,501 
3,258 


1966 


3,596 


1967 

1968 


4,646 
4,178 


1969 7 


4,182 



1 Excludes the following quantities not marketed (1,000 hundredweight): 420 in 1967, 144 in 1968, and 135 
in 1969. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed which were excluded in computing 
value (1,000 hundredweight): 1,573 in 1954, 516 in 1955, 1,003 in 1956, 112 in 1957, 629 in 1958, 432 in 1959, 
504.4 in 1960, 523.3 in 1961, 156.4 in 1962, 145.6 in 1963, 507.2 in 1964, 305 in 1965, and 258 in 1966. 

2 New York storage crop; excluded in computing value for total crop and fresh market. Not available prior 
to 1959. 

3 Fresh market value on f.o.b. basis. Beginning 1964, processing value at processing plant door; prior to 
1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

4 Grower and dealer stocks, New York only. 

5 Jan. 1 of succeeding year. 

6 Beginning 1960, includes Alaska and Hawaii. 

7 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 241. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 239 

1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

4 Excludes the following quantities not harvested because of economic conditions (1,000 hundredweight): 
1967 — late summer, North Carolina, 54, and Colorado, 24; early fall, New York, Long Island, 16, and New 
York, Upstate, 318; late fall, Virginia, 8; 1968— Hawaii, 1; late spring, Virginia, 60, and North Carolina, 83; 
1969 — late spring, Virginia, 60, and North Carolina, 75. 

5 Combined with "Early fall." 

6 Combined with "Early spring." 

7 Storage crop includes some quantities lost by shrinkage and waste. 

8 Pennsylvania, Indiana, Michigan, Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, Tennessee, Texas, Idaho, Colorado, 
Washington, and Oregon. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



CANTALOUPS 



167 



Table 241. — Cantaloups, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight, by States, 1967-69 x 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Spring: 

Florida 


Acres 

1,000 
12,500 
10,900 

9,400 


Acres 

1,000 
12,500 
11,600 
13,100 


Acres 

1,200 
18,000 
12,800 
16,100 


1,000 
cwt. 

90 
1,312 
1,308 
1,175 


1,000 
cwt. 

70 

938 

1,392 

1,441 


1,000 
cwt. 

72 
1,260 
1,664 
1,852 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

5.20 
8.70 
9.70 
8.40 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

6.70 
5.60 
8.10 
7.30 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

7.60 


Texas 

Arizona 

California 


7.20 
6.30 
6.00 


Total or average 


33,800 


38,200 


48,100 


3,885 


3,841 


4,848 


■8.86 


7.16 


6.44 


Early summer: 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


3,500 
5,500 
1,500 
1,900 
1,100 


3,500 
5,700 
1,300 
1,900 
1,000 


3,500 
5,800 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
2,100 


147 
330 

78 
114 

82 


158 
342 
72 
114 
120 


175 
302 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
231 


3.90 
6.90 
4.90 
3.05 

8.70 


4.05 
5.70 
4.25 
3.25 
7.10 


4.60 
6.30 

( 3 ) 


Oklahoma 

Arizona 


( 3 ) 
5.80 


Total or average 


13,500 


13,400 


11,400 


751 


806 


708 


5.72 


5.11 


5.72 


Mid-summer: 


2,200 
1,300 
350 
1,000 
1,100 
7,000 
35,500 


2,200 
1,300 
400 
1,100 
1,100 
8,000 
38,700 


2,100 
( s ) 

( 3 ) 

(3) 

( 3 ) 

7,500 
46,300 


275 
78 
21 
60 
72 

322 
5,827 


253 

84 
28 
77 
60 
264 
6,966 


273 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

262 
6,714 


3.55 
2.55 
2.75 
2.75 
6.40 
5.70 
5.11 


3.70 
2.95 
3.65 
3.65 
6.40 
6.20 
5.30 


4.20 


Illinois 

Delaware 


( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 




( 3 ) 


Texas 

California 


5.60 
5.10 


Total or average 


48,450 


52,800 


55,900 


6,655 


7,732 


7,249 


5.03 


5.24 


5.08 


Late summer: 


900 
1,400 
1,500 
2,200 

900 
2,300 

500 


800 
1,300 
1,400 
2,100 

700 
2,400 

450 


800 
( 3 ) 

1,500 
2,000 
( 3 ) 

2,400 
( 3 ) 


86 

77 
141 
187 

81 
184 

45 


80 

78 
119 
178 

63 
240 

36 


68 

( 3 ) 
112 
170 

( 3 ) 
216 

( 3 ) 


6.10 
3.70 
4.95 
6.80 
5.20 
3.35 
3.00 


6.20 
4.00 
4.75 
7.20 
4.95 
4.15 
3.60 


7 50 


New Jersey 

Ohio. 

Michigan 


( 3 ) 
5.00 
7.70 

( 3 ) 
3.90 

( 3 ) 


Colorado 

Washington 


Total or average 


9,700 


9,150 


6,700 


801 


794 


566 


4.93 


5.15 


5.69 


Early fall: 


450 
2,800 


400 
2,800 


1,000 
2,800 


54 

406 


40 
322 


60 
294 


6.40 
4.65 


7.20 
5.40 


6.00 




4 50 






Total or average 


3,250 


3,200 


3,800 


460 


362 


354 


4.86 


5.60 


4.75 


United States . . 


108,700 


116,750 


125,900 


12,552 


13,535 


13,725 


6.25 


5.78 


5 61 







1 Includes casaba and persian melons, but not honeyball and honeydew melons. 

2 Preliminary. 

s Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



168 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 242. — Cantaloups, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 2 


Year 


'Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Value 2 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
139,370 
138,070 
127,500 
119,850 
131,350 
123,850 
125,900 
120,450 


Cwt. 
95 
94 
97 
93 
95 
104 
100 
106 


1,000 
cwt. 
13,197 
12,937 
12,333 
11,110 
12,424 
12,870 
12,56? 
12,765 


Dollars 
4.00 
4.18 
4.19 
5.13 
3.98 
4.38 
4.33 
5.01 


1,000 

dollars 

52,784 

54,064 

51,631 

56,954 

47,881 

56,301 

54,337 

63,981 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
128,850 
122,150 
121,450 
110,100 
105,300 
108,700 
116,750 
125,900 


Cwt. 
104 
110 
100 
106 
102 
115 
116 
109 


1,000 
cwt. 
13,343 
13,409 
12,162 
11,714 
10,753 
12,552 
13,535 
13,725 


Dollars 
4.23 
4.96 
5.02 
5.51 
6.27 
6.25 
5.78 
5.61 


1,000 
dollars 
55,608 
66,554 
61,009 
63,229 
67,470 
78,407 
78,261 
77,021 



1 Includes casaba and persian melons, but not honeyball and honeydew melons. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 193 in 1962, and 242 in 1965. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 244. 



Table 243. — Carrots, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 4 

1961 


Acres 
79,750 
79,880 
79,040 
79,490 
82,240 
80,750 
83,625 
73,970 


Cwt. 
190 
186 
206 
190 
199 
192 
219 
214 


1,000 
cwt. 
15,113 
14,838 
16,253 
15,095 
16,363 
15,480 
18,335 
15,797 


Dollars 
3.92 
3.93 
3.49 
4.05 
3.50 
3.55 
3.12 
3.86 


1,000 

dollars 

57,918 

57,778 

56,271 

61,069 

56,306 

55,014 

54,558 

61,011 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


Acres 
83,340 
91,170 
82,505 
79,975 
80,530 
81,265 
72,595 
80,400 


Cwt. 
202 
198 
197 
220 
216 
218 
266 
227 


1,000 
cwt. 
16,808 
18,015 
16,215 
17,588 
17,386 
17,724 
19,346 
18,275 


Dollars 
3.33 
2.91 
3.46 
3.51 
4.03 
4.21 
4.32 
4.60 


1,000 
dollars 
56,005 
52,184 
56,175 
61,819 
69,994 
74.595 
83,498 
84,097 



1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight) : 
321 in 1954, 135 in 1955, 110 in 1956, 289 in 1958, 871.8 in 1960, 0.5 in 1961, 0.6 in 1962, and 110.4 in 1963. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Alaska. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 245. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 249 

1 Excludes the following quantities not marketed (1,000 hundredweight): 30 in 1967, and 49 in 1969. Prior 
to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed which were excluded in computing value (1,000 hun- 
dredweight) : 233 in 1955, 13 in 1956, 180 in 1958, 105 in 1959. 242 in 1961 , 50 in 1962, 228 in 1963, 157 in 1964, 
46 in 1965, and 89 in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 251. 



CARROTS; CAULIFLOWER 



169 



Table 244. — Carrots, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 x 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Winter: 
Texas 


Acres 

30,600 

7,500 


Acres 

16,000 

10,200 


Acres 

28,000 

8,600 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,519 
2,025 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,560 
2,703 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,640 
2,408 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

3.30 

5.09 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

6.50 

5.89 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
4.05 




4.94 






Total or average 


38,100 


26,200 


36,600 


5,544 


5,263 


6,048 


3.96 


6.19 


4.40 


Spring: Arizona 


3,800 


3,700 


2,800 


684 


610 


504 


3.75 


6.50 


4.70 


Early summer: 
California 


7,900 


8,700 


6,500 


2,528 


3,045 


2,080 


4.41 


4.19 


5.52 


Late summer: 

New Jersey 

Ohio. 

Illinois 


800 
500 
400 


800 
600 
400 


1,000 

( 3 ) 
500 


348 
128 
96 


368 
159 
96 


370 

( 3 ) 
120 


1.75 
3.03 
3.06 


1.62 
2.89 
2.91 


1.77 
( 3 ) 
6.12 


Total or average 


1,700 


1,800 


1,500 


572 


623 


490 


2.26 


2.14 


2.84 


Early fall: 

Massachusetts 

Connecticut 


550 
430 
1,900 
4,800 
2,900 
750 
6,000 
1,200 
2,600 
1,700 


550 
400 
2,200 
5,300 
2,800 
700 
7,000 
1,200 
2,300 
2,000 


500 
350 
2,300 
6,200 
2,800 
750 
6,500 
1,400 
2,100 
1,800 


121 

95 

627 

1,104 

1,131 

352 

1,020 

216 

845 

672 


126 
80 

737 
1,325 
1,162 

273 
1,225 

240 
1,058 

840 


110 

70 

713 

1,302 

1,120 

349 

975 

245 

966 

855 


6.90 
7.00 
3.20 
6.17 
2.07 
2.05 
7.63 
5.80 
1.98 
1.87 


5.80 
6.00 
2.60 
4.03 
1.93 
2.14 
4.45 
4.95 
1.60 
1.57 


7.20 
7.80 
3.29 




7.26 


Wisconsin 


2.39 
1.79 


Texas 


7.09 
7.00 


Washington 

Oregon 


1.80 
1.54 


Total or average 


22,830 


24,450 


24,700 


6,183 


7,066 


6,705 


4.10 


2.96 


4.19 


Late fall: California 


6,900 


7,700 


8,300 


2,208 


2,734 


2,448 


5.54 


4.34 


5.77 




81,230 


72,550 


80,400 


17,719 


19,341 


18,275 


4.21 


4.31 


4.60 








35 


45 


( 3 ) 


5.2 


5.4 


( 3 ) 


11.50 


11.30 


( 3 ) 








81,265 


72,595 


80,400 


17,724 


19,346 


18,275 


4.21 


4.32 


4.60 







1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes quantities used for processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 245. — Cauliflower, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight, and total value, 1954-69 * 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
27,650 
29,380 
32,430 
32,570 
30,220 
28,320 
30,520 
28,400 


Cwt. 
75 
86 
89 
82 
85 
80 
96 
91 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,072 
2,536 
2,894 
2,678 
2,579 
2,259 
2,930 
2,576 


Dollars 
6.47 
6.75 
6.03 
6.08 
6.73 
6.31 
5.90 
6.36 


1,000 

dollars 

13,396 

17,107 

17,451 

16,167 

17,346 

14,245 

17.279 

16,377 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
26,830 
27,780 
26,460 
24,800 
25,900 
26,000 
27,300 
26,200 


Cwt. 
96 
93 
95 

100 
97 
93 

100 
97 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,570 
2,596 
2,507 
2,473 
2,511 
2,428 
2,729 
2,549 


Dollars 
7.45 

7.48 
7.69 
8.22 
8.72 
8.89 
8.87 
9.69 


1,000 
dollars 
19,134 
19,414 
19,291 
20,333 
21,887 
21,584 
24,200 
24,694 



1 Includes heading (cauliflower) broccoli; includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 Includes the following quantity not marketed which is excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 
20 in 1957. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 247. 



170 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 246. — Cauliflower, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight, by States, 1967-69 * 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Wintei : 

Texas 

Arizona 


Acres 
1,400 
650 


Acres 
800 
650 


Acres 
1,200 
900 


1,000 
cwt. 
49 
40 


1,000 
cwt. 
40 
36 


1,000 
cwt. 
78 
50 


DoUars 

per cwt. 

16.60 

13.00 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

16.00 

13.90 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
13.30 

14.10 


Total or average 


2,050 


1,450 


2,100 


89 


76 


128 


15.00 


15.00 


13.60 


Early spring: 

California 


8,400 


8,600 


6,600 


756 


774 


594 


9.56 


9.96 


11.20 


Summer: 


1,800 
200 
900 


1,800 
200 
800 


1,600 

( 3 ) 
500 


171 

18 

108 


180 
20 
96 


136 
( 3 ) 
80 


8.32 
10.10 
5.82 


9.84 
8.20 
6.23 


11 70 




(3) 


Washington 


6.14 


Total or average 


2,900 


2,800 


2,100 


297 


296 


216 


7.52 


8.56 


9.65 


Early fall: 

New York, L.I 

Michigan 

Oregon 


1,700 

850 

1,600 


1,800 

850 

1,900 


1,400 

800 

1,800 


212 
64 
160 


225 

60 

209 


147 
48 
162 


9.27 
10.40 
5.35 


9.71 
10.60 
5.08 


12.20 
12.30 
5.59 


Total or average 


4,150 


4,550 


4,000 


436 


494 


357 


7.99 


7.86 


9.22 


Late fall: California 


8,500 


9,900 


11,400 


850 


1,089 


1,254 


8.60 


8.21 


8.71 


United States 


26,000 


27,300 


26,200 


2,428 


2,729 


2,549 


8.89 


8.87 


9.69 







1 Includes heading (cauliflower) broccoli; includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 247. — Celery, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 x 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value s 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 4 

1961 


Acres 
35,770 
33,000 
35,600 
34,740 
35,130 
37,670 
36,210 
31,390 


Cut. 

423 
464 
456 
436 
406 
412 
419 
476 


1,000 
cwt. 
15,126 
15,304 
16,232 
15,137 
14,260 
15,534 
15,169 
14,957 


DoUars 
3.31 
3.94 
3.29 
3.86 
4.43 
3.28 
3.32 
3.26 


1,000 
dollars 
48,777 
59,964 
50,642 
58,413 
63,103 
48,255 
50,394 
48,348 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


Acres 
30,450 
30,890 
30,540 
30,760 
32,570 
32,420 
32,580 
32,630 


Cwt. 
463 
463 
461 
460 
455 
448 
469 
469 


1,000 
cwt. 
14,084 
14,297 
14,069 
14,152 
14,827 
14,512 
15,295 
15,291 


Dollars 
4.70 
3.60 
4.57 
4.44 
4.89 
4.75 
4.66 
5.42 


1,000 

dollars 
66,214 
50,513 
63,474 
62,201 
71,060 
68,889 
71,309 
82,934 



1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Excludes the following quantities not .marketed (1,000 hundredweight): 823 in 1967, 396 in 1968, and 128 
in 1969. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed which were excluded in computing 
value (1,000 hundredweight): 405 in 1954, 66 in 1955. 859 in 1956, 825 in 1959, 136 in 1961, 253 in 1963, 
183 in 1964, 134 in 1965, and 297 in 1966. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 
3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Affricultural Statistics, 1967, table 249. 



CELERY; CORN 



171 



Table 248. — Celery, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 1 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Winter: 
Florida 


Acres 
6,900 
4,300 


Acres 
6,600 
4,000 


Acres 
6,700 
4,800 


1,000 

cwt. 

3 2,932 

3 2,129 


1,000 

cwt. 
3 2,796 

2,240 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,780 
2,712 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

3.55 

3.70 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

5.10 

4.59 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
4.70 


California 


4.31 


Total or average 


11,200 


10,600 


11,500 


5,061 


5,036 


5,492 


3.61 


4.87 


4.51 


Spring: 

Florida 

California 


4,500 
3,200 


4,500 
3,000 


5,100 
3,200 


3 1,689 
1,632 


3 1,553 
1,665 


3 1,760 
1,760 


5.20 
5.60 


5.20 
5.57 


6.80 
6.66 


Total or average 


7,700 


7,500 


8,300 


3,321 


3,218 


3,520 


5.40 


5.39 


6.73 


Early summer: 
California 


2,600 


3,000 


2,700 


1,313 


1,770 


1,512 


5.30 


4.58 


5.67 


Summer: 

Massachusetts 


80 
1,800 
250 
180 
450 
1,900 
290 


80 
2,000 
250 
160 
450 
1,800 
290 


( 4 ) 

1,700 
( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 

440 
1,800 

290 


14 
558 

65 

38 
180 
722 

91 


14 
580 
70 
34 
191 
3 753 
91 


( 4 ) 
510 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 
163 
756 
93 


11.90 
5.60 
5.80 
8.50 
8.80 
6.05 
6.20 


11.20 
3.50 
4.35 
6.25 
6.00 
4.45 
5.10 


( 4 ) 
5.55 




( 4 ) 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio. 


( 4 ) 
8.20 
7.32 




6.20 


Total or average 


4,950 


5,030 


4,230 


1,668 


1,733 


1,522 


6.30 


4.42 


6.75 


Late fall: California 


5,900 


6,400 


5,900 


3,127 


3,520 


3,245 


4.80 


3.84 


4.82 


All groups 


32,350 


32,530 


32,630 


14,490 


15,277 


15,291 


4.74 


4.66 


5.42 


Hawaii 


70 


50 


( 4 ) 


22 


18 


( 4 ) 


9.10 


9.30 


( 4 ) 




32,420 


32,580 


32,630 


14,512 


15,295 


15,291 


4.75 


4.66 


5.42 







1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 2 Preliminary. 3 Ex- 
cludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 1967— winter, Florida, 422, and California, 215; spring, Florida, 186; 1968— winter, Florida, 94; 
spring, Florida, 257; summer, Michigan, 45; 1969 — spring, Florida, 128. 4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 249. — Corn, sweet, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 3 




Per cwt. 


Total 


Per ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 4 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


Acres 
209,700 
197,900 
187,600 
193,900 
207,750 
215,100 
200,160 
200,110 
207,170 
207,240 
197,850 
199,580 
194,760 
190,700 
181,580 
185,300 


Cwt. 
58 
62 
62 
59 
61 
61 
63 
66 
64 
64 
62 
66 
62 
69 
68 
67 


1,000 
cwt. 
12,214 
12,315 
11,719 
11,524 
12,756 
13,017 
12,696 
13,204 
13,189 
13,347 
12,348 
13,149 
12,158 
13,117 
12,395 
12,436 


Dollars 
3.63 
3.20 
3.86 
4.32 
3.43 
3.72 
4.04 
4.01 
3.92 
4.00 
4.51 
4.40 
5.05 
4.84 
5 25 
4.95 


1,000 

dollars 

44,300 

38,659 

45,222 

49,756 

43,161 

47,987 

51,349 

51,997 

51 ,496 

52,419 

54,929 

57,633 

60,936 

63,543 

65,042 

61,562 


Acres 
453,210 
389,520 
449,030 
441,910 
388,000 
418,650 
411,890 
450,520 
442,800 
392,320 
353,040 
376,690 
445,650 
470,550 
519,160 
446,400 


Tons 
3.28 
3.01 
3.81 
3.45 
3.43 
3.78 
3.38 
3.83 
4.06 
4.28 
4.19 
4.28 
4.40 
4.47 
4.78 
4.67 


Tons 
1,488,800 
1,174,000 
1,710,000 
1,524,500 
1,329,900 
1,582,170 
1,390,960 
1,726,270 
1,799,250 
1,679,140 
1,480,700 
1,613,600 
1,962,400 
2,101,900 
2,479,300 
2,086,500 


Dollars 
20.70 
19.50 
20.30 
19.90 
18.80 
19.12 
19.24 
19.43 
20.09 
19.97 
20.39 
22.41 
22.75 
25.00 
25.60 
25.00 


1,000 
dollars 
30,797 
22,851 
34,760 
30,358 
24,939 
30,249 
26,768 
33,545 
36,144 
33,539 
30,185 
36,159 
44,637 


1967 

1968 


52,541 
63,405 


1969 5 


52,226 



See footnotes on page 168. 



172 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 250. — Corn, sweet, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET 


Acres 
11,100 


Acres 
9,000 


Acres 
9,000 


1,000 

cwt. 

777 


1,000 
cwt. 
630 


1,000 
cwt. 
675 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

7.10 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

8.20 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

8 60 






Early spring: 

Florida 


33,100 
6,000 


31,200 
4,500 


38,800 
5,500 


3,144 
270 


2,652 
180 


2 3,220 

192 


5.50 
5.90 


5.80 
10.30 


5 40 


Texas ... 


7 40 






Total or average 


39,100 


35,700 


44,300 


3,414 


2,832 


3,412 


5.53 


6.09 


5.51 


Late spring: 


1,300 
1,400 
2,500 
4,000 


1,300 
1,400 
3,200 
4,100 


( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 
3,000 
3,600 


78 

45 

125 

260 


84 

48 

144 

369 


( s ) 

( 3 ) 
165 
216 


4.45 
5.10 
6.80 
7.50 


4 30 
3.90 
5.20 
6.90 


( 3 ) 




(3) 




4 60 




7 10 






Total or average 


9,200 


10,000 


6,600 


508 


645 


381 


6.65 


5.96 


6.02 


Early summer: 


11,400 
2,200 
1 ,000 
2,700 
4,100 
1,600 
7,600 


11,300 
2,300 
1,100 
2,500 
4,500 
1,100 
7,600 


11,500 
2,700 

( 3 ) 
3,000 
4,600 

( 3 ) 
8,100 


855 
165 

60 
202 
308 

64 
456 


848 
161 

72 
205 
360 

33 
418 


862 
230 

( 3 ) 
180 
322 

( 3 ) 
486 


3.50 
6.10 
3.85 
5.80 
4.50 
5.40 
5.40 


4.10 
6.60 
4.20 
6.30 
4.45 
5.10 
5.60 


3 70 




5 00 




(3) 




4 05 




4 50 




(3) 




3 95 






Total or average 


30,600 


30,400 


29,900 


2,110 


2,097 


2,080 


4.55 


4.89 


4.06 


Late summer: 


1,400 

8,300 

1,000 

5,200 

18,200 

12,500 

12,500 

6,400 

9,800 

1,500 

3,200 

2,500 

1,600 


1,300 

8,600 

1,000 

5,200 

18,800 

12,000 

12,500 

6,000 

10,300 

1,700 

3,500 

2,400 

1,500 


1,400 
8,300 
( 3 ) 
5,500 
18,200 
12,600 
11,500 
5,400 
11,300 

( 3 ) 
3,200 
2,600 
1,700 


105 
581 

70 
338 
2 982 
688 
900 
448 
735 

74 
192 
162 

99 


117 
602 

75 
338 
978 
660 
950 
450 
824 

68 
228 
180 
100 


105 
581 

( 3 ) 
358 
928 
693 
805 
378 
848 

( 3 ) 
224 
221 
114 


4.20 
4.40 
4.15 
4.55 
3.20 
4.85 
3.65 
2.40 
4.05 
3.10 
3.80 
5.80 
5.30 


5.50 
5.70 
5.50 
5.70 
4.20 
5.80 
3.75 
2.30 
2.75 
3.55 
3.95 
6.00 
5.70 


4 80 




5 22 




( 3 ) 




5 90 




3 90 




5 30 


Ohio 


3.75 




2 50 




3 00 




( 3 ) 




4.05 




4 65 




5.20 






Total or average 


84,100 


84,800 


81,700 


5,374 


5,570 


5,255 


3.92 


4.31 


4.18 


Fall: 

Florida. 


13,400 
2,900 


8,800 
2,500 


11,500 
2,300 


777 
145 


484 
125 


518 
115 


5.40 
5.40 


7.30 
7.00 


6.90 
5.80 






Total or average 


16,300 


11,300 


13,800 


922 


609 


633 


5.40 


7.24 


6.70 


All groups 


190,400 


181,200 


185,300 


13,105 


12,383 


12,436 


4.84 


5.24 


4.95 


Hawaii 


300 


380 


( 3 ) 


12 


12 


( 3 ) 


10.40 


11.60 


( 3 ) 




190,700 


181,580 


185,300 


13,117 


12,395 


12,436 


4.84 


5.25 


4.95 






FOR PROCESSING 


Acres 
14,800 

9,300 
59,200 
114,000 
121,400 

6,600 

3,900 
24,700 
17,000 
47,900 
34,800 
16,950 


Acres 

15,000 

12,400 

61,700 

127,200 

125,300 

7,900 

4,200 

26,400 

24,000 

52,500 

41,600 

20,960 


Acres 
13,500 

7,500 
50,200 
118,700 
113,300 

6,900 

3,000 
22,200 
23,300 
38,200 
33,800 
15,800 


Tons* 

77,000 

34,600 

265,800 

428,600 

509,900 

26,100 

14,000 

90,200 

94,900 

271,100 

217,200 

72,500 


Tons* 

78,800 

32,900 

264,700 

553,300 

607,700 

42,200 

11,400 

70,000 

136,600 

310,800 

291,200 

79,700 


Tons* 

42,000 

24,400 

229,900 

423,800 

540,400 

29,600 

11,700 

71,300 

140,300 

246,000 

263,600 

63,500 


Dollars 
per ton 
22.50 
26.50 
27.10 
22.00 
22.00 
23.20 
25.60 
22.50 
25.20 
31.70 
29.40 
23.10 


Dollars 
per ton 
30.30 
27.50 
26.20 
23.00 
22.00 
22.10 
24.20 
24.40 
26.40 
32.10 
29.90 
23.50 


Dollars 
per ton 
28 40 


Pennsylvania 

Illinois 


27.40 
26.80 
23.70 




21.80 


Iowa 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Idaho. 

Washington 

Oregon 

Other States 5 


21.80 
24.70 
23.90 
26.40 
29.80 
28.40 
23.20 




470,550 


519,160 


446,400 


2,101,900 


2,479,300 


2,086,500 


25.00 


25.60 


25.00 






Grand total 


661,250 


700,740 


631,700 


2,757,750 


3,099,050 


2,708,300 


6 42.10 


6 41.40 


6 42.00 



See footnotes on page 174. 



CUCUMBERS 



173 



Table 251. — Cucumbers, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight and per ton, total value, and pickle stocks, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market 


For processing 




Year 


Acreage 
for 
har- 
vest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion l 


Value 3 


Pickled 
stocks 




Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

ton 


Total 


Oct. 1 4 


1954 

1955 


Acres 
52,850 
51,550 
49,250 
56,970 
52,800 
52,480 
53,690 
49,690 
49,220 
52,590 
52,280 
50,800 
48,490 
50,680 
54,990 
50,570 


Cwt. 
80 
82 
80 
80 
84 
77 
82 
92 
85 
92 
96 
97 
97 
98 
81 
92 


1,000 
cwt. 
4,210 
4,237 
3,961 
4,576 
4,432 
4,057 
4,401 
4,590 
4,197 
4,860 
5,042 
4,930 
4 713 
4,980 
4,466 
4,678 


Dollars 
4.73 
4.48 
5.41 
5.08 
4.50 
5.76 
5.10 
5.14 
6.00 
5.20 
5.77 
5.93 
6.74 
6.37 
7.10 
7.25 


1,000 
dollars 
18,743 
18,337 
21,269 
22,763 
18,543 
22,463 
21,746 
23,161 
24,688 
24,703 
28,495 
29,195 
31,758 
31,717 
31,692 
33,900 


Acres 
138,310 
125,400 
115,960 
129,280 
119,150 

98,960 

90,230 
103,100 

98,960 
107,720 
108,900 
107,610 
129,620 
154,700 
144,820 
131,020 


Tons 
2.18 
2.50 
2.78 
2.86 
3.00 
3.33 
3.72 
3.97 
4.06 
4.33 
3.91 
4.10 
4.12 
3.85 
3.83 
3.88 


Tons 
301,000 
311,600 
323,000 
369,900 
356,300 
329,820 
336,060 
408,930 
401,520 
466,680 
425,790 
441,560 
533,950 
595,640 
554,640 
507,950 


Dollars 
59.17 
54.17 
' 55.00 
54.16 
53.33 
50.85 
54.33 
55.77 
53.39 
55.36 
65.82 
75.99 
82.22 
91.20 
92.20 
91.90 


1,000 
dollars 
17,770 
16,892 
17,793 
19,981 
18,979 
16,772 
18,258 
22,804 
21,439 
25,834 
28,025 
32,517 
43,901 
54,315 
51,143 
46,668 


Tons 
300,240 
285,816 
301,560 
316,464 
326,928 
294,500 
278,840 
300,230 
396,960 
450,980 
434,230 
454,350 
482,190 


1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 5 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 . 


1965 

1966 


1967 

1968 

1969 6 


568,820 
581.000 
535,000 



1 For fresh market, excludes 96,000 cwt. not marketed in 1968. Prior to 1967, included some quantities not 
marketed which were excluded in computing value: For fresh market (1,000 hundredweight) — 247 in 1954, 
146 in 1955, 30 in 1956, 98 in 1957, 308 in 1958, 156 in 1959, 141 in 1960, 80 in 1961, 81 in 1962, 106 in 1963, 
101 in 1964, and 3 in 1965; for processing (tons)— 13,650 in 1965, and 300 in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving 
point. 

4 Stocks in hands of original salters of both salt and dill pickles, sold and unsold, in tanks and barrels, on 
Oct. 1. Beginning 1962, includes stocks of fresh-pack pickles. 

5 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 253. 



Table 252. — Cucumbers, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


FOR FRESH MARKET 

Early spring: 

Florida 

Texas 


Acres 

8,300 
2,400 


uteres 

8,700 
2,400 


Acres 

9,000 
2,800 


1,000 
cwt. 

872 
144 


1,000 
cwt. 

914 
108 


1,000 
cwt. 

1,080 
112 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

7.00 
5.80 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

8.00 
6.30 


DoUars 
per cwt. 

7.10 
7.20 


Total or average 


10,700 


11,100 


11,800 


1,016 


1,022 


1,192 


6.83 


7.82 


7.11 


Late spring: 
North Carolina 


6,000 

6,100 

600 

1,300 


6,700 

6,200 

750 

1,300 


6,100 

4,800 

( 3 ) 

1,400 


402 

427 

54 

254 


402 

2 278 

60 

338 


336 
288 
(') 
371 


5.30 
7.50 
5.30 
9.20 


2.80 
5.40 
4.65 
10.20 


5.50 
5.60 


Louisiana 


( 3 ) 
8.30 






Total or average 


14,000 


14,950 


12,300 


1,137 


1,078 


995 


7.00 


5.89 


6.57 


Early summer: 


1,700 

650 

400 

1,700 

1,400 


1,700 

850 

350 

1,800 

1,700 


1,800 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

1,800 
1,700 


221 

58 
38 
162 
91 


238 

55 

37 

225 

119 


234 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 
234 
119 


4.35 
5.60 
4.70 
4.95 
6.00 


4.95 
5.30 
5.70 
6.00 
6.70 


5.60 


Illinois 


( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 


Maryland 


5.60 
6.60 






Total or average 


5,850 


6,400 


5,300 


570 


674 


587 


4.94 


5.68 


5.80 



See footnotes at end of table. 



174 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 252. — Cucumbers, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 



Utilization, season, 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 • 


FOR FRESH MARKET-COI1. 

Late summer: 


Acres 

400 
3,000 

450 
1,600 


Acres 

400 
2,900 

430 
2,100 


Acres 

( 3 ) 
2,600 

( 3 ) 
2,000 


1,000 
cwt. 

66 

255 

45 

96 


1,000 
cwt. 

64 
255 

39 
136 


1,000 
cwt. 

( 3 ) 

273 
( 3 ) 

120 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

5.80 
7.10 
4.95 
7.30 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

7.00 
6.10 
6.00 
7.00 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

( 3 ) 




7 80 


Pennsylvania 

Michigan 


( 3 ) 
7.60 


Total or average 


5,450 


5,830 


4,600 


462 


494 


393 


6.75 


6.46 


7.74 


Early fall: 

Virginia 


2,100 
1,600 
400 
1,200 
1,300 


2,800 
1,500 
550 
2,400 
1,300 


2,700 
1,400 
( 3 ) 
2,600 
1,400 


116 
152 
20 
108 
292 


196 

98 

30 

168 

292 


173 

91 

( 3 ) 

156 

378 


7.60 
7.20 
6.20 
5.80 
6.70 


4.80 
4.90 
4.50 
6.90 
8.60 


6.30 
7.60 




( 3 ) 


Texas 

California 


7.00 

7.90 


Total or average 


6,600 


8,550 


8,100 


688 


784 


798 


6.81 


6.67 


7.34 


Late fall: Florida 


7,900 


8,000 


8,300 


1,066 


376 


681 


5.30 


12.10 


9.00 






All groups 


50,500 


54,830 


50,400 


4,939 


4,428 


4,646 


6.31 


7.03 


7.20 


Hawaii 


180 


160 


170 


41 


38 


32 


13.70 


14.50 


14.10 


United States 


50,680 


54,990 


50,570 


4,980 


4,466 


4,678 


6.37 


7.10 


7.25 


FOR PROCESSING 

Ohio 


Acres 
3,700 
2,200 
26,600 
17,200 
10,090 


Acres 
4,000 
2,900 
21,200 
18,700 
9,510 


Acres 
4,800 
2,400 
21,600 
15,000 
6,730 


Tons 
22,500 
9,550 
118,370 
38,000 
58,730 


Tons 

27,320 

13,340 

92,640 

54,040 

46,700 


Tons 

33,890 

14,350 

88,130 

42,750 

42.930 


Dollars 
per ton 
107.00 
86.40 
111.00 
98.50 
82.40 


Dollars 
per ton 
104.00 
81.70 
99.40 
114.00 
82.80 


Dollars 
per ton 
120.00 
93.60 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Other States 4 


101.00 
106.00 
73.20 


Total Northern 


59,790 


56,310 


50,530 


247,150 


234,040 


222,050 


101.00 


99.00 


99.00 


Delaware and Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina 


4,350 
3,900 
33,900 
4,400 
11,500 
25,350 


3,450 
2,600 

32,800 
3,900 
6,600 

26,130 


4,000 
3,500 

28,000 
3,800 
5,600 

24,560 


24,670 
13,070 
83.400 
12,890 
36,570 
68,230 


21,270 
11,800 
75,440 
10,610 
31,810 
59,460 


24,820 
11,340 
71,960 
8,890 
23,240 
55,310 


67.30 
94.40 
92.70 
90.60 
85.00 
87.50 


67.80 
73.40 
101.00 
87.50 
77.60 
8640 


65.70 
70.10 
97.50 
84.80 


Texas 

Other States 5 


75.30 
87.00 


Total Southern 


83,400 


75,480 


69,460 


238,830 


210,390 


195,560 


87.40 


87.80 


85.70 






Colorado 


2,100 
1,700 
5,200 
2,510 


3,300 
1,600 
5,700 
2,430 


2,200 
1,600 
5,200 
2,030 


14,030 
13,260 
59,800 
22,570 


20,100 
12,000 
61,000 
17,110 


14,340 
10,660 
48,880 
16,460 


68.90 
62.40 
84.40 
72.90 


86.00 
77.20 
91.70 
73.80 


82.60 
92.00 


California 

Other States 6 


91.80 
77.30 


Total Western 


11,510 


13,030 


11,030 


109,660 


110,210 


90,340 


77.40 


86.30 


87.70 






United States 


154,700 


144,820 


131,020 


595,640 


554,640 


507,950 


91.20 


92.20 


91.90 








205,380 


199,810 


181,590 


844,640 


777,940 


741,850 


7 102.00 


7 106.00 


7 109.00 







1 Preliminary. 2 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic 

conditions (1,000 hundredweight): 1968- — late spring, South Carolina, 96. 3 Estimates discontinued. 

4 New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Minnesota, Iow r a, Missouri, 
North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, and Nebraska. 5 Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, 

Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. 6 Idaho, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Oregon. 7 Derived 

value per ton. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 250 

1 Preliminary. 

2 Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic condtions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1967 — late summer, New York, 30; 1969 — early spring, Florida, 49. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

4 Tonnage in husk. 

5 Maine, Ohio, Indiana, South Dakota, Virginia, Texas, Wyoming, and Utah. 

6 Derived value per ton. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



EGGPLANT: ESCAROLE 



175 



Table 253. — Eggplant, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
4,700 
4,550 
4,000 
4,800 
4,600 
4,900 
4,850 
4,550 


Cwt. 

99 
111 
110 
104 

92 
101 

99 
125 


1,000 
cwt. 
466 
507 
442 
499 
422 
497 
479 
570 


Dollars 
4.84 
4.27 
5.20 
4.86 
5.56 
6.29 
5.51 
5.24 


1,000 
dollars 
2,242 
2,045 
2,272 
2,372 
2,273 
3,128 
2,641 
2,914 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 3 


Acres 
3,500 
4,100 
3,850 
3,850 
3,550 
3,850 
3,200 
3,700 


Cwt. 
156 
125 
140 
154 
156 
149 
142 
143 


1,000 
cwt. 
547 
513 
539 
591 
553 
575 
453 
529 


Dollars 
5.56 
5.41 
6.25 
5.88 
7.43 
6.54 
10.50 
8.64 


1,000 
dollars 
3,043 
2,775 
3,245 
3,359 
3,953 
3,759 
4,750 
4,570 



1 Includes some quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 3 in 
1954, 28 in 1955, 5 in 1956, 11 in 1957, 13 in 1958, 14 in 1961, 20 in 1964, 20 in 1965, and 21 in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 255. 

Table 254. — Eggplant, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


Season and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 * 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


Winter: Florida 


Acres 
600 


Acres 
500 


Acres 
500 


1,000 
cwt. 
129 


1,000 
cwt. 
92 


1,000 
cwt. 
98 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

6.70 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

12.10 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
10.20 




850 


700 


1,000 


144 


108 


135 


7.60 


11.20 


8.50 






Summer: New Jersey 


1,500 


1,300 


1,400 


180 


169 


196 


5.60 


7.80 


6.90 


Fall: Florida 


900 


700 


800 


122 


84 


100 


6.50 


13.20 


10.70 




3,850 


3,200 


3,700 


575 


453 


529 


6.54 


10.50 


8.64 







1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 255. 



-Escarole, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 x 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
5,200 
5,400 
5,750 
6,750 
6,400 
8,000 
7,850 
8,100 


Cwt. 
138 
139 
128 
115 
118 
126 
129 
126 


1,000 

cwt. 

Ill 

751 

738 

774 

758 

1,010 

1,015 

1,020 


Dollars 
4.06 
4.05 
4.52 
4.61 
5.53 
4.90 
5.12 
5.19 


1,000 
dollars 
2,486 
2,960 
3,284 
3,570 
4,188 
4,466 
4,784 
4,898 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
8,200 
8,700 
8,800 
10,200 
10,450 
9,450 
7,800 
9,500 


Cwt. 
120 
125 
120 
105 
109 
119 
137 
115 


1,000 
cwt. 

980 
1,087 
1,059 
1,067 
1,143 
1,122 
1,066 
1,097 


Dollars 
6.47 
5.34 
6.64 
5.89 
5.80 
6.21 
7.61 
7.46 


1,000 
dollars 
6,339 
5,555 
6,676 
5,976 
6,632 
6,965 
8,107 
8,180 



1 Florida and New Jersey prior to 1959; beginning 1959, includes Ohio. 

2 Excludes 40,000 cwt. not marketed in 1968. Prior to 1967, include the following quantities not marketed 
which were excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 104 in 1954, 21 in 1955, 12 in 1956, 99 in 1959, 
80 in 1960, 76 in 1961, 46 in 1963, 53 in 1964, and 52 in 1965. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 257. 



176 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 256. — Escarole, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Winter: Florida 


Acres 
7,000 


Acres 
5,600 


Acres 
7,300 


1,000 
cwt. 
770 


1,000 
cwt. 
2 756 


1,000 
cwt. 
803 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

5.40 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

7.70 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
7.30 


Summer: 


1,500 

950 


1,200 
1,000 


1,200 
1,000 


248 
104 


210 
100 


204 
90 


8.30 
7.20 


6.60 
9.00 


7 70 


Ohio 


8.30 


Total or average 


2,450 


2,200 


2,200 


352 


310 


294 


7.97 


7.37 


7.88 




9,450 


7,800 


9,500 


1,122 


1,066 


1,097 


6.21 


7.61 


7 46 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1968 — winter, Florida, 40. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 257. — Honeydew melons, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value 
per hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954—69 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value l 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value l 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
13,000 
13,600 
12,700 
9,250 
11,170 
8,860 
9,900 
9,500 


Cwt. 
135 
115 
130 
133 
114 
141 
139 
139 


1,000 
cwt. 
1,756 
1,559 
1,647 
1,227 
1,270 
1,251 
1,379 
1,322 


Dollars 
4.78 
4.74 
4.44 
5.32 
4.66 
5.58 
4.95 
5.64 


1,000 
dollars 
8,385 
7,387 
7,310 
6,523 
5,918 
6,982 
6,827 
7,454 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 2 


Acres 
9,500 
8,150 
9,800 
10,300 
9,100 
11,300 
10,300 
13,800 


Cwt. 
130 
159 
134 
145 
134 
140 
134 
136 


1,000 
cwt. 
1,237 
1,299 
1,312 
1,496 
1,216 
1,577 
1,379 
1,874 


Dollars 
4.63 
5.81 
5.49 
5.62 
6.63 
5.82 
6.75 
5.87 


1,000 
dollars 
5,731 
7,553 
7,206 
8,411 
8,062 
9,186 
9,305 

10,992 



1 F.o.b. basis. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 259. 



Table 258. — Honeydew melons, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 
hundredweight, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


Season and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Spring: 

Texas 

California 


Acres 
2,000 
400 


.4cres 
2,100 
150 


Acres 
3,500 

(2 3) 


1,000 
cwt. 
300 
58 


1,000 
cwt. 
147 
21 


1,000 
cwt. 
262 

(2 3) 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

6.00 

7.80 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

10.00 

8.80 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
7.60 

(St) 


Total or average 


2,400 


2,250 


3,500 


358 


168 


262 


6.29 


9.85 


7.60 


Early summer: Arizona. . . . 


1,300 


750 


1,200 


117 


79 


156 


8.40 


8.00 


4.50 


Late summer: California. . . 


7,600 


7,300 


9,100 


1,102 


1,132 


1,456 


5.40 


6.20 


5.70 




11,300 


10,300 


13,800 


1,577 


1,379 


1,874 


5.82 


6.75 


5.87 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

3 Combined with "Late summer." 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



GARLIC; KALE; LETTUCE 



177 



Table 259. — Garlic, commercial crop : Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 x 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
1,950 
2,500 
2,400 
2,300 
2,900 
3,200 
5,400 
3,600 


Cwt. 
75 
85 
90 
85 
75 
85 
85 
80 


1,000 

cwt. 
146 
212 
216 
196 
218 
272 
459 
288 


Dollars 
11.45 
10.13 
10.43 
9.24 
10.41 
9.47 
8.45 
8.76 


1,000 
dollars 
1,672 
2,147 
2,252 
1,812 
2,269 
2,576 
3,879 
2,523 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 2 


Acres 
2,700 
4,100 
4,400 
4,600 
3,500 
4,400 
6,400 
7,300 


Cwt. 
105 
100 
115 
120 
100 
115 
125 
115 


1,000 
cwt. 
284 
410 
506 
552 
350 
506 
800 
840 


Dollars 
10.79 
9.06 
9.38 
8.40 
8.27 
10.10 
8.99 
8.52 


1,000 
dollars 
3,064 
3,715 
4.746 
4,636 
2,894 
5,120 
7,192 
7,160 



1 California only. Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 261. 

Table 260. — Kale, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 l 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
2,700 
2,700 
2,600 
2,500 
2,200 
2,300 
1,800 
2,000 


Cwt. 
71 
68 
70 
70 
65 
70 
75 
75 


1,000 
cwt. 
192 
184 
182 
175 
143 
161 
135 
150 


Dollars 
3.05 
4.45 
3.85 
4.00 
5.80 
4.00 
5.80 
5.40 


1,000 
dollars 
558 
819 
701 
700 
829 
644 
783 
751 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
1,700 
1,600 
1,400 
1,200 
1,300 
1,100 
1,000 


Cwt. 
65 
50 
60 
70 
60 
65 
70 


1,000 
cwt. 
110 
80 
84 
84 
78 
72 
70 


Dollars 
6.50 
6.29 
6.20 
6.90 
7.47 
8.69 
8.60 


1,000 
dollars 
676 
472 
496 
580 
583 
626 
602 

















1 Virginia only. Includes production for fresh market and processing. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 9 in 1954, 11 in 1961, 6 in 1962, 5 in 1963, and 4 in 1964. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 262. 



Table 261.- 



-Lettuce, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hundred- 
weight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Va 

Per 

cwt. 


lue 2 
Total 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Va] 

Per 

cwt. 


ue 2 
Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 3 

1961 


Acres 
206,420 
210,900 
229,080 
234,050 
225,100 
221,610 
222,590 
218,040 


Cwt. 
151 
156 
156 
147 
153 
159 
174 
175 


1,000 
cwt. 
31,255 
32,937 
35,693 
34,506 
34,349 
35,182 
38,631 
38,054 


Dollars 
4.03 
4.20 
3.76 
4.05 
3.80 
3.94 
4.14 
3.45 


1,000 
dollars 
125,245 
138,465 
132,860 
139,271 
129,107 
134,482 
144,785 
124,994 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
198,020 
214,940 
212,590 
215,220 
217,155 
221,070 
220,965 
227,840 


Cwt. 
190 
183 
184 
190 
194 
193 
200 
195 


1,000 
cwt. 
37,554 
39,255 
39,144 
40,912 
42,130 
42,630 
44,130 
44,457 


Dollars 
4.36 
4.22 
4.40 
4.61 
5.31 
5.00 
4.52 
5.42 


1,000 

dollars 

161,772 

165,042 

172,069 

188,364 

220,257 

213,192 

199,276 

241,041 



1 Excludes the following quantities not marketed (1,000 hundredweight): 124 in 1967, 736 in 1968, and 576 
in 1969. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed which were excluded in computing 
value (1,000 hundredweight): 205 in 1954, 398 in 1956, 130 in 1957, 397 in 1958, 1,047 in 1959, 3,744 in 1960, 
1,857 in 1961, 446 in 1962, 119.6 in 1963, 7.2 in 1964, 46 in 1965, and 673 in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1960, includes Alaska and Hawaii. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 263. 



178 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 262. — Lettuce, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight, by States, 1967-69 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 • 


Winter: 

Florida 

Texas 

Arizona 

California 


Acres 

3,900 

6,500 

16,000 

49,400 


4,000 
3,200 
14,000 
49,000 


Acres 

4,700 

6,000 

16,100 

50,900 


1,000 

cwt. 

351 

715 

2,800 

9,139 


1,000 

cwt. 

360 

400 
2,660 
8,820 


1,000 

cwt. 

414 

840 

3,059 

8,908 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

7.50 
4.95 
3.75 
3.35 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

9.70 
7.10 
5.40 
4.25 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

9.80 
5.70 
6.80 
5.20 


Total or average 


75,800 


70,200 


77,700 


13,005 


12,240 


13,221 


3.64 


4.75 


5.75 


Early spring: 


400 
3,100 
17,100 
20,600 


350 
4,600 
17,800 
22,600 


300 

4,800 

20,000 

17,700 


60 

806 

3,420 

3,502 


2 45 
2 754 
3,115 
5,085 


2 36 
2 720 
3,600 
3,894 


6.10 
6.90 
7.60 
4.75 


4.05 
2.95 
4.95 
3.30 


4 50 




3 60 


Arizona 

California 


6.80 
4.75 


Total or average 


41,200 


45,350 


42,800 


7,788 


8,999 


8,250 


6.23 


3.85 


5.54 


Late spring: 

Massachusetts 

Connecticut 


650 

470 

2,500 


600 

470 

2,600 


550 

370 

2,500 


98 

61 

425 


93 

63 

403 


88 
52 
400 


9.50 
10.70 
9.40 


7.40 
8.20 
3.55 


8.20 
9.70 
3.75 






Total or average 


3,620 


3,670 


3,420 


584 


559 


540 


9.55 


4.72 


5.05 


Summer: 

Maine 

New York 

Ohio 


310 
5,000 
1,000 
1,600 
1,900 
4,800 
2,000 
600 
26,600 


300 
3,750 
1,000 
1,400 
1,700 
5,100 
1,700 
600 
30,200 


( 3 ) 

3,200 
1,000 
1,400 
1,500 
4,400 
1,600 
600 
33,700 


44 

2 854 
135 
384 
380 

2 871 

350 

114 

8,113 


40 

2 618 

135 

238 

357 

918 

306 

90 

9,211 


( 3 ) 

2 544 
125 
280 
300 
902 
288 
108 
9,268 


7.60 
5.30 
13.20 
6.60 
6.30 
3.90 
6.00 
6.80 
6.00 


8.50 
4.90 
13.60 
5.80 
5.30 
3.95 
4.85 
5.20 
4.00 


( 3 ) 
4.45 
15.40 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Colorado 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 


5.80 
4.80 
3.45 
4.90 
5.50 
3.70 


Total or average 


43,850 


45,750 


47,400 


11,245 


11,913 


11,815 


5.92 


4.27 


3.96 


Early fall: 


1,500 

3,000 

4,600 

32,800 


1,400 

3,000 

6,400 

31,000 


1,200 

1,500 

5,100 

35,200 


262 

615 

1,150 

5,576 


252 

450 

1,440 

5,890 


222 

195 

1,071 

6,864 


3.85 
6.10 
5.30 
3.70 


5.90 
6.00 
4.70 
4.65 


5.30 


Texas... 


5.90 
7.40 


California 


5.40 


Total or average 


41,900 


41,800 


43,000 


7,603 


8,032 


8,352 


4.14 


4.77 


5.67 


Late fall: 
Arizona 


14,100 


13,600 


13,100 


2,326 


2,312 


2,227 


5.50 


5.90 


9.80 


All groups 


220,470 


220,370 


227,420 


42,551 


44,055 


44,405 


4.99 


4.50 


5.41 


Alaska 

Hawaii 


60 
540 

221,070 


75 
520 


( 3 ) 
420 


7.5 
71 


9.4 
2 66 


( 3 ) 
52 


13.70 
12.30 


12.50 
12.90 


( 3 ) 
12.60 


United States 


220,965 


227,840 


42,630 


44,130 


44,457 


5.00 


4.52 


5.42 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1967 — summer, New York, 64, and Colorado, 60; 1968 — Hawaii, 1; early spring. North 
Carolina, 15, and New Mexico, 546; 1969 — early spring, North Carolina, 14, and New Mexico, 546; 1969 — 
early spring, North Carolina, 14, and New Mexico, 480; summer, New York, 82. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



ONIONS 



179 



Table 263. — Onions, commercial crop: Acreage, production, shrinkage and loss, and 
value per hundredweight, by States, 1967-69 a 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Shrinkage and 


loss 3 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Early spring: Texas. . . 


Acres 
23,000 


Acres 
21,500 


Acres 
21,000 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,795 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,472 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,045 


1,000 
cwt. 


1,000 
cwt. 


1,000 
cwt. 


Dollars 
per 
cwt. 
4.05 


Dollars 
per 
cwt. 
6.85 


Dollars 
per 
cwt. 
3 25 










Late spring: 
Texas 


500 
2,800 
5,600 


200 
3,100 
6,000 



2,000 
5,900 


35 
1,036 
1,596 


10 

992 

1,740 




750 

1,652 








3.65 
3.04 
3.30 


4.10 
3.36 
4.60 













3 15 










4 05 












Total or average . . 


8,900 


9,300 


7,900 


2,667 


2,742 


2,402 








3.21 


4.15 


3 77 










Early summer: 

New Jersey 


2,300 

500 

5,000 

4,000 

600 


2,400 

500 

8,000 

4,100 

500 


2,100 

( 4 ) 
6,500 
3,400 

550 


414 

80 

1,150 

5 1,200 

219 


432 

82 

1,400 

1,230 

200 


368 
( 4 ) 
1,430 
935 
209 








4.40 
3.75 
4.39 
3.15 
3.35 


4.10 
3.25 
4.69 
4.00 
3.75 


5 22 








( 4 ) 


Texas . 








4.59 










3 50 










4.38 














12,400 


15,500 


12,550 


3,063 


3,344 


2,942 








3.81 


4.27 


4.31 












Late summer: 

New York 

Ohio 


14,000 

600 

800 

7,000 

1,900 

1,100 

300 

6,000 

600 

1,000 

2,100 

3,700 

3,400 

7,100 
16,000 


13,400 

600 

900 

6,900 

1,800 

1,000 

320 

6,100 

750 

1,200 

2,100 

4,700 

4,100 

8,800 
16,300 


13,200 

500 
1,000 
6,700 
1,700 

950 

( 4 ) 
5,000 

900 
1,100 
2,200 
4,400 
3,700 

8,100 
17,600 


4,200 
261 
280 

2,240 

513 

286 

72 

1,650 
210 
370 
672 

1,536 

1,377 

2,913 
5,360 


3,752 
240 
279 

2,242 

450 

265 

69 

1,769 
218 
480 
882 

2,374 

1,968 

4,342 

5,298 


3,828 
150 
275 

2,010 
340 
256 
( 4 ) 

1,525 
270 
468 
880 

2,134 

1,684 

3,818 
5,808 


500 
26 
22 

390 

100 
60 
6 

330 
20 
80 
67 


452 
23 
32 

432 
65 

101 
26 

389 
38 

150 

272 


459 
15 
33 

342 
65 
64 

305 

38 
117 
158 


4.36 
5.00 
4.63 
4.55 
4.53 
4.95 
4.70 
4.30 
4.15 
4.95 
6.00 
5,34 
5.31 

5.32 
2.60 


3.32 
4.10 
3.17 
3.25 
2.96 
2.90 
3.50 
3.80 
2.30 
3.15 
1.70 
2.53 
2.52 

2.53 
2.64 


3.95 
5.30 




3.69 




3.75 




3.48 




3 45 


Iowa 


( 4 ) 
4.50 


Utah . 


3 95 


Washington 

West em Oregon .... 


4.91 
3.30 

4.86 










4.93 


Idaho and Eastern 
Oregon (total). 


456 
153 


975 

198 


704 
174 


4.89 
2.81 






Total or average . . 


58,500 


60,170 


58,950 


19,027 


20,286 


19,628 


2,210 


3,153 


2,474 


4.06 


2.92 


3.75 




102,800 


106,470 


100,400 


28,552 


28,884 


28,017 








3.95 


3.60 


3.76 














80 


50 


( 4 ) 


10 


5 


( 4 ) 








9.30 


12.00 


( 4 ) 












United States .... 


102,880 


106,520 


100,400 


28,562 


28,849 


28,017 


2,210 


3,153 


2,474 


3.95 


3.60 


3.76 



1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Late summer storage crop only. 
* Estimated discontinued. 

5 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1967 — early summer, New Mexico, 257. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



180 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 264. — Onions, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, shrinkage and loss, 
value per hundredweight, total value, stocks, and foreign trade, United States, 
1954-70 x 





Stocks in storage Jan. 1 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 

per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Shrink- 
age and 


Value- 4 


Foreign trade, 

year beginning 

July 


Year 


In com- 
mon 
stor- 
age 2 


In cold 
storage 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 5 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


1,000 
cwt. 
5,737 
4,535 
3,898 
4,294 
4,051 
3,852 
4,891 
4,883 
4,125 
4,668 
4,369 
4,553 
5,544 
4,079 
4,591 
5,237 
4,091 


1,000 
cwt. 
589 
516 
565 
341 
406 
512 
424 
409 
262 
359 
274 
291 
250 
206 
202 
214 
163 


1,000 
cwt. 
6,326 
5,051 
4,463 
4,635 
4,457 
4,364 
5,315 
5,292 
4,387 
5,027 
4,643 
4,844 
5,794 
4,285 
4,793 
5,451 
4,254 


Acres 

116,060 

114,130 

123,750 

110,410 

107,000 

113,530 

102,580 

91,340 

96,330 

95,650 

99,660 

97,270 

93,880 

102,880 

106,520 

100,400 


Cwt: 

191 
187 
197 
221 
222 
226 
258 
258 
268 
270 
260 
289 
264 
278 
271 
279 


1,000 
cwt. 
22,174 
21,388 
24,426 
24,364 
23,784 
25,609 
26,457 
23,600 
25,789 
25,781 
25,959 
28,080 
24,751 
28,562 
28,849 
28,017 


1,000 

cwt. 



3^329 
2,976 
2,219 
2,731 
2,393 
2,375 
3,828 
2,247 
2,210 
3,153 
2,474 


Dollars 
2.26 
2.49 
2.88 
2.99 
3.51 
2.53 
2.44 
4.05 
2.85 
3.51 
2.86 
3.21 
4.77 
3.95 
3.60 
3.76 


1,000 
dollars 
49,909 
53,247 
67,382 
71,688 
81,540 
54.756 
56,367 
86,365 
65,794 
82,197 
65,540 
77,955 
107,422 
104,017 
92,618 
95,986 


1,000 
cwt. 
1,630 
1,546 
1,784 
1,467 
1,505 
1,364 
1,190 

865 
1,431 

969 
1,105 
1,138 
1,675 
1,318 
1,193 


1,000 
cwt. 
179 
236 
278 
577 
558 
314 
437 
757 
390 
515 
433 
552 
567 


1967 

1968 


921 

514 


1969 6 




1970 6 

























1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Grower and local dealer stocks. 

3 Excludes 257,000 cwt. not marketed in 1967. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not marketed 
which were excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 98 in 1954, 1,006 in 1956, 384 in 1957, 563 
in 1958, 573 in 1959, 380 in 1960, 35 in 1961, and 644 in 1964. 

4 F.o.b. basis. 

5 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 266. Foreign trade 
data from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 265. — Peas, green, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 3 




Per 
cwt. 


Total 


Per 
ton 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 . . . 


Acres 
13,730 
11,760 
9,850 
7,900 
8,600 
7,350 
6,650 
6,100 
5,300 
4,750 
4,550 
3,100 
2,000 
1,800 
2,000 


Cwt. 4 
30 
37 
34 
39 
28 
37 
37 
40 
43 
39 
45 
39 
35 
38 
30 


1,000 

cwtJ 

417 

434 

333 

310 

243 

273 

244 

244 

229 

183 

203 

120 

70 

68 

59 


Dollars 

8.17 

8.11 

8.89 

9.35 

8.08 

10.17 

9.30 

9.56 

10.44 

10.78 

10.05 

11.15 

13.31 

12.60 

15.00 


1,000 

dollars 

3,407 

3,478 

2,959 

2,898 

1,923 

2,777 

2,269 

2,333 

2,390 

1,972 

2,041 

1,338 

932 

854 

884 


Acres 
427,020 
435,200 
474,020 
454,510 
378,400 
346,730 
345,990 
401,480 
407,090 
422,170 
417,410 
441,630 
434,080 
458,220 
452,090 
407,650 


Pounds 5 
1,876 
2,095 
2,301 
2,454 
2,568 
2,730 
2,575 
2,543 
2,587 
2,447 
2,313 
2,726 
2,346 
2,580 
2,570 
2,570 


Tons* 
400,470 
455,910 
545.360 
557,680 
485,810 
473,200 
445,390 
510,510 
526,640 
516,560 
482,700 
601,910 
509,100 
590,550 
581,720 
524,710 


Dollars 
92.20 
89.30 
92.50 
89.50 
88.30 
87.89 
86.02 
86.16 
84.88 
85.36 
96.89 
99.79 
104.54 
109.00 
107.00 
106.00 


1,000 
dollars 
36,941 
40,712 
50,428 
49,918 
42,900 
41,591 
38,311 


1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


43,984 
44,700 
44,092 
46,767 
60,062 
53,223 


1967 


64,274 


1968 

1969 6 


62,270 
55,746 

















1 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight) : 5 in 1955 and 5 in 1958. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

4 In the shell. 

5 Shelled basis; 2H pounds of peas in the shell produce approximately 1 pound of shelled peas. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 267. 



PEAS; PEPPERS 



181 



Table 266. — Peas, green, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

3 Shelled basis; 2 pounds of peas in the shell produce approximately 1 pound of shelled peas. 

4 Maine, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina. 

5 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, and Tennessee. 

6 Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah. 

7 Derived value per ton on shelled basis. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


FOR FRESH MARKET 

Early spring: California. . . . 


Acres 
1,200 


Acres 
1,400 


Acres 
( 2 ) 


1,000 
cwt. 
48 


1,000 
cwt. 
41 


1,000 
cwt. 
( 2 ) 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

12.70 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

14.80 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

( 2 ) 


Early fall: California 


600 


600 


( 2 ) 


20 


18 


( 2 ) 


12.20 


15.40 


( 2 ) 




1,800 


2,000 




68 


59 




12.60 


15.00 












FOR PROCESSING 

Delaware 


Acres 
9,400 
7,800 

25,410 


Acres 
7,300 
10,500 
29,010 


Acres 
5,600 
8,700 

22,720 


Tons* 
12,740 
12,250 
35,580 


Tons 3 
11,750 
15,750 
44,280 


Tons 3 
7,280 
13,310 
31,710 


Dollars 
per ton 
126.00 
103.00 
115.00 


Dollars 
per ton 
102.00 
125.00 
109.00 


Dollars 
per ton 
106.00 
114.00 


Other States 4 


107.00 




42,610 


46,810 


37,020 


60,570 


71,780 


52,300 


115.00 


111.00 


109.00 








125,500 
72,800 
40,650 


130,400 
65,000 
38,080 


113,800 
63,200 
33,610 


155,600 
78,620 
57,530 


156,480 
80,280 
62,180 


134,280 
69,520 
46,720 


106.00 
119.00 
116.00 


100.00 
115.00 
113.00 


104.00 


Minnestoa 

Other States 5 


118.00 
116.00 


Total Central 


238,950 


233,480 


210,610 


291,750 


298,940 


250,520 


111.00 


107.00 


110.00 






Idaho 

Washington 

Oregon 


14,700 
93,000 
55,600 
9,200 
4,160 


16,500 
90,100 
48,400 
11,900 
4,900 


15,100 
85,200 
47,300 
7,900 
4,520 


17,790 

146,000 

51,700 

15,800 

6,940 


18,980 

127,940 

36,060 

19,750 

8,270 


15,860 

127,370 

57,940 

13,980 

6,740 


104.00 
103.00 
106.00 
110.00 
104.00 


93.90 
104.00 
108.00 
127.00 
107.00 


90.90 
101.00 
101.00 
114.00 


Other States 6 


104.00 


Total Western 


176,660 


171,800 


160,020 


238,230 


211,000 


221,890 


104.00 


106.00 


101.00 




458,220 


452,090 


407,650 


590,550 


581,720 


524,710 


109.00 


107.00 


106.00 








460,020 


454,090 


407,650 


591,910 


582,900 


524,710 


7 110.00 


7 108.00 


7 106.00 







Table 267.- 



-Peppers, green, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 * 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 4 

1961 


Acres 
47,950 
45,140 
40,540 
44,930 
40,640 
46,520 
45,880 
47,230 


Cwt. 
61 
72 
75 
72 
71 
71 
79 
84 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,902 
3,240 
3,044 
3,240 
2,881 
3,308 
3,633 
3,989 


Dollars 
7.45 
7.19 
8.20 
8.93 
9.22 
9.06 
7.97 
7.76 


1,000 

dollars 

21,193 

22,364 

24,965 

28,938 

26,146 

29,973 

28,488 

30,514 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


Acres 
43,280 
44,110 
43,050 
45,550 
48,660 
47,280 
52,630 
52,850 


Cwt. 
86 
90 
90 
88 
84 
92 
94 
89 


1,000 
cwt. 
3,715 
3,985 
3,891 
3,989 
4,101 
4,351 
4,933 
4,678 


Dollars 
8.67 
7.83 
9.74 
9.81 
10.24 
10.60 
10.50 
11.00 


1,000 
dollars 
32,223 
31,193 
37,715 
38,206 
41,364 
46,101 
51,712 
51,441 



1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 59 in 1954, 130 in 1955, 44 in 1958, 59 in 1960, 55 in 1961, 17 in 1964, 96 in 1965, and 62 in 1966. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 269. 



182 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 268. — Peppers, green, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 
hundredweight, by States, 1967-69 x 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Winter: Florida 


Acres 
7,100 


Acres 
6,900 


,4cres 
6,500 


1,000 

cwt. 
746 


1,000 
cwt. 
828 


1,000 
cwt. 
618 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

11.50 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

12.50 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
14.70 


Spring: 
Florida 


7,000 
1,300 


6,900 
1,100 


7,800 
1,800 


700 
150 


724 

77 


780 
126 


13.70 
13.90 


15.00 
12.80 


12 00 


Texas 


15.50 


Total or average 


8,300 


8,000 


9,600 


850 


801 


906 


13.70 


14.80 


12.50 


Early summer: 


.7,000 
1,100 


7,400 
1,200 


7,700 
1,100 


280 
66 


274 
60 


270 
55 


10.00 
10.10 


10.10 
10.40 


10 80 


Louisiana 


11.60 


Total or average 


8,100 


8,600 


8,800 


346 


334 


325 


10.00 


10.20 


10.90 


Late summer: 

Massachusetts 


500 

120 

500 

800 

7,700 

1,400 

1,200 

6,400 


550 

120 

500 

800 

7,500 

1,500 

1,300 

8,000 


550 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

700 
8,000 
1,300 
1,600 
8,500 


40 

9 

25 

56 

462 

112 

84 

1,056 


50 

10 

38 

48 

450 

112 

98 

1,440 


47 

( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

42 

440 

98 

120 

1,445 


10.40 
10.80 
10.00 
9.20 
8.00 
8.30 
9.25 
8.08 


11.50 
11.10 
12.40 
12.20 
8.99 
9.20 
9.49 
7.41 


13.40 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
12 40 


Connecticut 




8.46 


Ohio 

Michigan 

California 


11.70 
11.60 
8.07 


Total or average 


18,620 


20,270 


20,650 


1,844 


2,246 


2,192 


8.25 


8.20 


8.71 


Fall: 

Virginia 

Florida 

Texas 


1,500 
2,400 
1,200 


1,600 
2,400 
4,800 


1,100 
2,000 
4,200 


87 
288 
180 


66 
192 
456 


38 
200 
399 


6.36 
15.90 
10.40 


6.76 
13.40 
9.80 


7.00 
15.00 
12.80 


Total or average 


5,100 


8,800 


7,300 


555 


714 


637 


12.60 


10.50 


13.10 




47,220 


52,570 


52,850 


4,341 


4,923 


4,678 


10.60 


10.50 


11.00 






Hawaii 


60 


60 


( 3 ) 


10 


10 


( 3 ) 


18.80 


22.20 


( 3 ) 




47,280 


52,630 


52,850 


4,351 


4,933 


4,678 


10.60 


10.50 


11.00 







See footnotes on page 184. 

Table 269. — Potatoes: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States, 1954-69 





Acreage 
planted 


Acreage 
harvested 


Yield 
per har- 
vested 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

cwt. 

received 

by 
farmers 2 


Farm 
value 


Whole- 
sale 
price per 
cwt. at 
New 
York 3 


Foreign trade, year 
beginning July 


Year 


Domestic 

exports 


Imports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion 


195 4. . . 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 
1,211 
1,413 
1,405 
1,371 
1,359 
1,428 
1,200 
1,331 
1,386 
1,480 
1,347 
1,323 
1,174 
1,272 
1,384 
1,464 
1,457 
1,378 
1,404 


Cwt. 
168.5 
155.4 
162.1 
179.3 
178.4 
186.9 
187 
184 
185 
198 
197 
205 
189 
190 
210 
210 
210 
214 
219 


1,000 
cwt. 
204,113 
219,547 
227,696 
245,792 
242,522 
266,897 
224,140 
245,272 
257,104 
293,166 
264,810 
271,158 
221,874 
241,076 
291,169 
306,902 
305,334 
294,192 
307,229 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
cwt. 


1,000 
cwt. 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


1,431 
1,452 
1,392 
1,404 
1,461 


2.15 
1.77 
2.02 
1.91 
1.31 


474,705 
405,439 
493,014 
467,865 
349,674 


3.20 
2.99 
2.61 
3.42 
2.32 


4,274 
3,755 
3,153 
2,555 
3,063 


1,068 
2,366 
1,582 
3,205 
991 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 . . 


1,354 
1,400 
1,511 
1,378 
1,337 


2.27 
2.00 
1.36 

1.67 
1.78 


555,889 
513,426 
399,653 
441,063 
482,554 


3.52 
2.58 
2.34 
2.52 
3.36 


4,028 
2,307 
2,347 
3,359 
1,699 


595 

715 
871 
912 


1963 .... 


298 


1964 




1964 

1965.... 


1,311 
1,419 
1,497 
1,497 
1,410 
1,448 


3.50 
2.52 
2.04 
1.86 
2.23 
2.13 


846,016 
730,750 
619,784 
565,793 
652,729 
616,320 


4.91 
3.52 
3.17 
2.63 
3.17 


1,617 

2,855 
2,247 
3,592 
2,569 


348 
113 


1966.... 


274 


1967 

1968 


128 
264 


1969 4 













See footnotes on page 184. 



POTATOES 



183 



Table 270. — Potatoes: Acreage, production, and season average price per hundred- 
weight received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 





Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


Winter: 
Florida. 


1,000 
acres 
11.9 
12.7 


1,000 
acres 
11.4 
10.5 


1,000 
acres 
11.0 

8.8 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,142 
5,752 


1.000 
cwt. 
1,995 
1,890 


1,000 
cwt. 
1,980 
1,848 


Dollars 
3.90 
2.81 


Dollars 
3.90 
2.49 


Dollars 
3.80 
2.93 






Total 


24.7 


21.9 


19.8 


4,894 


3,885 


3,828 
















Early spring: 
Florida: 


21.6 
2.6 
3.8 


27.4 
3.1 
2.6 


26.3 
3.1 
3.1 


2,376 
260 
304 


4,384 
388 
247 


4,866 
418 
403 


3.15 
3.35 

4.29 


3.16 
3.50 
5.64 


2.80 


Other 

Texas 


3.20 
4.12 






Total 


28.0 


33.1 


32.5 


2,940 


5,019 


5,687 
















Late spring: 
North Carolina: 

8 N. E. counties 

Other counties 


10.0 
2.3 
1.4 

13.4 
3.0 
2.3 
2.8 
.6 
6.3 

10.9 

49.8 


9.5 

2.2 

.5 

10.5 

2.5 

1.8 

2.2 

.5 

5.0 

10.1 

38.6 


9.0 
9.2 

( 2 ) 

10.0 
2.5 
1.8 
3.0 

( 2 ) 
5.0 

12.8 

43.6 


1,500 

276 

175 

3 1,742 

270 

184 

179 

39 

630 

2,725 

15,936 


1,425 

264 

40 

1,365 

188 

126 

145 

30 

525 

2,323 

14,089 


1,305 
264 

( 2 ) 

1,120 
200 
126 
225 

( 2 ) 
500 

2,944 
14,606 


2.42 
2.58 
2.15 
2.35 
3.25 
3.00 
2.25 
4.25 
3.29 
2.53 
2.08 


3.39 
2.88 
4.00 
2.58 
3.80 
3.40 
2.70 
4.05 
4.41 
3.15 
2.99 


2.46 
2.60 

( 2 ) 


Alabama 


2.92 
3.50 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 


3.50 
1.85 

( 2 ) 


Texas 

Arizona 


4.17 
2.90 
2.41 






Total 


102.8 


83.4 


89.9 


23,656 


20,520 


21,290 
















Early summer: 

Missouri 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia: 


2.6 
1.5 
8.5 
1.9 

26.8 
2.8 
2.0 
3.8 
4.6 
6.0 

19.4 
7.4 


2.0 
1.3 
8.1 
1.9 

27.6 
2.5 
1.8 
3.0 
3.7 
8.0 

19.0 
6.4 


1.0 
1.2 
8.0 
1.8 

28.4 
2.3 
2.0 
2.7 
3.8 
9.0 

19.1 
5.5 


286 

128 

1,700 

304 

3,698 
252 
220 
266 
368 
810 
3,395 
2,553 


240 

124 

1,539 

323 

4,002 
250 
171 
195 
314 
984 
3,610 
2,240 


110 
108 

1,680 

288 

3,607 

230 

230 

197 

353 

1,170 

3,534 

1,980 


2.50 
3.30 
2.04 
2.24 

3.21 
3.58 
2.93 
3.70 
3.38 
2.95 
3.40 
2.02 


2.50 
3.00 
2.15 
2.16 

2.53 
2.41 
3.00 
3.30 
3.60 
3.05 
3.00 
2.52 


2.75 
2.80 
2.20 
2.10 

2.54 


Other 


2.58 




3 26 


Kentucky 

Alabama 

Texas 


3.70 
3.85 
2.53 
3.32 


California 


2.04 


Total 


87.3 


85.3 


84.8 


13,980 


13,992 


13,487 
















Late summer: 
New York, L. I 


6.9 

16.0 

3.5 

1.1 

2.5 

10.9 

17.5 

7.2 

2.9 

2.6 

.8 

1.2 

5.3 

1.0 

12.8 

3.1 

21.0 

9.6 


6.5 

14.0 

3.4 

1.0 

2.3 

11.1 

15.5 

7.4 

3.2 

2.5 

.7 

1.0 

5.2 

.9 

13.5 

4.3 

22.5 

8.6 


7.0 
13.0 

3.2 
.9 

2.4 
10.8 
16.0 

7.9 

2.5 

2.2 
.7 
.9 

4.9 

1.0 
13.1 

2.9 
20.7 

7.7 


1,518 

4,160 

612 

209 

412 

1,853 

3,850 

1,728 

493 

429 

112 

96 

355 

120 

2,368 

620 

6,825 

2,880 


1,658 

3,570 

646 

155 

414 

1,942 

3,255 

1,739 

576 

400 

91 

80 

390 

145 

3,038 

774 

7,988 

3,010 


1,820 

3,250 

640 

171 

456 

2,052 

3,520 

1,975 

462 

352 

98 

81 

368 

126 

2,948 

478 

7,866 

2,618 


1.83 
1.98 
2.58 
2.94 
3.00 
2.37 
1.99 
2.14 
2.20 
1.50 
1.78 
3.15 
2.50 
2.68 
2.03 
2.48 
1.78 
2.31 


1.80 
2.19 
2.08 
3.11 
2.65 
2.28 
1.95 
2.10 
2.30 
2.08 
2.58 
3.00 
2.65 
2.95 
1.92 
2.40 
1.59 
2.17 


2.02 
2.43 


Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Nebraska 

Maryland 


2.55 
3.48 
2.40 
2.74 
2.35 
2.40 
2.65 
2.39 
2.21 
3.10 




2 75 




3 17 


Colorado 


2.09 
2 40 


Washington 


1.68 
2 30 






Total 


125.9 


123.6 


117.8 


28,640 


29,852 


29,300 

















See footnotes at end of table. 



184 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 270. — Potatoes: Acreage, production, and season average price per hundred- 
weight received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 



Season and State 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price for crop 


5f— 




1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Fall: 
Maine 


1,000 

acres 

158.0 
1.2 
1.6 
6.4 
6.0 
6.3 

31.6 
36.0 
38.0 


1,000 
acres 
155.0 
1.0 
1.5 
5.6 
5.6 
5.7 

27.7 
35.5 

37.0 


1,000 

acres 

156.0 

.9 

1.3 

5.0 

5.2 

5.4 

26.2 
35.5 
35.5 


1,000 

cwt. 

37,604 

252 

288 

1,216 

1,140 

1,354 

7,426 

8,820 
9,120 


1,000 

cwt. 

36,425 

230 

285 

1,036 

1,260 

1,254 

7,340 
8,342 
7,585 


1,000 

cwt. 

35,100 

176 

254 

950 

1,326 

1,215 

6,812 
8,342 
7,810 


Dollars 
1.36 
2.35 
2.50 
2.15 
2.36 
1.85 

1.48 
2.29 
2.23 


Dollars 
1.85 
2.70 
2.80 
2.40 
2.35 
2.40 

2.00 
2.71 
2.60 


Dollars 
1.60 
2.60 


Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


2.70 
2.30 
2 50 


Connecticut 

New York: 


2.40 
2.00 




2.70 


Pennsylvania 


2.70 




285.1 


274.6 


271.0 


67,220 


63,757 


61,985 
















Ohio 


12.3 

6.5 

33.0 

39.5 

98.0 

120.0 

5.9 

7.8 


12.3 

5.8 

29.0 

38.5 

87.0 

108.0 

5.4 

7.0 


11.0 

5.7 

28.7 

37.0 

90.0 

110.0 

5.1 

6.9 


2,522 
1,950 
7,095 
9,401 
11,760 
14,280 
590 
1,794 


2,583 

1,363 

6,525 

8,855 

12,180 

15,660 

621 

1,820 


1,925 
1,396 
6,744 
8,880 
13,500 
15,400 
561 
1,794 


2.08 
2.17 
1.87 
2.06 
1.41 
1.34 
1.79 
1.26 


2.23 
2.34 
2.20 
2.91 
1.56 
1.35 
1.74 
1.14 


2.30 




2.60 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


2.40 
2.60 

1.40 
1.30 




2.10 




1.20 






8 Central 


323.0 


293.0 


294.4 


49,392 


49,607 


50,200 


















8.4 

31.0 

273.0 

3.4 

33.6 

7.7 

.7 

43.0 

20.5 
28.5 
30.7 


8.1 

29.0 

265.0 

3.8 

34.5 

6.7 

.5 

41.5 

16.5 
30.0 
27.1 


7.5 

30.0 

280.0 

3.4 

37.0 

7.4 
( 2 ) 
51.0 

15.0 
34.0 
28.3 


1,512 

9,300 

54,600 

578 

9,240 

1,463 

192 

15,265 

5,842 
7,410 

9,210 


1,498 

7,830 

51,675 

608 

8,280 

1,072 

138 

16,185 

4,208 
7,800 
8,266 


1,388 

9,600 
57,400 
578 
8,695 
1,332 
C-) 

21,420 

4,275 

8,840 
7,924 


2.59 

1.31 
1.66 
1.40 
1.74 
2.06 
2.10 
1.44 

1.82 
1.69 
2.52 


3.95 

1.60 
2.46 
1.35 
1.57 
2.73 
3.00 
1.71 

1.50 
2.20 
2.97 


3.10 


Idaho: 

10 S.W. counties 

Other counties 


1.70 
1.80 
2.00 




1.70 


Utah 


2.30 


Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon: 

Malheur County 

Other counties 


( 2 ) 
1.40 

1.70 
2.10 
2.60 








480.5 


462.7 


493.6 


114,612 


107,560 


121,452 















Total fall 


1,088.6 


1,030.3 


1,059.0 


231,224 


220,924 


233,637 

















United States 


1,457.3 


1,377.6 


1,408.8 


305,334 


294,192 


307,229 


1.86 


2.23 


2.13 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Discontinued. 

3 Excludes the following quantity not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 hun- 
dredweight): 1967— Alabama, 78. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 268 

1 Mostly for fresh market use, but includes some quantities used for processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 



Statistical Reporting Service. 



FOOTXOTES FOR TABLE 269 

1 Excludes 78,000 cwt. not marketed in 1967. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities unharvested 
and or not marketed and which were excluded in computing price and value (1,000 hundredweight): 1,147 in 
1955. 534 in 1957, 934 in 1958, 248 in 1959, 48 in 1961, 333 in 1963, and 925 in 1966. 

2 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

3 Prices are of eastern potatoes weighted by unloads, seasons September-May. Price data are for Maine and 
Long Island potatoes only. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 
Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 271. 



POTATOES 185 

Table 271. — Potatoes: Acreage, yield, and production in specified countries, 1967-69 * 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


North America: 


1,000 

acres 
304 
130 
1,458 


1,000 
acres 
303 
99 
1,378 


1,000 

acres 

306 

119 

1,404 


Cwt. 
154 
64 
209 


Cwt. 
175 
89 
213 


Cwt. 
164 
107 
219 


Million 

cwt. 

46.7 

8.3 

305.4 


Million 

cwt. 

52.9 

8.8 

294.2 


Million 
cwt. 
50.2 


Mexico 


12.7 
307.2 






Total 


1,892 


1,780 


1,829 


190 


200 


202 


360.4 


355.9 


370.1 






South America: 
Argentina 


403 
536 
43 


494 
561 
44 


502 
400 
44 


98 
60 

77 


88 
63 
80 


103 

72 
73 


39.6 

32.3 

3.3 


43.4 

35.4 

3.5 


51.6 

28.7 


Venezuela 


3.2 


Total 


982 


1,099 


946 


77 


75 


88 


75.2 


82.3 


83.5 


Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxembourg. 


331 
153 

91 
180 
1,245 
1,747 
126 
159 
838 
341 

99 
289 
941 
126 

94 
708 


321 
143 

86 
158 
1,134 
1,629 
116 
146 
788 
363 

86 
259 
927 
136 

90 
692 


279 
131 

82 
166 
1,023 
1,455 
119 
136 
791 
358 

79 
235 
954 
121 

84 
615 


203 

280 
208 
108 
184 
269 
126 
243 
105 
313 
180 
99 
98 
228 
307 
224 


239 

250 
221 
127 
195 
260 
118 
245 
111 
306 
234 
92 
105 
231 
311 
218 


232 
257 
160 
130 
190 
242 
124 
240 
107 
284 
215 
101 
109 
155 
318 
221 


67.2 
42.8 
18.9 
19.4 

229.1 

469.4 
15.9 
38.6 
88.4 

106.7 
17.8 
28.7 
92.5 
28.7 
28.9 

158.8 


76.6 
35.8 
19.0 
20.0 

221.2 

423.2 
13.7 
35.8 
87.3 

111.2 
20.1 
23.9 
97.7 
31.4 
28.0 

151.2 


64.8 
33.7 
13.1 




21.5 




194.2 




352.4 




14.8 




32.7 


Italy 


84.8 




101.6 




17.0 




23.8 




104.0 




18.7 




26.7 


United Kingdom 


135.8 


Total Western Europe.. 


7,468 


7,074 


6,628 


194 


197 


187 


1,451.8 


1,396.1 


1,239.6 


Poland 


6,827 

815 

20,586 

3,967 


6,788 

820 

20,512 

3,806 


6,795 

791 

20,509 

3,541 


157 
76 
92 

137 


165 
78 
99 

142 


147 
88 
89 

113 


1,071.9 

61.7 

1,894.1 

543.2 


1,120.3 

63.7 

2,027.5 

541.6 


1,000.9 


Yugoslavia 

U.S.S.R 


69.3 

1,818.8 

400.8 




39,663 


39,000 


38,264 


127 


132 


118 


5,022.7 


5,149.2 


4,529.4 






Asia: 


452 


442 


413 


177 


193 


182 


80.1 


85.3 


75.0 








42,989 


42,321 


41,452 


129 


134 


122 


5,538.4 


5,672.7 


5,058.0 







1 Years shown refer to year of harvest in the Northern Hemisphere and include the harvest immediately 
following in the Southern Hemisphere. 

2 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



186 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 272. — Potatoes: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United States, 

1959-68 





Production J 


Total 

used for 

seed 2 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Year 


Used on farms where grown 






For seed 


Feed, 

shrinkage, 

and loss 


For 

household 

use 


Sold from 
farms 3 


1959 

1960 

1961 


1,000 cwt. 
245,272 
257,104 
293,166 
264,810 
271,158 
241,076 
291,169 
306,902 
305,334 
294,192 


1,000 cwt. 
20,603 
22,310 
20,837 
20,084 
19,984 
21,566 
23,432 
24,286 
23,273 
24,182 


1,000 cwt. 
7,093 
7,560 
7,191 
5.955 
5,911 
7,363 
6,510 
8,113 
7,427 
6,905 


1,000 cwt. 
15.755 
15,911 
20,879 
16,967 
16,600 
12,205 
19,612 
31,384 
25,282 
20.933 


1,000 cwt. 
5,913 
5,310 
4,773 
3,955 
3,400 
2,776 
2,597 
2,378 
2,289 
2,137 


1,000 cwt. 
216,511 
228,323 
260,323 


1962 

1963 

1964 


237,933 
245,247 
218,732 


1965 

1966 


262,450 
265 027 


1967 

1968 4 


270,336 
264,217 









1 Excludes 78,000 cwt. not marketed in 1967. Prior to 1967, included the following quantities not harvested 
or not marketed because of low prices (1,000 hundredweight): 248 in 1959, 48 in 1961, 333 in 1963, and 925 in 
1966. 

2 Includes seed purchased and seed used on farms where grown. 

3 Consists of potatoes sold for all purposes including food, seed, processing, and livestock feed. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 274. 



Table 273. — Potatoes: Utilization, United States, crop years 1964-68 



Item 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 « 


SALES 

Table stock 


1,000 cwt. 
129,513 

28,783 
10,801 
20,494 
3,160 
1,727 
1,474 
2.990 

5,587 
14,203 


1,000 cwt. 
139,542 

31,292 
20,166 
32,263 
5,039 
1,728 
1,620 
8,081 

5,797 
16,922 


1,000 cwt. 
133,856 

32,729 
19,811 
34,029 
5,602 
1,961 
1,425 
11,001 

8,440 
16,173 


1,000 cwt. 
131,184 

32,406 

19,084 

34,601 

5,008 

1,821 

1,537 

12,049 

16,800 
15,846 


1,000 cwt. 
125,277 


For processing: 


34,123 


Dehydration 


22,761 
37,794 




6,768 




2,192 


Other canned products (bash, stews, soups) 


1,849 
7,299 


Other sales: 


8,877 


Seed 


17,277 


Total 


218,732 


262,450 


265.027 


270.336 


264,217 


NON-SALES 

Seed used on farm where grown 


7,363 

2,776 

1,871 

10,334 


6,510 
2,597 
2,179 
17,433 


8,113 

2,378 

2,930 

28,454 


7,427 

2,289 

2,781 

22,501 


6,905 
2,137 


Feed 


2,074 
18,859 






Total .- 


22,344 


28,719 


41,875 


34,998 


29,975 




241,076 


291,169 


306,902 


305,334 


294,192 







1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



POTATOES 



187 



Table 274. — Potatoes: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by seasonal 
groups* crop of 1968 (preliminary) 





Production 


Total used 
for seed l 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Season and State 


For seed 


Feed, 
shrinkage, 
and loss 


For 

household 

use 


Sold 
from 
farms 2 


Winter: 
Florida 


1,000 cwt. 

1,995 
1,890 


1,000 cwt. 

317 
150 


1,000 cwt. 





1,000 cwt. 

7 
85 


1,000 cwt. 

1 
1 


1,000 cwt. 
1,987 




1,804 






Total 


3,885 


467 





92 


2 


3,791 






Early spring: 
Florida: 


4,384 
388 
247 


534 
54 

50 







20 
2 
2 


1 
2 



4,363 
384 


Other 


Texas 


245 






Total 


5,019 


638 





24 


3 


4,992 






Late spring: 
North Carolina: 


1,425 

264 

40 

1,365 

188 

126 

145 

30 

525 

2,323 

14,089 


133 

24 

6 

142 
22 
14 
26 
4 
49 

179 

732 


3 
1 







2 



43 

7 
1 

20 
4 
3 
9 
1 
8 

23 
282 


5 

54 
7 
2 

30 
54 
20 
15 
35 
3 
2 


1,374 




202 




32 




1,343 




154 




69 




116 




14 


Texas 


482 




2,295 




13,805 






Total 


20,520 


1,331 


6 


401 


227 


19,886 






Early summer: 


240 

124 

1,539 

323 

4,002 
250 
171 
195 
314 
984 
3,610 
2,240 


17 

12 

112 

27 

319 
23 
17 
23 
31 
105 
255 
91 


1 

3 
1 

54 
1 
1 
5 
6 
1 
5 



8 
5 

77 
11 

132 

7 

5 

13 

13 

30 

137 

67 


80 

24 

3 

2 

2 
55 

70 

144 

77 

35 

1 




151 




95 




1,456 




309 


Virginia : 


3,814 
187 


Other 


North Carolina 


95 
33 




218 




918 


Texas 


3,467 




2,173 






Total 


13,992 


1,032 


78 


505 


493 


12,916 






Late summer: 
New York, L.I 


1,658 

3,570 

646 

155 

414 

1,942 

3,255 

1,739 

576 

400 

91 

80 

390 

126 

3,038 

774 

7,988 

3,010 


132 
241 

48 

16 

38 

209 

248 

119 

35 

26 

7 

8 

46 

8 

223 

66 

368 

154 



7 
3 
1 
4 
104 

99 
5 

14 
3 
1 
2 

14 
2 

16 
7 


54 


22 

161 

31 

5 

17 

91 

117 

89 

22 

32 

4 

4 

20 
5 
316 
52 
248 
36 


2 

5 

53 

14 

17 

8 

32 

4 

57 

30 

12 

60 

200 

44 

8 

1 

7 




1,634 




3,397 

559 

135 

376 

1,739 

3,007 


Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 




1,641 




483 


Nebraska 


335 

74 


Virginia 


14 
156 




75 




2,698 




714 




7,733 




2,920 






Total 


29,852 


1,992 


336 


1,272 


554 


27,690 



See footnotes at end of table. 



188 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 274. — Potatoes: Seed used, and farm disposition, by seasonal groups, crop of 
1968 (preliminary) — Continued 





Production 


Total used 
for seed 1 


Disposition on farms where grown 


Season and State 


For seed 


Feed, 

shrinkage, 

and loss 


For 

household 

use 


Sold 

from 
farms 2 


FaU: 
Maine 


1 , 000 art. 

36,425 

230 

285 

1,036 

1,260 

1,254 

7,340 

8,342 
7,585 


; , 000 art. 
3,580 
14 
22 
82 
90 
83 

493 
781 
630 


1 , 000 cwt. 
2,220 
3 
11 
2 

1 


250 
126 


1,000 cwt. 
2,441 
12 
14 
75 
36 
44 

506 
584 
509 


1,000 cwt. 

56 

6 

10 
6 
1 
4 

9 

76 
135 


1,000 art. 
31,708 
209 




250 




953 




1,223 




1,205 


New York: 


6 825 




7,432 




6,815 






8 Eastern 


63,757 


5,775 


2,613 


4,221 


303 


56,620 




Ohio 


2,583 
1,363 
6,525 
8,855 
12,180 
15,660 
621 
1,820 


190 

114 

570 

600 

1,428 

1,552 

56 

94 


8 

17 
194 
360 
371 
543 
17 
44 


189 

45 

541 

1,001 

1,364 

1,739 

81 

100 


30 

8 

72 

112 

112 

86 

14 

2 


2,356 




1,293 




5,718 




7,382 




10,333 




13,292 




509 




1,674 






8 Central 


49,607 


4,604 


1,554 


5,060 


436 


42,557 




1,498 

7.830 

51,675 

608 

8,280 

1,072 

138 

16,185 

4,208 
7,800 
8,266 


125 

480 
4,686 
58 
749 
113 
8 
768 

240 
568 
548 


81 

43 

1,406 

32 

449 

40 

2 

23 

12 
170 
60 


186 

1,112 

4,392 

91 

994 

156 

18 
857 

408 
780 
364 


17 

3 

35 
3 

6 
12 

1 
22 

2 

16 
2 


1,214 


Idaho: 


6,672 




45,842 




482 


Colorado 

Utah 

Nevada 


6,831 

864 

117 

15,283 


Oregon: 


3,786 




6,834 




7,840 






9 Western 


107,560 


8,343 


2,318 


9,358 


119 


95,765 


Total fall . 


220,924 


18,722 


6,485 


18,639 


858 


194,942 






United States 


294,192 


24,182 


6,905 


20,933 


2,137 


264,217 







1 Includes seed purchased and seed used on farms where grown. 

2 Consists of potatoes sold for all purposes including food, seed, processing, and livestock feed. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



POTATOES: SHALLOTS 



189 



Table 275. — Potatoes, white: United States exports by country of destination and 
imports by country of origin, 1966-68 





Year beginning July 


Item and country 


Year beginning July 


Item and country 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1966 


1967 


1968 


EXPORTS 

Europe: Total 


1,000 
cwt. 
23 


1,000 
cwt. 
2 


1,000 
cwt. 
4 


EXPORTS-continued 

Other countries — 

Continued 
Netherlands 

Antilles 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 


1,000 
cwt. 
4 
3 
2 

40 
14 


1,000 

cwt. 
1 
3 
1 
55 
9 


1,000 
cwt. 

5 
2 
6 


Latin American Re- 
publics: 

Argentina 

Mexico 


10 
82 
5 


21 
105 

15 
172 


23 

26 
11 


Panama 


Others 

Total 

Grand total 

IMPORTS 

Certified seed: 

Canada 

Other potatoes: 

Canada 


52 

4 










Others 


17 


1 


1 


2,110 


3,276 


2,504 


Total 


114 


314 


61 


2,247 


3,592 


2,569 


Other countries: 


3 
2,044 


2 
3,205 




1,502 
1,240 


802 
481 




Canada 


2,435 


1,416 
1,220 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 276.- 



-Shallots, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 x 





Acreage 
for 

harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Value 3 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Acres 
6,000 
7,300 
6,500 
4,300 
3,300 
2,600 
1,950 
1,400 


Cwt. 
23 
32 
30 
23 
26 
28 
27 
24 


1,000 
cwt. 
138 
230 
195 
98 
87 
72 
53 
34 


Dollars 
9.22 
5.48 
6.18 
6.97 
5.87 
6.14 
5.31 
5.79 


1,000 

dollars 

1,273 

1,063 

1,069 

683 

511 

442 

239 

197 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
950 

1,000 
870 
900 
800 
950 

1,020 


Cwt. 
25 
29 
29 
31 
31 
34 
36 


1,000 
cwt. 
24 
29 
25 
28 
25 
32 
37 


Dollars 
6.63 
10.10 
9.76 
11.04 
11.92 
12.30 
12.00 


1,000 
dollars 
159 
293 
244 
309 
298 
394 
444 

















1 Louisiana only. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value (1,000 hundred- 
weight): 36 in 1955, 22 in 1956, and 8 in 1960. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 278. 



190 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 277. — Spinach, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hundred- 
weight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 *- 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


FOR FRESH MARKET 2 

Winter: 


Acres 

6,000 
1,600 


Acres 

4,500 
1,400 


Acres 

6,000 
1,400 


1,000 

cwt. 

180 
192 


1,000 
cwt. 

189 
154 


1,000 
cwt. 

210 
161 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

12.80 
9.70 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

14.10 
10.00 


Dollars 
per cwt. 

10 40 




12 40 






Total or average 


7,600 


5,900 


7,400 


372 


343 


371 


11.20 


12.30 


11.30 


Spring: 


500 

1,000 

400 

250 

1,650 


450 
900 
450 
250 
1,300 


( 3 ) 

900 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 
1,550 


48 
70 
14 
18 
80 


40 
63 
18 
15 

58 


( 3 ) 

63 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

72 


7.70 

6.70 

10.20 

11.10 

8.20 


7.40 
6.80 
8.50 
11.00 
7.74 


( 3 ) 




6 80 




( 3 ) 

( 3 ) 


Ohio . 


Maryland and Virginia . . . 


7.76 


Total or average 


3,800 


3,350 


2,450 


230 


194 


135 


7.99 


7.69 


7.31 


Summer: Colorado 


1,200 


1,100 


1,100 


78 


77 


77 


12.30 


12.60 


13.30 


Early fall: 
New York 


500 
900 
500 
400 


500 
800 
450 
400 


( 3 ) 
800 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 


40 
54 
25 
26 


40 
48 
25 
22 


( 3 ) 
44 

( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 


7.60 
6.70 
10.50 
10.50 


8.90 
7.70 
9.60 
11.70 


( 3 ) 
8 30 




(*) 


Ohio 


( 3 ) 






Total or average 


2,300 


2,150 


800 


145 


135 


44 


8.28 


9.06 


8.30 


Late fall: 
Maryland and Virginia. . . 


1,300 


1,300 


1,450 


60 


63 


77 


8.43 


8.21 

10.40 


9.39 




16,200 


13,800 


13,200 


885 


812 


704 


9.80 


10 30 






FOR PROCESSING 

Winter: 


Acres 

2,200 
8,700 


Acres 

1,900 
8,700 


Acres 

1,300 
6,800 


Tons 

12,500 
80,900 


Tons 

9,300 
78,300 


Tons 

8,800 
55,800 


Dollars 
per ton 

43.30 

35.80 


Dollars 
per ton 

42.00 
36.60 


Dollars 
per ton 

40.60 




37.00 






Total or average 


10,900 


10,600 


8,100 


93,400 


87,600 


64,600 


36.80 


37.20 


37.50 


Spring: 


900 
1,800 
7,520 


1,400 
2,100 
5,800 


1,400 

1,500 
5,500 


3,000 

4,000 

31,700 


5,000 

5,700 

31,280 


5,500 

5,400 

33,170 


51.30 
50.00 
41.50 


51.40 
50.00 
43.90 


51.10 




50.00 


Other States 4 .. . 


44.10 






Total or average 


10,220 


9,300 


8,400 


38,700 


41,980 


44,070 


43.10 


45.60 


45.70 


Fall: 


1,400 

1,600 

700 

2,390 


1,700 

1,200 

750 

1,830 


1,400 

1,700 

650 

2,200 


4,500 
5,100 
5,600 
9,730 


6,100 

3,800 
5,900 
8,400 


5,000 
5,100 
5,200 
10,750 


50.70 
50.00 
32.50 
61.40 


51.60 

48.90 
33.30 
62.40 


50.80 


Oklahoma 

Washington 

Other States 5 


50.20 
32.30 
56.00 


Total or average 


6,090 


5,480 


5,950 


24,930 


24,200 


26,050 


50.60 


50.50 


49.10 




27,210 


25,380 


22,450 


157,030 


153,780 


134,720 


40.50 


41.60 


42.40 








43,410 


39,180 


35,650 


201,280 


194,380 


169,920 


6 74.70 


s 76.10 


6 76.50 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes small quantities used for processing except in States for which processing estimates are made 
separately. 

3 Estimates discontinued. 

4 New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, 
Texas, Idaho, and W T ashington. 

5 New York, New Jersey, Michigan, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, Mississippi, and California. 

6 Derived value per ton. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



SPINACH; SWEETPOTATOES 



191 



Table 278. — Spinach, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





For fresh market 1 


For processing 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 

per acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 3 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Value 4 




Per cwt. 


Total 


Per ton 


Total 


1954 


Acres 

32,290 

26,690 

31,220 

29,190 

28,490 

26,500 

24,980 

24,160 

20,440 

19,200 

18,110 

17,050 

16,800 

16,200 

13,800 

13.200 


Cwt. 
53 
54 
56 
56 
58 
59 
61 
53 
55 
58 
58 
58 
52 
55 
59 
53 


1,000 

cwt. 

1,716 

1,605 

1,754 

1,648 

1,661 

1,551 

1,523 

1,280 

1,126 

1,109 

1,057 

997 

876 

885 

812 

704 


Dollars 
5.72 
6.16 
5.91 
5.97 
6.53 
6.47 
6.67 
6.52 
7.26 
7.39 
7.42 
8.01 
9.08 
9.80 
10.40 
10.30 


1,000 
dollars 
9,762 
9,836 
10,288 
9,832 
10,884 
10,028 
10,160 
8,335 
8,172 
8,190 
7,845 
7,965 
7,958 
8,670 
8,406 
7,279 


Acres 

25,200 

30,900 

33,760 

32,880 

30,120 

32,330 

32,510 

30,500 

24,620 

27,210 

25,290 

21,400 

24,820 

27,210 

25,380 

22,450 


Tons 
4.0 
4.2 
4.2 
4.3 
4.0 
4.6 
4.4 
4.7 
5.0 
5.7 
5.8 
5.9 
5.9 
5.8 
6.1 
6.0 


Tons 

99,920 
130,000 
140,370 
139,900 
121,700 
147,820 
143,860 
144,480 
122,160 
155,790 
146,860 
125,200 
145,870 
157,030 
153,780 
134,720 


Dollars 
39.60 
38.50 
39.40 
37.90 
41.20 
37.42 
35.64 
35.62 
36.85 
37.40 
38.34 
39.90 
41.37 
40.50 
41.60 
42.40 


1,000 
dollars 
3,958 


1955 


5,007 


1956 . 


5,525 


1957 


5,300 


1958 

1959 


5,008 
5,531 


1960 

1961 

1962 


5,127 
5,147 
4,502 


1963 

1964 


5,827 
5,630 


1965 


4,972 


1966 

1967 

1968 


6,035 
6,367 
6,393 


1969 5 


5,717 



1 Includes small quantities used for processing except in the States for which processing estimates are made. 

2 Includes the following quantities not marketed which are excluded in computing value: For fresh market 
(1,000 hundredweight) — 10 in 1954, 9 in 1955, 3 in 1956, 2 in 1961, and 2 in 1965; for processing (tons) — 600 
in 1965. 

3 F.o.b. basis. 

4 Beginning 1964, at processing plant door; prior to 1964, average price received by growers at receiving point. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 279. 



Table 279. — Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, yield, production, season average price per 
hundredweight received by farmers, and value, United States, 1954-69 



Year 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Price l 


Farm 
value 


Year 


Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 1 


Farm 
value 


1954 

1954 

1955 


1,000 
acres 
261 
332 
342 
276 
274 
256 
218 
257 
191 
183 


Cwt. 
57.7 
51.8 
63.3 
63.0 
65.9 
68.8 

n 

74 

78 
79 


1,000 
cwt. 
15,068 
17,198 
21,608 
17,381 
18,057 
17,571 
16,162 
18,865 
14,858 
14,415 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 2 


1,000 
acres 
203 
171 
112 
151 
168 
157 
147 
149 
147 


Cwt. 
85 
84 
90 
86 
92 
87 
93 
92 
95 


1,000 
cwt. 
17,120 
14,356 
10,123 
12,969 
15,524 
13,697 
13,658 
13,763 
13,958 


Dollars 
3.54 
4.03 


1,000 
dollars 
61,488 


4.20 
3.27 
4.01 
4.18 
3.76 


76,302 
72,392 
70,757 
75,964 
67,933 


57,835 


1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


5.09 
4.21 
4.98 
4.49 
4.90 
4.44 


65,980 
65,628 
62,399 
61,204 


1959 

1960 

1961 


3.25 

4.09 
4.30 


62,253 
61,358 
61,924 


66,526 
62,342 



1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

2 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture returns from the Bureau of the 
Census. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 281. 



192 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 280. — Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, production, and season average price per hun- 
dredweight received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State 



Acreage harvested 



1967 1968 



Production 



1967 1968 



Price for crop of- 



1967 



New Jersey .... 

Kansas 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina . 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi .... 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

New Mexico. . . 
California 

United States 



1,000 
acres 
6.1 
1.0 
3.0 

13.8 

19.0 
2.8 
8.0 
3.3 
5.8 

13.0 
1.9 

49.0 



1,000 
acres 
5.4 



10. 



3.0 

12.6 

22.0 

2.5 

8.5 

2.8 

5.4 

11.0 

1.8 

52.0 

12.0 

.4 

8.0 



1,000 
acres 
3.3 

( 2 ) 
2.8 

10.7 

28.0 
2.5 
8.0 
2.6 
5.3 

10.0 
1.9 

52.0 

( 2 ) 

12.0 

( 2 ) 
8.2 



146.6 



147.3 



1,000 

cwt. 

610 

85 

420 

1,656 

2,185 

210 

720 

264 

464 

1,105 

171 

4,116 

46 

810 

36 

760 



13,658 



1,000 

cwt. 

594 

86 

450 

1,449 

2,530 

162 

680 

266 

470 

935 

135 

4,160 

42 

960 

44 



13,763 



1,000 
cwt. 

314 
( 2 ) 

378 

1,519 

3,220 

212 

640 

273 

450 

850 

142 

4,420 

( 2 ) 

720 
( 2 ) 



Dollars 
6.57 
5.00 
4.04 
2.92 
3.37 
5.51 
6.81 
5.06 
5.76 
5.04 
4.93 
3.52 
5.52 
5.11 
5.81 
9.61 



Dollars 
7.15 
5.04 
4.97 
3.48 
4.82 
5.28 
6.57 
5.56 
5.52 
5.13 
5.03 
3.73 
5.04 
5.75 
5.85 
8.62 



13,958 



4.90 



Dollars 
6.20 
( 2 ) 
3.50 
3.00 
4.20 
5.80 
6.70 



5.70 
5.40 
5.20 
5.40 
3.50 

( 2 ) 
6.50 

( 2 ) 
7.50 



4.44 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 281. — Sweetpotatoes: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, United 

States, 1959-68 







Total 


Disposition on farms where grown 




Used on farms where grown 




Year 


Production 


used for 
seed 1 












Sold from 










Feed, 


For 


farms 2 








For seed 


shrinkage, 
and loss 


household 
use 






1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 


1,000 cwt. 


1959 


18,865" 


721 


545 


3,332 


2,102 


12,886 


1960 


14.858 


738 


519 


1,899 


1,711 


10,729 


1961 


14,415 
17,120 


845 
722 


591 
537 


1,713 
2,512 


1,471 
1,386 


10,640 


1962 


12,685 


1963 


14,356 


633 


479 


1,805 


1,049 


11,023 


1964 


12,969 


767 


579 


1,386 


843 


10,161 


1965 


15,524 


774 


611 


1,976 


737 


12,200 


1966 


13,697 


718 


564 


1,578 


641 


10,914 


1967 


13,658 


796 


617 


1,365 


589 


11,087 


1968 3 


13,763 


936 


730 


1,275 


533 


11,225 



1 Includes seed purchased and seed used on farms where grown. 

2 Consists of sweetpotatoes sold for all purposes including food, seed, processing, and livestock feed. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 283. 



SWEETPOTATOES; TOMATOES 



193 



Table 282.— Sweetpotatoes: Production, seed used, and farm disposition, by States, 

crop of 1968 (preliminary) 





Produc- 
tion 


Total used 
for seed l 


Disposition on farms where grown 


State 


For seed 


Feed, 

shrinkage, 

and loss 


For 

household 

use 


Sold 
from 
farms 2 




1,000 cwt. 

594 

86 

450 

1,449 

2,530 

162 

680 

266 

470 

935 

135 

4,160 

42 

960 

44 

800 


1,000 cwt. 
18 

3 

12 
68 
144 
11 
31 
10 
16 
55 

6 
448 

3 
78 

2 
31 


1,000 cwt. 
17 

2 

10 
59 
109 

7 
23 

7 

12 
33 

4 
349 

2 
71 

2 
23 


1,000 cwt. 

38 

4 

25 

53 

328 

29 

84 

24 

75 

95 

26 

312 

3 

113 

2 

64 


1,000 cwt. 

1 

1 

6 

23 

153 

28 

30 

42 

81 

48 

20 

84 

2 

12 

1 

1 


1,000 cwt. 
538 




79 




409 




1,314 




1,940 




98 




543 




193 




302 




759 




85 




3,415 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


35 

764 


New Mexico 


39 

712 








13,763 


936 


730 


1,275 


533 


11,225 







1 Includes seed purchased and seed used on farms where grown. 

2 Consists of sweetpotatoes sold for all purposes including food, seed, processing, and livestock feed. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 283. — Tomatoes, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, 
and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 


1967 


1968 


1989 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


FOR FRESH MARKET 

Winter: 
Florida 


Acres 
14,900 


Acres 
13,000 


Acres 
14,500 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,831 


1,000 
cwt. 
2,340 


1,000 
cwt. 

2,248 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

9.40 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

14.20 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

11.60 






Early spring: 
Florida 


14,300 
2,200 
1,300 


14,200 
1,600 
2,000 


19,300 
2,000 
2,400 


3,218 
128 
273 


2,840 

80 

320 


2,606 
150 
444 


9.50 

7.20 
16.30 


13.60 
9.50 
12.90 


14.10 


Texas 

California 


13.90 
12.90 


Total or average 


17,800 


17,800 


23,700 


3,619 


3,240 


3,200 


9.93 


13.40 


13.90 


Late spring: 


7,100 
2,800 
650 
1,400 
5,800 


7,700 
3,500 
650 
1,600 
5,700 


8,200 
3,300 
( 2 ) 

1,400 
5,700 


746 

188 

32 

77 

261 


654 
231 
30 
128 
256 


697 

198 

( 2 ) 

98 

239 


9.20 

7.60 
10.00 
11.60 

8.50 


10.30 
6.50 
9.30 

15.60 
8.60 


9.20 




7.20 




( 2 ) 




17.50 


Texas 


10.20 






Total or average 


17,750 


19,150 


18,600 


1,304 


1,299 


1,232 


8.99 


9.79 


9.73 


Early summer: 


7,400 

850 

400 

900 

200 

2,100 

4,600 

1,600 

800 

2,200 

6,000 

3,200 

11,500 


7,000 

800 

500 

800 

250 

2,100 

3,400 

1,700 

800 

2,300 

9,000 

3,400 

14,900 


6,800 
700 

(2 3) 

700 
( 2 ) 

1,900 
3,700 
1,600 

700 
2,200 
8,500 
3,600 
13,000 


666 

102 

24 

90 

26 

273 

460 

104 

68 

242 

330 

384 

1,898 


665 

104 

30 

76 

30 

252 

442 

119 

56 

253 

450 

323 

2,682 


578 
98 

(2 3) 

63 

( 2 ) 

266 

4 370 

112 

60 

242 

493 

324 

2,860 


9.40 

20.10 

19.20 

6.90 

5.50 

5.60 

9.40 

8.10 

13.40 

10.00 

10.40 

16.00 

11.30 


9.40 
17.80 
12.20 
10.40 
6.30 
6.30 
9.30 
7.00 
11.10 
8.30 
10.80 
13.30 
10.10 


11.30 


Ohio 


13.60 




( 2 ) 




14.50 




( 2 ) 




6.80 




7.00 




8.20 




12 10 




8.80 




9 70 




11.20 




8.70 






Total or average 


41,750 


46,950 


43,400 


4,667 


5,482 


5,466 


10.80 


10.00 


9.19 



See footnotes at end of table. 



194 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 283.- 



-Tomatoes, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per hun- 
dredweight and per ton, by States, 1967-69 — Continued 







Acreage 






Production 




Value per unit 


Utilization, season, 
and State 




















1967 


1968 


1969 • 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 


FOR FRESH MARKET- 




















continued 




























1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Late summer: 


Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


cwt. 


cwt. 


cwt. 


per cwt. 


per cwt. 


per cwt. 




900 

280 

1,200 


850 

280 

1,200 


750 
1,100 


171 
45 
168 


166 
45 
192 


154 

170 


9.70 
10.40 
11.00 


12.00 
10.20 
13.00 


12 40 


Rhode Island 


( 5 ) 


Connecticut 


13.30 




4,200 
3,100 


4,300 
3,000 


3,900 
3,000 


441 
326 


494 
300 


390 
300 


6.40 
6.90 


7.00 
6.70 


8 20 


Pennsylvania 


7.40 


Ohio 


2,200 


2,400 


2,200 


275 


252 


176 


10.70 


11.40 


13.30 




2,500 
1,100 


2.400 
1,100 


2,400 
1,500 


225 

66 


204 

66 


240 
90 


13.40 
6.20 


10.10 
7.60 


10.30 


Illinois 


8.60 


Michigan 


5,200 


5,000 


4,500 


520 


500 


472 


9.50 


7.40 


10.80 




1,400 
500 


1,200 
550 


1,200 
500 


327 

70 


276 

88 


312 

60 


6.40 
5.70 


9.70 
6.70 


9.70 


Colorado 


6.20 


Washington 


450 


400 


450 


58 


72 


68 


7.60 


7.60 


7.90 


Oregon 


350 


400 


( 2 ) 


49 


44 


( 5 ) 


9.40 


9.90 


C-) 


Total or average 


23,380 


23,080 


21,500 


2,741 


2,699 


2,432 


8.66 


8.82 


9.95 


Early fall: California 


19,800 


15,000 


16,100 


3,366 


3.150 


3,542 


8.30 


12.20 


13.50 


Late fall: 




















Florida 


11,800 


9,400 


9,200 


1,947 


1,269 


1,380 


9.30 


14.30 


12.00 


Texas 


1,300 


1,800 


2,100 


52 


117 


84 


8.60 


12.70 


16.50 


Total or average 


13,100 


11,200 


11,300 


1,999 


1,386 


1,464 


9.28 


14.20 


12.30 


All groups 


148,480 


146,180 


149,100 


20,527 


19,596 


19,584 


9.50 


11.50 


11.40 


Hawaii 


220 


180 


200 


61 


55 


49 


15.50 


16.90 


17.90 


United States 


148,700 


146,360 


149,300 


20,588 


19,651 


19,633 


9.52 


11.60 


11.40 


FOR PROCESSING 














Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 




Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


per ton 


per ton 


per ton 


New York 


6,700 


7,000 


5,000 


90,400 


84,700 


66,000 


43.00 


41.50 


41.20 


New Jersev 


21,100 


19,700 


15,400 


322,800 


5 329,000 


222,000 


41.90 


6 37.60 


40.20 


Pennsylvania 


10,300 


10,000 


9,300 


154,500 


177,000 


139,500 


41.30 


39.20 


38.20 


Ohio 


27,900 


30,800 


26,900 


541,300 


5 625,200 


438,500 


37.00 


6 35.30 


36.60 


Indiana 


19,600 


20,300 


17,500 


297,900 


5 286,200 


264,200 


39.10 


6 38.60 


37.60 


Illinois 


6,300 


5,500 


4,900 


119,700 


94.000 


77,400 


39.70 


40.70 


39.40 


Michigan 


6,300 


6,200 


4,900 


81,300 


87,400 


58,300 


38.10 


37.10 


36.80 


Delaware 


1,600 


1,500 


1,100 


20,500 


19.000 


13,400 


41.40 


42.00 


39.30 


Maryland 


7,000 


7,300 


4,600 


72,800 


92,000 


47,800 


45.20 


41.10 


37.10 


Virginia 


8,700 


7,000 


5,500 


55.700 


63,000 


42,400 


43.40 


35.60 


34.00 


Florida 


10,400 


4,900 


5,800 


96,700 


43.100 


43,500 


35.90 


31.30 


30.00 


Texas 


6,400 


9,000 


6,000 


40,300 


52,200 


42,600 


38.00 


39.00 


34.40 


Colorado 


1,100 


1,300 


1,000 


10,600 


15,500 


12,400 


34.60 


39.60 


36.20 




600 
2,200 


900 
2,500 


800 
1,900 


7,200 
34,300 


12,600 
33,000 


9,600 
32,500 


34.00 
33.40 


34.00 
38.20 


34.00 


Utah 


32.50 


California 


186,700 


231,300 


157,000 


3,192,600 


5 4,903,6O0 


3,391,200 


44.90 


6 41.40 


33.50 


Other States 7 


4,660 


4,950 


3,590 


48,850 


48,360 


27,550 


40.90 


37.90 


36.50 


United States 


327,560 


370,150 


271,190 


5,187,450 


5 6,965,860 


4,928,850 


42.80 


6 40.20 


34.70 




476,260 


516,510 


420,490 


6,216,850 


7,948,410 


5,910,500 


8 67.20 


8 63.90 


8 66.80 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

3 Combined with "Late summer." 

4 Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1967 — Hawaii, 1; late summer, North Carolina, 51: 1969 — early summer, Virginia, 40. 

5 Includes some quantities not delivered because of economic conditions. 

6 Average price derived. 

7 Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Alabama, 
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Washington. 

s Value per ton derived. 

Statistical Reporting Sendee. 



TOMATOES 



195 



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23,633 
6,504 
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11,639 

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262,950 
330,500 
354,480 
304,320 
343,650 
296,930 
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304,550 
327,900 
250,460 
273,350 
257,360 
300,130 
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6.94 
7.03 
8.10 
7.73 
6.61 
7.70 
8.00 
7.61 
7.53 
7.68 
8.85 
9.44 
9.39 
9.52 
11.60 
11.40 


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cwt. 
19,776 
20,951 
19,868 
20,147 
18,463 
19,486 
19,006 
21,121 
20,877 
20,012 
20,528 
20,585 
20,740 
20,588 
19,651 
19,633 


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136,450 

232,230 
221,600 
218,280 
212,650 
93,170 
61,520 
63,530 
58,430 
55,920 
55,270 
53,380 
52,000 
48,700 
46,360 
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196 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 285. — Watermelons, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
hundredweight, and total value, United States, 1954-69 





Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Valued 


Year 


Acreage 

for 
harvest 


Yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Value 2 


Year 


Per 

cwt. 


Total 


Per 
cwt. 


Total 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

I960 3 

1961 


Acres 
443,950 
433,400 
397,300 
393,100 
398,550 
327,900 
332,290 
307,580 


Cwt. 
71 
79 
77 
70 
86 
82 
94 
95 


1,000 
cwt. 
31,567 
34,156 
30,495 
27,487 
34,195 
26,995 
31,112 
29,083 


Dollars 
1.15 
1.29 
1.44 
1.69 
1.07 
1.74 
1.29 
1.58 


1,000 
dollars 
35,087 
41,384 
42,632 
46,418 
32,261 
46,798 
38,182 
45,997 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 4 


Acres 
298,280 
286,310 
280,400 
284,720 
274,540 
272,760 
286,080 
276,500 


Cwt. 

97 
109 

98 
104 
105 
102 

97 

95 


1,000 
cwt. 
28,961 
31,102 
27,615 
29,671 
28,941 
27,735 
27,611 
26,307 


Dollars 
1.47 
1.44 
1.70 
1.60 
1.87 
2.10 
1.88 
2.06 


1,000 
dollars 
38,590 
41,885 
46,880 
47,355 
52,965 
58,239 
51,844 
54,084 



1 Excludes 90,000 cwt. not marketed in 1968. Prior to 1967, included some quantities not marketed which 
were excluded in computing value (1,000 hundredweight): 1,021 in 1954, 1,993 in 1955, 954 in 1956, 3,996 in 
1958, 70 in 1959, 1,444 in 1960, 2,712 in 1962, 1,919 in 1963, 51 in 1964, 37 in 1965, and 590 in 1966. 

2 F.o.b. basis. 

3 Beginning 1960, includes Hawaii. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 287. 



Table 286.- 



-Watermelons, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 
hundredweight, by States, 1967-69 



Season and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 


Late spring: 
Florida 


Acres 
57,000 
3,700 


Acres 
56.000 
5,600 


Acres 
53,500 
5,600 


1,000 
cwt. 
8,265 
796 


1,000 
cwt. 
7,560 
812 


1,000 
cwt. 
6,955 
1,008 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

2.10 

3.85 


Dollars 

per cwt. 

2.10 

3.60 


Dollars 
per cwt. 
2.50 




2.50 






Total or average 


60,700 


61,600 


59,100 


9,061 


8,372 


7,963 


2.25 


2.25 


2.50 


Early summer: 


6,500 

24,000 
36,000 
13,000 
8,300 
5,700 
3,100 
9,500 
70,000 
3,400 
9,200 


6,000 
24,000 
39,500 
14,500 
8,500 
5,800 
3,300 
11,000 
74,000 
4,000 
10,000 


7,200 
24,000 
37,500 
13,500 
10,000 

6,200 

3,400 
11,500 
70,000 

5,100 
10,000 


455 

2,160 

3,420 

1,300 

664 

484 

248 

760 

4,200 

595 

1,426 


390 

1,632 

3,555 

1,305 

663 

493 

297 

770 

4,810 

680 

1,600 


648 

1,608 

3,000 

1,148 

680 

496 

255 

920 

4,690 

765 

1,500 


1.65 
1.55 
1.95 
2.00 
1.80 
2.15 
1.60 
1.70 
2.05 
3.35 
2.50 


1.85 
1.45 
1.60 
1.80 
1.40 
1.50 
1.80 
1.30 
1.25 
3.05 
2.25 


1.70 




1.65 




1.50 




1.70 




1.50 




2.05 




1.90 




2.10 


Texas 


1.95 
1.80 




2.00 






Total or average 


188,700 


200,600 


198,400 


15,712 


16,195 


15,710 


2.00 


1.61 


1.79 


Late summer: 


5,200 
1,700 
7,100 
1,000 
3,000 
3,200 
800 
1,200 


5,100 
1,700 
7,500 
1,100 
3,300 
3,000 
900 
1,100 


5.900 

( 2 ) 

7,800 
1,300 
4,000 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 


806 
178 
568 
165 
540 
336 
152 
204 


688 
170 
750 
220 
660 
315 
3 108 
3 115 


914 
( 2 ) 
819 
221 

680 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 


2.20 
2.40 
3.10 
1.45 
1.30 
1.10 
2.90 
2.35 


1.90 
2.55 
2.40 
2.50 
2.50 
1.50 
2.85 
2.60 


2.35 


Illinois 

Missouri 

Delaware 


( 2 ) 
2.55 
1.95 
1.95 


Virginia 

Washington 


( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 






Total or average 


23,200 


23,700 


19,000 


2,949 


3,026 


2,634 


2.10 


2.25 


2.28 


All groups 


272,600 


285,900 


276,500 


27,722 


27,593 


26,307 


2.09 


1.87 


2.06 




160 
272,760 


180 


( 2 ) 


13 


18 


( 2 ) 


12.70 


11.70 


( 2 ) 






United States 


286,080 


276,500 


27,735 


27,611 


26,307 


2.10 


1.88 


2.06 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Estimates discontinued. 

3 Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
hundredweight): 1968 — late summer, Washington, 40, and Oregon, 50. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



VEGETABLE UNLOADS 197 

Table 287. — Vegetables: Unloads at 8 markets, by commodities, 1969 





Boston 


New York 2 


Philadelphia 


Baltimore 


Commodity 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 1 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck • 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Vegetables: 
Beans (snap, 
lima, and fava).. . 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Cucumbers 

Lettuce-romaine 

Mixed vegetables. . . 

Onions 

Peas, green 

Potatoes 

Watermelons 

Miscellaneous 


Cars 
3 
150 
948 
549 
126 
945 
46 

2,619 

458 

933 

27 

2,771 
349 

2,021 


Cars 

429 

1,278 

19 

185 

91 

413 

953 

495 

"658 

13 

4,514 

642 

5,063 


Cars 

432 
1,428 

967 

734 

217 
1,358 

999 
3,114 

458 

1,591 

40 

7,285 

991 
7,084 


Cars 

136 

460 
3,816 
1,142 

247 
2,056 

440 
6,421 
1,470 
2,188 

112 
9,346 
1,262 
10,012 


Cars 

1,352 

3,312 

247 

337 

526 

981 

2,316 

1,768 

2,191 
22 

5,910 
1,682 
13,628 


Cars 
1,488 
3,772 
4,063 
1,479 
773 
3,037 
2,756 
8,189 
1,470 
4,379 
134 

15,256 
2,944 

23,640 


Cars 
23 

208 
1,113 

487 

165 

1,167 

67 

2,661 

763 

1,354 

57 

2,112 

412 
2,109 


Cars 
534 

2,029 
96 
192 
135 
398 
712 
797 

M57 

16 

4,570 

919 

5,920 


Cars 

557 
2,237 
1,209 

679 

300 
1,565 

779 
3,458 

763 
2,811 
73 
6,682 
1,331 
8,029 


Cars 

32 

445 

162 

46 

338 

9 

1,207 

332 

403 

22 

761 

90 

546 


Cars 

317 
1,317 
161 
96 
37 
264 
325 
372 

552 

7 

2,906 

919 

2,724 


Cars 

317 

1,349 

606 

258 

83 

602 

334 

1,579 

332 

955 

29 

3,667 

1,009 

3,270 


Total 


11,945 


14,753 


26,698 


39,108 


34,272 


73,380 


12,698 


17,775 


30,473 


4,393 


9,997 


14,390 





Atlanta 


Chicago 


Los Angeles 


San Francisco 3 


Commodity 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 1 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck l 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck l 


Total 


Vegetables: 
Beans (snap, 
lima, and fava).. . 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 


Cars 

1 

1 

192 

52 


Cars 
740 

1,699 
459 
213 
29 
277 
181 

1,098 

"849 
9 
3,854 
1,633 
4,338 


Cars 
741 

1,700 
651 
265 
29 
285 
181 

1,395 
16 

1,109 
9 

5,064 

1,633 

4,431 


Cars 
16 

679 
1,297 

608 

205 
1,101 

206 
4,924 
1,955 
2,014 
24 
9,435 

470 
2,537 


Cars 
460 

1,496 
147 
263 
88 
366 
849 
704 

"559 
10 

1,479 
1,209 
5,728 


Cars 

476 

2,175 

1,444 

871 

293 

1,467 

1,055 

5,628 

1,955 

2,573 

34 

10,914 

1,679 

8,265 


Cars 

51 

1 

40 

3 

253 

8 

4,147 

22 

662 


Cars 

688 
2,113 
2,392 
2,807 

986 
2,890 
1,405 
7,887 

4J31 
79 
9,345 
3,297 
16,879 


Cars 

688 

2,113 

2,443 

2,807 

986 

2,891 

1,445 

7,887 

3 

4,384 

87 

13,492 

3,319 

17,541 


Cars 
35 

1 

"64 
"702 
"130 


Cars 
310 
869 

1,122 
857 
482 

1,065 
370 

4,196 
48 

1,522 
45 

5,923 

1,094 

7,791 


Cars 
310 
869 

1,157 
857 
482 


Celery 


8 


1,065 
371 


Lettuce-romaine. . . 
Mixed vegetables... 
Onions 


297 

16 

260 


4,196 
48 

1,586 
45 


Potatoes 


1,210 


6,625 
1,094 


Miscellaneous 


93 


7,921 


Total 


2,130 


15,379 


17,509 


25,471 


13,358 


38,829 


5,187 


54,899 


60,086 


932 


25,694 


26,626 



1 Estimated percentages of completeness for reported truck unloads for 1969 are as follows: Chicago, 85%; 
Atlanta, Baltimore, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, 90%; Boston, 90-95%; San Francisco, 95%. 

2 Includes Newark. 
s Includes Oakland. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



198 VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 

Table 288. — Vegetables: Total unloads at 8 markets, 1960-69 





Boston 


New York 2 


Philadelphia 


Baltimore 


Year 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck * 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 1 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


I960 


Cars 

17,778 

16,317 

15,966 

15,817 

15,019 

13,821 

13,344 

12,653 

10,668 

11,945 


Cars 
14,257 
14,819 
15,754 
14,914 
15,191 
14,723 
12,580 
12,441 
13,162 
14,753 


Cars 
32,035 
31,136 
31,720 
30,731 
30,210 
28,544 
25,924 
25,094 
23,830 
26,698 


Cars 
48,896 
44,427 
44,663 
44,225 
45,178 
41,504 
41,383 
43,396 
36,952 
39,108 


Cars 
50,770 
49,310 
48,616 
49,168 
48,884 
49,182 
39,172 
38,864 
36,228 
34,272 


Cars 
99,666 
93,737 
93,279 
93,393 
94,062 
90,686 
80,555 
82,260 
73,180 
73,380 


Cars 
14,350 
14,048 
13,678 
16,572 
15,290 
13,617 
13,071 
12,673 
12,295 
12,698 


Cars 
22,126 
21,790 
21,772 
22,782 
22,050 
20,602 
18,812 
19,497 
18,786 
17,775 


Cars 
36,476 
35,838 
35,450 
39,354 
37,340 
34,219 
31,883 
32,170 
31,081 
30,473 


Cars 

6,289 

6,080 

5,919 

5,873 

5,381 

5,064 

5,102 

4,653 

4,334 

4,393 


Cars 
11,985 
12,304 
12,077 
12,356 
11,740 
11,927 
10,059 
10,542 
9,993 
9,997 


Cars 
18 274 


1961 


18,384 


1962 

1963 


17,996 
18 229 


1964 

1965 

1966 


17,121 
16,991 
15,161 


1967 

1968 

1969 


15,195 
14,327 
14,390 









Atlanta 


Chicago 


Los Angeles 


San Francisco 3 


Year 


Rail, , 

b03t, 

and air 


Motor - 
truck * 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck i 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


1960 

1961 

1962 


Cars 

2,342 

2,053 

2,165 

1,889 

1,687 

1,528 

2,039 

2,013 

2,073 

2,130 


Cars 

16,248 

16,288 

16,449 

16,906 

16,557 

16,649 

14,065 

14,491 

15,101 

15,379 


Cars 
18,590 
18,341 
18,614 
18,795 
18,244 
18,177 
16,104 
16,504 
17,174 
17,509 


Cars 
30,846 
28,504 
26,795 
26.694 
24,374 
23,706 
25,280 
24,277 
23,683 
25,471 


Cars 
18,129 
19,288 
19,859 
19,032 
19,059 
18,439 
15,277 
14,568 
15,021 
13,358 


Cars 

48,975 
47,792 
46,654 
45,726 
43,433 
42,145 
40,557 
38,845 
38,704 
38,829 


Cars 

6,202 

6,006 

7,092 

6,107 

5,878 

4,625 

4,816 

5,187 

4,967 

5,187 


Cars 
76,802 
73,766 
70,742 
72,874 
09,861 
69,965 
58,177 
58,544 
56,309 
54,899 


Cars 
83,004 
79,772 
77,834 
78,981 
75,739 
74,590 
62,993 
63,731 
61,276 
60,086 


Cars 
1,705 
1,790 
2,176 
1,670 
1,742 
1,331 
1,196 
1,087 
845 
932 


Cars 
28,536 
28,368 
27,784 
30,316 
30,970 
29,642 
24,820 
26,177 
26,564 
25,694 


Cars 
30,241 
30,158 
29,960 


1963. . . 


31,986 


1964 

1965 

1966 


32,712 
30,973 
26,016 


1967 

1968 

1969 


27,264 
27,409 
26,626 



1 Estimated percentages of completeness for reported truck unloads for 1969 are as follows: Chicago, 85% 
Atlanta, Baltimore, Los Angeles, New Y/ork, Philadelphia, 90%; Boston, 90-95%; San Francisco, 95%. 

2 Includes Newark. 

3 Includes Oakland. 



Consumer and Marketing Service, 
table 289. 



Data for total unloads for 1955-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 290 

1 Fresh vegetable consumption computed from total commercial production for fresh market, including 
greenhouse production. Does not include production for home use. Civilian consumption obtained by 
dividing the total apparent civilian consumption by total civilian population as reported by the Census Bureau. 
All data for calendar year, except dry field peas which are on a crop-year basis. 

2 Less than 0.05 pound. 

3 Prefiminary. 

4 Beginning 1969, included in minor vegetables. 

5 Includes 0.1 pound of shallots each year through 1958; 1959 through 1968, less than 0.05 pound. Beginning 
1969, included in minor vegetables. 

6 Includes table stock and processed. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1924-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 291. 



FRESH VEGETABLE SHIPMENTS 



199 



Table 289. — Vegetables, fresh: Carlot rail and boat shipments of specified kinds, 

United States, 1960-69 * 



Year 


Aspara- 
gus 


Beans, 

snap and 

lima 


Beets 2 


Broccoli 


Cabbage 


Carrots 


Cauli- 
flower 


Celery 


Corn, 
green 


1960 


Cars 
1,364 
1,040 
849 
781 
608 
732 
502 
516 
515 
386 


Cars 
1,470 
1,174 
927 
675 
594 
434 
511 
429 
274 
239 


Cars 
52 
39 
36 


Cars 
1,391 
1,692 
1,380 
1,467 
1,617 
1,143 
1,360 
1,779 
2,194 
1,677 


Cars 
7,263 
5,342 
5,085 
5,453 
4,900 
4,597 
4,979 
4,910 
4,711 
4,808 


Cars 

10,681 
9,800 

10,029 

11,119 
9,218 
8,529 
8,240 
7,184 
6,881 
7,053 


Cars 
2,161 
2,231 
1,805 
1,564 
1,842 
1,229 
1,403 
1,430 
1,346 
1,574 


Cars 

19,557 

16,458 

14,233 

14,395 

13,081 

12,920 

14,242 

12,952 

13,944 

12,262 


Cars 
5 323 


1961 


4,453 
5,512 
5,315 
4 168 


1962 

1963 


1964 


1965 




4,832 
5,272 
4,953 


1966 




1967 




1968 . 


3 423 


1969 




4,098 









Cucum- 
bers 


Escarole 


Greens 
(except 
spinach) 


Lettuce 


Muskmelons 


Onions 


Peas, 
green 




Year 


Canta- 
loups 


Other » 


Peppers 


I960 


Cars 
1,117 

987 

731 

1,010 

1.105 

998 

887 

1,276 

541 

645 


Cars 
914 
575 
623 
457 
574 
671 
708 
543 
269 
304 


Cars 
1,057 
831 
619 
667 
930 
497 
589 
524 
783 
615 


Cars 

61,538 

59,367 

54,935 

52,568 

51,117 

46,892 

49,008 

46,236 

49,907 

48,558 


Cars 

17,044 

17,187 

17,583 

17,723 

15,980 

13,578 

13,446 

15,375 

16,990 

17,444 


Cars 
5,154 
4,816 
4,397 
4,366 
3,979 
4,303 
3,296 
4,355 
3,791 
4,099 


Cars 

14,070 

13,327 

12,630 

13,914 

14,165 

15,023 

15,457 

17,992 

16,435 

17,856 


Cars 
609 
597 
533 
433 
380 
331 
171 
179 
113 
85 


Cars 
2,719 


1961 

1962. 


2,979 
2,590 


1963. . . 


3,188 


1964 

1965 

1966. 


2,492 
2,368 
2,351 


1967 

1968 


1,973 
2,360 


1969 


1,742 



Year 


Potatoes 


Spinach 


Sweet- 
potatoes 


Tomatoes 


Turnips 
and ruta- 
bagas 2 


Water- 
melons 


Mixed 

vegetables 


Total 


1960 


Cars 
148,807 
141 ,046 
141,163 
141,967 
138,376 
125,988 
134,436 
123,974 
115,102 
113,072 


Cars 

1,790 

1,497 

1,412 

1,350 

1,332 

1,029 

961 

918 

899 

985 


Cars 
100 
58 
79 
98 
31 
80 
65 
58 
44 
22 


Cars 

11,656 

13,892 

13,652 

12,069 

11,481 

11,464 

11,984 

10,637 

11,057 

11,530 


Cars 
19 
19 
26 


Cars 
7,139 
5,642 
5,562 
6,466 
3,630 
4,100 
6,047 
7,203 
5,532 
5,079 


Cars 
22,823 
22,450 
19,276 
19,001 
18,601 
18,133 
17,299 
14,940 
14,556 
14,615 


Cars 
345,818 


1961. 


327,499 


1962 

1963 


315,667 
316,046 


1964. . . 




300,201 


1965 




279,871 


1966 




293,214 


1967 




280,336 


1968 




271,667 


1969 




268,748 









1 Shipments by truck are not included but have become increasingly important during this period. The data 
are not indicative of total production or total sales. 

2 Beginning 1963, reports of rail shipments for beets, turnips, and rutabagas discontinued. 

3 Includes casaba, honeydew, persian, and mixed melons. Cars of mixed melons may include cantaloups as 
well as other muskmelons. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from daily and monthly reports received from officials and local 
agents of common carriers throughout the country. Shipments shown in carlots include boat shipments re- 
duced to a carlot basis. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 290. 



200 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 290. — Vegetables (fresh), melons, potatoes, sweetpotatoes, dry edible beans, 
and dry field peas: Per capita civilian consumption (farm weight basis), United 
States, 1954-69 x 





Toma- 
toes 


Leafy, green, and yellow vegetables 


Year 


Arti- 
chokes 


Aspara- 
gus 


Lima 

beans 

(un- 

shelled) 


Snap 
beans 


Broc- 
coli 


Brus- 
sels 
sprouts 


Cab- 
bage 


Car- 
rots 


Kale 


Lettuce 

and 
escarole 


Green 
peas (un- 
shelled) 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 3 


Lb. 

12.9 

13.4 

12.3 

12.6 

11.9 

12.8 

12.6 

12.6 

12.7 

12.0 

12.1 

12.1 

12.4 

12.4 

12.0 

12.1 


Lb. 

0.2 
.2 
.2 

2 

.2 
.2 
.2 
.3 
.2 
.2 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.4 
.3 
.3 


Lb. 
0.7 

.7 
.7 
.8 
.8 
.7 
.7 
.6 
.6 
.6 
.5 
.6 
.4 
.4 
.5 
.4 


Lb. 

0.4 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.4 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.2 
.2 
.2 


Lb. 
3.3 
3.3 
2.8 
2.9 
2.6 
2.5 
2.6 
2.5 
2.3 
2.2 
2.1 
2.0 
1.9 
2.0 
1.8 
1.8 


Lb. 

0.6 
.5 
.5 
.5 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.3 
.4 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.4 
.3 


Lb 



( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 


1 


Lb. 

12.5 

11.1 

11.8 

10.9 

10.8 

10.2 

10.4 

9.8 

9.9 

9.8 

9.6 

9.0 

9.1 

9.2 

9.3 

9.0 


Lb. 
7.7 
7.5 
7.8 
7.4 
7.3 
7.1 
7.3 
6.8 
7.0 
7.3 
6.9 
7.0 
6.5 
6.6 
7.2 
6.8 


Lb. 

0.2 
.2 
.2 
.2 
.2 
.2 
.1 
.2 

( 4 ) 


Lb. 
19.6 
20.6 
21.6 
20.8 
20.1 
19.9 
20.0 
20.3 
20.5 
21.3 
21.0 
21.6 
21.5 
21.8 
22.2 
22.2 


Lb. 
0.4 
.4 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.2 
.2 
.2 

( 4 ) 





Leafy, green, and yellow 
vegetables — Continued 


Other vegetables 


Year 


Pep- 
pers 


Spin- 
ach 


Minor 


Total 


Beets 


Cauli- 
flower 


Celery 


Corn 


Cu- 
cum- 
bers 


Egg- 
plant 


Garlic 


Onions 

and 
shallots 5 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 3 


Lb. 
2.1 
2.2 
2.1 
2.3 
2.1 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 
2.3 
2.5 
2.3 
2.3 
2.4 
2.6 
2.7 
2.6 


Lb. 

1.1 

1.0 

1.1 

1.0 

1.1 

1.0 

.9 

.8 

.7 

.7 

.6 

.7 

.6 

.6 

.5 

.4 


Lb. 
5.1 
3.6 
5.0 
5.5 
5.4 
4.6 
5.9 
6.2 
5.3 
5.1 
4.8 
4.6 
3.9 
3.6 
3.9 
4.3 


Lb. 

54.0 

51.7 

54.5 

53.2 

51.7 

49.8 

51.7 

51.1 

49.9 

50.9 

49.2 

49.2 

47.5 

48.1 

49.3 

48.1 


LI 


(4 


). 

8 
8 
8 
8 

7 
7 
6 
6 
5 
5 
5 
4 
4 
4 
) 


Lb. 
1.3 
1.4 
1.5 
1.5 
1.4 
1.1 
1.3 
1.1 
1.2 
1.1 
1.0 
1.0 
1.0 

.9 
1.0 

.9 


Lb. 
8.6 
8.8 
8.6 
8.4 
7.8 
7.9 
8.0 
7.7 
7.2 
6.9 
6.8 
6.7 
6.8 
6.7 
7.0 
7.1 


Lb. 
8.5 
8.2 
7.9 
7.7 
8.4 
8.8 
8.5 
8.4 
8.3 
8.1 
7.7 
8.0 
7.3 
7.9 
7.4 
7.4 


Lb. 
2.8 
2.9 
2.8 
3.1 
2.8 
2.6 
2.9 
3.0 
2.7 
3.1 
3.0 
3.1 
2.9 
3.1 
3.0 
3.4 


Lb. 
0.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.5 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.5 


Lb. 
0.3 
.3 
.3 
.2 
.3 
.3 
.4 
.3 
.2 
.3 
.4 
.4 
.3 
.4 
.4 
.5 


Lb. 
11. 1 
10.9 
11.4 
11.8 
11.7 
11.5 
12.3 
11.5 
11.7 
11.9 
11.4 
11.4 
11.5 
12.1 
12.1 
12.3 



Year 


Other vegeta- 
bles — Continued 


Total 

vege- 
tables 


Melons 


Total 

vege- 
tables 
and 
melons 


Pota- 
toes 

( 6 ) 


Sweet- 
pota- 
toes 


Dry 

edible 
beans 


Drv 
field 




Minor 


Total 


Water- 
melons 


Canta- 
loups 


Total 
melons 


peas 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 s 


Lb. 
6.5 
6.4 
6.5 
6.7 
6.6 
6.4 
7.0 
7.0 
6.4 
6.0 
5.9 
5.6 
5.3 
5.4 
5.2 
5.3 


Lb. 
40.3 
40.1 
40.2 
40.6 
40.1 
39.7 
41.5 
40.0 
38.7 
38.3 
37.2 
37.1 
35.9 
37.3 
37.0 
37.4 


Lb. 
107.2 
105.2 
107.0 
106.4 
103.7 
102.3 
105.8 
103.7 
101.3 
101.2 
98.5 
98.4 
95.8 
97.8 
98.3 
97.6 


Lb. 

19.3 

20.2 

18.4 

16.6 

18.2 

15.9 

17.2 

16.3 

14.6 

15.8 

14.8 

15.7 

14.6 

14.2 

14.0 

13.6 


Lb. 
9.7 
9.4 
9.0 
7.8 
8.2 
8.6 
8.6 
8.5 
8.5 
8.7 
8.2 
7.9 
7.3 
8.1 
8.3 
8.8 


Lb. 

29.0 

29.6 

27.4 

24.4 

26.4 

24.5 

25.8 

24.8 

23.1 

24.5 

23.0 

23.6 

21.9 

22 3 

22.3 

22.4 


Lb. 

136.2 

134.8 

134.4 

130.8 

130.1 

126.8 

131.6 

128.5 

124.4 

125.7 

121.5 

122.0 

117.7 

120.1 

120.6 

120.0 


Lb. 
107 
109 
103 
109 
105 
107 
108 
109 
107 
111 
111 
108 
113 
111 
116 
116 


Lb. 
8.8 
9.3 
8.7 
8.5 
7.8 
8.7 
7.1 
6.5 
6.7 
6.9 
5 5 
6.2 
6.3 
5.8 
5.7 
5.8 


Lb. 
8.0 
7.5 
8.0 
7.6 
7.7 
7.7 
7.3 
7.9 
7.6 
7.5 
7.6 
8.6 
6.3 
6.9 
6.3 
6.7 


Lb. 
0.6 
.5 
.7 
.6 
.4 
.8 
.6 
.3 
.8 
.7 
.6 
.6 
.2 
.1 
.1 
.3 



See footnotes on page 198. 



CANNED VEGETABLE PACKS 201 

Table 291.— Vegetables, canned: United States pack of selected items, 1960-69 



Season 


Aspara- 
gus 


Beans, 
lima 


Beans, 
snap 


Beets 


Carrots 


Sweet 
corn 


Peas, 
green 


Pickles » 


Pimien- 
tos 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


1,000 
cases 2 
7,971 
8,357 
9,053 
9,263 
8,217 
7,208 
7,896 
6,638 
6,925 


1,000 
cases 2 
3,754 
4,250 
3,615 
3,089 
2,213 
2,981 
3,531 
3,963 
3,818 
3,596 


1,000 

cases 2 

33,154 

40,163 

36,866 

37,667 

37,359 

45,627 

40,536 

53,173 

51,842 

47,456 


1,000 
cases 2 
8,785 
10,981 
12,051 
13,114 
10,311 
10,069 
11,584 
12,409 
14,323 
11,562 


1,000 
cases 2 
5,530 
3,514 
5,140 
5,223 
4,611 
4,753 
5,838 
7,342 
4,726 
5,490 


1,000 

cases 2 

35,276 

46,167 

45,744 

44,152 

37,551 

39,116 

45,525 

49,268 

59,278 

49,387 


1,000 

cases 2 

28,714 

32,399 

33,725 

33,588 

30,045 

37.585 

31,856 

37,692 

36,231 

32,071 


1,000 

cases 2 

33,740 

42,242 

42,641 

50,915 

47,688 

49,455 

59,802 

66,712 

62,120 

56,890 


1,000 

cases 2 

904 

1,198 

291 

392 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


686 
827 
675 
761 
848 


1969 3 


876 









Season 


Pumpkin 

and 
squash 


Sauer- 
kraut ' 


Spinach 


Tomatoes 


Tomato 
catsup 

and chili 
sauce 


Tomato 
juice 4 


Tomato 

pulp and 

puree 


Tomato 

paste and 

sauce 


Total of 
these 
items 


1960 


1,000 
cases 2 
4,973 
4,339 
4,807 
4,015 
3,799 
3,854 
4,553 
4,592 
4,551 
5,244 


1,000 
cases 2 
12,963 
12,424 
11,916 
10,889 
8,794 
12,901 
9,696 
14,747 
12,517 
12,039 


1,000 
cases 2 
7,797 
7,708 
7,266 
8,031 
7,641 
6,395 
6,954 
7,409 
7,990 


1,000 

cases 2 

30,991 

34,034 

35,541 

33,041 

36,431 

36,015 

32,662 

39,127 


1,000 

cases 2 

29,996 

29,656 

38,663 

29,790 

34,018 

35,629 

37,448 

39,427 


1,000 

cases 2 

40,282 

38,545 

48,993 

42,114 

43,067 

40,047 

38,907 

42,815 


1,000 
cases 2 
5,393 
6,957 
8,137 
5,422 
5,929 
6,484 
7,349 
8,775 


1,000 
cases 2 
25,788 


1,000 
cases 2 
316,011 


1961. 


322,934 


1962 




344,449 


1963 




330,705 


1964 




318,360 


1965 




338,946 


1966 




344,812 


1967 

1968 




394,850 
265,169 


1969 3 












224,611 



















1 Total crop for processing converted to a canned basis by applying factors (case3 of 24 No. 303 cans per ton, 
farm weight): Cucumbers for pickles, 83 cases for 1954, 112 cases for 1964, and interim years interpolated; 
cabbage for kraut, 65.9 cases for 1954, 54.0 cases for 1964, and interim years interpolated. 

2 Equivalent cases of 24 No. 303 cans. 
s Preliminary. 

4 Includes combination vegetable juices containing at least 70 percent tomato juice. 



Economic Research Service. Compiled mainly from reports of the National Canners Association. 
1954-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1968, table 290. 



Data for 



202 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 292. — Vegetables, canned: Civilian per capita consumption (processed basis, net 
canned weight), United States, 1954-69 x 





Leafy, green, and yellow vegetables 


Tomato products 


Year 


Aspar- 
agus 


Lima 
beans 


Snap 
beans 


Carrots 


Peas 


Pump- 
kin 
and 

squash 


Spinach 


Whole 
toma- 
toes 


Catsup 
and 
chili 

sauce 


Paste 
and 

sauce 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 


Lb 



8 

8 
8 
8 
8 
7 
8 
8 
7 
7 
8 
7 
7 
7 
7 


Lb. 
0.5 
.5 
.5 
.5 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.3 
.2 
.4 
.3 
.4 


Lb. 

3.6 
4.0 
4.1 
3.9 
4.2 
4.2 
4.2 
4.3 
4.5 
4.4 
4.8 
4.8 
5.1 
5.1 
5.5 
5.7 


Lb. 
0.4 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.5 
.5 
.6 
.5 
.6 
.6 
.6 
.6 

17 

.6 
.6 


Lb. 
4.9 
4.8 
4.9 
4.8 
4.7 
4.9 
4.4 
4.4 
4.1 
4.1 
4.1 
4.1 
4.2 
4.1 
4.2 
4.1 


Lb. 

0.7 
.7 
.7 
.7 
.6 
.6 
.7 
.6 
.6 
.5 
.6 
.5 
.5 
.5 
.6 
.5 


Lb. 

0.7 
.9 

1.0 
.9 

1.0 

1.0 
.9 
.8 

1.0 
.9 
.8 
.8 
.7 
.7 
.8 
.8 


Lb. 

4.6 
4.5 
4.6 
4.6 
4.6 
4.6 
4.6 
4.8 
4.6 
4.6 
4.4 
4.4 
4.5 
4.6 
4.6 
4.6 


Lb. 

2.8 
3.0 
3.1 
3.3 
3.5 
3.6 
3.8 
3.9 
4.1 
4.3 
4.6 
5.0 
4.8 
4.7 
4.8 
4.9 


Lb. 
2.7 
3.3 
3.3 
3 2 


1958 

1959 

1960 


3.4 
3.5 

3 8 


1961 


3 7 


1962 

1963 


3.9 
3 9 


1964 

1965 


3.9 
3 9 


1966 


4 2 


1967 


5.0 


1968 


4 7 


1969 2 


5 













Tomato products 


Other vegetables 


Sweet- 
potatoes 


Other 4 




Year 


Pulp 
and 
puree 


Tomato 

and 

vegetable 

juices 3 


Beets 


Corn 


Pickles 


Sauer- 
kraut 


Total 


1954 

1955 


Lb. 
0.5 

[9 

.7 

.7 

.7 

.7 

.8 

.8 

.8 

.8 

.8 

1.0 

1.0 

1.0 

1.0 


Lb. 
5.1 
4.8 
4.6 
5.3 
4.7 
5.1 
4.7 
4.6 
4.7 
5.4 
4.5 
4.7 
4.4 
4.2 
4.5 
4.5 


Lb. 

1.4 
1.3 
1.5 
1.4 
1.4 
1.4 
1.3 
1.3 
1.4 
1.5 
1.4 
1.4 
1.4 
1.4 
1.3 
1.5 


Lb. 

5.2 
5.3 
5.3 
5.4 
5.4 
5.1 
5.3 
4.9 
5.5 
5.6 
5.6 
5.5 
5.2 
5.4 
5.7 
6.1 


Lb. 

3.9 
3.9 
3.9 
4.2 
4.6 
4.6 
4.5 
4.9 
5.6 
5.7 
6.2 
6.2 
6.8 
7.2 
7.6 
7.5 


Lb: 

2.0 
1.9 
1.9 
1.5 
- 1.7 
1.5 
1:5 
1.5 
1.4 
1.4 
1.2 
1.4 
1.4 
1.4 
1.6 
1.5 


Lb. 

0.6 

.8 

.8 

.8 

1.1 

1.2 

.9 

1.0 

1.3 

1.1 

1.0 

1.3 

1.1 

1.1 

1.3 

1.3 


Lb. 
1.5 
1.9 
1.6 
1.7 
1.7 
1.5 
1.7 
1.8 
1.5 
1.5 
1.5 
2.1 
2.1 
2.2 
2.2 
2.2 


Lb. 
41.9 
43.4 


1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


43.9 
44.1 
45.0 
45.2 


1960 


44.7 


1961 

1962 

1963 


45.0 
46.8 
47.4 


1964 


47.1 


1965 

1966 

1967 


48.6 
49.0 
50.4 


1968 

1969 2 


52.0 

52.9 



1 Excludes soups and baby food. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Based on information available for 1944-46, tomato juice comprises approximately 85 percent of the total, 
combination vegetable juices 13 percent, and other vegetable juices 2 percent. Combination vegetable juice 
contains approximately 70 percent or more tomato juice. 

4 Includes miscellaneous greens, pimientos, potatoes, mixed vegetables, and all items for which no separate 
data are available. 



Economic Research Service. Data for 1919-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 293. 



FROZEN VEGETABLE PACKS 203 

Table 293. — Vegetables, frozen: Commercial pack, United States, 1960-69 



Commodity 



1960 



1961 



1963 



1967 



Asparagus 

Beans, butter 1 

Beans, green, regular cut . . 
Beans, green, French cut. . 

Beans, green, wax 

Beans, green, Italian * 

Beans, whole x 

Bean, baby lima 

Beans, lima, Fordhook .... 

Broccoli 

Brussels sprouts 

Carrots 

Cauliflower 

Celery 2 

Collards l 

Corn , cut 

Corn-on-cob 

Kale 

Mixed vegetables 3 

Mustard greens 1 

Okra 

Onions 2 

Peas, blackeye 

Peas, green 

Peas and carrots 3 

Potato products 

Pumpkin and cooked 

squash 

Rhubarb 

Spinach 

Summer sq uash l 

Succotash 3 

Sweetpotatoes and yams l .. 

Turnip greens 

Turnip greens with 

turnips 2 

Miscellaneous vegetables . . . 

Total 



1,000 
pounds 
40,026 



86,859 
61,893 
10,937 



79,535 
68,022 
128,210 
39,261 
72,100 
48,742 



1,000 

pounds 

34,157 

14,448 

96,335 

69,961 

9,531 

9,695 

3,960 

89,883 

70,053 

121,636 

40,057 

60,271 

41,117 



1,000 

pounds 

30,810 

13,885 

90,929 

60,073 

6,256 

15,281 

3,366 

81,592 

68,991 

111,450 

40,334 

79,422 

37,805 



1,000 

pounds 

30,315 

8,538 

90,970 

63,649 

5,018 

8,860 

1,701 

61,707 

56,000 

135,334 

42,272 

69,772 

40,677 



1,000 



130,460 

11,360 

4,547 

46,095 



17,954 



10,841 

168,960 

12,000 

5,583 
54,691 

5,406 
24,754 



7,589 
163,456 
16,873 

3,565 
62,328 

6,742 
23,084 



168,156 
11,748 

4,789 
50,950 

6,113 
21,144 



16,678 
295,227 

27,883 
551,392 

23,447 

7,165 

118,595 



7,385 
17' 150 



18,683 
346,069 

31,757 
579,162 

15,894 
6,630 
116,504 
5,926 
9,156 
8,027 

15,638 



18,380 
356,856 

23,609 
761,608 

12,101 
6,327 

97,291 
8,022 
6,722 
9,934 

18,743 



15,639 
344,784 

16,158 
861,537 

12,190 
5,520 
119,768 
8,881 
4,956 
7,986 

14,232 



47, ( 



19,256 



20,692 



24,164 



31,054 

11,548 
108,614 

60,680 
6,044 
7,620 
4,500 

60,823 

55,665 
129,817 

47,476 

63,947 

43,596 

1,216 

9,002 

159,846 

27,757 
4,013 

48,179 
8,287 

35,451 
7,297 

23,452 
336,931 

21,860 
1,117,883 

11,243 
5,758 
126,957 
6,316 
4,254 
12,333 
20,575 

1,751 
17,455 



1,000 

pounds 

30,867 

18,515 

112,476 

61,716 

7,751 

4,560 

3,026 

81,425 

64,102 

122,310 

37,339 

109,538 

46,211 

2,528 

12,301 

222,185 

40,337 

4,322 



1,000 

pounds 

34,532 

15,061 

136,357 

77,748 

6,944 

6,918 

3,809 

89,893 

62,224 

158,586 

51,698 

131,127 

53,985 

4,938 

12,277 

300,165 

44,241 

4,623 



1,000 

pounds 

32,460 

18,223 

147,552 

70,219 

7,113 

6,345 

7,077 

85,687 

75,578 

166,731 

39,479 

133,337 

50,971 

3,745 

13,795 

316,100 

43,973 

5,459 



1,000 

pounds 

34,355 

10,078 

138,506 

65,504 

6,533 

7,073 

3,900 

84,579 

80,958 

172,959 

49,024 

162,282 

67,566 

2,246 

17,897 

334,549 

76,358 

4,721 



1,000 

pounds 

23,033 

7,847 

117,800 

61,953 

5,415 

7,618 

5,013 

82,562 

60,013 

153,784 

40,083 

150,945 

69,744 

3,415 

18,408 

289,268 

73,914 

4,762 



7,860 

30,365 

15,794 

26,037 

443,289 



8,428 

38,327 

18,572 

29,780 

375,360 



10,520 
47,465 
23,973 
44,236 
424,246 



11,914 
30,485 
34,621 
25,579 
429,352 



10,351 
38,250 
37,881 
20,647 
367,323 



1,218,529 

17,390 

5,801 

122,264 

10,987 



1,459,633 



6,690 
142,931 
11,990 



1,490,809 

23,298 

6,846 

153,228 

10,467 



1,736,055 

24,672 

6,176 

153,960 

12,832 



2,048,408 

26,091 

7,599 

107,182 

17,318 



9,353 
20,971 



1,295 
21,664 



10,506 
20,442 



6,651 
20,453 



6,153 
25,123 



6,722 
10,695 



9,564 
20,622 



13,347 
29,573 



12,854 
19,873 



10,520 
15,357 



621 2,116,041 2,264,116 2,322,376 2,639,200 2,933,108 3,364,386 3,507,625 3,857,840 3,915,231 



See footnotes on page 204. 



Table 294. — Vegetables, frozen: Commercial pack, by kinds and regions, United 

States, 1969 



Commodity 


East 

and 

South 1 


Mid- 
west 2 


West 3 


Total 


Commodity 


East 

and 

South * 


Mid- 
west 2 


West 3 


Total 




1,000 
pounds 
(<) 2,885 
1,295 

44,400 

4 27,624 
5 5,415 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
20,148 
6,552 

64,469 

34,329 


1,000 
pounds 
23,033 

7,847 

117,800 

61,953 
5,415 

7,618 
5,013 

82,562 

60,013 
153,784 

40,083 
150,945 

69,744 
3,415 

18,408 
289,268 

73,914 


Kale 

Mustard greens. . 

Okra 

Onions 

Peas, blackeye . . . 

Peas, green 

Potato products . . 
Pumpkin and 

cooked squash . 

Rhubarb 

Spinach 

Squash, summer . 
Sweetpotatoes 

and yams 

Turnip greens... . 
Turnip greens 

with turnips . . . 
Miscellaneous 

vegetables 

Total 


1,000 
pounds 

5 4,762 
M0, 351 

38,250 
8 37,881 

20,647 

54,308 
6 528,661 

•12,036 
•1,621 
26,202 

7 17,318 

12,854 
M9.873 

10,520 

9 3,117 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 
4,762 










10,351 




8,931 






38,250 








37,881 








20,647 




43,119 


269,896 
1,519,747 

14,055 

5,978 
80,980 


367,323 






2,048,408 


Beans, green, 




4 7,618 
5,013 

47,752 

4 60,013 

4 153,784 

M0, 083 

118,257 

55,554 

7 3,415 




26,091 










7,599 




27,751 


7,059 




107,182 


lima 




17,318 


Beans, lima, 






12,854 












19,873 














Carrots 


6 32,688 
M4.190 




10,520 






9 1,336 


M0, 904 




Celery 




15,357 




M8.408 

24,514 

c 22,694 






Corn, cut 


72,601 


192,153 
51,220 


1,020,265 


133,046 


2,761,920 


3,915,231 









See footnotes on page 204. 



204 

Table 295. 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 

-Vegetables, frozen: Civilian per capita consumption (processed weight 
basis), United States, 1954-69 









Leafy, 


green, and yellow vegetables 






Year 


Asparagus 


Snap beans 


Lima beans 


Carrots 


Peas 


Peas 

and 

carrols x 


Pumpkin 

and 

squash 


Broccoli 


1954 


Lb. 
0.17 
.16 
.17 
.16 
.15 
.19 
.21 
.16 
.18 
.16 
.17 
.15 
.16 
.17 
.16 
.15 


Lb. 

0.64 
.66 
.72 
.73 
.79 
.80 
.76 
.72 
.81 
.87 
.84 
.91 

1.05 
.90 

1.00 
.96 


Lb. 
0.66 
.72 
.75 
.73 
.72 
.69 
.73 
.67 
.71 
.70 
.72 
.69 
.70 
.73 
.74 
.63 


Lb. 
0.17 
.21 
.15 
.26 
.26 
.27 
.35 
.33 
.39 
.34 
.42 
.51 
.55 
.65 
.72 
.72 


Lb. 
1.40 
1.34 
1.50 
1.58 
1.64 
1.61 
1.75 
1.64 
1.83 
1.78 
1.81 
1.98 
2.05 
1.87 
2.07 
1.78 


Lb. 
0.11 

.10 
.08 
.12 
.11 
.14 


Lb. 

0.09 
.09 
.10 
.12 
.09 
.10 
.11 
.11 
.07 
.05 
.07 
.07 
.10 
.10 
.12 
.13 


Lb. 
0.47 


1955 


.54 


1956 

1957 


.54 
.50 


1958 

1959 

I960 


.56 
.59 

.63 


1961 

1962 


.59 

.62 


1963 




.59 


1964 




.66 


1965 




68 


1966 




.71 


1967 




.77 


1968 


.78 


1969 2 




.83 









Leafy, green, and yellow 
vegetables — Continued 


Other vegetables 


Rhubarb 


Potato 
products 




Year 


Brussels 
sprouts 


Spinach 


Other 3 


Cauli- 
flower 


Corn, 
cut 
basis 


Succo- 
tash 1 


Total 


1954 


Lb. 
0.16 
.17 
.20 
.19 
.17 
.20 
.19 
.19 
.20 
.20 
.22 
.22 
.20 
.19 
.18 
.23 


Lb. 
0.51 
.57 
.56 
.53 
.55 
.62 
.55 
.57 
.56 
.57 
.62 
.62 
.68 
.70 
.70 
.67 


Lb. 

0.36 

.54 

.39 

.51 

.64 

.67 

.84 

1.03 

.97 

.80 

.88 

.88 

1.07 

1.07 

1.24 

1.21 


Lb. 
0.17 
.19 
.19 
.15 
.17 
.20 
.19 
.19 
.22 
.19 
.20 
.20 
.25 
.25 
.26 
.29 


Lb. 

0.43 

.51 

.66 

.59 

.69 

.68 

.64 

.70 

.85 

.88 

.96 

1.13 

1.25 

1.60 

1.58 

1.44 


Lb. 
0.07 
.06 
.03 
.07 
.06 
.05 


Lb. 
0.05 
.04 
.02 
.04 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.04 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.04 
.04 


Lb. 
0.44 
.74 
1.20 
1.21 
1.44 
2.04 
2.68 
2.80 
3.82 
4.43 
5.85 
5.71 
6.92 
7.57 
8.51 
9.81 


Lb. 
5.90 


1955 

1956 


6.64 
7.26 


1957 


7.49 


1958 


8.07 


1959 


8.88 


1960 


9.66 


1961 


9.74 


1962 


11.26 


1963 




11.59 


1964 




13.45 


1965 


13.78 


1966 


15.72 


1967 




16.60 


1968 

1969 2 




18.10 
18.89 









1 Included with "Other," beginning 1960. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Included with leafy, green, and yellow vegetables because most items are considered to be greens. 
Economic Research Service. Data for 1937-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 296. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 293 

1 Included in "Miscellaneous vegetables" prior to 1961. 

2 Included in "Miscellaneous vegetables" prior to 1964. 

3 Beginning 1965, reported by components which represent first freezing. 
Economic Research Service. Data from American Frozen ,Food Institute. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 294 

1 Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, 
Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Ten- 
nessee, Texas, and Virginia. 

2 Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. 

3 California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. 

4 Includes small packs in other regions. 

5 East, South, and West. 

6 East, South, and Midwest. 

7 South and West. 

8 East, South, Midwest, and West. 

9 Regional packs not reported; allocated on basis of aggregate packs of other items. 
Economic Research Service. Data from American Frozen Food Institute. 



VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION; FROZEN VEGETABLE STOCKS 205 

Table 296. — Commercially produced vegetables: Civilian per capita consumption, 

United States, 1954-69 





Fresh equivalent 


As percentage of annual total 


Year 


Total 

fresh 

and 

processed 


Fresh 1 


Processed 2 


Fresh 


Processed 




Total 


Canned 


Frozen 


Total 


Canned 


Frozen 


1954 


Pounds 
196.2 
198.5 
201.5 
201.0 
199.9 
198.4 
202.4 
199.8 
200.9 
201.4 
198.2 
200.9 
201.3 
208.7 
212.0 
211.7 


Pounds 
107.2 
105.2 
107.0 
106.4 
103.7 
102.3 
105.8 
103.7 
101.3 
101.2 
98.5 
98.4 
95.8 
97.8 
98.3 
97.6 


Pounds 
890 
93.3 
94.5 
94.6 
96.2 
96.1 
96.6 
96.1 
99.6 
100.2 
99.7 
102.5 
105.5 
110.9 
113.7 
114.1 


Pounds 
76.8 
80.2 
80.9 
80.6 
81.5 
81.2 
81.7 
81.3 
83.6 
84.8 
83.5 
85.1 
86.6 
91.0 
92.7 
94.6 


Pounds 
12.2 
13.1 
13.6 
14.0 
14.7 
14.9 
14.9 
14.8 
16.0 
15.4 
16.2 
17.4 
18.9 
19.9 
21.0 
19.5 


Percent 
54.6 
53.0 
53.1 
52.9 
51.9 
51.6 
52.3 
51.9 
50.4 
50.2 
49.7 
49.0 
47.6 
46.9 
46.4 
46.1 


Percent 
45.4 
47.0 
46.9 
47.1 
48.1 
48.4 
47.7 
48.1 
49.6 
49.8 
50.3 
51.0 
52.4 
53.1 
53.6 
53.9 


Percent 
39.2 
40.4 
40.1 
40.1 
40.8 
40.9 
40.4 
40.7 
41.6 
42.1 
42.1 
42.4 
43.0 
43.6 
43.7 
44.7 


Percent 
6.2 


1955 


6 6 


1956 

1957 

1958.... 

1959 

1960 

1961 


6.8 
7.0 
7.3 
7.5 
7.3 
7.4 


1962 


8.0 


1963 

1964 

1965 


7.7 
8.2 
8 6 


1966. . . 


9.4 


1967 


9.5 


1968 


9 9 


1969 3 


9.2 



1 See table 290 for items included. Excludes melons. 

2 See tables 292 and 295 for items included. Data include pickles and sauerkraut in bulk; exclude canned 
and frozen potatoes, canned sweetpotatoes, canned baby foods, and canned soups. 

3 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1937-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 297. 



Table 297. — Frozen vegetables: Cold-storage carryover stocks, United States, 1960-69 



Year 



1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



Aspara- 
gus 

(May 1) 



1,000 
pounds 
12,804 
15,337 
17,644 
15,514 
11,786 
10,752 
14,960 
11,940 
18,870 
15,184 



Lima 

beans 

(Aug. 1) 



1,000 
pounds 
18,751 
33,772 
54,792 
71,543 
46,987 
24,856 
24,705 
31,570 
50,735 
66,259 



Snap 
beans 
(July 1) 



1,000 
pounds 
27,135 
38,397 
62,011 
44,803 
50,778 
52,112 
40,627 
48,234 
78,654 
90,127 



Broccoli 

(Sept. 1) 



1,000 



25,266 
41,169 
24,674 
37,826 
44,046 
29,468 
33,771 
50,068 
69,896 
35,837 



sprouts 
(Sept. 1) 



1,000 



6,392 
10,538 
11,301 

9,920 
10,903 
10,217 
12,375 
17,345 
17,387 
14,705 



Cauli- 
flower 

(Sept. 1) 



1,000 
pounds 

9,875 
18,789 
12,946 

9,268 
13,825 

9,778 
15,841 
13,281 
15,648 
25,503 



Sweet 
corn 

(Aug. 1) 



1,000 
pounds 
18,355 
29,498 
49,806 
50,490 
39,547 
21,433 
30,065 
46,058 
67,711 
110,603 



Green 

peas 

(June 1) 



1,000 
pounds 
77,756 
74,589 
86,350 
98,934 
100,694 
97,526 
113,526 
100,529 
124,341 
147,012 



Spinach 
(Mar. 1) 



1,000 

pounds 
28,149 
37,312 
38,912 
25,556 
35,147 
38,222 
30,354 
34,676 
42,732 
41,757 



Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 298. 



206 



VEGETABLES AND MELONS, 1970 



Table 298. — Vegetables, canned: Canners' and, distributors' stocks, beginning of 
season, United States, 1967-69 



Commodity 


Season 
beginning — 


Canners' stocks Distributors' stocks • 




1967 


1968 


1969 


1967 


1968 


1969 


Asparagus 


March 

August 

July 


1,000 

cases 2 

1,538 

263 

4,132 

1,943 

1,634 

1,191 

3,407 

574 

1,373 

3,019 

5,317 

12,206 


1,000 

cases 2 

1,386 

784 

9,651 

2,161 

1,758 

3,993 

5,813 

563 

2,745 

5,611 

6,797 

13,907 


1,000 

cases 2 
1,697 
1.053 

11,111 
3,982 
1,975 
9,606 
7,416 
697 
2,200 

10,507 
8.424 
( s ) 


1,000 

cases 2 
614 
443 


1,000 
cases 2 
647 
4.5 fi 


1,000 

cases 2 
( s ) 
461 




2,755 3.125 
936 936 

540 ' 57fi 


3,273 
1,067 


Beets 


July 




July 

August 

June 

July 


577 


Corn 

Peas, green 


3,069 
2,874 
381 
508 
2,869 
1,898 
3,047 


3.540 
2.970 
321 
533 
2.656 
1,992 
3,029 


4,078 

2,877 

313 


Sauerkraut 4 

Tomatoes 

Tomato juice 

Tomato catsup and chili sauce 


August 

July 

July 

July 


554 
( 3 ) 
( s ) 




36,597 


55,169 


(S) 19.834 


20,781 








----- 







1 Data for asparagus, lima beans, sweet corn, and sauerkraut are either estimates or interpolations. 

2 Actual cases. 

3 Not available. 

4 Canners' stocks of sauerkraut converted to cases by using a factor of 14 cases of 24 ; 2's per barrel (of 
45 gallons). 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled mainly from reports of the National Canners Association, the 
Canners League of California, the National Kraut Packers Association, and the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



CHAPTER V 

STATISTICS OF FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE 

CROPS 

Fruit production was defined, beginning with the 1969 crop, as the quantity sold 
or utilized. Production under this definition is comparable with the "production 
having value" series carried in earlier editions of Agricultural Statistics. Addi- 
tional quantities of fruit left unharvested or culled from harvested fruit because 
of economic conditions are shown in the tables or footnotes. Losses from natural 
causes, such as windstorms, freezes, etc., are not included in production. Production 
relates to the crop produced on all farms, except for apples and strawberries. In 
accordance with Congressional enactment, the Department's estimates of apple 
production since 1938 have related only to the crop in commercial areas. The 
estimates for strawberries cover production on acreage grown primarily for sale. 

The annual estimates are checked and adjusted at the end of each marketing sea- 
son on the basis of shipment and processing records from transportation agencies, 
processors, cooperative marketing associations, and other industry organizations. 
The estimates are reviewed (and revised if necessary) at 5-year intervals, when the 
Census of Agriculture data become available. The Department's available statis- 
tics are limited to the major tree fruits and nuts and to grapes, cranberries, and 
strawberries, and exclude some States where census data indicate production is of 
only minor importance. 

The table on citrus fruits season average price per box and total sales at principal 
auction markets was dropped as the data series was discontinued. The table on 
grape sales of selected varieties at eastern and midwestern auctions was also 
dropped following the recent decline in volume. 



Table 299 


— Fruits and planted nuts: Bearing acreage 


, United States, 1954 


-69 


Year 


Citrus 
fruits \ 


Major 
decid- 
uous 
fruits 2 


Minor 

fruits 3 


Planted 
nuts 4 


Fruits 

and 
planted 

nuts 


Year 


Citrus 
fruits 1 


Major 
decid- 
uous 
fruits 2 


Minor 
fruits 3 


Planted 
nuts 4 


Fruits 

and 
planted 

nuts 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


1,000 
acres 
797.1 
822.8 
825.6 
821.1 
777.2 
776.9 
798.0 
806.6 


1,000 
acres 
1,847.8 
1,789.0 
1,736.0 
1,696.2 
1,694.0 
1,694.0 
1,682.2 
1,668.0 


1,000 
acres 
85.1 
86.6 
86.5 
86.8 
88.0 
85.6 
88.2 
88.7 


1,000 
acres 
252.9 
248.3 
244.9 
247.0 
249.8 
250.2 
249.8 
247.8 


1,000 

acres 
2,982.9 
2,946.7 
2,893.0 
2,851.1 
2,809.0 
2,806.7 
2,818.2 
2,811.1 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 .... 


1,000 
acres 
838.4 
775.4 
781.4 
831.6 
876.9 
938.5 
1,002.0 
1,066.4 


1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 

1 


,000 
acres 
676.6 
668.7 
668.7 
669.7 
655.7 
652.3 
660.3 
656.4 


1,000 
acres 
89.0 
89.3 
90.2 
86.2 
84.2 
83.4 
81.5 
81.5 


1,000 
acres 
250.6 
252.5 
259.6 
263.2 
272.5 
284.4 
292.3 
302.1 


1,000 
acres 
2,854.6 
2,785.9 
2,799.9 
2,850.7 
2,889.3 
2,958.6 
3,036.1 
3,106.4 



1 Oranges, tangelos, tangerines, temples, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. Acreage is for the year of harvest; 
previous publications data were for the year of bloom. 

2 Commercial apples, peaches, pears, grapes, cherries, plums, prunes, and apricots. 

3 Nectarines, figs, olives, avocados, dates, persimmons, and pomegranates. 

4 Walnuts, almonds, and filberts. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 300. 



207 



208 FRUITS. TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS. 1970 

Table 300. — Fruits: Production in tons. United States, 1954-69 : 




Cherries Plums 



(fresh 



tirir.es 



3,471 

4.32' 
5.735 



24(1 

21$ 



344 



:.;•;■:■ 


1,000 








ton* 


:.-•-. • 








3 5- _ 


160 


>* 


50 


ly 


- 424 


27$ 


88 


36 


24 


1 5S( 


:- 


87 


70 


19 


5 4* 


1>6 


rs 


37 


36 


: 2 ng 


ios 


si 


66 


31 


■S3 3 


229 


4 


27 


3P 


461 


237 


60 


66 


44 


: i$ 


171 


63 


44 


54 


543 


165 


71 


52 


51 


4 S3 


.r* 


63 


57 


57 


53 .' 


218 


67 


54 


75 


5v G 


211 


61 


50 


65 


4S1 


192 


6$ 


63 


68 


o, i 


:4> 


42 


14 


55 


52 S 


149 


52 


$6 


74 


4S2 


23: 


55 


70 


5c 



Year 



Avo- 



^:riw- 
Tan- j Cran- berries. 

gelos Temples berries eom- 



ftmfcs 



1954 


565 


1955 


33.4 


1956 


25.5 


1957 


Bfl - 


:^5- 


■55.2 


1959 


76.0 


1960 


37.3 


1961 


56.1 


L962 


51.7 


1983 




1964 


36.7 


1965 


50 - 


1966 


SO 3 


1967 


52 1 


1968 


73.7 


1969* 


46 



,43S 

.511 



S61 
$23 
,385 



.439 

0(>7 




1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

- Estimates of the commercial crop refer to production in commercial apple area* of each State. 1954-58. and 
in orchards of 100 or more bearing-age trees. 1959-69. 

? Beginning with the 1959 crop, plums and prunes combined. 
* Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics. 1967. table 301. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 303 

1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere coun- 
tries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus the crop harvested 
in the Northern Hemisphere in 1968 is combined with preliminary- forecasts for the Southern Hemisphere 
harvests which began late in 1968 and ended early inl969. - Preliminary. 3 Basic production data re- 

ported in units other than bushels converted to 42-pound equivalents. 4 Commercial crop. 5 May in- 

clude some cider apples. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign govern- 
ments, other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, re- 
suits of orfice research, and related information. 



APPLES 



209 



Table 301. — Apples, commercial crop: 1 Production and season average price per 

pound, by States, 1967-69 





Production 2 




'rice J for crop 


of- 


Area and State 


1967 


1968 


1969 3 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 


Eastern States: 


Million 

pounds 

67.3 

55.4 

48.1 

98.0 

4.5 

44.9 

950.2 

111.3 

359.0 

13.5 

71.3 

363.0 

228.4 

166.1 

4.9 


Million 

pounds 

66.0 

46.0 

36.3 

89.3 

4.8 

47.9 

830.0 

100.5 

390.0 

10.8 

57.5 

413.0 

220.8 

169.8 

8.6 


Million 

pounds 

61.0 

38.0 

38.0 

100.0 

4.0 

48.2 

855.0 

119.7 

525.0 

14.0 

72.0 

472.0 

260.0 

204.0 

8.0 


Cents 
5.40 
6.11 
6.11 
6.09 
6.56 
6.70 
4.80 
5.71 
4.85 
5.27 
6.35 
4.37 
5.22 
4.11 
7.60 


Cents 
7.69 
8.31 
8.50 
7.47 
8.09 
8.20 
6.01 
6.45 
4.63 
4.86 
6.42 
4.82 
5.81 
5.03 
8.29 


Cents 
6.37 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


6.79 
7.75 
6.98 




8.06 




7.85 




4.67 




5.30 




3.65 


Delaware 


5.01 
5.30 


Virginia 


3.80 
4.55 


North Carolina 


4.09 
9.32 






Total 


2,585.9 


2,491.3 


2,818.9 
















Central States: 
Ohio 


101.7 

74.8 

104.9 

555.0 

49.8 

13.0 

10.3 

29.8 

6.8 

16.4 

7.3 

8.5 


130.0 
58.0 
96.6 

555.0 
63.0 
22.4 
15.4 
59.2 
15.9 
19.1 
10.4 
7.1 


147.0 

90.0 

102.9 

720.0 

65.0 

19.1 

15.0 

59.2 

14.4 

20.9 

10.4 

9.1 


6.42 
6.30 
4.99 
5.06 
6.75 
6.26 
7.65 
6.52 
5.99 
5.94 
4.68 
4.96 


6.98 
6.41 
5.85 
5.24 
7.09 
8.62 
7.19 
6.97 
5.22 
6.37 
5.11 
6.15 


6.22 
5.91 


Illinois 


5.38 
3.74 




6.87 




7.09 


Iowa 

Missouri 


7.29 
6.38 
4.62 


Kentucky 


6.00 
4.81 




5.14 


Total 


978.3 


1,052.1 


1,273.0 
















Idaho 

Colorado 


70.6 
22.9 
4.3 
20.9 
1,240.0 
124.0 
348.0 


28.0 
74.0 
36.5 
28.0 
1,025.0 
87.0 
620.0 


134.0 
77.0 
24.9 
42.0 
1,645.0 
167.0 
540.0 


5.06 
6.77 
7.21 
5.35 
7.26 
5.54 
3.99 


7.90 
5.90 
5.24 

6.70 
7.95 
5.79 

4.77 


5.14 
4.17 

5.85 


Utah 


4.05 
3 00 


Oregon 

California 


2.91 
3.23 


Total 


1,830.7 


1,898.5 


2,629.9 


















5,394.9 


5,441.9 


6,721.8 


5.56 


6.11 


4.09 







1 In orchards of 100 or more bearing-age trees. 

2 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruits are as follows (million 
pounds): 1967 — Maine, 4.7; New Hampshire, 0.8; Vermont, 0.7; New York, 4.8; Virginia, 5.0; West Virginia, 
2.1; North Carolina, 6.7; Indiana, 0.8; Wisconsin, 1.7; Kentucky, 1.7; and Utah, 0.9; 1968 — Massachusetts, 
2.7; Virginia, 4.0; North Carolina, 8.2; Minnesota, 0.7; Kentucky, 0.7; and New Mexico, 6.0; 1969— Rhode 
Island, 0.1; Connecticut, 0.4; New Jersey, 17.5; Pennsylvania, 10.0; Delaware, 1.0; Maryland, 2.0; Virginia, 
12.0; West Virginia, 5.0; North Carolina, 19.0; Ohio, 3.0; Illinois, 2.1; Minnesota, 1.9; Kansas. 1,6; Kentucky, 
0.6; Colorado, 3.0; New Mexico, 2.1; Utah, 9.0; and Washington, 20.0. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Fresh fruit prices are equivalent returns at packinghouse door for Washington, Oregon, and California; for 
other States, returns at point of first sale. Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant 
door level. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



210 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 302. — Apples: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1959-69 





Apples, commercial crop l 


Foreign trade, year beginning July 5 


Year 


Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Season 
average 
price 4 


Value 


Domestic exports 


Imports, 




Fresh 


Dried, in 

terms of 

fresh 


Canned, 
in terms 
of fresh 


dried, 
in terms 
of fresh 


1959 


Million 
pounds 


MiUion 
pounds 

6 5,789.3 
5,669.2 
4,912.3 
5,634.8 
5,685.1 
5,720.3 

6 5,775.6 
6,240.3 
5,993.3 
5,646.4 
5,394.9 
5.441.9 
6,721.8 


Cents 
per pound 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1959 

1960. .. 


69.0 
5.2 

61.5 
4.0 

32.3 


3.79 
4.84 
4.15 
4.32 

4.21 


214,690 
237,780 
233,694 
245,851 
241,000 


3,702 

2,660 
4,691 
2,902 
4,210 


1,092 
384 
988 
923 
529 


46 

45 

211 

216 

73 


769 
1 020 


1961 

1962 


90S 
1 707 


1963 


1 652 


1964 




1964 

1965 


79.1 
138.2 
111.3 
30.2 
22.3 
110.3 


4.00 
4.35 
4.48 
5.56 
6.11 
4.09 


249,626 
260,511 
252,080 
299,769 
332,236 
274,717 


4,595 
5,839 
4,098 
2,927 
1,577 


626 
570 
308 
248 
204 


7 74 


947 
703 


1966 




1,445 


1967 

1968 




2,674 
2 244 


1969 8 

















1 In orchards of 100 or more bearing-age trees. 

2 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Fresh fruit prices are equivalent returns at packinghouse door for Washington, Oregon, and California; for 
other States, returns at point of first sale. Beginning 1963, processing prices are equivalent returns at pro- 
cessing plant door. U.S. prices obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

5 Dried and canned are converted to terms of fresh apples on following basis: 1 pound dried is equivalent to 
8 pounds fresh; 1 pound of canned is equivalent to about 2 pounds fresh; 48 pounds fresh equal 1 bushel. No 
re-exports reported. 

6 Census of Agriculture returns of total harvested production of all areas in the United States. 

7 July-December average. No longer reported separately. 

8 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Data for 1934-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 
1967, table 302. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture returns from the Bureau of the Census of harvested 
production. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 303. — Apples, fresh (dessert and cooking) : Production in specified countries, 

1967-69 x 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 4 

Mexico 

United States 4 

Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 4 

Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 4 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 



1 

1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bushels 3 


bushels 3 


bushels 3 


26,242 


21,514 


23,231 


6,666 


6,735 


8,892 


129,169 


130,100 


162,733 


162,077 


158,349 


194,856 


24,650 


22,907 


22,508 


3,412 


3,464 


3,700 


12,913 


11,390 


12,073 


15,747 


9,763 


16,377 


4,467 


4,418 


4,330 


81,360 


96,749 


93,683 


119,342 


82,384 


130,649 


9,367 


10,069 


10,157 


101,396 


101,401 


92,856 


25,615 


17,847 


26,245 


2,583 


3,422 


3,387 



Continent and country 



Europe — Continued 

Spain 

Sweden 4 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom .... 
Yugoslavia 

Total 

Asia: 

Japan 

Lebanon 

Turkey 

Africa: 

South Africa, Repub- 
lic of 

Oceania: 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Total specified 
countries 5 



1967 



1,000 
bushels 2 

15,805 
2,215 
5,483 

15,925 

15,800 



428,018 



59.052 

9,763 

33,594 



11,379 



19,615 
5,858 



757,418 



1,000 
bushels s 

22,471 
2,268 
4,783 

18,533 

15,957 



401,455 



59,629 

8,923 

36,743 

11,136 

20,712 
5,440 



728,758 



1,000 

bushels 3 

20,833 

1,701 

6,605 

20,853 

18,372 



458,121 



56,690 

3,674 

34,119 



20,001 
6,359 



811,361 



See footnotes on page 208. 



APPLES 



211 



Table 304. — Apples, commercial crop: Production and utilization, United States, 

1960-69 





Not 
utilized ' 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Crop of — 


Home 
use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Frozen 


Other 3 


1960 

1961 


Million 

pounds 

5.2 

61.5 

4.0 

32.3 

79.1 

138.2 

111.3 

30.2 

22.3 

110.3 


Million 

pounds 

4,912.3 

5,634.8 

5,685.1 

5,720.3 

6,240.3 

5,993.3 

5,646.4 

5,394.9 

5,441.9 

6,721.8 


Million 
pounds 
51.6 
51.6 
48.2 
41.2 
40.4 
38.9 
36.1 
33.3 
34.7 
36.5 


Million 
pounds 
4.860.7 
5,583.2 
5,636.9 
5,679.1 
6,199.9 
5,954.4 
5,610.3 
5,361.6 
5,407.2 
6,685.3 


Million 
pounds 
3,104.7 
3.397.8 
3,369.0 
3,405.6 
3,528.5 
3,336.0 
3,178.2 
3,135.2 
3,154.7 
3,677.0 


Million 
pounds 
893.2 
1,099.1 
1,111.0 
1,149.9 
1,310.8 
1,308.6 
1,043.2 
1,106.0 
1,174.8 
1,398.3 


Million 
pounds 
. 159.8 
198.6 
225.5 
172.0 
142.3 
184.2 
254.4 
159.6 
173.7 
280.2 


Million 
pounds 
185.5 
159.2 
174.4 
168.4 
198.3 
218.2 
206.7 
257.9 
228.0 
207.6 


Million 
pounds 
517.5 
728.5 


1962 


757.0 


1963 


783.2 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


1,020.0 
907.4 
927.8 
702.9 
676.0 


1969 4 . . 


1,122.2 







1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Mostly crushed for vinegar, cider, and juice. For some States, small quantities canned, dried, and frozen 
are included. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 305. 



Table 305. — Apples, commercial crop: Production and utilization, by States and 
regions, crop of 1969 (preliminary) 





Not 
utilized ' 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


State and region 


Home 
use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Frozen 


Other 3 




Million 

pounds 
0.5 


Million 

pounds 
289.2 
855.0 
525.0 
472.0 
260.0 
720.0 

1,645.0 
187.0 
540.0 

1,248.6 


Million 

pounds 

0.8 

1.5 

1.4 

1.9 

.6 

5.0 

8.0 

.6 

4.0 

12.7 


Million 

pounds 
288.4 
853.5 
523.6 
470.1 
259.4 
715.0 

1,637.0 
166.4 
536.0 

1,235.9 


Million 
pounds 
246.2 
347.8 
139.6 
179.6 
126.8 
287.0 
1,180.0 
116.3 
126.0 
927.7 


Million 

pounds 

7.4 

307.0 

328.5 

172.9 

84.4 

157.0 

62.2 

34.4 

134.0 

110.5 


Million 
pounds 


Million 

pounds 

1.5 

58.5 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

95.0 

( 4 ) 


Million 
pounds 
33.3 




( 4 ) 


140.2 




10.0 
12.0 
5.0 


55.5 






117.6 






48.2 






176.0 


Washington 


20.0 


160.2 


234.6 
15.7 






120.0 

( 4 ) 


42.0 
10.6 


114.0 


Other States 


62.8 


187.1 






Eastern States 5 

Central States 6 


67.0 

9.2 

34.1 


2,818.9 
1,273.0 
2,629.9 


11.3 

10.7 
14.5 


2,807.6 
1,262.3 
2,615.4 


1,313.8 

737.1 

1,626.1 


962.3 
179.3 
256.7 


( 4 ) 


66.0 
99.6 
42.0 


465.5 
246.3 


Western States 7 


280.2 


410.4 


Total United States 


110.3 


6,721.8 


36.5 


6,685.3 


3,677.0 


1,398.3 


280.2 


207.6 


1,122.2 



1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Mostly crushed for vinegar, cider, and juice. For some States, some quantities canned, dried, and frozen 
are included to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

4 Included in "Other" to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

5 Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. 

6 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, 
and Arkansas. 

7 Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, Oregon, and California. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



212 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 306.— Apples: International trade, 1966-68 



Continent and country 


1966 


1967 


1968 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


! 

Exports 


Imports 


North America: 


1,000 
bushels 
2,619 


1,000 
bushels 
1,139 
29 


1,000 
bushels 
3,437 


1,000 
bushels 
968 
32 


1,000 
bushels 
3,492 


1,000 
bushels 
1 475 




18 






1 




105 






34 
51 

689 


23 

44 

1,686 




28 










29 




5,352 

7,971 


3,882 


2,218 


2 324 






Total 


1,942 


7,320 


2,753 


5,710 


3,979 


South America: 


8,745 




11,194 


" '4^057 


11.820 




Brazil . 


2,599 


5,234 


Chile 


1,003 


837 
2 


874 


Peru 


594 
599 


841 
600 


335 




















Total 


9,748 


3,792 


12,033 


5,498 


12,694 


5,569 


Europe: 


571 

2,337 

455 


2,420 

2,335 

689 

2,214 

3,802 

26^863 

937 

28 

1,050 

1,073 

2,565 

1,450 

368 

11,893 

430 


42 

2,050 

501 


1,722 

2,506 

702 

1,901 

3,132 

25^203 

962 

195 

2,099 

902 

2,520 

1,748 

8 

11,695 

364 


1,058 

1,761 

572 


1 380 




2,973 
713 

1 956 


Denmark 


Table 

Cider 


6,229 

924 

86 


9,393 

1,859 
175 


15,035 

1,402 

918 

15^762 

2,451 


2,239 




27,131 

822 




Italy 


20,495 
2,642 


18,475 
2,303 


238 




3,201 




959 


Sweden 

Switzerland: 
Table 1 


35 

58 
205 


83 

100 
323 


66 

103 
76 


2,523 

1.317 


Cider l 






12,455 






5 




352 










Total 


34.037 


58,118 


35,309 


55,659 


39,204 


58,259 


Africa : 


1 
5,243 


10 




22 




15 




5,330 


6,217 












Total 


5,244 


10 


5,330 


22 


6,217 


15 






Asia: 


562 

849 

3,569 


1,586 


371 

878 

.3,921 


1,405 


518 
1,084 
6,083 


1,839 






Lebanon 


31 
345 
465 
450 


38 
598 
481 
500 


23 
































Total 


4,980 


2,877 


5,170 


3,022 


7,685 


2,851 


Oceania: 


7,884 
2,385 




6,889 
1,864 




6,893 
2,112 




















Total 


10,269 




8,753 




9,005 












World total 


72,249 


66,739 


73,915 


66,954 


80,515 


70,673 







1 Includes pears. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the ba^is of official statistics of foreign govern- 
ments, other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, re- 
sults of office research, and related information. 



APPLES 



213 



Table 307. — Apples, fresh: United States exports by country of destination and im- 
ports by country of origin, 1966-68 





Year beginnin 


I July 


Country 


Year beginning July 




1966 


1967 


1968 


1966 


1967 


1968 


EXPORTS 

Europe: 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 

11 

19 

3 

2 
5 

162 

16 

117 

136 


exports — continued 

Other countries: 


1,000 
bushels 
743 
157 
42 
17 
26 
49 
56 


1,000 
bushels 
697 
96 
33 
13 
29 
68 
71 


1,000 
bushels 
619 




61 

229 

1 

4 

54 

129 

189 

132 

443 

1,079 


20 

69 

6 

1 

37 

93 

51 

151 

231 

855 




45 


Finland 

France 

Germany, West 


Malaysia 

Netherlands Antilles 


7 

15 
16 




65 


Ireland 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

United Kingdom 


Others 

Total 


57 


1,090 


1,007 


824 


4,276 


3,054 


1,646 


IMPORTS 

Argentina 

Canada 

New Zealand 

Others . . 




Total 


2,321 


1,514 


471 


2 

1,203 

57 

17 


16 

2,185 
56 
65 


29 

1,986 

94 

118 


Latin American Republics: 
Colombia 


1 

11 
28 
163 
51 
56 
418 
137 


1 
9 

29 

148 

34 

2 

250 

60 


"i 

19 
156 
26 

117 

26 


Dominican Republic 

Mexico 

Panama 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Others 


Total 




1,279 


2,322 


2,227 


Total 


865 


533 


351 





Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 308.- 



Apples, western: Average auction price per box, all grades, New York, 
1960-69 



Season beginning July 


Jonathan 


Golden 
Delicious 


Rome 
Beauty 


Delicious 


Yellow 
Newtown 


Winesap 


Average l 


1960. . . 


Dollars 


Dollars 
4.62 
5.12 
4.24 
4.64 
4.31 
4.47 
4.80 
6.02 
6.10 
4.52 


Dollars 
3.67 
3.30 
3.94 
3.59 
4.21 
4.00 
4.11 
3.95 
5.12 
3.10 


Dollars 
5.90 
6.28 
5.06 
5.15 
5.33 
5.55 
5.91 
6.75 
7.64 
5.25 


Dollars 
5.88 
4.39 
3.67 
4.10 


Dollars 
5.79 
5.62 
5.29 
5.11 
4.34 
4.66 
5.71 
6.52 
5.20 
5.25 


Dollars 
5.72 


1961 


3.73 


5.93 


1962 


5.12 


1963. . . 




4.97 


1964 




5.09 


1965 






5.59 


1966 






5.62 


1967 






6.51 


1968 






7.00 


1969 2 . 






4.53 











1 Weighted average of varieties shown in this table. 

2 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from New York Daily Fruit Reporter. Prices are weighted by num- 
ber of boxes sold each day. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 309. 



214 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 309. — Apricots: Production, value, and exports, United States, 1954-69 ■ 





Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Season 

average 

price per 

ton 4 


Value 


Domestic exports, year beginning July 


Year 


Fresh 


Canned 5 


Dried 5 


Dried, 
in fruit 
salad 5 


Total in 

terms of 

fresh 


1954.. . 


Tons 


Tons 
159,900 
278,200 
196,100 
186,000 
108,300 
229,300 
237,070 
171,400 
165,100 
197,850 
218,000 
210,940 
192,400 
147,525 
149,280 
230.550 


DoUars 
126.00 
106.00 
134.00 
104.00 
154.00 
115.00 
105.00 

95.50 
142.00 
126.00 
124.00 

93.30 
125.00 
160.00 
184.00 
146.00 


1,000 
doUars 
20,096 
29,450 
26,282 
19,353 
16,651 
26,379 
24,924 
16,380 
23,494 
24,870 
26,978 
19,695 
24.136 
23,588 
27,539 
33,543 


Tons 
3,261 
3,371 
2,171 
1,552 

310 
2,709 
1,357 
1,366 
1,905 
2,693 
2,102 
4,826 
2,002 
1,338 

955 


1,000 
pounds 
7,201 
9,904 
14,074 
15,059 
5,237 
9,058 
11,617 
17,240 
7,475 
7,840 
6,609 
10,249 
6,003 
2,710 
2,471 


Tons 

1,701 

1,817 

2,061 

2,364 

430 

1,039 

1,766 

1,557 

798 

975 

1,404 

1,550 

1,293 

613 

460 


Tons 
305 
470 
418 
517 
325 
427 
340 
441 
499 
366 
386 
486 
335 
310 
243 


Tons 
16,236 
18,796 
20 127 


1955 

1956 


3,200 


1957 

1958 

1959... 


5,500 

1,000 

1,000 

5,530 

1,840 

600 

650 

2,100 

15,060 

1,000 

375 

120 

150 


21,935 
6,133 
13,559 
16,489 
18,020 
11 340 


1960... 


1961 

1962 


1963 


12,489 
13,751 
20,382 
13,580 
7,472 
5,777 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968.. . 


1969 6 











1 Production, price, and value for California, Washington, and Utah. The 1964 Census of Agriculture show- 
ed these 3 States as having 98.0 percent of the 1964 production. 

2 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Beginning 1963, quantities processed are priced at 
the equivalent processing plant door level. 

5 Net processed weight. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Exports from reports of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 310. 



Table 310. — Apricots: Production and season average price per ton, by States, 

1967-69 



State 


Production 1 Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Utah 

Washington 

California 


Tons 
1,425 
3,100 

143,000 


Tons 
1,800 
2,480 

145,000 


Tons 
4,500 
3,050 

223,000 


DoUars 
128 
262 
158 


Dollars 
162 
287 
183 


DoUars 

133 
200 
145 


United States 


147,525 


149,280 


230,550 


160 


184 


146 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (tons) : 
1967— Utah, 75; Washington, 300; 1968— Washington, 120; 1969 — Washington, 150. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



APRICOTS 215 

Table 311. — Apricots, fresh : Production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 

United States . . 

Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 

Total 

Europe: 

Austria 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Spain 

Switzerland .... 
Yugoslavia .... 

Total 



1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


3.3 


3.6 


0.2 


147.9 


149.4 


219.5 


151.2 


153.0 


219.7 


19.4 


19.3 


19.4 


5.5 


5.0 


4.2 


24.9 


24.3 


23.6 


24.5 


23.3 


28.2 


114.6 


145.8 


63.0 


4.0 


7.3 


4.2 


31.7 


32.3 


37.4 


71.2 


120.5 


75.4 


153.6 


205.2 


105.7 


6.1 


12.1 


12.1 


28.6 


17.7 


39.0 


434.3 


564.2 


365.0 



Continent and country 



Africa: 
South Africa, Republic 
of 

Asia: 

Iran 

Turkey 

Total 

Oceania: 

Australia 

Few Zealand 

Total 

Total specified coun- 
tries 



1967 



1,000 
tons 



26.0 



35.8 
130.1 



36.5 
5.7 



42.2 



844.5 



1,000 
tons 



25.5 



46.8 
144.4 



191.2 



45.6 
4.9 



50.5 



1,000 
tons 



25.2 



22.0 
110.2 



132.2 



52.8 
6.6 



59.4 



1 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 312.— Apricots: 


Producl 


Jon and utilization, United States, 1 1960- 


69 




Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Crop of — 


Home 
use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 4 


Dried 


Frozen 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 


Tons 

5,530 

18,400 

600 

650 

2,100 

15,060 

1,100 

375 

120 

150 


Tons 
237,070 
171,400 
165,100 
197,850 
218,000 
210,940 
192,400 
147,525 
149,280 
230,550 


Tons 

1,490 

1,370 

1,240 

1,020 

1,000 

725 

880 

910 

880 

930 


Tons 
235,580 
170,030 
163,860 
196,830 
217,000 
210,215 
191,520 
146,615 
148,400 
229,620 


Tons 
19,280 
17,985 
19,260 
16,530 
19,340 
5 14,415 
17,650 
10,645 
11,005 
13,870 


Tons 
155,800 
114,245 
110,100 
125,400 
151,760 
156,000 
126,370 
106,270 
106,095 
164,450 


Tons 

53,200 

32,500 

28,900 

47,900 

37,400 

30,800 

39,000 

22,000 

23,100 

41,800 


Tons 
7,300 
5,300 
5,600 
7,000 
8,500 


1965 

1966 


9,000 
8,500 


1967 


7,700 


1968 


8,200 


1969 6 


9,500 



1 California, Washington, and Utah. 

2 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Includes some quantities frozen or otherwise processed. 

5 Beginning 1965, includes some quantities canned. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 313. 



216 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 313. — Apricots: Production and utilization, by States, crop of 1969 (pre- 
liminary) 





Produc- 
tion * 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


State 


Home 

use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Frozen 


Utah 


Tons 

4.500 
3 3.050 
223,000 


Tons 
200 
30 
700 


Tons 
4,300 
3,020 

222,300 


Tons 

2 4,300 
1,570 
8,000 


Tons 
( ! ) 

4 1,450 
163,000 


Tons 


Tons 

(2) 


Washington 

California 


" iijsoo 


t 4 ) 

9,500 


United States 


230.550 


930 


229,620 


13,870 


164.450 


41,800 Q son 









1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 2 Some quantities canned or otherwise processed are in- 

cluded with fresh sales to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 3 Excludes 150 tons of excess cullage. 

4 Some quantities used for juice, jam, dried, or frozen are included with canned to avoid disclosure of individual 
operations. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Tabl 


e 314.- 


-Bananas: International trade, 1966-68 






Continent and country 


1966 


1967 


1968 


Continent and country 


1966 


1967 


1968 


EXPORTS FROM SPECIFIED 
COUNTRIES 

North America: 


Million 

pounds 

791 

22 

203 

138 

1,710 

449 

457 

26 

34 

849 

385 


Million 

pounds 

818 

1 

176 

210 

1,882 

429 

425 

15 

88 

1,001 

378 


Million 

pounds 

1,221 

9 

232 

304 • 

1,999 

336 

435 

26 

91 

1,044 

398 


IMPORTS INTO SPECIFIED 
COUNTRIES 
North America: 


Million 

pounds 

386 

3,566 


Million 

pounds 

401 

3,605 


Million 

pounds 

428 


Dominican Republic 

Guadeloupe 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Jamaica 


United States 


3,676 


Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 

Uruguay 

Total 

Europe : 




3,952 


4,006 


4,104 


469 
96 
54 


402 
124 

45 


396 


Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Panama 


167 
36 


619 


571 


599 






Total 


5,064 


5.423 


6,095 


125 

170 

84 

36 

1,013 

1,327 

39 

711 

219 

77 

126 

134 

814 


123 

169 

94 

40 

978 

1,370 

43 

702 

221 

81 

146 

131 

779 


131 


South America: 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador 


452 

685 

2,788 


377 

718 

2,784 


353 

825 

2,759 


Belgium and 

Luxembourg 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Italy 


171 
89 
37 

949 

1,236 

44 

716 

214 


Total 


3,925 


3,879 


3,937 


Africa: 


103 
198 

16 
1 

55 
290 

25 
207 


100 
116 

10 
1 

73 
314 

31 
181 


98 

98 

7 

1 

66 

314 

40 

187 




Norway 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Total 

Africa: 

Algeria 


78 




163 


Ghana 

Guinea, Republic of 


131 
764 


Mozambique 


4,875 


4,877 


4,723 




20 
23 
13 
3 


8 
21 
13 

5 




Total 


895 

23 
761 


826 


811 

16 
751 


10 
23 


Asia: 


22 

842 


South Africa, Republic of 


11 
5 




Total 

Asia: 

Japan 






59 


47 


49 




784 


864 


767 




918 
14 


1,061 
14 






48 


56 


45 


1,406 




10 




10,716 


11,048 


11,655 


Total 

Oceania: 






932 


1,075 


1,416 




56 


67 


50 




World total 






10,493 


10,643 


10,941 









1 Excludes shipments to Spanish mainland. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



AVOCADOS: CHERRIES 



217 



Table 315. — Avocados: Production, season average price per ton, value, and imports, 

United States, 1954-69 x 



Year 



1954. 
1955. 
1956. 
1957. 
1958. 
1959. 
1960. 
1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968. 
1969 5 





California 






Florida 




California and Florida 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


Produc- 


Price 4 


Value 


Produc- 


Price 4 


Value 


tion 2 






tion 3 






tion 3 










1,000 






1,000 






1,000 


Tons 


DoUars 


doUars 


Tons 


DoUars 


doUars 


Tons 


DoUars 


doUars 


45,200 


209 


9,447 


11,300 


114 


1,288 


56,500 


190 


10,735 


20,000 


414 


8,280 


13,400 


112 


1,504 


33,400 


292 


9,784 


15,800 


440 


6,952 


9,700 


124 


1,200 


25,500 


319 


8,152 


46,300 


195 


9,028 


14,300 


106 


1,511 


60,600 


174 


10,539 


51 ,500 


168 


8,652 


3,700 


138 


511 


55,200 


166 


9,163 


69,000 


111 


7,659 


7,000 


88 


620 


76,000 


109 


8,279 


35,500 


280 


9,940 


1,800 


175 


315 


37,300 


275 


10,255 


50,000 


214 


10,700 


6,100 


170 


1,037 


56,100 


209 


11,737 


40,000 


268 


10,720 


11,700 


140 


1,638 


51,700 


239 


12,358 


46,800 


259 


12,121 


13,900 


142 


1,974 


60,700 


232 


14,095 


24,000 


520 


12,480 


12,700 


180 


2,293 


36,700 


401 


14,773 


58,000 


262 


15,196 


2,800 


450 


1,260 


60,800 


271 


16,456 


74,500 


202 


15,049 


5,800 


224 


1,299 


80,300 


204 


16,348 


37,400 


460 


17,204 


14,700 


188 


2,764 


52,100 


383 


19,968 


61,100 


300 


18,330 


12,600 


237 


2,986 


73,700 


289 


21,316 


32,000 


600 


19,200 


14,000 


288 


4,032 


46,000 


505 


23,232 



Imports, 
year be- 
ginning 
July 



Tons 

3,698 

2,671 

3,304 

2,860 

3,534 

4,384 

3,068 

84 

15 

7 

36 

125 

295 

187 

100 



1 Production, price, and value for California and Florida only. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage 
of harvested fruit are as follows (tons): 500 in 1954, 875 in 1955, 1,125 in 1956, 545 in 1957, 400 in 1958, 950 
in 1959, and 660 in 1964. 

3 Equivalent returns per ton for bulk fruit at the first delivery point. Beginning 1963, quantities processed 
are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Import data from reports of the U.S. De- 
partment of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 316. 



Table 316. — Cherries: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States 


, 1954-69 




All varieties 


Foreign trade, year beginning July 


Year 


Not 
utilized • 


Production 
having 
value 2 


Value 


Domestic exports 


Imports 




Canned 


Fresh 


Natural, 
sulfured, 
or in brine 


Dried or 
preserved 


1954 

1955 

1956 


Tons 
150 
2,200 


Tons 

204,080 

259,960 

168,080 

239,540 

192,340 

217,928 

185,260 

266,520 

275,735 

150,150 

344,058 

247,594 

200,016 

198,443 

228,293 

278,430 


1,000 

doUars 
51,037 
42,143 
36,290 
48,776 
43,634 
53,854 
43,446 
60,388 
47,387 
40,300 
57,339 
44,911 
67,636 
74,973 
81,500 
66,881 


1,000 

pounds 

629 

2,087 

1,342 

6,709 

1,410 

4,830 

3,280 

5,567 

13,151 

2,706 

21,385 

33,534 

3,786 

3,390 

3,155 


1,000 

pounds 
3,060 
3,292 
2,548 
2,019 
1,470 
2,169 
3,472 
2,048 
2,484 
2,955 
4,066 
4,687 
4,620 
3,727 
5,180 


1,000 
pounds 
3,874 
2,716 
3,292 
5,942 
5,551 
3,940 
9,831 
4,675 
4.461 

11,603 
5,104 
1,977 
5,180 
5,626 

11,033 


1,000 

pounds 
3,036 
3,059 
5,605 


1957 

1958 


680 

320 

922 

1,100 

900 

11,595 

860 

48,842 

16,536 

5,344 

837 

427 

7,170 


5,869 
6,595 


1959 

1960 


7,553 
6,507 
6,505 
7,725 
8,656 


1961 

1962 


1963 


1964 


6 920 


1965 


7,183 


1966 


8,404 
8,623 
9,138 


1967 


1968 


1969 s 















See footnotes at end of table. 



218 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 316. — Cherries: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 

— Continued 





Sweet varieties 


Tart varieties 


Year 


Not 

utilized • 


Production 
having 
value 2 


Season 
average 

price 
per ton 4 


Value 


Not 
utilized ' 


Production 
having 
value 2 


Season 
average 

price 
per ton 4 


Value 


1954 


Tons 
150 
2,200 


Tons 

97,760 

110,890 

69,040 

92,870 

88,930 

79,970 

69,420 

101,850 

109,080 

69,360 

118,135 

86,580 

111,050 

110,153 

90,889 

126,800 


Dollars 
295.00 
221.00 
300.00 
306.00 
298.00 
329.00 
362.00 
323.00 
288.00 
359.00 
290.00 
330.00 
389.00 
400.00 
439.00 
342.00 


1,000 
dollars 
28,824 
24,496 
20,794 
28,496 
26,510 
26,329 
25,136 
32,867 
31,039 
24,890 
34,252 
28,611 
43,183 
44,061 
39,926 
43,415 


Tons 


Tons 

106,320 
149,070 

99,040 
146,670 
103,410 
137,958 
115,840 
164,670 
166,655 

80,790 
225,923 
161,014 

88,966 

88,200 
137,404 
151,630 


Dollars 
209.00 
118.00 
156.00 
138.00 
166.00 
127.00 
158.00 
167.00 
98.00 
191.00 
102.00 
101.00 
275.00 
350.00 
302.00 
155.00 


1,000 
dollars 
22 213 


1955... 




17 647 


1956 




15,496 
20 280 


1957 


680 

320 

820 

1,100 

900 

2,000 

840 

1,395 

1,040 

4,860 

837 

311 

850 




1958. . 




17 124 


1959 

I960 


102 


27,525 
18,310 
27 521 


1961 




1962 

1963 


5,959 

20 

47,447 

15,496 

484 


16,348 
15,410 


1964 

1965 

1966 


23,087 
16,300 
24,453 


1967 


30,912 


1968 


116 
6,320 


41,574 


1969 3 


23,466 



1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess callage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 317. 



Table 317.- 


-Cherries, fresh: Production in specified countries, 1967-69 




Continent and country 


1967 


1968 


1969 ' 


Continent and country 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


North America: 
Canada 


1,000 
tons 
24.7 
199.3 


1,000 
tons 

16.4 
228.7 


1,000 
tons 

18.4 
.280.3 


Europe — Continued 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 


1,000 
tons 
4.1 
2.4 
44.4 
49.6 
2.7 
82.2 


1,000 

tons 

8.2 

5.3 

60.2 

55.1 

4.0 

89.0 


1,000 
tons 
6.6 
5.0 




55.3 

55.1 

4.9 

95.3 


Total 


224.0 


245.1 


298.7 




2.0 
4.2 


1.5 
4.0 


2.1 
3.9 


Argentina 

Chile 


Total 

Asia: 

Japan 

Turkey 

Total 

Oceania : 

Australia 

Total specified coun- 
tries 




821.6 


1,033.0 


884.8 


Total 


6.2 


5.5 


6.0 


9.4 

82.7 


9.4 
87.1 


12.0 

88.2 


Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 2 

France 


26.6 

7.7 
1.5 
115.7 
226.7 
23.1 
234.9 


28.9 

22.0 

2.0 

145,5 

366.6 

27.2 
219.0 


25.6 

19.8 

2.0 

120.1 

278.7 

27.9 
188.5 


92.1 


96.5 


100.2 


8.4 


7.2 


7.9 


Greece 

Italy 


1,152.3 


1,387.3 


1,297.6 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Commercial production. 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



CHERRIES 



219 



Table 318. — Cherries: Production and season average price per ton, by States, 

1967-69 



State 


Production l 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


SWEET VARIETIES 


Tons 
4,300 
200 
17,500 


Tons 
4,900 
1,089 
22,000 


Tons 
7,300 
1,100 
21,500 


Dollars 
306 
479 
297 


Dollars 
344 
472 
340 


Dollars 

242 




460 




213 








22,000 


27,989 


29,900 


















2,780 

2,700 

110 

3,200 

24,200 

39,000 

17,000 


1,300 
1,100 
200 
7,700 
11,900 
15,700 
25,000 


350 
3,200 
650 
3,300 
23,800 
35,000 
30,600 


367 
460 
710 
371 
430 
396 
496 


529 
580 
585 
369 
579 
495 
452 


540 




395 




343 


Utah 


325 




340 


Oregon 


338 
454 








88,990 


62,900 


96,900 


















110,990 


90,889 


126,800 


400 


439 


342 






TART VARIETIES 


22,100 

1,000 

500 

44,000 
6,800 


14,300 

7,500 

1,300 

100,000 

6,000 


15,300 

11,000 

800 

106,000 

2,740 


360 
383 
375 
360 
358 


309 
302 
320 
300 
303 


162 




157 


Ohio 


120 




152 




188 








74,400 


129,100 


135,840 


















1,100 
690 
7,100 
1,100 
3,900 


384 
1,800 
4,700 

320 
1,100 


950 
1,760 
6,180 

700 
6,200 


241 
321 
305 
110 
343 


340 
295 
302 
453 
391 


205 


Colorado 

Utah 


165 
160 




173 




152 








13,890 


8,304 


15,790 


















88,290 


137,404 


151,630 


350 


302 


155 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (tons) 
Sweet cherries, 1967— Montana, 56; Idaho, 81; Washington, 700; 1968— Pennsylvania, 11; Washington, 300 
1969— Idaho, 100; Colorado, 50; Washington, 700; tart cherries, 1968— Idaho, 116; 1969— New York, 500 
Michigan, 5,000; Wisconsin, 300; Utah, 520. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



220 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 319. — Cherries: Production and utilization, United States, 1 1960-69 





Not 
utilized - 




Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Crop of — 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 4 Frozen 


Brined s 


SWEET VARIETIES 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


Tons 

1,100 

900 

2,000 

840 

1,395 

1,040 

4,860 

837 

311 

850 


Tons 

69,420 
101,850 
109,080 

69,360 
118,135 

86,580 
111,050 
110,153 

90,889 
126,800 

115,840 
164,670 

166,655 

80,790 

225,923 

161,014 

88,966 

88.290 

137,404 

151,630 


Tons 
2,118 
2,440 
2,370 
1,680 
1,865 
1,409 
1,674 
1,526 
1,136 
1,432 

1,423 

1 ,487 
1,406 
995 
L425 
1.192 
1,065 


Tons 

67,302 

99,410 
106,710 

67,680 
116,270 

85,171 
109,376 
108,627 

89,753 
125.368 

114.417 
163,183 
165.249 

79,795 
224,498 
159,822 

87.901 


Tons 

23,800 

33,056 

38,103 

31,790 

45,816 

28,395 

42,464 

40,676 

34,676 

48.228 

4.942 
6,190 
5,610 
3,885 
6,833 
4.903 
4.997 
3.108 
4 803 


Tons 
10,590 
18,516 
17,470 
8,790 
16,945 
13,175 
12,543 
14,492 
11,115 
19,160 

44,207 
62,563 
84,293 
30,845 
99,766 
68.193 
36,738 


Tons 
180 
700 
470 
360 
475 


Tons 
32,732 
47,138 
50,667 
26.740 
53.034 
43,601 


1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 6 

TART VARIETIES 
1960 

1961 


1,105 
550 
300 
200 

64,168 
93,870 
73,676 
44,350 
116,634 
85.001 
4fi 1fifi 


53,264 
52,909 
43,662 
57,780 

1.100 
560 


1962 


.......... 

9,595 

20 

47,447 

15,496 

484 


1,670 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


715 
1,265 
1,725 


1967 


854 | 87,436 
681 136,723 


30,374 ; 53,954 
48,411 ! 83,509 
63.221 ! 83,168 




1968 


116 
6,320 




1969 6 


836 t 150,794 4.405 





1 New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Montana. Idaho, Colorado. Utah. Washington- 
Oregon, and California. 

- Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess callage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Tart varieties. Includes small quantities used for juice, wine, preserves, and candied cherries; includes 
small quantities brined. 

5 Sweet varieties. Includes small quantities used for juice, wine, brandy, canning, etc.: small quantities 
frozen are also included. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics. 1967, table 319. 



Table 320. — Cherries: Production and utilization, by States, crop of 1969 (pre- 
liminary) 





Not 
utilized 1 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Variety and State 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed fresh basis' 1 




Canned 3 


Frozen 


Brined ' 


SWEET VARIETIES 


Tons 


Tons 
29,900 
23,800 
35,000 
30,600 
7,500 


Tons 
195 
300 
700 
100 
137 


Tons 
29,705 
23-, 500 
34.300 
30.500 
7.363 


Tons 

3,485 
14,800 

5.900 
19,500 

4,543 


Tons 
3,160 
5,200 
8,200 
2,600 


Tons 


Tons 
23.060 


Washington 


700 


3,500 




20,200 






200 


8,200 


Other Western States s . . 


150 


2,820 










United States 


850 


126,800 


1.432 


125,368 


48, 228 


19,160 


200 


57,780 






TART VARIETIES 

Michigan 

Other Great Lakes States T . 


5.000 
800 
520 


106,000 

29,840 
15,790 


200 
264 
372 


105.800 
29,576 
15,418 


1,400 
944 


11,525 
5,796 


58,500 
15.990 
8,678 









United Sta+es 


6,320 


151,630 


836 


150.794 


4,405 


63,221 


83.168 









1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

: Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 For tart varieties includes some quantities used for juice, jam, jelly, brining, etc. 

* For sweet varieties includes some quantities used for juice, wine, brandy, canning, freezing, etc. 

5 New York. Pennsylvania, and Michigan. 

s Montana. Idaho, Colorado, and Utah. 

7 New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Wisconsin. 

- Idaho, Colorado, Utah, Washington, and Oregon. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



CITRUS FRUITS 



221 



Table 321.- 



-Citrus fruits: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, for 
season of 1959-60 to 1968-69 





Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Season 
average 
returns 
per box 4 


Value 


Quantities 
processed 5 


Foreign trade 6 


Season l 


Domestic 
exports 7 


Imports 8 


ORANGES ° 

1959-60 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
87,600 
82,700 
108,800 
72,500 
54,900 
82,400 
95,900 
182,910 
124,570 
183,880 

41,591 
43,370 
42,490 
34,738 
34,207 
41,027 
46,695 
55,676 
44,058 
54,170 

18,230 
14,340 
16,740 
12,990 
19,040 
14,210 
15,770 
17,910 
16,850 
15,810 

320 
310 
340 
400 
450 
460 
415 
420 
720 
700 

2,700 
4,900 
4,000 
2,000 
3,600 
3,750 
4,130 
4,900 
3,510 
4,210 

550 

500 
1,000 
750 
900 
1,000 
1,200 
1,700 
1,700 
1,800 


Dollars 
2.40 
3.41 
2.33 
2.16 
5.01 
2.99 
2.26 
1.85 
3.08 
2.60 

1.38 
1.27 
1.06 
1.64 
2.63 
1.90 
1.95 
1.37 
2.53 
1.53 

1.92 
2.49 
2.17 
4.00 
2.67 
3.31 
3.29 
3.28 
3.85 
4.28 

3.96 
3.75 
3.80 
3.89 
4.39 
3.64 
4.88 
6.41 
4.47 
4.50 

3.40 
2.33 
2.80 
3.78 
4.29 
3.78 
3.56 
2.55 
5.56 
3.98 

4.80 
5.43 
3.89 
5.19 
5.44 
4.61 
3 53 
2.34 
4.00 
3.33 


1,000 dollars 
210,353 
282,418 
253,817 
229,245 
274,866 
246,768 
216,587 
337,506 
384,055 
479,418 

57,419 
55,199 
45,156 
57,090 
90,046 
78,147 
90,986 
76,559 
111,424 
83,136 

34,977 
35,756 
36,379 
51,899 
50,749 
47,057 
51,746 
58,685 
64,874 
67,655 

1,267 
1,162 
1,292 
1,556 
1,976 
2,038 
2,025 
2,692 
3,218 
3,150 

9,180 
11,417 
11,200 

7,560 
15,444 
14,175 
14,701 
12,512 
19,522 
16,752 

2,640 
2,715 
3,890 
3,892 
4,896 
4,610 
4,236 
3,978 
6,800 
5,994 


1,000 boxes 
68,710 
67,587 
89,426 
61,073 
42,961 
67,802 
80,518 

134,067 
91,712 

138,638 

17,491 
18,748 
19,048 
18,097 
14,159 
18,911 
23,694 
30,438 
21,827 
31,503 

8,858 
4,658 
7,724 
3,754 
9,585 
5,239 
6,600 
8,623 
7,452 
6,931 

116 
111 
152 
164 
213 
260 
140 
147 
377 
320 

541 
1,588 
1,235 

400 
1,133 
1,169 

937 
1,284 

787 
1,323 

94 
94 
286 
163 
221 
194 
221 
406 
285 
586 


1,000 boxes 
5,834 
5,149 
4,995 
4,355 
5,110 
5,661 
6,855 
8,156 
7,319 


1,000 boxes 
235 


1960-61 




366 


1961-62 




246 


1962-63. . . 




830 


1963-64 




1,652 


1964-65 




1,084 


1965-66 




707 


1966-67 

1967-68 


100 


1,079 
1,978 


1968-69 10 . . 






GRAPEFRUIT 

1959-60 


29 
10 
420 
2 
3 
3 
5 
200 


2,114 
2,661 
2,892 
1,989 
2,249 
2,363 
2,612 
3,429 
3,077 


53 


1960-61. . . 


35 


1961-62 

1962-63 


44 
20 


1963-64 

1964-65 

1965-66 


16 
19 
6 


1966-67 


20 


1967-68 


41 


1968-69 10 






LEMONS 
1959-60 




2,361 
2,673 
2,096 
2,810 
2,788 
2,747 
3,137 
3,250 
2,943 


(") 


1960-61 




( u ) 


1961-62 




( u ) 

2 


1962-63 




1963-64. . . 




3 


1964-65 




3 


1965-66. . . 




2 


1966-67 




1 


1967-68 




1 


1968-69 10 






LIMES 

1959-60 






60 


1960-61 






68 


1961-62 






64 


1962-63 






61 


1963-64 






56 


1964-65 


100 




44 


1965-66 




45 


1966-67 






36 


1967-68 






32 


1968-69 10 








TANGERINES lL> 

1959-60 


100 






1960-61 






1961-62. . . 


260 
210 
290 
690 






1962-63 






1963-64 






1964-65 






1965-66 






1966-67 


1 500 






1967-68 






1968-69 10 


900 






TANGELOS 

1959-60 






1960-61 








1961-62 








1962-63 








1963-64 








1964-65 








1965-66 








1966-67 


100 






1967-68 






1968-69 10 












1 







See footnotes at end of table. 



222 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 321. — Citrus fruits: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, for 
season of 1959-60 to 1968-69— Continued 





Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Season 
average 
returns 
per box 4 


Value 


Quantities 
processed 5 


Foreign trade B 


Season 1 


Domestic 
exports 7 


Imports 8 


TEMPLES 
1959-60 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
3,900 
4,000 
4,600 
2,000 
3,400 
3,800 
4,500 
5,000 
4,500 
4,500 


Dollars 
2.85 
3 88 
2.63 
3.56 
5.01 
3.34 
2.42 
1.50 
3.55 
3.06 


1,000 dollars 
11,115 
15,520 
12,098 

7,120 
17,034 
12,692 
10,890 

7,500 
15,975 
13,770 


1,000 boxes 
1,360 
1,653 
2,284 
1,172 
1,874 
1,554 
2,010 
1,998 
1,699 
2,397 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 


1960-61 








1961-62 








1962-63. . . 








1963-64. . . 








1964-65 








1965-66 








1966-67 








1967-68 








19 68-69 10 . . . 

















1 Season begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of harvest the following 
year. In California, picking usually extends from about Oct. 1 to Dec. 31 of the following year (15 months). 
In other States the season begins about Oct. 1 and ends in early summer, except for Florida limes, harvest of 
which usually starts about Apr. 1. 

2 Not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Equivalent returns per box at the intake packinghouse door for all methods of sale. When sales represents 
fruit sold at point other than intake packinghouse door, prices of fruit as sold are converted by additions or 
subtractions of necessary charges to or from prices of fruit as actually sold. Obtained by weighting State 
prices by quantity sold. 

5 Includes quantities used for juice, concentrates, grapefruit segments, and other citrus products. In some 
seasons, includes appreciable quantities of oranges and lemons in California delivered to processing plants 
which were not utilized, but for which growers received payment. 

6 Year beginning November for oranges and lemons; year beginning September for grapefruit; year beginning 
July for limes. 

7 Exports reported in pounds which are converted to boxes on the following basis: Oranges, 84 pounds per 
box; grapefruit, 76 pounds per box; lemons, 79 pounds per box. 

8 Imports converted to boxes on the following basis: Oranges, 90 pounds per box; grapefruit, 80 pounds per 
box; lemons, 78 pounds per box; limes, 80 pounds per box. 

9 Includes small quantities of tangerines in Louisiana, Texas, Arizona (prior to 1964), and California prior 
to 1961); excludes Florida temples, except for foreign trade. 

10 Preliminary. 

11 Less than 500 boxes. 

12 Florida only, prior to 1961. Includes California beginning in 1961, and Arizona in 1964. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 322. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 322— CONTINUED 

4 Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California and Arizona. Early and midseason varieties in Florida 
and Texas. All varieties in Louisiana. Includes small quantities of tangerines in Texas and Louisiana. 

5 Net content of box varies. Approximate averages are as follows: Oranges — California and Arizona, 75 
pounds; Florida and other States, 90 pounds; grapefruit — California Desert Valleys and Arizona, 64 pounds; 
other California areas, 67 pounds; Florida, 85 pounds; Texas, 80 pounds; lemons- — 76 pounds; limes — 80 pounds; 
tangelos — 90 pounds; tangerines — California and Arizona, 75 pounds; Florida, 95 pounds; and temples — 90 
pounds. 



Statistical Reporting Service. 



CITRUS FRUITS 



223 



Table 322. — Citrus fruits: Production and season average returns per box, 

States, 1966-67 to 1968-69 



by 



Crop and State 


Production of crop for 
season 1 of — 


Price 3 of crop for 
season of — 




1966-67 


1967-68 


1968-69 2 


1966-67 


1967-68 


1968-69 


ORANGES 

Early, midseason, and Navel varieties: 4 


1,000 
boxes 
17,025 
73,200 
1,640 
860 


1,000 
boxes 

9,150 

51,400 

970 

880 


1,000 
boxes 
18,600 
69,700 
2,800 
1,270 


Dollars 
3.20 
1.44 


Dollars 
4.33 
2.59 


Dollars 
3 07 


Florida 


2 51 


Texas 






3.72 


6.43 


3 50 








92,725 


62,400 


92,370 
















Valencia: 


19,775 

66,300 

1,060 

3,050 


10,000 

49,100 

830 

2,240 


25,700 

60,000 

1,700 

4,110 


2.56 
1.72 


4.44 
3.02 


1.95 


Florida 


2 95 


Texas 






2.04 


4.03 


1 81 








90,185 


62,170 


91,510 
















All oranges: 


36,800 

139,500 

2,700 

3,910 


19,150 

100,500 

1,800 

3,120 


44,300 

129,700 

4,500 

5,380 


2.85 
1.57 
1.31 
2.41 


4.39 
2.80 
2.19 
4.71 


2 42 


Florida 


2 71 


Texas 


1 86 




2.21 








182,910 


124,570 


183,880 


1.85 


3.08 


2 60 






GRAPEFRUIT 

Florida 


43,600 
30,100 
13,500 
5,400 
1,680 
4,996 
2,696 
2,300 


32,900 
23,700 
9,200 
2,800 
3,740 
4,618 
2,918 
1,700 


39,900 
27,700 
12,200 
6,700 
2,510 
5,060 
3,260 
1,800 


1.31 
1.37 
1.19 
1.15 
1.55 
2.11 
1.67 
2.63 


2.63 
2.84 
2.07 
2.17 
1.83 
2.61 
2.52 
2.76 


1.46 




1 59 




1 17 




1.46 




1 91 




2 01 




1.54 




2 86 






United States, all grapefruit 5 


55,676 


44,058 


54,170 


1.37 


2.53 


1.53 


LEMONS 

California 


15,100 
2,810 


13,600 
3,250 


12,300 
3,510 


3.33 
2.99 


3.96 
3.39 


4.69 

2.84 






United States, lemons 5 


17,910 


16,850 


15,810 


3.28 


3.85 


4.28 


LIMES 
Florida 


420 


720 


700 


6.41 


4.47 


4.50 






TANGELOS 

Florida 5 


1,700 


1,700 


1,800 


2.34 


4.00 


3.33 






TANGERINES 
Florida 


4,100 
200 
600 


2,800 
150 
560 


3,400 
170 
640 


2.30 
5.18 
3.41 


5.71 
4.22 
5.18 


3.87 




4.35 


California 


4.46 


United States, tangerines 5 


4,900 


3,510 


4,210 


2.55 


5.56 


3.98 


TEMPLES 

Florida 5 


5,000 


4,500 


4,500 


1.50 


3.55 


3.06 







1 Season begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with completion of harvest the following 
year. For oranges, harvest in California usually starts in early November of the year shown and continues 
into November of the following year. In other States, harvest of oranges begins about Oct. 1 and ends in early 
summer. Grapefruit harvest for the California Desert Valleys and for all other States, begins in the fall and 
ends by early summer. Harvest of other California grapefruit extends from early summer of the year after 
bloom through September. California lemons are harvested from November through the following calendar 
year. Florida limes are picked mostly from April through December. Florida tangelos are harvested largely 
from October through April. Fruit ripened on the trees but destroyed by freezing or storms prior to picking is 
not included. Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows 
(1,000 boxes): 1966-67 — oranges, navel and miscellaneous — Texas, 60; oranges, Valencia — Texas, 40; grape- 
fruit—Texas, 200; tangelos — Florida, 100; tangerines — Florida, 1,500; 1968-69 — tangerines — Florida, 900. 

2 Preliminary. 

5 Equivalent returns per box at the intake packinghouse door for all methods of sale. When sale represents 
fruit sold at point other than packinghouse door, prices of fruit as sold are converted by additions or sub- 
tractions of necessary charges to or from prices of fruit as actually sold. 



Footnotes continued on page 222. 



224 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 323. — Citrus fruits: Production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Commodity and country 



ORANGES, INCLUDING 
TANGERINES 



North America: 

British Honduras 

Jamaica 

Mexico 

Trinidad and Tobago . 
United States 



Total . 



Mediterranean area: 

Algeria 

Cyprus 

Greece 

Israel 

Italy 

Lebanon 

Morocco 

Spain 

Tunisia 

Turkey 



Total . 



Far East: 

Japan 

China (Taiwan). 



Total 

Northern Hemisphere. 



South America: 
Argentina. . . 

Brazil 

Chile 

Surinam 



Total . 



Other Southern Hemisphere: 

Australia 

South Africa, Republic of. 



Total 

Southern Hemisphere . 
World total 



GRAPEFRUIT 

North America: 

British Honduras 

Jamaica 

Mexico 

Trinidad and Tobago . 
United States 



Total . 



Mediterranean area: 

Algeria 

Cyprus 

Israel 

Morocco 



Total. 



Northern Hemisphere. 



1967 



1,000 

boxes 

940 

2,800 

27,778 

301 

165,732 



197,551 



11,800 

2,707 

6,607 

29,931 

45,308 

4,176 

24,446 

65,382 

1,600 

14,204 



206,161 



61,688 
4,603 



1968 



1,000 

boxes 

908 

2,500 

28,313 

318 

237,042 



269,081 



12,900 
3,464 
11.171 
27,275 
52,995 
4,271 
22.670 
54,529 
2,200 
17.070 



!,545 



39,213 
5,000 



,291 94,213 91,305 



1,000 
boxes 

643 

2,900 

29,510 

357 

235,088 



268,498 



13,200 

3.616 

14,708 

29,290 

51,336 

4,504 

27,588 

65,878 

1,800 

14,456 



226,376 



36,105 

5,200 



470,003 571,839 586,179 



23,772 

49,183 

1,257 

351 



74,563 



7,085 
16,350 



23,435 



,998 



568,001 



233 
677 
328 
502 
44,535 



46,275 



985 

7,325 

413 

176 



,027 



55,302 



25,699 

49.799 

1,370 

361 



77,229 



8,229 
14,706 



,935 



100,164 



672,003 



281 
619 
344 
446 
55,215 



56,905 



137 

1,175 
7,225 



i,064 



65,! 



32,408 

51,273 

1,260 

370 



85.311 



7,406 
14,883 



22,289 



107,600 



693,779 



200 
590 
390 
450 
52,970 



54,600 



140 

1,232 

7,440 

220 

190 



,222 



,822 



Commodity and country 



grapefruit — continued 



South America: 
Argentina 
Surinam 



Total. 



Other Southern Hemi- 
sphere: 

Australia 

New Zealand 

South Africa, Republic of. 



Total 

Southern Hemisphere. 

World total 

LEMONS 



North America: 
United States 



Mediterranean area: 

Algeria 

Cyprus 

Greece 

Israel 

Italy 

Lebanon 

Morocco 

Spain 

Tunisia 

Turkey 



Total 

Northern Hemisphere. 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 



Total . 



Other Southern Hemisphere: 

Australia 

New Zealand 

South Africa, Republic of. 



Total 

Southern Hemisphere. 
World total 



1967 



1,000 

boxes 

2,254 

175 



2,429 



254 

77 
2,450 



2,781 



5,210 



60,512 



16,868 



400 

639 

2,701 

1,164 

19,444 

1,450 

145 
3,234 

330 
2,611 



32,111 



2,164 
914 



3,078 



571 
64 



1,003 



53,067 



1,000 

boxes 

2,315 

186 



2,501 



77 
,030 



3,315 



5,816 



71,785 



15,842 



500 

696 
1,978 

944 

23,392 

1,450 

141 
2,310 

290 
3,771 



35,472 



51,314 



5,192 
1,102 



6,294 



628 

67 

479 



1,174 



7,468 



58,782 



See footnotes on page 225. 



CITRUS JUICES 225 

Table 324. — Canned citrus juices, single strength: United States packs, 1959-68 





Orange juice 


Blended orange and grapefruit juice 


Tan- 


Season 
beginning 
November 


Florida 


California 

and 
Arizona 


Texas 


Total 


Florida 


California 

and 
Arizona 


Texas 


Total 


and tan- 
gerine 
blends 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


1,000 
cases 1 
15,128 
10,798 
13,762 
11,212 
7,682 
10,334 
11,363 
14,412 
9,817 
11,386 


1,000 

casei>' : 

856 

464 

380 

611 

510 

465 

699 

1,381 

320 

1,140 


1,000 
cases 1 
498 
684 
822 
( ! ) 
(*) 
( 2 ) 
52 
548 
277 
927 


1,000 
cases 1 
16,282 
11,946 
14,964 
11,823 
8,192 
10,799 
12,114 
16,341 
10,414 
13,453 


1,000 
cases 1 
4,382 
3,101 
3,863 
3,117 
2,416 
2,435 
2,684 
3,311 
2,043 
2,295 


1,000 

cases 1 

115 

40 

23 

16 

157 

77 

227 

373 

110 

214 


1,000 
cases l 
50 
93 

• 47 
(») 
( 2 ) 
( J ) 
( 3 ) 

54 
( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 


1,000 
cases 1 
4,547 
3,234 
3,933 
3,133 
2,573 
2,512 
2,911 
3,738 
2,187 
2,578 


1,000 

cases 1 
232 
553 
262 
317 
221 


1964 

1965 

1966 


187 
62 
156 


1967 

1968 


49 
92 







1 Equivalent cases of 24 No. 2 cans. 

2 No pack reported. 

5 Pack data not available. 

Economic Research Service. Based on data obtained from various canners' associations and individual 
inners. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 326. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 323 

1 Harvesting in Northern Hemisphere countries begins in November of the year shown, and in Southern 
Hemisphere countries begins in May following the year shown. Production in foreign countries converted to 
boxes of the following weights: Oranges, 70 pounds; grapefruit, 80 pounds; and lemons, 76 pounds. 

2 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign govern- 
ments, other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, 
results of office research, and related information. 



226 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 325. — Concentrated citrus juices: Annual packs by producing areas, 1959-68 





Season 
beginning 
November 


Frozen concentrated juice, 42° Brix 


Frozen 
concen- 
trate for 
lemonade, 
California- 
Arizona 1 


Nonfrozen concentrated juice 




Orange 


Grape- 
fruit, 
Florida 


Blend, 
Florida 


Orange 
65° Brix, 
Florida 






California- 
Arizona ' 


Florida 


60° Brix. 
Florida 


1959 

1960 


1,000 
gallons 
2,952 


1,000 
gallons 
77,999 
84,374 

115.866 
51,648 
53,674 
88,869 

2 76,695 

131,755 
83,697 

103,750 


1,000 

gallons 
1,613 
3,841 
3,163 
2,323 
2,573 
4,000 
3,971 
5,485 
1,814 
5,920 


1,000 

gallons 

284 

256 

267 

53 

130 

70 

50 

29 

10 

36 


1,000 
gallons 
14,750 
8,450 


1,000 

gallons 

378 

155 

278 

54 

41 

70 

49 

119 

22 

31 


1,000 

gallons 

27 
20 


1961 




2,369 


116 


1962. 




36 


1963. . . 






21 


1964 






55 


1965 




31 


1966 




32 


1967. . 








1968 






39 











1 Data not available for years where no data are shown. 

2 Beginning 1965, basis 45° Brix. Includes concentrated orange juice for manufacture. 

Economic Research Service. Based on data obtained from various canners' associations and individual 
tnners. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 327. 





Table 326. 


— Citrus products: United States exports by kind, 1959-68 




Year beginning 
November 


Orange juice 


Grapefruit juice 


Blended 
juices 






Single 
strength 


Concentrate 


Single 
strength 


Concentrate 


Grapefruit 
sections 




Hot pack 


Frozen 


Hot pack 


Frozen 




1959 

1960 


1,000 
cases 1 
2,846 
1,926 
2,609 
1,888 
1,142 
1,315 
1,844 
3,266 
3,878 
2,730 


1,000 

gallons 

801 

1.003 

1,148 

982 

965 

894 

842 

958 

724 

770 


1,000 
gallons 
4,595 
4,202 
4,905 
3,602 
2,464 
2,807 
3,060 
4,418 
4,226 
4,227 


1,000 

cases 1 

1,390 

1,764 

2,165 

1,656 

811 

1,231 

915 

1,576 

1,315 

1,537 


1,000 
gallons 
145 
272 
173 
138 
185 
192 
165 
153 
188 
206 


1,000 
gallons 
134 
193 
264 
193 
181 
201 
251 
284 
355 
728 


1,000 
cases 1 
957 
810 
782 
797 
459 
306 
343 
440 
289 
208 


1,000 

cases 2 

413 
453 


1961 


354 


1962. 


211 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


147 
105 
128 
83 


1967 


92 


1968 


84 



1 Cases of 3.4 United States gallons. 

2 Equivalent cases of 24 No. 2 cans. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 
1952-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 328. 



Data for 



GRAPEFRUIT; ORANGES 



227 



Table 327. — Grapefruit sections and single-strength juice, canned: Annual pack by 

producing areas, 1959-68 





Sections 


Juice, single strength 


Season beginning 
November 


Florida 


Texas 


Total 


Florida 


Texas 


California 

and 
Arizona 


Total 


1959 


1,000 

cases 1 
4,004 
4,326 
4,209 
2,613 
3,063 
3,606 
4,002 
4,756 
3,412 
3,396 


1,000 
cases l 
29 
29 
13 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 


1,000 

cases 1 
4,033 
4,355 
4,222 
2,613 
3,063 
3,606 
4,002 
4,756 
3,412 
3,396 


1,000 
cases 1 
9,323 
9,131 
10,190 
8,864 
5,143 
9,770 
12,090 
17,844 
13,300 
15,445 


1,000 
cases 1 
1,408 
1,509 
375 
( 2 ) 
(') 
( 2 ) 
610 
1,767 
750 
3,066 


1,000 

cases 1 

596 

335 

663 

581 

1,162 

1,157 

1,126 

1,380 

1,776 

2,024 


1,000 
cases 1 
11,327 


1960 

1961 


10,975 
11,228 


1962 

1963 


9,445 
6,305 


1964 

1965 

1966 


10,927 
13,826 
20,991 


1967 


15,826 


1968 


20,535 



Equivalent cases of 24 No. 2 cans. 
No pack reported. 



Economic Research Service. Based on data obtained from various canners' associations and individual 
canners. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 329. 



Table 328.— Oranges, fresh 



United States exports by country of destination, 
1966-68 



Country of destination 



Europe: 
Belgium and Luxembourg 

France 

Germany, West 

Ireland 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

United Kingdom 

Others 

Total 

Latin American Republics: 

Mexico 

Others 

Total 



Year beginning 




November 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


620 


97 


124 


406 


24 


450 


80 


6 


76 


13 




11 


1,037 


146 


1,479 


167 


8 


149 


88 


7 


50 


231 


6 


75 


484 


6 


49 


3,126 


300 


2,463 


42 


16 


18 


2 


1 


1 


44 


17 


19 



Country of destination 



Other countries: 

Canada 

Hong Kong 

Japan 

Malaysia 

Nansei and Nanpo Islands 

Netherlands Antilles 

New Zealand 

Philippines 

West Indies 

Others 

Total 

Grand total 



Year beginning 
November 



1,000 

boxes 

5,101 

1,040 

70 

124 

75 

50 

27 

65 

37 

28 



6,617 



9,787 



1967 



1,000 

boxes 

3,361 

664 

64 

5 

65 
31 



4,304 



4,621 



1968 



1,000 

boxes 
4,507 
1,317 
92 
73 
90 
30 
71 
60 
36 
25 



6,301 



8,783 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



228 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 329. — Citrus fruits: International trade, 1966-68 





1966 


1967 


1968 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


ORANGES 

North America: 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 

5,919 


1,000 boxes 
..... 

137 

938 

45 

7,951 


1,000 boxes 
6,315 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
5 478 




4 

76 

807 

45 

6,785 












60 
1,464 

48 
4,006 


















702 


645 


1,691 






Total 


7,717 


6.621 


9.072 


6,960 


5,578 


7,189 






South America: 
Argentina 


9 
2,499 




22 
2,832 




■ ■ 

30 
2,283 








Peru 


50 








129 


85 


1 102 











Total 


2.637 


50 


2,939 




2,415 










Europe : 


3 
218 

31 


2\446 
4,554 
1,517 
1,302 
24,954 
25,889 


i 

383 

33 


2,557 

4,574 

1,348 

1.340 

23,153 

23,841 


5 
366 

25 


2,609 




4,531 




1,318 




1,297 


France 


594 

10 
2,706 


353 

16 
3,025 

"'5,467' 
279 

"" 36,910" 

44 
5 


329 

122 

3,556 


21,040 
23,792 








578 


566 

1 

7.535 

1,698 


574 


Italv 


4,622 
130 


5.503 
863 


2 




7,229 
1,918 


8,031 




1,913 




39,833 

42 

4 


32,166 

42 

4 




Sweden 

Switzerland 


3.639 

3.069 

12.666 

1,749 


3,432 

2,899 
12.469 
2,076 


3,449 
3,027 

12.581 










1,797 












Total 


48.193 


91,510 


46,516 


87,489 


42,981 


85,961 


Africa: 
Algeria 


4,040 
232 

13,330 

147 

9,846 

924 




4,500 




5,600 














15,383 




17,808 












South Africa, Republic of 




8,845 
1,247 




9,311 

635 


















28,519 




29,975 




33,354 












Asia: 


1.599 

128 

13,655 

591 

2.395 

96 




2,043 

90 

16,618 

616 

2,635 

300 




2,395 

82 

11,996 

738 

3.051 

350 






2,056 


2,349 


2.176 






Japan 














Malaysia 


1,367 

105 
1,300 


1,427 

113 

1.493 


847 








1,725 




723 


762 


945 










Total 


19,187 


4.828 


2-3.064 


5,382 


19.557 


4,748 




805 




730 


"498 


912 






564 


523 








Total 


805 


564 


730 


498 


912 


523 






Grand total 


107.058 


103,573 


112.296 


100,329 


104.797 


98,401 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CITRUS FRUITS 229 

Table 329. — Citrus fruits: International trade, 1966-68 — Continued 





1966 


1967 


1968 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


GRAPEFRUIT 

North America: 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
1,772 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
2,266 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
1,918 




39 

85 

138 

2,751 












99 

125 

3,299 




135 

72 
2,259 














3 


21 


48 






Total 


3,013 


1,775 


3,523 


2,287 


2,466 


1,966 






South America: 


104 




98 




79 












Europe: 


13 
2 


271 

101 

61 

1,133 

1,673 

531 

125 

2,111 


27 
10 


311 

101 

60 

1,299 

1,730 

432 

127 

2,234 


27 


332 




92 






65 




13 


28 
2 
5 
3 


15 

43 

44 

1 


1,487 




2,051 




13 
3 


580 




113 




2,560 












Total 


44 


6,006 


75 


6,294 


130 


7,280 






Africa: 


30 




40 
126 




20 
39 














131 
1,319 












1,309 




1.591 










Total 


1,480 




1,475 




1,650 












Asia: 


551 
3,090 




904 
3,415 




917 
4,267 




















Total 


3,641 




4,319 




5,184 












Oceania: 




8 




8 




6 














8,282 


7,789 


9,490 


8,589 


9,509 


9,252 






LEMONS 

North America: 




427 

2 


"z'Ms 


466 

1 




450 




3,290 


3,490 








Total 


3,290 


429 


3,348 


467 


3,490 


450 






Europe: 


5 


713 
455 

205 

88 

2,668 

4,016 


1 

8 
10 


700 
459 
202 
103 
2,730 
3,855 




722 




14 

11 


497 




8 


204 




99 




8 

6 

1,364 


12 

3 

1,492 


14 

18 
806 


2,788 




3,977 


Greece 






80 


96 


100 


Italy 


9,662 
4 

1,236 
1 

1 


9,290 
9 

1,648 
2 


10,366 

89 

999 

6 

1 






286 


290 


367 


Spain 




Sweden 


169 
533 
971 
745 


175 
518 
983 
892 


i85 




523 


United Kingdom 




999 


Yugoslavia 






774 












Total 


12,295 


10,929 


12,475 


11,003 


12,324 


11,235 







See footnotes at end of table. 



230 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 329. — Citrus fruits: International trade, 1966-68— Continued 



Continent and country 


1966 


1967 


1968 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


lemons — continued 

Africa: 


1,000 boxes 

28 

117 

233 

268 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 
16 
84 
188 
134 


1,000 boxes 


1,000 boxes 

10 

71 

192 

118 


1,000 boxes 
































Total 


646 




422 




391 












Asia: 


291 
450 




452 

465 




663 
574 

983' 

725 














672 
"375' 


857 


1 042 




1,075 


1,157 






360 


272 


Turkey 


509 


578 












Total 


2,325 


1,047 


2,652 


1,217 


2,945 


1,314 


Oceania: 




1 




6 




3 












Grand total 3 


18,556 


12,406 


18,897 


12,693 


19,150 


13,002 



1 Includes Canary Islands. 

2 Year beginning July 1. 

3 Does not include imports into Soviet Bloc countries. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 330.- 



-Dates: Production, season average price per ton, value, and imports, 
United States, 1954-69 x 





California 


Imports, 
year be- 
ginning 
July 


Year 


California 


Imports- 
year be, 


Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 2 


Value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 2 


Value 


ginning 
July 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957. 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Tons 

15,400 

25,300 

19,200 

23,300 

19,600 

26,000 

22,100 

21,400 


DoUars 
94 
99 
105 
113 
109 
128 
123 
150 


1,000 
doUars 
1,448 
2,505 
2,016 
2,633 
2,136 
3,328 
2,718 
3,210 


Tons 

22,186 

20,479 

22,101 

23,226 

17,942 

16,814 

17,685 

16,044 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 3 


Tons 

24,200 

22,100 

24,300 

21,000 

21,300 

20,800 

23,000 

17,100 


DoUars 
156 
129 
148 
110 
144 
151 
163 
162 


1,000 
doUars 
3,775 
2,851 
3,596 
2,310 
3,067 
3,141 
3,749 
2,770 


Tons 
16,199 
19,733 
18,507 
14,540 
14,429 
12,975 
13,782 







1 Production, price, and value for California only. Production of dates was also reported in Arizona in the 
1964 Census of Agriculture, but of the total production 99.3 percent was in California. 

2 Equivalent returns per ton for bulk fruit at the first delivery point. Beginning 1963, quantities processed 
are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

3 Preliminary . 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Imports from reports of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 332. 



CRANBERRIES 



231 



Table 331. — Cranberries: Acreage, yield, production, season average price per barrel, 
value, and quantities processed, United States, 1954-69 1 





Acre- 


Yield 








Quan- 




Acre- 


Yield 








Quan- 


Year 


age 


per 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


tities 


Year 


age 


per 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


tities 




har- 


acre 


tion 2 






pro- 




har- 


acre 


tion 2 






pro- 




vested 










cessed 4 




vested 










cessed 4 












1,000 














1,000 






Acres 


Bbl. 5 


Bbl* 


Dol. 


dol. 


J5M.5 




Acres 


BbU 


BblJ 


Dol. 


dol. 


Bbl.* 


1954.. 


22,970 


44.3 


1,018,500 


10.70 


10,926 


579,800 


1962.. 


20,570 


64.4 


1,324,500 


10.80 


12,803 


660,800 


1955.. 


22,270 


46.1 


1,025,800 


8.24 


8,450 


517,100 


1963.. 


20,120 


62.4 


1,254,500 


11.90 


14,458 


792,100 


1956. . 


21,520 


45.9 


987,700 


8.83 


8,561 


519,600 


1964.. 


20,620 


65.2 


1,344,500 


14.40 


19,137 


884,300 


1957.. 


21,240 


49.4 


1,050,000 


11.20 


11,722 


618,900 


1965.. 


20,640 


69.6 


1,436 ,'800 


15.50 


22,072 


1,033,200 


1958. . 


20,920 


55.7 


1,165,600 


11.60 


13,537 


705,900 


1966.. 


20,760 


77.0 


1,598,600 


15.60 


24,561 


1,249,600 


1959. . 


21,290 


58.8 


1,251,700 


9.06 


11,167 


357,800 


1967.. 


21,220 


66.2 


1,404,300 


15.50 


21,832 


1,034,900 


1960. . 


21,140 


63.4 


1,340,700 


8.33 


11,805 


845,100 


1968.. 


21,135 


69.4 


1,467,800 


16.50 


24,227 


1,111,200 


1961... 


21,440 


57.7 


1,236,400 


8.58 


10,604 


596,500 


1969 6 . 


21,185 


86.1 


1,823,100 


16.30 


29,693 


1,417,900 



1 Estimates relate to Massachusetts, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Washington, and Oregon. 

2 Includes shrinkage and the following quantities unharvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit (1,000 
barrels): 18 in 1956, 4 in 1960, and 1 in 1961. In 1959, includes 18,900 barrels unharvested, confiscated, and 
dumped which did not qualify for payment under the Cranberry Payment Program, AMM, 181a. Includes 
cranberries dumped, used for charity, or used for experimental purposes under provisions of the Cranberry 
Marketing Order as follows (1,000 barrels): 143 in 1962 and 44 in 1963. 

3 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Equivalent returns for fruit at the first receiving 
station. For 1959, includes returns to growers for cranberries dumped which qualified for payment under the 
Cranberry Payment Program, AMM, 181a. 

4 Mainly for canning. 

5 Barrels of 100 pounds. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 333. 



Table 332. — Cranberries: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 

barrel, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 2 


Price for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Massachusetts.. 

New Jersey 

Wisconsin 

Washington 

Oregon 


Acres 
11,400 
3,200 
5,000 
1,000 
620 


Acres 
11,000 
3,300 
5,200 
1,000 
635 


Acres 
11,100 
3,000 
5,400 
1,000 
685 


Bbl.s 
50.3 
49.1 
94.0 
1390 
105.3 


Bbl* 
60.0 
47.0 
84.2 

163.0 
81.6 


BblJ 
68.0 
53.3 
138.1 
105.0 
83.4 


Barrels 
573,000 
157,000 
470,000 
139,000 
65,300 


Barrels 
660,000 
155,000 
438,000 
163,000 
51,800 


Barrels 
755,000 
160,000 
746,000 
105,000 
57,100 


Dollars 
15.90 
14.70 
15.20 
16.00 
16.00 


Dollars 
16.60 
16.70 
16.20 
16.70 
16.70 


Dollars 
16.50 
16.30 
16.00 
16.60 
16.60 


United States 


21,220 


21,135 


21,185 


66.2 


69.4 


86.1 


1,404,300 


1,467,800 


1,823,100 


15.50 


16.50 


16.30 



1 Preliminary . 

2 Production includes shrinkage. 
5 Barrels of 100 pounds. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



232 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 333. — Figs: Production, season average price per ton, value, and foreign trade, 

United States, 1954-69 



























Foreign trade, 














California 










year beginning 


























July (dried figs) 




Dried (dry basis') 


Fresh and canned 


Total 


Imports 




Year 




























Production 


















for 


Do- 










Price 


Value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 1 


Value 


Produc - 
tion 


Price 1 3 


Value 


con- 
sump- 


mestic 










exports 






Stand- 


Sub- 






(fresh 






(fresh 






tion 4 






Total 


ard 


stand- 
ard 






basis) 






basis'! 2 




















1,000 






1,000 






1,000 








Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Tons 


1954... 


25,600 


20,880 


4,720 


166.00 


4,250 


11,000 


109.00 


1,199 


87,800 


62.00 


5,449 


3,251 


656 


1955... 


25,400 


22,610 


2,790 


205.00 


5,207 


12,000 


115.00 


1,380 


88,200 


74.60 


6,587 


2,378 


693 


1956... 


24.800 


20,480 


4,320 


139.00 


3,447 


12,000 


115.00 


1,380 


86,400 


55.60 


4,827 


2,707 


715 


1957... 


22,700 


19,000 


3,700 


169.00 


3,836 


10,000 


120.00 


1,200 


78,100 


64.30 


5,036 


2,121 


714 


1958. . . 


23,200 


18,740 


4,460 


194.00 


4,501 


11,000 


125.00 


1,375 


80,600 


57.10 


5.876 


2,730 


799 


1959... 


19,100 


16,590 


2,510 


217.00 


4,125 


6,600 


166.00 


1,096 


63,900 


82.00 


5.241 


1,789 


719 


1960... 


17,200 


15,900 


1,300 


230.00 


3,956 


8,500 


158.00 


1.343 


60,100 


88.20 


5,299 


2,404 


841 


1961... 


18,500 


16,200 


2.300 


196.00 


3,626 


7.700 


165.00 


1,270 


63,200 


77.50 


4,896 


2,556 


859 


1962... 


20,400 


18,700 


1,700 


204.00 


4,162 


10,000 


162.00 


1,620 


71,200 


81.20 


5,782 


2,644 


803 


1963... 


18,500 


15,300 


3,200 


192.00 


3,552 


7,600 


184.00 


1,398 


63,100 


78.40 


4.950 


2,561 


730 


1964... 


19.000 


16.800 


2.200 


237.00 


4,503 


10.000 


181.00 


1,810 


67,000 


94.20 


6,313 


2,471 


829 


1965... 


18,400 


14.500 


3,900 


191.00 


3.514 


6,000 


177.00 


1.062 


61,200 


74.80 


4,576 


1,807 


842 


1966... 


20,600 


18,400 


2,200 


188.00 


3,873 


5,900 


181.00 


1,086 


67,800 


89.40 


4,959 


1,677 


845 


1967... 


12,200 


10,900 


1.300 


209.00 


2,550 


5,600 


205.00 


1,148 


42,200 


87.40 


3,698 


1,385 


919 


1968... 


15,800 


13,000 


2,800 


212.00 


3,350 


4,200 


270.00 


1,134 


51,600 


86.50 


4.484 


2,341 


797 


1S69 5 .. 


16,400 


13,400 


3,000 


204.00 


3.346 


5,500 


276.00 


1.518 


54,700 


88.60 


4,864 














1 Equivalent returns per ton for bulk fruit at the first delivery point. Beginning 1963. quantities processed 
are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

2 California dried figs converted to fresh basis at ratio of 3 pounds fresh to 1 pound dried. 

3 Obtained by weighting utilization group or State prices by quantity sold. 

4 Dried only. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1934-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967. table 335. 



GRAPES 



233 



Table 334. — Grapes: Production, value, and foreign trade; also raisin production 
and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 





Grapes 




Year 


Production (fresh basis) J 


Season average price per ton 2 


Total 




Cali- 
fornia 


Other 

States 


United 
States 


Cali- 
fornia 3 


Other 
States 4 


United 

States 4 


value 


1954 


1,000 

tons 
2,327 
3,020 
2,641 
2,382 
2,741 
2,940 
2,766 
2,967 
2,928 
3,439 
3.145 
3,975 
3,400 
2,700 
3,255 
3,600 


1,000 

tons 
236 
222 
270 
206 
282 
276 
303 
288 
311 
293 
333 
376 
309 
362 
294 
303 


1,000 

tons 
2,563 
3,242 
2,911 
2,588 
3,023 
3,216 
3,069 
3,255 
3,239 
3,732 
3,478 
4,351 
3,709 
3,069 
3,549 
3,903 


Dollars 
46.10 
39.10 
48.10 
59.60 
63.30 
48.40 
48.40 
50.20 
57.10 
46.00 
55.80 
38.90 
50.00 
62.80 
60.30 
62.20 


Dollars 
110.00 
102.00 
87.90 
100.00 
111.00 
116.00 
110.00 
108.00 
117.00 
137.00 
129.00 
114.00 
110.00 
118.00 
135.00 
162.00 


Dollars 
51.70 
43.20 
51.70 
62.70 
67.60 
54.10 
54.40 
55.30 
62.80 
53.10 
62.80 
44.90 
55.30 
69.30 
66.40 
69.90 


1,000 
do Uars 
133,326 


1955 


140,651 


1956 


150,886 


1957. 


162,832 


1958 


204,856 


1959 


174,529 


I960 


167,292 


1961 


180,354 


1962 


203,631 


1963 


198,416 


1964 


218,657 


1965 


194,457 


1966. . 


206,738 


1967 


212,492 


1968 


235,827 


1969 5 


273,110 









Grapes 


Raisins 


Year 


Foreign trade , year 
beginning July 


Production 
(California) 7 


Foreign trade , year 
beginning September 8 




Domestic 

exports, 

fresh 


Imports, 
fresh fi 


Domestic 
exports 9 


Imports 
for con- 
sumption 


1954 


Tons 
57,040 
71,715 
72,641 
77,355 
82,517 
94,666 
97,181 
82,359 
100,152 
95,040 
101,106 
131,247 
125,173 
113,757 
119,023 


Tons 
22,109 
21,387 
12,687 
9,897 
15,683 
12,085 
17,556 
13,695 
12,197 
19,456 
25,733 
28,125 
15,082 
23,275 
15,884 


1,000 
tons 

168 
225 
209 
163 
186 
223 
194 
228 
191 
266 
231 
270 
280 
181 
264 
252 


Tons 
38,804 
85,746 
54,602 
30,011 
25,095 
48,060 
66,107 
70,606 
48,649 
60,555 
60,005 
76,238 
71,849 
74,732 
77,742 


Tons 

44 


1955 


34 


1956 


80 


1957 


60 


1958 


639 


1959 


173 


1960 


120 


1961 


23 


1962 


929 


1963 


528 


1964 


163 


1965 


171 


1966 


229 


1967 


100 


1968 


129 


1969 5 















1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage 
of harvested fruit are as follows (1,000 tons) : California— 61 in 1963; other States— 6 in 1957, 0.2 in 1962, 25 in 
1965, 0.3 in 1966, and 6.8 in 1967. 

2 Beginning 1963, quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

3 Equivalent returns per ton for bulk fruit at the first delivery point. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

5 Preliminary. 

6 Converted on the basis of country data, using the following weight per cubic foot: Argentina and Chile, 36 
pounds; Belgium and Netherlands, 10 pounds; Canada, Italy, and Mexico, 40 pounds; Spain, 24 pounds; Re- 
public of South Africa, 16 pounds; and all other, 20 pounds. 

7 Included in total production of grapes, fresh basis; 1 ton of raisins equivalent to about 4 tons of fresh grapes. 

8 Exports and imports of raisins converted to sweatbox, or production basis at the ratio of 1 to 1.08. 

9 Includes currants. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1934-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 336. 



234 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 335. — Grapes: Production and season average price per ton, by States, 

1967-69 





Production 1 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




Tons 
158,000 
1,040 
51,000 


Tons 
116,000 
870 
37,400 


Tons 
121,000 
960 
25,000 


Dollars 
116.00 
117.00 
101.00 


Dollars 
135.00 
136.00 
138.00 


Dollars 
181.00 




150.00 




177.00 








210,040 


154,270 


146,960 
















Ohio 


17,500 

39,000 

900 


10,000 

23,000 

3,750 


9,300 

38,000 

4,500 


123.00 
112.00 
113.00 


135.00 
122.00 
132.00 


185.00 


Michigan 


158.00 
139.00 








57,400 


36,750 


51,800 


















1,600 
3,800 
1,200 


2,000 
4,000 
1,420 


2,200 
4,800 
1,150 


180.00 
107.00 
154.00 


186.00 
123.00 
151.00 


231.00 




157.00 




162.00 








6,600 


7,420 


8,150 


















7,100 


8,500 


11,000 


117.00 


121.00 


125.00 








7,100 


8,500 


11,000 


















14,300 

73,600 

2,700,000 

630,000 

435,000 

1,635,000 

181,000 

884,000 


13,600 

73,500 

3,255,000 

650,000 

470,000 

2,135,000 

264,000 

1,025,000 


15,200 

69,400 

3,600,000 

775,000 

665,000 

2,160,000 

252,000 

1,148,000 


376.00 
85.00 
62.80 
62.10 
61.90 
63.50 

297.00 
56.40 


391.00 
90.00 
60.30 
71.10 
55.80 
58.00 

263.00 
53.00 


250.00 
110.00 




62.20 




80.50 




50.70 




59.20 




253.00 




55.90 








2,787,900 


3,342,100 


3,684,600 


















3,069,040 


3,549,040 


3,902,510 


69.30 


66.40 


69.90 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (tons) : 
1967 — Pennsylvania, 4,500; Ohio, 2,000; South Carolina, 350. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

4 Dried basis. 1 ton of raisins is equivalent to 4.02 tons of fresh grapes for 1969; 4.20 tons for 1968; and 
4.15 tons for 1967. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



GRAPES 235 

Table 336. — Grapes: Production and utilization, United States, 1960-69 





Not 
utilized l 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 




Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Crushed 
for wine , 
juice, etc. 


I960 


Tons 


Tons 
3,068,640 
3,254,930 
3,238,500 
3,732,060 
3,478,000 
4,325,960 
3,733,340 
3,062,190 
3,549,040 
3,902,510 


Tons 

8,278 
6,750 
6,540 
5,985 
5,940 
6,045 
5,706 
5,020 
5,104 
5,084 


Tons 
3,060,362 
3,248,180 
3,231,960 
3,726,075 
3,472,060 
4,319,915 
3,727,634 
3,057,170 
3,543,936 
3,897,426 


Tons 

544,373 

485,710 

586,468 

524,437 

545,943 

593,529 

591,644 

461,730 

552,863 

557,179 


Tons . 

3 40,700 
44,000 

* 43,000 
43,000 
60,000 

3 54,800 
62,000 
54,000 
64,000 
66,300 


Tons 

848,000 
1,075,900 

790,200 
1,070,000 
1,034,800 
1,297,000 
1,185,700 

751,800 
1,111,100 
1,015,200 


Tons 
3 1,627,289 


1961 . . . 




1,642,570 


1962 

1963 

1964 


200 

61 ,000 


3 1,812,292 
2,088,638 
1,831,317 


1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


25,300 

300 

6,850 


3 2,374,586 
1,888,290 
1,789,640 
1,815,973 


1969 4 




2,258,747 









1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Some quantities canned are included with crushed to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 338. 



Table 337. — Grapes: Production and utilization, by States, crop of 1969 (prelim- 
inary) 





Production J 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


State 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Crushed 
for wine, 
juice, etc. 


New York 


Tons 

121,000 

960 

25,000 

9,300 

38,000 

11,000 

69,400 

3,600,000 

775,000 

665,000 

2,160,000 

27,850 


Tons 

220 

20 

204 

120 

300 

150 

500 

2,100 

1,000 

400 

700 

1,470 


Tons 

120,780 

940 

24,796 

9,180 

37,700 

10,850 

68,900 

3,597,900 

774,000 

664,600 

2,159,300 

26,380 


Tons 

2,220 

165 

1,296 

1,125 

2,200 

543 

800 

531,400 

63,000 

232,400 

236,000 

17,430 


Tons 


Tons 


Tons 
118,560 








775 








23,500 


Ohio 






8,055 








35,500 








10,307 








68,100 




66,300 


2 1,015,200 


1,985,000 




711,000 


Table 




3,200 
1,012,000 


429,000 


Raisin 

Other States 3 


66,300 


845,000 
8,950 












3,902,510 


5,084 


3,897,426 


557,179 


66,300 


2 1, 015, 200 


2,258,747 







1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

2 Equivalent raisins produced (dried basis) : 252,800 tons. 

3 Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Arizona. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



236 



FRUITS. TREE NUTS. AND BEVERAGE CROPS. 1970 



Table 338. — Raisins and currants: United States exports by countrv of destination 

1966-68 



Countrv of destination 


Yeai 


beginning July 




1966 


1967 


1968 


Europe: 
Belgium and 

Luxembourg 

Denmark 


Tons 
1,095 

: -- 

2. 783 

461 
2.128 
2,180 

974 
1.910 
3,405 

991 
9,102 

567 


Tons 

932 
4 1 SI 

3.937 

416 

2,563 

2,519 

1,036 

2,052 

3,902 

686 

10,889 

300 


Tons 

1,118 

3,884 

4.083 
600 
2.681 
1.956 
1.271 
2,322 
3,511 

:±2 

9.846 
345 


France 


Germany. West 


Netherlands 


Norway 


Sweden 






Others 


Total 


:- :; 


33.416 


32.359 


Latin American Republics: 
Brazil 


526 


524 

14 
74 
62 

192 
26 
51 
26 
1.164 
33 

215 


428 

67 

149 

238 

35 

74 

20 

2.492 

27 

333 




65 

103 

247 

40 

62 

24 

1.975 

33 

280 


Dominican Republic 

Ecuador 


Guatemala 

Honduras 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



Country of destination 



Latin American Republics- 
Continued 
Peru 

Others 



Year beginning July 



19W 1967 196* 



Tors 



753 



; : 



Total . 



5.320 



Other countries: 
Canada 

Indonesia 

Israel and Palestine. 



7.414 

608 

50 

5 

Japan 18.902 

Malaysia. .. .- BS6 

Nansei and Nanpo 

Islands 224 

Netherlands Antilles 61 

New Zealand 1,259 

Philippines 1 .365 

Vietnam. South 70 

West Indies 176 

Others 1,044 



Total _ : : U 

Grand total 



Tons 



285 

1,213 

55 



■ r : 4 



,0,0 

:2: 



IS 57S 
906 



128 

1,165 

1,880 

76 

201 
1.834 

•: : 



Tons 



120 

1.153 
43 



5,068 



: 391 

667 

19 

9 

20,424 

919 

404 
73 

1.332 
1.805 
1.039 
206 
1,313 

33,503 



69,566 70,929 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the L .S. Department of Commerce. 



NECTARINES; OLIVES 237 

Table 339. — Nectarines: Production, utilization, and value, California, 1954-69 





Production 1 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of 
quantities sold 


Season 

average 

price per 

ton 2 


Value 




Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed 
(fresh basis) 




1954 


Tons 
18,800 
24,000 
19,000 
36,000 

3 31, 000 
39,000 
44,000 
54,000 
51,000 
57,000 
75,000 

3 64,800 
68,000 
55,000 
64,000 
66,000 


Tons 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 


Tons 

18,600 
23,800 
18,800 
35,800 
30,800 
38,800 
43,800 
53,800 
50,800 
56,800 
74,800 
64,600 
67,800 
54,800 
63 , 800 
65,800 


Tons 
17,900 
23,100 
18,400 
35,200 
29,200 
37,600 
43,000 
52,600 
49,500 
54,800 
73,000 
63,500 
4 67,800 
4 54,800 
62,900 
64,800 


Tons 

700 

700 

400 

600 

1,600 

1,200 

800 

1,200 

1,300 

2,000 

1,800 

1,100 

( 4 ) 

(') 

900 

1,000 


Dollars 
128.00 
148.00 
181.00 
148.00 
149.00 
115.00 
106.00 
103.00 
108.00 
94.90 
94.50 
86.00 
142.00 
157.00 
147.00 
140.00 


1,000 
dollars 
2,406 


1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


3,552 
3,439 
5,328 
4,619 
4,485 


1960 


4,664 


1961 

1962 


5,562 
5,508 


1963 

1964 

1965 


5,409 
7,088 
5,573 


1966 


9,656 


1967. . 


8,635 


1968 


9,408 


1969 5 


9,240 







1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

2 Fresh fruit prices are equivalent returns at first delivery point. Processing fruit prices are at first delivery 
point prior to 1963; beginning in 1963, they are equivalent returns at processing plant door. 

3 Excludes 3,000 tons of excess cullage for 1958, and 2,200 tons not harvested for 1965. 

4 Some quantities canned or otherwise processed are included with fresh sales to avoid disclosure of individual 
operations. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 342. 



Table 340. 



-Olives: Production, value, utilization, and imports, United States, 
1954-69 x 





Produc- 
tion 2 


Season 
average 

price 
per ton 3 


Value 


Utilization 


Imported, year beginning July 


Year 


Crushed 
for oil 


Canned 


Other 4 


Olive oil 


Olives 




Edible 


Inedible 


In brine 


Dried 


1954 


Tons 
50,000 
36,000 
70,000 
37,000 
66,000 
27,000 
66,000 
*4,000 
52,000 
57,000 
54,000 
50,000 
63,000 
14,000 
86,000 
70,000 


Dollars 
166.00 
242.00 
178.00 
236.00 
101.00 
229.00 
157.00 
160.00 
214.00 
198.00 
138.00 
220.00 
241.00 
383.00 
368.00 
329.00 


1,000 
dollars 
8,300 
8,712 
12,460 
8,732 
6,666 
6,183 
10,362 
7,040 
11,128 
11,286 
7,452 
11,000 
15,183 
5,362 
31,648 
23,030 


Tons 
11,500 
3,900 
17,800 
3,100 
21,300 
2,300 
7,800 
7,800 
5,700 
7,500 
6,200 
3,800 
4,800 
1,470 
4,600 
5,200 


Tons 
29,400 
26,700 
38,200 
25,000 
33,800 
20,400 
44,300 
26,100 
37,700 
39,100 
37,500 
37,800 
45,500 
10,230 
62,800 
51,700 


Tons 

8,200 

5,000 

12,600 
7,500 

10,100 
3,900 

12,900 
9,200 
7,800 
9,600 
9,400 
7,500 

11,900 
2,000 

18,000 

12,500 


1,000 

pounds 

56,800 

52,840 

43,527 

47,754 

57,159 

54,692 

53,490 

55,586 

43,904 

53,679 

54,847 

45,334 

55,293 

56,608 

59,940 


1,000 

pounds 

3,577 

788 

18,141 

268 

347 

416 

523 

239 

211 

672 

945 

224 

1,415 

1,417 

297 


1,000 
gallons 
12,626 
13,684 
10,327 
12,035 
13,319 
14,412 
14,885 
15,726 
11,950 
14,175 
15,171 
12,541 
14,936 
13,716 
17,066 


1,000 
pounds 
423 


1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 


839 

499 

530 

428 

911 

910 

1,024 

1,186 

1,121 

785 

922 


1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 5 


1,041 
1,514 
1,316 













1 Production, price, value, and utilization for California only. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. In 1958, 2,000 additional tons were not harvested for economic 
reasons. 

3 Beginning 1963, quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

4 Includes Spanish, Greek, and Sicilian styles, and chopped, minced, brined, and other cures. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Imports compiled from the reports of the 
U.S. Department of Commerce. About 40 gallons of oil are obtained from 1 ton of olives in California. Data 
for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 343. 



238 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 341. — Peaches: Production and season average price per pound, 1967-69 



State and division 


Production ' 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




Milium 

pounds 
( 4 ) 

0.1 
( 4 ) 

.6 

8.0 

50.0 

38.4 


Million 

pounds 

0.8 

2.9 

.6 

6.2 

18.0 

100.5 

106.1 


Million 

pounds 

0.1 

2.6 

.7 

6.3 

20.8 

104.5 

120.0 


Cents 


Cents 
10.50 
10.50 
10.00 
12.00 
10.30 
8.20 
6.60 


Cents 
10 50 




15.60 


10 50 




9 50 




15.00 
12.90 
12.20 
10.30 


10 50 




8 08 




7 40 




5 54 








97.1 


235.1 


255.0 
















Ohio 


10.0 
7.2 
27.7 
68.5 
15.4 
3.6 


15.0 
5.5 
16.0 
34.5 
18.0 
6.2 


28.0 
11.0 
25.2 
97.0 
21.6 
9.5 


11.90 
11.20 
6.60 
9.67 
6.56 
9.00 


9.68 
9.10 
6.80 
8.40 
6.88 
8.50 


8 45 




7 90 




6 60 




5 00 




6 56 




7 40 






North Central 


132.4 


95.2 


192.3 


















2.4 
8.2 
24.5 
5.8 
40.0 
171.0 
145.1 


3.5 
20.5 
50.0 
21.6 

77.8 
400.0 
234.5 


4.0 
22.0 
44.7 
27.4 
56.0 
338.0 
175.2 


11.20 
10.60 
7.80 
9.48 
8.99 
940 
8.18 


7.85 
7.93 
4.90 
5.82 
6.58 
4.70 
5.72 


7 70 




6 90 




4 90 




4 95 




6 74 




5 20 




7 02 








397.0 


807.9 


667.3 


















10.2 
9.1 
50.0 
17.5 
52.0 
9.0 
10.1 
28.8 


16.3 
6.7 
39.0 
12.5 
36.4 
7.3 
10.0 
30.2 


16.5 
9.4 
50.0 
17.5 
42.0 
7.5 
12.0 
32.3 


8.05 
6.04 
6.90 
6.00 
8.13 
9.10 
5.83 
7.90 


7.50 
646 
6.55 
6.53 
6.17 
9.20 
6.40 
7.70 


7 10 




6.04 

7.85 




7.00 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


6.50 
10.60 
6.34 
7.20 


South Central 


186.7 


158.4 


187.2 


















12.1 
6.3 
13.0 
41.3 
11.0 

1,376.0 
412.0 


65 
31.6 
16.0 
27.0 

5.0 

1,708.0 
500.0 


15.0 
32.8 
15.0 

4.8 
16.0 

1,800.0 
480.0 


6.10 
10.40 
5.94 
8.27 
8.20 

4.88 
5.66 


7.00 
5.60 
5.30 
10.80 
11.90 

4.62 

5.78 


8.40 


Colorado 

Utah 


7.30 
5.56 


Washington 

Oregon 

California: 

Clingstone 5 

Freestone 


10.30 
6.30 

4.64 
4.97 




1,871.7 


2,294.1 


2,363.6 
















United States 


2,684.9 


3,590.7 


3,665.4 


6.36 


5.44 


5.35 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (million 
pounds): 1967— Illinois, 0.3; Georgia, 3.7; Louisiana, 0.2; Idaho, 0.4; Colorado, 0.4; Washington, 0.7; 1968— 
New Jersey, 19.5; North Carolina, 7.2; South Carolina, 16.0; Georgia, 17.5; Colorado, 6.4; Washington, 2.6; 
1969— New Jersey, 13.5; Illinois, 0.8; Michigan, 20.0; Virginia, 2.8; North Carolina, 3.0; Colorado, 6.7. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

4 Production too small to warrant quantitative estimate. 

5 Mainly for canning. Includes culls and cannery diversions as follows (million pounds): 157.6 in 1967, 
172.6 in 1968, and 228.0 in 1969. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



PEACHES 



239 



Table 342. — Peaches: Production, value, and domestic exports, United States, 

1959-69 





Not 
utilized ' 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Season 
average 
price 3 


Value 


Domestic exports, year beginning July 


Year 


Fresh 


Dried 4 


Canned 


Canned, 
in fruit 
salad 5 


Dried, 
in fruit 
salad 4 6 


Total in 
terms of 
fresh 7 


1959 


Millions 
pounds 


Millions 
pounds 
3,300.2 
3,552.4 
3,555.9 
3,703.4 
3,547.8 
3,510.5 
3,159.7 
3,428.7 
3,352.0 
3,379.6 
2,684.9 
3,590.7 
3,665.4 


Cents 

per 

pound 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
bushels 


1959 

I960...-. 

1961 


149.3 
125.4 
207.5 
224.3 
121.4 


3.97 
3.84 
3.95 
3.87 
4.35 


137,432 
133,519 
141,150 
131,798 
149,024 


27,471 
54,592 
33,565 
29,939 
25,372 


1,357 
1,429 
1,318 
1,377 

776 


159,542 
189,295 
238,023 
286,325 
215,056 


32,941 
38,196 
50,246 
58,565 
51,043 


1,455 
1,159 
1,502 
1,700 
1,247 


4,938 
6,204 
7,062 


1962 

1963 

1964 


8,284 
6,328 


1964 

1965 

1966 


176.3 
323.5 
194.5 
73.3 
69.2 
46.8 


4.59 
4.54 
5.27 
6.36 
5.44 
5.35 


151,153 
144,641 
169,752 
161,155 
186,260 
184,451 


20,089 
36,983 
26,813 
26,432 
38,115 


1,018 

1,133 

1,260 

702 

267 


236,595 
201,121 
229,094 
88,861 
114,887 


67,980 
53,567 
61,157 
37,903 
44,792 


1,313 
1,654 
1,142 
1,057 
826 


7,059 
6,399 
6,884 


1967 

1968 . 


3,395 
4,247 


1969 8 

















1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized except for California Clingstone which includes the following 
quantities of cannery diversions and culls (million pounds): 104.0 in 1959, 98.0 in 1960, 141.0 in 1961, 160.8 
in 1962, 92.4 in 1963, 152.4 in 1964, 178.0 in 1965, 169.6 in 1966, 157.6 in 1967, 172.6 in 1968, and 228.0 in 1969. 

3 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. Beginning 1963, quantities processed are priced at 
the equivalent processing plant door level. 

4 Net processed weight. 

5 Canned peaches are 40 percent of total canned fruit for salad. 

6 Dried peaches are 21 percent of total dried fruit for salad. 

7 Beginning June 1965, exports of dried fruit converted to unprocessed dry weight by dividing by 1.08 (1.07 
prior to June 1965). Unprocessed dry weight converted to terms of fresh fruit on the basis that 1 pound dried 
equals 6.0 pounds fresh (6.5 prior to June 1965). Canned peaches converted to terms of fresh on basis that 1 
pound canned equals about 1 pound fresh. 

8 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census of harvested production. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 344. 



Table 343. — Peaches, fresh: Production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 

Mexico 

United States . . 

Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 

Total 

Europe: 

Austria 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Spain 

Yugoslavia .... 

Total 



1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bushels 2 


bushels 2 


bushels 2 


1.6 


1.9 


1.8 


3.5 


3.5 


3.6 


56.1 


76.2 


77.6 


61.2 


81.6 


83.0 


10.3 


11.9 


10.8 


2.1 


2.0 


1.8 


12.4 


13.9 


12.6 


.4 


.4 


.4 


18.6 


28.2 


24.1 


1.0 


2.6 


1.4 


5.2 


6.6 


6.3 


51.7 


60.4 


42.5 


6.4 


9.7 


8.6 


2.5 


2.2 


2.5 


85.8 


110.1 


85.8 



Continent and country 



Africa: 
South Africa, Repub- 
lic of 

Asia: 

Japan 

Turkey 

Total 

Oceania: 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Total 

Total specified 
countries 



1,000 



13.1 
4.7 



6.3 
1.2 



7.5 



190. 



1968 1969 ] 



1,000 
bushels 2 



13.6 
4.5 



18.1 



5.8 
1.3 



7.1 



237.1 



1,000 
bushels 2 



6.5 



14.0 
3.7 



17.7 



5.7 
1.4 



7.1 



212.7 



1 Preliminary. 

2 48 pounds. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



240 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 344. — Peaches: Production and utilization, United States, 1960-69 





Not 
utilized l 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Crop of — 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 3 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 4 


Dried 


Frozen 


Other 5 


1960 


MiUion 
pounds 
27.4 
66.5 
63.5 
29.0 
23.9 
145.5 
24.9 
5.7 
69.2 
46.8 


MiUion 
pounds 
3,555.9 
3,703.4 
3,547.8 
3,510.5 
3,428.7 
3,352.0 
3,379.6 
2,684.9 
3,590.7 
3,665.4 


MiUion 
pounds 
68.1 
66.0 
53.1 
46.0 
41.2 
45.2 
41.3 
34.0 
36.8 
37.0 


MiUion 

pounds 

3,389.8 

3,496.4 

3,333.9 

3,372.1 

3,235.1 

3,128.8 

3,168.7 

2,493.3 

3,381.3 

3,400.4 


Million 
pounds 
1,682.2 
1,725.6 
1,475.1 
1,408.6 
1,110.0 
1,311.7 
1,196.7 
934.8 
1,324.7 
1,382.3 


Million 
pounds 
1,528.3 
1,614.4 
1,687.3 
1,784.4 
1.939.6 
1,648.2 
1.828.8 
1,413.4 
1,874.6 
1,873.5 


Million 
pounds 
71.6 
57.8 
82.4 
766 
67.4 
70.6 
44.0 
25.5 
36.6 
56.2 


MiUion 
pounds 

100.1 
89.0 
79.1 
90.7 

106.9 
82.6 
88.2 
96.9 

109.6 
59.9 


MiUion 
pounds 
7 6 


1961 


9 6 


1962 

1963 


10.0 

11 8 


1964 

1965 

1966 


11.2 
15.7 

11 


1967 

1968 


22.7 
35 8 


1969 6 


28.5 



1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized, except California Clingstone which includes the following 
quantities of cannery diversions and culls (million pounds): 98.0 in 1960, 141.0 in 1961, 160.8 in 1962, 92.4 in 
1963, 152.4 in 1964, 178.0 in 1965, 169.6 in 1966, 157.6 in 1967, 172.6 in 1968, and 228.0 in 1969. 

3 Includes some quantities canned and frozen. 

4 Includes quantities frozen and otherwise processed. 

5 Includes small quantities frozen for some years. Used for jams, preserves, brandy, etc. 

6 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 347. 



Table 345. — Peaches: Production and utilization, by regions, crop of 1969 (prelim 

inary) 





Produc- 
tion l 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Region 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 2 


Dried 


Frozen 


Other 3 


North Atlantic 4 


MiUion 

pounds 

255.0 

667.3 

192.3 

187.2 

1,800.0 

480.0 

83.6 


MiUion 

pounds 

3.5 

12.4 

4.8 

11.6 

1.0 

2.0 

1.7 


MiUion 

pounds 

251.5 

654.9 

187.5 

175.6 

1,571.0 

478.0 

81.9 


Million 

pounds 

239.6 

533.4 

172.0 

8 175.6 

1.6 

178.2 

81.9 


MiUion 

pounds 

10.4 

96.2 

15.5 

( 8 ) 

1,550.2 

201.2 


Million 
pounds 


Million 

pounds 

1.5 

16.0 


MiUion 
pounds 






9.3 


North Central 6 






South Central 7 














19.2 




56.2 


42.4 


















United States 


10 3,665.4 


37.0 


3,400.4 


1,382.3 


1,873.5 


56.2 


59.9 


28.5 



1 Production is the quantity sold or utilized, except California Clingstone which includes culls and cannery 
diversion of 228.0 million pounds. 

2 Some quantities otherwise processed are included with canned to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

3 Used for jams, preserves, brandy, etc. 

4 New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. 

5 Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. 

6 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and Kansas. 

7 Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. 

8 Some quantities canned or otherwise processed are included with fresh sales to avoid disclosure of individual 
operations. 

9 Idaho, Colorado, Utah, Washington, and Oregon. 

1 ° Excludes the following quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested 
fruit (million pounds): New Jersey, 13.5; Virginia, 2.8; North Carolina, 3.0; Illinois, 0.8; Michigan, 20.0; and 
Colorado, 6.7. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



PEACHES; PEARS 



241 



Table 346. — Peaches, canned: United States exports by country of destination, 

196&-68 



Country of destination 


Year beginning July 


Country of destination 


Year beginning 


July 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1966 


1967 


1968 


Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxembourg 
Denmark 


1,000 

■pounds 
6,783 

15,284 
7,040 
2,964 
7,096 

81,363 

237 

186 

1,273 

22,794 
6,535 

18,661 

6,208 

3,795 

583 


1,000 
pounds 
3,933 
7,505 
3,986 
1,012 
2,520 
15,878 
145 


1,000 

pounds 

3,068 

6,402 

2,493 

1,036 

229 

24,858 

152 

4 

345 

4,615 

4,375 

10,088 

6,577 

175 

176 


Other countries: 
Arabia Peninsula States . . 

Bahrain 

Canada 


1,000 

pounds 

13 

49 

38,901 

322 


1,000 

pounds 

7 

9 

29,091 

184 


1,000 

pounds 

53 

11 

38,183 

156 






6 




United Arab Republic 

French Pacific Islands 


15 
78 
447 
25 
17 






Iceland 


39 

247 

8 

35 


36 
322 


Italy 


154 
6,187 
2,290 
4,551 
4,153 
909 
390 




12 




7 






34 






1,401 

277 

188 

2 

182 

96 

170 

298 

12 

1,023 

85 

807 

263 


998 
85 
81 
37 
84 
24 
72 
152 
3 
734 
103 
727 
414 


5,308 






180 


United Kingdom 

Others 




104 




28 






154 


Total 


180,802 


53,613 


64,593 




119 






352 
349 


Latin American Republics: 


39 
366 
59 
10 
25 
179 
137 
1,044 


51 

394 

54 


16 

551 

95 


Netherlands Antilles 






i,376 






86 






940 


El Salvador 


43 

48 

12 

936 


17 
186 

29 
798 


Others 


217 


Guatemala 


Total 




44,671 


33,134 


48,033 


Panama 






229,094 


88,861 


114,887 


Peru 

Others 


335 

1,327 

100 


207 
291 

78 


1 
513 
55 






Total 


3,621 


2,114 


2,261 





Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 

Table 347. — Pears: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1959-69 



Year 



1959 


Tons 


1959 


950 


1960. . . 


1,250 


1961 

1962 


2,850 
2,900 


1963 


3,000 


1964 




1964 

1965 

1966 


9,905 
3,625 
27,255 


1967 

1968 


11,100 
6,460 


1969 8 


15,250 



Not 
utilized ' 



Produc- 
tion 2 



Tons 
682,189 
721 ,390 
622,740 
656,020 
708,480 
468,520 
688,394 
718,565 
495,805 
722,165 
451,980 
616,390 
711,650 



Season 
average 
price 3 



Dollars 
per ton 



72.30 
87.80 
92.40 
72.50 
111.00 



92.50 
132.00 

87.40 
164.00 
135.00 
103.00 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 



52,081 
54,458 
60,531 
51,797 
52,087 



66,383 
65,484 
63,128 
73,918 
83,231 
73,122 



Foreign trade, year beginning July 



Domestic exports 



Fresh 



1,000 
pounds 



80,529 
52,754 
68,303 
70,758 
38,706 



57,029 
69,779 
67,655 
51,190 
36,742 



Canned 



1,000 
pounds 



12,898 
9,392 
10,719 
11,190 
6,001 



7,542 
5,725 
7,184 
3,375 
4,547 



Dried 4 



1,000 
pounds 



558 
525 

1,170 
793 

428 



356 

562 



205 
367 



Dried, 
in fruit 
salad - 



1,000 
pounds 



1,159 

920 

1,192 

1,349 



1,042 

1,313 

906 

839 

656 



Canned, 
in fruit 
salad 6 



1,000 
pounds 



28,823 
33,421 
43,966 
51,244 
44,663 



59,482 
46,871 
53,512 
33,165 
39,193 



Total, 
in terms 
of fresh 

fruit 7 



1,000 
bushels 



2,801 
2,242 
2,938 
3,149 
2,146 



2,864 
2,691 
2,740 
1,890 
1,743 



Im- 
ports 
for con- 
sump- 
tion, 
fresh 



1,000 
pounds 



14,399 
9,254 

17,852 
13,968 
21,914 



11,148 
6,890 
15,109 
26,469 
30,995 



1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 2 Production is the 
quantity sold or utilized. s Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 4 Net processed 
weight. 5 Dried pears are 16% percent of total dried fruit for salad. 6 Canned pears are 35 percent of 
total canned fruit for salad. 7 Beginning June 1965, canned pears converted to terms of fresh on the basis 
that 1 pound canned equals about 1.0 pound fresh (1.2 prior to June 1965); dried pears converted to terms of 
fresh on the basis that 1 pound dried equals about 6.5 pounds fresh (5.5 prior to June 1965) ; 50 pounds fresh 
equals 1 bushel, except in California, where 48 pounds equals 1 bushel. 8 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census of harvested production. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 350. 



242 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 348. — Pears: Production and season average price per ton, by States, 1967-69 



State and division 


Production l 


Price s for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Connecticut 


Tons 
1,880 
17,200 
2,600 


Tons 
1,600 
9,300 
3,250 


Tons 
2,150 
18,000 
3,200 


Dollars 
188.00 
131.00 
209.00 


Dollars 
185.00 
148.00 
150.00 


Dollars 
185.00 
122 00 


Pennsylvania 


134.00 




21,680 


14,150 


23,350 


















21,000 


11,000 


23,000 


135.00 


122.00 


67 00 








21,000 


11,000 


23,000 


















1,900 

1,500 

4,500 

144,500 

93,000 

51,500 

151,000 

71,000 

80,000 

117,000 

104,000 

13,000 


700 

5,700 

6,300 

141,540 

97,500 

44,040 

93,000 

44,000 

49,000 

344,000 

322,000 

22,000 


2,100 

7,800 

5,500 

107,900 

69,700 

38,200 

191,000 

82,000 

109,000 

351,000 

336,000 

15,000 


134.00 
124.00 
120.00 
162.00 
179.00 
126.00 
151.00 
176.00 
128.00 
193.00 
195.00 
178.00 


134.00 
127.00 
97.00 
136.00 
125.00 
161.00 
146.00 
128.00 
162.00 
132.00 
132.00 
134.00 


89 00 




115 00 


Utah 

Washington, all 

Bartlett 

Other 


92.00 
95.50 
93.00 
100.00 
100 00 


Bartlett 

Other f 

California, all 

Bartlett 

Other 


109.00 
94.00 
107.00 
107.00 
102.00 




420,400 


591,240 


655,300 


















463,080 


616,390 


711,650 


164.00 


135.00 


103.00 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (tons) : 
1967— Utah, 370; Washington, Bartlett, 2,200; Washington, other, 8,530; 1968— Washington, Bartlett, 3,500; 
Washington, other 2,960; 1969 — Michigan, 6,000; Colorado, 150; Washington, Bartlett, 3,800; Washington, 
other, 5,300. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for Oregon and Washington, equivalent returns for bulk fruit at the 
first delivery point for California, and the average price as sold for other States. Quantities processed are 
priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 349.- 



-Pears, fresh (dessert and cooking) : Production in specified countries, 
1967-69 x 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 4 

Mexico 

United States 4 . 

Total 

South America: . . 

Argentina 

Chile 4 

Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and 
Luxembourg . 

Denmark 4 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Netherlands . . . 

Norway 



1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bushels 3 


bushels 3 


bushels 3 


1,948 


1,882 


1,292 


1,739 


1,724 


1,504 


20,581 


27,682 


32,078 


24,268 


31,288 


34,874 


5,477 


5,026 


4,733 


588 


598 


720 


2,646 


2,768 


2,523 


2,474 


4,101 


2,964 


372 


453 


392 


17,735 


21,868 


19,813 


19,841 


29,948 


19,077 


3,364 


4,472 


4,053 


64,507 


68,357 


70,547 


3,527 


8,818 


4,899 


257 


600 


663 



Continent and country 



Europe — Continued 

Spain 

Sweden 4 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom .... 

Yugoslavia. . 

Total 

Asia: 

Japan 

Lebanon 

Turkey 

Africa: 

South Africa, Repub- 
lic of 

Oceania: 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Total specified 
countries 5 



1,000 
bushels 3 

5,389 
235 
770 

1,150 

4,252 



126,519 



21,889 

294 

8,084 



4,133 



7,351 
925 



199,528 



1968 



1,000 

bushels 3 

10,685 

279 

1,351 

3,758 

4,840 



162,298 



23,276 
465 

8,818 



5,073 
795 



241,878 



1,000 

bushels 3 

9,421 

147 

946 

2,937 

4,899 



143,281 



24,398 

78 
8,328 



3,556 

7,820 



228,674 



1 Years shown refer to years of harvest in Northern Hemisphere. Harvests of Northern Hemisphere coun- 
tries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus the crop harvested 
in the Northern Hemisphere in 1968 is combined with preliminary forecasts for the Southern Hemisphere har- 
vests which began late in 1968 and ended early in 1969. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Basic production data reported in units other than bushels converted to 45-pound equivalents. 

4 Commercial crop. 

5 May include some cider pears. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



PEARS 
Table 350.— Pears: International trade, 1966-68 



243 





1966 


1967 


1968 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


North America: 


1,000 
bushels 

96 


1,000 
bushels 

721 

14 

8 

215 


1,000 
bushels 

200 


1,000 
bushels 

371 
.2 
9 

348 


1,000 
bushels 

86 


1,000 
bushels 

592 




28 










8 




1,368 


1,127 


755 


453 






Total 


1,464 


958 


1,327 


730 


841 


1,081 


South America: 


1,570 




1,795 


765' 


2,098 
156' 






487 


861 


Chile 


177 


126 










Total 


1,747 


487 


1,921 


765 


2,254 


861 






Europe: 
Austria 


59 

78 
4 


827 

1,103 

158 

260 

2,587 

8,535 

194 

46 

468 

227 

942 

3,554 

34 


1 
229 

4 

1^307 


956 

817 

234 

279 

2,502 

8,146 

210 

76 

630 

403 

872 

2,904 

84 


17 

251 

2 


661 
683 


Denmark 


198 
323 


France 


1,055 


1,532 


1,570 
6,663 






12^735 

790 




174 


Italy 

Netherlands 


10,685 
1,700 


8,505 
1,019 

25 


147 

698 
238 


Sweden 


43 


28 


784 
2,606 










170 










Total 


13,624 


18,935 


15,094 


18,113 


11,351 


14,915 






Africa: 


2 
1,756 




2 
1,309 




1 
1,355 




South Africa, Republic of 














Total 


1,758 




1,311 




1,356 












Asia: 


167 




251 
170 


'366 
2 


234 






300 
4 


300 




64 


285 


3 






Total 


231 


304 


421 


302 


519 


303 






Oceania: 


1,915 
173 




1,291 

117 




1,519 

150 




















Total 


2,088 




1,408 




1,669 












World total 


20,912 


20,684 


21,482 


19,910 


17,990 


17,160 







1 Includes quinces. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



244 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 351. — Pears, western: Average auction price per box, all grades, New York, 

1960-69 



Season beginning July 


Bartlett 


Hardy 

DoUars 
4.74 
3.58 


Flemish 
Beauty 


Cornice 


Bosc 


D'Anjou 


Winter 
Nelis 


Weighted 
average • 


I960 


DoUars 
6.22 
5.87 
4.72 
6.46 
5.09 
8.12 
5.37 
7.86 
7.78 
6.16 


DoUars 
3.76 
3.42 


DoUars 
5.90 
5.54 
5.20 
6.40 
5.42 
5.89 
5.08 
6.47 
7.96 
5.35 


DoUars 
5.43 
5.26 
4.50 
6.30 
5.31 
6.74 
6.38 
7.37 
8.64 
6.13 


DoUars 
5.42 
5.61 
5.20 
4.74 
5.58 
5.63 
5.04 
6.12 
6.49 
5.44 


DoUars 
4.50 
6.45 
4.28 
4.11 
4.61 
3.59 
3.87 


DoUars 
5 87 


1961 

1962 


5.74 


1963 




3.96 
3.05 
3.56 
3.27 
4.54 
4.94 
4.52 


5 88 


1964 




5 36 


1965 




6 65 


1966 . 




5 46 


1967. . 




6 83 


1968 




4.12 

3.40 


7 83 


1969 2 




5 16 









1 Includes all varieties of western pears sold on New York auction market. 

2 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Compiled from New York Daily Fruit Reporter. Prices are weighted by 
number of boxes sold each day. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 354. 

Table 352.— Pears: Production and utilization, United States, 1960-69 





Not 
utilized : 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Crop of — 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 3 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 4 


Dried 


1960 


Tons 
1,250 
2,850 
2,900 
3,000 
9,905 
3,625 

27,255 

11,100 
6,460 

15,250 


Tons 
622,740 
656,020 
708,480 
468,520 
718,565 
495,805 
722,165 
451,980 
616,390 
711,650 


Tons 

17,611 
8,665 
7,540 
6,674 
6,436 
5,860 
6,480 
4,691 
4,530 
5,065 


Tons 

605,129 
647,355 
700,940 
461,846 
712,129 
489,945 
715,685 
447,289 
611,860 
706,585 


Tons 

234,004 
252,635 
284,990 
183,996 
252,409 
198,120 
286,209 
186,387 
206,594 
279,166 


Tons 
362,325 
388,020 
406,550 
275,050 
450,920 
290,725 
421,176 
259,702 
402,666 
423,219 


Tons 

8,800 


1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 


6,700 
9,400 
2,800 
8,800 
1,100 
8,300 
1,200 


1968 


2,600 


1969 s 


4,200 







1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Includes some quantities canned or otherwise processed. 

4 For some States includes some dried or otherwise processed. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 356. 

Table 353. — Pears: Production and utilization, by regions, crop of 1969 (preliminary) 





Not 
utilized 1 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Region 


Home use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Canned 


Dried 


Total Eastern and Central States 3 


Tons 

6,000 

3,800 

5,300 

150 


Tons 

46,350 
487,700 
162,200 

15,400 


Tons 

1,710 

2,200 

900 

255 


Tons 

44,640 
485,500 
161,300 

15,145 


Tons 
19,955 
95,200 
6 152,500 
11,511 


Tons 

24,685 

5 386,10O 

8,800 

3,634 


Tons 


Pacific Coast Bartlett 4 


4,200 


Pacific Coast other pears 4 


( 6 ) 






United States 


15,250 


711,650 


5,065 


706,585 


279,166 


423,219 


4,200 







1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, and Michigan. 
* Washington, Oregon, and California. 

5 Some quantities dried or otherwise processed are included with canned to avoid disclosure of individual 
operations. 

6 Some quantities canned, dried, or otherwise processed are included in fresh sales to avoid disclosure of in- 
dividual operations. 

7 Idaho, Colorado, and Utah. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



PRUNES AND PLUMS 



245 



Table 354.- 


-Prunes and plums: x Product 


ion, value, and 


utilizat 


ion, 4 States, 1959-69 




Not 
utilized 2 


Produc- 
tion 3 


Season 
average 

price 
per ton 4 


Value 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of quantities sold 


Year 


Home 
use 


Sold 


Fresh 


Processed (fresh basis) 




Dried « 


Canned 6 


Frozen 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


Tons 
1,200 
225 
1,000 
1,800 
940 

13,612 
1,626 
1,020 
1,728 
3,720 

11,300 


Tons 
94,700 
32,475 
75,000 
90,300 
50,960 
70,688 
72,574 
65,180 
72,972 
40,280 
89,500 


Dollars 
85.40 
186.00 
121.00 
81.90 
123.00 
86.00 
98.50 
119.00 
109.00 
145.00 
100.00 


1,000 
dollars 
8,066 
6,028 
9,041 
7,390 
6,269 
6,022 
7,137 
7,721 
7,958 
5,859 
8,981 


Tons 
3,250 
1,330 
2,015 
2,020 
1,175 
1,304 
1,570 
1,260 
1,190 
610 
600 


Tons 
91,450 
31,145 
72,985 

88,280 
49,785 
69,384 
71,004 
63,920 
71,782 
39,670 
88,900 


Tons 
7 46,390 
7 22,750 
36,065 
36,640 
29,035 
35,451 
34,771 
31,460 
32,153 
23,400 
38,380 


Tons 

17,500 

■ 700 

9,750 

15,700 

455 

5,475 

5,700 

7,100 

7,400 

300 

7,200 


Tons 
26,910 

7,425 
26,370 
34,940 
19,855 
27,568 
29,168 
24,010 
29,829 
14,995 
40,500 


Tons 
650 
270 
800 
1,000 
440 


1964 


890 


1965 

1966 


1,365 
1,350 


1967 

1968 


2,400 
975 


1969 8 


2,820 



1 Michigan, Idaho, Washington, and Oregon. Mostly prunes; however, estimates include small quantities 
of plums in all States. 

2 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

3 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

4 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantities sold. 

5 Equivalent fresh basis. The dried tonnage sales figures are as follows (tons): 5,150 in 1959, 210 in 1960, 
2,954 in 1961, 4,641 in 1962, 147 in 1903, 1,660 in 1964, 1,716 in 1965, 2,029 in 1966, 2,147 in 1967, 90 in 
1968, and 2,055 in 1969. 

6 Some quantities of frozen, dried, or otherwise processed are included with canned to avoid disclosure of indi- 
vidual operations. 

7 Some quantities canned, frozen, or otherwise processed are included with fresh sales to avoid disclosure of 
individual operations. 

8 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, tables 358 and 365, for plums 
in Michigan and California, and prunes in Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California. 

Table 355. — Prunes and plums (fresh basis) : Production and season average price 

per ton, by States, 1967-69 



State 


Production l 


Price 3 for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


Michigan 

Idaho 

Washington 

Oregon 


Tons 
15,000 
16,500 
12,700 
30,500 


Tons 

13,000 
6,480 
9,800 

11,000 


Tons 
14,500 
17,500 
27,200 
30,300 


Dollars 
93.00 
130.00 
150.00 
90.70 


Dollars 
107.00 
128.00 
176.00 
174.00 


Dollars 

81.00 
111.00 
141.00 

67.00 


Total, 4 States 


74,700 


40,280 


89,500 


109.00 


145.00 


100.00 







1 Additional quantities of fruit not harvested and excess cullage of harvested fruit are as follows (tons) : 
1967— Idaho, 328; Washington, 1,400; 1968— Idaho, 2,520; Washington, 1,200; 1969— Michigan, 1,500; 
Idaho, 8,000; Washington, 1,800. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing plant door level. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 356. — Plums, California: Production, value, and utilization, 1959-69 



Season 


Not 
utilized 1 


Produc- 
tion 2 


Season 

average 

price per 

ton 3 


Value 


Farm disposition 


Utilization of 
quantities sold 




Home use 


Sold 


Fresh sales 


Processed 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 


Tons 
3,000 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
5,000 
3,000 
5,000 
9,000 
3,000 


Tons 

90,000 

80,000 

85,000 

82,000 

101,000 

110,000 

108,000 

86,000 

95,000 

106,000 

67,000 


Dollars 
155.00 
192.00 
188.00 
170.00 
162.00 
149.00 
141.00 
182.00 
180.00 
178.00 
237.00 


1,000 

dollars 
13,950 
15,360 
15,980 
13,940 
16,632 
16,390 
15,228 
15,652 
17,100 
18,868 
15,879 


Tons 
300 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 


Tons 
89,700 
79,800 
84,800 
81,800 
100,800 
109,800 
107,800 
85,800 
94,800 
105,800 
66,800 


Tons 
85,300 
76,800 
79,900 
74,700 
95,000 

105,000 

102,400 
82,200 
90,200 

100,500 
63,400 


Tons 
4,400 
3,000 
4,900 
7,100 
5,800 
4,800 
5,400 
3,600 
4,600 
5 300 


1969 4 




3,400 









See footnotes on page 246. 



246 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 357. — Prunes (dried basis), 1 California: Production, value, and utilization, 

1959-69 



Season 


Production 2 


Season 

average 

price per 

ton 3 


Value 


Farm disposition 




Home use 


Sold* 


1959 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


Tons 
139,000 
139,000 
139,000 
148,000 
133,000 
180,000 
167,000 
132,000 
164,000 
153,000 
130,000 


Dollars 
361.00 
391.00 
333.00 
283.00 
305.00 
230.00 
240.00 
325.00 
276.00 
301.00 
( 6 ) 


1 ,000 dollars 
50,179 
54,349 
46,287 
41,884 
40,565 
41,400 
40,080 
42,900 
45,264 
46,053 
( 6 ) 


Tons 

200 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 


Tons 
138,800 
138,900 
138,900 
147,900 
132,900 
179,900 
166,900 
131,900 


1967 

1968 

1969 5 


163,900 
152,900 
129,900 



1 The drying ratio is approximately 23^ pounds of fresh fruit to 1 pound of dried fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Equivalent returns at the processing plant door. 

4 All dried. 

5 Preliminary. 

6 Not available. 
Statistical Reporting Service. 



Table 358. — Prunes and plums: 



Utilization and season average price per ton, 
1967-69 





Quantity 


Price 3 


State and 
season 


Home 
use 


Fresh 
sales 


Dried 


Canned 2 


Frozen 


Fresh 
sales 


Dried 


Canned 






Fresh 
basis 


Dried 
basis 


Fresh 
basis 


Dried 

basis 


Frozen 


Michigan: 
1967. . 


Tons 
200 
200 
200 

90 
70 
80 

200 
200 
200 

700 
140 
120 

1,190 
610 
600 


Tons 
4,600 
3,000 
5,200 

12,803 
3,740 
13,600 

8,100 

6,900 

18,000 

6,650 
9,760 
1,580 

32,153 
23,400 
38,380 


Tons 


Tons 


Tons 
9,250 

8,825 
8,480 

3,279 
2,670 
3,820 

3,000 

2,700 
9,000 

14,300 

800 

19,200 

29,829 
14,995 
40,500 


Tons 
950 
975 

620 

1,450 

2,200 

2,400 
975 

2,820 


Dollars 
142.00 
174.00 
113.00 

146.00 
180.00 
130.00 

181.00 
214.00 
186.00 

165.00 
181.00 
157.00 

158.00 
190.00 
155.00 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 
66.00 
87.00 
62.00 

65.00 
56.00 
43.00 

76.00 
116.00 
54.00 

64.70 
106.00 
53.70 

66.00 
85.60 
54.60 


Dollars 
120.00 


1968. 










83.00 


1969. 










63.00 


Idaho: 
1967 












1968 












1969.... 












Washington: 
1967 












1968 












1969 












Oregon: 

1967 


7,400 

300 

7,200 

7,400 

300 

7,200 


2,147 

90 

2,055 

2,147 

90 

2,055 


79.10 
143.00 
86.00 

78.80 
143.00 
86.00 


272.00 
473.00 
301.00 

272.00 
473.00 
301.00 


( 4 ) 


1968 

1969 


( 4 ) 
( 4 ) 


Total 4 States: 

1967 

1968 


86.50 
84.40 


1969 


57.30 







1 Michigan, Idaho, Washington, and Oregon 
plums in all States 



Mostly prunes; however, estimates include small quantities of 



Some quantities frozen, dried, or otherwise processed are included with canned to avoid disclosure of indi- 
vidual operations. 

3 Prices for fresh sales are average prices as sold; quantities processed are priced at the equivalent processing 
plant door level. 

* Not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



FOOTNOTES FOR TABLE 356 

1 Quantities not harvested for economic reasons and excess cullage of harvested fruit. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Fresh fruit prices are equivalent returns at point of first sale. Prior to 1963, processing fruit prices were at 
first delivery point; beginning 1963, they are equivalent returns at processing plant door. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



PRUNES AND PLUMS 247 

Table 359. — Prunes and plums, fresh: Production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Continent and country 



North America: 

Canada 

Mexico 

United States 

Total 

South America: 

Argentina 

Chile 

Total 

Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxembourg 

France 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Spain 

Sweden 



1967 


1968 


1969 > 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


11.8 


9.6 


8.4 


15.3 


16.1 


16.5 


582.7 


532.5 


480.5 


609.8 


558.2 


505.4 


74.7 


67.8 


70.9 


27.6 


26.5 


24.3 


102.3 


94.3 


95.2 


50.2 


103.4 


69.8 


5.8 


19.8 


15.4 


121.3 


184.6 


186.7 


359.6 


804.9 


520.3 


16.9 


16.5 


17.6 


156.1 


138.2 


162.0 


1.8 


16.2 


11.0 


13.7 


16.8 


21.0 


61.6 


87.6 


73.6 


1.5 


1.7 


1.7 



Continent and country 



Europe — Continued 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Total 

Afrl a: 
South Africa, Republic of 

Asia: 

Japan 

Turkey 

Total 

Oceania: 
New Zealand 

Total specified coun- 
tries 



1967 



1,000 



44.1 
16.5 

777.1 



1,826.2 



13.6 



112.' 



3.3 



2,535. 



1,000 
tons 
52.9 
92.4 

794.8 



2,329.8 



73.9 
115.7 



1,000 
tons 
47.4 
70.6 

1,439.3 



2,636.4 



13. i 



35.3 
110.2 



145.5 



1 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 360. — Prunes, dried: United States exports by country of destination, 1966-68 



Country of destination 



Europe: 

Austria 

Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, West. . . . 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom . . . 
Others 

Total 

Latin America: 

Bolivia 

Colombia 

Costa Rica 

Dominican Republic 

Ecuador 

El Salvador 



Year beginning July 


1966 


1967 


1968 


Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


85 


106 


106 


1,871 


1,945 


1,810 


3,656 


3.177 


3,398 


2,165 


2,262 


2,552 


4,255 


5,125 


3,987 


1,972 


998 


1,309 


129 


141 


136 


234 


261 


222 


7,246 


7,187 


6,573 


1,231 


1,293 


1,052 


2,290 


2,002 


2,235 


277 


253 


233 


2,921 


2,881 


2,754 


658 


275 


450 


6,874 


7,064 


5,362 


31 


17 


226 


35,895 


34,987 


32,405 


12 


12 


4 


10 


25 


5 


31 


35 


25 


111 


79 


104 


77 


113 


86 


15 


30 


7 



Country of destination 



Latin America — Continued 

Guatemala 

Mexico 

Panama 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Others 

Total 

Other countries: 

Algeria 

Canada 

Hong Kong 

Israel 

Japan 

Malaysia 

Morocco 

Netherlands Antilles 

New Zealand 

Philippines 

South Africa, Republic of. 

West Indies 

Others 

Total 

Grand total 



Year beginning July 



1966 1967 



Tons 
55 
696 
138 
72 
934 
120 



2,271 



206 

4.900 

313 

166 

639 

. 252 

88 

51 

713 

557 

168 

263 

252 



,568 



46,734 



Tons 

56 

473 

124 

9 

1,018 

67 



2,041 



364 



291 
92 
43 
422 
538 
204 
229 



5,362 



45,390 



Tor, 



52 
672 
154 

23 
,016 

35 



2,183 



,877 
436 
364 
910 
316 
176 
53 
683 
590 
524 
300 
346 



9,575 



44,163 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



248 FRUITS. TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 361.— Prunes: Foreign trade, United States, 1954-68 



Year beginning 
July 



1954 
1955 
1956 
1957 
195S 
1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



Domestic exports 



Imports 



Fresh Canned 

prunes 
and 
plums 



prunes 
and 
plums 



Tons 
4,185 
S.S33 



8.554 
10,033 
9,491 
8.116 
S.376 
9.781 
9.938 
15.593 
6.214 
13,862 
9.899 



1,000 

pounds 

468 

837 

685 

2.132 

874 

973 

770 

576 

1.631 



Fresh 
Dried Dried. Total, in prunes 

prunes 1 in fruit ! terms of and 

salad 2 fresh 3 I plums 



Tons 

38,299 

36.S25 

60.917 

61.094 

31,416 

37,926 

36.370 

42.923 

43.331 

40.659 

49.175 

62.074 

46.734 

45.390 

44.163 



Tons 
1,062 
1,638 
1.457 
1,802 
1.135 
1.489 
1,187 
1.53S 
1.741 
1.277 
1.344 
1.694 
1.168 
1,082 
846 



Tons 
100.358 
102,952 
161.872 
162.321 

88.264 
106,521 
101.373 
116.766 
118.904 
113.086 
133.396 
181.146 
130,576 
134.509 
126.747 



Tons 
1.258 
1,694 



1,058 
898 
1.237 
1,125 
1.483 
1.455 
1,689 
1.212 
836 
1.846 
2.193 



Otherwise 
prepared Dried 
or pre- I prunes 
served 1 



1,000 

pounds 

865 

1,060 

1,095 

1.097 

1,204 

S59 

907 

962 

851 

1.049 

1,027 

1.205 

1.167 

1,230 

1 22S 



Tons 
(*) 
( 4 ) 



2 
3 

330 
165 , 
125 I 

SO 

87 
520 ! 



Total, in 
terms of 
fresh 3 



4: 3 



Tons 
1,647 
2,170 
1,410 
1,487 
1.607 
1.537 
3.500 
2.362 
2,267 
2,231 
2,346 
1,965 
2,711 
4,185 
3.S52 



1 Xet processed weight. 

- Dried prunes in salad estimated at 43 percent of total dried fruit for salad. 

3 Beginning 1965, exports and imports of dried prunes converted to unprocessed dry weight by dividing by 
1.04 (1.025 prior to 1965). Unprocessed dry weight converted to terms of fresh fruit on the basis that 1 pound 
dried equals 2.7 pounds fresh (2}4 pounds prior to 1965). Canned prunes converted to terms of fresh fruit on 
the basis that 1 pound canned equals 0.729 pound fresh. "'Otherwise prepared or preserved" converted to 
terms of fresh fruit on the basis of 1 pound equals 0.899 pound fresh. 

4 Less than H ton. 

5 No longer reported separately. 

6 Prehniinary. 



Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 
for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics. 1967, table 367. 



Data 



Table 362. — Strawberries, commercial crop: Acreage, yield, production, value per 
pound, and total value. United States, 1954-69 



Fresh market and processing 



Fresh market 3 



Processing 




Acres 

1954 96.200 

1955 100.490 

1956 114.710 

1957 122.170 

1958 109,230 



1959. 
1960. 
1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 



96,560 

92,200 
88.390 
87.910 
80,070 
74.950 
69.3S0 
69.170 
67,020 
62,600 



Pounds 
4,280 
4.450 
4,780 
4.510 
4.860 
4,969 
5.053 
5.739 
5.919 
6.369 

7.426 

6.619 

6.716 
7,067 
S.354 
8,509 



1,000 



! 411.469 

i 446.716 

i 548.036 

: 550.638 

531. 3S7 

479.774 

i 465, S61 

i 507,309 

| 520.362 

509,936 

556.593 

459.255 

464.542 

473.626 

522.940 

485,676 



Cents 
19.4 
20.0 
17.9 
14.3 
16.0 
17.9 
19.2 
17.5 
18.0 
18.8 
20.2 
22.4 
22.2 
20.5 
21.3 
22.6 



1,000 

dollars 

79.026 

S9.555 

97.972 

77.652 

84,780 

85.924 

S9.598 

88.757 

93.72S 

95. ^S2 

110.933 
96.172 

103.047 
97.021 

111.452 

109,673 



1,000 
pounds 
1S4.402 

187 ,: : 

241.068 

276.297 

264.694 

239,082 I 

236.981 

285,872 

290,505 

295,131 

297.325 

271. 35S 

257.426 

281.386 

334.680 

314.906 





1,000 


1,000 




Cents 


dollars 


pounds 


Cents 


23.7 


43.757 


222,819 


15.8 


24.7 


46.217 


259.293 


16.7 


22.0 


53.32S 


306,968 


14.5 


19.1 


52.740 


267,858 


9.3 


20.0 


52.939 


265,993 


12.0 


22.3 


.53.223 


240,692 


13.6 


23.7 


56,056 


228,880 


14.7 


21.9 


62.512 


221.437 


11.9 


22.4 


64.999 


229,857 


12.5 


23.7 


69.985 


214.805 


12.1 


25.3 


75.111 


259.268 


14.2 


26.4 


65.859 


187.897 


16.9 


26.5 


6S.124 


207,116 


16.9 


24.6 


69,093 


192.240 


14.5 


24.3 


81.276 


188,260 


16.0 


25.9 


81,605 


170.770 


16.4 



i 1,000 

i dollars 

35.269 

43.338 

44.644 

'. 24,912 

! 31,841 

< 32,701 

33.542 

i 26.245 

28,729 

25.S97 

! 35,822 

; 30.313 

34,923 

27,928 

| 30.176 

I 28,06S 



1 Excludes the following quantities not marketed (1.000 pounds): 4.400 in 1967 and 7,000 in 1969. Prior to 
1967. included the following quantities not marketed which were excluded in computing value (1,000 pounds) : 
4,248 in 1954, 6.483 in 1957. 700 in 1958. 500 in 1959, 7.700 in 1964. 30.112 in 1965. and 400 in 1966. 

2 Fresh market on f.o.b. basis. Beginning 1964. processing value at processing plant door: prior to 1964. 
average price received by growers at receiving point. 

3 Mostly for fresh market, but includes some quantities used for processing in States for which processing 
estimates are not prepared. 

4 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 368. 



STRAWBERRIES 



249 



Table 363. — Strawberries, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and value per 

pound, by States, 1967-69 x 





Acreage 


Production 


Value per unit 




1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 


1967 


1968 


1969 2 




Acres 
2,000 


Acres 
1,900 


Acres 
1,600 


1,000 
pounds 
17,600 


1,000 
pounds 
15,200 


1,000 
pounds 
16,000 


Cents 
per lb. 
32.9 


Cents 
per lb. 

28.7 


Cents 
per lb. 
32.6 






Spring: California 


8,000 


8,600 


8,400 


208,800 


289,820 


268,800 


20.7 


21.0 


22.6 


Early spring: 

Louisiana 

Texas 


3,800 
600 


3,500 
500 


2,700 
500 


11,780 
1,500 


10,850 
1,250 


7,830 
1,200 


27.7 
27.0 


21.2 
31.3 


24.2 
27.0 


Total or average 


4,400 


4,000 


3,200 


13,280 


12,100 


9,030 


27.7 


22.2 


24.6 


Mid-spring: 

Illinois 

Missouri 

Maryland 

Virginia 


1,500 

800 

800 

1,400 

2,000 

1,000 

2,400 

650 

2,600 

900 


1,500 
750 
700 

1,300 
1,900 
1,000 
1,700 

600 
2,300 

900 


1,500 
750 
700 

1,100 

1,700 
800 

1,200 

( 4 ) 

2,100 
900 


4,050 
2,080 
2,320 
4,200 
3 4,000 
3,000 
6,720 
1,300 
7,800 
3,600 


3,300 

1,875 
2,800 
4,420 
5,890 
2,900 
4,250 
1,140 
5,750 
3,600 


3,225 
2,100 
2,170 
3,520 
3,910 
2,880 
3,000 
( 4 ) 

6,090 
4,320 


22.9 
26.0 
29.7 
29.5 
28.1 
22.2 
20.6 
21.8 
22.8 
21.8 


21.4 
23.8 
25.2 
25.8 
31.1 
23.4 
22.0 
24.2 
22.0 
18.9 


21.2 
25.6 
22.9 
22.3 
29.7 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Arkansas 

Oklahoma 


25.8 
24.5 
( 4 ) 
23.8 
19.3 


Total or average 


14,050 


12,650 


10,750 


39,070 


35,925 


31,215 


24.1 


24.1 


23.8 


Late spring: 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

Connecticut 

New York . 


350 
370 
350 
2,400 
2,400 
1,800 
1,500 
1,100 
6,800 
1,900 
5,600 
14,000 


300 

350 

300 

2,000 

2,100 

1,700 

1,400 

1,100 

6,500 

1,800 

5,300 

12,600 


( 4 ) 

330 
( 4 ) 

1,800 
1,800 
1,600 
1,300 
1,000 
6,300 
1,800 
4,500 
12,700 


1,155 
1,591 
1,050 
6,480 
9,120 
5,040 
4,800 
4,620 

29,240 
4,940 

35,840 
3 91,000 


840 

1,015 

750 

6,000 

8,610 

4,760 

3,500 

4,730 

26,650 

4,320 

38,160 

70,560 


( 4 ) 

1,221 
( 4 ) 

5,400 
7,920 
4,640 
4,290 
2,600 

33,390 
5,220 

26,100 
3 69,850 


33.3 
33.5 
35.0 
27.7 
26.7 
30.5 
21.5 
24.5 
18.8 
29.4 
16.1 
14.2 


37.0 
39.1 
41.0 
32.4 
29.6 
32.9 
25.0 
25.0 
22.2 
33.0 
17.6 
16.7 


( 4 ) 

40.9 
( 4 ) 

34.7 




31.8 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 


37.2 
27.0 
29.8 
21.3 


Wisconsin 

Washington 

Oregon 


31.4 
18.3 
17.3 


Total or average 


38,570 


35,450 


33,130 


194,876 


169,895 


160,631 


17.9 


20.6 


21.2 


United States 


67,020 


62,600 


57,080 


473,626 


522,940 


485,676 


20.5 


21.3 


22.6 







1 Includes quantities used for fresh market and processing. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions (1,000 
pounds): 1967 — mid-spring, North Carolina, 200; late spring, Oregon, 4,200; 1969 — late spring, Oregon, 7,000. 

4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



250 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 364. — Strawberries, commercial crop: Production and value per pound, bv 

States, 1967-69 



Utilization, season, and State 



FOR FRESH MARKET 

Winter: Florida 

Spring: California 

Early spring: 

Louisiana 

Texas 

Total or average 

Mid-spring: 

Illinois 

Missouri 

Maryland . . . '. 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Arkansas 

Oklahoma 

Total or average 

Late spring: 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Washington 

Oregon , 

Total or average 

United States 

FOR PROCESSING 

Spring: California 

Late spring: 

Michigan 

Washington 

Oregon 

Total or average 

United States 



Production 



Value per unit 



1967 



1,000 

pounds 
17,600 



148,100 



11,780 
1,500 



13.2S0 



4,050 
2,080 
2,320 
4,200 
4,000 
3.000 
6,720 
1,300 
7,800 
3.600 



,070 



1,155 
1,591 
1,050 
6,480 
9.120 
5,040 
4,800 
4,620 
18,140 
4,940 
3,500 
2,900 



63.336 



281.386 



60,700 



11.100 
32,340 
88.100 



131.540 



192,240 



1,000 1,000 

pounds pounds 

15,200 16,000 



213,190 



10,850 
1,250 



12,100 



3.300 
1,875 
2,800 
4.420 
5,890 
2,900 
4,250 
1,140 
5.750 
3,600 



202,400 



7.830 
1,200 



9.030 



3.225 

2,100 

2,170 

3.520 

3,910 

2,880 

3,000 

( 4 ) 

6.090 

4.320 



35.925 



31.215 



1967 



Cents 

per lb. 

32.! 



1968 



Cents 
per lb. 
28.7 



23.2 



27.7 
27.0 



27.7 



22.9 
26.0 
29.7 
29.5 
28.1 
22.2 
20.6 
21.8 
22.8 
21.8 



24.1 



840 

1,015 

750 

6,000 
8,610 
4,760 
3,50(3 
4,730 
17,740 
4.320 
3,600 
2,400 



(*) 


33.3 


1,221 


33.5 


( 4 ) 


35.0 


5,400 


27.7 


7,920 


26.7 


4.540 


30.5 


4,290 


21.5 


2,600 


24.5 


8,390 


20.8 


5.220 


29.4 


3,580 


26.1 


3,000 


17.0 



5S.265 



334,680 



.630 



8,910 
34,560 
68,160 



111.630 



1SS.260 



56.261 



25.0 



314.906 



,400 



15,000 

22,520 

5 66.850 



104.370 



24.6 



14.7 



15.6 
15.0 
14.1 



14.4 



170,770 



14.5 



23.1 



21.2 
31.3 



22.2 



21.4 
23.8 
25.2 
25.8 
31.1 
23.4 
22.0 
24.2 
22.0 
18.9 



24.1 



37.0 
39.1 
41.0 
32.4 
29.6 
32.9 
25.0 
25.0 
24.4 
33.0 
24.3 
23.2 



24.3 



15.0 



17.9 
16.9 
16.5 



16.0 



Cents 
per lb. 
32.6 



25.0 



24.2 
27.0 



24.6 



21.2 
25.6 
22.9 
22.3 
29.7 
25.8 
24.5 
) 
23.8 



( 4 ) 



40. 



,4, 



34.7 
31.8 
37.2 
27.0 
29.8 
23.6 
31.4 
26.0 
23.0 



28. 



25.9 



18.4 
17.1 
17.0 



17.2 
16.4 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Mostly for fresh, market, but includes some quantities used for processing in States for which processing 
estimates are not prepared. 

'Excludes the following quantities not harvested or not marketed because of economic conditions CI, 000 
pounds): 1967 — mid-spring, North Carolina, 200: late spring, Oregon, 4,200: 1969 — late spring, Oregon, 7,000. 
4 Estimates discontinued. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



FRUIT UNLOADS 
Table 365. — Fruits: Unloads at 8 markets, by commodities, 1969 



251 





Boston 


New York 


2 


Philadelphia 


Baltimore 


Commodity 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck l 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck l 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck l 


Total 


Fruit: 


Cars 

276 

310 

613 

265 

52 

2,108 

4 

416 

252 

260 

28 

319 


Cars 

879 

588 

54 

19 

8 

435 

760 

41 

16 

229 

209 

1,767 


Cars 

1,155 

898 

667 

284 

60 

2,543 
764 
457 

268 

489 

237 

2,086 


Cars 

2,231 

2,964 
3,580 
1,745 

574 
6,817 

146 
2,350 

1,189 

643 

302 

13,094 


Cars 

4,420 

2,151 

76 

37 

1 1 843 

2,542 

99 

208 

469 

473 

1,345 


Cars 

6,651 
5,115 
3,656 
1,782 
574 
8,660 
2,688 
2,449 

1,397 

1,112 

775 

14,439 


Cars 

542 
831 
814 
697 
192 
2,161 
4 
387 

203 
163 

56 
466 


Cars 

1,357 

1,029 

108 

20 

1^020 
645 
78 

56 
318 
209 

2,778 


Cars 

1,899 
1.860 
922 
717 
192 
3,181 
649 
465 

259 

481 

265 

3,244 


Cars 

144 
200 
232 
177 
129 
467 

"'84' 

36 
39 

22 
841 


Cars 

701 

283 
69 
40 

413 

312 

49 

23 
156 

91 
417 


Cars 
845 




483 


Grapes 


301 
217 


Mixed citrus 


129 

880 




312 




133 


Plums and fresh 

prunes 

Strawberries 

Tangerines 

Miscellaneous 


59 

195 

113 

1,258 


Total 


4,903 


5,005 


9,908 


35,635 


13,663 


49,298 


6,516 


7,618 


14,134 


2,371 


2,554 


4,925 





Atlanta 


Chicago 


Los Angeles 


San Francisco 4 


Commodity 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 1 


Total 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Fruits: 


Cars 

200 
2 
61 
109 
5 
16 


Cars 

769 
342 
236 
214 

' 821 
374 

29 

27 

405 

99 

1,761 


Cars 

969 
344 
297 
323 
5 
837 
374 
62 

27 

405 

99 

1,895 


Cars 

911 
712 
928 
339 
244 
2,550 
140 
360 

224 

465 

132 

2,071 


Cars 

1,752 
660 
100 
36 

532' 
860 

98 

105 

591 

161 

2,540 


Cars 

2,663 

1,372 

1,028 

375 

244 

3,082 

1,000 

458 

329 
1,056 

293 
4,611 


Cars 

253 

2 


Cars 

5,138 

2,706 

2,132 

757 


Cars 

5,391 

2,708 
2,132 

757 


Cars 

28 
22 


Cars 

2,107 
966 
792 

297 


Cars 
2,135 




988 




792 


Lemons 


297 




1 
2 
17 

4 
6 


4,768 

1,305 

889 

472 

1,116 

475 

2,656 


4,769 

1,307 

906 

476 
1,122 

475 
8,557 


13 

3' 

' 19l' 


2,086 
565 
257 

154 
816 
113 

4,184 


2,099 




565 




33 


257 


Plums and fresh 


154 






819 






113 


Miscellaneous 


134 


4,375 


Total 


560 


5,077 


5,637 


9,076 


7,435 


16,511 


6,186 


22,414 


28,600 


257 


12,337 


12,594 







1 Estimated percentages of completeness for reported truck unloads for 1969 are as follows: Chicago, 85%; 
Atlanta, Baltimore, Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia, 90%; Boston, 90-95%; San Francisco, 95%. 

2 Includes Newark. 

3 Includes satsumas. 

4 Includes Oakland. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. 



252 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 366. — Fruits: Total unloads at 8 markets, 1960-69 





Boston 


New York 2 


Philadelphia 


Baltimore 


Year 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck • 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck I 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 1 


Total 


1960 


Cars 
7,297 
6,558 
6,157 
5,640 
6,093 
6,256 
5,826 
5,615 
4,181 
4,903 


Cars 
5,767 
5,938 
6,237 
5,520 
5,046 
5,566 
5,286 
4,724 
5,310 
5,005 


Cars 
13,064 
12,496 
12,394 
11,160 
11,139 
11,822 
11,112 
10,339 
9,491 
9,908 


Cars 
42,873 
40,268 
40,874 
37,274 
39,658 
40,783 
41,394 
40,008 
35,468 
35,635 


Cars 
15,528 
14,347 
14,705 
15,360 
14,002 
14,894 
13,241 
13,396 
14,239 
13,663 


Cars 
58,401 
54,615 
55,579 
52,634 
53,660 
55,677 
54,635 
53,404 
49,707 
49,298 


Cars 
11,300 
11,539 
11,925 

7,285 
7,584 
7,737 
7,662 
7,519 
6,198 
6,516 


Cars 
9,910 
8,445 
9,248 
7,886 
8,054 
7,668 
7,488 
7,947 
7,708 
7,618 


Cars 
21,210 
19,984 
21,173 
15,171 
15,638 
15,405 
15,150 
15,466 
13,906 
14,134 


Cars 
4,456 
4,765 
4,792 
4,131 
3,875 
4,061 
4,484 
4,147 
2,797 
2,371 


Cars 
2,471 
2,285 
2,196 
2,065 
2,214 
2,307 
1,999 
2,075 
2,332 
2,554 


Cars 
6,927 


1961 

1962 

1963 


7,050 
6,988 
6,196 


1964 

1965 


6,089 
6,368 


1966 


6,483 


1967 

1968 


6,222 
5,129 


1969 


4,925 









Atlanta 


Chicago 


Los Angeles 


San Francisco 3 


Year 


Rail, 
boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck • 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck ' 


Total 


Rail, 

boat, 
and air 


Motor- 
truck 2 


Total 


1960 


Cars 
950 
723 
693 
759 
866 
692 
717 
673 
586 
560 


Cars 
6,511 
6,304 
6,322 
5,558 
5,538 
5,798 
5,682 
5,648 
5,109 
5,077 


Cars 
7,461 
7,027 
7,015 
6,317 
6,404 
6,490 
6,399 
6,321 
5,695 
5,637 


Cars 
12,447 
11,987 
10,509 

9,723 
10,232 
12,234 
11,982 
10,061 

9,052 

9,076 


Cars 
7,408 
7,763 
8,347 
7,527 
7,297 
6,431 
6,186 
6,477 
7,566 
7,435 


Cars 
19,855 
19,750 
18,856 
17,250 
17,529 
18,665 
18,168 
16,538 
16,618 
16,511 


Cars 
10,234 
11,531 
9,108 
8,693 
8,858 
9,382 
10,405 
10,604 
7,429 
6,186 


Cars 
22,333 
22,128 
22,529 
22,325 
23,514 
23,040 
22,729 
21,760 
21,795 
22,414 


Cars 
32.567 
33,659 
31,637 
31,018 
32,372 
32,422 
33,134 
32,364 
29,224 
28,600 


Cars 
4,120 
4,399 
4,356 
4,384 
3,537 
3,323 
3,177 
1,384 
439 
257 


Cars 

8,204 

8,043 

8,359 

9,477 

10,738 

10,552 

11,102 

13,749 

11,953 

12,337 


Cars 
12,324 


1961 


12,442 


1962 


12,715 


1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


13,861 
14,275 
13,875 
14,279 


1967 


15,133 


1968 


12,392 


1969 


12,594 







1 Estimated percentages of completeness for reported truck unloads for 1969 are as follows: Chicago, 85%; 
Atlanta, Baltimore, Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia, 90%; Boston, 90-95%; San Francisco, 95%. 

2 Includes Newark. 

3 Includes Oakland. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Data for 1955-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 371. 



FRUIT SHIPMENTS; FRUIT PACKS 



253 



Table 367. — Fruits, fresh: Carlot rail and boat shipments of specified kinds, United 

States, 1960-69 x 





Apples 


Citrus fruits 


Grapes 


Peaches 




Year 


Oranges 2 


Grape- 
fruit 


Lemons 


Mixed 
citrus 


Cali- 
fornia 


Other 


Pears 


I960 


Cars 
12,483 
10,163 
13,195 
20,213 
15,729 
10,741 
17,335 
12,654 
8,776 
10,331 


Cars 

33,470 

29,294 

28,602 

24,420 

30,538 

35,330 

37,813 

38,747 

23,989 

36,570 


Cars 
9,721 

11,349 
9,745 
6,226 
7,883 

10,152 
9,666 

11,489 
8,020 
8,669 


Cars 

13,582 

14,061 

11,472 

12,770 

12,783 

11,859 

12,796 

12,406 

12,279 

10,428 


Cars 
9,634 
8,520 
6,495 
4,252 
4,916 
5,873 
6,426 
6,162 
4,554 
3,026 


Cars 

23,343 

19,845 

23,467 

20,991 

21,016 

23,233 

21,938 

16,882 

16,298 

15,915 


Cars 
363 
344 
424 
583 
504 
603 
611 
624 
568 
632 


Cars 
6,400 
5,691 
4,313 
2,859 
2,861 
2,193 
2,008 
968 
1,224 
1,310 


Cars 
7,252 


1961 

1962 


7,356 
9,369 


1963 


4,615 


1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 


6,968 
4,763 
7,724 
4,007 
4,928 
6,588 



Year 


Apricots 


Cherries 


Cranberries 


Plums and 
fresh 
prunes 


Strawberries 


Mixed 

deciduous 

fruits 


Total 
fruits 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


Cars 
383 
310 
339 
302 
344 
286 
261 
142 
127 
120 


Cars 

981 
1,354 
1,527 
1,402 
1,716 

921 
1,434 
1,349 
1,080 
1,410 


Cars 

90 

250 

222 

148 

45 

28 

33 

24 

3 


Cars 
4,391 
4,971 
4,693 
5,165 
5,249 
5,237 
3,702 
3,584 
3,580 
2,898 


Cars 
2,460 
3,708 
3,702 
3,437 
3,393 
2,283 
1,997 
2,764 
2,993 
222 


Cars 
1,410 
1,529 
1,634 
2,000 
3,482 
2,087 
3,042 
3,431 
2,993 
2,867 


Cars 
125,963 
118,745 
119,199 
109,383 
117,427 
115,589 
126,786 


1967 


115,233 


1968... 


91,412 


1969 


100,986 









1 Data for all commodities are on a calendar-year basis, except apples and pears, which begin in June of year 
indicated and end the following year. Shipments by truck are not included but represent a large proportion of 
total movement, especially for some commodities. The data are not indicative of total production or total 
sales. 

2 Includes satsumas and tangerines. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from daily and monthly reports received from officials and 
local agents of common carriers throughout the country. Shipments shown in carlots include boat shipments 
reduced to a carlot basis. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 372. 





Table 368.— Fruits, 


canned 


: United States pack of selected items, 1960-69 




Apples 








Citrus 


Cran- 








Plums 


Salad 


Total 


Season 


and 


Apri- 


Berries 


Cher- 


sections 


berry 


Peach- 


Pears 


Pine- 


and 


and 


of 




apple- 


cots 




ries 


and 


sauce 


es 2 




apple 3 


prunes 


cock- 


these 




sauce 








salad l 












tail 


items 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 




cases * 


cases 4 


cases 4 


cases 4 


cases* 


cases 4 


cases 4 


cases 4 


cases 4 


cases * 


cases 4 


cases 4 


1960... 


14.8 


6.1 


0.8 


2.2 


3.2 


2.2 


30.8 


8.5 


15.0 


0.4 


14.0 


98.0 


1961... 


16.2 


4.8 


.8 


3.5 


3.2 


3.4 


31.3 


9.1 


15.2 


1.7 


14.8 


104.0 


1962... 


16.1 


4.0 


.9 


4.3 


1.9 


3.2 


33.2 


9.4 


15.1 


2.2 


15.1 


105.4 


1963... 


16.7 


4.1 


.8 


1.4 


2.4 


3.3 


33.2 


5.6 


15.0 


1.2 


13.7 


97.4 


1964... 


18.9 


5.2 


.7 


4.5 


2.7 


3.1 


37.8 


11.4 


13.6 


1.5 


17.6 


117.0 


1965... 


20.0 


5.1 


.7 


3.1 


3.0 


3.4 


30.0 


6.4 


15.0 


1.7 


15.7 


104.1 


1966... 


14.7 


5.0 


.9 


1.6 


3.6 


3.6 


36.7 


11.0 


16.7 


1.5 


17.1 


112.4 


1967... 


17.3 


4.2 


1.0 


1.6 


2.6 


3.5 


27.0 


5.8 


16.4 


1.9 


14.3 


95.6 


1968. . . 


17.4 


4.5 


.5 


1.7 


2.6 


3.8 


36.3 


10.3 


16.5 


.7 


17.9 


112.2 


1969 5 .. 


19.6 


5.5 


.5 


2.5 




3.5 


37.6 


10.6 




2.2 


18.2 





1 Grapefruit sections, orange sections, and citrus salad. 

2 Including spiced peaches. 

3 Hawaiian pack. 

4 In terms of 24 No. 2}4 cans. 

5 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data from National Canners Association and Florida Canners Association. 
In addition to the canned fruits shown in this table, considerable quantities of figs and olives are also canned. 
Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 373. 



254 FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 

Table 369.— Fruit juices, canned: United States packs, 1959-68 



Mainly season 
beginning 
November 



Citrus juices : 



Grape- 
fruit 



Orange 



Blended 
orange 

and 
grape- 
fruit 



Tan- 
gerine 
and tan- 
gerine 
blends 



Pineapple 
juice 2 



Grape 
juice 



Prune 
juice 



Apple 
juice 



Fruit 
nectars 



1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



1,000 
cases 3 I 
11,327 i 
10,975 I 
11.228 
9.445 
6,305 
10.927 
13,826 
20,991 
15,826 
20,535 



t,OQ6 

cases* 
16,282 
11,946 
14.964 
11,823 
8,192 
10,799 
12,114 
16.341 
10.414 
13.453 



1,000 j 

cases 3 
4.547 
3.234 
3.933 
3.133 
2,573 
2,512 
2,911 
3,738 ! 
2,187 I 
2.578 



232 
553 

262 
317 
221 

1S7 

62 

156 I 

49 
92 



1,000 
cases 3 

13.443 
14.393 
15.253 
15.263 
14,802 
13,788 
15.354 
15.034 
15,081 
13.954 



1,000 
cases 3 
5.100 
5,100 
5,100 
5.100 
4,900 



4,800 
4,700 
4.600 
3.921 



1,000 


1,000 


cases 3 


cases 3 


5.600 


6.558 


6,800 


6,236 


6.800 


6,851 


7,000 


7,414 


7,300 


8,435 


7.390 


9,587 


7.600 


9,611 



7.500 
7.400 
5,267 



,726 
.365 



1,000 
cases 3 



7,000 
7,000 
4.000 
4.000 
3.000 
2.860 
2,860 
2.860 
2,860 
2.733 



1 Excluding citrus concentrates. 

2 Hawaii and foreign operations. 

3 Equivalent cases of 24 No. 2 cans. 

Economic Research Service. Based on data obtained from various 
canners. Data for 1944-58 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967 , table 374. 



canners' associations and individual 



Table 370.— Fruits, dried: Production (dry basis), United States, 1960-69 



Year 


Apples 


Apricots 


Dates 


Figs 


Peaches 


Pears 


Prunes 1 


Raisins 


Total 


1960 

1961 

1962 


Tons 

9.990 
12.410 : 
15.970 
10,750 

8,890 1 
11.510 
15.900 ! 

9,980 
10,860 
17,510 


Tons 

9.170 
5,560 
4,900 : 

8.050 ! 
6.230 
5,180 
6,500 

3,670 
3,850 
6,970 


Tons 

22.100 

21.400 ! 

24.200 i 

22,100 

24,300 ] 

21,000 

21,300 

20.800 

23.000 

17.100 


Tons 

17.200 

18,500 

20.400 

18.500 

19.000 

18.400 

20,600 

12,200 

15.800 

16.400 


Tons 
5,510 
4,450 
6,340 

5,890 ; 
5.180 | 
5.430 
3,380 ; 
1.960 
2,820 ; 
4,320 ; 


Tons 
1,440 
1.080 
1,490 

440 
1.350 

170 1 
1,280 

180 

400 ! 

650 


Tons 

98.350 
101.150 
109.310 

86,160 
132.100 
117,120 

96.910 
122.110 
107.420 

93,300 


Tons 
194.100 
228.400 
191,300 
2 251,800 
231,500 
270,200 
280,300 
181,200 
264.500 
252,500 


Tons 
357.860 
392,950 
373.910 


1963 

1964 

1965 


403.690 
42 S. 550 
449,010 


1966 

1967 

1968 


446,170 
352,100 
428.650 


1969 3 


403,750 



: Excludes quantities not harvested and or excess cullage of harvested prunes. 
juice and concentrates. 

2 Includes 14.000 tons laid but lost in field because of rain. 

3 Preliminary. 



Excludes prunes used for 



Economic Research Service. Compiled from reports of the Department and trade sources, 
natural condition basis. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 375. 



All data on a 



DRIED FRUITS; FROZEN FRUITS 255 

Table 371. — Fruits, dried: Commercial production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Commodity and country 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


Commodity and country 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


Apples, dried: 

Australia 

South Africa, Republic of — 


1,000 
tons 
0.4 
.1 


1,000 
tons 
0.3 
.2 


1,000 
tons 


Peaches, dried — Continued 
South Africa, Republic of 

Total 

Pears, dried: 

Australia 

South Africa, Republic of 

Total 

Prunes, dried: 

Argentina 

Australia 

Chile 

France 

South Africa, Republic of 

Yugoslavia 

Total 

Raisins: 

Argentina , 


1,000 
tons 
1.3 


1,000 
tons 
2.0 


1,000 
tons 
2.4 


4.0 


4.4 


4.5 


Total 


.5 


.5 




.2 

.8 


.4 
1.0 




Apricots, dried: 
Australia 


3.7 
7.2 
2.1 
1.1 


1.5 
9.4 
1.4 
1.1 


3.1 
4.4 
1.3 

1.2 


.1 
1.0 


Spain 

South Africa, Republic of 


1.0 


1.4 


1.1 


10.7 
6.5 
6.1 

13.8 
1.7 

25.2 


5.5 

1.8 
5.8 

16.0 
1.1 

14.1 




Total 


14.1 


13.4 


10.0 


5.5 
3.7 
5.5 
16.0 


Currants: 


10.1 

99.2 

.7 


9.0 
101.0 

.7 


7.7 

102.0 

.8 


Greece 

South Africa, Republic of 


1.4 
35.0 


Total 


110.0 


110.7 


110.5 


64.0 


44.3 


67.1 


Figs, dried: 

Greece 

Italy 

Turkey 


17.8 
27.6 
10.0 
51.8 


26.4 
23.4 
11.0 

49.6 


27.8 
24.4 
10.0 
53 


6.2 

105.9 

.9 

62.8 

50.0 

9.2 

8.9 

103.0 


12.1 
81.4 
.8 
106.0 
66.0 
13.0 
8.3 
114.0 


2.2 
49.6 


Chile . 


8 


Greece 

Iran 

South Africa, Republic of 

Spain 

Turkey 

Total 


86.0 
39.0 
14.5 
6.0 
88.0 


Total 


107.2 


110.4 


115.2 


Peaches, dried: 

Australia 

Chile 


.8 
1.9 


.6 
1.8 


.4 
1.7 


346.9 


401.6 


286.1 







1 Preliminary. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 372.- 


-Fruits 


, frozen: Commercial pack, United States, 1960-69 




Commodity 


1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


Apples and 

applesauce 

Apricots 

Cherries, red 

tart 

Cherries, sweet. . 
Grapes and 

pulp 

Peaches 


1,000 
pounds 
69,853 
15,258 

129,029 
779 

14,899 

72,928 


1,000 
pounds 
80,117 
12,164 

186,440 
2,197 

13,598 
60,774 


1,000 
pounds 
65,874 
10,874 

137,293 
3,064 

13,865 
53,569 


1,000 
pounds 
75,429 
13,881 

81,644 
1,043 

15,648 

65,607 

7,113 

512 


1,000 
pounds 
86,893 
16,002 

202,522 
1,605 

22,722 
76,250 

8,448 
1,635 

4,677 

23,851 

30,574 

8,840 

1,295 

258 

1,344 

309 

31,289 

252,646 

607,009 

23,994 


1,000 
pounds 
93,392 
16,369 

146,355 
1,491 

18,117 

59,453 

6,091 

1,178 

4,214 

23,251 

27,981 

8,962 

715 

383 

1,243 

3,821 

33,841 

191,813 

885,010 

14,982 


1,000 
pounds 
94,352 
16,172 

87,367 
3,278 

6,712 

65,190 

5,355 

259 

20,264 

25,812 

35,403 

9,165 

650 

968 

1,750 

63 

35,040 

236,492 

791,436 

19,278 


1,000 
pounds 
97,634 
13,349 

97,792 
3,332 

8,490 

73,358 

9,939 

555 

12,626 

20,722 

31,828 

8,433 

891 

309 

1,672 

4,269 

31,105 

213,340 

1,372,402 

12,169 


1,000 
pounds 
117,218 
14,293 

141,515 

1,287 

21,544 

82,035 
7,371 


1,000 
pounds 
122,293 
17,325 

140,688 
2,265 

11,149 

53,572 

6,061 

640 




2,060 


2,198 


2,574 


Purees, 


20,527 

22,381 

27,750 

8,953 

557 

415 

2,502 

4,446 

26,044 

213,275 

858,652 

16,344 


16,842 


Berries: 
Blackberries . . 
Blueberries . . . 
Boysenberries . 

Currants 

Gooseberries. . 
Loganberries. . 


26,970 
25,230 
10,229 

1,156 
553 

1,804 


22,563 

21,990 

13,020 

822 

376 

2,215 


22,532 

26,452 

11,987 

755 

433 

1,660 

1,358 

30,487 

234,620 

1,253,558 

50,721 


20,675 

25,767 

9,521 

965 

237 

2,023 

2,663 

38,773 

234,440 

490,893 

23,573 


27,184 

37,663 

9,253 

1,337 

690 

1,681 

5,510 

34,062 

178,693 

1,164,152 

11,375 


Raspberries. . . 

Strawberries . . 
Citrus juices 1 . . . 
Miscellaneous 

fruits and 

berries 


37,374 

217,477 
954,736 

34,119 


29,199 

222,694 

1,002,999 

34,559 


Total 


1,614,454 


1,707,925 


1,921,676 


1,110,407 


1,402,163 


1,538,462 


1,455,006 


2,014,215 


1,587,109 


1,842,435 



1 Florida only, beginning 1963. 

Economic Research Service. Data from American Frozen Food Institute, Florida Canners Association, 
Lemon Products Advisory Board, and survey of citrus industry in California-Arizona by the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. 



256 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 373. — Fruits, frozen: Commercial pack, by kinds and areas, United States, 

1969 x 



Commodity 


Northeast - 


South 3 


Midwest 4 


West 5 


Total 




1,000 pounds 
43 , 606 


1,000 pounds 
16,542 


1,000 pounds 
42,397 


1.000 pounds 
19,748 
17,325 
8,314 
1,823 
( 8 ) 

41,944 
5,008 
( 8 ) 
9,626 

9 27,184 
1,935 
9,253 

79 1,337 

1,681 

5,510 

5,352 

9 27,657 

162,112 


1,000 pounds 
122,293 




17,325 




6 20,789 




111,585 
7 442 
( 8 ) 


140 688 






2 265 




( 8 ) 


( 8 ) 
79 11,628 


11,149 




53,572 






7 1,053 
( 8 ) 
1,078 


6,061 


Prunes 


( 8 ) 
66,138 


( 8 ) 


640 

16 842 


Berries: 




27,184 




6 16,252 




19,476 


37 663 






9,253 










1,337 


Gooseberries 


( 8 ) 


( 8 ) 


( 8 ) 


690 
1,681 










5,510 








7 1,053 


6,405 








27,657 








6 16,581 


178,693 






1.164,152 


11 1.164.152 






67 1,595 


9,780 


11,375 










Total 


86,785 


1,192,322 


195,260 


355,589 


1.542.435 



1 Includes the commercial pack only and does not include quantities produced in frozen food locker plants. 

2 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. 

3 Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi. Missouri. 
North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. 

4 Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Ohio, and Wisconsin. 

5 Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. 

6 Includes pack in South. 

7 Includes pack in Northeast. 

s Data by regions not available for publication. 

9 Includes pack in Midwest. 

10 See table 325 for packs of concentrated grapefruit and orange juice in gallons, pack-year basis. 

11 Florida only. 

Economic Research Service. Data from American Frozen Food Institute and Florida Canners Association. 

Table 374. — Canned fruits and fruit juices: Canners' and distributors' stocks, be- 
ginning of season, United States, 1967-69 



Commodity 



Canned fruits: 

Apples 

Applesauce 

Apricots 

Cherries, red pitted 

Cherries, sweet 

Grapefruit sections 2 

Peaches 

Pears 

Pineapple 

Purple plums 

Fruit cocktail 

Canned juices: 

Grapefruit 2 

Orange 2 

Blended orange and grapefruit - 

Pineapple 3 



Season 
beginning — 



July 1 . 
July 1 . 
June 1 
July 1 . 
June 1 
Nov. 1 
June 1 
June 1 
June 1 
June 1 
June 1 

Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 
Nov. 1 
June 1 



Canners' stocks 



Distributors' stocks 



1,000 



m 



513 
,525 



1,000 



1,742 

6,959 

1,163 

28 

282 

359 

4,720 

1,794 

7,866 

592 

4,457 

2,327 
514 
319 

3,289 



1,000 



2,000 
8,012 



123 
543 



8,357 
277 



1,093 

1,264 

291 

2.105 



1,000 
cases 1 

372 

1,504 

548 

131 

136 

372 

3,453 

1,424 

1,741 

226 

2,197 

1,054 
915 
383 

1,076 



196S 



1,000 



1,471 

475 

116 

165 

332 

2,943 

1.056 

1,783 

242 

1,813 



32^ 
925 



1,000 
cases Y 



377 
1.550 



191 

327 



1,896 
168 



731 
296 
775 



1 Actual cases. 

2 Canners' stocks cover Florida only. 

3 Canners' stocks include the Philippines. 

Consumer and Marketing Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



FRUITS AND JUICES 257 

Table 375. — Fruits and juices: Cold-storage carryover stocks, United States, 1960-69 





Fresh 


Frozen 


Year 


Apples 
(July 1) 


Pears 

(June 1) 


Apples 
(Oct. 1) 


Apricots 
(June 1) 


Cherries 
(July 1) 


Grapes 
(Sept. 1) 


Peaches 
(July 1) 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 


1,000 

pounds 
!316 
12,006 
13,706 
31,484 
33,028 
70,645 
16,996 
49,348 
34,815 
44,882 


1,000 
boxes 



6 

32 

197 

23 

34 

25 

3 

5 


1,000 

pounds 
16,414 
20,309 
27,477 
23,588 
25,377 
26,534 
39,874 
27,071 
34,866 
51,346 


1,000 

pounds 
2,972 
6,100 
5,397 
4,590 
6,052 
7,715 
7,079 
6,370 
3,913 
4,443 


1,000 

pounds 

9,976 

8,821 

50,451 

40,784 

12,118 

66,129 

46,090 

14,248 

12,714 

33,535 


1,000 

pounds 
1,704 
4,151 
4,120 
3,609 
3,842 
2,967 
8,297 
5,219 
4,335 
2,267 


1,000 

pounds 
12,986 
25,167 
27,713 
18,933 
18,385 
32,758 
19,947 


1964 


1965 

1966 


1967 


16,949 


1968 

1969 


24,233 
35,063 









Frozen — Continued 


Year 


Black- 
berries 
(June 1) 


Blue- 
berries 
(July 1) 


Rasp- 
berries 
(June 1) 


Boysen- 
berries 
(June 1) 


Straw- 
berries 

(May 1) 


Orange 
juice 

(Nov. 1) 


Other 

fruit juices 

and purees 

(Nov. 1) 


1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 


1,000 
pounds 
6,506 
8,709 
8,319 
7,706 
3,586 
5,484 
10,692 
17,276 
11,724 
5,907 


1,000 
pounds 
8,917 
13,237 
12,962 
9,946 
6,624 
6,836 
8,207 
18,013 
19,614 
14,298 


1,000 
pounds 
11,590 
12,317 
8,220 
7,571 
12,082 
11,848 
13,156 
16,898 
10,958 
7,493 


1,000 

pounds 
4,882 
4,152 
5,551 
4,372 
2,569 
2,016 
4,049 
8,051 
6,362 
3,102 


1,000 

pounds 
84,648 
89,486 
76,571 
79,434 
61,598 
84,683 
92,242 

107,353 
81,266 
94,535 


1,000 
pounds 
197,021 
222,717 
418,767 
223,483 
183,143 
294,758 
242,906 
422,938 
232,127 
293,728 


1,000 

pounds 
156,387 
158,311 
159,181 
129,008 
167,234 
149,665 
157,507 


1967 

1968 


172,484 
131,586 


1969 


132,056 







1 Thousand bushels. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 380. 



258 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS. AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 376. — Fruits: total and per capita civilian consumption, United States, 

1954-69 1 





Fruits used fresh 


Year 


Total fruits 


Apples 2 


Citrus fruits 


Other fresh fruits ! 




Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


1954 


MiUion 

pounds 
16,728 
16,137 
16,359 
16,290 
16,121 
16,692 
16,628 
16,044 
15,318 
13,896 
14,890 
15,531 
15,736 
15,801 
15,418 
15,801 


Pounds 
105.1 
99.4 
98.9 
96.7 
94.0 
95.7 
93.3 
88.5 
83.3 
74.4 
78.6 
80.9 
81.2 
80.7 
78.0 
79.1 


MiUion 
pounds 
3,178 
3,179 
3,131 
3,249 
3,867 
3,678 
3,256 
2,973 
3,202 
3,114 
3,379 
3,126 
3,084 
3,159 
3,087 
2,986 


Pounds 
20.0 
19.6 
18.9 
19.3 
22.5 
21.1 
18.2 
16.4 
17.4 
16.7 
17.8 
16.3 
15.9 
16.1 
15.6 
15.0 


MiUion 
pounds 
6,689 
6.793 
6,473 
6,253 
5.309 
5,930 
6,000 
5,581 
5,421 
4,128 
4,951 
5,568 
5,626 
6,171 
5,175 
5,689 


Pounds 
42.0 
41.8 
39.1 
37.1 
31.0 
34.0 
33.7 
30.8 
29.5 
22.1 
26.1 
29.0 
29.0 
31.5 
26.2 
28.5 


MiUion 
pounds 
6,861 
6,165 
6,755 
6,788 
6,945 
7,084 
7,372 
7,490 
6,695 
6,654 
6,560 
6,837 
7,026 
6,471 
7,156 
7,126 


Pounds 
43.1 


1955 


38.0 


1956 

1957 


40.9 
40 3 


1958 

1959 

1960 


40.5 
40.6 
41.4 


1961 

1962 

1963 


41.3 
36.4 
35.6 


1964 

1965 


34.7 
35.6 


1966 


36.3 


1967 


33.1 


1968 

1969 


36.2 
35.6 



Year 


Canned fruits 4 


Canned juices 5 


Dried fruits 6 


Frozen fruits : 




Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


Total 


Per capita 


1954 

1955 

1956 


MiUion 
pounds 
3,365 
3,656 
9 3,617 
3,791 
3,926 
3,905 
4,091 
4,276 
4,256 
4,335 
4,426 
4,559 
4,516 
4,497 
4,550 
4,941 


Pounds 
21.2 
22.5 
9 21.9 
22.6 
22.9 
22.3 
23.0 
23.6 
23.1 
23.2 
23.3 
23.7 
23.3 
23.0 
23.0 
24.8 


MiUion 
pounds 
2,096 
8 2,273 
2,448 
2,621 
2,768 
2,443 
2,687 
2,432 
2,561 
2,634 
2,428 
2,458 
2,874 
3,149 
3,240 
3,735 


Pound? 
13.2 
8 15.0 
14.8 
15.6 
16.1 
14.0 
15.1 
13.4 
14.0 
14.1 
12.8 
12.8 
14.8 
16.1 
16.4 
18.8 


MiUion 
pounds 
622 
590 
615 
607 
518 
572 
553 
566 
556 
551 
552 
571 
585 
544 
559 


Pounds 
3.9 
3.6 
3.7 
3.6 
3.0 
3.2 
3.1 
3.1 
3.0 
2.9 
2.9 
3.0 
3.0 
2.8 
2 8 


MiUion 
pounds 
1,185 
1,415 
1,457 
1,512 
1,363 
1,534 
1,619 
1,597 
1,779 
1,486 
1,399 
1,625 
1,566 
1,969 
1,846 
1,847 


Pounds 
7.4 

8.7 
8 8 


1957 


9 


1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


7.9 
8.8 
9.1 

8 8 


1962 


9 7 


1963 


8.0 


1964 


7.4 


1965 

1966 


8.5 

8.1 


1967 

1968 


10.1 
9.3 


1969 


530 


9.3 











1 Fresh citrus fruits are on a crop-year basis. Dried fruits are on a pack-year basis. The per capita civilian 
consumption was obtained by dividing the total apparent civilian consumption by total population adjusted 
for members of the Armed Forces not eating out of civilian supplies. 

2 Excludes noncommercial apples. 

3 Apricots, avocados, bananas, cherries, cranberries, figs, grapes, nectarines, peaches, pears, pineapples, 
papayas beginning 1960, plums and prunes, and strawberries. 

4 Apples, applesauce, apricots, berries, cherries (including brined), cranberries, figs, fruit cocktail and salad, 
citrus sections, olives (including brined), pineapple, plums, prunes, peaches (including spiced), and pears. 

5 Grapefruit, orange, blended citrus, lemon and lime, tangerine and blends, pineapple, apple, grape, and prune 
juices, and fruit nectars. Including canned concentrated citrus juices converted to single-strength basis, but 
excludes all frozen juices. 

6 Dried apples, apricots, dates, figs, peaches, pears, prunes, and raisins. Excludes unmerchantable figs, sub- 
standard prunes, and prunes used for juice and concentrate. Data are in terms of processed dried weight. 

7 Principally cherries, apples, peaches, apricots, strawberries, other berries, and citrus juices. 

8 Beginning 1955, includes chilled citrus juices. 

9 Beginning 1956, includes chilled sections and salad. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1909-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 381. 



TREE NUTS 259 

Table 377. — Tree nuts: Supply and distribution, United States, 1954-69 3 





In-the-shell basis 


Loss in 
shelling 
process 


Shelled basis 


Crop year 


United 
States 
produc- 
tion 2 


Imports 3 


Begin- 
ning 
stocks 


Total 

supply 


Ex- 
ports 3 


Ending 
stocks 


Civilian 
disap- 
pearance 


Net civilian 
disappearance 




Total 


Per 

capita 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 


1,000 
pounds 
347,578 
393,231 
441,096 
373,870 
404,730 
458,532 
459,271 
548,189 
351,480 
681,561 
533,407 
581,108 
556,876 
560,272 
557,764 


1,000 

pounds 

391,430 

400,294 

310,358 

414,942 

417,093 

394,560 

387,304 

357,495 

402,401 

416,478 

392,116 

410,598 

391,162 

482,341 

538,680 


1,000 
pounds 
82,493 
34,297 
93,702 
142,677 
98,526 
102,875 
110,206 
113,907 
164,199 
96,988 
252,853 
242,775 
208,112 
177,894 
161,782 
166,400 


1,000 

pounds 

821,501 

827,822 

845,156 

931,489 

920,349 

955,967 

956,781 

1,019,591 

918,080 

1,195,027 

1,178,376 

1,234,481 

1,154,150 

1,220,507 

1,258,226 


1,000 
pounds 
37,648 
22,120 
39,570 
32,166 
25,136 
55,621 
35,869 
28,683 
31,708 
52,315 
52,448 
71,818 
63,454 
64,783 
56,463 


1,000 
pounds 

34,362 

93,739 
142,821 

98,614 
102,924 
110.406 
114,021 
164,374 

97,071 
252,948 
242,775 
206,112 
177,894 
161,782 
166,400 


1,000 
pounds 
749,491 
711,963 
662,765 
800,709 
792,289 
789,940 
806,891 
826,534 
789,301 
889,764 
883,153 
956,551 
912,802 
993,942 
1,035,363 


1,000 

pounds 

490,420 

466,788 

426.515 

529,635 

520,075 

518,475 

523,519 

529,954 

515,735 

586,070 

572,955 

622,491 

587,340 

655,887 

682,066 


1,000 

pounds 

259,071 

245,175 

236,250 

271,074 

272,214 

271,465 

283,372 

296,580 

273,566 

303,694 

310,198 

334,060 

325,462 

338,055 

353,297 


Pounds 
1.61 
1.50 
1.41 
1.59 
1.57 
1.54 


1960 


1.58 


1961 

1962 

1963 


1.63 
1.48 
1.61 


1964 

1965 

1966 


1.62 
1.73 
1.67 


1967 

1968 4 


1.72 
1.78 


1969 4 

























1 Includes almonds, filberts, pecans, walnuts, Brazil nuts, pignolias, pistachios, chestnuts, cashews, and mis- 
cellaneous tree nuts. Beginning 1960, includes macadamias. 

2 Almonds, filberts, walnuts, pecans, and macadamias; no reports on other nuts. Excludes quantities un- 
harvested and culls not used or used for oil. 

3 Foreign trade data on a fiscal-year basis, beginning July 1 of year indicated. 

4 Preliminary. 

Economic Research Service. Data for 1950-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1968, table 377. 



Table 378. — Tree nuts: Commercial production in specified countries, 1967-69 



Commodity and country 



Almonds (shelled basis): 

Iran 

Italy 

Morocco 

Portugal 

Spain 

Total 

Brazil nuts (in the shell): 
Brazil 

Filberts (in the shell): 
Italy 



1967 


1968 


1969 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


6.0 


8.0 


6.0 


43.0 


46.0 


23.0 


5.5 


3.5 


3.0 


6.0 


5.0 


2.0 


30.0 


41.0 


28.0 


90.5 


103.5 


62.0 


32.0 


65.0 


36.0 


60.0 


90.0 


50 



Commodity and country 



Filberts (in the shell)- 
Continued 

Spain 

Turkey 

Total 

Walnuts (in the shell): 

France 

Italy 

Turkey 

Yugoslavia 

Total 



1967 



1,000 
tons 



19.0 
77.0 



156.0 



27.0 

25.0 

8.0 

3.0 

63.0 



1,000 
tons 



20.0 
145.0 



24.0 
18.0 
11.0 
2.5 



55.5 



1,000 
tons 



10.0 
165.0 



30.0 

23.0 

9.0 

3.5 



65.5 



Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



260 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 379. — Almonds (in the shell) : Production, season average price per ton, value, 
and imports, United States, 1954-69 1 





California 


Imports, 
year be- 
ginning 
July 2 


Year 


California 


Imports, 


Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Value 


ginning 
July 2 


1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961 


Tons 

43,200 

38,300 

58,600 

37,500 

19,800 

82,800 

53,000 

66,400 


Dollars 
498 
861 
804 
505 
772 
466 
526 
561 


1,000 
dollars 
21,514 
32,976 
47,114 
18,938 
15,286 
38,585 
27,878 
37,250 


Tons 

2,206 

726 

112 

8,024 

20,106 

2,572 

1,131 

644 


1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 s 


Tons 
48,000 
59,700 
75,400 
72,900 
85,100 
76,600 
74,500 
122,000 


Dollars 
654 
591 
630 
617 
610 
582 
597 


1,000 
dollars 
31,392 
35,283 
47,502 
44,979 
51,911 
44,581 
44,476 
4 72,834 


Tons 
279 
361 
486 
561 
658 
631 
1,744 









1 Production, price, and value for California only. Production of almonds was also reported in several other 
States in the 1964 Census of Agriculture, but more than 99.9 percent of the total production was in California. 

2 Shelled nuts converted to in-the-shell basis at ratio 1 to 3.333. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 The 1968 season average price used in evaluating production. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Imports from reports of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 384. 



Table 380.- 



Year 



1954 
1955 
1956 
1957 
1958 
1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 



-Filberts (in the shell) : Production, season average price per ton, value, 
and imports, United States, 1954-69 x 



Imports, 
year be- 
ginning 
July 4 



Tons 
7,711 
6,699 
6,468 
5,792 
7,680 
7,439 
5,981 
3,359 
3,431 
5,780 
5,164 
6,080 
4,409 
8,485 
9,413 



1 


Oregon 






Washington 


Oregon and Washington 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


Produc- 


Price 3 


Value 


tion 2 






tion 2 






tion 2 










1,000 






1,000 






1,000 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


7,850 


320 


2,512 


620 


322 


200 


8,470 


320 


2,712 


7,400 


420 


3,108 


310 


422 


131 


7,710 


420 


3,239 


2,900 


510 


1,479 


140 


513 


72 


3,040 


510 


1,551 


11,700 


300 


3,510 


610 


303 


185 


12,310 


300 


3,695 


7,100 


380 


2,698 


440 


380 


167 


7,540 


380 


2,865 


9,500 


376 


3,572 


600 


378 


227 


10,100 


376 


3,799 


8,400 


420 


3,528 


550 


422 


232 


8,950 


420 


3,760 


11,100 


380 


4,218 


660 


382 


252 


11,760 


380 


4,470 


7,300 


440 


3,212 


480 


442 


212 


7,780 


440 


3,424 


6,600 


470 


3,102 


360 


470 


169 


6,960 


470 


3,271 


7,800 


440 


3,432 


290 


442 


128 


8,090 


440 


3,560 


7,300 


450 


3,285 


440 


452 


199 


7,740 


450 


3,484 


11,700 


390 


4,563 


520 


418 


217 


12,220 


391 


4,780 


7,000 


492 


3,444 


540 


497 


268 


7,540 


492 


3,712 


7,000 


518 


3,626 


600 


520 


312 


7,600 


518 


3,938 


6,900 


560 


3,864 


400 


562 


225 


7,300 


560 


4,089 



1 Production, price, and value for Oregon and Washington only. Production of small quantities of hazel- 
nuts (filberts) was reported in several other States in the 1964 Census of Agriculture. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Equivalent returns per ton at first delivery point. Total U.S. prices obtained by weighting State prices 
by quantity sold. 

4 Shelled nuts converted to in-the-shell basis at ratio of 1 to 2.22. 

5 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Imports from reports of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. Data for 1927-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1G67, table 385. 



PECANS 



261 



Table 381. — Pecans (in the shell) : Production and season average price per pound, 

by States, 1967-69 





Production 


Price for crop of — 




1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 » 


IMPROVED VARIETIES 2 
North Carolina 


1,000 
pounds 
1,600 
4,450 

45,000 
2,000 

21,500 
8,200 
2,050 
5,500 
4,000 
7,000 
2,900 


1,000 

pounds 

600 

1,280 

35,000 

3,200 

27,500 

6,000 

550 

2,500 

100 

8,000 

10,000 


1,000 
pounds 
2,400 
3,000 

71,000 
2,300 

29,000 
7,500 
2,700 
7,000 
1,200 
6,000 
7,500 


Cents 
35.0 
37.0 
39.0 
39.0 
35.0 
36.0 
35.0 
33.0 
40.0 
39.0 
47.0 


Cents 
41.0 
39.0 
42.5 
40.0 
42.0 
39.0 
41.0 
36.0 
45.0 
40.0 
48.5 


Cents 
35.0 
35.0 




31.5 


Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 


29.0 
31.0 
34.0 
33.0 
31.0 


Oklahoma 

Texas.... 

New Mexico 


41.0 
40.0 
37.0 




104,200 


94,730 


139,600 


37.7 


42.3 


32.4 






WILDLIFE SEEDLING PECANS 


300 

1,250 

10,000 

1,900 

6,500 

8,800 

6,950 

16,000 

49,000 

27,000 


200 
320 
7,000 
3,000 
4,000 
5,000 
1,850 

14,000 
1,400 

61,000 


600 

500 

12,000 

2,300 

7,000 

6,500 

6,300 

21,000 

15,800 

24,000 


27.0 
28.0 
31.5 
29.0 
31.0 
30.0 
31.0 
29.0 
30.0 
31.5 


30.0 
32.0 
34.0 
34.0 
34.0 
33.0 
32.0 
31.0 
32.0 
33.0 


27.0 


South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Alabama 


25.0 
25.5 
25.0 
25.0 
28.0 




27.0 


Louisiana 

Texas 


26.5 
27.0 
27.0 




127,700 


97,770 


96,000 


30.4 


32.8 


26.6 






TOTAL 


1,900 

5,700 
55,000 

3,900 
28,000 
17,000 

9,000 
21,500 
53,000 
34,000 

2,900 


800 

1,600 
42,000 

6,200 
31,500 
11,000 

2,400 
16,500 

1,500 
69,000 
10,000 


3,000 

3,500 
83,000 

4,600 
36,000 
14,000 

9,000 
28,000 
17,000 
30,000 

7,500 


33.9 
35.0 
37.6 
33.9 
34.1 
32.8 
31.9 
30.0 
30.7 
33.1 
47.0 


38.2 
37.6 
41.1 
37.0 
41.0 
36.2 
34.1 
31.7 
32.7 
33.8 
48.5 


33 5 




33 5 




30.6 


Florida 

Alabama 


26.9 
29.8 
31.1 




28.8 


Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


27.6 
28.0 
29 6 




37.0 








231,900 


192,500 


235,600 


33.6 


37.5 


30 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Budded, grafted, or topworked varieties. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



262 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 382. — Pecans (in the shell) : Production, season average price per pound, value 
and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 



Year 



Improved varieties 



Produc- 
tion 



Price 3 



Value 



Seedling 



Total 



Produc- 
tion 



Price 1 


Cent'? 


25.2 


29.6 


17.4 


21.6 


26.3 


31.0 


28.7 


16.1 


31.0 


17.8 


20.4 


.15.6 


26.0 


30.4 


32.8 


26.6 



j Produc- 
Value i tion 



Price : 



Value 



Foreign trade 



Im- ! Domes- 
ports ■ tie ex- 
ports 1 



1954 
1955 
1956 
1957 
1958 
1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 
1969 



1,000 
pounds 
43,800 
42,800 

106,850 
34,160 

105,900 
70,600 
80,220 

146,850 
39.775 

220,550 
55,950 

123,050 
83.960 

104,200 
94,730 

139,600 



Cents 
32.7 
40.9 
19.2 
31.0 
29.3 
34.1 
34 .1 
19.4 
39.0 
18.7 
27.5 
20.3 
31.7 
37.7 
42.3 
32.4 



1,000 
dollars 
14,292 
17,492 
20.503 
10,600 
31,001 
24,089 
27.326 
28,572 
15.455 
41.382 
15.388 
24.958 
26.538 
39,239 
40.011 
45.190 



1,000 

pounds 

50.800 

104,500 

67,550 

107,440 

! 67,450 

! 74.900 

107,280 

106,700 

35,525 

155.850 

1122.650 

; 128, 050 

77.640 

127.700 

97,770 

96,000 



1,000 
dollars 
12.765 
30,939 
11.784 
23.214 
17.7SS 
23,218 
30.797 
17.213 
10.996 
27,784 
25.002 
19.993 
20,214 
38,786 
32.082 
25.504 



1,000 




pounds 


Cents 


94,600 


28.6 


147,300 


32.8 


174.400 


18 5 


141 ,600 


23.7 


173.350 


28.1 


145,500 


32.5 


1S7.500 


31.0 


253. 55G 


18.1 


75.300 


35.2 


376.400 


18.4 


178,600 


22.6 


251.100 


17.9 


161.600 


28.9 


231.900 


33.6 


192,500 


37.5 


235,600 


30.0 



1,000 
dollars 
27.057 
48,431 
32.2S7 
33,814 
48,739 
47.307 
5S.123 
45.785 
26.451 
69.166 
40,390 
44.951 
46.752 
7S.025 
72.093 
70,694 



1,000 

pounds 

885 

2,027 

919 

991 

1 ,361 

2.447 

2,066 

245 

2,319 

1.674 

913 

175 

20 

1.771 

1.857 



1,000 
pounds 
2.859 
1,830 
2.298 
2.624 
2,567 
2,922 
2.830 
3.486 
4,157 
4,238 
8.424 
5,863 
6,251 
3,900 
4,620 



Imports of shelled nuts converted 



1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

2 Exports of shelled nuts converted to in-the-shell basis at ratio of 1 to 2.5. 
at ratio of 1 to 2.58. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 387. 

Table 383. — Walnuts, Persian (English), (in the shell) : Production, season average 
price per ton, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1954-69 1 



Year 



1954 
1955 
1956 
1957 
1958 
1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
196S 





















Foreign trade. 




California 






Oregon 


California and Oregon 


year 


>egm- 


















ning 


July* 


Produc- 






Produc- 






Produc- 






Domes- 




tion 2 


Price 


Value 


tion 2 


Price 


Value 


tion 2 


Price 3 


Value 


tic ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 






1,000 






1,000 






1,000 






Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Dollars 


dollars Tons 


Dollars 


dollars 


Tons 


Tons 


67,000 


360 


24.120 


8,100 


260 


2.106 ! 75,100 


350 


26.226 


5,147 


9.509 


72,000 


000 


39.960 


5,100 


470 


2.397 77.100 


550 


42.357 


1,800 


14.569 


69,000 


442 


30,498 


2,800 


390 


1,092 | 71,800 


440 


31.590 


1,602 


5,068 


61,300 


427 


26,175 


5.300 


400 


2.120 66.600 


425 


28,295 


2.072 


3.950 


82.200 


377 


30.989 


6.500 


380 


2.470 ! 88,700 


377 


33.459 


6.358 


3.973 


58,500 


483 


28.256 


4.200 


450 


1.890 | 62.700 


481 


30.146 


1,846 


6.228 


70,300 


535 


37.610 


2,500 


570 


1,425 i 72,800 


536 


39.035 


1,147 


8,495 


61.200 


473 


28.948 


6,300 


410 


2.583 67,500 


467 


31.531 


1,226 


4,385 


77,000 


469 


36,113 


2,900 


420 


1,218 79.900 


467 


37.331 


1.256 


5.062 


79.300 


460 


36,478 


3,800 


450 


1,710 83,100 


460 


38,188 


1.668 


3,634 


86,100 


458 


39.434 


4,100 


430 


1,763 ; 90,200 


457 


41,197 


1,778 


2,965 


79,000 


432 


34.12? 


1,300 


420 


546 80,300 


432 


34.674 


5,688 


1.711 


92.000 


460 


42.320 


4,000 


400 


1,600 


96,000 


458 


43.920 


4,816 


3.192 


74.000 


560 


41,440 


2.400 


500 


1,200 


76.400 


558 


42,640 


3,669 


4,960 


92,000 


650 


59.800 


3,600 


540 


1.944 


95.600 


646 


61.744 


2,677 


4,053 


100,000 


( 6 ) 


7 47.400 


2,500 


394 


&S5 102.500 


( 6 ) 


T 48.385 













1 Production, price, and value for California and Oregon only. 

2 Production is the quantity sold or utilized. 

3 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

4 Shelled nuts converted to in-the-shell basis at ratio of 1 to 2.38. 

5 Preli min ary. 

6 Not available. 

7 The 1968 season average price was used in evaluating production. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Foreign trade data from reports of the U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 388. 



TEA 



263 



Table 384. — Tea: Exports from principal producing countries, average 1960-64, 

annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and 
country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 1 


Continent and 
country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 » 


South America: 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Peru 


1,000 

pounds 

14,009 

2,839 

70 


1,000 

pounds 

32,393 

6,691 

150 


1,000 
pounds 
20,000 
6,500 
150 


Asia: 

Ceylon 

China: 

Mainland 4 

Taiwan 

India 


1,000 
pounds 
439,657 

69,800 
29,944 
461,828 
74,138 
14,908 
4,883 
3,846 
679 
3,862 


1,000 
pounds 
460,041 

70,000 
40,549 
459,532 
73,290 
4,481 
4,209 


1,000 
pounds 
443,998 

70,000 
44,500 
371,939 
60,000 
3,600 
4,500 


Total 


16,918 


39,234 


26,650 


Africa: 
Congo (Kinshasa) .... 
Kenya 2 


8,441 
28,974 

1,540 
19,541 
27,172 

8,282 
10,857 


12,236 
60,628 
3,770 
31,401 
36,215 
14,748 
24,686 


10,000 
72,646 
4,000 
34,037 
39,991 
16,500 
34,500 


Japan 

Malaysia 5 


Turkey 

Vietnam, South 

Total 

Grand total 


16,208 
1,598 


17,000 


Mozambique 

Malawi 3 

Tanzania 2 

Uganda 2 


1,400 


1,103,545 


1,129,908 


1,016,937 


1,225,270 


1,352,826 


1,255,261 


Total 


104,807 


183,684 


211,674 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Excludes trade between Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. 

3 Includes Rhodesia. 

4 Estimated. 

5 Malaya only. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 385.— Tea: United States imports by country of origin, average 1960-64, 

annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and country 



North America: 
Canada 

South America: 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Other 

Total 

Europe: 
Germany, West . 

Ireland 

Netherlands .... 
United Kingdom 
Other 

Total 

Asia and Oceania: 

Ceylon 

Hong Kong 



Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 1 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1,556 


4,208 


3,975 


495 


2,000 


2,519 


735 


850 


380 


51 


33 


164 


1,281 


2,883 


3,063 


26 


39 


19 


11 


16 


15 


5,693 


17,229 


6,283 


1,153 


662 


588 


10 


26 


6 


6,893 


17,972 


6,911 


51,312 


49,937 


51,822 


284 


295 


193 



Continent and country 



Asia and Oceania — Continued 

India 

Indonesia 

Japan 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

China (Taiwan) 

Other 

Total 

Africa: 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

East Africa 2 

Mozambique 

Malawi 3 

South Africa, Republic of. . 
Other 

Total 

Grand total 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 

pounds 

26,623 

14,145 

2,161 

80 

45 

6,925 

64 



101,639 



627 

6,820 

1,824 

2,032 

52 

41 



11,396 



122,765 



1968 



1,000 

pounds 

23,755 

20,275 

4,005 

868 

13 

6,640 

634 



106,422 



742 
14,672 
3,005 

4,883 
287 
290 



23,879 



155,364 



1,000 

pounds 

19,347 

20,612 

2,850 

617 



4,721 
104 



100,266 



799 

15,777 

2,953 

5,750 

205 

262 



25,746 



139,961 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. 

3 Includes Rhodesia. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. 



Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



264 



FRUITS, TREE NUTS. AND BEVERAGE CROPS, 1970 



Table 386. — Cacao beans: Exports from principal producinff countries, average 
1960-64. annual 196S and 1969 



~:::.:e:: zzz 
country 



:;: :-:4 



:-::--; 



1960-64 



N":r:- A~zr.:s 

Costa Rica 

Cuba.. 

_ :~:z;:3,r Reru: .: : 

Grenada 

Haiti* 

Jamaica 

Mexico 

Panama 

7: :. :-: azi 

Tobago 

Other 



Total. 



Sc-ti A~er::i: 

Brazil 

Ecuador 



* _ " : r. z. ~ 

Ve'r-Zr'.3 



Total. 



1,000 
:<;■--.:.: 
23.2-27 
269 

4: ;?: 

5.104 
2.070 
3,391 

u ■-.■■-. 

2,410 

13.155 
: :4l 



1,000 

-.■: - ' : 

:: -.a 



487 

919 



Afrira 

Angola 

Ssnerooa 3 

Comoro Islands 

Congo Urazzavifle".. . 



: .4. 

88 

. -a: 



55.701 

: 4:- 

827 
3,210 

:: : 



13.203 
1,650 



143.45? 

121 

l: ■■:-: 



:: : 



: •: 
153 . 753 

.-: 

3.177 



1,000 
z : : -. zz 
17,500 



51.245 
- H 
: *:4 
3.500 

13,000 
900 

; :•:•: 



::■: 5.-: 



71.319 
150 

22.659 



174 :: 



1:. . .'.•. 
90 



Africa — Continued 
7:~z: iizshasa 

Spanish Africa 4 

Gabon 

Ghana 

Ivory Coast 

Liberia 

Malagasy Republic. . . 

Nigeria 

Sao Tome and 

Principe 

Sierra Leone 

Togo 

Total 

.Asia and Oceania: 

Ceylon 

Indonesia 

New Guinea 

Xe-r Ht~ riles 
Western Samoa 



Total 

7r:i^i :::-. 



1,000 

r :.-;■' 
11.997 

7,218 
858 j?8 

210,041 

:.■;?•: 

840 
402.377 

21,616 

24.595 



1,000 


1,000 


zzz-.zz 


:■: - - : : 


11,162 


9.397 


87.459 


68.374 


8.527 


9,000 


739,123 


z": ?~A 


367,783 


265,000 


5,051 


4 ::: 


1.473 


1.500 


4:: 58 


382.737 



:4 44: 

7.717 
31,614 



:: :■: 

7,000 

3 j . : :•: 



r64,529 1.802.923 1,645 L8S 



- • :- 

254 

2fi 4:' 

1,512 

r :4i 



: ; -: 
1,000 
.53,713 
2,097 
4 554 



4.000 
1,000 
56.452 
2,000 
7,000 



-.1 4:4 



65,357 



V 152 



2,211,002 2.309,830 2.195,353 



- Preliminary, 

1 Year ending Sept. 30. 

: Includes West Cameroon. 

4 Fernando Po and Rio Muni. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



Table 387. 



-Cacao beans: United States imports by country of origin, average 1960- 
64, annual 196S and 1969 



C:n:in?n: and z-z-zzzzzy 



North Ameriia: 

Costa Rica 

Dominican Republic. 

Mexico 

Panama 1 

. riz ia-z an; . :hag: 
Other 

Total 

S:u:h Ameriia 

Brazil 

Ecuador 

Venezuela 

Other 



Average 


:-; 


Iz-Zz- 


'. ~?z >:4 






z : z '. ; : 


:•: '- " ; : 


z:zzz' 


13.697 


8,557 


12.780 


45,417 


56.122 


5 1.245 


i: :5. 


12.121 


12.149 


: : 


3.524 


4 ?Z- 


7,714 


7.966 


4.202 


4,718 


. -::•: 


3,800 


;■: '-' 




•: :,\ 


90.755 


7C 73S 


113,696 


33.243 


:r ;:: 


14,025 


12.502 


11,641 : 


5.101 


1.402 


8-52 


035 


137,902 


123.157 


133.757 



Zz--. : —z". an: :: _:.::; 



.-.-■z-zzr 

:;-: -:4 



:;-? 



:; ; ; : 



Africa: 

Cameroon 

Ghana 

Ivory Coast 3 . . . . 

Nigeria 

? :-:.;_t5t Afriia 
; r ir._5." A:: :a 
Other 

Total 

Asia and Oceania. . . 
Europe 

Grandtotal :: _ 8"." 





1,000 


1,000 


z:z'z: 


z : '- " zz 


:•; - -. : : 


9,830 


3,646 


1.324 


229,031 


154,364 


188 537 


52,621 


4* : ; : 


36.342 


100.231 


68,915 


33,591 


4.153 






992 




7 


1,052 


1,134 


165 


•;- ;:: 


.8: 241 


250.056 


i 172 


:: -:: 


: :: ; 


226 


160 


246 



511.154 489.320 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes some Costa Rican cocoa. 
1 Includes Togo. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the L .S. Department of Commerce. 



COFFEE 



265 



Table 388.— Coffee: 



United States imports by country of origin, average 1960-64, 
annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 > 


Continent and country 


Average 
1960-64 


1968 


1969 » 


North America: 


1,000 

bags 2 
321 
397 
663 
917 
1,186 
196 
364 


1,000 

bags 2 
294 
329 
579 
718 
1,293 
216 
482 


1,000 

bags 2 
271 
326 
596 
825 
1,125 
153 
363 


Africa — Continued 
Congo (Kinshasa) .... 
Ethiopia 


1,000 
bags 2 
476 
732 
779 

| 1,290 

516 


1,000 

bags 2 

260 

963 

1,458 

f 212 

{ 201 

I 1,202 

1,654 


1,000 
bags 2 
158 


Dominican Republic. . 
El Salvador 


943 

814 


Guatemala 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Other 


Kenya 3 

Tanzania 3 

Uganda 3 

Other 

Total 

Asia and Oceania: 

India 

Indonesia 

Other 

Total 

Other 

Grand total 


117 

252 

1,024 

1,388 


Total 


4,044 


3,911 


3,659 


4,926 


7,704 


5,990 


South America: 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador 


8,682 

4,060 

282 

307 

494 


8,318 

3,050 

417 

159 

571 


5,779 

2,479 

377 

283 
497 


33 

261 

24 


118 
993 
133 


118 
922 
124 


Other 


318 


1,244 


1,164 


Total 


13,825 


12,515 


9,415 


1 


6 


5 


Africa: 

Angola 


1,133 


1,754 


1,294 


23,114 


25,380 


20,233 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Bags of 60 kilos or 132.276 pounds each. 

3 Prior to 1964, included in British East Africa. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Compiled from reports of the U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 389. — Coffee: Exports from principal producing countries, average 1960-64, 

annual 1968 and 1969 



Continent and country 
of origin 



North America: 

Costa Rica 

Dominican Republic 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Honduras 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Other 

Total . , 

South America: 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other 

Total 

Africa: 

Angola 

Cameroon 



Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 » 


1960-64 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


bags 2 


bags 2 


bags 2 


872 


1,142 


1,110 


468 


392 


370 


1,637 


1,970 


1,735 


1,385 


1,572 


1,390 


405 


292 


280 


278 


440 


396 


1,436 


1,588 


1,565 


369 


474 


473 


174 


338 


286 


7,024 


8,208 


7,605 


16,925 


18,457 


19,039 


6,139 


6,588 


6,478 


476 


819 


626 


601 


872 


714 


373 


161 


313 


95 


102 


40 


24,609 


26,999 


27,210 


2,125 


3,144 


3,071 


630 


1,225 


990 



Continent and country 
of origin 



Africa — Continued 
Central African Republic 

Congo (Kinshasa) 

Ethiopia 

Guinea, Republic of ... . 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Malagasy Republic 

Equatorial Guinea 

Tanzania 3 

Togo 

Uganda 

Other 

Total 

Asia and Oceania: 

India 

Indonesia 

Malaysia 4 

Yemen 

Other 

Total 

Grand total 



Aver- 
age 
1960-64 



1,000 

bags 2 
131 
694 

1,035 
182 

2,762 
572 
728 
118 
455 
162 

2,146 
645 



12,385 



402 
1,017 

751 
86 
94 



2,350 



46,368 



1,000 

bags 2 

137 



1,273 
205 

3,574 
627 
897 
120 
819 
170 

2,533 



16,553 



485 
1,269 
620 
30 
347 



2,751 



1,000 
bags 2 
100 

1,021 

1,445 
150 

2,950 
812 
665 
110 
800 
140 

2,750 
783 



15,787 



1,500 



21 
210 



2,917 



53,519 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Bags of 60 kilos or 132.276 pounds each. 

3 Prior to 1964, shown as Tanganyika; now includes Zanzibar. 

4 Not a major producing country. Exports include coffee produced in neighboring countries. 

Foreign Agricultural Service. Prepared or estimated on the basis of official statistics of foreign governments, 
other foreign source materials, reports of U.S. Agricultural Attaches and Foreign Service Officers, results of 
office research, and related information. 



CHAPTER VI 

STATISTICS OF HAY, SEEDS, AND 
MINOR FIELD CROPS 

Chapter VI deals with hay, pasture, seeds, and various minor field crops. Table 
411 shows the seeding rate for a number of specified crops. The State averages 
represent the latest information available and are based largely on surveys made 
annually or every few years. The United States average rates are derived by 
weighting the average for each State by the acreage planted to the particular crop. 
Rates are not shown for States where. the crop is not estimated currently. 



Table 390. — Hay. all: Acreage, yield, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States. 1954-69 



Yri: 



Acreage 



Yield per 
acre 



Production 



Season 

average 

price 

per ton 

received by 

:3,r~rT5 ■ 



value 



: :-:;- :?%i? y=ir 



Domestic 



I— rcr.i 



1954 


1,000 acres 


Tons 


1954 


73,721 
74,956 
72,292 
71,912 
70,547 


1.46 
1.50 
1.49 
1.67 
1.70 


1955 


1956 


1957. . 


1958... 


1959 


1959 . 


66,266 
67,313 
67,376 
67,563 

66,428 


1.67 
1.76 
1.74 
1.80 
1.77 


1960 . 


1961 . . . 


1962... 


1963 

1964. 


1964 

1965 

1966 


67,375 
67,684 
65,140 
64,667 
62,693 
61.838 


1.76 
1.85 

1.86 
1.95 
2.00 
2.06 


1967 

1968 

1969 3 



1 , 000 tons 
2 103,198 
107,834 
112,807 
107,978 
120,043 
120,100 
2 104,936 
110,976 
118,158 
116,957 
121,759 
117,537 
2 113.157 
118,778 
125,536 
121,027 
126,300 
125,522 
127,127 



;.~.;-- 



1,000 dollars 



21.90 
22.50 
22.20 
19.30 

18.80 



22.30 
21.70 
20.70 
21.80 
24.60 



:■■: ;■: 

23.20 
25.00 

24.50 
23.60 
24.60 



2,372,369 
2,351,067 
2,286,388 
2,211,970 
2,186,374 



2,316,729 
2,409,957 
2,403,906 
: : : : :-«: 

2,716,423 



2,809,128 
2,913,418 
2,892,224 
2,896,858 
2,854,573 
2,960,495 



: :• : 

4: 



119 
124 

109 
104 

129 



24 



1 Price of hay sold baled. Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

2 Includes soybean, cowpea, and peanut hay but excludes grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, or 
small grains. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service and Economic Research Service. Italic figures are Census of Agriculture 
returns from the Bureau of the Census for conterminous United States. Foreign trade data from reports of 
the U.S. Department of Commerce. Data for 1866-1953 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 395. 



266 



HAY 267 

Table 391. — Hay: Acreage and production, by kinds, United States, 1954-69 



Year 



1954. 
1955. 
1956. 
1957. 
1958. 
1959. 
1960. 
1961. 
1962. 
1963. 
1964. 
1965. 
1966. 
1967. 
1968. 



1954 
1955 
1956 
1957 
1958 
1959 
1960 
1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 



Alfalfa 



Clover 










Grains 






and 


Lespe- 


Soy- 


Cow- 


Peanut- 


cut 


Wild 


Other 


timothy 


deza 


bean 1 


pea 1 


vine 


green 
for hay 


hay 


hay 2 



Acreage harvested 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


26,576 


17,451 


3,433 


876 


251 


1,254 


4,720 


12,880 


6,280 


28,320 


16,640 


3,848 


705 


227 


1,251 


5,614 


12,052 


6,299 


29,103 


14,648 


3,809 


524 


216 


961 


5,616 


11,730 


5,685 


29,826 


14,649 


3,990 


444 


149 


649 


4,259 


12,060 


5,886 


28,941 


15,341 


4,406 


472 


107 


641 


3,517 


11,215 


5,907 


27,383 


14,420 


3,296 


351 


105 


443 


3,708 


10,707 


5,853 


27,580 


14,564 


3,172 


440 


75 


479 


3,063 


11,581 


6,359 


28,265 


14,574 


2,912 


407 


75 


455 


3,536 


10,089 


7,063 


28,257 


14,635 


2,492 


453 


76 


440 


2,933 


11,320 


6,957 


28,490 


14,053 


2,452 


511 


69 


600 


2,760 


10,414 


7,079 


29.384 


13,440 


2,471 


463 


52 


452 


2,942 


10,584 


7,587 


29,733 


13,046 


2,317 






447 


2,784 


10,087 


9,270 


29,002 


13,139 


1,788 






403 


2,966 


9,088 


8,754 


28,162 


13,234 


1,673 






326 


2,506 


9,498 


9,268 


27,078 


13,351 


1,482 






306 


2,666 


8,844 


8,966 


26,671 


13,314 


1,477 






349 


2,935 


8,564 


8,528 









Production 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


tons 


56,364 


24,806 


2,951 


913 


163 


761 


5,290 


9,935 


6,651 


59,101 


24,548 


4,487 


904 


206 


756 


6,256 


9,129 


7,420 


60,940 


21,177 


4,092 


675 


179 


607 


5,543 


8,504 


6,261 


68,761 


21,941 


4,686 


574 


130 


413 


5,244 


11,038 


7,256 


66,522 


24,639 


5,722 


674 


100 


457 


4,405 


10,086 


7,495 


63,312 


22,696 


4,026 


496 


95 


284 


3,843 


8,866 


7,358 


67,083 


23,883 


3,736 


631 


70 


328 


3,744 


10,605 


8,078 


66,946 


24,016 


3,735 


600 


70 


309 


3,961 


8,392 


8,928 


71,731 


22,262 


2,885 


623 


72 


296 


3,798 


11,073 


9,019 


70,037 


21,387 


3,018 


717 


65 


408 


3,557 


9,263 


9,085 


71,304 


19,821 


3,049 


653 


50 


309 


3,872 


9,387 


10,333 


74,849 


20,076 


3,006 






314 


3,945 


9,632 


13,714 


72,712 


21,068 


2,242 






282 


3,900 


7,771 


13,052 


74,204 


22,684 


2,514 






232 


3,672 


8,959 


14,035 


73,251 


23,679 


2,073 






221 


3,861 


7,918 


14,519 


74,882 


23,835 


2,101 






248 


4.233 


8,356 


13,472 









All 
hay 



1,000 
acres 
73,721 
74,956 
72,292 
71,912 
70,547 
66,266 
67,313 
67,376 
67,563 
66,428 
67,375 
67,684 
65,140 
64,667 
62,693 
61,838 



1,000 
tons 

107,834 
112,807 
107,978 
120,043 
120,100 
110,976 
118,158 
116,957 
121,759 
117,537 
118,778 
125,536 
121,027 
126,300 
125,522 
127,127 



1 Beginning 1965, included in "Other hay." 

2 Includes small quantities of kinds of hay in the other columns in some States where they are not of sufficient 
importance to estimate separately. 

s Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1939-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 396. 



Table 392.— Hay, all: Stocks on farms, United States, 1960-70 



Year 


Jan. 1 


May 1 


Year 


Jan. 1 


May 1 


1960 


1,000 tons 
77,957 
82,352 
80,599 
85,193 
82,628 
79,076 


1,000 tons 
17,099 
23,237 
18,021 
23,114 
19,809 
16,567 


1966 


1,000 tons 
88,524 
84,843 
89,119 
90,406 
89,937 


1,000 tons 
22,697 


1961 


1967. 


21,932 


1962 


1968. 


25,158 


1963 

1964 


1969 

1970 1 


23,873 
24,211 


1965 



1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 402. 



268 



HAY. SEEDS, AND MINOR FIELD CROPS, 1970 



Table 393. — Hay, all: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, 1967-69 



State and division 


Acreage harvested 




Production 




Price - for crop 


of— 




1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 « 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


Maine 

New Hampshire 


1,000 

acres 

329 

144 

586 

154 

14 

121 

2,772 

160 

2,049 


1,000 

acres 

306 

134 

545 

143 

13 

116 

2,632 

145 

1,970 


1,000 

acres 

294 

128 

512 

133 

13 

104 

2,590 

136 

1,969 


1,000 
tons 

461 

234 
1,063 

282 
27 

239 
5.S45 

383 
4,035 


1,000 

tons 
436 
206 
960 
263 
26 
220 

5.504 
332 

4.085 


1,000 
tons 
419 
200 
938 
245 
97 

207 
5,523 

326 
4,146 


Dollars 
25.00 
29.50 
24.00 
34.00 
37.00 
36.50 
23.50 
34.00 
29.50 


Dollars 
25.00 
27.50 
25.00 
33.50 
36.00 
35.50 
23.50 
33.50 
27.50 


Dollars 
25.50 
29.50 
26 50 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


34.00 
39.00 


Connecticut 


36.50 
25 00 


New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 


36.50 
28.00 




6,329 


6.004 


5.S79 


12,569 


12.032 


12.031 












Ohio 


1.654 
972 
1.409 
1,645 
4.090 
3.407 
2,808 
2.914 
3,904 
4,488 
4.491 
2.465 


1,646 
984 
1,305 
1,591 
4,049 
3.356 
2.597 
2,869 
3.420 
4.425 
4.297 
2,403 


1.4S1 
927 
1,281 
1,485 
4.022 
3.185 
2.575 
2,838 
3.296 
4.154 
4,354 
2,387 


2.936 
1,925 
3.808 
3,300 
10.268 
7.5S3 
7,285 
5,642 
4,145 
4.913 
6.497 
5,282 


3.400 
2,228 
3,554 
3,379 
10,783 
7,731 
7,196 
5.706 
3,880 
5,127 
6.054 
4,721 


2,907 
2.156 
3,411 
3,207 
10.949 
7. 936 
7,405 
5.620 
4,061 
5.330 
6.963 
5,112 


26.50 
25.00 
22.00 
22.00 
19.50 
20.50 
19.50 
20.50 
16.00 
18.50 
19.50 
20.50 


24.50 
24.50 
22.50 
22.50 
18.00 
20.50 
20.00 
21.00 
15.50 
19.50 
22.00 
21.00 


24.50 




24 00 




23.50 




22.00 




17.50 




21.00 




20.00 


Missouri 


21.50 

15.50 


South Dakota 


19.50 




21.00 




21.00 






North Central . . . 


34.247 


32,942 


31,985 


63.584 


63.759 


65,060 













Delaware 


36 
327 
1,016 
604 
476 
227 
433 
156 


36 
319 
1.052 
602 
447 
234 
435 
613 


37 
328 
1.045 
596 
407 
230 
439 
163 


75 
710 
1.532 
912 
623 
390 
845 
274 


69 
674 
1,862 
912 
605 
366 
781 
288 


82 
665 
1,749 
890 
600 
383 
915 
302 


34.50 
33.50 
34.00 
33.50 
31.00 
31.50 
28.00 
31.50 


34.50 
32.00 
33.00 
30.50 
31.00 
30.50 
29.00 
32.50 


36.50 
33.00 


Virginia 

West Virginia 


33.50 
30.50 
33.00 




30.50 


Georgia 

Florida 


30.50 
32.50 




3.275 


3.28S 


3.245 


5.361 


5.557 


5,586 












Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 


1.620 

1.236 

497 

639 

739 

333 

1.649 

2.297 


1.613 

1.256 

485 

625 

755 

318 

1,598 

2.376 


1.607 

1.325 

492 

619 

705 

300 

1,674 

1,976 


2.947 
1,951 

1.096 
1.357 
644 
3,062 
3.774 


2,943 
1,799 

701 
1,162 
1,358 

607 
3,001 
4,587 


3,116 

1.971 

764 

996 

1,124 

489 

3,037 

3,451 


26.50 
27.00 
25.50 
25.00 
22.50 
23.00 
22.00 
25.00 


27.00 
28.50 
28.00 
24.00 
23.00 
23.00 
21.50 
23.50 


27.50 
29.00 
28.50 
25.00 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


22.50 
25.00 
23.00 
25.50 




9.010 


9,026 


8.698 


15.606 


16.158 


14.948 
















Montana 

Idaho 

Wvoming 

Colorado 


2.370 

1,323 

1,226 

1,482 

270 

233 

582 

410 

876 

1,137 

1,897 


2,193 

1,292 

1,178 

1,558 

273 

239 

581 

356 

882 

1,017 

1,864 


2,419 

1.339 

1,147 

1,691 

293 

224 

577 

428 

930 

1,141 

1,842 


3.S64 
3,714 
1,946 
2,848 

963 
1,122 
1,665 

809 
2.345 
2.325 
7,579 


3,585 
3,397 
1.680 
2,942 
1,049 
1,174 
1,472 
662 
2,168 
2,013 
7,874 


3,882 
3,761 
1,679 
3.356 
1.063 
1.096 
1.555 
882 
2,378 
2.354 
7,496 


22.50 
19.00 
19.50 
27.00 
30.50 
30.50 
23.50 
25.00 
23.50 
24.00 
28.00 


22.50 
20.00 
20.00 
27.00 
26.50 
24.00 
22.00 
23.50 
26.00 
25.50 
25.00 


25.00 
22.00 
23.50 
25.00 


New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 


26.50 
27.00 
24.00 


Nevada 


25.50 


Washington 

Oregon 


26.00 
26.00 




27.50 






Western 


11.806 


11,433 


12.031 


29,180 


28.016 


29.502 
















United States 


64,667 


62,693 


61.838 


126,300 


125.522 


127,127 


24.50 


23.60 


24.60 



Preliminary. 

Price of hay sold baled. 



Statistical Reporting Service. 



HAY 



269 



Table 394. — Hay — alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures; clover, timothy, and mixtures of 
clover and grasses; wild; and lespedeza: Acreage and production, by States, 
1967-69 





Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures 




Clover, timothy 
clover an 


and mixtures of 
i grasses 2 




State and division 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Production 




1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 i 


1967 


1968 


1969 \ 


1967 


1968 


1969 1 




1,000 

acres 

21 

22 

145 

31 

3 

29 

1,231 

73 

768 


1,000 
acres 
21 
22 
144 
31 
3 

28 

1,108 

64 

737 


1,000 
acres 
18 
20 
134 
31 
3 

26 

1,075 

60 

752 


1,000 

tons 

40 

51 

326 

70 

7 

75 

3,078 

219 

1,882 


1,000 

tons 

39 

47 

302 

67 

7 

70 

2,715 

186 

1,879 


1,000 

tons 

32 

45 

302 

71 

7 

68 

2,741 

186 

2,030 


1,000 

acres 

229 

86 

334 

101 

9 

62 

1,227 

63 

1,156 


1,000 

acres 

229 

84 

327 

94 

9 

66 

1,153 

59 

1,098 


1,000 

acres 

229 

84 

311 

86 

9 

56 

1,165 

56 

1,087 


1,000 
tons 
332 
138 
584 
177 
17 
118 

2,270 
117 

1,965 


1,000 
tons 
332 
126 
556 
169 
18 
116 

2,191 
109 

1,976 


1,000 
tons 
332 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 


126 
544 
150 
18 
104 
2,214 
109 


Pennsylvania 


1,902 


North Atlantic 


2,323 


2,158 


2,119 


5,748 


5,312 


5,482 


3,267 


3,119 


3,083 


5,718 


5,593 


5,499 


Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 


595 
510 

869 
1,282 
2,988 
2,332 
1,954 

845 
1,380 
2,196 
1,795 
1,248 


470 

474 

782 

1,218 

2,988 

2,262 

1,817 

800 

1,256 

2,174 

1,741 

1,148 


390 

436 

766 

1,108 

2,958 

2,126 

1,835 

800 

1,256 

2,174 

1,741 

1,125 


1,250 
1,148 
2,781 
2,756 
8,068 
6,063 
5,569 
2.493 
1,863 
3,074 
4,308 
3,557 


1,175 
1,327 
2,542 
2,801 
8,516 
6,220 
5,542 
2,480 
1,821 
3,261 
4,178 
2,985 


897 
1,243 
2,451 
2,604 
*8,578 
6,272 
5,872 
2,400 
1,947 
3,587 
4,701 
3,262 


1,016 
362 
459 
319 
857 
580 
724 

1,211 


1,138 
405 
431 
329 
848 
603 
630 

1,235 


1,058 
401 
440 
342 
848 
603 
605 

1,235 


1,626 
615 
895 
478 

1,800 
870 

1,484 

1,938 


2,162 
749 
862 
510 

1,908 
874 

1,354 

2,038 


1,957 
762 
836 
547 

1,993 




1,025 


Iowa 

Missouri 


1,301 
2,100 
















Nebraska 

Kansas 


52 

68 


42 

67 


42 
64 


83 
109 


59 
111 


67 
128 


North Central 


17,994 


17,130 


16,715 


42,930 


42,848 


43,814 


5,648 


5,728 


5,638 


9,898 


10,627 


10,716 


Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 


6 
70 
82 
72 
10 

6 


7 

68 

84 

76 

9 

6 


7 
67 
90 
75 
9 
5 


17 
224 
180 
144 
21 
13 


20 
211 
210 
148 

21 
12 


22 
221 
225 
158 

20 
10 


18 
213 
550 
402 
180 


18 
213 
583 
398 
182 


18 

217 
589 
390 

178 


38 
415 
825 
603 
252 


32 

405 

1,079 

597 

255 


40 
380 
1,001 
585 
267 
















South Atlantic 


246 


250 


253 


599 


622 


656 


1,363 


1,394 


1,392 


2,133 


2,368 


2,273 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 


241 

70 
6 

10 
67 
20 
559 
185 


212 
60 
5 
9 

63 

20 

570 

220 


197 

54 

4 

8 

50 

17 

581 

198 


639 

172 
12 
24 

234 

52 

1,509 

592 


562 
138 
9 
20 
195 
52 
1,568 
770 


611 

127 

7 

18 

142 

29 

1,569 

673 


702 
515 
45 
103 
113 


786 
597 
46 
130 
145 


778 
663 
46 
134 
146 


1,264 

850 

63 

195 

175 


1,415 

896 

58 

214 

246 


1,478 

1,028 

60 

188 

226 


Oklahoma 










































South Central 


1,158 


1,159 


1,109 


3,234 


3,314 


3,176 


1,505 


1,704 


1,767 


2,547 


2,829 


2,980 


Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 


1,118 
1,046 
466 
735 
193 
196 
450 
154 
518 
401 
1,164 


1,107 
994 
475 
750 
203 
202 
450 
159 
508 
381 

1,152 


1,118 
1,044 
480 
780 
211 
188 
446 
162 
513 
404 
1,129 


2,404 
3,295 
1,142 
1,911 

868 
1,039 
1,462 

531 
1,709 
1,163 
6,169 


2,269 
2,982 
1,045 
1,912 

954 
1,091 
1,282 

469 
1,499 
1,086 
6,566 


2,292 
3,341 
1,056 
2,145 

950 
1,015 
1,360 

551 
1,642 
1,192 
6,210 


281 
120 
184 
249 
19 


284 
132 
173 
234 
17 


284 
125 
164 
262 
17 


464 
186 
239 
386 
32 


469 
185 
190 
363 

28 


454 
194 
189 
432 
25 


Arizona 


Utah 


49 

51 

228 

270 


48 

50 

228 

240 


48 

51 

233 

250 


86 

64 

445 

486 


79 

60 

456 

432 


79 

66 

466 

462 


Washington 

Oregon 

California 
















Western 


6,441 


6,381 


6,475 


21,693 


21,155 


21,754 


1,451 


1,406 


1,434 


2,388 


2,262 


2,367 


United States 


28,162 


27,078 


26,671 


74,204 


73,251 


74,882 


13,234 


13,351 


13,314 


22,684 


23,679 


23,835 



See footnotes at end of table. 



270 



HAY, SEEDS, AND MINOR FIELD CROPS, 1970 



Table 394. — Hay — alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures; clover, timothy, and mixtures of 
clover and grasses; wild; and lespedeza: Acreage and production, by States, 
1967-69— Continued 





Wild hay 3 


Lespedeza bay 


State and division 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Production 




1967 


1968 


1969 1 


1967 


1968 


1969 ! 


1967 


1968 


1969 l 


1967 


1968 


1969 > 




1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 

acres 

22 

20 


1,000 

acres 

20 

19 


1,000 

acres 

20 

24 


1,000 

tons 

33 

28 


1,000 

tons 

29 

26 


1,000 
tons 
32 
















32 




















388 


376 


361 


485 


470 


487 
















242 


201 


209 


351 


291 


293 




1,509 

1,960 

2,408 

757 


1,449 

1,842 

2,239 

749 


1,304 

1,529 

2,261 

719 


1,283 
1.470 
1,806 

984 


1,304 

1,382 

1,455 

936 


1,239 

1,223 

1,696 

935 


































28 


22 


22 


46 


36 


34 






Nortb Central 


7,022 


6,655 


6,174 


6,028 


-5,547 


5,580 


312 


262 


275 


458 


382 


391 
















6 
13 
60 

6 
67 
29 
36 


5 

11 
57 
6 
57 
25 
31 


6 

16 
58 

6 
46 
23 
30 


10 
18 
75 
8 
77 
35 
50 


8 

15 
77 

7 

68 
26 
37 


10 
















22 
















87 
















7 
















62 
















26 
















39 
































217 


192 


185 


273 


238 


253 
































398 

340 

57 

100 

153 

14 

82 


350 
296 

58 
90 
141 
13 

80 


360 
305 

58 
81 
127 
10 
76 


617 
493 

80 
170 
268 

28 
127 


542 
340 

67 
130 
233 

21 
120 


576 
















381 
















75 
















117 
















184 
















14 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


406 


353 


371 


568 


441 


464 


110 




























South Central 


406 


353 


371 


568 


441 


464 


1,144 


1,028 


1,017 


1,783 


1,453 


1,457 




585 
102 
397 
272 

23 

65 
193 

50 
289 

94 


480 
103 
381 
283 

20 

64 
131 

50 
234 

90 


552 
100 
358 
280 

25 

64 
203 

50 
295 

92 


614 
148 
397 
299 

17 

88 

193 

70 

405 

132 


504 
134 
324 
297 

23 
83 
111 
68 
269 
117 


580 

115 

322 

322 

24 

86 

244 

68 

413 

138 






































































Utah 










































Oregon 










































2,070 


1,836 


2,019 


2,363 


1,930 


2,312 




























United States 


9,498 


8,844 


8,564 


8,959 


7,918 


8,356 


1,673 


1,482 


1,477 


2,514 


2,073 


2,101 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Excludes sweetclover and lespedeza hay. 

3 Includes prairie, marsh, and salt grass hays. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 



HAY 271 

Table 395. — Hay, all: Production and farm disposition, United States, 1960-69 





Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Farm disposition 


Year 


Kept on 
farms 


Sold 


Kept on 
farms 


Sold 


1960 


1,000 
tons 
118,158 
116,957 
121,759 
117,537 
118,778 


1,000 

tons 

99,810 

97,891 
102,506 

96,979 . 

96,747 


1,000 
tons 
18,348 
19,066 
19,253 
20,558 
22,031 


1965 


1,000 
tons 
125.536 
121,027 
126,300 
125,522 
127,127 


1,000 

tons 
102,450 

98,803 
103,155 
102,028 
103,548 


1,000 
tons 
23,086 


1961 


1966 


22,224 
23,145 
23,494 


1962 

1963 


1967 

1968 


1964 


1969 1 


23,579 



1 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated purposes 
on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. Data for 
1944-59 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 399. 



Table 396. 



-Hay, all: Production and farm disposition, by States, crop of 1969 
(preliminary) 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts . . 
Rhode Island . . . 
Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania. . . 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . 
South Dakota . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia . . . 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

tons 

419 

200 

938 

245 

27 

207 

5,523 

326 

4,146 

2,907 

2,156 

3,411 

3,207 

10,949 

7,939 

7,405 

5,820 

4,061 

5,330 

6,963 

5,112 

82 

665 

1,749 

890 



Farm disposition 



Kept on 
farms 



1,000 

tons 

371 

176 

868 

214 

24 

180 

5,136 

235 

3,524 

2,413 

1,897 

3,053 

2,742 

10,117 

6,907 

6,850 

5,058 

3,756 

4,957 

5,988 

4,038 

69 

592 

1,574 

823 



Sold 



1,000 

tons 

48 

24 

70 

31 

3 

27 

387 

91 

622 

494 

259 

358 

465 

832 

1,032 

555 

562 

305 

373 

975 

1,074 

13 

73 

175 

67 



State 



North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi. . . . 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico . . . 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

tons 

600 

383 

915 

302 

3,116 

1,971 

764 

996 

1,124 

489 

3,037 

3,451 

3,882 

3,761 

1,679 

3,356 

1,063 

1,096 

1,555 

882 

2,378 

2,354 

7,496 



127,127 



Farm disposition 



Kept on 
farms 



1,000 

tons 

534 

326 

778 

251 

2,851 

1,833 



944 

435 

2,308 

2,588 

3,377 

2,633 

1,494 

2,249 

446 

252 

1,244 

573 

1,379 

1,860 

2,099 



103,548 



Sold 



1,000 
tons 



57 
137 

51 
265 
138 

99 
129 
180 

54 
729 
863 
505 
,128 
185 
,107 
617 
844 
311 



494 
5,397 



23,579 



Statistical Reporting Service. Disposition of a given year's production regardless of time of actual disposi- 
tion. Estimates of farm disposition represent portions of the crop used or to be used for the designated purposes 
on farms where produced and do not include purchases by farmers from others for such purposes. 



272 



HAY. SEEDS. AND MINOR FIELD CROPS. 1970 



Table 397. — Hay: Season average price per ton. United States and specified markets. 

1960-69 



Year beginning May 



baled hay, United States • 



Price of 
No. 1 alfalfa, baled 



All hay: 



A"Ji.:'5 : 



Mixed 

clover and 
timothy 5 



7r : :.i< 



City s 



Los 

A-Cf.f; ; 



:;■:. 

1961 

:;f: 

1983 

1964 

:;: : 



21.70 
20.60 
21.60 
24.60 
23. SO 
23.10 
25.00 
24.50 
23.60 
24.90 



Dollars 
21.00 
21.00 
21.40 
23.50 
24.00 
24.00 
24.70 
23.60 
23.00 
23.90 



20.20 
20.50 
23.30 
24.70 
25.20 
25. SO 
24.90 
23.60 J 
23.50 ! 
24.30 i 



Dollars 
15.90 
16.60 
14.80 
16.50 
18.30 
17.50 
19.40 
18.10 
18.60 
18.60 



Dollars 
28.45 
26.65 
28.75 
25.45 
25.60 
24.20 
29.20 
25.60 
27.50 
31.00 



Dollars 
33.90 
28.70 
34.70 
39.00 
33.00 
33.25 
38.30 
38.60 
34.75 
3S.50 



1 Obtained by weighting State prices by quantity sold. 

2 United States midmonth prices -weighted by monthly marketings. 

3 Simple average of 12 months beginning in July at Kansas City and April at Los Angeles 
* Preliminary. 



Statistical Reporting Service and Consumer and Marketing Service. 
Statistics, 1967, table 401. 



Data for 1944-59 in Agricultural 



Table 39S.— Pasture and range: Condition. 1 first of month, United States. 1954-69 









Pasture 










Range 5 






Year 




























May 


June 


July 


Au- 
gust 


Sep- 

TcZlbr: 


Octo- 
ber 


May 


June 


July 


Au- 
gust 


Sep- 


Octo- 
ber 




?■-?.<•-.; 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


rc-:c: 


rc-.-.c: 


?■:-:■:-.: 


7 ■:-:■:■.-. 


Free; 


Percent 


1954... 


80 


80 


78 


59 


64 


63 


75 


80 


77 


71 


72 


70 


1955... 


79 


78 


83 


76 


68 


66 


67 


76 


80 


79 


78 




1956.... 


68 


72 


71 


70 


68 


61 


70 


-' 


72 


69 


67 


63 


1957.... 


85 


88 


90 


82 


74 


80 


77 


85 


87 


83 


81 


82 


1958. . . . 


89 


88 


88 


89 


86 


86 


86 


86 


86 


83 


81 


84 


1959.... 


81 


87 


83 


78 


78 


76 


77 


81 


81 


79 


79 


79 


I960... 


85 


87 


87 


82 


81 


78 


79 


82 


>: 


80 


79 


77 


1961... 


83 


84 


85 


84 


83 


S3 


76 


79 


80 


79 


78 


79 


1962.... 


83 


78 


84 


80 


72 


79 


79 


80 


85 


83 


79 


81 


1963... 


78 


76 


"■ 


71 


72 


71 


76 


79 


81 


77 


76 


79 


1964.... 


83 


80 


78 


69 


65 


69 


74 


76 


80 


74 


75 


77 


1965... 


80 


82 


84 


78 


77 


84 


77 


83 


S7 


83 


82 


82 


1966.... 


83 


*: 


79 


66 


75 


78 


78 


77 


77 


75 


78 


80 


1967.... 


81 


76 


86 


S5 


78 


78 


74 


79 


83 


S3 


80 


82 


1968.... 


85 


86 


87 


82 


81 


82 


79 


s: 


84 


81 


81 


81 


1969.... 


87 


90 


86 


82 


77 


79 


82 


85 


84 


82 


78 


80 



1 Reported in terms of percentage of normal. 

2 Includes the western geographic division and range areas of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska. Kansas . 



Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 403. 



PASTURE; FIELD SEEDS 



273 



Table 399.- 



-Pasture: Condition, 1 June 1 and Sept. 1, by States, average 1958-67, 
annual 1968 and 1969 2 



State and division 



Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts . . 
Rhode Island . . . 
Connecticut .... 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania. . . 

North Atlantic 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . 
South Dakota . . . 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

North Central. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia. . . 
North Carolina . . 



Condition 


Condition 


June 1 




Sept. 1 




Aver- 






Aver- 






age 


1968 


1969 


age 


1968 


1969 


1958- 






1958- 






67 






67 






Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


88 


90 


87 


83 


65 


88 


86 


92 


87 


79 


75 


87 


87 


92 


90 


81 


82 


87 


84 


89 


88 


74 


64 


84 


87 


96 


88 


74 


66 


91 


85 


86 


88 


78 


68 


86 


85 


91 


91 


74 


86 


87 


80 


88 


87 


68 


63 


88 


84 


89 


90 


69 


74 


90 


84 


90 


90 


73 


78 


88 


87 


94 


93 


76 


94 


88 


90 


94 


94 


80 


94 


90 


90 


91 


93 


80 


85 


86 


87 


88 


92 


78 


87 


76 


84 


87 


92 


73 


91 


64 


85 


81 


91 


74 


83 


62 


88 


86 


93 


84 


79 


87 


85 


89 


92 


72 


86 


73 


77 


72 


79 


68 


81 


73 


79 


73 


85 


67 


71 


68 


80 


80 


88 


79 


68 


75 


76 


79 


95 


79 


77 


85 


84 


85 


92 


77 


83 


77 


81 


85 


90 


71 


50 


95 


82 


84 


85 


69 


73 


90 


85 


90 


85 


77 


85 


97 


80 


90 


85 


77 


87 


93 


84 


89 


89 


85 


73 


90 



State and division 



South Carolina . . 

Georgia 

Florida 

South Atlantic 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

South Central. 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. . . . 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Western 

United States. 



Condition 
June 1 



Aver- 
age 

1958- 
67 



Per- 
cent 
79 
78 



1968 



Per- 
cent 
85 
83 
70 



78 



82 



90 



86 



Per- 
cent 
86 
87 
84 



Condition 
Sept. 1 



Aver- 
age 

1958- 
67 



Per- 
cent 
80 
83 

87 

79 



75 



1968 



Per- 
cent 
63 



78 



80 



79 



79 



77 



81 



1969 



Per- 
cent 
87 

82 



90 



1 Reported in terms of percentage of normal. 

2 For range States, relates largely to farm pasture — that is, condition of ranges is not included. 

Statistical Reporting Service. 

Table 400.— Field seeds: Production of clean seed, United States, 1954-69 











Or- 


Ken- 




Smooth 


Crested 


Chew- 








Year 


White 


Ladino 


Red- 


chard- 


tucky 


Sudan- 


brome- 


wheat- 


mgs 


Red 


Tall 


Bent- 




clover 


clover 


top 1 


grass 


blue- 
grass 2 


grass 1 


grass ' 


grass 1 


fescue 


fescue 


fescue 


grass 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1954.... 


2,362 


3,717 


3,072 


6,425 


19,500 


42,325 


14,763 


1,438 


6,800 


4,692 


29,470 


3,339 


1955.... 


4,827 


4,828 


4,240 


10,240 


23,450 


88,970 


6,732 


2,190 


7,980 


2,072 


28,647 


4,600 


1956. . . . 


4,651 


5,950 


3,840 


10,350 


9,163 


54,975 


6,118 


2,761 


5,100 


2,056 


25,140 


5,670 


1957.... 


6,317 


2,906 


3,375 


15,950 


24,550 


104,705 


35,172 


10,360 


7,800 


3,160 


26,124 


8,020 


1958.... 


3,353 


4,235 


3,155 


16,130 


28,610 


34,168 


8,885 


1,925 


5,880 


2,706 


30,558 


6,152 


1959.... 


4,879 


4,356 


5,485 


9,980 


3,550 


43,338 


4,943 


2,795 


10,560 


5,679 


28,594 


6,765 


1960. . . . 


4,014 


4,455 


5,020 


13,320 


29,400 


47,526 


13,115 


2,547 


11,000 


5,758 


40,780 


5,092 


1961.... 


5,956 


5,204 


4,240 


13,020 


5,560 


65,869 


12,880 


2,015 


7,500 


4,878 


36,984 


5,897 


1962.... 


3,784 


5,642 


3,330 


15,865 


9,300 


61,495 


4,173 


3,330 


9,000 


5,078 


31,299 


6,254 


1963... 


7,528 


6,205 


2,630 


8,680 


14,058 


58,556 


5,745 


2,099 


6,290 


3,810 


46,910 


7,918 


1964.... 


5,602 


5,120 


3.240 


14,940 


19,238 


40,305 


13,194 


1,536 


7,920 


5,310 


61,941 


9,673 


1965.... 


4,026 


4,930 




13,490 


22,832 








6,290 


6,014 


56,714 


7,746 


1966.... 


3,640 


4,205 




10,010 


30,247 








7,175 


6,918 


79,070 


8,253 


1967.... 


2,164 


3,600 




6,880 


34,651 








7,350 


8,893 


49,899 


7,868 


1968... 


840 


3,688 




6,510 


32,834 








5,760 


6,578 


56,217 


6,176 


1969 «... 


2,067 


4,880 




8,300 


32,029 








6,720 


6,800 


64,299 


5,719 













1 Beginning 1965, estimates discontinued. 

2 Does not include Pacific Northwest prior to 1963. 

3 Preliminary. 

Statistical Reporting Service. Data for 1929-53 in Agricultural Statistics, 1967, table 405. 



274 



HAY, SEEDS, AND MINOR FIELD CROPS, 1970 



Table 401. — Field seeds — alfalfa, timothy, red clover, sweetclover, and lespedeza: 
Acreage, yield, production, season average price per 100 pounds received by 
farmers, and value, United States, 1954-69 





Yield 


Acreage 


per 


harvested 


acre 



Produc- 
tion 

(clean 
seed) 











Yield 


Produc- 




Price 1 


Farm 


Year 


Acreage 


per 


tion 


Price 1 




value 




harvested 


acre 


(clean 
seed) 





Farm 
value 



Alfalfa seed 







1,000 




1,000 








1,000 




Acres 


Lb. 


pounds 


Dollars 


dollars 




Acres 


Lb. 


pounds 


Dollars 


1,048,500 


156 


163,949 


33.50 


54,749 


1962... 


608,100 


197 


119,868 


41.10 


1,392,500 


153 


212,390 


20.60 


43,531 


1963... 


937,000 


170 


159,196 


31.00 


921,500 


180 


165,840 


30.90 


51,008 


1964... 


695,500 


201 


140,142 


31.30 


890,800 


181 


161,050 


24.70 


39,759 


1965... 


610,000 


197 


120,337 


33.00 


844,700 


179 


151,100 


27.30 


41,139 


1966... 


582,800 


202 


117,984 


35.50 


723,800 


175 


126,594 


29.50 


37,063 


1967... 


472,600 


240 


113,419 


41.10 


712,400 


192 


136,658 


27.50 


37,346 


1968... 


550,000 


211 


115,843 


37.80 


634,800 


198 


125,909 


33.80 


42,368 


1969 2 .. 


503,500 


210 


105,635 


36.80 



1,000 
dollars 
49,085 
49,196 
43,607 
39,480 
41,629 
46,454 
43,650 
38,706 



Timothy seed. 



Acres 
251,000 
318.500 
206,500 
277,000 
191,500 
317,500 
288,000 
164,000 





1,000 




1,000 








1,000 




Lb. 


pounds 


Dollars 


dollars 




Acres 


Lb. 


pounds 


Dollars 


149 


37,435 


17.10 


6,419 


1962... 


156,500 


141 


21,998 


10.40 


157 


49,952 


8.48 


4,251 


196